welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. as the first aid from the world food programme arrives in afghanistan — since the taliban captured the capital — we have a special report from the pakistan border — on the worsening refugee crisis. if anyone, like, give me a home, give me a place to stay, give me a hope, like, welcome me with open arms, like, pave the way for me to study, to do what i want, i will 100% serve them — there's no doubt about it. iran and the un nuclear inspection agency strike a deal on monitoring some iranian nuclearfacilities — in talks described as constructive. and also in the programme:
we remember the first racially—motivated hate crime — the murder of balbir singh sodhi — in the backlash against the september 11 attacks. russia's danniil medvedev wins the us open, shattering djokovic�*s dream of netting four grand slam titles in a year. it's seven in the morning in singapore, and 3.30 in the morning in kabul where the the united nations world food programme says a plane bringing much needed aid has landed for the first time since the taliban captured the afghan capital nearly a month ago. it comes as tens of thousands of refugees are thought to have crossed the border into pakistan in the weeks since the fall of kabul.
they'rejoining a huge population of afghan refugees already in the country — a million and a half who are registered and an estimated one million others who are undocumented. our world affairs editorjohn simpson has travelled through the khyber pass — to the border between pakistan and afghanistan at torkham. every inch has been fought over for 3000 years. the insignia of former british and indian regiments are carefully preserved along the way, and the khyber�*s a major trade route. trucks toil up the gradients carrying afghan fruit and vegetables into pakistan — the occasional passenger too. smugglers trudge along the footpaths as they always have. at the head of the khyber, torkham, a border crossing into afghanistan. now above it is a white flag carrying the shahada, the muslim proclamation
of faith. up there is a makeshift taliban flag — not, you notice, the afghan national flag, even though this is the afghan border. just over there, two soldiers facing off. the nearer one is pakistani, the further one is taliban with a white facemask. behind them is a growing crowd of people, desperate to get into pakistan. many of them are hoping to get through on medical grounds, and if they've got the right documents, both the taliban and the pakistanis will let them and their families through. they shuffle along in a continuous line — and you can see how happy they are when they finally made it through. this taliban guard seems relaxed, but makes no apologies for what's happened. "the set—up in afghanistan has changed," he tells me. "it was democratic, now
the flag of the islamic emirate flies over it." at a border crossing further south, there's been a continuous flood of refugees. most will end up staying here in pakistan, though the younger ones dream of getting out. anwar, for instance, from an afghan family which has lost almost everything, is desperate to get to the west. if anyone, like, give me a home, give me a place to stay, give me a hope, like, welcome me with open arms, like, pave the way for me to study, to do what i want, i will 100% serve them — there's no doubt about it. this refugee camp outside peshawar opened up a0 long years ago. muhammad wazir was ten when he arrived. he used to long to return. now he knows it'll never happen. "what could i do there?" he says.
"if the fighting goes on, there'll be no work. "what's the point?" now, a new generation of refugees is growing up here. how long before they despair of going home? john simpson, bbc news, peshawar. there's plenty more coverage on afghanistan online including an article looking at the taliban's new rules on female students which include universities being segregated by gender, and a new islamic dress code will be introduced. just go to the bbc news website. still to come a bit later in the programme: we'll be hearing from a doctor who returned back to his home in singapore after 16—years working in afghanistan. but first. an agreement that gives time for diplomacy, that's the assessment on the un's nuclear watchdog, after they struck a deal with
the new government in tehran. international inspectors will be allowed to service cameras that gather data at some key locations. the iranian refusal to allow them access had brought efforts to revive the international nuclear agreement to the brink of rupture. the move eases tensions —— but the thorny issue of the country's nuclear programme is yet to be defused. after his lighting visit to the iranian capital, the head of the iaea — rafael grossi — acknowledged that he'd not healed any wounds, but applied some diplomatic sticking plaster: the content annuity of the operation of the agencies equipment here, which is indispensable for us to provide the necessary guarantees and the necessary guarantees and the information to the world
that everything is in order and we are going to be able to assist also, to assist iran and its future negotiations in the context of this. mark fitzpatrick worked for 26 years at the us state department in many roles including as deputy assistant secretary for non—proliferation. now with the international institute for strategic studies. he gave me his view of the deal. this will preserve the prospect of a diplomatic solution. it doesn't solve anything. itjust avoids disaster and that is a good thing. but the path ahead does not look so promising, i'm sorry to say. does not look so promising, i'm sorry to say-— sorry to say. avoiding disaster is usually _ sorry to say. avoiding disaster is usually a — sorry to say. avoiding disaster is usually a good _ sorry to say. avoiding disaster is usually a good thing. - sorry to say. avoiding disaster is usually a good thing. i'm i is usually a good thing. i'm glad that this indeed happened.
but they have repeated several times that this is not a permanent solution and what is a permanent solution?- permanent solution and what is a permanent solution? there are a permanent solution? there are a coule a permanent solution? there are a couple of _ a permanent solution? there are a couple of issues _ a permanent solution? there are a couple of issues here. - a permanent solution? there are a couple of issues here. one - a permanent solution? there are a couple of issues here. one is i a couple of issues here. one is getting the organisation restored and this preserves the possibility for this because if they had not done this today, there would've been a resolution that would've criticised, censored iran and then iran would've broken off talks altogether. whether or not iran comes back and they come back, but we do not know. but at least it is possible now. but all of this evidence that iran had been conducting nuclear weapons work had not been reported to them. and they have found traces of uranium pointing to it and that all looms as a rather difficult issue because i do not think
iran is ever going to admit to this nuclear weapons work and it casts a shadow over everything. it casts a shadow over everything-— it casts a shadow over everything. it casts a shadow over eve hina. ., . everything. how much with the new government _ everything. how much with the new government make - everything. how much with the new government make a - new government make a difference to the situation? to these talks?— these talks? i'm afraid this new government _ these talks? i'm afraid this new government makes i these talks? i'm afraid this| new government makes the these talks? i'm afraid this - new government makes the talks much, much harder. in the spring, the united states and the european partners and iran came very close to reaching an agreement on restoring the jcpoa. there was some sticking points because the supreme leader was very inflexible. he is making demands like every single one of president trump's sanctions had to be lifted. 1005 or 600 of them. and the united states was able to lift over a thousand but a lot of them at nothing to do with the jcpoa and they were for things
like human rights violations. the murder of hundreds of protesters in december 2019, for example. so those are hurdles. the former government was ready to make a deal that the foreign minister made a report to the parliament in mid july and outlined all of the compromise the youth the united states had made and said we just need to make a few more and then we will get it done. the new government is even tougher. the new government is even tou:her. , ., , , tougher. tensions between them and the west _ tougher. tensions between them and the west as _ tougher. tensions between them and the west as you _ tougher. tensions between them and the west as you have - tougher. tensions between them and the west as you have been l and the west as you have been talking about, have not really beenin talking about, have not really been in the best position. it would be fair to say. how do you see thejoe biden administration dealing with iran? ., �* ., administration dealing with iran? �* ., ., , iran? joe biden made a pledge that he would _ iran? joe biden made a pledge that he would restore - iran? joe biden made a pledge that he would restore the - that he would restore thejcpoa in january. that he would restore thejcpoa injanuary. he did not move very quickly on it because he had so many things he had to do, including getting appointees through a very divided congress. in february, he started and they got talks
going eventually but he is not getting to the point where he is wondering whether or not this deals with saving because every day that passes, as iran accumulates more uranium gets more knowledge about how to make it further enriched, it reduces the value of this deal. so, i'm not entirely sure that the biden administration is ready to make the compromises that iran is demanding. state media in north korea is reporting that the country has carried out a series of long—range cruise missile tests. they took place over the weekend — and they're the first such tests sincejoe biden took office in the united states. talks between the two countries broke down in twenty—nineteen — and north korea has refused american demands to dismantle its nuclear and military arsenal. the latest tests were described as a means of �*containing the military manoeuvres of the hostile forces'. let's take a look at some other stories
in the headlines. several hundred brazilians have protested in sao paolo against presidentjair bolsonaro. they demanded his impeachment, in demonstrations called by conservative groups. it comes days after more than a hundred thousand people gathered in the same city in support for the embattled far—right leader. the three frontrunners to succeed angela merkel as german chancellor have held the second of three televised debates, with two weeks until the election. 0pinion polls suggest that many voters remain undecided. chancellor merkel�*s preferred successor, the conservative cdu leader armin laschet, has been under pressure to catch up lost ground. the first ever professional football league injapan for women has kicked off. it's official name is the women empowerment league, with 11 teams. it aims to revitalise the women's gameand to become it aims to revitalise the women's game and to become a driving force for gender
equality injapan. half the staff on each team has to be female. stadiums must have day—care facilities for players with children. if you want to get in touch with me i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. russia's daniil medvedev wins the us open, leaving novak djokovic's grand slam dream shattered. 30 hours after the earthquake that devastated mexico city, people have no idea how many
people have died. there's people alive and not alive. we're just going to give them whatever we've got. a state funeral has been held for princess grace she married 26 years ago. it looked like they had come to fight a war but the mission is to bring peace to east timor and no other place needs it more badly. the governments case is being presented by the justice minister. he's campaigned vigorously for abolition after seeing one his clients executed. hundreds of pilgrimages are made here. not that she has become a saint, it is expected that this area will be inundated with tourists. the local businessman regard this as yet another lesson of saint elizabeth. this is newsday on the bbc.
0ur headlines. as the first aid from the world food programme arrives in afghanistan — since the taliban captured the capital — the afghan refugee crisis on the pakistan border worsens. iran and the un nuclear inspection agency strike a deal on monitoring some iranian nuclearfacilities — in talks described as constructive. a looming humanitarian catastrophe is how the united nations is describing the situation in afghanistan. is describing the situation it will host a high level meeting later on monday in a bid to convince governments to maintain humanitarian support for the country despite the taliban's return to power. the un estimates that 18 million afghans — almost half the population, are in need of assistance. dr hakim young has been working as a doctor in afghanistan for 16 years —
he's recntly returned to singapore. i asked him what he's been hearing from his colleagues still in the country. well, my friends are fearful, angry, anxious, sad and have chronic trauma. and the sense that the world has abandoned them as the struggle with basic survival needs and safe shelter, food and water. mainly, members forfood shelter, food and water. mainly, members for food and positions in their nervous about how the new government will behave. and distrustful of global powers and the university and graduates need food and soon, the last few weeks selling bananas and vegetables and pushing carts. and i do miss sharing the news with them even though the
security and couple was worsening dramatically in recent years. security and kabul. what daily life is looking like in afghanistan right now. the wind is the you sing there's a crisis there and what is needed for there and what is needed for the most vulnerable? i think trauma is a real urgent need, despite food, water and safe shelter. the un has estimated that one third of afghans worry about where the next meal is going to come from. and they also reported that 72% of afghans live below the poverty line. so, as the harsh winter
is coming up, it is very important for the world to support afghans as they struggle to provide food for the families and there is also a water crisis over this year from climate to drought. share from climate to drought. are --eole from climate to drought. are peeple getting _ from climate to drought. are people getting the help that they need? is a getting to those who most need it? the aide is getting _ those who most need it? tue: aide is getting through the big agencies who can get to the new government. but with local ngo that used to operate, the urgent task would get supplies and and getting reliable means of receiving funds to the
organisations who support ordinary afghans. in the last half hour daniil medvedev has won the us open men's final. he beat the world number one, novak djokovic, and crushed the serbs hopes of becoming the first man in more than half a century to win all four grand slam tournaments in the same year. he won in three sets as djokovic's game was far off his usual high standard. it means he still needs to win one more grand slam title to get to a record twenty—one major titles — one more than roger federer and rafa nadal. let's speak to our tennis correspondent russell fuller exciting match to have been witnessing. did you expect this? i witnessing. did you expect this? ., , ., , witnessing. did you expect
this? ., , ~ , this? i thought this was likely to be his toughest _ this? i thought this was likely to be his toughest task - this? i thought this was likely to be his toughest task of - this? i thought this was likely to be his toughest task of all| to be his toughest task of all in the single match is that he is played because he was aware of the history he was chasing and very tired, not to suggest some new matches, but of other matches here and the well was dry for him this evening and his opponent was the worst when it could possibly be because he's been threatening to win the grand slam for a while now and he is particularly impressive to see the route number two. you are serving magnificently and ultimately a straight set victory means that he joins and recently it's been a very select band of champions with roger federer and rafael who remains tight on grand slams winning the majority of them. t slams winning the ma'ority of them. . ., , , slams winning the ma'ority of them. ., ., , , ., them. i apologise, he put on such a fantastic _ them. i apologise, he put on such a fantastic show - them. i apologise, he put on such a fantastic show and - them. i apologise, he put on l such a fantastic show and he is so close to that record as you
pointed out and certainly in the league of the giants now. what is next for him, do you think? t what is next for him, do you think? ~' what is next for him, do you think? ~ , , , think? i think these players still have — think? i think these players still have a _ think? i think these players still have a huge _ think? i think these players still have a huge amount i think? i think these players still have a huge amount toj still have a huge amount to play for. he is only 25 and therefore, he will be approaching five or six years of his career in the anticipation would be particularly on the hard—core. he is not sure if you will win more grand slam titles and for novak doctor mitch, he is his motivation to win is been very high, he is only 3a, incredibly fit —— djokovic. and incredibly fit —— djokovic. and in many ways, he will be encouraged by the reception he got from the crowd when he was staring certain defeat in the face, the crowd is not appreciated as warmly as they have been in a, as he prepared to come off or turn to be the
final game, he was in tears on his chair and final game, he was in tears on his chairand on final game, he was in tears on his chair and on the trophy presentation efforts, those cheers and that support had filled his heart withjoy cheers and that support had filled his heart with joy and the crowd touched his soul and made him the happiest man alive. ., , ., made him the happiest man alive. . , ., ., , made him the happiest man alive. . ., , , alive. that is a lovely story that shows _ alive. that is a lovely story that shows the _ alive. that is a lovely story that shows the moments l alive. that is a lovely story| that shows the moments of emotion and a tennis match and just briefly now, that dream is gone, as you pointed out. what's next for him? t gone, as you pointed out. what's next for him? i think to win all four _ what's next for him? i think to win all four grand _ what's next for him? i think to win all four grand slam - what's next for him? i think to j win all four grand slam singles titles in one year is probably something he will not achieve, it seemed impossible that anyone would do it in this era. novak djokovic, and time where they have missed the last two grand slams of the year, but the reason why it has not been done since 1969 and that it's incredibly difficult to do is you have four grand slams, after when on three different services and for very different cities, with four very different climates and very
different climates and very different time zones. i think his ambition burns brightly as ever to win more grand slam singles titles and plays think he is capable of winning quite a few more. he is capable of winning quite a few more-— a few more. think you for “oininu a few more. think you for joining us _ a few more. think you for joining us a _ a few more. think you for joining us a new - a few more. think you for joining us a new stay - a few more. think you for joining us a new stay with j a few more. think you for - joining us a new stay with that story. in the wake of the 9/11 terror attacks, the us saw a sharp rise in hate crimes. the attackers — mostly self—styled white patriots — targeted those they believed to be arab muslims. the innocent victims included balbir singh sodhi an american—sikh who had a beard and wore a turban and ran the family gas station in mesa, arizona. his murder, four days after 9/11, was the first racially—motivated hate crime in the backlash to the attacks. balbir�*s brother, and for the first time, his son and the gunman spoke to jatinder dhillon. shrai popat is the video producer. you may find some
parts upsetting. losing a brother, i think i lost so much love, because, to me, he treated me like a younger brother, and he treated me like a son and baby, and he treated me like a friend. i miss him and we always talk about him — every day. there's something, there is conversation going on, then his name is come up. we were also shocked when we saw that footage on the tv, the planes going through those buildings, and after, hours later, they start showing 05ama bin laden on the tv, and, as sikh community, i knew that — or we all knew — there might be a backlash against sikhs. i called my dad to be careful, too, because he wears a turban all the time, even at work and stuff, and he said "no, no,"
everybody's so nice to him there so he's ok here, he's safe here, so... that's what my last conversation with him. every year, i go through this i tough time of feeling so much sorrow for causing that family is so much pain. _ sorrow for causing that family so much pain. . what prevented me from seeing him as a fellow human - being was all the news events of the destruction of 9/11, - womenjumping from those buildings to their deaths, . it caused such anguish. my feelings toward frank silva, i... i never, ever met that person, personally, because ijust saw him on the court states and stuff. they ask me, like, do you
forget, forgive this person? i say no, i cannot forgive. he took my father away from me. that's all for now — stay with bbc world news. hello. there's a weather system bringing cloud across the uk. initially most of the rain will be across western parts and as we head across monday and into tuesday, some of that rain will be quite widespread and quite heavy, but you can see by the position of the weather system why it really is mostly across western areas for monday, we are going to see some rain. lots of cloud to begin with, parts of wales, western england, perhaps into the eastern side of northern ireland and south of scotland with some rain, chilly in north—east scotland with clear skies and mist and fog patches to begin with, north—east scotland will hold
onto the lion's share the sunshine in the day ahead with a few brighter breaks across east anglia and south—east england as well. much of wales, the western side of england, northern ireland, southern and western scotland, cloudy, and there will be some but further east, much of the day will be dry but there will still be quite a bit of cloud to be had. the highest temperatures with those sunny spells towards east anglia and south—east england, just getting up to around 20 degrees and for many it is mid to high teens. that's how things are shaping up as we have gone through monday night and you can see some outbreaks of rain just becoming a little more widespread and some heavier bursts just pushing up across southern parts of england going into tuesday morning and temperatures holding up in the mid to low teens. still some clear spells in northern scotland. so, some heavier bursts of rain around, during tuesday, affecting parts of england and wales, so wales turning dry as the day goes on but still potential for some rain affecting central and eastern parts of england even into the evening. a few showers around in scotland and northern ireland. once that weather
system clears away, wednesday morning, there could be mist and fog patches around and wales and england. sunny spells going through, weaker weather system will deliver a bit of cloud and patchy rain into parts of scotland and northern ireland as the day goes on. temperatures edging upwards a little bit, 21 celsius in cardiff, for example. there's a ridge of high pressure, largely fine on thursday. low pressure on friday. thursday is going to be the driest, the brightest day of the week. that's more widely across the uk. by friday, the winds are picking up and there is some wet weather spreading from west to east across us. that is your weather for the week ahead.