tv BBC News BBC News September 19, 2021 2:00am-2:31am BST
welcome to bbc news — i'm mark lobel. our top stories. the rift deepens between france and key western allies over a cancelled submarine contract — the french foreign minister says relations with australia and the us are in crisis. translation: there has been lying, duplicity, - a major breach of trust and contempt, this will not do. things are not going well between us. us officials move thousands of migrants away from a texas border town after a rapid influx, mostly from haiti. as america admits a drone strike killed ten afghan civilians by mistake, relatives say the us apology isn't enough. this was america's last act of war before it pulled out of afghanistan, and the decision to fire the missile smacks of panic.
and what a legacy. and splashdown — the four tourists aboard the spacex inspiration—4 capsule successfully return to earth. hello. after the french president ordered the recall of ambassadors to australia and the us, washington says it plans to hold talks with senior french officials in the coming days to calm the diplomatic storm. the french ambassador to australia has now left the country, describing as a "huge mistake" its decision to unilaterally cancel a submarine contract worth tens of billions of dollars. from paris, here's hugh schofield. for the americans, the australians and the british,
it's a new alliance to ensure stability in the pacific and thwart the strategic ambitions of china. but australia's decision to buy nuclear submarines from the us has left the french feeling stunned and humiliated. their contract with australia has been simply binned. ordered back home by president macron, the french ambassador to canberra was as polite as he could be about the reasons for france's anger. i think this has been a huge mistake. a very, very bad handling of the partnership because it was not a contract. it was a partnership. this evening, the foreign minister, jean yves le drian, spoke again on national television. translation: there has been lying, duplicity, a major- breach of trust and contempt. this will not do. things are not going well between us. it means there is a crisis. i am with the president of france and that makes me feel better. just a few months ago, it was all smiles
at the g7 summit in cornwall between presidents biden and macron, and all talk of cooperation and shared challenges. but behind—the—scenes, the french are convinced that the three english—speaking nations were hatching the plan to cut them out. the fallout is potentially very great. this puts a big rift down the middle of the nato alliance, pushes france towards doing more with other european countries, puts britain very much in the camp of the americans in dealing with the indo—pacific, but britain needs a functioning nato alliance. my worry is that this does deep damage to nato, going well beyond the diplomatic row over an arms deal. as they assess the damage, the french are asking themselves tough questions. who now can be relied on as a serious military ally? noticeably, here at the french foreign ministry, the one ambassador who has not been recalled is the one to london. one reason being put about is that the french regard the british role in the new pact as being that of a junior partner,
but it does also suggest a willingness to keep lines of communication open. the souring of relations is in stark contrast to when president macron visited an australian submarine in 2018. with an election coming early next year, he has, perhaps, to act tough, but his angry reaction has broad support. for most people, it's not the government that's been humiliated, but france. the bbc�*s courtney bembridge has been looking into why australia scrapped the french deal in the first place. the prime minister scott morrison was keen to say this was not a change of mind, but a change of need. australia needed a more modern fleet of submarines, and that's why they opted for this nuclear—powered submarine, ratherthan the more traditional conventionally—powered ones. there had been indications this french deal, which was signed in 2016, had been in trouble
for some time. the cost had almost doubled, there were delays, so there had been indications and reports as early as this year that this deal may be under threat. but of course we know that the french say this came completely out of the blues. why now? many people suggest it was a viable plan b. the uk and us alliance allowed australia to sidestep into something else. but it is worth pointing out that billions of dollars have already been spent on the french deal, and there will be further delays now because they are effectively going back to square one. these submarines were meant to be built in australia, but french—designed. now they have to be redesigned to cope with the new way or powering them, which will set australia back. this all comes at a time when the australian submarine fleet is ageing, it was slated to be retired in 2025. that's at a time when we know tensions are increasing with china, and there are very real concerns about that. so they have spent billions
of dollars upgrading the current fleet, the old—style submarine, so there is no gap between. the new fleet agreed under the deal with the us and the uk, we know the prime minister said it's not likely to be delivered until at least 2040. so there is a long lead time on this, and in the meantime, threats are changing and the landscape is changing so much, there are still concerns about this. but france is upset by all this, they say it is not over. how is that going to pan out for the australians? australia will be keen to argue that france didn't hold up its side of the deal with the cost and delays, it is likely that a court will have to decide whether they constitute grounds to scrap the deal. of course, billions of dollars have already been spent, and the french are saying, you have made an agreement and you have to make good on that. australia may end up still having to pay out some of that deal.
but australia says it's still better than investing billions and billions more into what will become outdated technology by the time it is eventually delivered. now to the us, where the department of homeland security has moved around 2,000 people from a camp in a border town in texas to other immigration detention and processing centres. in the past week alone, around 12,000 have arrived at the border town, many after travelling from south america in an effort to request asylum in the us. here's some of what the mayor of the city of del rio said. this is unprecedented. this is beyond surreal. this is affecting everybody in this community. andrew selee is president of the migration policy institute, a global non—partisan institution that seeks to improve immigration and integration policies. hejoins us now from washington, dc. andrew, thank you forjoining
us. what is america's plan to remove the migrants? it’s us. what is america's plan to remove the migrants? it's still a bit unclear. _ remove the migrants? it's still a bit unclear. these _ remove the migrants? it's still a bit unclear. these are - a bit unclear. these are largely haitian migrants living in south america, in chile and brazil. they started moving a month or two ago, coming from the haitian community, it had gone badly for them during covid and they started moving in large numbers a month or two ago. although there has been movement all year. a large number now stacked in del rio, texas. i think we will start seeing the us government sending deportation flights back to haiti, but these people have not been in haiti for eight or ten years, they have been living in south america, the vast majority. an been living in south america, the vast majority. the vast ma'ority. an important oint, the vast ma'ority. an important point, they — the vast majority. an important point, they haven't _ the vast majority. an important point, they haven't all - the vast majority. an important point, they haven't alljust - point, they haven't alljust come from haiti. remind us of the conditions they are escaping from, and enduring, to
get to the border. it’s escaping from, and enduring, to get to the border.— get to the border. it's really uuite get to the border. it's really quite amazing. _ get to the border. it's really quite amazing. these - get to the border. it's really| quite amazing. these people mostly left after the 2010 earthquake when the economy of haiti was in terrible shape, people dying in large numbers. they have come, the largest number from they have come, the largest numberfrom chile. the 70,000 haitians living in chile. they have come all the way up through colombia and then an area that has no roads whatsoever, not connected at all. they walk for 11—5 days and then continue up through central america, then continue up through centralamerica, mexico, then continue up through central america, mexico, and to the border. to go to all that and then be deported to a country that is deeply unstable when they haven't been for eight or ten years is a huge blow, but that is what many of them are likely to face in the next few days. as you said, some of them waiting a while to make the journey. truth? some of them waiting a while to make the journey.— make the “ourney. why is there a make the journey. why is there a perception — make the journey. why is there a perception that _ make the journey. why is there a perception that now- make the journey. why is there a perception that now is - make the journey. why is there a perception that now is the - a perception that now is the right time to head to america?
two reasons. a lot of pressure because things were so bad last yearin because things were so bad last year in latin america and the caribbean with covid. economies collapsed, people lost their jobs and their sustenance. but also the biden administration has been fairly open to families arriving at the border. between march and july they started to allow in large numbers of family, very quietly. my guess is, between the bad situation people were in in the haitian community, what they saw happening on the island, and what they heard from family members and people they knew getting across the border, this was the time to go. the border is open enough that you had a chance of getting across. they are arriving just as the biden administration is closing the border and making it harder to cross, they are caught in the cross, they are caught in the cross hairs. the numbers seem bad that the president and vice president, tasked with dealing with this. do you think it will
affect america's relationship with mexico, for example? mexico and the us have mostly been on the same page with the migration issues. they have been willing to work with each other on this. i think there is a desire in both countries to see how they can create some order out of the chaos. the numbers have been so high recently. and at the same time do it in a fair and consistent and transparent way. there are conversations going on, on how to do that. more enforcement, but hopefully also creating legal pathways for people to come. that is important. it looks like the us is working on its asylum system again, they haven't been granting asylum at the us mexico border except for a small of cases, and mexico have been carrying the water. about 13,000 applications from haitian citizens in mexico this year. they have been staying in mexico, with others carrying on to the united states.— mexico, with others carrying on to the united states. thank you for “oininu to the united states. thank you forjoining us- _ relatives of the family
of ten afghan civilians, killed in an american drone strike in afghanistan last month, say the attack amounted to a war crime. us officials have admitted that the air strike, which killed seven children in kabul, was a mistake. from there, here's jeremy bowen. this is all that remains of the toyota corolla that the americans tracked for hours, as they convinced themselves — entirely incorrectly — that it was packed with explosives. five of the seven dead children were playing in the car when it was hit. its owner, zemari ahmadi, who they believed, wrongly, was an islamic state bomber, had just driven it home from his work with an american aid organisation. the survivors have moved out. after their terrible loss, they want compensation and resettlement in a safe country.
this was america's last act of war before it pulled out of afghanistan, and the decision to fire the missile smacks of panic. and what a legacy. it isn't necessarily the parting shot of the americans, because they still have the capacity to hit targets from the air. the us relies increasingly on drones. across the road, the neighbours are still traumatised by what they heard and saw. parisa said, "there was an explosion, i picked up brain and human flesh from the ground." america's latest deadly blunder shows how dangerous its drone strategy can be for civilians. jeremy bowen, bbc news, kabul. i've been speaking to
mikey kay, a former senior raf officer who served in afghanistan. i asked him how he thought the americans made such a deadly mistake. i used to be part of the kill chain, military parlance for the precision air strike process. and that process takes a lot of time, energy and resource into figuring out collateral damage estimates, understanding what weapon selection will be required, looking at all of the intelligence that leads up to what is called the pid, the positive identification of the target, image intelligence from a drone which is doing pol, pattern of life, it's listening to communications such as cell phones, and the really important one, one of the majorfactors in this erroneous drone strike, is the human intelligence component.
one of the factors your report alluded to in terms of still having the ability to launch these drone strikes, the fact is we should be really asking the us chain of command, is the level of human intelligence that is now available given that all us forces, as far as we are aware, have left the country. because human is a huge part of the positive identification process. now, if we look at the schedule of events that occurred on august 26th, you had islamic state suicide bombs, two big ones going off outside kabul airport, and those explosions killed 13 us marines. three days later, on august 29th, this drone strike went in. for three days, the us were on edge. i have been trying to get things going on and we were aware that there were seven suicide vests on the loose and a suicide vehicle on the
loose with car bombs as well. the us will have been on edge, wanting to try to intercept these suicide threats to the airport. but it is the human and the positive id functions of the air strike process that have gone massively wrong. one wonders if we would have found out about this, had journalists not unpicked some of the cctv footage. and those explanations that came out of america at the time were very strong that there had been a secondary explosion that proved they had got their man, if you like. what does this say about the certainty of future counterterrorism operations from the sky in afghanistan? these are the questions we need to be asking. at the moment, the us does have air superiority over afghanistan, basically has control of the air. but in order to conduct these precision air strikes, as i alluded to, you need boots on the ground, you need informants, you need the human channels. that is usually conducted
with a joint air controller, usually a very highly qualified individual that embeds with forces on the ground to make sure the collateral damage of the positive identification goes seamlessly. that is not there any more. the other big question about the air strikes is the americans have two channels where air strikes can be conducted, through the cia and the pentagon. in my experience, the approvals process for any cia strike is very different to the pentagon approved air strikes. dare i say, the cia air strikes have a little bit more leeway, if you like, in terms of the approvals process. that is a big question that needs to be asked. the final question, in going after terrorism targets such as the islamic state in khorasan province, is there any form of intelligence sharing with the primary human channel on the ground, through the taliban? i think behind closed doors
there will be conversations going on with the taliban, on some form of agreement that if the us does have air superiority over afghanistan and can take out these terrorism targets such as islamic state in khorasan province, will there be some form of intelligence sharing agreement that the two parties come to? that is a question that needs to be asked again. this is bbc news — a reminder of our top stories. the french foreign minister has denounced in the strongest terms the new security pact in the pacific. jean—yves le drian accused the united states and australia of lying. us officials move thousands of migrants away from a texas border town after a rapid influx, mostly from haiti. united nations agencies have urged the taliban to reopen girls' schools in afghanistan. more than a month after the taliban seized power, secondary schools for boys have reopened and all male teachers have been ordered back to work.
but the taliban have said nothing about reopening secondary schools for girls. shuhra koofi is a 21—year—old afghan student whose mother, a former mp, survived two assassination attempts. both women have been moved out by the us and are currently in doha, from where shuhra described the current lack of female education as heartbreaking and frustrating. afghanistan is not the country it was 20 years back. but unfortunately, it is now going to the �*90s. so when my mother was at school, she faced a lot of oppositions from her family, because they did not allow her to go to school. even some families at that time didn't allow their boys to go to school. but compared with when i was going to school, my mum tried to find the best schools to send me and my sisters. so you see, a big generation change here. in kabul, back home, there was a high school for girls in front of our house. every day, i saw girls at 1pm,
they were going to school. at 5pm, they were coming out. when the taliban came, that door was closed and that school was empty. it was really heartbreaking and frustrating. before when they were fighting against the government, they had a reason to legitimise their brutality and legitimise the fact they don't allow the girls to go to school. but now they are ruling the government, so they are accountable to people. this is not what people want. families want their daughters to get educated, they want their girls to go to school, and have the rights that the boys have. the four space tourists aboard the spacex inspirational mission have splashed down successfully in the atlantic ocean off the coast of florida. the commercial mission, the first without any professional astronauts aboard,
has been orbiting the earth for three days at an altitude of more than 570 kilometres. the spacecraft was operated by ground based flight teams and onboard guidance systems. here they are celebrating as the capsule arrived back on earth. inspiration 4, on behalf of spacex, welcome back to planet earth. your mission has shown the world that space is for all of us, and that everyday people can make extraordinary impacts on the world around them. thank you for sharing your leadership, hope, generosity and prosperity. and congratulations. applause. with me is our news correspondent, simonjones. this correspondent, simon jones. mission this correspondent, simonjones. mission recorded a n of this mission recorded a number of firsts. what made the mission so different? it of firsts. what made the mission so different? it was a sace mission so different? it was a space mission _ mission so different? it was a space mission unlike - mission so different? it was a space mission unlike any - mission so different? it was al space mission unlike any other we have seen, largely because of the people on board. four crew members, ordinary people,
not the usual astronauts who have had years and years of training. it was a billionaire businessman who paid for the privilege of going up into space. once they landed, after the splashdown, he said it had been a heck of a ride and he said it wasjust beginning. he helped the three other crew members and paid for them to go on board. a geoscientist, a us air force veteran and a woman called hayley who was treated for bone cancer when she was a child. she has actually gone back to work at the hospital that cured her cancer. she was seen as an inspirational person, someone who deserves this chance to go up into space. that's why it was so different, we are not talking about professionals, amateur astronauts known as space tourists. ,, ., astronauts known as space tourists-— astronauts known as space tourists. ,, ., , . tourists. quite a cast list. we have covered _ tourists. quite a cast list. we have covered a _ tourists. quite a cast list. we have covered a number - tourists. quite a cast list. we have covered a number of. have covered a number of high—profile flights into space recently, but what did this one achieved?—
recently, but what did this one achieved? , ., , ., achieved? they took a number of experiments _ achieved? they took a number of experiments up to _ achieved? they took a number of experiments up to space - achieved? they took a number of experiments up to space with - experiments up to space with them, they went to a great height above the international space station, tests to see the effect it would have had on their bodies, not being the usually trained astronauts. but i think it was far more than that. a lot of the mission was beamed live, broadcast, raising awareness of space and really sending the message that space can be for everyone, with the caveat you have to have deep pockets, it's going to cost you millions of pounds, but trying to open up that whole field. we look forward to finding out what is coming next in the space tourism market, thank you for talking us through that. fantastic pictures of the splashdown. if you happened to be in paris on saturday, you may have witnessed something of a spectacle. in amongst the usual tourist attractions was a man walking on a rope,70 metres up in the air. the bbc�*s tim allman has the story. sometimes, the only question that needs to be asked is, why? there in the distance,
a man walks through midair, suspended on a 600—metre stretch of elasticated webbing. his starting point, one of the most famous places on earth. translation: it was great, it's really beautiful starting. from the eiffel tower. it's a world—renowned place, one that i'm aware of the view from the ground, and discovering it from above, it's really beautiful. nathan paulin is a slackliner — a bit like tightrope walking except the rope is looser, bouncier, a sort of long, narrow trampoline. and he doesn'tjust walk — he sits, he lies down, even hangs around for a bit. for the spectators on the ground, it was quite a sight. imagine what it was like for nathan. translation: when i was young, i had vertigo - and i learned to contain it. during the performance, i really didn't feel it.
i really didn't have a fear of heights. i felt some stress over starting it, but no vertigo, no. in case you were wondering, he was wearing a safety line, just to be careful. and, after 30 minutes orso, his midair odyssey came to an end. easy. as long as you don't look down. staying in paris, restoration work can finally get under way at the notre dame cathedral, two years after the paris landmark was damaged in a huge fire. until now the efforts have focussed on securing the building. the aim is to open it in three years' time. the french foreign minister jean yves le drian says relations with australia and the united states are in crisis because of what he called their duplicity, contempt and lies over a new security alliance.
thanks so much for watching, goodbye. hello there. many of you will have had a dry start to the weekend, there's some sunshine around. the best of it arguably across eastern areas of the country. and a lovely end of the day captured by weather watcher sue in west yorkshire. outbreaks of rain start to form, heavy showers crossing the midlands, some of those downpours captured by our weather watchers. look at this one, a downpour crossing the skies in warwickshire, captured by weather watcherjack. right now, if anything, the rain is getting a bit heavier, more extensive as well as it marches its way across wales, midlands, across northern england and scotland. slowly, we're starting to see the rain ease off across westernmost areas of northern ireland. so here it should be a reasonably dry start to sunday. but otherwise, many of us will see at least some rain
during sunday as these areas of rain continue to push their way eastwards. the rain is going to get increasingly heavy later in the day across eastern areas across england, where the rain is going to grind to a halt. the amount of rain we see from place to place is going to vary quite a bit, but there will be a few areas that pick up as much as 30 or 40mm. there's a risk of localised surface water flooding across the east. many western areas, actually, the weather will improve through sunday afternoon with a bit more sunshine. taking a look at the week ahead, it's not a bad start with some sunny spells, some dry weather. however, later in the week, low pressure is going to be moving in, and that's going to be bringing more of an autumnal feel to things as it turns wet and increasingly windy as well. monday's charts and into tuesday shows this ridge of high pressure building in ahead of the next atlantic system. and not completely dry, i mean, there will be one or two spots of rain in east anglia and south east england, a few showers in the northwest. but predominantly monday is a dry day with some sunshine.
temperatures, high teens to low 20s. probably feeling a little fresher than it has been over recent days, but not cold. onto tuesday's forecast, a few mist and fog patches to start the day. the winds really start to pick up for northern ireland and west scotland, where there could be a few showers. but again, a mainly dry day with some sunny spells. perhaps a bit of cloud developing across england and wales in the afternoon. top temperatures about 21 celsius but heading deeper into the week, low pressure is set to move in off the atlantic. this bringing rain to all areas and increasingly strong winds. we'll have some autumnal gales later in the week.
this is bbc news. the headlines: the french foreign minister has denounced in the strongest terms the new security pact in the pacific. jean—yves le drian accused the united states and australia of lying — and said there was now a serious crisis — following what he called a major breach of trust between them. us officials have been moving thousands of migrants away from a texas border town that has seen a rapid influx of mostly haitian migrants in the last week. the department of of homeland security said 2000 people had been moved to other immigration stations to be processed swiftly. the four space tourists aboard the spacex inspiration—four capsule have splashed down successfully in the atlantic ocean off the coast of florida.
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