this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. the uk government extends the toughest restrictions to three quarters of england's population, as deaths from coronavirus soar to 981, confirmed on wednesday. but — light at the end of the tunnel. the uk gives approval for the astra zeneca vaccine — with the firstjabs due to begin, next week. it's a moment to celebrate and have some optimism about where we've got to today and moving forward. the uk and eu sign an historic trade agreement — after british mps give overwhelming backing to boris johnsons‘ brexit deal. and rescuers search for people missing after a landslide sweeps through a village in norway.
hello and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world. the uk has become the first country in europe to approve the use of two covid—19 vaccines. today the uk medicines regulator gave the go—ahead for the oxford astrazeneca vaccine — signalling a landmark moment in the fight against coronavirus. it comes as the uk announced a further 981 deaths in the past 2a hours — the highest figure since april. here is our medical editor, fergus walsh. the approval of the oxford vaccine, which is a fantastic achievement for british science... it's a great day, we are very proud. this is a really significant moment in the fight against this pandemic.
it is, i think, again, a changing moment. this is the vaccine — more than any other — that will eventually bring coronavirus under control. unlike pfizer's, which needs ultra low temperatures, the oxford astrazeneca vaccine can be transported in a fridge, meaning every care home in the uk should now be in reach. the medicines regulator said no corners had been cut. with this approval of the second vaccine, we are another step closer in helping to defeat this virus. our clear message is that you can have every confidence in the safety, in the effectiveness and in the quality of covid—19 vaccine astrazeneca. the vaccine uses a gene from the spike shaped protein on the surface of coronavirus. this is put inside a modified harmless virus. the vaccine instructs human cells to make the spike protein,
which prompts the immune system to create antibodies, which can recognise and destroy coronavirus. and it stimulates t—cells, which should destroy cells that have become infected. so just how effective is the vaccine? the latest estimate is it gives 70% protection against covid three weeks after the first dose. the nhs will now hold back giving the second dose of all covid vaccines until 12 weeks so more people can get protected. the most pragmatic thing to do is to give as many at risk people as possible the first dose of the vaccine, because we know that from three weeks after the first dose, there is a very good level of protection, and nobody in the clinical trials at that point after their first dose was in hospital with covid or experiencing the disease. this is now a race between the vaccine and the virus, that means getting millions of doses approved quickly. we will shift a bit more than 500,000 doses this week
to start being used on monday, and from there, we will rapidly escalate the deliveries. i really think, by the end of march, we will be in a very different place. what many want to know is, when will they get immunised? prime minister, how many people will be nhs immunise every week, because surely, it needs to be in the millions? the best answer i can give at the moment is that we will have millions of doses, tens of millions of doses, by the end of march. we are working to get the programme going as fast as we can. i don't want to give you specific numbers at the moment. much of the production is done in the uk, like here in oxford, unlike the more expensive pfizer jab, which is produced in belgium. there are many manufacturing facilities like this all over
the world which are producing in bulk quantities of oxford—astrazeneca vaccine. the aim is to have 3 billion doses of the vaccine by the end of 2021. to deliver a safe and effective covid vaccine in less than a year is a stunning achievement. the challenge now, to ensure rapid roll—out to those who need it most. fergus walsh, bbc news. millions more people in england will be placed under the highest tier 4 restrictions in the coming hours and asked to stay at home. the health secretary matt hancock said the change was due to the rapid jump in new cases in england linked to the new variant. our health correspondent dominic hughes reports. in birmingham, just time for a last trim before tier 4 restrictions at midnight. after a tough year, another bitter setback for owner dale. after a tough year, another big setback. absolutely devastated again
that we have just got going after reopening on the 2nd of december. we are just getting back on our feet again. how many more times can we be locked down? the bills keep rolling in. it is really difficult to keep coming back. in england, more than three quarters of the population will be in tier 4, the highest level of restrictions. health secretary matt hancock told mps the new more contagious covid variant was driving infections up. unfortunately, this new variant is now spreading across most of england and cases are doubling fast. it is therefore necessary to apply tier 4 to many other areas, including remaining parts of the south—east as well as large parts of the midlands, north—west, north—east and south—west. this is a global crisis but a national emergency. our national health service is becoming overwhelmed. i hope the tier 4 restrictions are enough but many believe even tougher restrictions are inevitable.
but public health experts believe lockdowns can only do so much. it lasts for three or four weeks and then it wears off so it is important that regardless of which tiers we are in we continue to take the test and more importantly maintain social distancing and hand washing. rising case numbers are hurting the health service. already buckling under pressure in the south and east infections are now growing in the north and west. burnley has already been hit hard by the pandemic this year but has again seen a rapid growth in cases, and it is notjust businesses that will be affected by new restrictions — the local hospice depends on the money raised each year by a charity shops. it has been a huge hit for us this year. we have been full throughout the pandemic. our hospice at home services are also caring for more people in the community. to then close our shops
is a real kick to us. parts of england that have seen relatively low case numbers in recent months like taunton in somerset now find themselves in tier 4. it is clear we are heading into the new year in the middle of a second wave that has yet to show any signs of subsiding. it is a place no one wanted to be. dominic hughes, bbc news. the republic of ireland has extended a ban on travel to the country from the united kingdom and south africa untiljanuary 6th due to the new more infectious variant of covid—i9. ireland's prime minister, mihul martin, has also announced that tough public—health restrictions will remain in place for the next four weeks to try and stop the spread in his country. i've always been clear that we will do what we need to do to suppress the virus when it is growing, and it is now growing exponentially. the truth is, that with the presence of the new strain and the pace
of growth, this is not a time for nuance in our response. we must apply the brakes to movement ends physical interaction across the country. we must return to full scale level five restrictions for a period of at least one month. argentina's medical regulator has approved the oxford astrazeneca coronavirus vaccine — following quickly on the heels of the uk. the country has a contract to buy more than 22 million doses, which will be delivered in 2021. it has already begun vaccinating health workers with the russian sputnik v vaccine, as it prepares for a possible second wave of the virus. the us is expected to approve the astrazeneca—oxford vaccine in april — three months after the uk. it has already approved the moderna vaccine — but that programme has come under scrutiny. only around two million americans have received the first dose of that vaccine, far short of the goal of 20 million by the end of december.
in florida hundreds of seniors spent the night sitting in lawn chairs outside vaccination sites in lee county. they got in line after the state's governor, ron desa ntis, disregarded official guidelines and opened up the vaccinations to more people than recommended for this phase of the process. sara girard is an investigative reporter at wink news a local tv station in florida, she joins us from fort myers in florida. lovely to have you join us. you have been covering the roll—out of the vaccination procedure across lee cou nty vaccination procedure across lee county in florida. talk us through it. because what we have seen as it has been far from straightforward. yes, thank you for having me. so, basically, when the governor announced that people over the age of 65 would be included in this role outcome of the county said, ok, it's first come first serve. so that led
toa first come first serve. so that led to a lot of people coming out to these locations, some 2a hours in advance, as you said, they brought their lawn chairs, they brought things to read, just to sit there in order to get the vaccine as one of the first people getting the vaccine. and surrounding counties have now started doing appointment services or have now started doing appointment services 01’ even have now started doing appointment services or even drive—through services or even drive—through services and appointments are just getting filled up extremely quickly. here in lee county, they are still working out logistics. i spoke to people online who said they wish they didn't have to do it this way, but they think it's worth it to get the vaccine as soon as possible. so we re the vaccine as soon as possible. so were you talking to people who had actually spent the night outside in line waiting for this? yes, and a lot of them told me this wasn't sustainable. so i talked to people who woke up at two or three o'clock in the morning, one gentleman i spoke to got there at 10am the day before the next day when they were going to give out the vaccine at nine a:m., so he waited 23 r is to get the vaccine this morning, and people are really lining up outside
of these facilities, and social distancing isn't always prevalent, but people are wearing their masks. again, a lot of them feel as if it's worth taking that risk to go out and get the vaccine right now. so you touch upon the mask wearing of people in line. a lot of comments on social media that these vaccine lines could themselves become super spreader events. what are you hearing? so, there wasn't an incident earlier this week in bonita springs which isjust incident earlier this week in bonita springs which is just south of here, that location saw an overwhelming amount of people. the facility actually only thought they were going to give out three or 400 vaccines that day, but 1000 people showed up. so all lot of confusion began to happen. people were pushing. some people were pushed out of line. eventually, tickets were handed out by law enforcement, so there was a concrete number of people who were guaranteed the vaccine and the rest had to come another day. since then, there has been a lot more controls put in
place. the county doesn't recommend people come out and do this. they are saying don't come until 8am when it starts at nine a:m., but people are choosing to go out and wait in these lines. they are big crowds. i went to a couple of locations yesterday and they cut the line off at 600 people and gave 600 vaccines. while, people really want to get vaccinated. thanks so much for the update. thank you. the uk prime minister has told the bbc his new trade deal with the european union means the country will have its cake and eat it. but as mps voted overwhelmingly for the deal, more than four years after the referendum, he refused to acknowledge that new barriers to doing business with the eu will come into force in less than 48 hours, only admitting that there will be "changes". he was speaking to our political editor laura kuenssberg. signing on the dotted line over there, then a short hop for the 1246 page document —
the cargo of an raf plane to get back here. ready for boris johnson's signature. here it is. the man who campaigned for brexit, became prime minister because of it, and now his deal, this day scrolled into history. what this deal does is it satisfies the request of the british people to take back control, and what that meant was that we now have the freedom to do things differently and do things better if we choose. in the knowledge that there are no barriers to... but, prime minister, that's just factually not the case. it's not true that there will not be more barriers. you have got more political control, but you can't sit there and say that there won't be extra friction. there will be changes, and we've been very clear with people that they'll have to get ready forjanuary the 1st, that things will work differently, and at the same time we cannot only
exploit the advantages of a zero tariff, zero quota deal with the eu. people said that that was impossible. and they said that that was having your cake and eating it. so i want you to see this as a cake—ist treaty. so you are having your cake and eating it? you've said it. but there will be new barriers because, if you don't admit that, honestly now, aren't people going to be really peeved when they find out? all we are doing is, i think, solving what everybody said was a kind of impossible, you know, contradiction in terms. the political screaming and shouting of the last few years only echoes in parliament's halls now. the prime minister had his day. prime minister. perhaps brexit‘s opponents have only reluctance left. it is the only deal we have. it is a basis to build on for years to come. ultimately, it is the only way
to ensure we avoid no deal. an awkward moment for labour but only one mp voted against and a sprinkling of labour mps quit the front bench to join others abstaining. i have the greatest respect for the result of the 2016 referendum, but this shoddy deal falls short. only the smaller parties raging and officially voting against even though no—deal was a worst case scenario. we now finally know what brexit means, we have it in black and white. it means a disaster of a deal. it means broken promises, it means economic vandalism. but not a single tory mp voted against the deal. remember, europe ended the careers of several of the prime ministers whose portraits line this famous staircase. do you believe that you have ended the conservative party's agony over europe? well, i am very hopeful that is the case.
this is not the end of britain as a european country. many people will be watching this and worry that it is, that emphatically is not the case. with the overwhelming backing of the commons, after years it is the end of one profound relationship and outwardly, at least, the calm start of another. but in the time to come, our relationship with the rest of europe may be no less complicated underneath. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. let's speak to the former labour cabinet minister and vice chair of the european movement, lord adonis. good to happy with us. the debate is 110w good to happy with us. the debate is now in the house of lords. i know you spoke a little bit earlier already. we are expecting about later, whatever happens, this will go through, this is the future of the uk's relationship the eu. the bill will go through. we are in the last hours of the debate, but the house of commons gave it a big majority and our job
house of commons gave it a big majority and ourjob is into question the authority of the elected house when it speaks so decisively, so the big question now for the government and for the country ultimately is if this deal turns out to be bad news for people's jobs and incomes turns out to be bad news for people'sjobs and incomes because turns out to be bad news for people's jobs and incomes because we have less trade, a lot more bureaucracy, we take a particular hit with our service industry, lots of people watching this will work in the business and financial service where we don't have a deal at all. so there will be new trade barriers and we will lose jobs. what will we do that and? what is plan b? well, i think we will on to, probably fairly quickly when we see the economic downside of this trade reduction treaty. what we will have to look at doing is going back into the european single market and european customs union which a number of european countries that aren't in the european union itself also belong to because they don't want friction in their trade, they want to be able to trade completely freely, and i think that could well
be the agenda for the country into— three years time. so you mean there will be yet more negotiations. this isn't the end of the story, just the beginning, so to speak to what do you make of the process, you described it as the gross abuse of apartments reprocessed by this happening so quickly. well, parliament has been expected to rubber—stamp this treaty in one day which is without precedent for an issue of this importance and complexity. there isn't any opportunity to discuss any amendments to the legislation. we are working on this, and that is because the government on the concluded the treaty and christmas eve. now, it is very ironic because you will remember that we were told this is about taking back control, taking back control of our parliaments. instead, the very first thing that the government is doing to parliament this is insulting it. that it don't think is lost on parliamentarians or the country. but you are also right. this is the only
the end of the beginning. we haven't ended the argument about brexit, and the reason we haven't ended it is because the situation is in stable. from midnight tomorrow, we will see big new impediments to trade, people's jobs will be at stake. lots of companies will go to the wall. there will be a mountain of new red tape. it won't be possible for lots of people who are in the performing a rts of people who are in the performing arts or the culture industries even to ta ke arts or the culture industries even to take their equipment across europe freely, one of our big sectors. this isn't a stable situation, and once people see what the downside is and how it's going to affect them personally, remember, that's the reason why we went into the common market and european union and the first place, i think we will see big new demands for us to really renegotiate this treaty in a sensible, pragmatic, british way to see that we safeguard people's jobs. we are on the eve of the eve of the end of what we have had for the past four and end of what we have had for the past fourand a end of what we have had for the past four and a half years, you may not agree with the prime ministers saying that he is having his cake
and eating it, but do you agree with the leader of the opposition by saying that a thin deal is better than no—deal? saying that a thin deal is better than no-deal? well, we definitely didn't want no—deal. that's absolutely right. but there was never any danger of no—deal. the government was conducting an enormous bluff in saying that we would literally stop the parts functioning properly. that was never on offer. and of course, because borisjohnson has the majority in the house of commons, he was going to be able to get his deal through anyway. the reason why some of us we re anyway. the reason why some of us were so concerned that labour doesn't endorse the deal is that the people who are going to have to renegotiate this deal to give the british people fundamentally better deal ina british people fundamentally better deal in a few years time is so that people's jobs and livelihoods are protected. i think it's hard to do that if you have signed on the dotted line with borisjohnson, and whom i have an enormous regard for from conservative deputy prime ministers so wisely said a few days ago, the only people who should vote for this deal are those people who are prepared to take responsibility
for its. i am absolutely not prepared to take responsibility for this trade reduction deal that will end a lot of people's jobs and send may be thousands of companies to the wall. i think therefore it's important that those of us who are taking responsibility for its are able to put a much better alternative to the british people when this starts to go badly wrong asi when this starts to go badly wrong as i think it will quite soon. we will expect that vote in the house of lords shortly. thanks so much for the time being. at least 22 people have been killed in an attack on the city of aden's airport in yemen, soon after a plane carrying the country's new government landed. just as passengers were about to leave the aircraft there was an explosion. the cabinet ministers are all reported to be safe. the administration has accused the houthi rebel movement of carrying out the assault. ten people have been injured — one critically — in a landslide that buried houses in the norwegian village of yair—druum — north—east of the capital oslo. police say 15 people who live in the area
are still unaccounted for — and that it's not yet clear if some were caught up in the landslide, or were away when it occurred. you can see the enormous crater that appeared in the early hours of wednesday. around 700 people have been evacuated from the area. anders thorheim who is the head of national preparedness at the norwegian red cross — he gave me an update on the situation. there are still 11 people unaccounted for just following a press brief with the police just recently, and they also proclaimed that they have reason to believe that there are people in the landslide, so unfortunately, it seems like some of these people are actually in the landslide. the numbers have been increasing all through the day, but now it seems like it has stabilised. 11 people are still missing. the search continues with helicopters and drones in the area.
and have you been able to get people onto the ground, because i know that the situation was quite unstable there. and well, initially what we did was evacuate the area. and now the 700 people evacuated. we are also providing support for the evacuees and hotels. people have been lifted, also come out of the landslide by helicopter. but we have still not had the possibility to enter into the landslide due to the risk of their still being motion. can you help us understand, is this an area prone to this? is it because of the particularly cold weather, why is this happening? this is an area that has unstable ground with a lot of this kind of mud that can be put into motion with a lot of rain.
but it hasn't happened before in this scale, not at all. but it's probably a combination of all lot of rain these past months with a mild winter so far, and also with more building of houses in this area, but the reasons for it to happen just now is not clear at all. just briefly, if you would, is there a chance that the ground, a lot of us are going to be happy to say goodbye to the year that was 2020 — that includes these guys — take a look at this. us robot developers, boston dynamics, posted that new video online demonstrating its atlas, spot, and handle robots dancing in sync to the song
do you love me by the contours. the coordinated wired proteges dance floor display came with a new year the idea is definitely good by 2020. hello there. hasn't been too bad a day for many of us after a very cold start. we've seen quite a bit of sunshine around. northern scotland though has seen a lot of very heavy snowfall. we're likely to see more rain, sleet and snow over the next few days. that combined with overnight ice is likely to cause some disruption. so, stay tuned to the forecast for all the details. but in the short term, we've still got this cold pool of air across the country and these weather fronts enhancing shower activity. now, this frontjust passing to the south of england and should take any rain, sleet, snow showers with it. and then we focus in on this new front pushing in to northern scotland, bringing another round of rain, sleet and snow. mainly rain to the coast but some heavy snow inland. certainly over the high ground with some significant accumulations. there will be further wintry showers dotted around western coast, central and eastern parts of england will see the best of the drier
weather with the clear skies. so here, it really will be cold overnight with a risk of frost and ice. so into tomorrow for new year's eve, it's going to be a dry, very cold, frosty start for central and eastern areas. plenty of sunshine around, heavy snow continues across much of scotland, certainly over the higher ground. this will be pushing southward through the day into northern england. i think mainly rain to the coast, snow inland. there will be further wintry showers across some western areas. the best of the dry and brighter weather, central and eastern england — but here, we could see a little bit of mist and fog around. it's going to be a very cold day. now, through thursday night, it stays very wintry across the north. further showers here, and the mix of rain, sleet and snow pushes southwards into england and wales first thing on new year's day whereas further north, we start to see some clear spells developing. a very cold night to come. again, risk of ice and some frost. so, we've got low pressure to the east of the country, higher pressure to the west for new year's day. and this weather front straddling parts of england and wales and it will bring quite a lot of cloud
around, i think, for new year's day. with spits and spots of light rain on it. could see some light snow over the higher grounds. it still will be cold. scotland, northern ireland, and then later northern england should see the best of any brightness through new year's day but further wintry showers will be pushing into northern coasts. and those temperatures, maybe not quite as cold as it has been — 4—7 celsius. still, that is cold. and then for the first weekend of january 2021, it remains cold, some sunshine around, some wintry showers affecting north sea coasts.
our headlines... the uk has recorded a hugejump in deaths from coronavirus, with 981 confirmed on wednesday. but the spread of the virus could soon be slowed by a second vaccine from astrazeneca, which the uk has approved. ireland's prime minister has announced a return to lockdown during january, with the re—opening of schools delayed. ireland has extended a ban on travel from britain, blaming increased cases of covid—19 on the new variant first identified in the uk. boris johnson has signed britain's post—brexit trade agreement with the european union. in brussels, ursula von der leyen signed the deal on behalf of the eu. the agreement also won the backing of british mps in the house of commons. rescuers in norway are still searching for people missing following a landslide. i'll be back at ten o'clock.