this is bbc news. i'm ben brown live in cornwall. it is a fabulously sunny day here — but threatening to overshadow this summit are tensions between the uk and france over brexit which have resurfaced. emmanuel macron is accused of undermining the status of northern ireland as part of the uk. it is extremely offensive. again, we wouldn't dream of talking about the northern region of italy, the german... or other provinces. particularly ones where there are these nationalist pressures. we wouldn't dream of talking about those areas in those terms. today the leaders focus on climate change. sir david attenborough will tell them the choices they make will be some of the most
important in human history. the final communique has just been released but we know already there's a commitment to move away from coal—fired power stations. we'll have the latest. i'm ben mundy. the other main stories in the uk and around the world this hour... a decision on whether lockdown restrictions will be lifted in england will be announced tomorrow — with boris johnson urging caution — ahead of a possible four week delay. denmark's christian eriksen remains in a stable condition in hospital after collapsing during a match at the european championship. and the gates are open here at wembley ahead of england's opening match and the european championship kick off against croatia it is just two hours away.
hello, good afternoon. i'm here at tregenna castle — the resort in st ives in cornwall which is hosting the g7 summit, where a row between the uk and the eu over northern ireland is threatening to overshadow this meeting of world leaders. the british foreign secretary, dominic raab says the eu has acted in an "offensive" way by undermining the status of northern ireland. those comments came after the french president emmanuel macron is said to have suggested northern ireland was not part of the uk during his talks with borisjohnson. the prime minister expressed frustration to the french leader at how the eu wants to implement the northern ireland protocol — the special arrangements agreed for northern ireland as part of the brexit deal.
we can speak to our deputy policial editor vicki young who is in falmouth, just a few miles away from here. this seems to have started when borisjohnson said what if you could not move sausages from toulouse to paris? , , . ,., not move sausages from toulouse to paris? , , ., ,., �* ., paris? this is about the brexit deal that was signed _ paris? this is about the brexit deal that was signed back _ paris? this is about the brexit deal that was signed back in _ paris? this is about the brexit deal that was signed back in december. j paris? this is about the brexit deal. that was signed back in december. it means that northern ireland still follow some of the eu rules and the rest of the uk does not. that means there has to be checks on some of there has to be checks on some of the produce which goes from england, wales and scotland into northern ireland. this is proving very controversial. the eu are saying, this was obvious. you signed up to this was obvious. you signed up to this and you should have known what that would mean. it has ended up now being a bit of a row between emmanuel macron and borisjohnson. emmanuel macron and boris johnson. this emmanuel macron and borisjohnson. this is an ongoing issue that both of them have said they will sort out. for now the uk has unilaterally
decided that it will not do some of those checks and that has prompted legal action from the eu. this is an ongoing problem that they are going to have to resolve. and then it emerged in some of the newspaper overnight that during the meeting, amanda macron had suggested that northern ireland was not part of the united kingdom. this is the response from the foreign minister. he said it was a familiar argument deployed by some eu leaders. various eu figures here, but frankly, for months now and ears have characterised northern ireland as somehow a separate country. i think it is a level of misunderstanding, that is the polite way to— misunderstanding, that is the polite way to put _ misunderstanding, that is the polite way to put it. it has real repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? _ repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? yes, _ repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? yes, i— repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? yes, ithink— repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? yes, i think it- repercussions on the ground. is it offensive? yes, i think it is- offensive? yes, i think it is offensive- _ offensive? yes, i think it is offensive. we _ offensive? yes, i think it is offensive. we would - offensive? yes, i think it is offensive. we would not i offensive? yes, i think it is. offensive. we would not think offensive? yes, i think it is- offensive. we would not think about talking _ offensive. we would not think about talking about the northern region of
italy. _ talking about the northern region of italy. or— talking about the northern region of italy, or other provinces, particularly ones when they are our nationalist — particularly ones when they are our nationalist pressures. we would not dream _ nationalist pressures. we would not dream of— nationalist pressures. we would not dream of talking about those areas in those _ dream of talking about those areas in those terms. all we want is a bit of respect — in those terms. all we want is a bit of respect and flexibility from the other— of respect and flexibility from the other side. if the eu are willing to show_ other side. if the eu are willing to show that, — other side. if the eu are willing to show that, we can chart a course through — the french side tried to clarify the remarks. they have not denied he said them, but he said —— they said they were talking about the same geographical area. toulouse and paris are in the same geographical area, it's not the same as northern ireland because it is on an island. you can see how sensitive the subject is and it may not be helping the fact that they have got to try and get together and work out how all of this is going to operate in the years to come.— all of this is going to operate in the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. the years to come. vicki, thank you for that let — the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. let me _ the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. let me just _ the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. let me just ask— the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. let me just ask you, - the years to come. vicki, thank you for that. let me just ask you, also, | for that. let me just ask you, also, a lot of talk on the sidelines about brexit. but actually the big
decisions today and the centrepiece of this communique which has just been released is very much about climate change. that along with the pandemic and how to move on from it have been the central issues for this g7 summit.— have been the central issues for this g7 summit. yes, that is right. downin: this g7 summit. yes, that is right. downing street _ this g7 summit. yes, that is right. downing street has _ this g7 summit. yes, that is right. downing street has acknowledged | this g7 summit. yes, that is right. - downing street has acknowledged that there is a problem and a disagreement over northern ireland and trade there. but they say that you cannot —— what they say you are still able to make progress in other areas. sir david attenborough had a video message talking directly to the g7 leaders saying that they face the g7 leaders saying that they face the most important decisions in human history and that we could be on the verge of destabilising the entire planet. the g7 is pledging to and —— pledging to no longer invest in fuel. many developing countries look at the g7 and industrialised
nations and say you had your industrial revolution and your country has benefited from that and it's not fair to stop us from doing the same. so they are trying to come up the same. so they are trying to come up with a weight to help developing countries not burned so much fossil fuels. as well as making their own pledges on fossil fuels. hoping to have a pledge for a billion doses of covid vaccine for poor countries. it sounds like a lot, but when you think about it and when you hear the message from the head of the who, they are saying actually the world needs 11 billion if they're going to bring this pandemic to a close. thank you very much. in the last few minutes we been hearing from boris johnson. let'sjust listen minutes we been hearing from boris johnson. let's just listen to what he had to say. we johnson. let's 'ust listen to what he had to say.— johnson. let's 'ust listen to what he had to say. we have had some ureat he had to say. we have had some great discussions, _
he had to say. we have had some great discussions, but _ he had to say. we have had some great discussions, but we - he had to say. we have had some great discussions, but we are - he had to say. we have had some | great discussions, but we are now going to be talking about climate change and building back greener. all we really need the g7 or the democratic ii to do is to make some bigger commitments on climate finance, on phasing out cold, low carbon vehicles of all kind and more commitments on protecting nature and biodiversity. which is all entangled to our struggle from climate change. you don't have to hear it for me, you are going to hear it from sir david adam breaux who has given us this message. over to you, david. david adam breaux who has given us this message. overto you, david. so david attenborough. thank you, pray ministerjohnson. i am very— thank you, pray ministerjohnson. i am very honoured that you have invited — am very honoured that you have invited me — am very honoured that you have invited me to open this discussion on climate — invited me to open this discussion on climate and nature. the natural
world _ on climate and nature. the natural world today— on climate and nature. the natural world today is greatly diminished, that is_ world today is greatly diminished, that is undeniable. our climate is warming — that is undeniable. our climate is warming fast. that is beyond doubt. our societies and nations are on equal— our societies and nations are on equal and — our societies and nations are on equal and that, sadly, our societies and nations are on equaland that, sadly, is our societies and nations are on equal and that, sadly, is plain to see _ equal and that, sadly, is plain to see but — equal and that, sadly, is plain to see. but the question that we have to address — see. but the question that we have to address specifically in 2021 is that as — to address specifically in 2021 is that as a — to address specifically in 2021 is that as a result of these intertwined facts that we are on the verge _ intertwined facts that we are on the verge of— intertwined facts that we are on the verge of destabilising the entire planet — verge of destabilising the entire planet. if that is so, than the decisions _ planet. if that is so, than the decisions we make this decade in particular. — decisions we make this decade in particular, the decisions that are made _ particular, the decisions that are made by— particular, the decisions that are made by the most economically advanced — made by the most economically advanced nations are the most important in human history. have we truly pushed the earth's systems that far? — truly pushed the earth's systems that far? this graph from ice core data _ that far? this graph from ice core data shows — that far? this graph from ice core data shows temperature very ability over the _ data shows temperature very ability over the past 100,000 years. at the
start of— over the past 100,000 years. at the start of this — over the past 100,000 years. at the start of this time period modern human— start of this time period modern human being, peoplejust start of this time period modern human being, people just like you and me. _ human being, people just like you and me, were already in existence. yet over— and me, were already in existence. yet over the — and me, were already in existence. yet over the next 90,000 years, we remained — yet over the next 90,000 years, we remained a _ yet over the next 90,000 years, we remained a small number of hunter gatherers — remained a small number of hunter gatherers. we had the brainpower to create _ gatherers. we had the brainpower to create past _ gatherers. we had the brainpower to create past civilisations, but we did not— create past civilisations, but we did not do— create past civilisations, but we did not do so. the volatility of the world _ did not do so. the volatility of the world around us, made it impossible to do— world around us, made it impossible to do anything more than lived from hand to _ to do anything more than lived from hand to mouth. but then some 10,000 years ago. _ hand to mouth. but then some 10,000 years ago, something remarkable happened. the earth's climate stabilised. from this point on until 'ust stabilised. from this point on until just a _ stabilised. from this point on until just a few— stabilised. from this point on until just a few decades... so, stabilised. from this point on until just a few decades. . ._ just a few decades... so, world leaders at _ just a few decades... so, world leaders at the _ just a few decades... so, world leaders at the g7 _ just a few decades... so, world leaders at the g7 listening - just a few decades... so, world leaders at the g7 listening to l just a few decades... so, world - leaders at the g7 listening to those words, those very ominous words from sir david adam brought saying that the decisions being made now are the most important in human history. plenty of food for thought for the leaders here and last night they had plenty of food on the beach
at carbis bay with a sumptuous barbeque of scallops, crab claws and lobster though there were some criticisms of this gathering with suggestions there was precious little social distancing and also that this was a group of more than 30 people with only the staff wearing masks. we can speak to our correspondent nomia iqbal. you were watching them. give us a little bit of an insight as to what the barbecue was like.— the barbecue was like. yes, it lasted a lot — the barbecue was like. yes, it lasted a lot longer _ the barbecue was like. yes, it lasted a lot longer than - the barbecue was like. yes, it lasted a lot longer than we i lasted a lot longer than we expected. we got a really good viewpoint where we are here. just overlooking the beach where it was held. as you mention, there was criticism over the fact there was very little social distancing. the staff did have masks on. some criticisms by environmentalist groups. there are protesters here
for the summit about the fly passed by the red arrow saying it was not very eagle friendly. the barbecue was a rare opportunity for the leaders to get to know each other, let their hair down, have those difficult conversations in order to reach an agreement. decisions are notjust made in the office of the board room, it is opportunities like this where they can get to know each other. that has been the other criticism over why has the g7 summit been held in person? why could it not be done online? there's only so much that you can do online, the uk government would argument and they have said they wanted that personal interaction. we did spot boris johnson going for an early swim and a jog. and president biden has been out and about this morning as well with his wife first ladyjill biden. they attended mass at sacred heart church. we will get at the end of
the day, that communique that document which lets us know what they have all agreed on. always worth remembering, the document is not legally binding. the g7 cannot pass any laws, because they are made up pass any laws, because they are made up of individual nations with their own democratic processes. what they can do is come to agreement to things which can go on to be very influential. things which can go on to be very influential-— influential. the visit to the church, the _ influential. the visit to the church, the catholic - influential. the visit to the | church, the catholic church influential. the visit to the i church, the catholic church in st ives by president biden and the first lady, there was quite a motorcade going there. going down the very small roads they're leading up the very small roads they're leading up to the church. it is quite a carbon footprint, isn't it? it is. the motorcade _ carbon footprint, isn't it? it is. the motorcade really - carbon footprint, isn't it? it is. the motorcade really does, i carbon footprint, isn't it? it is. the motorcade really does, as| carbon footprint, isn't it? it 3 the motorcade really does, as we've seen it go pass a few times, it really does take up the streets. so much of the security is largely down to the american presence. we know the us presidents do not travel
lightly. there will be criticism that the carbon footprint is huge, why could this not be done online. and the fact they are talking about climate change today as well and how to tackle that issue, the world will be waiting to see what agreement they come up with. i want to add, they come up with. i want to add, the big elephant in the room is the fact that the world's largest in midair of greenhouse gases is not here, which is china. g7 leaders particularly president biden had a lot to say about the growing influence of china. he's trying to use the pandemic to say to the world that our challenges about global democracies and more authoritarian ones like china you have to pick which you want. china has hit back. the spokesperson for the lumpen embassy said that long gone are the days when groups of small countries
decided the fate of the world. i think it is going to be interesting to see what consent since —— what consensus the g7 come up with. they don't want to necessarily get in a fight with china. it is a decision of do we see china as a competitor, a threat, or a partner? of do we see china as a competitor, a threat, ora partner? might of do we see china as a competitor, a threat, or a partner? might seem china is mentioned in the communique which we are later this afternoon. —— let's see if china is mentioned in the communique. as the g7 summit draws to a close, the us president and first lady will make their way to windsor castle this afternoon, where they will meet the queen. joe biden and his wife jill will be welcomed by a guard of honour, followed by tea at the royal residence. he will be the 13th us leader the queen has met during her reign. our royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports.
a quite incredible statistic that. it's a busy weekend for the queen. on friday evening, she was in cornwall, meeting the g7 leaders and posing with them for a group photograph. are you supposed to be looking as if you're enjoying it? yes. yesterday at windsor, she watched a scaled down trooping the colour, marking her 95th birthday. and it will be at windsor castle this afternoon that she will welcome president biden and the first lady. no—one else in public life can have met as many us presidents as the queen. during the nearly 70 years of her reign, she has met 12 of them. notably, in the early 1960s, she met presidentjohn f kennedy and his wife jacqueline. in the 1980s, she and president ronald reagan were brought together through their shared love of horses. they went riding together during the president's visit to windsor. there appeared to be rather less
affinity during the most recent presidential visit to windsor — that was in 2018, when donald trump and his wife came for tea. that visit is principally remembered for the president having walked in front of the queen as they inspected a guard of honour. but all the presidential visitors have one thing in common — a respect for a monarch who is now the world's longest—serving head of state and who, for all her non—political role, is able, in subtle ways, to underpin britain's reputation. nicholas witchell, bbc news. coaches were going to now talk a little bit more about what this she summit —— we know that borisjohnson was talking about building back better. and more feminine. that was
taken as a reference to education. we welcome the commitment of extra funding to girls education from the uk government, what we know is that is being done by cutting current successful programmes in education. we know that there is a 25% cut to the uk's funding of education around the uk's funding of education around the world this year. i think that commitment to fight for the causes of women and girls education has come through robbing peter to pay paul. i am very disappointed in the end that we have very nice words, but we have not seen the money behind that commitment. that but we have not seen the money behind that commitment. that was one ofthe behind that commitment. that was one of the controversies _ behind that commitment. that was one of the controversies to _ behind that commitment. that was one of the controversies to the _ behind that commitment. that was one of the controversies to the build-up i of the controversies to the build—up to the summit. the cuts to education spending. i to the summit. the cuts to education s-aendin. ~ ., to the summit. the cuts to education s-aendin. ,, ., ., ., ,
spending. i think a lot of us, including _ spending. i think a lot of us, including -- _ spending. i think a lot of us, including -- l— spending. i think a lot of us, including -- i think - spending. i think a lot of us, including -- i think a - spending. i think a lot of us, including -- i think a lot i spending. i think a lot of us, including -- i think a lot of. spending. i think a lot of us, | including -- i think a lot of us spending. i think a lot of us, i including -- i think a lot of us are including —— i think a lot of us are quite sad to see the damage that being done. the funding that was cut. we were hoping there would be some really positive action and commitments from the g7 to correct that wrong, but i think unfortunately they uk's decision to cut the budget so dramatically at the worst possible time has really meant that boris johnson has the worst possible time has really meant that borisjohnson has been negotiating with both hands behind his back. we are the only g7 country cutting their aid budget at the moment. and the aid budget is the only bit of the uk's government budget that has been cut at all. it weakens the influence of the uk could have shown this year hosting the g7 summit. it is a once and a generation opportunity to put the correction of the inequalities that women and girls face centre stage as we tried to build back after covid.
unfortunately that opportunity has been missed this time round. ﬁn unfortunately that opportunity has been missed this time round. on the other hand boris _ been missed this time round. on the other hand boris johnson _ been missed this time round. on the other hand boris johnson would i been missed this time round. on the other hand boris johnson would say, | other hand borisjohnson would say, hang on, we have given the world of the astrazeneca vaccine. we are promising 100 million doses of the vaccine to poorer nations. we are making big spending commitments on climate change. it is making big spending commitments on climate change-— climate change. it is great to see the prosoect _ climate change. it is great to see the prosoect of— climate change. it is great to see the prospect of more _ climate change. it is great to see the prospect of more doses i climate change. it is great to see| the prospect of more doses being donated, but we also an need for the patents to be waived and the technology to be shared. so countries around the world can do what we have done manufacture enough doses to vaccinate their own people. i doses to vaccinate their own people. 1 billion doses have been promised, but we need 11 billion. we need them now. not in two years. until the whole world is vaccinated none of us are say. we don't think about the other impacts of covid, but we have
seen it in appalling increase of economic inequality particularly for women and girls around the world. and a really frightening increase of violence against women and girls which is a direct result of the pressures of the pandemic. it will not help us to come out of this moment if all we tackle is the vaccine. we need to be putting policies, funding into place to prevent violence against women and girls around the world which is a shadow pandemic which is stalking the globe right now. unfortunately the globe right now. unfortunately the uk government has made public statements, which we really welcome about violence against women and girls, behind the scenes, the funding is disappearing. frances longley is ceo of actionaid — the international charity.
borisjohnson was spotted this morning going for an early morning swim. he has a press conference coming up this afternoon to talk about whether or not he will lift the restrictions of the pandemic. and also talk about the french row. the g7 is coming to an end now. the chinese, pouring a little bit of cold water on the summit because china is not part of the g7, saying that the days when global decisions were dictated by a small group of countries is long gone. from cornwall, back to you in the studio. we will stick with that decision. a decision on whether to lift all of england's lockdown restrictions on the 21st ofjune is expected to be taken later. this before the prime minister makes an announcement tomorrow, however he has already said the government must "be cautious"
as hospital admissions increase. simonjones has this report. a barbecue on the beach last night at the g7 summit in cornwall. but borisjohnson, enjoying a drink, has a lot on his mind — whether the lifting of the remaining coronavirus restrictions in england should go ahead as scheduled on the 21st ofjune, with caution the watchword. you've got to be cautious in order to deliver what we want to see, which is an irreversible road map, but we're looking at the data today. again, you've got hospitalisations up, you've got cases up. there are grounds for caution. that doesn't mean that this country hasn't made enormous progress with vaccination. clearly, what you've got is a race between the vaccines and the virus and the vaccines are going to win, it's just a question of the pace. surge testing in the london borough of kingston to try to identify cases of the delta variant first discovered in india. it's the rapid rise in numbers that is causing the potential
rethink, which could see a delay of a month to the lockdown being declared over, with an inevitable impact on the economy. although nightlife has returned to towns and cities, many venues are operating at far below their capacity with food and drink having to be ordered at tables. so any further delay in the lifting of lockdown will come as a bitter blow to businesses. they were hoping that removing limits on social contact would allow pubs, clubs, theatres and cinemas to operate how they used to, before the pandemic. not really sure about a week's time. i think it needs to be done with more thought. obviously, this is a bit crazy. i think thought needs to go into it but definitely, people are not gonna do another lockdown. ijust feel like we should just go with june 21st. because the rates are going down, no? up. they're going up? i thought they were going down! yeah, for that reason, i understand why it's getting pushed back. the plan for what happens next is expected to be signed off later today, though it's not due to be made public until monday. simon jones, bbc news.
professor andrew hayward, from university college london, advises the government's sage committee. he told the bbc�*s andrew marr show that the uk faces a challenging period ahead. i think it's now very clear that we will have a substantial third wave of infections. the really big question is how much that wave of infections will translate into hospitalisations. the fact we have 55% of the adult population double—vaccinated means that will be substantially less bad than it could have been but we still don't know exactly how that could be. israel is expected to swear in a new coalition government later — ending benjamin netanyahu s12—year run as leader there. overnight, protesters gathered in front of the prime minister's residence to celebrate the forthcoming vote. under a power—sharing agreement, naftali bennett will serve as prime ministerfor two years — before handing over to yair lapid.
a mystery bidder has paid £20 million for a seat on the first crewed space flight organised by the amazon founder, jeff bezos. they'll accompany the tycoon and his brother, mark, on the flight next month — which is expected to last 10 minutes. the winning bid was made at saturday's auction, with bezos' blue origin company tweeting that the winner's identity would be revealed in the coming weeks. you are watching bbc news. the danish midfielder, christian eriksen, remains in a stable condition in hospital, after collapsing during his country's euro 2020 match against finland. the danish fa says he was able to speak to them, and sent a message to his team mates. medics confirmed the 29—year old received life—saving cpr on the pitch. football clubs and players across the world have sent messages of support. the game was suspended, but later resumed at the request of both teams. my colleague olly fosterjoins me
from outside wembley stadium. good afternoon. good to see you. christian eriksen is in a stable condition, do we know any more? just a hue condition, do we know any more? just a huge sense of relief after the events of yesterday. with the eyes of the world on copenhagen. incredibly distressing and traumatic scenes after the collapse of their 29—year—old star player christian eriksen. the danish football association have said that yes, he is stable and has been speaking to his team—mates, which is really good news, obviously. after what everybody went through yesterday, the trauma and the distress. so many deeply affected by those shocking scenes. the players and the danish staff have been receiving counciling if they need it. it was down to the players. they were given the decision to play their match, but they chose to do it. they still had half the match to play against
finland, and they went on to lose it. but that is insignificant to the very fact that christian eriksen is stable when so many feared the worst. , . , , worst. this has been felt right across football. _ worst. this has been felt right across football. england i worst. this has been felt right across football. england will. worst. this has been felt right l across football. england will get their group going later this afternoon in spite of the press briefing being cancelled. jt’s afternoon in spite of the press briefing being cancelled. it's going to brina briefing being cancelled. it's going to bring back _ briefing being cancelled. it's going to bring back so _ briefing being cancelled. it's going to bring back so many _ briefing being cancelled. it's going to bring back so many memories l briefing being cancelled. it's going | to bring back so many memories of the world cup semifinal. a fantastic scene here. football fans are so pleased to be getting back into the swing of things. they have to show a negative lateral flow test in order to get in. it is what it takes to watch football these days. it will be three quarters md. but that is
still 22,000 fans more or less. it is a very tough opener. croatia know their way around major championships. they have never lost an opening match. england have never won an opening european championship match. this is the tenth time at it. this is a very young squad. we will see how southgate will be able to work with this. is got a couple of injury concerns. harry maguire almost certainly will not start, so thatis almost certainly will not start, so that is going to affect his line—up, but obviously so much anticipation for what england feel is almost a home tournament because should they go all the way to the final, they will have played six of their seven
matches here at wembley stadium. something that the croatian captain said is slightly unfair. but spain are playing all their matches at home. so are germany as well. so thatis home. so are germany as well. so that is just the way the draw has fallen. so much anticipation about this group. the england players will take the knee later with the backing of gareth southgate and borisjohnson. yes, and croatia will not. this is something that we will see quite a lot during the tournament, some teams choosing not to take the knee. england having to get their message across because in both of their warm up across because in both of their warm up matches against austria and romania, just last week, some fans did do when they took a knee, but england keen to get the message
across, saying this is not a political statement, this is a gesture that we are against racism and discrimination in society and why did you boo that. croatia said, they will not be taking the knee but that does not mean they are not against forms of discrimination. england certainly sticking to their guns and seeing that their players will take a knee. now it's time for a look at the weather with matt taylor. hello. sunny spells in the afternoon. graced in the highlands. this
evening and overnight, outbreaks of rain for scotland and northern ireland. a humid night across the south. that humid air will be gradually squeeze to the far south—east corner through mandate. sunny spells. with the humid air still in place, 28, 20 nine celsius is still possible. slightly fresher air into the south in tuesday. now on bbc news, click.
coventry was once the heart of british automotive manufacturing, dubbed britain's motor city. but it's moved with the times. now hosting the institute for future transport and cities at coventry university, playing an important part in the future of autonomous, sustainable and connected transport. for a few years now, we've been told that driverless cars are just around the corner. and on this programme, we've taken a few for a spin. but before they can truly become a reality, we need to know that we can trust them just as much, if not more, than a human driver. and if this driverless world comes about, it will be transformative — not just for the drivers,
but also for the cities, so we may need to rethink some of the basics. we're used to a lot of congestion on our roads but it seems here like this model of autonomous vehicles seems to actually overcome some of that congestion. so we know that people spend a lot of time driving around cities, creating congestion, looking for a parking space. with fully autonomous parking, you need fewer spaces. so that will reduce the requirement in infrastructure and in cities for the real estate needed for parking solutions. the vehicle will literally drive itself into a car park, find its spot, recognise the white lines and pull in and park itself. clearly, the technology has come a long way, but before our streets can be filled with autonomous vehicles, the companies need to figure out how to train them and we as a society need to be confident with the rules and the choices that we allow them to make. zoe kleinman's been
finding out more. this is what we were promised. i took a ride in this truly driverless car from russia around the streets of las vegas last year. it was both terrifying and weirdly underwhelming. turns out the car was a much more sensible driver than most humans i know. it took me three attempts to pass my driving test — none of it was my fault, obviously! — but perhaps i should have come here to cambridge, where the tech firm five has developed a sort of driving school for driverless cars. five runs endless simulations to ensure that driverless car tech responds safely to challenges on the roads. one small scenario has nearly 500,000 possible variations. like me, our virtual car does not pass every test first time in the simulation. any driver will tell you it's those unusual moments on the road that you weren't expecting that pose the most danger. a kangaroo runs out in front of you.
what? it's happened! it prompted the firm drisk to created the world's largest virtual library of edge cases. we are creating the first true driving test for autonomous vehicles, and the idea behind it is when autonomous vehicles are arriving in the uk, how will the government know that they are safe for uk streets? but getting the data to build the library hasn't been easy because people don't tend to report near misses. we've had stories of people driving around roundabouts and seeing somebody take the wrong turn and driving along the motorway the wrong way. one individual described an experience of having sheep appearing from nowhere as they were turning around a corner. this driverless car is like a bit of a hive mind. there is a fleet of them currently driving around london, clocking up hours and hours and hours of experience, which they then all use in order to make them better drivers. london—based wayve doesn't actually make its own cars. instead, it builds the brains for others.
we're not going to get there by taking technology from one or two decades ago and trying to commercialise it with brute force and billions of dollars of capital. things like machine learning — this is the technology that is going to power the future. wayve's idea is that its cars record theirjourneys, share their data with a central hq and the useful bits feed into its learning and then back out to all of the vehicles with its brains in their boots. try having a go at the moral machine — a game set up by mit scientists to explore how humans think driverless cars should react in various scenarios. warning — they're all horrible. oh, this isjust awful! you saw examples where people were willing to sacrifice poorer people to save richer people, or heavier people to save more athletic people. what i would consider to be immoral, yeah. fortunately, none of us is in charge of deciding who cars should kill,
but that's not what's holding them back. when we think of self—driving cars, it's easy to forget quite how much we as humans actually do when we're driving, so the future of autonomous vehicles not only relies on navigating difficult roads, but also reacting to new situations, and now potentially passing a government driving test. and i don't know many humans who pass their test first time. zoe there. now, when it comes to the future of transport, sustainability is key — and that's notjust on the ground. up in the skies, the race is on to decarbonise aviation. companies are looking at different ways to be able to make air travel more environmentally friendly. and marc cieslak�*s been looking at some of the more dramatic solutions. here's the problem. the environment.
we as a species are negatively impacting it in lots of different ways. aviation contributes to just over 2% of global emissions. pre—pandemic, the number was predicted to rise fast. the problem with aeroplanes are those. and the fuel that they run on pollutes the environment when it's made and when it's used, so engineers, scientists and aerospace companies are looking at ways of cleaning up the stuff that comes out of those. if we're going to allow people to keep on travelling, then we're going to have to make aircraft which are far more efficient. and so there will be a real pressure to develop technologies, new shapes of aircraft, new propulsion systems that fundamentally reduce the fuel burn of aircraft.
here at the university of cambridge's whittle laboratory, they specialise in work relating to turbomachinery. there are several projects and technologies being developed here that are considering sustainability and new methods of powering aircraft. there's a wide variety of different projects under way encompassing different kinds of aircraft, from new engines and components for big commercial airliners to projects like this one — testing out the efficiency of distributing lots of electrically powered propellers across an aircraft's wing. so one of the advantages of electric propulsion is that rather than having one or two largejet engines, you could have many smaller electric motors powering the aircraft and they have a very similar efficiency, whether they are very small or very large, so we might see aircraft with maybe a dozen propellers in front of them and that allows us to design smaller
wings and more efficient wings. solutions like this have potential for smaller, lower—range aircraft, but for bigger aeroplanes with longer range, the look and design of the outside and inside of these airliners that we're all familiar with could change, leading us to designs like this one — the blended wing. concepts like this offer big advantages in terms of saving fuel due to the aircraft's shape, generating large amounts of lift. they also reduce noise as a result of the engines being mounted above the wing. and more recently, there are blended wing concepts exploring hydrogen as a fuel source that produces zero harmful emissions. but these radical designs, like the blended wing, come with their own issues. the technology is very important but it's getting the infrastructure to go with that technology which would radically change on the airport level as well. it would change the fuel that implies an entire
infrastructure to bring that fuel into the airport as well. they'll also do away with windows for passengers. the wing blending into the cabin means you just can't have them. instead, there's a suggestion that passengers will have virtual screens, which should make up for the lack of a real view. well, that's where hybrid technologies come in — aircraft which look like a conventional airliner with gas engines on the wings but with an additional electric fan behind the tail. this is a concept known as boundary layer ingestion. now, boundary layer ingestion is a technology which is aimed at taking the flow that forms over the surface of an aircraft, the flow that's on the surface is what usually forms the wake behind an aircraft and causes the drag.
the idea we have is to have a fan that's wrapped around the back of the fuselage and so itjust ingests all of this parasitic flow at the back of the aircraft and takes that in and re—energises it and turns it into useful thrust. time is the enemy here, though. aerospace is traditionally a very conservative industry. can a significant amount of research and development occur in time to address the world's urgent climate issues? so if we're going to decarbonise aviation by 2050, then we need to get down to 1980s levels of emissions by 2030. so if you're looking at radically new concepts, you need to be able to work in a hardware—rich environment, you need to be able to build and test a lot of things, because many of those ideas are going to fail. in the future, commercial aircraft will undoubtedly be more environmentally friendly.
but we as individuals will also need to address the impact of and the amount of flying that we all make. that is it for the short version of our future of transport special. the full—length programme can be found on a player through the week you can keep up with their team on social media. find us on youtube, instagram and facebook and twitter at @bbcclick.
stations. there is an old saying at summits, when a diplomat says it is going swimmingly, there is a row. european leaders want britain to stick to a deal meaning there would be trade checks across the irish sea. divisive and is resisting an export ban on sausages. behind the smiles yesterday, mrjohnson asked president macron thought he would do if toulouse sausages couldn't be moved to paris. the french leader reportedly said there was no comparison because the two cities were in the same country. the suggestion northern ireland was not part of the uk infuriated ministers. yeah, i think it is offensive. again, we wouldn't dream of talking of the northern region of italy, the german lands or other provinces, particularly ones where there are
these nationalist pressures, we wouldn't dream of talking about those areas in those terms. we want a bit of respect from the other side, a bit of flexibility. french spokesmen — side, a bit of flexibility. french spokesmen insisted _ side, a bit of flexibility. french spokesmen insisted mr - side, a bit of flexibility. french| spokesmen insisted mr macron side, a bit of flexibility. french - spokesmen insisted mr macron merely said northern ireland was on an island and the geographic situations were different, but once again it cast a shadow over g7 leaders focusing today on the environment. the fear among protesters in cornwall is the g7 won't promise developing countries enough money to tackle the effects of climate change. other campaigners say the 1 billion doses of covid vaccines the g7 is promising poorer countries is too little, too late. j g7 is promising poorer countries is too little, too late.— too little, too late. i think this summit l'm — too little, too late. i think this summit i'm afraid _ too little, too late. i think this summit i'm afraid will- too little, too late. i think this summit i'm afraid will also i too little, too late. i think this summit i'm afraid will also go| too little, too late. i think this i summit i'm afraid will also go down as an unforgivable moral failure when the richest countries are sitting round the table with the power to do something about it now that we have discovered the vaccine, and we have not set out the comprehensive plan that will deliver vaccination by the middle of next year. vaccination by the middle of next ear. ., , , , vaccination by the middle of next ear. ., , , ., year. from the fly pasts to the beaches. _ year. from the fly pasts to the
beaches, this _ year. from the fly pasts to the beaches, this summit - year. from the fly pasts to the beaches, this summit was i year. from the fly pasts to the i beaches, this summit was designed year. from the fly pasts to the - beaches, this summit was designed to beaches, this summit was designed to be a showcase of cooperation among liberal democracies around the world. that has proved something of a challenge closer to home. and james joins us now. the prime ministerjuggling these final g7 meetings ahead of a big lockdown decision. yeah, absolutely. officials are making clear no final decision has been made. the prime minister will leave from cornwall today and go back to london for meetings on this issue, and then also meetings tomorrow before that decision is made, but it is clearly pointing in one direction — toward some kind of delay of the lifting of the final restrictions. the key phrases the prime minister and ministers have been using in the last 2a hours is caution and irreversible. in other words, when they make that decision to lift those regulations and controls, they don't want to have to go ahead and reimpose them for four weeks, two months or whatever in the
future. they want to go carefully, and the key thing that is concerning them is transmissibility. dominic raab the foreign secretary was making clear this morning that they want to make sure the link between transmission and going to hospital is severed as much as possible. james, many thanks. james landale, our diplomatic correspondent. well, as we've been hearing, the prime minister is due to give an update tomorrow on lifting covid—19 restrictions in england. this morning, the foreign secretary said the vaccination programme had weakened the link between infections and the numbers needing hospital treatment. but others warn that going ahead with unlocking could "fan the flames" of the pandemic. our health correspondent jim reed reports. this is not really the position ministers wanted to be in this weekend. tomorrow a crucial decision needs to be made — whether to go ahead with the final stage of unlocking in england a week later. but the emergence of the delta — or india — variant has made that call more difficult. it now makes up almost all new cases and may be 60% more transmissible
than the older kent — or alpha — strain. at the moment, infections are still far below the levels seen injanuary, but they have been doubling every week in some parts of england and scotland. speaking on the andrew marr programme, a government adviser said relaxing restrictions further could fan the flames of the pandemic. the way i look at it is with, you know, if we're driving down a road and you're coming up to a bend and you're not quite sure what's around that bend but you think there might be something bad, you don't put your foot on the accelerator — if anything, you slow down, not speed up — and i think it's analogous to that. i think we've got to be really cautious. the key question is whether that rise in infections will lead to a significant spike in hospital admissions. vaccinations should help prevent that, but just 56% of adults have had a second dose, leaving many millions not yet fully protected. ministers say the latest data
on that link between rising cases and severe disease will be critical ahead of the decision on whether to press ahead with unlocking onjune 21st. jim reed, bbc news. israel's prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, is expected to be ousted after 12 years in power later, when parliament votes on a new government. an unprecedented coalition of parties has a majority ofjust one seat. the prospective government would end more than two years of political paralysis there, in which three elections resulted in stalemate. football clubs and players across the world have sent messages of support to the danish midfielder christian eriksen. he collapsed during his country's european championship match against finland yesterday, but is now conscious in hospital. medics have confirmed the former tottenham star received heart massage on the pitch. our europe correspondent, nick beake, is in copenhagen. nick.
the medics here at the university hospital are continuing their work, carrying out more tests trying to work out why a seemingly fit and healthy 29—year—old collapsed last night, but there has been really encouraging news from the danish football association today, saying they have been able to speak to the player, and that he wanted to send his best wishes to the colleagues, the team—mates, last night, who form that quite incredible human chain as he was receiving the life—saving treatment on the pitch. there was also thanks in particularforfans across the world, but also the danish and british royalfamilies, because there is a link with the united kingdom. christian eriksen played for seven seasons in north london at tottenham hotspur, but there is certainly a feeling today that football fans far and wide are sharing in this sense of relief, and even though denmark lost the game last night, there is a headline here today which says denmark lost, but life won.
on the pitch, the tournament continues. thousands of fans are heading to wembley stadium to watch england start their euro 2020 campaign. in just over an hour's time, gareth southgate's side face croatia — the team that knocked them out of the world cup semi—finals three years ago. our sport correspondent, natalie pirks, is at wembley for us. it's some opening game, natalie? yeah, around 22,500 people here, the biggest crowd since the start of the pandemic. they are flooding in, putting up theirflags, and let me tell you, it is hot here pitch side. harry maguire, is expected not fit enough to start, so gareth southgate has gone with a back four. rice phillips and mount in midfield, with raheem sterling and harry kane leading the line. southgate has urged his side to bring everything as they try and win the euros for the first time. they need to get off to a win, something they have never
achieved in the history of the competition. nine of the squad... they have collectively decided to continue taking the need for racial equality. croatia will not, and there are fears that some fans could be booing them. last night, the fa issued a statement saying the association is not allied to any political ideology. they said, they will do their best for you, please do your best to them. natalie, enjoy the game. cricket, and new zealand have secured their first test series win in england since 1999. they needed just an hour this morning at edgbaston to reach their second innings target of 38 — having bowled england out for 122 in their second innings. the comprehensive victory means new zealand take the two—test series 1—0. you can see more on all of today's stories on the bbc news channel.
east of scotland. 28, 29 at wembley for england's opening match against croatia. you will need water. things turning fresh across scotland and northern ireland as a weather front pushes south. the few sports warmer. a weather front, to the south and east, humid airare a weather front, to the south and east, humid air are gradually being squeezed out through the day. fresher across the north. sunshine and showers in scotland and northern ireland. this is the weather front that starts with cloud and patchy rain or drizzle, pushes south, by the end of the day it is the south and east where the humid air last longest. big contrast on monday. contrasts are not as stark on tuesday. high
roots back. another wave of tropical air from the west later. cloud and outbreaks of rain into the west of northern ireland and scotland. best of the sunshine for england and wales. temperatures in the south not as hot and humid as and monday. still warm and elsewhere temperatures creeping up once again. a humid night. outbreaks of rain in and northern ireland. more in the way of humid airfrom the and northern ireland. more in the way of humid air from the south. temperatures potentially 29, 30 celsius in the south—east corner. there could be storms into wednesday night.
this is bbc news. i'm ben mundy. the headlines at one... tensions between britain and france over brexit threaten to overshadow the g7 summit in cornwall after emmanuel macron is accused of suggesting that northern ireland is not part of the uk. it is extremely offensive. again, we wouldn't dream of talking about the northern region of italy, the german lander or other provinces. particularly ones where there are these nationalist pressures. we wouldn't dream of talking about those areas in those terms. today the leaders focus on climate change. sir david attenborough tells the g7, the choices they make will be some of the most important in human history. borisjohnson urges cautions ahead of a decision on whether lockdown restrictions will be lifted in england — with the possibility of a four week delay.