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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  August 26, 2021 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is bbc news — i'm sally bundock — with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. the united states and britain warn their citizens to stay away from kabul airport — amid fears of a potential terror attack. the pentagon says around 10,000 people are currently there — as the scramble to leave the country gathers pace. a warning that the summer of devastating wildfires underlines the need for radical shifts in behaviour to tackle global warming. and — the wheelchair tennis player hoping to serve up a performance to inspire the whole of africa.
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hello and welcome. we begin in afghanistan, where the us embassy in kabul is asking american citizens in the country not to travel to kabul airport. the warning came just moments after similar advice issued by the british foreign office, which included the warning of a "high threat of a terrorist attack". the pentagon says about 10,000 people are currently at the airport, as the scramble to leave the country is gathering pace before the deadline for evacuation flights. graham satchell has this report. day after day for more than a week now distressing pictures of afghans that couple airport desperate to leave. now a new warning from the american government is saying there is a high threat of attack here. the
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advice is don't travel to the airport which means a hugely difficult operation to get people out has just got worse. latest figures from the ministry of defence show that more than 11,000 people have so far been evacuated to the uk. 0f far been evacuated to the uk. of those, almost 7000 are afghans and their families. but an estimated 2000 interpreters and other staff who worked for britain still need to be evacuated. the bbc has spoken to one for my interpreter now in kabul. terrified of being discovered by the taliban. if i am letting i will be killed by the messiness they find me so it will be very important for me to get as soon as possible to the uk because i worked for years of the british forces in said the taliban will never leave me alive. ever night another plane arrives in on board, the lucky ones who have made it. this operation is
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time—limited and officially the deadline is next tuesday. in reality, the window will close before then. it will take at least 48 hour for british and american troops to manage their own departure so the plea from a former military commander in afghanistan. please, don't leave them behind.- afghanistan. please, don't leave them behind. don't close the gates- _ leave them behind. don't close the gates. let's _ leave them behind. don't close the gates. let's get _ leave them behind. don't close the gates. let's get the - leave them behind. don't close the gates. let's get the most l the gates. let's get the most vulnerable people into the united kingdom and into safety notjust interpreters but those who fought on the battlefield against the taliban and those who thought that ideology and are under significant threat. the taliban control the streets of kabul and decide who gets out. with any advice to stay away from the airport there are now serious questions about how this operation will end and how many more people will make it to safety. many more people will make it to safety. for more on the latest security warnings on afghanistan here's our washington correspondent, nomia iqbal.
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this alert is telling people who have gone to the airport to leave immediately and those who are planning together to stay away at this time. i guess this begs the question at what time are they supposed to get the airport given that time is unneighbourly�*s site here. it is running out and you have a hard deadline for the 31st approaching. and i think there will be fears that many people might not listen to these warnings given that people are so desperate to leave afghanistan. in terms of the threat itself, on monday president biden talked about isis—k. this is the afghan version of the so—called islamic state, a terror group. and it was formed that date back several years ago in pakistan and is made up of former taliban members. isis—k and the taliban are actually sworn enemies. us intelligence officials and military are concerned that isis—k could carry out attacks at the airport and they have carried out several attacks across afghanistan this year which is why this threat is so serious.
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nato has said this threat is not theoretical. it could actually happen. so i guess it begs another question, with this evacuation mission go to plan? will everyone who wants to get out to get out in time? well, the us secretary of state said in his press conference yesterday that this mission will go to plan and people who want to leave afghanistan will be able to do so. given that isis—k and the taliban are sworn enemies i suspect this is why the us has struck this extraordinary deal with the taliban because the taliban don't want isis—k to take over in any shape or form so this is why the us will probably be relying on the taliban to help them ensure safe passage for everybody that wants to get out of afghanistan. that is, if the taliban sticks to its promise. let's get some of the day's other news. the new governor of new york has revealed that at least
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12,000 more people have died of coronavirus in the state than previously reported by her predecessor, andrew cuomo. kathy hochul was speaking on her second day in office. new research in west africa has shown that combining an anti malaria vaccine with a preventative drug lowered hospitalisations and deaths from the disease by more than 70 %. but a key precondition was for the medical cocktail to be administered just before the start of the annual rainy season in june. malaria kills more than 400 thousand people each year. a three—storey apartment building has collapsed in spain trapping at least two people in the town of peniscola, near valencia. firefighters managed to locate one of the people trapped in the rubble who was still conscious and able to communicate with the rescuers. engineers are still
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investigating the cause of the collapse. the greek prime minister says a string of devastating wildfires this summer has underlined the need for radical shifts in behaviour to tackle global warming. fires have torn through several mediterranean countries — including greece, turkey, spain and italy — and russia has been battling its own record—breaking fire season. courtney bembridge reports. this was the scene facing firefighters in central russia. a wall of flames which had them quickly surrounded. translation: the flames were rising up to 30 or 40 metres and it was absolutely horrible. the wind was pushing, blazing pieces of wood were flying around. just 100—150 metres away. it was a storm of a fire. a storm of ashes and smoke. this is russia's second worst fire season since the turn of the century. fuelled by extreme heat, they've burned through more than 70 million
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hectares of land. experts say climate change has made the country's huge expanses of forest drier, hotter and increasingly vulnerable to wildfires. europe has also hit record temperatures this summer and wildfires have torn through the mediterranean. the greek prime minister described it as a bitter cost of climate change. translation: we recognise that dealing with the climate crisis is forcing us to change everything. the way we produce agricultural products, how we move around, how we generate energy and the way we build our homes. everything must change in this immense effort to mitigate the impact of the climate crisis to whatever extent possible. scientists say last year was the warmest on record across europe, exceeding this previous record by a considerable amount, and they are again calling for actions with a crucial moment on the horizon. leaders from almost 200 countries will meet in
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glasgow in novemberfor a major climate conference. described as the world's last best chance to tackle climate change. according to a new climate report, last year was the warmest on record across europe. temperatures across the region were more than 1.9 degrees celcius above the long—term average between 1981 and 2010. the state of the climate 2020 report from the american meteorological society says temperatures in the arctic are also rising rapidly, with temperatures over land — the highest since records began in 1900. professor will steffen from the climate council of australia says the findings are very worrying. i think we should be very concerned because this is ultimately driven by a very long term trend in the climate system, driven by primarily the
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emission of fossil fuels. and unfortunately, about two decades of worsening weather are already baked into the system from pasta mission so this is telling us two things. we have to be prepared and deal with worsening effects for some time into the future and we must act now if we want to have any chance of stabilising the climate system by mid—century. what we can say with a high degree of probability is that it is extremely unlikely these would have occurred without climate change. another word you can look at long—term observational records in europe around the world and so on and see how often events like this happen. what seen now as these events are not only occurring far more frequently, they are becoming more extreme. extreme heat has higher temperatures, more area fires are burning. extreme rainfall is becoming even more intense and the only plausible explanation is the fact that climate change is driving this change and extreme weather. driving this change and extreme weather. at least 20 people have died in the western venezuelan state
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of merida following intense rains that have triggered mudslides and caused rivers to overflow. more than a thousand homes have been destroyed and more than a dozen people remain missing, as rescue workers continue to search the affected areas. the merida state governor has admitted that neither the state nor municipal governments have the resources to help the affected areas. the united nations estimates that drought brought on by the effects of climate change could displace as many as 700 million people by the end of this decade. this is no more acutely being felt than in the anosy region of southern madagascar, where years of failed rains has left hundreds of thousands of people staring down the barrel of what the un is calling the world's first �*climate change famine'. marina daras has more.
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isolated farm communities like this in the village in madagascar�*s southern anosy region are some of the last people to contribute to climate change. but they are among the first to suffer its devastating consequences. the words first climate change, according to the un. villagers have no crops. humanitarian workers have infrequent access and bandits plunder what is left. after three years without rain, when the first load of food aid finally got three in march year, it was too late. 150 villagers had already died. they make to with what they have. her daughter uses an old rice sack is addressed. it doubles up as a bed to her brother. in an area where people depend on their own aquaculture to survive, the land is seven times more barren thanit land is seven times more barren than it was even a year ago.
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translation: we eat wild fruits but we are not able to cook them. we put them in the pot. we cover them with water but of all. i would like a blanket, clothes and sandals, but most of all i would like to eat. other madagascar experiences frequent droughts and is often affected by changing weather patterns, the un experts point the latest reports to draw a direct link between climate change and the current crisis. the president has pledged to launch infrastructure projects. translation: he absolutely wants these to have a real impact on people within 18 months. of course, we are talking about roads. you must consider the delays in boat
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construction. we are talking about a pipeline so that obviously is a big project that will start in january. obviously is a big project that will start injanuary. but obviously is a big project that will start in january. but that may be too late. the world food programme says it needs $78 million to get through the next traditional lean season before harvest. which starts in october. forty—six migrants rescued in the atlantic ocean were transported to the island of gran canaria on wednesday. the dinghy which was intercepted 60 kilometres south of gran canaria was carrying 30 men and 14 women, including a baby and a minor. so far this year more than 8,000 migrants have made the dangerous crossing from the coast of west africa to the canaries. that's twice as many as in the same period in 2020, which itself saw an eightfold increase from 2019. stay with us on bbc news — still to come. farfrom home — the girls of the afghan robotics team — who have joined
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the exodus from kabul. he's the first african—american to win the presidential nomination of a major party, and he accepts exactly 45 years ago to the day that martin luther king declared, "i have a dream." as darkness falls tonight, and unfamiliar light will appear in the southeastern sky — an orange glowing disc that's brighter than anything save the moon — our neighbouring planet, mars. there is no doubt that this election is an important milestone in the birth of east timor as the world's newest nation. it'll take months and billions of dollars to repair— what katrina achieved injust hours. - three weeks is the longest the great clock has been
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off—duty in 117 years, so it was with great satisfaction that clockmaker john vernon swung the pendulum to set the clock going again. big ben chimes this is bbc news — the latest headlines. the united states and britain warn their citizens to stay away from kabul airport — amid fears of a potential terror attack. the pentagon says around 10,000 people are currently there — as the scramble to leave the country gathers pace. as we've seen — the exodus from afghanistan continues — with thousands of people flying out of kabul airport. countries as diverse as australia, uganda and south korea are offering refuge to men, women and children.
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and mexico has accepted five women who made a name for themselves on the international stage. the bbc�*s tim allman reports. for so many, they were symbols of what a new afghanistan could be. young, educated women excelling in science and technology. they had competed and won awards at international robotics festivals. then the taliban came, and they decided to leave. when we entered the plane, we were so sad because we left everything in afghanistan. we left our families, we left our friends and all of our relatives. and without saying any goodbye to them. after a brief stop in qatar, they finally reach their new home. part of the coordinated international operation
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designed to represent universal values. translation: they are the bearers of a dream and a reality that they have dealt with many difficulties. demonstrating that we can have an egalitarian, fraternal world with gender equality. so we consider it very important to open our home to them. the taliban had banned girls from school and women from work when they last governed the country. now they say they will prioritise women's rights and education. the women from the afghan robotics team have their doubts and regrets. the thing that i really miss is about my family friends that we had lots of good days together. lots of funny, just, memories i have, but unfortunately, i reallyjust missed them and i hope that one day i can go back to afghanistan and see them again. until then, a new life and new opportunities far from home. don't forget you can get more
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on the rapidly developing situation in afghanistan on our website. there you'll find a live page updated with the latest developments as those evacuations from kabul airport gather pace. the swedish furniture giant ikea stands accused of destroying valuable old—growth forests in romania, where it is the single biggest landowner. agent green, a romanian environmental group, has published a report, detailing what it claims are destructive logging practices on areas owned by the company in several mountainous regions of the country. the company has denied the allegations, saying it managed its forests responsibly and followed national laws in each country where it owns forests — while meeting requirements for fsc certification. our correspondent nick thorpe went to investigate in the spruce forests of the mara—muresh
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region of northern romania. the menu has been stripped of many of its most valuable forests. ikea is a relative newcomer to the market. this is one of its partials. the environmentalist raised many concerns. the fact it was cut, the way and the mess they say was left behind. ikea has become, the last few years, the romanian largest private forest owner. they claim whatever they do a sustainable and certified but in reality we found cuts like these which are followed by massive landslides. ikea
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earns 50,000 hectares of forest. one of the sources of spruce and beechwood for its iconic chairs and other furniture. in response to our questions the company told the bbc. ., , . , ., bbc. our ob'ective is to minimise _ bbc. our objective is to minimise impact - bbc. our objective is to minimise impact on - bbc. our objective is to minimise impact on the environment and we are actively committed to improving operations and exploring better ways of working. we plan on strict management measures that will preserve and increase the quality of the forest environment and biodiversity over time. to get an idea of the wider destruction of romanian forests which has nothing to do with ikea, i've come here which is supposed to be part of the natural park. including the reservation. thousands of hectares of clearcuts. there is not much left of it. villagers complained of the hunger of the timber industry for trees and local corruption leaves little firewood for them. since the
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company started exploiting forest in the area we cannot get our hands on woods any more and with their telling of the forest is exhausted. we know there is wood for the big companies, there is none for us, the locals. bill companies, there is none for us, the locals.— companies, there is none for us, the locals. all sides agree on the right — us, the locals. all sides agree on the right to _ us, the locals. all sides agree on the right to find _ us, the locals. all sides agree on the right to find the - us, the locals. all sides agree on the right to find the right l on the right to find the right balance between conservation and commercial exploitation. i don emerging from the fog, it clear there are still forest in romania left to save. south african tennis ace kgothatso montjane says her aim is a place on the paralympic podium in tokyo, having already broken new ground this year. injuly she became the first african to reach a grand slam wheelchair singles final, losing at wimbledon, where she also lost in the final of the women's doubles. she's now looking to serve up a performance that will inspire other african
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wheelchair tennis players. i'm from south africa and i am the first south african women to play at wimbledon to have finally made it to the final. it is such a step closer to victory. i have got messages from, you know, the president. that was amazing because he is a legend. i am trailblazing, you know, because where i come from we don't have a tennis coach, you know, so for me i think i can say i am an inspiration to those who are coming from you know, backgrounds. my disability is a congenital disability. i had my leg amputated at the age of 12. my leg amputated at the age of 12. my parents explained to me that it is going to be beneficial, they're going to give me a leg and i'm going to walk properly. for me, i would not want to use
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a wheelchair every day, because in a country where i am, accessibility is quite a problem. so ijust prefer to stay on the prosthetic leg because it makes me more mobile. the pandemic has affected me. i'm still struggling to shed the lockdown weight but i think the hard court is my favourite surface because it is the service i am exposed to and i train on and i am happy on the hard court. you'll actually changing spots in africa for black women because especially in the type of sports there are a lot of people asking for autographs, especially the small ones. they get so tuned in when they see her. this will be my fourth paralympics. previously it was a total disappointment because i thought i was ready. iliiui’itli a total disappointment because i thought i was ready.— i thought i was ready. with the momentum — i thought i was ready. with the momentum from _ i thought i was ready. with the momentum from wimbledon i i thought i was ready. with the l momentum from wimbledon we definitely are looking to get a
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medal back to south africa. when you are disadvantaged areas, we tend to think we don't belong. if i can get a medal ijust feel like it don't belong. if i can get a medal i just feel like it will actually change the mindset of actually change the mindset of a lot of people in the country or in africa. but mostly for me it is the younger generation to take up the sport. if i get cold that is a bonus but to be honest, i will be happy with whatever colour. but ijust want to finish on the podium. let's hope she does. thursday day two of the paralympics in tokyo. 4,000 disabled athletes from more than 100 and 60 countries are taking part in two weeks of competition. the first gold medal on day 2 was won by the dutch cyclist larissa klaasen — here on the left. she won the women's "b 1000 metres time trial" — along with her pilot imke brommer. klaasen won silver in the event in rio in 2016 — but this is the first paralympic gold medal of her career. it's the netherlands�* 2nd gold medal of the tokyo games.
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overall in the medals table australia remains in the lead so far with china a close second and the russian paralympic committee in third place. hello there. we just had the hottest day of the month on wednesday. and it was western scotland the place to be. looks lovely in the sunshine and temperatures reached 27 celsius. now, it won't get as hot as that again through the rest of the month because we've got this weather front moving down toward the southwest of the uk. it's bringing in cloud, one or two spots of rain just for a while, and as that weather front moves through, so we introduce a cooler wind off the north sea. that's blowing in cooler air and it's dropping the temperatures as well. we start with some fog, though, quite extensively across northern ireland in the morning. not so much fog in scotland. the fog will lift. the cloud that we start with in wales and the southwest will break up. sunshine for many western areas. but the wind will continue to blow in more cloud
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to the eastern side of the uk. should get more sunshine, though, for the northern isles, some areas of cloud lingering across some easternmost parts of scotland. much of the country, though, seeing the sunshine and temperatures 23, maybe 24 in the west of scotland this time. could make 22 or 23 in fermanagh and tyrone. always warmer for wales, western parts of england. down the eastern side, a lot of cloud, a cooler wind as well. and around the coasts in particular, temperatures could be no better than 16 or 17 degrees. there could be a hint of sunshine now and again, but generally it's going to be pretty cloudy at headingley for day 2 of an exciting test match. not quite so chilly on friday. by this stage, the cloud is pushing more towards wales and western parts of england, and that means we should get a bit more sunshine for the eastern side of england. there will be some areas of cloud for scotland and northern ireland, some spells of sunshine too, and temperatures are back down to around 19 or 20 degrees typically, perhaps a little lower than that in the far north and east of scotland. heading into the weekend, big area of low pressure is bringing lots of showers
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into central europe. they're not far away from the southeast on saturday, but over the weekend, it's high pressure that should tend to dominate. always a wind coming in from the north sea, some brisk winds for the southeast of england. should be a fair bit of sunshine, though, i think, on saturday, some patchy cloud bubbling up here and there. and in the sunshine, again, across western scotland, we could see temperatures up to 22 degrees. second half of the weekend, still dry, high pressure around, bit breezy and cooler around some of those north sea coasts, a bit more cloud perhaps coming into scotland and northern ireland, sunshine for england and wales and temperatures typically 19 or 20 celsius.
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this is bbc news with the latest business headlines act now or no turkey for christmas! leading uk supermarket�*s demand government action as the shortage of lorry drivers causes more supply chain disruption. turbulence for workers of delta airlines — who are told to getjabbed or face a monthly surcharge. and the game of golf swings past the pandemic blues, as a surge of women take up the sport for the first time. but will they cash in on the game's rising popularity?

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