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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 15, 2021 4:00am-4:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm mark lobel. our top stories: donate the jabs you promised — as the world health organization urges rich countries to fulfil their pledges, we're in south sudan where coronavirus vaccination falls behind target. covax was meant to ensure that low income countries like south sudan would not be left behind. by now, it was hoped that one in every ten people would have been vaccinated, but the reality on the ground is that only one in every 500 south sudanese have been fully vaccinated. rapid gunfire. deadly violence erupts in lebanon — six people are killed after gunmen attack a protest led by the shia group hezbollah. we can hear regular bursts of automatic gunfire and the thump of rpgs like that one. we saw someone shoot
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from the top of the building and the army are now trying to work out how to contain the situation which escalated so rapidly. a bow and arrow attack in norway that left five people dead is being treated by police as a terrorist act — a vigil is held for the victims. as you know, we have inherited quite a budget crunch from president trump... a plea goes out to a simpson's fan to pick out other moments the show apparently saw into the future. we ask the executive producer about those uncanny predictions. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the world health organization has urged countries and companies that control covid vaccine
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supplies to meet their promises to poor and developing nations. wealthy countries including the uk have pledged to donate more than a billion vaccine doses worldwide, but only a small proportion have been delivered. in south sudan, one of the world's poorest countries, a tiny fraction of the population is protected. the problem is not just vaccine supply. poverty, insecurity and poor infrastructure are adding to the challenge. from south sudan, anne soy reports. a south sudanese welcome dance. this is a celebration to mark the arrival of vaccines, even if it's just a trickle. not many countries have vaccinated fewer people. here, just over 120,000 doses have been administered so far in a country of more than 11 million people. this is a donation from the us government through the global covax initiative. covax was meant to meant to ensure that low income countries like south sudan would not
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be left behind. by now, it was hoped that one in every ten people would have been vaccinated, but the reality on the ground is that only one in every 500 south sudanese have been fully vaccinated. but it's not as easy as just bringing vaccines to south sudan. this is a country roughly the size of france, but you can't reach people everywhere. the issue is deployment. you have to deploy to the states and then to the counties. it's not an easy thing, given our country, given our health system, which is also not very strong. the health care workers are not well paid. they are sitting for long hours, there's a lot of people queueing up for the vaccine, so it is not an easy situation. in times of hunger, this is how food gets to people in remote parts of the country. some vaccine supplies have to be airdropped. insecurity and flooding render some airstrips unusable, making distribution a huge challenge. more than ten times expensive
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here in south sudan compared to some other neighbouring country where you have a structured and reliable road network. and yet, the distribution often has to be done quickly when the vaccines arrive. the last batch of astrazeneca doses brought here was just a month away from expiry. this is not improving the confidence that people have in the vaccine, when they know that they are receiving vaccines that are close to expiration. it's like dumping product to africa when other people have used the majority of them. i think having predictability, having vaccines that are coming on time will increase the visibility in terms of planning. here, in the world's youngest country, beset by poverty, there were hopes that wealthy countries would ensure fair play when it came to sharing vaccines. many say it's in their interests to do so. instead, despite covax, south sudan's people remain largely unprotected.
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anne soy, bbc news, juba. 48% of their was population has received at least one dose have been administered globally and at least 23 million are administered each day and there is you can see on the screen, there is a big 2.5% only of people in low income countries have received at least one dose. i've been speaking to saad 0mer, who's director of the yale institute for global health. here's his view about the many promises made but not kept to countries still in dire need of covid vaccines. look, this is a tragedy. promissory notes did not induce antibodies and t cells to protect people. you need vaccines in country and you need investment in supply systems and you need investment in communication. this can be done. these countries that have low
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resources have almost all of them have successfully led large—scale early eradication campaigns. the infrastructure can be utilised and built, et cetera, but the fact that these doses are missing from these countries is a tragedy. you call it a tragedy but one of the things anne mentioned in her report was the expiry dates of these vaccines, being delivered close to expiry dates in countries where it is difficult to distribute them once they land. is that a major problem? it is part of the problem. often there are challenges in every immunisation programme and we know that there are challenges in low income countries and these challenges are compounded by the fact that much of the time the vaccines arrive close to expiration. so it adds to the logistical challenge, it adds to the confidence in these vaccines. we need to do better
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as a world. and yet those countries supplying the vaccines have their own issues, political issues. they want boosters for voters who put the politicians in power and you can see from their point of view, can't you, that they need to keep their populations up to speed. and that is not a problem that will change, is it? there are a few ways of looking at this. if countries follow science and look at where the data point, it is a reasonably nuanced picture that says that some of the high—risk populations may need a booster like those who immunocompromised, and the elderly. there is less of a case for a generalised booster so if they follow science and have the prospective that, 0k, often you have to split the pie equitably but you can also increase the size of the pie and i say that as a vaccine researcher and immunisation researcher who has done work over a number of decades both in high and low income
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countries that you can increase the size of the pie. the problem is that we're not doing either. we are not equitably distributing and if there is justification for protecting the vulnerable population of a high income country, there has not been a serious effort, we haven't worked with the fierce urgency to increase the size of the pie and the number of vaccines in the system through increased production and donation and, most importantly, through increased technology transfer. six people have been shot dead and many more have been injured in the lebanese capital, beirut, during a demonstration by shia muslim groups against thejudge investigating last year's massive port explosion. huge tension surrounds the probe into the port explosion with the hezbollah group and its allies claiming thejudge is biased — but the families of the blast victims have given
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him their support. 0ur middle east correspondent anna foster reports. it started as a protest. but the tension quickly mounted. within minutes, it became a battlefield. nobody knows yet who started the shooting. rapid gunfire. but the exchanges of gunfire between christian and shia armed groups stirs ghosts of the country's civil war. for hours, shooting echoed through the streets of beirut. not everyone survived. translation: my wife was hiding downstairs, | but our neighbour was killed. she was shot in the head with a bullet. she had kids, her daughter got married just two days ago. it's a very confused picture right now, there are many, many soldiers out here
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on the streets trying to work out exactly where the firing is coming from. a lot of the exchange of fire is going onjust at this cross—section here. we can hear regular bursts of automatic gunfire, we can hear the thump of rpgs like that one. we've seen somebody shooting from the top of a building and the army are now trying to work out how to contain this situation, which escalated so rapidly. as the shooting faded, the clean—up started, but the scars and the divisions remain. accountability for the port blast is vital for the lebanese people, but tonight, it feels further away than ever. anna foster, bbc news, beirut. well, earlier i spoke to hussain abdul—hussain who's a research fellow at the foundation for the defense of democracies. here is his explanation of the cause of the violent scenes witnessed earlier in beirut. first of all the march started as a protest against the judge in front of the justice palace
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and on the way back, the pro— hezbollah partisans decided to swerve left and go into a christian neighbourhood and i must�*ve terrorised these christian guys over there. no—one knows who started the shooting like in the report but once the shooting started, it generally ugly. once the shooting started, it generally ugly-— once the shooting started, it generally ugly. what was the issue with — generally ugly. what was the issue with judge _ generally ugly. what was the issue with judge in _ generally ugly. what was the | issue with judge in question? thejudge is the issue with judge in question? the judge is the second judge that has biller objects too. at first, they objected to, hezbollah was against any international investigation into the port explosion and they insisted on domestic judicial authority doing its job. there was an investigator, a judge appointed before this one, and has bollaert said that guy “ one, and has bollaert said that
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guy —— that hezbollah said he was biased. and again they refuse investigation after another one was appointed. they refuse all investigations, international or local and the only thing they want to see is a judge to say it was an accident and to move on and not onlyjudicially but for the whole commentary. i think big chunks of the lebanese population refuse this argument that hezbollah are saying. but oliticians that hezbollah are saying. but politicians are saying these issues can be resolved and its importance because for those issues to be resolved, the enquiry can take place and they can bejustice for the enquiry can take place and they can be justice for the victims families but there has not been adjusted since 2005, ever since the prime was assassinated. even a un tribunal indicted five members of hezbollah and they refused thatjustice and now they refuse domestic
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justice. the formula that hezbollah offers the lebanese people is that if you want to dig, there will be war. this was the same thing offered to the syrians in syria. are you worried about the threat of civil war, this is not the first flashpoint?- civil war, this is not the first flashpoint? i'm not worried- _ first flashpoint? i'm not worried. i— first flashpoint? i'm not worried. i do _ first flashpoint? i'm not worried. i do not - first flashpoint? i'm not worried. i do not think. first flashpoint? i'm not - worried. i do not think there is any power parity between hezbollah and its opponents, has bollaert is a lot stronger and can beat the lebanese army —— hezbollah and the only thing they know is to take things by force and they trying to say to people do not let us do that. this is what we saw happening today. former us president bill clinton has been admitted to hospital with a suspected blood infection. mr clinton, who is 75, is in the intensive care unit. his spokesman said on twitter that president clinton: "..was admitted to uci medical center to receive treatment for a non—covid related infection."
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doctors there say he is being closely monitored and responding well to anti—biotics. let's get some of the day's other news: polish mps have passed a controversial bill that allows border guards to immediately expel migrants who've crossed the border illegally, even if they are asylum seekers. poland has seen a huge surge in the number of people — many from the middle east — trying to reach the country illegally from belarus. the world health organization says tuberculosis is on the rise for the first time in a decade, mainly due to the effects of the coronavirus pandemic. one point five million people died from tb last year. the who says funds meant for treating the disease have been diverted and lockdowns have prevented many from getting help. the us congressional committee investigating the capitol hill riots in january says it is pursuing criminal charges against donald trump's former chief strategist steve bannon. mr bannon failed to testify to the committee on thursday, ignoring a summon.
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eight brazilian soldiers who shot dead a man driving his family to a baby shower have been convicted of murder. evaldo rosa died along with a local man who tried to help him after soldiers fired more than two hundred and fifty shots at the car in rio dejaneiro. the case has angered many in brazil. mr rosa's widow says the sentencing, "brought peace to my soul". us real estate heir robert durst has been sentenced to life in prison for killing his best friend. durst was found guilty of killing susan berman in 2000 to stop her talking to police about his wife's disappearance in 1982. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: picking out predictions from past episodes of the simpsons — we'll explain the unusual job offer and speak to the show�*s executive producer. parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area where most of the damage was done, they are more conscious than ever of how
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much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb . which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, i ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not weaken. democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation - held its breath for the men they called the 33. and then, bells tolled i nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar. -
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this is bbc world news, the main story this hour: a day of mourning begins in lebanon after a bout of deadly violence. six people were killed after gunmen attacked a protest led by the shia group, hezbollah. police are treating a bow and arrow attack in norway that left five people dead as an act of terrorism. a 37 year old is being held after a man went on the rampage last night in the town of kongsberg, from where mark lowen sent this report. a medieval weapon of modern terror, piercing the calm of this once sleepy town. police were called after six o'clock last night when an attacker fired indiscriminately from his bow and arrow. when they tried to intervene, he unleashed more volleys. by the time they caught him half an hour later, he had killed four women and one man and injured three others.
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today, police identified him as 37—year—old espen andersen brathen, a local resident of danish nationality, who had converted to islam and had previously raised concerns over radicalisation. and they say he's confessed. the act itself looks like a terror act, but we do not know what is the motivation of the perpetrator here. the supermarket where the killing spree began bears the scars of the horror, and kongsberg, this town of 25,000 people, has been shattered. norway's new prime minister, on his first day in the job, takes over a country in mourning. translation: these are gruesome acts that have been _ committed, quite surreal. my thoughts go to those who have been exposed to this, relatives, families and everybody who has been seriously frightened. tonight, they paid tribute to the victims. this close community in one of the world's most peaceful
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countries has been devastated. it's scary. beata was out shopping with her children when the rampage began. so we hid in the sport shop for, like, 45 minutes, i guess? it was dark outside and we were quite frightened. this is a small town and it's safe here. i've never been afraid to walk out in the dark before, since i was this age, but now it feels kind of unsafe. amidst the heartache, questions will linger over how a man flagged as a security risk seemingly slipped through the net. but for now, it's a time to remember and reflect on how this town's carefree spirit was crushed and how to rekindle it. mark lowen, bbc news, kongsberg. a hospital in canada has
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carried out what is believed to be a medicalfirst. doctors there performed a double lung transplant. nothing new about that of course, but the organs were delivered to the hospital by a drone. the bbc�*s tim allman has the story. alain hodak is 63 years old. two years ago, he was diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease that made his life a misery. it was just close to unbearable, having no air. doctors told him he needed a transplant. when it comes to this kind of operation, every second counts. so this was how the donated organs would be transported to the hospital — an especially built drone travelling across the city with the most precious cargo imaginable. the clock was ticking. the journey beginning at the toronto western hospital, in a trip that lasted just six minutes, the drone travelled 1.5 kilometres to the toronto general hospital,
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where the medical team were waiting. if you could fly a drone into the city, then you could fly a drone anywhere, right? and that was what we set out to do here — to prove that concept. a life—saving life—changing operation went ahead without a hitch. to be part of the future is kind of really exciting and it's an honourfor me. i could not believe that this was happening because i was so afraid to lose him. the team behind the drone believes this could revolutionise organ delivery. their next step, testing bigger drones that can travel much further. as for alain, he is recovering well and he's promised to take care of his new lungs. tim allman, bbc news. now, since debuting in 1989 the simpsons has become a global phenomenon, with over 700 episodes and counting it is the longest running american sitcom of all time, with an international fan base to match thanks to the fact that it airs
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in over 200 countries. the show is a comedy insitution, but over the years the show has also had an uncanny ability to predict the future, like when they made this jibe about a certain reality television host in an episode broadcast all the way back in the year 2000. as you know, we've inherited quite a budget crunch from president trump. how bad is it, secretary van houten? we're broke! the country's broke? how can that be? well, remember when the last administration decided to invest in our nation's children? big mistake. that was 15 years before donald trump ran for president. and now for one lucky fan, everything's coming up millhouse, as a casino is set to pay someone $7,000 to watch every episode of the simpsons. they hope that by analysing all 700—plus shows, they'll be able to correctly predict the future. to top it all off, you'll
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get a weekly supply of homer simpson's favourite food donuts. so can the simpsons predict the future, the man with all the answers is executive producer aljean. well, i've seen the episodes already, but i don't think it would be fair for me to do so. so you did predict this? we predicted it, and we predicted that somebody would offer £5,000 to view all the episodes in the year 2021, it's pretty uncanny. you are on the money, and i want to know how come you're on the money? do you guys have a magic ball? because you predicted the winner of the nobel prize for economics, that the fact that your own company fox would be bought by disney, greece falling into economic meltdown, lady gaga playing the super bowl and, one of my favourites, a three—eyed fish. well, if you throw enough darts, you'll hit enough bull's—eyes, or we actually have a greek oracle on staff, so you can pick the answer. but is there something about your writing process where you do try and
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predict the future? well, we write the episodes about a year in advance so we're trying to be a little bit ahead of our time, but people have told us the one thing they wish is that we make some good predictions of things they want to happen, so we've got to work on that. are there any plotlines you still want to come true, like would you like, for example, a city trapped under a dome? that hasn't happened, but stephen king did write the book under the dome after we did it first. i guess there's that for us. and of course the movie itself gas a particular hero, homer. who would you say is a modern day homer? i would say that a lot of americans are modern day homers, i think that's one reason it's so popular in the uk, you know, they're laughing a little bit at us, not with us. and is one of the predictions that you could tell us on air now, for example, that there will be a sequel to the simpsons movie? i'm sure anything as popular as the simpsons never ends at one. i'll put it that way.
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could we push you on that? it won't be soon. i mean, you know, it's tough predicting if any movie's come out next. but we have worked on it a little bit but it's not going to come out, you know, any soon. and finally, how did you feel making your debut at the paris fashion week? that was fantastic. we worked with balenciaga. somehow we kept it all a secret. and i went from not knowing what balenciaga was to thinking, "now i'm a key element in the world of design," so it's been a crazy year. will he be affecting wardrobes within the next episodes of the simpsons, then? no, but as you can see, i mean, i dress great, so i'll keep that up. you can reach me on twitter — i'm @ mark lobel. thank you forjoining us.
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hello. a chilly start to friday across the north of the uk. we've had a cold front gradually working its way southwards through thursday. that's been bringing some outbreaks of rain. and as its name implies, behind it, we've got colder air, so likely to see a touch of frost through parts of northeast scotland and northeast england to start the day on friday. further south, still holding onto this milder air through parts of south wales and into southern england. and it's here we've still got that frontal zone through friday morning, so cloudier, maybe the odd patch of rain. most of that will have fizzled out. through the afternoon, the cloud should thin and break here. and for all of us, we should see some good spells of sunshine during friday. just more cloud pushing into northern and western scotland through the afternoon. temperatures lower here, just nine or 10 celsius the top temperature.
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certainly a fresher feel compared to friday. 13 to 15 celsius further south, perhaps 16 across southwest england. but it's a fine end to the day for most, late spells of sunshine before cloud piles in across the north and west of scotland overnight, also into northern ireland and western parts of england and wales too. further east is where we'll have the clearer skies and once again a cold night, particularly for northeast scotland and northeast england, where we could see a few pockets of air frost. but this brief autumnal chill doesn't last for long. as we head into the weekend, we've got further frontal systems approaching from the west. and with those, we'll see a return of the milder air across much of england, wales and northern ireland on saturday and eventually back up into scotland on sunday. so let's take a closer look at saturday, which overall will be a cloudier day compared to friday. most will be dry, the odd patch of rain, but some rain will arrive into northern ireland as we head into the late afternoon. temperatures starting to recover on saturday, but still a fairly cool feel
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across the far northeast of england and into scotland. and on sunday, this frontal system will slide its way across and begin to weaken — look what's happening out into the west. but on sunday, we're likely to see some showers, maybe some longer spells of rain. but come the afternoon, looks like the rain will begin to ease and we should see a few spells of sunshine developing. temperatures back up into the mid, if not high teens and starting to feel a little bit less chilly across scotland as well. but as we move into next week, it will be mild, yes, but we're also likely to see some frequent showers or longer spells of rain. goodbye.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: a day of mourning's begun in lebanon after violence erupted in the capital, beirut, leaving six people dead. gunmen targeted a protest organised by shia group hezbollah. the us, un and the international community have echoed the lebanese prime minister's calls for calm. former us president bill clinton has been admitted to a hospital in california for what's being described as a non—covid—related infection. a spokesman for the 75—year—old says he is "on the mend," "in good spirits" and "responding well to antibiotics." kenyan police have arrested the husband of record—breaking runner agnes tirop, who was stabbed to death in a killing that has shocked her home country and the world of athletics. tirop was a double world championships medallist and olympian. now on bbc news, it's time for hardtalk.


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