this is bbc news. the headlines: a warning of a "code red for humanity" by the united nations. a report — described as a major wake—up call — says carbon emissions have warmed the climate in every part of the world. borisjohnson said the report "makes for sobering reading". labour is demanding more government action now. it is not the kind outside the problem now, it is claimed and it is, does not accept there it's a problem but not going quickly enough and the panic that in that category. and the panic that in that category. there are sound bites but not enough action. it comes as people are forced leave their homes in parts of greece and in california, where wildfires are continuing to burn out of control.
no more social distancing — almost all coronavirus restrictions are now lifted in scotland; though nicola sturgeon warns the pandemic isn't over. belarus' president lukashenko calls britain "america's lapdog" — after the foreign office imposes economic sanctions on belarus for the first time since his disputed re—election and — team gb�*s athletes have landed back in the uk, after one of their most successful olympic games — with a haul of 65 medals. a code red for humanity —
that's how the biggest ever report on climate change is being described by the un secretary general. the study, produced by hundreds of the world's top scientists and signed off by all the world's governments, says it's unequivocal that human activities are responsible for global warming. the report describes an overheating world slipping into crisis — with more weather extremes and rising temperatures in the coming years. the government's climate co—ordinator alok sharma says the report is a stark warning about the need to cut emissions. here's our energy and environment analyst roger harrabin. sirens. wildfires are blazing through turkey and greece. they're rushing through california, too. in previous years, the panel wouldn't have been confident to blame climate change for the heatwaves behind the fires. not now. it tells us that it is indisputable that human activities are causing
climate change and making extreme weather events more frequent and severe. second, it shows that climate change is affecting every region on our planet. the world listened, but didn't hear. the world listened, but it didn't act strongly enough. and as a result, climate change is a problem that is here now. nobody's safe, and it's getting worse faster. that increased heat will change weather patterns, bringing more droughts, heatwaves and more rainfall, researchers say. this continuing warming of the planet has very . severe consequences. we're already seeing increases in the intensity and frequencyl of heatwaves around the world. we're already seeing changes to extreme rainfall. _ london was shocked to find areas under water a few weeks ago. rainfall patterns are hard to predict, but experts say
northern europe will become wetter overall. london's hampstead ponds... they've already had to raise and reinforce the dams to protect hundreds of homes downstream from the sort of floods expected in extreme rains that are forecast to come. the cost has been huge. we're already paying the price of ignoring scientists' warnings on climate change. ice in the arctic is melting faster than many scientists predicted. it's leading to sea—level rise, which in turn increases coastal flooding. the seas will keep rising for may be thousands of years because the ocean deep has absorbed so much heat already. if we do have immediate, rapid and large—scale reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, we can still limit warming to 1.5 degrees above the late 1800s, but if we don't enact the policies and pledges that we already have in place, and in fact if we don't
make those stronger, then we won't meet that target. political attitudes are changing. the uk is getting electric cars, for instance. we need clean technology for home heating, too. in the words of one leading scientist, we're not doomed, but if we want to avoid catastrophe, we have to drastically cut emissions — now. roger harrabin, bbc news. the man in charge of the cop26 climate conference has welcomed the un report. alok sharma warned that many countries still weren't doing enough to limit the effects of global warming on the planet. i think what we have seen from the ipcc today is a report which paints in very stark terms why this is going to be the decisive decade in terms of climate action being taken by all countries across the world.
the good news is, the door is still ajar and there is still time to act but the door is closing and i think there will come a point where it would be irreversible. and that's why, to avoid catastrophic climate change, we need to take action now — that's the message i'm taking to world leaders across the globe. of course we want, at cop26, to be able to say with credibility that we have kept the goal of limiting global temperature rises to 1.5 degrees within reach. how much arm—twisting have you got to do between now and the summit, to make sure the door remains ajar? we have seen in the past months since we took over the presidency of cop26 that we have gone from 30% of the global economy being covered by a net zero emissions target up to 70% so we have made progress. all the g7 countries have come forward with ambitious plans to cut emissions in the near term and also on a trajectory to net zero by 2050
but of course we need all countries to come forward, especially the g20 nations — they together represent 80% of global emissions and 85% of the global economy and that's why we need to see further action from them. alok sharma, there. the labour leader sir keir starmer was asked for his reaction to the un report — let's have a listen to what he said. it is the starkest to mandate that the climate crisis is because here and file. many people think this is about 2050. what we do between now and 2030 is crucially important. it also underlines that it's not climate deniers that are the problem now, it is climate data layers. those that accept it is a problem but are not going quickly enough and the pending estate in that category. he has got a lot of sound bites but not enough action on climate change
and going into cop 26 that need to change rapidly. we need something that matches the scale of the crisis. in the labour party has said that for example we meet £30 billion of investment in debtjobs for the future creating 400,000 jobs for the future. it is that sort of ambition that we need. not sound bites that are not backed up by action. the young swedish activist greta thunberg says she now hopes to attend the cop26 summit in glasgow if all the delegates are vaccinated. she also said the world must take heed of the dire report by the u.n. climate panel. this report does not tell us what to do and it does not say you have to do this and then do this — it does not provide us with such solutions or say that you need to do this, and that is up to us. we are the ones who need to take the decisions and we are the ones who need to be brave and ask
the difficult questions to ourselves, like what we value, are we ready to take action to make sure of our future and present living conditions? let's get more on this and speak to professor corinne le quere, royal society research professor of climate change science at university of east anglia. she is a member of the uk committee on climate change and has been involved with two previous ipcc assessment reports. good afternoon professor. good afternoon- _ good afternoon professor. good afternoon. people _ good afternoon professor. good afternoon. people listening - good afternoon professor. good afternoon. people listening to i good afternoon professor. good | afternoon. people listening to all of these conflicts _ afternoon. people listening to all of these conflicts this _ afternoon. people listening to all of these conflicts this afternoon | of these conflicts this afternoon and reading some of them at points, would they be forgiven for thinking, having scientists then telling us this for decades?— having scientists then telling us this for decades? absolutely. what is new about _ this for decades? absolutely. what is new about the _ this for decades? absolutely. what is new about the report _ this for decades? absolutely. what is new about the report today - this for decades? absolutely. what is new about the report today is - is new about the report today is that to are now able to demonstrate that to are now able to demonstrate that humans are causing climate change, all of the climate change
that we have observed over the past hundred years. of quest on top of the variability from year—to—year and it's the first demonstration, the most convincing demonstration. it's actually a team to proof of what has come out today and also this report demonstrates that human influence impacts extreme weather events and this has been said very clearly in this report today. the oint is, clearly in this report today. the point is, human _ clearly in this report today. the point is, human activity is causing this which means by definition if we change our activities we can at least stop being getting any worse if we act quickly, is that fair to say? if we act quickly, is that fair to sa ? �* , ., ., if we act quickly, is that fair to sa ? �*, ., ., ., say? it's fair to say. that right because humans _ say? it's fair to say. that right because humans are - say? it's fair to say. that right because humans are causing l say? it's fair to say. that right - because humans are causing climate to warm and the warming of the future is not inevitable, in fact if we stop making c02 greenhouse gases
than the climate will stabilise. that's one of the key messages of the report and until we stop using fossil fuels that plaintiff will continue to warm and that's dependent of the evidence that is published today. ﬁnd dependent of the evidence that is published today.— published today. and that is dependent _ published today. and that is dependent on _ published today. and that is dependent on the _ published today. and that is dependent on the career - published today. and that is | dependent on the career and published today. and that is i dependent on the career and it published today. and that is - dependent on the career and it also depending on lots of countries working together and as we know in so many scenarios, that is something thatis so many scenarios, that is something that is very difficult to achieve. that is absolutely correct. what matters is the global emissions of c02 and that means all countries have to stop the emissions and all countries can in fact continue while the other is stop at least some of the other is stop at least some of the biggest countries and therefore international discussion and
international discussion and international agreements have to work to bring the country together and a league is not only fair, but ambitious arm that deliveries these machines that are needed here. can i ask from a personal _ machines that are needed here. can i ask from a personal perspective whether you have any confidence, any optimism that something could be changed? because it is such a big ask. we talk about the conference in november, do you have any confidence that bing's rear move as a result of all the countries coming together and discussing it?— and discussing it? absolutely. thin . s and discussing it? absolutely. things have — and discussing it? absolutely. things have moved _ and discussing it? absolutely. . things have moved tremendously in the past few years. secondly, not enough and not rapidly enough but disappoint, with the fact that we now see with our own eyes what climate change looks like through the multiple extremes we have seen around the world this summer and
confidence that the policymakers are able to come and strike a strong agreement in november and most importantly then go back home and detail those crimes that they need to deliver it. detail those crimes that they need to deliver it— to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have _ to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have you _ to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have you with _ to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have you with us - to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have you with us on - to deliver it. thank you so much. good to have you with us on this| to deliver it. thank you so much. . good to have you with us on this day is need to report. thank you. earlier, we heard the dramatic warnings about climate change from un scientists. it comes as hundreds more people have been forced to leave their homes in parts of greece, where wildfires are continuing to burn out of control. scorching temperatures across much of southern europe this summer have left woodland tinder dry and susceptible to fire. greece itself is experiencing its biggest heatwave in 30 years. matt graveling reports. sirens. thousands of hectares — habitats, homes — all reduced to ash.
with each change in the wind carving a new path of devastation, those who stay save whatever they can. 0thers pack up their lives and head to the port. it's like a scene of an apocalyptic movie, definitely, because there is no sky, the sun is red, it's quite scary. more than 2,000 people have been evacuated from evia by ferry. 0nce off the island, miles of smoke show the scale of the fight, and it's this smoke, authorities say, hampers efforts to douse fires from above. those on the ground say more needs to be done. the more people see that we don't have any help until yesterday, and they could save everybody, and it wasn't true. the people don't know where to go. the big problem is that we feel
that they let us burn. france, germany and the uk have all offered their help to greece, currently experiencing its hottest weather for 30 years. scientists warn that failure to tackle our impact on climate change means temperatures — and the consequences — will continue to rise. matt graveling, bbc news. 0ur europe correspondent bethany bell has more from the greek island of evia. as you can see, this hillside is back, chard, the trees have been killed, and things are really looking bleak. elsewhere, the fires are still raging out of control. they are trying to put them out with planes and dropping great quantities of water on the hillside to try and extinguish the flames but it's really been an uphill struggle because the hot temperature is, the
extremely hot that greece has been facing have not helped because all of ground is so tinder dry that it makes things extremely difficult. and people here, the locals i think they feel abandoned by the government, they say that there is climate change clearly which is a factor in these wildfires and they say also, not enough has been done to help in terms of trying to protect these forests. the government says it's doing all it can, its priority is to save human rights and they say this has been a really nightmarish summer. in america, a huge wildfire in the north of california is now the second largest in the state's history. three people are missing after what is known as the dixie fire swept through two towns and forced the evacuation of thousands. it covers an area bigger than the city of los angeles. california's governor, gavin newsom, visited the burned remains of greenville,
california, after the fire left the town in ruins. the headlines on bbc news... a warning of a "code red for humanity" by the united nations. a report — described as a major wake—up call — says carbon emissions have warmed the climate in every part of the world. it comes as people are forced leave their homes in parts of greece and in california, where wildfires are continuing to burn out of control. no more social distancing — almost all coronavirus restrictions are now lifted in scotland; though nicola sturgeon warns the pandemic isn't over. britain, canada and the united states have announced economic sanctions against belarus for the first time, a year after the disputed
re—election of president alexander lukashenko. the controversial leader continued to dismiss international criticism during a long address to the nation this morning. well, for the more on this story, we can speak now to our diplomatic correspondent james landale. sanctions for the first time, how widespread are they is not how much difference could that make? lip widespread are they is not how much difference could that make?- difference could that make? up until now, difference could that make? up until now. britain — difference could that make? up until now, britain and _ difference could that make? up until now, britain and other _ difference could that make? up until now, britain and other western - now, britain and other western powers are having posts sanctions on that it was but it's targeted on individuals or specific allegations of human rights abuses and the high travel bonds and things like that. what this is for the first time a sanctions across huge areas of the countries economy. notjust the financial sector but across the board for trade. particularly on the financial sector, for example, last year and that it was managed to
raise 800 million cleaned on the london stock exchange. it will not be allowed to do that from now on. it has huge exploits of things like potash which are used to meet for garden and fields. that is not going to get out to be exploited to the united states or canada or the united states or canada or the united kingdom. that will have an impact on the economy. what does this does shape an escalation of pressure on president lukashenko who it happens has been giving a press conference today. it this morning about 9am uk time. it is still going on and when he was asked about the new sanctions he was pretty unapologetic to the bbc correspondent who asked and here is the clip. correspondent who asked and here is the cli -. ., correspondent who asked and here is the cli. ., .. correspondent who asked and here is the cli. ., . correspondent who asked and here is thecli. ., . ., the clip. you can choke on your sanctions _ the clip. you can choke on your sanctions in — the clip. you can choke on your sanctions in britain. _ the clip. you can choke on your sanctions in britain. we - the clip. you can choke on your sanctions in britain. we did - the clip. you can choke on your sanctions in britain. we did not know_ sanctions in britain. we did not know what— sanctions in britain. we did not know what this britain was for a thousand — know what this britain was for a thousand years and we don't want to know_ thousand years and we don't want to know now _ thousand years and we don't want to know now. you are american lapdogs. the question— know now. you are american lapdogs. the question is will be sanctions actually make a difference? they have not been much depends on till
now. the hopi space to begin to shape the debate and forcing the pachinko to start the negotiations of political opponents. we don't see any evidence of that.— of political opponents. we don't see any evidence of that. thank you very much. david cameron made over £7 million for his work for the collapsed finance company greensill capital. greensill was at the centre of controversy when it emerged the former prime minister had lobbied the government on behalf of the company during the pandemic. documents obtained by bbc panorama show he received over £3 million from shares and was paid a salary of £1 million a year. a spokesman for mr cameron said his remuneration was a private matter. our business correspondent andy verity reports. lex greensill was the banker at the heart of david cameron's government. he had his own office at number 10. lex greensill, where are you? give us a wave.
two years after david cameron left downing street, he went to work for his friends firm. greensill, changing finance to change the world. mr cameron travelled the world promoting greensill capital. with david cameron on board, it sold more than $14 billion of investments. having an ex—prime minister| is a great way to open doors. he played really crucial role in getting greensill in frontl of the right sort of people, - which meant that they could get access to more money, - more funding, big investors. when greensill capital went bust in march, those investors were left facing billions in losses. but the man who set it up isn't short of cash. lex greensill took at least $40 million out of his company based these offices in the west end of london, and his family trust took millions more. 0ur former prime minister also
had a bumper payday. panorama has obtained a letter from greensill to mr cameron. it suggests david cameron pocketed $4.5 million after cashing in greensill shares in 2019. before tax, including his salary and bonus, it looks like he made around $10 million for 2.5 years' part—time work. it was all about making money, and i think the danger is that cameron looks like he just saw the dollar signs. mr cameron's spokesman says he acted in good faith at all times and there was no wrongdoing in any of the actions he took. lex greensill says the investments are covered by insurance that should cover 100% of any shortfall. andy verity, bbc news. you can watch more on panorama tonight on bbc one at 7:35pm.
team gb's 0lympic medal—winning athletes have landed at heathrow at the end of the tokyo 0lympics. the team equalled its tally from london 2012, winning 65 medals, including 22 golds. 0ur sports correspondent eleanor roper was at heathrow airport. it has been a bonkers half an hour as everyone coming off the plane. loads of family and friends here waiting to greet them. we've had people flags waving, lots of support here. it was the kennys who were first off the plane, so they had an great reception. we didn't have a chance to speak to them. they rushed straight off. you'll see the pictures now of them arriving. all of the boxers here as well. i managed to catch a word with lauren price, who won olympic gold. and these 0lympics have been an 0lympics like no other. we've had empty stadiums. we've had worries about the spread of the coronavirus, but it's provided a huge distraction back home with some really special moments for those of us watching.
now, we had the closing ceremony yesterday, and here, with a round—up of the action, is ben croucher. the show had to go on. an olympic games like no other, finishing how it started — a stunning spectacle, but no spectators. led by its most successful woman, laura kenny, team gb celebrated its second most successful overseas games with a celebration fitting of the olympic stadium, the end of 16 days we thought might never happen. you created the magic of these olympic games, tokyo 2020. in these difficult times, you gave to the world the most precious of gifts — hope! it was a golden end for team gb. commentator: and jason kenny stands alone in british olympic history! - whether you've won your seventh gold or yourfirst, the medal is just as precious.
just ask wales' lauren price. i can't really put it into words. it'sjust a dream come true. yeah, i still can't believe it. i've got to pinch myself, - but it just goes to show years of hard work, if you dreaml and you work hard enough, you can achieve anything. achieve, team gb did, exceeding expectations with 65 medals, 22 of them gold, fourth overall. when we look back on tokyo, it'll go down as a games to remember, packed with hits, highs and heroes. great britain have a gold medal in the diving pool! it had heartbreak for those whose dreams were dashed. oh, no! 0h, katarinajohnson—thompson, it all comes crashing down. there were sports we'd not seen at the olympics before. hands in the air, yes, sky! there were the faces some couldn't wait to see again.
there were the stars who stood up for more than just their sport, who spoke out for the millions whose voices can't be heard. it's ok sometimes to even sit out the big competitions to focus on yourself because it shows how strong of a competitor and person that you really are. but we should be out here having fun, and sometimes that's not the case. the city cannot sleep yet, though. the paralympics comes to town two weeks tomorrow. for the olympic games, sport's most iconic arena held against the most challenging of backdrops. we say, "thank you, tokyo. thank you, japan." it's arigato, tokyo... ..a bientot, paris. ben croucher, bbc news. among those team gb athletes returning to london this afternoon was boxer galal yafai, who won men's flyweight gold. he described the reception he received arriving back and his experience in tokyo. welcome home. what amazing support
from all your mates. i yeah, it's been crazy. 0bviously all my friends here, family, yeah, it's been a bit manic, but it's something i couldn't get used to. now, you've got your gold medal around your neck. i when you left from this airport to go to tokyo, i were you imagining coming back with that? _ we all do. we all want to come back and get a medal. well, go and get a gold medal, but ijust made sure i did my best and it worked out for me. i mean, an amazing performance. you've had so much support at home. how hard was it competing in tokyoj without anyone there to watch you? you know what, to be fair, i didn't really mind. i was just happyjust to get there and just get fighting. it's probably better that no—one's there. it didn't distract me, so, yeah, i was just happy to go there and get the win. now, we're just seeing your coach. when you go to sheffield, you look around the walls| and there's the faces - of all the olympians that have come before you — - luke campbell, anthonyjoshua, nicola adams. how does it feel now to be part of that very special club? - yeah, unbelievable obviously. olympic champion is another level, and, yeah, i'm glad to be in there, on their table now
and being champion. what's next for you? are you going to turn professional? that's the plan, yeah. i will definitely turn professional, yeah, that's the plan. ok, that's exciting. straightaway? i'll have a little rest, relax, and then, yeah, i will turn professional, yeah. many congratulations to him and all of the team gb athletes. they are all now back on british slander after arriving at heathrow at lunchtime. more sports but if things coming up for you a little after half past. one more story. vodafone has become the second uk phone company to bring back roaming charges for people travelling in europe. from january, new and upgrading customers will be charged at least £1 a day to use their mobiles in eu countries. initially, all operators said they would not reintroduce a roaming charge after brexit despite having the option to. now it's time for a look at the weather with darren. hello.
we still have heavy showers in other areas of the uk and they will continue into this evening. of a of the will fade and there will be stumbling across points of northern england. temperatures will remain in in double figures, 12 or 13 degrees. the early showers will turn to move away. can't root out 102 showers breaking out of wales. especially to whites east coast of england. the bulk of the showers will be in scotland. the senate will be further north. try across central and southern parts of the country and the over a bit more but they will be my sunshine elsewhere. the wind will unite and it will feel warmer and temperatures will will be higher than today at 23 degrees. as we head into wednesday, we will find the weather front bringing into wednesday, we will find the weatherfront bringing raining into northern ireland and west in scotland with 102 showers ahead of that with still dry and warm further east.
hello, this is bbc news with jane hill. the headlines — a warning of a "code red for humanity" by the united nations. a report, described as a major wake—up call, says carbon emissions have warmed the climate in every part of the world. it comes as people are forced leave their homes in parts of greece and in california, where wildfires are continuing to burn out of control. no more social distancing — almost all coronavirus restrictions are now lifted in scotland, though nicola sturgeon warns the pandemic isn't over.
belarus' president lukashenko calls britain "america's lapdog" after the foreign office imposes economic sanctions on belarus for the first time since his disputed re—election. and team gb's athletes have landed back in the uk after one of their most successful olympic games, with a haul of 65 medals. sport, and for a full round—up from the bbc sport centre, here's austin halewood. hi, jane, good afternoon. the last medals have been awarded, the fireworks have gone out and the final batch of team gb's medallists have arrived back to heathrow after the tokyo games came to a close yesterday. team gb enjoyed one of their most successful games with 22 golds and 65 medals in total, matching the achievement of london 2012.
laura kenny who won a gold and a silver, and also carried the flag in the closing ceremony, led the team off the plane with her husband, jason, gold medallist in the men's kierin, just behind. well, inside the terminal, one of the biggest receptions was afforded to boxer galal yafai, who won gold in the flyweight division. and his friends and family were in fine voice. yeah, it's been crazy. obviously all my friends here, family, yeah, it's been a bit manic, but it's something i couldn't get used to. now, you've got your gold medal around your neck. i when you left from this airport to go to tokyo, i were you imagining coming back with that? _ we all do. we all want to come back and get a medal. well, go and get a gold medal, but ijust made sure i did my best and it worked out for me. his fellow boxer lauren price won
britain's 22nd and final gold of the games yesterday morning. she's already looking ahead to paris in three years time. like watching nicola adams and allow people _ like watching nicola adams and allow people after london 2012 when those boxes _ people after london 2012 when those boxes were introduced. from there, i think— boxes were introduced. from there, i think it's _ boxes were introduced. from there, i think it's come on leaps and bounds so itiust _ think it's come on leaps and bounds so itjust keeps getting bigger and bigger— so itjust keeps getting bigger and bigger all the time and hopefully like myself and a lot of the others will inspire — like myself and a lot of the others will inspire the next generation and 'ust will inspire the next generation and just for— will inspire the next generation and just for female boxing, it keeps getting — just for female boxing, it keeps getting bigger and i'm looking forward — getting bigger and i'm looking forward to the next three years in paris _ forward to the next three years in paris and — forward to the next three years in paris and hopefully it includes more weights _ paris and hopefully it includes more weights as— paris and hopefully it includes more weights as well. following on from his success in tokyo, tom pidcock has been selected to race at the vuelta a espana for ineos grenediers. the 22—year—old won gold in the men's cross—country mountain bike injapan, but the all—terrain rider will now switch his focus to the road and feature in the last grand tour of the year and the first of his career. the race starts on saturday.
and england head coach chris silverwood says moeen ali could be drafted back into the squad and may even feature in the second test against india at lord's this week. captainjoe root made 64 and a superb 109 in the drawn opening match, while no other england player managed more than 32. he is certainly a consideration. he is always a consideration. so that is always a consideration. so that is something thatjoe and i are going to chat about obviously when we get to lords and sit there and have a copy and go through potentially for lords, the squad for it lords. we know he is a fine cricketer, he is showing five form and i was late the moment appreciates that an action is what he can do there. that is and it has to be in our mind. and that second test gets underway on thursday,
and finally, chelsea are looking to do some big business of their own. they're closing in on the signing of striker romelu lukaku. the inter milan forward is having a medical in italy today ahead of a £97.5 million move to stamford bridge. lukaku's already played for chelsea, leaving the club in 2014 afterjust 15 appearances in three years. but since then, he's gone on to become one of the most prolific strikers in europe with 24 goals for inter last season, helping them to their first italian title in 11 years. and we'll have plenty more for you on all of those stories in sportsday at 6:30pm. thank you, austin, see you a bit later. thank you very much. almost all scotland's remaining coronavirus restrictions have been lifted. it means an end to social distancing and limits on indoor gatherings, although the wearing of masks is still compulsory in some public spaces. many nightclubs opened at midnight for the first time in nearly 18 months. the first minister, nicola sturgeon, says it's the right moment to try to get back to normality.
i'm joined now by scotland's national clinical director, professorjason leitch. hello, very good evening. evening, how are you? _ hello, very good evening. evening, how are you? very _ hello, very good evening. evening, how are you? very well. _ hello, very good evening. evening, how are you? very well. i'm - how are you? very well. i'm interested — how are you? very well. i'm interested in _ how are you? very well. i'm interested in your _ how are you? very well. i'm interested in your thoughts | how are you? very well. i'm - interested in your thoughts given nicola sturgeon and many other saying this is the right time to do it but she confessed he really having butterflies in her stomach about all of this. is it right to have a little bit of nervous and still about all of this?- still about all of this? yes, it absolutely — still about all of this? yes, it absolutely is. _ still about all of this? yes, it absolutely is. i— still about all of this? yes, it absolutely is. i looked - still about all of this? yes, it absolutely is. i looked up. absolutely is. i looked up the global numbers. for 45,000 people got this virus yesterday and 27,000 died. so the global pandemic is far from over. vaccination in the uk and in scotland of course has changed our version of the pandemic, and that's why because of people going to night clubs last night and why we removed physical distance and from
places of worship yesterday and why all of these things have been possible. but we are still cautious. we had 850 cases today. down from over the weekend but some people still lost their lives over the weekend to this disease. to that balance is really important that we move gimmicky momentum but we don't go crazy. move gimmicky momentum but we don't no cra . ,., �* , move gimmicky momentum but we don't cocra . go crazy. right, so it's about the vaccination. _ go crazy. right, so it's about the vaccination. that's _ go crazy. right, so it's about the vaccination. that's what's - go crazy. right, so it's about the | vaccination. that's what's making go crazy. right, so it's about the i vaccination. that's what's making it possible. but also you will be reported on the fact that about a third of 18—29 —year—old still have not had their firstjab for whatever reason. so is there do you feel more to be done in terms persuade people to be done in terms persuade people to go and get the vaccine? absolutely there is and i'm willing to do whatever i can as part of that. but the 52—year—old public health guy is not really going to be the one that gets them, i don't think was that we have spent a lot of time with the national union of students and is, we have a thing called young scots who are a very good organisation engaging the
people. your are to do everything we can, drop in clinics everywhere as we have in the other three uk countries, and influencers, peer groups trying to get them. now to be fair it has not been open for young people for that long. so i'm confident that number will keep rising. there is good research today from the ons that says vaccine hesitancy has actually fallen in that really young age group in the last few weeks as they have got the right information. and it's all about getting the right science and information. once it is explained sensibly in languages everybody can understand that people tend to get the vaccine. qk. understand that people tend to get the vaccine. . . understand that people tend to get the vaccine-— understand that people tend to get the vaccine. .. . ., , ., the vaccine. 0k. face coverings are still compulsory _ the vaccine. 0k. face coverings are still compulsory in _ the vaccine. 0k. face coverings are still compulsory in some _ the vaccine. 0k. face coverings are still compulsory in some settings i still compulsory in some settings and public transport and so on. the suggestion from some politicians that that will be the case likely or could well be the case well into the winter, is that, are you comfortable with that thought? is that about right? we know... you tell me whether you feel that's right and
people will indeed still be wearing them, let's say christmas. it people will indeed still be wearing them, let's say christmas.- people will indeed still be wearing them, let's say christmas. it gets a little bit trickier _ them, let's say christmas. it gets a little bit trickier as _ them, let's say christmas. it gets a little bit trickier as you _ them, let's say christmas. it gets a little bit trickier as you take - them, let's say christmas. it gets a little bit trickier as you take me - little bit trickier as you take me further out the predictions become more difficult but i think we have learned a lot in 18 months. one of the things we have learned is that relatively simple mitigations can go quite a long way. so i imagine you could have the on the this morning and i think that will stay. i think you will continue to wash your hands more than you ever have before and i think you will probably stay off work for instance if you have symptoms. all of us should. that's been the advice for years we have not done it. all struggled our way to work in face covering is like that. another layer of mitigation that does not really cost us that much. it's a little bit in give any of the people don't particularly like it but it's just another way of protecting particularly other people who may be more vulnerable than you and may not have been double vaccinated like you. so it'sjust layers of protection that i think if it's not
too much trouble, i think it's a common—sense way to do it. too much trouble, i think it's a common-sense way to do it. really interesting- — common-sense way to do it. really interesting. sorry _ common-sense way to do it. really interesting. sorry we _ common-sense way to do it. really interesting. sorry we cannot - common-sense way to do it. really interesting. sorry we cannot speak| interesting. sorry we cannot speak like a very good to have your time tonight. thank you so much professor. on the date that large numbers of restrictions have now been lifted in scotland. let's take a look at the uk's daily covid statistics. a further 25,161 covid infections have been recorded in the latest 24 hours, as well as 37 deaths. that's people who've died within 28 days of a positive covid test. we talked about vaccinations just then. more than 39.5 million people in the uk are now fully vaccinated against the virus. that's 74.8% of uk adults. campaigners fighting to save an alpaca from being put down have marched on downing street this afternoon to lobby for a reprieve. the government says geronimo must be culled because he's twice tested
positive for bovine tb, which is a risk to cattle. andrew plant reports. she's been fighting to keep her alpaca alive for four years. now geronimo's story has started making headlines, after the courts ruled he could be put down any time in the next four weeks. how are you feeling about all the support you've had? oh, just immense. it's keeping me going. you know, this is an animal injustice. what are you going to do if people turn up at your gates? i'm not going to break the law, but i won't be making it easy. i'm not going to be helping them to kill an animal that doesn't need to be killed. bovine tb is a common issue for uk farmers. around 40,000 cows are killed after positive tests each year. helen thinks geronimo's tests were flawed and is calling on the government to take another look. i think that this alpaca gives us
a chance to put btb testing under the microscope in the uk. we've long been worried about its accuracy, its ability to give false positives and also false negatives as well. the impact goes far beyond alpacas. this has a significant impact for british farming, too. the environment secretary, george eustice, has said geronimo's tests were reliable. downing street also expressed its sympathy, but said everything possible needed to be done to fight bovine tb. no test is absolutely perfect. no test is absolutely 100% sensitive or 100% specific. j so, defra have to work on the big numbers, and they make policy. based on the big numbers, i and decisions based on those big numbers, whereas, - for the individual, of course, you-e always hoping — that your animal is one of the 1—2%, maybe a little bit more, where there's a false positive result. |
a petition to spare geronimo has received around 100,000 signatures. a warrant from the courts means officials still have four weeks to put geronimo down. helen and a team of volunteers say they'll do everything they can to stop that from happening. andrew plant, bbc news. it is 17 minutes to six p:m.. much more coming up on today's stories in the 6pm news. earlier, you sent in questions on the climate change report to my colleague shaun ley. my my calling has more on your questions answered. we certainly need to be considering all and every measure. we need to have everything on the table in order to try to bring our carbon emissions down as quickly as we can,
and colin's absolutely right that most vehicles, most cars are most efficient at around 40—50 mph mark, and it sounds like he might actually be familiar with practices around hyper—miling, where you are trying to get as much distance as you can for a certain amount of fuel in your vehicle, and certainly these things like making sure your tyres are pumped up and reducing unnecessary weight are all the things we can do to try to reduce that carbon impact. and on that note, it's important to remember that one of the biggest impacts for cars and for vehicles is obviously vehicle size, so making sure that you have the smallest vehicle that you can manage with is very important. so, these are all measures we should absolutely be considering, absolutely. lovely, thank you very much. lorraine, this is from anne—marie in scotland, who asks, "i'm growing a variety of plants to try to attract insects and small animal life.
i try to avoid using unnecessary plastic, i don't drive any more, i recycle as much as possible and monitor my energy consumption. apart from those things, what other suggestions would you make to individuals to try to help on a daily, weekly basis? " cos as ever, a lot of people sitting at home are thinking, i really am worried about this, and i'm seeing the consequences, but i don't really know if i can do anything as an individual that's going to make any difference. yeah, thanks for that question, anne—marie, and it's really great that you're making all those changes, and particularly that you've said that you're not driving any more, because that's the single best thing you can do to tackle climate change is to live car—free. other things that you can do include cutting down flying. that makes a massive difference to your carbon footprint. also changing your diet, so eating less red meat and dairy in particular, that has a particularly big impact. eating more local and seasonal food also helps a bit. she mentions she's saving energy at home, that's a really big thing you can do as well. so, if she hasn't already,
then she can insulate her home and take other energy efficiency measures to try and make her home as energy—efficient as possible. and even consider getting renewable energy, so either buying renewable energy from your provider, your energy provider, or maybe if you couldn't afford it, getting a solar panel or a heat pump or something, so directly using renewable energy in your home. so, it sounds like she's already doing a lot, but as individuals, there is a lot we can do. so, those of the sorts of things that we will need to do more of in the future. lorraine, can ijust pick up one thing you mentioned there, potentially buying renewable energy from your supplier? is it possible yet to specify or to say, cos i know for example we had this big debate a few years ago about how much impact wind power would have, and we discovered subsequently that as some of the advocates had predicted, it's been able to make a net contribution to energy supplies. but, in terms of that, if i or anyone watching was saying,
"i only want to rely on energy that is renewable," can i get to do that? yeah, you can go on a completely green tariff, and you can request that your energy be renewable from various different providers now. and often it doesn't actually cost more, or it may be very slightly more or occasionally even cheaper. so, it is worth going onto those websites where you can compare the prices of different tariffs and potentially get a renewable tariff that's actually cheaper. that's really interesting, so a green tariff, that's something to look out for. thanks very much. judith in orpington asks, rosie, "when and how will climate change have an immediate impact on the lives of most ordinary people?" well, obviously this big un report that's come out today, one of the things that it has said, one of the stark messages within it is that we're locked in now to this 1.5 degreee centigrade rise by 2040, and this means we're going to see these increasing extreme events,
such as flooding, heatwaves and forest fires, which we've obviously seen a lot of in the news recently, and obviously that has affected flash flooding in london, and we've seen over the past decade, various communities in the uk very seriously affected by flooding, and this is going to become more intense, more frequent. and it's yet another reason to make some of the changes that lorraine wasjust mentioning, around your home and improving your home. insulation, for example, and remembering that that's going to protect against things like heatwaves as well. i know that the met office has predicted that by 2050 we're likely to see heatwaves every other year in the uk, so if we're talking about how we're going to be affected in this country, and obviously there are some quite stark messages around sea level rise as well, and as a coastal nation, this is something that we are obviously particularly going to be aware of.
but the other point really to remember how much of an interconnected world we live in, and therefore these impacts increasing frequency in other countries has big repercussions for us very quickly around, for example, global food supply and other goods and so forth and services that we rely on. not to mention seeing humanitarian crises in other countries and the kind of chaotic impact that that can have on the global stage. so, you know, arguably, climate change is already having impacts on all of us every day. we may not always recognise it as such, but this is only going to become more intensive in the coming decades, which is why the sooner that we take bigger actions and the more we can reduce this, the better. lorraine, i saw you nodding there when rosie was talking. is your argument now that actually it already is affecting everybody?
we just might not quite have spotted it ourselves individually yet, but we are already being impacted? that's right. i mean, the report that came out today actually shows that increasingly we can actually attribute climate change as the main cause to many of the sorts of events that we're starting to see in recent months and in recent years. so, this increase in extreme weather events, in wildfires, floods, etc, that we've started to see, we are seeing the effects of climate change already. so, yes, that is something we're going to see more of the coming years. rachel in manchester says, "in the light of everything we know, why are we continuing to allow drive—through everythings to be built in the uk. there are frequent queues of 20—plus cars for these i think she's particularly thinking of drive—through takeaways. "we know obesity is a problem, and it also must increase the use of cars."
has there been any debate about this at all in terms of planning regulations and so on, about whether these premises should continue to be built? there are existing ones, but the new ones to be built. yeah, i think this is a really, really important point that rachel's flagging here, that actually historically our planning system has favoured car use, and the more that we build roads and build things like drive—throughs, the more we encourage and enable and support car use and the more people will be discouraged from using alternatives like walking, cycling and public transport. so, we have tended to make the wrong decisions in planning that actually encourages people to drive more. that is starting to change, so a couple of weeks ago, the government did launch its decarbonising transport plan, and one of the commitments included was to ensure that decarbonisation was part of local planning decisions, so that hopefully we'll see less of these sorts of things and there was a commitment
to funding more walking, cycling and public transport at local level, as well, and giving local authorities the tools to make the decisions to encourage those sorts of changes in our travel behaviour. so, we are seeing things moving in the right direction, but it has been very frustrating that for so long the incentives have been there to encourage us to drive. and as she flags, it's notjust about climate, this is about our health as well, actually. because the more we're driving, the more we're polluting our air in the cities, so there's an air pollution problem, but also we're not getting enough exercise and so on. so, i think they're sort of win—wins in terms of both the environment and our health if we get out of our cars. rosie, i was going to pick up on that, quite interesting about the link between climate policy, about saving the planet and our prospects on the planet, but also things like our health in a much broader sense. lorraine talked about shifting away from a red meat and dairy diet. that will make people in the agricultural industry
who are already nervous about the long—term prospects for farming in this country worry. i mean, adaptation is what it's all about. what can be done in agriculture to make that still as sustainable a life for people, particularly in places where you both are, in the south west of england, but also to improve our health and prospects as well? absolutely. i think this is a really important point about how all these questions around reducing our carbon emissions are notjust about individuals making changes to their lives, these are affecting jobs and industries. and we need to have regulation and support and policy that recognises this, and also people taking the lead within industry and business, senior figures within different business and organisations to be stepping up and thinking about how
industries can move to be greener, because this is going to happen. and so, if we are able to start making those changes earlier, and if we are able to start looking at how we can move industries to become lower carbon—emitting, it will be less painful, if you see what i mean, than if abrupt changes are made. but absolutely there are lots of co—benefits around health and well—being, whether that's to do with food and diet, whether that's to do with active travel and cycling and walking more, there's lots of positives to be gained, and this is not about making lots of sacrifices. yes, this is making big changes to our lives, but the more that we can do this in a planned manner and the more that we can make active decisions rather than having things forced upon us, because, as it were, it has become too late,
then the more that we can make these decisions in a positive manner. here's a controversial question coming up, rosie, let me put this to you. on the back of the latest report, douglas in lithgow asks should the british government now stop further expansion of airports and stop hs2, which is destroying green fields and forests? thank you for the question. the point around airports first, people may be aware that taking a flight is one of the quickest ways to release a huge amount of carbon into the atmosphere, and certainly on an individual level, this is one of the big ticket items. and i think when it comes to individual projects around airport expansion, what we need to sort of take a step back and think really carefully about is what kind of message are these decisions sending out? so, regardless of the sort of individual pluses and minuses of projects, are we sending out a message that, you know, not only can we carry on with high carbon—emitting
activity, but we can actually increase them, and how is that going to then help people to be making big decisions in their everyday lives, which is what we need. so, i think there's a really important question for governments and policy—makers around decisions like that. when it comes to the hs2 project, absolutely, as you say, a controversial project, and i know there's been big questions asked around, for example, the biodiversity impacts of the project, but also people have wondered whether it will end up making the savings predicted. for example, you can imagine unintended consequences where people travel, it's quicker for people to travel to airports and therefore increasing flying. so, these are not simple questions, and actually to the first question that we had from colin around reducing speed of car travel, one of the reasons we travel so much more now is because it has become a lot quicker.
and really one of the things we are going to have to do is travel less. so, thinking about should we actually be travelling a bit slower, enjoying the journey more and so forth, and actually it's that part of the picture of how we are going to achieve reducing our travel quite significantly. lorraine, briefly and finally if you can, tom garrett is looking for something very simply, he says, "is there a good place to go, which gives you lots of advice on what we can do as individuals, petitions to sign, service providers to use, things like those green tariffs and so on?" great question, tom. there's masses of resources online. ijust did a quick google of top tips for cutting your carbon footprint, and the bbc's website has one of the best that i've found in terms ofjust listing ten brilliant things you can do, like living car—free, cutting down on meat and dairy and so on. the grantham institute also has nine things you can do, and i like that one in particular
because it includes some of the things you might not immediately think of, things like contacting your mp or your local councillor to push for change so that we have these changes in the laws, the regulations that we've just been talking about. our conversation with work colleagues, family, friends, to try and encourage other people to take action as well so that low—carbon lifestyles actually become more normal, so we don't think of it as being a weird thing, actually everybody's doing this. there are loads of resources online, so do as much as you can. do your searches! professor lorraine whitmarsh, dr rosie robison, thank you so much to you both for answering all of those questions.
hello there. we are seeing more heavy, thunderous showers working out today particularly across parts of southern scotland, northern ireland and england too. some showers developing by the winds not as strong today and temperature is not quite as high as they normally would be this time of year. we still have these heavy downpours into this evening. they will gradually fade away overnight and we will see some cleaver spells developing with a bit of missed units here in there. antipater is likely to remain in double figures overnight so typically 12—13 in towns and cities. tomorrow looks like a drier day for more of the country we were going to have more sunshine around as well. cannot rule out one or two showers across wales and some eastern part of england but most will be further north in scotland this time. some heavy ones here but a dry day for central and southern scotland and tentacle a bit more in the afternoon for northern ireland. a warmer day with light winds looking at the top temperatures of 22 or even 23.
climate change is here, it's permanent and we caused it — the stark warning from the world's leading scientists. within two decades temperatures are on course to rise 1.5 celsius above preindustrial levels bringing heat and floods. the world listened, but didn't hear. the world listened, but it didn't act strongly enough and as a result of climate change it's a problem that is here now. nobody is safe and it's getting worse and faster. greece, one of many countries already feeling the impact with raging wildfires that have driven thousands from their homes. but there is some hope — we can stop the most destructive effects of climate change if governments act now to make deep cuts to carbon emissions. also tonight...