this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. i'm david eades. our top stories: north korean media claims the country's tested new long—range cruise missiles, hitting their target more than 1500 kilometres away. iran agrees to un monitoring of some of its nuclear sites. is it enough to help efforts to revive the nuclear agreement with the west? the afghans waiting and hoping: we have a special report from the border with pakistan as the refugee crisis worsens. russia's daniil medvedev wins the us open as the djokovic dream of taking all four grand slam titles in the same year is shattered.
hello and thanks very much for joining us. the united states has responded to reports that north korea carried out successful long—range cruise missile tests over the weekend. they flew 1500 kilometres, according to media sources, before hitting their targets and falling into territorial waters. the us defence department says the missiles pose a threat to north korea's neighbours. 0ur correspondent laura bicker is in the south korean capital seoul. she says this is a new and potentially highly dangerous weapon. we've heard from south korean military that they will work with the us sources and kind of try to look at what happened over the weekend and other intelligence on this missile
launch but in terms of is this a big deal? my answer is yes and no. no because this is a cruise missile so when it comes to international sanctions, the un sanctions in place to try to curb north korea's nuclear programme, it does not cover cruise missiles. it covers ballistic missiles. so in some cases, some people shrugged this off. it was also on page two of north korea's state newspaper. so why all the fuss? this is a new weapon, a new strategic weapon, according to north korea. what does it mean? it means they have made a weapon that is capable of flying, according to them, for flute —— two hours at a distance of 1500 kilometres which puts the whole of japan in range, including the us base in range, including the us base in okinawa. they call it a strategic weapons which means they usually intend to put a nuclear warhead on it but what we don't know is if north korea has the capability to miniaturise a warhead to put it onto a cruise missile. it
certainly makes it a new and dangerous weapon. and david, they have managed to make these weapons, despite being the subject of strict international sanctions. despite the deepening economic crisis. and severe food shortages. so when it comes to developing new further technology like perhaps miniaturising warheads, few would bet against it. since 2019, the february summit in hanoi between donald trump and kingdon on where they nearly came to a deal on nuclear weapons and fell apart, nuclear —— north korea has been unusually quiet —— kim jong—un. has been no fire and fury under the biden administration and not a policy perhaps for the biden administration but what each of these missile test shows us is that pyongyang is capable of reaching further and further which means it's more and more difficult for us officials and officials here in south korea to persuade them to disarm. . , ., disarm. yeah, i see that there was a meeting _
disarm. yeah, i see that there was a meeting between - disarm. yeah, i see that there j was a meeting between senior nuclear negotiator is going on in tokyo the us, south korea, japan involved. does this sort of incident which the north koreans described as a further deterrence, will it serve as a motivator, do you think, to sort of breakthrough the stand—off? i sort of breakthrough the stand-off?— sort of breakthrough the stand-off? ., ., ., stand-off? i would imagine that there will be _ stand-off? i would imagine that there will be serious _ there will be serious discussions. from what i see, i did mention it has not been a policy priority for the biden administration but it is my understanding that officials in the us have been looking carefully at what they might do if negotiations with north korea were to take place and they have also made it clear that they are willing to talk at any time and anywhere but north korea has yet to respond, even when it comes to south korea, there are no talks going on between north and south korea. a hotline which was cut last year was re—established and then cut again. north korea had warned that it would kind of if payback to south korea after it took part in those
military exercises with the united states in august, it's something that happens every year and north korea does not like his military exercises happening on the border, so it could be this is a response to that but it certainly will highlight to the biden administration and to officials here that pyongyang does have new and emerging capabilities and we heard last month from satellite images that its main nuclear plant is once again operational. so pyongyang may have been quiet but it has certainly been busy. laura bicker there. _ let's focus on the nuclear challenges in another part of the world, actually. the un's nuclear watchdog says it's reached a deal with iran to resume surveillance of some of the country's nuclear facilities. the new government in tehran will allow international monitors to service the cameras that gather data at some key locations. iran's earlier refusal to allow access brought efforts to revive the international nuclear agreement to the brink of collapse. this new deal eases tensions, but the thorny issue of the country's nuclear programme is yet to be resolved.
after his quick visit to tehran, the head of the iaea rafael grossi acknowledged that he hadn't healed any wounds, but applied some diplomatic sticking plaster. the continuity of the operation of the agency's equipment here, which is indispensable for us to provide the necessary guarantees and the information to the iaea and to the world that everything is in order and that we are going to be able to assist, also, to assist iran in its future negotiations in the context of the jcpoa. rafael grossi, still plenty of scepticism surrounding the chances of getting much further.
i spoke to behnam ben taleblu earlier, from the foundation for the defence of democracies, and i asked whether this latest concession from iran amounted to any kind of breakthrough. no, it's certainly not a breakthrough and in fact, it's a lot more of what we have seen in the past. since february iran has strategically used monitoring issues and access and verification issues with the iaea, particularly remote monitoring, about its introduced —— centrifuge plant and facilities as a way to offset diplomatic pressure against it and as they say here, timing is everything. this agreement if you will which was more about being a ponzi scheme that anything, is about offsetting a resolution from the iaea board of governors, potentially by both sides of the atlantic, by the americans as well as the e3, france, germany and the uk, and so this is an iranian foe concession in a way to offset that likely but now less likely resolution of monitoring, given
their ongoing violations —— faux. their ongoing violations -- faux. . ., , ., their ongoing violations -- faux. . ., ., faux. rafael grossi has to take these things — faux. rafael grossi has to take these things at _ faux. rafael grossi has to take these things at face _ faux. rafael grossi has to take these things at face value - faux. rafael grossi has to take these things at face value and | these things at face value and i appreciate he is not pulling all of the strings himself but he is at the heart of these issues. what sort of assistance or support does he need, then, for this to be established rather than, as you put it, like a ponzi scheme orjust a faux concession? like a ponzi scheme or 'ust a faux concession?* like a ponzi scheme or 'ust a faux concession? you really hit the nail on _ faux concession? you really hit the nail on the _ faux concession? you really hit the nail on the head _ faux concession? you really hit the nail on the head right - the nail on the head right there because several times now, in 2021, rafael grossi has had to go to tehran and get some kind of technical understanding, plead for more time, play into tehran�*s hand, if you will, be able to continue to lessen some of the iaea legally mandated monitoring of the programme. in his western supporters and interlocutors and community but especially the jcpoa, the 2015 participants states of a nuclear deal, support him and be able to call a spade a spade and if iran continues to violate the jcpoa, and if iran continues to violate thejcpoa, to be able
to hold the regime to account at the iaea and the whole point is to give his agency and institution and mission teeth to actually carry out the monitoring verification task ahead of him.— monitoring verification task ahead of him. ~ ., ., ahead of him. white, one of the oints ahead of him. white, one of the points we _ ahead of him. white, one of the points we have _ ahead of him. white, one of the points we have heard _ ahead of him. white, one of the points we have heard many - ahead of him. white, one of the. points we have heard many times is, of course, that iran needs these sanctions to be lifted, they need to get over the economic damage that is being inflicted upon them. it seems a little bit from what you are saying is if maybe theyjust see this is a far more political thing than they do an economic one and they will hold onto that. ~ , ., onto that. well, there is a very important _ onto that. well, there is a very important feeling - onto that. well, there is a l very important feeling right now in tehran but the audience needs to know about and that is a relative high, the supreme leader and the president and head of the atomic energy organisation of iran believed that iran has survived peak into —— picked economic pressure from the west, from the trump administration's maximum pressure policy, they do not believe it will be resurrected anytime soon so they believe they can offset
some of these sanctions that are remaining and again, change the dynamics of risk on its head and try to force more premature western concessions so they don't think that those sanctions will be enforced and they don't think that the west has in it again to resurrect the pressure. interesting. again it is a game of nuclear chicken. ., , again it is a game of nuclear chicken. . , �* ., �* chicken. that is behnam ben taleblu speaking _ chicken. that is behnam ben taleblu speaking to - chicken. that is behnam ben taleblu speaking to me - chicken. that is behnam ben i taleblu speaking to me earlier. the united nations world food programme says a plane carrying aid has landed in kabul for the first time since the taliban captured the afghan capital nearly a month ago. at the same time, tens of thousands of refugees are believed to have crossed the border into pakistan in the weeks since the fall of kabul. there are already 1.5 million registered afghan refugees in pakistan and an estimated one million undocumented. our world affairs editor john simpson has travelled through the khyber pass to the border between pakistan and afghanistan at torkham. every inch of ground here has been fought over for 3,000 years. the insignia of former british and indian regiments
are carefully preserved along the way, and the khyber�*s a major trade route. trucks toil up the gradients carrying afghan fruit and vegetables into pakistan — the occasional passenger, too. smugglers trudge along the footpaths as they always have. at the head of the khyber, torkham, a border crossing into afghanistan. now, above it is a white flag carrying the shahada, the muslim proclamation of faith. up there is a makeshift taliban flag — not, you notice, the afghan national flag, even though this is the afghan border. just over there, two soldiers facing off. the nearer one is pakistani. the further one is taliban, with a white face mask. behind them is a growing crowd of people desperate to get into pakistan.
many of them are hoping to get through on medical grounds, and if they've got the right documents, both the taliban and the pakistanis will let them and their families through. they shuffle along in a continuous line — and you can see how happy they are when they finally made it through. this taliban guard seems relaxed, but makes no apologies for what's happened. "the set—up in afghanistan has changed," he tells me. "it was democratic, now the flag of the islamic emirate flies over it." at a border crossing further south, there's been a continuous flood of refugees. most will end up staying here in pakistan, though the younger ones dream of getting out. anwar, for instance — from an afghan family which has lost almost everything — is desperate to get to the west. if anyone, like, give me
a home, give me a place to stay, give me a hope, like, welcome me with open arms, like, pave the way for me to study, to do what i want, i will 100% serve them, there's no doubt about it. this refugee camp outside peshawar opened up a0 long years ago. muhammad wazir was ten when he arrived. he used to long to return. now he knows it'll never happen. "what could i do there?", he says. "if the fighting goes on, there'll be no work. "what's the point?" now, a new generation of refugees is growing up here. how long before they despair of going home? john simpson, bbc news, peshawar. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: the vegetable show with a difference — the uglier, the better forfarmers and their hideous harvests.
30 hours after the earthquake that devastated mexico city, rescue teams still have no idea just how many people have died. well, there's people alive and there's people not alive. we canjust help and give them whatever we've got. a state funeral has been held for princess grace of monacol at the church where she married prince rainier 26 years ago. - it looked as though they had come to fight a war, but their mission is to bring peace to east timor, and no where on earth needs it more badly. the government's case is being forcefully presented by the justice minister. he's campaigned vigorously for abolition having once witnessed one his clients being executed. elizabeth seton spent much of her time in this grotto, and every year, hundreds of pilgrimages are made here. now that she has become a saint, it is expected
that this area will be inundated with tourists. the mayor and local businessmen regard the anticipated boom as yet another blessing of saint elizabeth. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: north korean media claims the country's tested new long—range cruise missiles hitting their target more than 1,500 kilometres away. the un's nuclear watchdog says it's reached a deal with iran to resume surveillance of some of the country's nuclear facilities. after the 9/11 terror attacks, the us saw a sharp rise in hate crimes. among the victims was balbir singh sodhi an american—sikh who had a beard and wore a turban and ran the family gas station in mesa, arizona. his murder, four days after 9/11, was the first racially—motivated hate crime in the backlash to the attacks. the bbc�*s jatinder dhillon
spoke to balbir�*s brother, his son, and the gunman. you may find some of the video upsetting. losing a brother, i think i lost so much love, because, to me, he treated me like a younger brother, and he treated me like a son and baby, and he treated me like a friend. i miss him and we always talk about him — every day. there's something, there is conversation going on, then his name is come up. we were also shocked when we saw that footage on the tv, the planes going through those buildings, and after, hours later, they start showing 05ama bin laden on the tv, and, as sikh community, i knew that — or we all knew — there might
be a backlash against sikhs. i called my dad to be careful, too, because he wears a turban all the time, even at work and stuff, and he said "no, no," everybody's so nice to him there so he's ok here, he's safe here, so... that's what my last conversation with him. every year i go through this tough time of feeling so much sorrow for causing that family is so much pain. what prevented me from seeing him as a fellow human being was all the news events of the destruction of 9/11, womenjumping from those buildings to their deaths, it caused such anguish.
my feelings toward frank silva, i... i never, ever that person, personally, because ijust saw him on the court states and stuff. they ask me, like, do you forget, forgive this person? i say no, i cannot forgive. he took my father away from me. how can you forgive somebody who did that? if 9/11 didn't happen, this probably would not happen to my family as well, so he'd probably be here enjoying our life with us, hopefully, so he... i think he's also a victim. it's like, even a separate incident, but he's also a victim of 9/11. fierce wildfires continue to burn out of control in southern spain. thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes, as the authorities try to fight the flames. it's believed around 6,000 hectares of land have been affected in a region popular with holiday—makers. the bbc�*s tim allman has more.
with little warning, with little time to prepare, people flee the towns and villages of andalusia. this gymnasium now a makeshift shelter. local residents told to move as the flames got ever closer. translation: it was very quick. they rushed us out. i came with my clothes on and left everything there, even the animals, i thought it was never going to happen, but there was such a big cloud over the village. it was scary. translation: this inhuman. nothing like this has ever been seen. the flames of the fire as they ran through the mountains, it was amazing. for days now, the fires have raged. thick clouds of smoke visible amidst that hills and mountains. this blaze, said to have an unusual power and strength, is advancing in several directions. the country's military has been asked to help out, as strong winds and high temperatures fan the flames.
a nightmare for those who had to leave their homes, but everyone's chipping in to help as best they can. translation: there is much shock because of the tragedy | happening around us, but there has been an immense wave of solidarity from all the towns in the region to help these people who have left their homes so quickly. there's speculation these fires may have been started deliberately. the flames burn on, the battle to contain them continues. tim allman, bbc news. it's been quite a weekend of surprises and upsets at the us open. on saturday, britain's emma raducanu won the women's singles title. then on sunday, daniil medvedev pulled off a shock victory over novak djokovic in the men's event. are we finally seeing a changing of the guard in the game? let's cross live to melbourne and speak to courtney walsh, former chief tennis writer for the australian newspaper.
thank you very much forjoining us. let's start with, i was going to say novak djokovic, but he was so near and yet so far? yes, good morning. clearly two very different storylines from this final in new york. novak significant, it has been 50 years since rod lever completed the calendar grand slam, and he was clearly shattered. it was a difficult match for him, he didn't find his rhythm, but he tested his previous encounters. he said afterwards that he didn't feel well, he didn't have the zip in his legs, and perhaps the weight of expectation on him for what he was doing throughout the year and this event, so it all got to him in at the end. we have been waiting for the next person to come along. there is
a very established generation of talent who haven't taken the next up against legends and grand slams, but today the russian delivered powerfully and in great style. he russian delivered powerfully and in great style.— russian delivered powerfully and in great style. he needs to keep delivering _ and in great style. he needs to keep delivering to _ and in great style. he needs to keep delivering to be - keep delivering to be recognised, in a way, he did describe djokovic as the best player ever in history. is it an accolade you would share? it is clearly one that is — it is a contentious one because the fans are all very partisan in their support, all very one —ite. he said 20 omadale have only won one australian open and one french open. as a side, his dominance at masters level, and his length
at number one, i think he can makea at number one, i think he can make a compelling case, but it is hard to compete with generations. inaudible. it is one that is always going to be argued about. we can't stop ourselves, _ to be argued about. we can't stop ourselves, can - to be argued about. we can't stop ourselves, can we? - to be argued about. we can'tl stop ourselves, can we? let's go onto the newcomers, the youngsters. emma raducanu. we had a phenomenalfinal. what do you make of this? it is really astonishing to see emma in particular come so quickly onto the scene. we obviously saw her do very well at wimbledon as a wildcard entrance. we saw both players through the junior career producing very impressive performances, so the indicated the talent was there but it can take players a long time to translate that through to senior success, translate that through to seniorsuccess, but translate that through to senior success, but for both young woman to follow with distinction as they did in new york is incredible. it is also
really good for the sport, i think, because we have the legends, rogerand raphael think, because we have the legends, roger and raphael on crutches at the moment, novak will have a broken heart out today. serena williams has a hamstring injury. inaudible. we have overnight sensations and everyone knows the name already. we have to stop there. thank you so much.— beauty is in the eye of the beholder, they say. never truer than for tomato growers in northern spain, who are battling it out to win the cherished ugliest tomato award. it's become a tradition in the village of tudela with an iberian ham as the grand prize for the winner. courtney bembridge has more. there is no doubt these are really ugly tomatoes. but are they the ugliest? the answer to that is serious business in this village. competitors young and old line up at the fruits of their labour and various theories about what makes the perfect or imperfect ugly tomato.
translation: they come out ugly because we have some bees that l pollinate the plants. they take the pollen from one place together, but in this case, something went wrong. a jury of their peers decides the winner, and in the end, tomato number 115 up on the top left was crowned with the honour of ugliest. the winners say there's nothing to it but luck. translation: we didn't grow ugly ones to come l to the contest. an ugly lot came out and that was it. this variety is known for its juicy and tender flesh, and it's said that they taste a lot better than they look. a true tale of beauty coming from within. courtney bembridge, bbc news. the united states response to north korea conducting missile tests over saturday, sunday. they flew 1500 kilometres
before hitting their targets and falling into territorial waters. the defence department says the missiles pose a threat to north korea's neighbours. that is bbc news. goodbye for now. hello. there's a weather system bringing cloud across the uk. initially most of the rain will be across western parts and as we head across monday and into tuesday, some of that rain will be quite widespread and quite heavy, but you can see by the position of the weather system why it really is mostly across western areas for monday, we are going to see some rain. lots of cloud to begin with, parts of wales, western england, perhaps into the eastern side of northern ireland and south of scotland with some rain, chilly in north—east scotland with clear skies and mist and fog patches to begin with, north—east scotland will hold onto the lion's share the sunshine in the day ahead with a few brighter breaks across east anglia and south east england as well. much of wales, the western side of england, northern ireland, southern and western scotland,
cloudy, and there will be some patch outbreaks of rain around. but further east, much of the day will be dry but there will still be quite a bit of cloud to be had. the highest temperatures with those sunny spells towards east anglia and south east england, just getting up to around 20 degrees and for many it is mid to high teens. that's how things are shaping up as we have gone through monday night and you can see some outbreaks of rain just becoming a little more widespread and some heavier bursts just pushing up across southern parts of england going into tuesday morning and temperatures holding up in the mid to low teens. still some clear spells in northern scotland. so, some heavier bursts of rain around, during tuesday, affecting parts of england and wales, so wales turning dry as the day goes on but still potentialfor some rain affecting central and eastern parts of england even into the evening. a few showers around in scotland and northern ireland. once that weather system clears away, wednesday morning, there could be mist and fog patches around and wales and england. sunny spells going through,
weaker weather system will deliver a bit of cloud and patchy rain into parts of scotland and northern ireland as the day goes on. temperatures edging upwards a little bit, 21 celsius in cardiff, for example. there's a ridge of high pressure, largely fine on thursday. low pressure on friday. thursday is going to be the driest, the brightest day of the week. that's more widely across the uk. by friday, the winds are picking up and there is some wet weather spreading from west to east across us. that is your weather for the week ahead.
the headlines: the united states has responded to reports that north korea carried out successful long—range cruise missile tests over the weekend. the missiles flew 1500 kilometres before hitting their targets and falling into territorial waters. the us defence department says they pose a threat to north korea's neighbours the un's nuclear watchdog says it's reached a deal with iran to resume surveillance of some of the country's nuclear sites. tehran�*s earlier refusal to allow access brought efforts to revive the international nuclear agreement to the brink of collapse. russian tennis player daniil medvedev has won the us open men's final. he beat world number one novak djokovic, crushing the serbs hopes of becoming the first man in more than half a century to win all four grand slam tournaments in the same year.