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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 12, 2021 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones. our top stories. afghanistan in crisis — us officials say the taliban could be in the capital, kabul within weeks, as thousands flee the advancing militants. many of those we have met here have run once, twice, multiple times. and now, they come here to afghanistan's capital kabul. from here, they say, there's nowhere else to go. our reporter interviews some of the militants as the bbc�*s granted rare access to newly taken taliban territory. we came through here a little earlier this year. back then, it was still under government control. now, it's one of around 200 district centres taken by the taliban. greece's wildfires force the evacuation
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of 20 more villages — we speak to british firefighters helping battle the blazes. and we catch up with the teens bringing skateboarding to the olympics and the streets of japan. even our reporter goes for a spin! welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. events in afghanistan are unfolding at a rapid pace. as the taliban captured a ninth key city, the afghan president fired his army chief. the government is still in control of the most important urban centres, but their hold in many areas is fragile. us officials say the taliban could reach the capital kabul in weeks. from there, our correspondent
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yogita limaye reports. desperation on a scale not seen in decades. thousands have arrived in kabul, in the past few days. people who had homes and jobs, who led dignified lives, forced to leave everything behind. angry that they have been left on their own — no government, no humanitarian agencies. this woman's sons are in the army. she says only the poor go to the battlefield, while politicians watch. we have seen this camp grow by the hour. people have been coming
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in from different parts of the country, as more and more provincial capitals, more and more cities are being taken over by the taliban. many of those we have met here have run once, twice, multiple times, and now they have come here to afg hanistan�*s capital, kabul. from here, they say, there's nowhere else to go. to get here, they've survived dangerous journeys, past taliban checkpoints and active front lines. this woman says they moved from one place to another for three days before they got to kabul. she has four children — the youngest is two.
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many have seen their loved ones being killed. they've had to leave their dead behind to save their own lives. this man's parents died in the violence. many here have fled from kunduz in north afghanistan, which fell to the taliban on sunday. today, in kabul, we bumped into these men, who we'd met four weeks ago in kunduz. then, the city was a refuge for tens of thousands of people who had fled fighting in villages.
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now, we learned that in recent days, mortar shells landed in these camps. we don't know what happened to the people we'd met there. most of the north of the country has been taken over by the taliban now. those who have escaped to kabul are staring at uncertainty. fears that the capital, too, could fall within weeks. yogita limaye, bbc news, kabul. now, i want to bring you this extraordinary report filmed by our team in taliban territory. first, let's take a look at the areas they control. last month, the taliban were in charge in these red regions, with contested regions in yellow. but now, a lot more territory has fallen to the taliban, including nine of the country's 3a provincial capitals. 0ur afghanistan correspondent secunder kermani reports, and a warning — you may find
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some of the images upsetting. new territory. new weapons. all captured in this unprecedented taliban advance. caught in the middle, afghan families right across the country. how can you justify all this fighting when it is causing the deaths of thousands of ordinary afghans, thousands of ordinary muslims? you are the ones who started the fighting here, though. shortly after the interview ends, the sound of helicopters. the taliban are still vulnerable to government air strikes.
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this is balkh, a town with ancient roots, thought to be the birthplace of one of islam's best known mystic poets, rumi. now, it is under taliban control. we came through here a little earlier this year. back then, it was still under government control. now it is one of around 200 district centres taken by the taliban. schools are open here, though in other taliban areas, girls are reportedly prevented from attending. the market is still busy. women have apparently been allowed to come here without male companions if they need to. but elsewhere, taliban commanders have reportedly banned them. this is a local taliban leader. despite what i have been told, he insists they have not made
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the burqa compulsory. you have said that women have to wear the burqa, the chadar. that is right, isn't it? what happens if someone doesn't want to wear it? i heard that members of the taliban here caught one man listening to music and to punish him, made him walk for two kilometres without any shoes until he fainted as punishment. the next day, a young woman was killed close by, allegedly for wearing immodest clothing. the taliban denied involvement.
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they seem to want to play down their more hardline views internationally, but at times are in tune with some conservative afghans. many here praise improved security. accompanied by taliban fighters at all times, it is hard to know what residents really think. having already captured many rural areas and some border crossings, the taliban are now pushing in on afghan cities. half an hour's drive away, in mazar—i—sharif, the government are still in control. there is a greater sense of personal freedom here it is hard to imagine the taliban accepting. many fear the taliban want to resurrect their practice of brutal punishments. they insist they were not responsible for this flogging, supposedly filmed last year, but they did recently hang two child kidnappers in public. 0n the steps of the
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government's old court house in balkh, the taliban's legal system was in force. for many, the taliban's brutal form ofjustice is what scares them the most about the group, but for others, they at least offer a swifter resolution than the notoriously corrupt government courts. thejudge here says he has never ordered serious corporal punishment and that there is a system of appeal courts, but he defends stoning adulterers and cutting the hands of thieves. many people here in afghanistan and around the world would be horrified. the taliban are capturing new territory on an almost daily basis.
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they are still facing fierce resistance but they vow to install what they term an islamic government. if that does not come through the stalled peace process, they say, it will come through more violence. secunder kermani, bbc news, balkh. for nine days, thousands of firefighters have been tackling wildfires across greece, as the blazes scorched hundreds of thousands of hectares, causing widespread destruction. the flames have been fanned by the country's most severe heatwave in decades. in the southern peloponnese region, fires overnight forced many villages to evacuate. crews from britain, france and the czech republic have joined the efforts to help. 0ur europe correspondent bethany bell reports. cutting away anything that can burn.
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these british firefighters have come to greece to help stop the catastrophic wildfires. as you can see behind us, trying to open this road and help with the fallen tree, just to get access to the community and the houses up here. olive groves have gone up in flames. what matters now is to stop new blazes from spreading, so the team is making fire breaks between the burnt areas and the trees which survived. the fire swept through here last night and some of the trees are still smouldering. the team is trying to draw a line in the sand between the green and the black, to prevent any more flare—ups. it's hard work and it's punishingly hot. we lend the team our drone to give them an idea of the lay of the land. the extent of the destruction is huge. 27 years in the fire service, i've never seen scale like this.
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i've seen flooding on this scale in europe but not... not wild land fires. so it's immense, the land is burned right across. another fire sparks in the undergrowth. the team's greek liaison officer rushes to put it out. a firefighting helicopter carrying water flies past the house where yorgos and stella live. their family has lost 700 olive trees. translation: others | have lost more than us. my main worry is about the environment. the trees that have been burned are more than 50 years old. the situation is volatile. when we drove down this road this morning, there was no smoke. now there's fire. with the wind rising, there are fears this will be a long and difficult night. bethany bell, bbc news,
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in the peloponnese. stay with us on bbc news, still to come. a british man working at the embassy in berlin's arrested on suspicion of spying for russia. the big crowds became bigger as the time of the funeral approached. as the lines of fans became longer, the police prepared for a huge job of crowd control. idi amin, uganda's brutal former dictator, has died at the age of 80. he's being buried in saudi arabia, where he lived in exile since being overthrown in 1979. two billion people around
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the world have seen the last total eclipse of the sun to take place in this millennium. it began itsjourney off the coast of canada, ending three hours later when the sun set over the bay of bengal. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: the afghan army chief is sacked as taliban fighters take more and more territory. it's thought they've now taken over nine provincial capitals. greece's wildfires rage on with residents of 20 more villages forced to flee the flames. a british man has been arrested in germany on suspicion of spying for russia. the man, named only as david s, worked at the british embassy
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in berlin and is accused of passing documents to russian intelligence in exchange for cash. 0ur security correspondent gordon corera has this report. a berlin spy case involving british secrets and russian spies. german prosecutors allege that the man, who worked here at the british embassy in berlin, passed on official documents in exchange for money. he is alleged to have been working for the russian intelligence service. their embassy is located not far away in berlin. the man, who worked as a security guard, was arrested yesterday in potsdam, south—west of berlin, and his apartment and office were searched today. translation: we take extremely seriously the indications _ that the detainee's secret service activity was done on behalf of a russian intelligence service. because spying on a close ally on german soil is absolutely unacceptable and we stand in full solidarity
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with our british friends. so what do we know about the suspect? he's been named simply as david s, his second name withheld under german privacy laws. he's a 57—year—old briton. he was employed locally by the embassy as a contractor, so not as a diplomat. and it's alleged he was working with the russians since at least november of last year. the arrest came after what i understand was an intelligence—led operation, runjointly by german and british authorities, including the security service, mi5 here and metropolitan police. once they felt they had enough evidence a germanjudge issued an arrest warrant. cold war berlin was the spy capital of the world. the glienicke bridge there was known as the bridge of spies because of the exchanges that took place between east and west. spying has changed since then. secrets can be stolen remotely over cyberspace, but that does not mean that old—fashioned human spying, as seemingly witnessed
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in today's case, has gone away. we can speak to tracy walder, an ex—cia operative and fbi special agent trained in counter—intelligence. shejoins us from orange county, california. thank you so much for coming on the programme. thank you so much for coming on the programme-— the programme. thank you for havin: the programme. thank you for having me- — the programme. thank you for having me. we _ the programme. thank you for having me. we have _ the programme. thank you for having me. we have enough . having me. we have enough details to — having me. we have enough details to have _ having me. we have enough details to have a _ having me. we have enough details to have a rough - having me. we have enough details to have a rough idea| having me. we have enough l details to have a rough idea of what is happening here. how extraordinary do you think it is? ., ., extraordinary do you think it is? . ., , is? part of me thinks it is extraordinary, _ is? part of me thinks it is extraordinary, the - is? part of me thinks it is extraordinary, the other. is? part of me thinks it is . extraordinary, the other part does not. these are typical counterintelligence operations that we do see. what is more shocking is to see a british citizen in a different country...
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inaudible. what kind of role do we think this briton could have been in? from what i have been able to glean, he was a security guard, a check point guard. to some people i know that may seem, why don't we get the head of the embassy as a human asset, but sometimes it's really about access, not who is in charge. if you think about how we caught 0sama bin laden, it was through his career, not his deputy. the things he could have provided to the russian intelligence services, it is really remarkable, he could have given them security codes to get into the embassy, he could have given them floor plans, security protocol. all of those things could help you penetrate any kind of facility. how do you think russia will be viewing this? on the one hand,
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it shows it is flexing its muscles, but on the other hand they have been caught potentially? i they have been caught potentially? they have been caught otentiall ? , potentially? i definitely get what you are _ potentially? i definitely get what you are saying. - potentially? i definitely get what you are saying. we i what you are saying. we have had a lot of this going on, with the russians getting caught. really the russian plan has been to deny, deny, deny. in my opinion, this would be a bit more difficult, because it is very clear that the british and the germans have been working together on this since november. so they have had information that this individual was actively recruited, which will be much more difficult for them to deny. more difficult for them to den . , . ., deny. interesting. what about the other way _ deny. interesting. what about the other way around? - deny. interesting. what about the other way around? we - deny. interesting. what about i the other way around? we have a famous recent examples as you have highlighted, but are britain and the us up to the
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same thing?— same thing? really i can't confirm or— same thing? really i can't confirm or deny _ same thing? really i can't confirm or deny that, - same thing? really i can't confirm or deny that, but | same thing? really i can'tl confirm or deny that, but it same thing? really i can't . confirm or deny that, but it is in all of our best interests, quite frankly, to realise every country around the world is trying to get intelligence, and sometimes it's not necessarily for nefarious purposes, sometimes it is to protect themselves and their assets. yes, most likely other countries are up to something very similar. countries are up to something very similar-— very similar. fascinating to have you on- _ the polish parliament has approved a law that opponents say will strengthen the right—wing government's grip on the media, as it restricts non—european ownership. one of the tv channels most critical of ministers is owned by the american conglomerate, discovery. a spokesperson for the us state department said it was closing watching developments. the applause from the
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government benches in the lower house of parliament. the government say this new law prevents firms from china controlling polish media outlets, but it could be seen as an attempt to silence a tv channel critical of the government. translation: , , translation: this is unconstitutional, - translation: this is - unconstitutional, designed to 939 unconstitutional, designed to gag the free media, inconsistent with international treaties. today it is a tv station, we all know which one it is about. in fact it's the security of poland. the tv station in question is owned by the us company discovery, through the netherlands. discovery condemned the new bill, calling
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it an attack on the core democratic principles of freedom of speech. the fear is that this could sour relations. we know a free independent media makes democracy stronger. it makes transatlantic alliances more resilient, including to those who would seek to divide the alliance and divide us. ., , , ., seek to divide the alliance and divide he— divide us. crowds began to cather divide us. crowds began to gather and _ divide us. crowds began to gather and rallies - divide us. crowds began to gather and rallies were - divide us. crowds began to l gather and rallies were held across the country. the bill will now pass to the opposition —controlled senate, which may make amendments or reject the bill, howeverthe make amendments or reject the bill, however the lower house of parliament could overturn any changes and finally approve the bill. skateboarding has become very popular injapan after its teenage athletes achieved a sweeping victory at tokyo 2020.
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our reporter mariko oi caught up with one of the gold medallists, and tried the sport for herself for the first time.
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bye— bye! you can reach me on twitter — i'm @lvaughanjones.
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hello. we provisionally saw a new temperature record in europe on wednesday — 48.8 celsius recorded in sicily. the exceptional heat shown by the red colours here in this chart transfer a bit westwards across the med into the weekend, with record—breaking heat for spain and portugal. cast your eyes further north, though, across the uk, the blues appearing back on the charts. temperatures dropping below normal once again — so a cooler end to the week across the uk, and it will be blustery at times, mainly because of this area of low pressure — out to the west at the moment, but it will track across the north. through the night and into the morning, though, this weather front will bring some cloud and patchy rain into southern areas, keeping temperatures up in the mid—teens for some. but a much fresher start across many parts in the uk, but a sunny start for the vast majority. and for many, we'll see good,
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sunny spells throughout the day, but cloud will increase at times in the south, spreading into wales, the midlands, and through the day, northern ireland, western scotland seeing batches of showers pushing in, some becoming heavy and thundery. only the odd one reaching eastern scotland and northern parts of england, as well as the isle of man. temperatures here in the teens, into maybe the low mid—20s again across the south and east. but it will be a windy end to the day across parts of scotland, northern ireland, winds close to gale force across these coastal districts. further heavy, thundery showers rattling in notjust through the evening, but overnight as well. head further south, most places will be dry, some clear skies around, and a slightly fresher night across some southern areas compared to what we'll have to start thursday morning. so, into friday, temperatures widely still in double figures, so not desperately cold. but it's another story of sunshine and blustery showers across scotland and northern ireland. a bit windierfor england and wales on friday, too, and we will still see the chance of some lingering cloud, especially towards southern counties of england, bringing the odd spot of light rain.
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but temperatures dropping relative to what we've seen on thursday — even in the south, low 20s, but still pleasant enough where you've got the sunshine out. then, as we go into the weekend, our area of low pressure pushes eastwards, allowing the cold air in, and just a chance we could see some other weather systems working their way in from the west, bringing outbreaks of rain at times. this is how we see saturday at the moment — just be aware, though, it is liable to change, maybe a brighter day for scotland and northern ireland, less breezy but rather cool with sunny spells. but a bit more cloud across england and wales, and it's the north and west where we could see some rain at times brightening up again towards the south and the east. bye for now.
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this is bbc news,
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the headlines... the head of the afghan army has been sacked following a rapid offensive by the taliban who've taken over nine provincial capitals. tens of thousands of civilians have fled their homes — and hundreds have died in recent weeks. in greece, residents have fled 20 more villages as wildfires continue amid a heatwave across the mediterranean. dozens have died in algeria and italy may have registered europe's hottest ever temperature — 48.8 degrees celsius. a british man working at the uk's embassy in berlin has appeared in court accused of spying for russia. prosecutors say the man, who's been identified only as david s, passed on documents to russian intelligence in exchange for cash. it followed a joint investigation by german and british authorities. now on bbc news...
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global questions — lessons from barbados.


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