welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines... north korean media claims the country's successfully tested a new long—range missile — we'll get the latest from our correspondent in the region. as the first aid from the world food programme arrives in afghanistan — since the taliban captured the capital — we have a special report from the pakistan border — on the worsening refugee crisis. give mea give me a home, give me a place to stay, like, a place for me to stay, like, a place for me to study, to do it i went to my welt 100% stay with them, that is no doubt about it. iran and the un nuclear inspection agency strike a deal
on monitoring some iranian nuclearfacilities — in talks described as constructive. we remember the first racially—motivated hate crime — the murder of balbir singh sodhi — in the backlash against the september 11 attacks. and also in the programme: and russia's danniil medvedev wins the us open, shattering djokovic�*s dream of netting four grand slam titles in a year. live from our studio in singapore. this is bbc news. it's newsday. it's 8am in singapore, and nine in the morning in pyongyang where north korea claims to have carried out successful long—range cruise missile tests over the weekend — according to state media. the report said the missiles flew 1,500 kilometres before hitting their targets. pyongyang has continued
to develop its arsenal despite being subject to strict international sanctions. let's cross live to seoul — and speak to the bbc�*s laura bicker. she has been following the story follows sacha —— she has been monitoring this for us. talk about how significant that is in comparison to the other tests we have seen from north korea. what can this weapon do? how far can it reach?— how far can it reach? well, this is a — how far can it reach? well, this is a cruise _ how far can it reach? well, this is a cruise missile, - how far can it reach? well, this is a cruise missile, a l this is a cruise missile, a long—range cruise missile, and analysts have been looking at the pictures in state media this morning. they said this is the kind of weapon that they showed up at a parade but we have not seen tests fired before. we —— the thing about the cruise missile is fis very low and it is very difficult to detect by radar. we haven't had this test confirmed by either the south korean military or us officials. however, some have
stated that sometimes because it's not a ballistic missile test, and that the key difference, because it's not a ballistic missile test, it means that perhaps they didn't inform us at this time, but when it comes to the difference, when it comes to cruise missiles it's not subject to the same un international sanctions as ballistic missiles, but when you speak to analysts, dismissal is still capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. so there is a very strategic weapon. there is a very strategic weapon-— there is a very strategic weaon. . ., ., ., weapon. lara, good to get that distinction _ weapon. lara, good to get that distinction there, _ weapon. lara, good to get that distinction there, and - distinction there, and certainly the fact that we have yet to receive confirmation from both the south koreans and americans as you point out, but i know you have been following this story for a long time, obviously, and the fact that these weapons had been designed over the last two years it would seem, that they were and developmentjust would seem, that they were and development just after those d talks broke down in 2019 at that summit between the president and kim jong—il and
that you were at. what signal does this send to the us? well, art of does this send to the us? well, part of the _ does this send to the us? well, part of the thing _ does this send to the us? well, part of the thing that _ does this send to the us? well, part of the thing that we - does this send to the us? well, part of the thing that we have . part of the thing that we have been analysing over the last few years, especially since there has been a new president in the united states, north korea has been pretty quiet. they have been very few missile tests. two cruise missile tests in march, and that has been about it, so we have been watching north korea carefully. that doesn't mean that north korea is not developing weapons. recently, there has been activity at one of its meaning nuclear plants. it could be that it did is developing materialfor could be that it did is developing material for nuclear weapons, and that is something that certainly many satellite images have confirmed. so it doesn't mean that north korea has stopped in anyway developing weapons. and in hanol developing weapons. and in hanoi, trump and kimjong—il and nightand hanoi, trump and kimjong—il and night and were close to a deal. and that is my understanding. however, that deal fell understanding. however, that dealfell apart, and since deal fell apart, and since then, dealfell apart, and since then, i think kimjong—il and will be reluctant to step
outside his boundary and meet with any us president in the future since president biden has taken control, north korea really hasn't been a policy priority. it's not been the top of his list. analysts here say it should be. analysts here say that when it comes to the likes of these missiles, despite the fact that they are on the cruise missiles, and it does show the capability that pyongyang has, under strict international sanctions of the dire economic crisis, food shortages, they are still able to continue to develop and test new weapons. and that can analysts say, is something to be by the administration should really be taking seriously. laura on that story for us. i am sure she will keep us updated on those developments as they continue to break. we get more analysis from her as that story continues on bbc news. well, let's take a look at some of the other stories and headlines today.
several hundred brazilians have protested in sao paolo against presidentjair bolsonaro. they demanded his impeachment, in demonstrations called by conservative groups. it comes days after more than 100,000 people gathered in the same city in support for the embattled far—right leader. the three frontrunners to succeed angela merkel as german chancellor have held the second of three televised debates, with two weeks until the election. 0pinion polls suggest that many voters remain undecided. chancellor merkel�*s preferred successor, the conservative cdu leader armin laschet, has been under pressure to catch up lost ground. the first ever professional football league injapan for women has kicked off. it aims to revitalise the women's game and to become a driving force for gender equality injapan. half the staff on each team has to be female. stadiums must have day—care facilities for players with children. an agreement that gives
time for diplomacy — that's the assessment on the un's nuclear watchdog — after they struck a deal with the new government in tehran. international inspectors will be allowed to service cameras that gather data at some key locations. the iranian refusal to allow them access had brought efforts to revive the international nuclear agreement to the brink of rupture. the move eases tensions — but the thorny issue of the country's nuclear programme is yet to be defused. after his lighting visit to the iranian capital, the head of the iaea — rafael grossi — acknowledged that he'd not healed any wounds, but applied some diplomatic sticking plaster. the continuity of the operation of the agency's equipment here, which is indispensable for us to provide the necessary guarantees, and the information to the iea and to the world that everything is in order
and that we are going to be able to assist, also, to assist iran in its future negotiations in the context of the jcpoa. mark fitzpatrick worked for 26 years at the us state department in many roles including as deputy assistant secretary for non—proliferation. now with the international institute for strategic studies. he gave me his view of the deal. wow, this is really a necessary step to at least preserve the prospect of a diplomatic solution. it doesn't solve anything, itjust avoids anything, it just avoids disaster, anything, itjust avoids disaster, and that is a good thing. the path ahead doesn't look so promising, i'm sorry to say.
look so promising, i'm sorry to sa . ~' look so promising, i'm sorry to sa , " ., ., look so promising, i'm sorry to sa. ~ ., ., , say. mark, avoiding disaster is usuall a say. mark, avoiding disaster is usually a good _ say. mark, avoiding disaster is usually a good thing. - say. mark, avoiding disaster is usually a good thing. i'm - say. mark, avoiding disaster is usually a good thing. i'm glad | usually a good thing. i'm glad that that indeed has happened, but rafael grossi has repeated several times this is not a permanent solution, so what is a permanent solution? exactly. so there are — a permanent solution? exactly. so there are a _ a permanent solution? exactly. so there are a couple _ a permanent solution? exactly. so there are a couple of - a permanent solution? exactly. so there are a couple of issues| so there are a couple of issues here. one is getting thatjc p0 restored, and what happened today reserves the possibility for this, today reserves the possibility forthis, because today reserves the possibility for this, because if they hadn't done this today, there would've been a resolution in the board of governors that would've criticised iran. whether or not iran comes back and they come back, but we do not know. but at least it is possible now. but all of this evidence that iran had been conducting the second set of issues is this evidence that —— nuclear weapons work had not been reported to them. and they have found traces of uranium pointing to it and that all looms as a rather difficult issue because i do
not think iran is ever going to admit to this nuclear weapons work and it casts a shadow over everything. wa nt to want to tell you more about our top story today in afghanistan. it's been seen as an "a looming humanitarian catastrophe". that is how the united nations is describing the situation in afghanistan. it will host a high level meeting later on monday in a bid to convince governments to maintain humanitarian support for the country despite the taliban's return to power. the united nations world food programme says a plane bringing much needed aid has landed for the first time. the un estimates that 18 million afghans — almost half the population, are in need of assistance. dr hakim young has been working as a doctor in afghanistan for 16 years — he's recntly returned to singapore. i asked him what he's been hearing from his colleagues still in the country. well, my friends are fearful,
angry, anxious, sad and have chronic trauma. and the sense that the world has abandoned them as the struggle with basic survival needs and safe shelter, food and water. mainly, members forfood and positions in their nervous about how the new government will behave. and distrustful of global powers and the university and graduates need food and soon, the last few weeks selling bananas and vegetables and pushing carts. and i do miss sharing the news with them even though the security and couple was worsening dramatically in recent years. security and kabul.
i think we are seeing some pictures of what daily life in afghanistan is like right now. they say there is a looming humanitarian crisis under the way there, what is some of the most urgent medical needs in your opinion, especially for those most vulnerable? well, i think that _ those most vulnerable? well, i think that trauma _ those most vulnerable? well, i think that trauma is _ those most vulnerable? well, i think that trauma is a - those most vulnerable? well, i think that trauma is a real - think that trauma is a real urgent need besides food, water and safe shelter. the un has estimated that one third of afghans worry about where their next meal is going to come from. and they also report that 72% of afghans live below the poverty line. so as the harsh afghan winter is coming up, i think it is very important for the world to support afghans as
they struggle to provide food for their families they struggle to provide food for theirfamilies and they struggle to provide food for their families and there is also a water crisis over this year's clients.— also a water crisis over this year's clients. doctor yang, are people _ year's clients. doctor yang, are people getting - year's clients. doctor yang, are people getting the - year's clients. doctor yang, are people getting the help| are people getting the help that they need? is the age getting to those who most need it? ., , ., it? the aide is getting through that fake agencies _ it? the aide is getting through that fake agencies who - it? the aide is getting through that fake agencies who have . that fake agencies who have negotiated with the neil governments, but on the grounds with the local ngo that use to operate, the urgent tasks would be to get supplies and on the road as well as to have a reliable means of delivering funds to the organisations that support ordinary afghans. that was doctor hakim young
talking to mia about earlier. still to come a bit later in the programme: we'll be hearing from the bbc�*s john simpson who's returned to the afghan border with pakistan — and one of the world's most fought—over stretches of land — the kyber pass. but first. . .. if you want to get in touch with me i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. russia's daniil medvedev wins the us open, leaving novak djokovic's grand slam dream shattered. 30 hours after the earthquake that devastated mexico city, rescue teams still have no idea just how many people have died. well, there's people alive and there's people not alive. we canjust help and give them whatever we've got. a state funeral has been held for princess grace of monacol at the church where she married prince rainier 26 years ago. -
it looked as though they had come to fight a war, but their mission is to bring peace to east timor, and no where on earth needs it more badly. the government's case is being forcefully presented by the justice minister. he's campaigned vigorously for abolition having once witnessed one his clients being executed. elizabeth seton spent much of her time in this grotto, and every year, hundreds of pilgrimages are made here. now that she has become a saint, it is expected that this area will be inundated with tourists. the mayor and local businessman regard the anticipated boom as yet another blessing of saint elizabeth. this is newsday on the bbc. more headlines... north korean media claims the country's successfully tested a new long—range missile firing two rockets more than fifteen hundred kilometres.
as the first aid from the world food programme arrives in afghanistan — since the taliban captured the capital — the afghan refugee crisis on the pakistan border worsens. tens of thousands of refugees are thought to have crossed the border into pakistan in the weeks since the fall of kabul. they'rejoining a huge population of afghan refugees already in the country. our world affairs editorjohn simpson has travelled through the khyber pass — to the border between pakistan and afghanistan at torkham. every inch of ground here has been fought overfor 3,000 years. the insignia of former british and indian regiments are carefully preserved along the way, and the khyber�*s a major trade route. trucks toil up the gradients, carrying afghan fruit and vegetables into pakistan.
the occasional passenger, too. smugglers trudge along the footpaths, as they always have. at the head of the khyber, torkham, the border crossing into afghanistan. now, above it, is a white flag, carrying the shahada, the muslim proclamation of faith. up there is a makeshift taliban flag. not, you'll notice, the afghan national flag, even though this is the afghanistan border. just over there, two soldiers facing off. the nearer one pakistani, the further one is taliban, with a white facemask. behind them is a growing crowd of people, desperate to get into pakistan. many of them are hoping to get through on medical grounds, and if they've got the right documents, both the taliban and the pakistanis will let them and their families through. they shuffle along in a continuous line; you can see how happy
they are when they have finally made it through. this taliban guard seems relaxed, but makes no apologies for what's happened. "the setup in afghanistan has changed," he tells me. "it was democratic. "now, the flag of the islamic emirate flies over it." at a border crossing further south, there's been a continuous flood of refugees. most will end up staying here in pakistan, though the younger ones dream of getting out. anwar, for instance, from an afghan family, which has lost almost everything, is desperate to get to the west. if anyone, like, gives me a home, gives me a place to stay, gives me a hope, like, welcomed me with open arms, like, paved the way for me to study, to do what i want, i would 100% serve them, there
is no doubt about it. this refugee camp, outside peshawar, opened up a0 long years ago. muhammad wasir was ten when he arrived. he used to long to return. now he knows it'll never happen. "what could i do there?", he says. "if the fighting goes on, there will be no work. "what's the point?" now, a new generation of refugees is growing up here. how long before they despair of going home? john simpson, bbc news, peshawar. there's plenty more coverage on afghanistan online including an article looking at the taliban's new rules on female students which include universities being segregated by gender, and a new islamic dress code will be introduced. just go to the bbc news website.
in the wake of the 9/11 terror attacks, the us saw a sharp rise in hate crimes. those targeted included anyone considered to be arab muslims. the innocent victims included balbir singh sodhi an american—sikh who ran the family gas station in mesa, arizona. his murder, four days after 9/11, was the first racially—motivated hate crime in the backlash to the attacks. balbir�*s brother, and for the first time, his son and the gunman spoke to jatinder dhillon. shrai popat is the video producer. you may find some parts upsetting. losing a brother, i think i lost so much love, because, to me, he treated me like a younger brother, and he treated me like a son and baby, and he treated me like a friend. i miss him and we always talk about him — every day. there's something, there is conversation going on, then his name is come up.
we were also shocked when we saw that footage on the tv, the planes going through those buildings, and after, hours later, they start showing 0sama bin laden on the tv, and, as sikh community, i knew that — or we all knew — there might be a backlash against sikhs. i called my dad to be careful, too, because he wears a turban all the time, even at work and stuff, and he said "no, no," everybody's so nice to him there so he's ok here, he's safe here, so... that's what my last conversation with him. every year i go through this . tough time of feeling so much
sorrow for causing that family is so much pain. _ what prevented me from seeing him as a fellow human - being was all the news events of the destruction of 9/11, - womenjumping from those buildings to their deaths, . it caused such anguish. my feelings toward frank silva, i... i never, ever that person, personally, because ijust saw him on the court states and stuff. they ask me, like, do you forget, forgive this person? i say no, i cannot forgive. he took my father away from me. how can you forgive somebody who did that? if 9/11 didn't happen, this probably would not happen to my family as well, so he'd probably be here enjoying our life with us, hopefully, so he... i think he's also a victim.
it's like, even a separate incident, but he's also a victim of 9/11. such an emotional time for so many people. in tennis, daniil medvedev has won the us open men's final. he beat the world number one, novak djokovic, and crushed the serbs hopes of becoming the first man in more than half a century to win all four grand slam tournaments in the same year. he won in three sets as djokovic's game was far off his usual high standard. earlier i spoke to our tennis correspondent russell fuller who was there watching on in flushing meadow. i thought this is likely to be perhaps novak activates's tempest task about the grand slam match as he played this year because he was very aware of the history he was chasing. he was also very tired, not just after so many matches throughout the year but because
a lot of matches here in new york, and the well was dry for him to new york this evening and his opponent was the western it could possibly be because he had been threatening to win a grand slam for a while now. he is particularly impressive on hard courts and he's read them but he was serving magnificently, and ultimately committed straight sets victory means that he joins a very select band of male grand slam champions with roger fetter and rafe on the doll who remained tried and 20 grand slams each winning the overwhelming majority of them. i keep mispronouncing his name can i do apologise for that, he put on such a fantastic show today. he is so close to that record, as he pointed out. certainly in the league of the giants now. what is next for him, do you think?- him, do you think? well, i think these _ him, do you think? well, i think these players - him, do you think? well, i think these players have i think these players have stepped got a huge amount to play fire. daniel is only 25,
and therefore, he will be approaching the past five or six years of his career, and the anticipation would be that particularly on the hard courts, he is not quite so fond of the clay or grass. he will win more grand slam titles, and for novak activates, he would still like to end his career with mark grand slam single titles than rafe on the doll. his motivation to continue has been very, very high. 0nly 3a, he is incredibly fit. i suspect that will change because... it might be encouraged by the reception he got from the crowd when he was staring, certain defeat in the face, the crowd did not appreciate the as lame as they should have done over the years, broke out and choose chance of his nickname, and as he premiered to come out for the final game, he was in tears on his chairand the final game, he was in tears on his chair and said at the trophy presentation afterwards that those tears and that support had failed his heart withjoy, the support had failed his heart with joy, the crowd support had failed his heart withjoy, the crowd had support had failed his heart with joy, the crowd had touched his cell and made him the happiest man alive.
what a beautiful story there. i'll be in spirit the drama. that's it from us. thanks for watching. hello. there's a weather system bringing cloud across the uk. let's get a check on the mother for a week ahead, and into the following weekend. in the short term, the weather will be a little unpredictable, especially across western parts of the uk. a bit of a mixed bag. some rain, a bit of sunshine, quite a complicated jet stream pattern across our part of the world at the moment, within our general neighbourhood. you can see a jet stream living to the north, then living to the south close to the canaries and actually it's coming back up again and it's coming back up again and it has brought this very slow—moving small weather front which has brought a lot of cloud and outbreaks of rain to some southwestern actually, the subtle at the
front has ended up in an area of high pressure which means there is very little wind to move it around, in fact, the winds are coming in from the north here. they are blowing out of the south year, we are in between. hardly anything at all, so nothing to push it around. so, went, ithink, across parts of wales through the early morning. southwestern england as well around it fairly cloudy. then we have got that clear chilly weather in the north and northeast of scotland, for example, 6 degrees in aberdeen. here is monday, and at very slow small weather front is still with us bringing a lot of cloud, unfortunately further outbreaks of rain really dull weather for parts of wales, the southwest as well. some of that damp weather will also affect the accuracy costs. coasts, but, again, the further east you are the better the weather will be, and actually the best of the weather in the north, in scotland, but there will be a bit of a chill in the air, only 13 to 15 degrees in some areas. now, this small weather front
changes shape little bit. it's more elongated from north to south on tuesday, and will push out of the way, so i am hopeful that by the time we get to the afternoon, many western areas at least will get some sunshine, but that rain could linger, and that's the uncertain bit with the forecast. come wednesday, we are a little more certain with what's happening with the weather. the high pressure builds in, squeezes out the cloud, so descending air through the atmosphere, drying things out, and apart from a few scattered showers here and there, actually, the weather isn't looking too bad at all, and the temperatures will recover in some areas, 22 celsius in london, high teens expected in the lowlands of scotland. then thursday onwards, this is quite a pronounced jet stream here you can see developing an area of low pressure and a substantial cold front just to the west of the uk. you can see it here coming in, the low centre with the winds spinning around, and it almost looks as if this is all going to rotate into the uk, but it's not quite what's going to happen. many parts of the country on thursday staying dry but later in the day, this low pressure will swing in to north—western parts of the uk and by then we think a weakening weather front, so the rain slowly starts
to fizzle out in the south, and most of the rain actually goes across parts of scotland. so watch what happens as we go through the course of friday. yes, initially rain here, most of the rain goes to the north—west and, actually, in the south, there probably isn't going to be that much rain, although we are talking about quite a few days in advance and details could still change. so, yes, some rain towards the end of the week, but the preceding couple of days shouldn't be too bad. and then the following weekend, so saturday and sunday, the thinking is high pressure should just about build in to the south of the country, whereas north—western areas will be more under the influence of low pressure and weather fronts, with some rain. bye— bye.