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tv   Click  BBC News  June 6, 2021 4:30am-5:00am BST

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the headlines: the g7 group of advanced economies have reached a deal to make multinational companies pay more tax in the countries where they do business. finance ministers meeting in london agreed to a global minimum corporate tax rate of 15% to avoid countries undercutting each other. a senior nhs official says the uk vaccination programme appears to have broken the link between cases of the covid—19 —— appears to have broken the link between cases of covid—19 and serious illness or death. the head of nhs providers says people in hospital with the delta variant of coronavirus are significantly younger, which puts less strain on critical care. the nigerian government has defended its decision to suspend twitter, saying the social media platform had been used to spread misinformation that had violent consequences. a joint statement from the us, the eu, britain, canada and ireland said the right to free expression was a pillar of democracy.
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now on bbc news, click. this week — the giant coming to a city near you. a giant leap for disability. and thrilling rides on giant screens. hey, hay — it is one of my favourite fests. we've been coming to the hay literary festival for quite a few years now, each time meeting amazing people who have written on fascinating topics. every so often, someone has stolen the show and stopped
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our world spinning. can you see it? i'm sorry. the town of hay on wye has more bookshops than you can throw a thriller at and they are usually packed with festivalgoers. and after an enforced year online in 2020, the organisers are taking tentative steps back into town. as are we. welcome to click at hay, 2021. ok, i said tentative steps. anyway, today, we are going to be talking about al, which, of course, is very big. artificial insemination. next year, then, i promise! but in the meantime, some of hay 21's events are being streamed from the cinema around the back of richard booth�*s beautiful bookshop. and later on, we will bring you one of the most inspiring stories from the festival. first, i want to tell you a tall tale from the emerald isle. a very tall tale.
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—— a very tall tale, indeed. it's one of the most famous stories ever written. it's actually called travels into several remote nations of the world, in four parts, by lemuel gulliver, first a surgeon and then a captain of several ships. but you probably know it better as gulliver's travels. well, well! what have we got here? 300 years after the book was written, i'm following in the footsteps of its author jonathan swift to the place that inspired him to write the novel in the first place. this is belvedere house in county westmeath, bang in the centre of ireland. so, the story goes that jonathan swift was standing about here, looking across the lake, where there is actually a place called lilliput. and he thought, "wow, those people
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in the distance are really small". and the rest is history. i said, why isn't there a giant gulliver here in belvedere house? paddy dunning is a music manager and proprietor of several museums. he has rubbed shoulders with the likes of u2, rem and dame shirley bassey and now, he wants to make some icons of his own. we designed a beautiful statue in wood — larch wood — and we would build a viewing tower from the hat. and inside would be a heritage centre, a museum dedicated not just to jonathan swift, but to the writers of the county. so that was where it started. it didn't end there, though, did it? so we came up with what is the concept now, which is a statue that has a matrix skin and now, we have just launched the giant project, which is the search for 21 sites, to build 21 giants around the world. people of the world, welcome to the giant.
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the giant will be an interactive visitor attraction centred around a huge, human—shaped moving structure with cafes, restaurants, shops and a museum to boot, literally at the boot. the project is currently being masterminded at paddy's residential recording studio, grouse lodge, and it's caught the attention of eric fraad, an opera director, music producer movie—maker and all round creative, who wanted to make sure that the statue could represent absolutely anybody. one of the possibilities was its a gigantic statue, and it's androgynous and therefore, with the leds, you know, not projected but actually revealed on it, it makes it much more spectacular and transformable rather than a static image. what kind of shape did you end up going for? essentially, it is an amalgamation of the facial shape of a man, a woman and a child.
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the human eye, it cheats. the human eye fills in so much that's not there. if you give it a hint, it will fill in an awful lot and that is part of what it is. chuckles. is it big enough, do you think? and bear in mind this is only a small scale concept model. it will be covered with millions and millions of pixels of addressable leds. that is all fed to controllers. the more control you have over the leds, then the greater spectral variations you can have with colour, with intensity. we've managed to get this big, massive movement up to the sky, the winning pose, so that's
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a big, massive movement. these are 60—80 foot long arms that will weight tonnes. if the giant is on the ground on top of the museum, - you would need an acre. interestingly, somebody. in new york has been on, and they can do it on airspace, land that is really interesting. i what does that mean? airspace means that they would put it on top of an existing - building. because of covid, a lot| of the cities are looking at how are they --oin to get tourism back? how are they going to get people back into their - countries and their cities? what is the draw going to be? we do think that the technology that we've got will be the future of statues, and there won't be just an image of one person. we think that images will change as society changes. and in fact, the image that paddy thinks will draw most attention is the image of you. part of the visitor experience
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will involve getting your whole body scanned and then thrown up onto the statue for all to see. the world's most awe—inspiring selfie! you can look up and you will become the giant. you are calling this the world's biggest selfie. it is the world's biggest selfie! there's nothing like it on the planet. you can't ignore it, can you? it's so big, it's going to be gigantic. poor, poorfoolish little people. - look what you've done. with goliath ambitions, the giant company hopes to raise hundreds of millions of dollars and plans to roll out the first five by the end of this year. 0ne things for sure — the scope of that task will be enormous. when i first heard about this project, i thought it was nuts. but then i got here and i saw the scale model of the head, and i started to understand how it could work, and the technology needed to bring this to life is proven.
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it is just coloured leds. so maybe the main question is whether people will want it, but we are living in the century of the selfie, so who knows? i have a feeling they will. hello and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that huawei launched its self—developed operating system harmony os in an attempt to challenge google�*s dominance in smartphone software. bill gates and the eu announced a push for $1 billion to accelerate clean tech. and big news — ebay updated its terms of service, meaning that sellers can no longer use paypal. also this week, and a cyber attack hit the world's largest meat supplier. computer networks atjbs were hacked, temporarily shutting down some operations in australia, canada and the us. the ransomware attack could lead to shortages of meat
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or raise prices for consumers. a drone has filmed itself crashing into the lava flow of a volcano. it happened in the south—west of iceland, were drone pilot gerry helms tried capturing the volcano, which has been erupting since march. and finally, a not—at—all creepy robot which copies you. scientists at columbia university in new york used deep learning to teach robot ava to mimic the expressions are people around it. ava can express six basic emotions — anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness and surprise. the aim of the technology is to build trust between humans and robotic workers and caregivers in real—world applications, such as hospitals, schools and homes. of course, these machines are not softening us up before they become our robotic overlords. the hay festival is steeped in tradition. a place where people come
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to exchange their screens for good old —fashioned books. but the pandemic has forced even the most conventional to adapt, and this appearance has proved no gimmick. it has gone beyond digital. i am a transitioning cyborg. this is peter scott morgan, who has motor neurone disease, also known as als. but he's also a doctor of robotics and he calls himself the world's first human cyborg. peter was diagnosed with als in 2015 and decided to use technology to overcome the extreme difficulty that he knew that he would face. he said that he chose to thrive rather than die. there have been two sides to his transformation — the physical and the virtual — and in a minute, stephen fry will talk to one side about the other.
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but first, nick kwek has been looking at how peter 2.0 has been realised. today, i'm in the scottish capital of edinburgh — a city with a rich history of storytelling, where novel ideas come to life and the art of discourse has been mastered. i'm here to meet the engineers putting personality into synthetic voice. voice is part of what we are, it's part of our souls, it's the way we communicate, it betrays where we are from, our emotions, our motives, everything. doctor matthew aylett and his team have been banking peter's voice so that peter can continue to talk now it is gone. he had to have his vocal track removed, so before that happened, we recorded him extensively and then we were able to recreate his voice in a speech synthesis system so he can now type in text and it will speak exactly the way that he spoke. text—to—speech technology has been around for a while.
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we all remember microsoft sam, right? his voice sounded a tad monotonous. peter provided far more than the average voice sample recording amount — 15 hours�* worth of material. in order to make a voice, you take that audio and you use neural net system to learn how the sounds in the voice relate to the words that are being spoken. once you have that model built, you can put a new set of words in and it will produce a new output with that voice. to better convey sentiment for specific scenarios, peter captured himself speaking in four different styles. tone of voice is very important. tone of voice is very important! tone of voice is very... —— tone of voice is very important. he also tirelessly recorded 3,000 stock phrases, which he can quickly drop into conversation. a little knowledge may
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be a dangerous thing, but is not half as bad as a lot of ignorance! right, 0k. he doesn't want an automatic voice which talks for him. he wants an automatic voice which he can control. the whole idea of human—sensitive ai is to work as a partnership, peter has got a great phrase — he sort of describes it as a �*jazz combo'. it is like the idea of two systems working together to produce something which is greater than the sum of their parts. and create they have. they have taught peter 2.0 how to sing. # come with me. # and you'll be. # in a world of pure imagination! this is brilliant! # take a look... how did you manage that, then? are you willie wonka?
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again, it is about communication, notjust about the words you say. they have taken things even further by combining his synthetic voice with a virtual avatar, which is a work in progress. it's pretty amazing what technology can do these days. so, where does the ai start, and peter stop? there is a path of least resistance. if the ai says stuff in a certain way it is easy to say let's just do that, then, but then how do you get the balance right? the real key is for the al to be personalised to peter, rather thanjust being a default system. you are watching click at hay festival. that was nick, so what can peter 2.0 do? that is what stephen fry asked at this year's hay festival, and this was the answer. speaks french.
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translation: and if one day i start sounding like a classicl american newscaster it is because i can, and it seemed like an interesting idea to try. and it is still the real me. ok, here are some highlights from peter's session at the festival. stephen, it is absolutely wonderful to be talking with you. thanks so much for inviting me. it is going to be fun. i think it is, it's going to be fun and fascinating. - first things first, _ you have described yourself as a transitioning cyborg. how do you define a cyborg? cyborg is a fancy word for part human, part machine. in my case, what has never been done before is that the most important machine parts of me will be ai, not mechanics, and that all potentially gets a bit weird. not least because i am planning to use more and more ai, to look at everything from speaking to controlling things to moving about.
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i think that it is fair to say. that we could describe your journey to becoming the world's ifirst ever cyborg, real cyborg, i outside science fiction, - begins with, how can i put it, a wonky foot. my very first symptom was as you so accurately categorised, a wonky foot, but it then took a year to get a diagnosis. there is no test for mnd, there is no nausea, no pain, and usually, your brain stays as sharp as ever, and the terminal bit turns out to be negotiable. with that said, it has been dubbed the world's cruellest disease which inevitably sucks the joy out of life, but i found that the key to imagine total paralysis is to imagine that you're in a luxury spa hotel, and they insist that you put your feet up and don't
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move a muscle. it's brilliant. at one point you write . about the fork in the road which we try to get at howl humanity, notjust for you, but the word human i involves alongside ai, and for you as a living. embodiment of ai, this is something you feel passionately about. l way back in the early '805, i was preparing my dissertation for what turned out to be the first robotics phd in the uk. based on this and against the advice of both my professor and my publisher, i ended my first robotics textbook with these words — if the path of enhanced human is followed, then it will be possible for mankind and robots to remain on the same evolutionary branch rather than humanity watch
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the robot split away. in this way, mankind will one day be able to replace its all too vulnerable bodies with more permanent mechanisms and use the supercomputers as intelligence amplifiers. that was 1984. ever since, i've advocated for making ai our partner rather than rival. can you make any predictionsl as to how our daily lives might actually play out, - how they might look? especially for those with disabilities... or at extreme old age. we are at the early dawn of escaping the fear of becoming powerless and feeling trapped in an inadequate body. some people are pessimistic about al and humanity, but i have to say, from my perspective, from everything i know, i feel incredibly excited about our future. i understand that youl
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have a world—first that you have — chosen to reveal here and now, to me, and to our audience. hello, i am peter 2.0. welcome to the future. now, if there is one thing i know about lj rich it's that she loves her thrills. here she is on a vr roller—coaster from a few years ago so when we found out that legoland had a new flying theatre ride, well, there was one person we could send to find out how it works. like many of us, i often dreamt of flying as a child. i think that is why i love thrill rides and theme parks. such the harness, forget your daily worries and simply escape into the sky for a few beautiful minutes.
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this is the newly opened flight of the sky lion at legoland, the uk's first flying theatre ride and i'm lucky enough to be in before it opens to the public. the only person on one of seven gondolas spread across three floors. the ultimate in social distancing. it is a wonderful, complex mix of creativity and technology. behind the scenes, the maintenance team kindly put the ride into manual. when the ride starts the gondola rotates towards and into a concave, 20—metre high screen. here is a close—up of the motorised mechanics in action, which is surprisingly quiet. there are three for each axis, allowing for a 30 degrees swing and 23 degrees pitch, and degrees of yore, or left to right.
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and, during the ride, fragrant mist is sprayed on board canisters so that we can smell sea air baby lava dragon burps. it is clear how much the video, lighting and music add to the atmosphere. the sight, the sound, smell, the movement, to be as overwhelming as it is, and to know how the technology works, but even knowing how it works, it works on my body, physically, in a way that is quite astounding. inside the control room, the ride operator monitors the gondola's precise movements, and theo is one of those responsible for working out how exactly how it is moving and when. 0n the computer, first, we would understand where those peaks and drops are, and we would programme that in, and we would essentially go for a ride, and we would film that ride and also speak whilst we were riding it, and we had a big digital meter on the ride, so that we could
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say, at two minutes ten, we need to bring this movement back, or we need to exaggerate that big drop, at three minutes ten, we are going to bring that forward. the video creators also need to have intimate knowledge of how the ride moves. one of the first things - that we start with is the ride envelope, what are the degrees of motion? three degrees forward and back, pitch and roll, stuff _ like that, so all of those - mechanical engineering things that are built into the way - that we work with our camera. ern though the ride envelope may be x, you can trick- the brain into y, - because even though the seat only moves a little bit down, if we then continue the camera further down, - then slow down the way l that the seat moves down and speed up the camera, - you have the sense that you're going much faster than you may actually be, or you may be -
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going at a steeper rate - of descent than you actually are, so it is understanding - the mechanical engineering side of it and then kind of howl we actually trick the brain. outside, the sculptures hold 1.76 million lego bricks, they are hybrid lego animals which move when you access them through the app, and augmented reality contactless safari, and post—covid the park's director is optimistic that most of us will eventually return. the last year has been challenging with the pandemic. we've had measures in place such a social distancing, so we have had to reduce the number of people coming into the park in the first place. we collaborate with competitors on something like this. it is important that we as an industry can get guests through the door again for the longer term recovery. just time for one more ride. that was lj rich having the time of her life. we have enjoyed being back in hay and hopefully next year
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we will be back for the full shebang, don't forget, you can get us on facebook, instagram and twitter, @bbcclick, thank you for watching and we will see you soon. hello. the weather on sunday is going to be a little hit and miss, particularly across england. you're likely to have a lot more cloud around, compared to saturday, and there will be a few showers around, too, but across scotland and northern ireland, i think it is a case of sunshine right from the word go. 0n the satellite picture, you can notice this little lump of cloud drifting out of the south—west. it is a weak weather front, joining a big area of low pressure to the north
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but that will bring some showers to parts of wales, and england, from morning onwards. this is what it looks like through the early hours. you can see some rain affecting parts of devon, dorset, into wales, midlands, the stray shower in the north of scotland but, generally speaking, a clear night in scotland, northern ireland, probably the lake district as well, but many of us in england and wales will be waking up to overcast skies and it could actually stay like that through the afternoon as well but i think the biggest chance of catching some heavier showers further south into the midlands but also around wales and east anglia the best of the weather on sunday, northern ireland, scotland, the lake district should be fine as well, but modest highs, 16—18, in the south. despite the cloud and the showers, still managing around 21 in london. there is the clock, 8:00pm, 9:00pm still some showers around around in the evening across parts of england and wales. not a completely dry day but, with a bit of luck, you will have some
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prolonged sunny spells instead of heavy showers. monday, also likely to be some showers around, particularly across northern and eastern areas of the uk, so the best of the weather, although hazy at times, out towards the west but decent enough temperatures — around 22 in london, 20 in liverpool, probably nudging up to 20 in glasgow as well for monday. then, the rest of the week, tuesday, wednesday, thursday, we'll see the jetstream low pressures and weather fronts mostly between scotland and iceland, but the chance that some of these weather systems will clip the very far north—west of the uk. in the south, it is closer to their high pressure so, basically, the further south you are, the better the weather will be in the week ahead, further north, dry generally, but always a bit more cloud. that is it for me. bye— bye.
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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. g7 finance ministers agree a deal to make big tech companies pay more tax. the post—pandemic world must be fairer, especially with regard to international taxation. a uk health boss says the coronavirus vaccines have "broken the chain" between infection and serious illness. jamaica's shelly—ann fraser—pryce becomes the second—fastest woman in history with her 100m victory in kingston. and an unfriendly farewell: a chorus of boos for the first cruise ship to leave venice since the pandemic started.


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