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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 19, 2021 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, i'm lucy grey. our top stories: tributes to colin powell, the first african—american to be appointed us secretary of state, who has died at the age of 8a. he gave the state department the very best of his leadership, his experience, his patriotism. he gave us his decency, and the state department loved him for it. let us keep silence. a minute's silence as members of the british parliament remember one of their own, paying tribute to sir david amess who was killed in a knife attack on friday. donald trump files a lawsuit against the select committee investigating the attack on congress, as he tries to keep records from his presidency secret.
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and see it at the cinema. hollywood star timothee chalamet urges fans to not watch his new sci—fi epic, dune, on the small screen. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. colin powell, the first african—american to serve as us secretary of state has died at the age of 8a. following a distinguished military career, which culminated in his appointment as a chairman of thejoint chiefs of staff, he served as secretary of state in the first term of president george w bush where he sparked controversy for helping build support for the iraq war. our north american editor looks back at his life. general colin powell, the very embodiment of the american dream.
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the first black secretary of state, the first black leader of the us military. yet he was born to jamaican immigrants in harlem and was lost as a teenager. today, flags were lowered to half staff and the tributes have been lavish. he broke so many barriers and those barriers were not easy to break by any stretch. but he did it with dignity, he did it with grace. until saddam hussain�*s invasion of kuwait in 1990, colin powell was relatively unknown. after it, he became a household name, as america's first black commander of the us military. he developed the powell doctrine — don't start a war unless you know how you are going to end it. in many ways, he was a reluctant warrior, having been injured during the vietnam war, but if force is to be used, then let it be overwhelming. our strategy to go after this
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army is very, very simple. first we're going to cut it off and then we're going to kill it. having reached the top of the military, he'd now blaze a new trial, becoming america's most senior diplomatjust before 9/11. it's a great honour for me to submit the name to the united states senate of colin l powell, as secretary of state. and at the un, he made a case for the invasion of iraq that he would later ruefully admit was based on incorrect information. there can be no doubt that saddam hussein has biological weapons and the capability to rapidly produce more, many more, and he has the ability to dispense these lethal poisons and diseases in ways that can cause massive death and destruction. but for all that, this moderate republican was being courted by both parties to run to become the country's first african—american president. powell decided against, instead throwing his weight behind democrat barack obama's bid for that place in history. this morning a great soldier, a great statesman, a great american, has endorsed our campaign
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for change. i am so proud that i have had this chance to serve my nation. this venerated soldier in later life used his ammunition sparingly, only intervening when he felt something needed saying, like earlier this year after the attempted insurrection at the capitol, when he called for donald trump to stand down immediately. i wish he would just do what nixon did and that's step down. somebody ought to go up there and tell him it's over. the plane is waiting for you, you're out. colin powell preached tolerance and moderation. he was a leader, warrior and statesman. and, according to many of the tributes today, a genuine american hero. the former us secretary of state. a key adviser to several presidents who died at the age of 8a. the former us secretary of state colin powell, has died at
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the age of 8a. i spoke with the senior national security correspondent at the washington post who wrote a biography of him. she gave me her take on what drove him to succeed. he was not a stellar student, was not a person of great ambition when he was in school, and when he went to college at city college in new york, which was where a lot of immigrants and the children of immigrants went — the public school there — he fell in with the rotc, the military training school at a college level and he found himself. he found that he liked the institution, he liked the structure, he liked the order, he liked the training and he liked the friendship, and that is where he saw
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the rest of his life being. but he wasn't massively ambitious from an early age, was he? no, i don't think so. in fact when he went to college i think he majored in geology, because he couldn't think of anything else to do. so again, i think that that was, he, he actually was walking on campus and saw a rifle group doing drills with the rifle and was so impressed hejust immediately joined up, put on the uniform, looked at himself in the mirror and said, "this is it, i'm a soldier". and eventually rose to become a 4—star general. was an important to him to be the first black person to be doing things, the first black secretary of state? i think he was very proud of his heritage, he was very proud to be a black man, but i think that he didn't want to be considered the,
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you know, "the black chairman" of thejoint chiefs of staff, the black secretary of state, he wanted to be considered the best. and again, although that was, being a black man was a large part of his identity, i almost think being the child of immigrants wasjust as big a part of his identity, and he, again, wanted to be recognised for his achievement and not necessarily for his colour. and of course his career and his reputation was tarnished by his making the case for the us invasion of iraq based on flawed intelligence, how did that affect him? well, you know, he always said that that was going to be in the first paragraph of his obituary and as i've looked at them today, he was right. i think that he regretted it, he was sorry that it happened, he was angry that it happened, because he blamed the intelligence community and other people in the us
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government for coming out and swearing by this information that turned out not to be true. but at the same time he wasn't a man to live in the past. he said it was wrong, he said he did it, and he wanted to move forward and in fact he spent the last about two decades of his life really moving forward. he gave speeches all around the world, he was very involved in organisations to help troubled youth, he started a public policy centre at his alma mater, the college he went to in new york, he was very, very active and inevitably he was always asked about it, and he didn't shy away from answering, but i don't think he dwelt on it himself. the top us envoy to afghanistan
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is stepping down from his role less than two months after american forces withdrew from the country. he was born in afghanistan and grew up in kabul. he is a veteran and us diplomat holding previous positions under format positions underformat president —joe biden, donald trump, barack obama and george w bush. he let the us dialogue with the taliban but after months of dramatic talks failed to stop the knowledge and power from seizing power in august — in his resignation letter he acknowledged that the political arrangement between the afghan government and the taliban did not go forward as envisaged. he added he was saddened for the afghan people, given the outcome. for more on the story, here is david willis from the us. the architect of the trump administration's peace
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agreement with taliban, the agreement with taliban, the agreement reached without the involvement or cooperation with the afghan government. it led to the taliban agreeing to holding the fire on departing us troops, provided they made a complete exit from the country by may this year. the deadline of course was later extended. but throughout all negotiations, zalmay khalilzad was said to have been seen to be relinquishing lavage, offering concessions to the taliban, not least of their demand that the 5000 taliban prisoners be released from jail throughout the country. there are those who say that he was facing an impossible task, being sandwiched between two american presidents and an impossible situation where both those residents are keen to withdraw american forces and two and america's longest war, but he has now resigned, stepped down from his postjust two months after the taliban
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run amok and took control of the country and the capital, kabul. south korea's militaries says pyongyang has filed a ballistic missile from the eastern border into the sea of japan. missile from the eastern border into the sea ofjapan. north korea has embarked on a series of missile test recently in defiance of international sanctions. the launch comes as intelligence envoys from the us, south korea and japan gather in seoul. the us envoy to north korea son kim has reiterated that the us is open to meeting north korea without preconditions. british mp is paid their respects to their murdered colleague sir david amess at a special settings at the house of commons. he was stabbed to death on friday while meeting members of the public. boris johnson told mps that say david's death left a vacuum they will never be filled. it was also announced that his local area south end would be granted city status, long jump and sir david. 0ur editor
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reports. holding on... ..at a church that should be a place of sanctuary, instead — for their father and husband — a place of violence. this family shattered, left reading messages from others. "thank you for all you have done." a simple note among the blanket of flowers. a way to express sorrow and support at parliament too. then the ultimate mark of respect... ..to still the commons�* usual clamour. 0n so many of their minds, perhaps, a phrase sir david himself wrote, "when mps are doing theirjobs, it could happen to any one of us."
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hear, hear. sir david was taken from us in a contemptible act of violence, striking at the core of what it is to be a member of this house and violating the sanctity both of the church in which he was killed and the constituency surgery that is so essential to our representative democracy. granting his dearest political wish. her majesty has agreed that southend will be accorded the city status it so clearly deserves. hear, hear! but mps on all sides have fears about their and their staffs safety. this place can be the scene of tantrums and torment — not today. i want to lean across, to reach across, and to acknowledge the pain that's felt on the opposite benches, and i do. members: hear, hear! of course our differences matter. after all, that is what democracy is about. but today we are reminded that what we have in common matters far more.
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while youre at it... in a packed commons, the only empty spot, sir david's old seat. his close friend furious at how mps are treated, urging a crackdown on online abuse. we are now systematically vilified day after day, and i simply say to you, ladies and gentlemen, that enough is enough. members: hear, hear. i'd like to drag mark zuckerberg of facebook and jack dorsey of twitter to the bar of the house. the survivor of a similar attack urged them to stand firm. we must not give up on the accessibility of members of parliament. if we do, the sponsors for those who attacked david and who attacked me will have succeeded. isn't it fitting that his last acts were acts of service to his constituents? there are tears on all sidesl of the house this afternoon. but an argument about civility in politics doesn't explain
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why, like five years ago, a family is in pain. it brought it back very physically. i was sort of shaking and unable to process it, really. that moment when you are told that they haven't made it and the weeks and months of despair and anguish that follow, i guess. if you were a young couple now, when she first said, "i think i want to go into parliament," would you try to persuade her not to do it? she had a vision for a society she wanted to see, and she would have taken personal risk to see it. so, i wouldn't have either tried or succeeded in trying to convince her to do anything differently, but i do think that there will be people that will be put off. this place is normally fuelled by difference, by argument, but tonight, they walked together across the road together...
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..sang and listened together. the noble calling of politicians in a democracy is to make all manner of sacrifices — seen and unseen. a moment to remember a man who believed in that, their common cause. laura kuenssberg, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news now. the us justice the usjustice department has asked the supreme court to reinstate a block on a top —— texas law banning abortions. it is clearly unconstitutional. iraqi authorities say they have arrested a suspect in one of the worst bombings claimed by the worst bombings claimed by the islamic state group. more than 300 people died in a car bombing in baghdad five years ago. stay with us on bbc news. still to come:
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the hollywood star urging fans to head to the cinema. a historic moment that many of his victims have waited for for decades. the former dictator in the dock, older, slimmer. and as he sat down, obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plane outside, it lights up a biblical famine now in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion, in argentina today- it is actually cheaper— to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies in the past with great britain, but as good friends, we have always found a good and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style after almost three decades in service. an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long taxis home one last time.
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this is bbc world news. the latest headlines. the world remembers colin powell who has died at the age of 8a. british members of parliament have paid their respects to the mp sir david amess who was killed in a knife attack on friday. former us president donald trump has filed a lawsuit seeking to block the release of white house documents to a congressional committee investigating the january sex assault on the capital. mr trump called the committee's respect for records illegal, unfounded and overbroad. he says the material is covered by executive privilege, which protects the confidentiality of some white house records are.
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richard painter was the chief white house ethics lawyer and is now a law professor at the university of minnesota. he told me more about executive privilege. that president nixon could not exert executive privilege over the white house tapes recording his phone calls in which he had instructed others to obstruct the watergate investigation. sometimes executive privilege is upheld. but one thing is very clear — that the executive privilege belongs to the president of the united states, the current, sitting president of the united states, and that isjoe biden. joe biden has the right to assert the executive privilege with respect to communications of any prior president because he holds the presidency, and the courts would decide whether
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the executive privilege stands or does not. unlike richard nixon back in 1973, donald trump is no longer president. there is no way that he can assert the privilege sitting on a golf cart in florida as a former president. he has no standing to assert privilege. i don't believe the federal courts will pay any attention to this. right. well, his case claimed that the committee's requests are unprecedented in their breadth and scope and are untethered from any legitimate purpose. the january sex insurrection was unprecedented, at least since the civil war, and we had the capitol building of the united states. this is a very serious matter, and congress rightfully is conducting an investigation of what happened onjanuary 6 and they want to know whether
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anyone in the white house, including former president trump was involved in that, and incited the insurrection, he gave speeches which clearly appeared to incite insurrection, and congress has the right to find out what happened, and indeed i have called upon the department ofjustice to appoint a specialist prosecutor to investigate the events of january 6. that has not yet happen in thejustice department. president biden needs to make that decision, but at least congress has decided to move forward with an investigation. this was a very serious matter, it could have resulted in a coup and overthrown the united states government and the establishment of a dictatorship in the united states, a very a dangerous situation in january 6, and congress has every right and responsibility to investigate. to australia now. 400 koalas will be vaccinated against
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chlamydia again the trial research could play a significant role in long—term survival of one one of the country was most beloved spaces. —— species. the australian koala foundation estimates there are less than 100,000 koalas left in the wild. the media, a sexually transmitted disease, affect the half of the population. the disease, which can be spread from mothers to the newborns, can cause debilitating conjunctivitis, blindness, bladder infections, and at times infertility. although chlamydia can sometimes be treated with antibiotics, research say preventing the spread of the disease is referable to treating it.— disease is referable to treatin: it. , ., ., treating it. they go through the normal _ treating it. they go through the normal treatment - treating it. they go through - the normal treatment processes and the day before they are ready to be released back into the wild, they get the vaccine and a microchip and get some data to see how well it went. scientists call the vaccine a game changer.—
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scientists call the vaccine a game changer. even if it is 50 to 70% effective, _ game changer. even if it is 50 to 7094. effective, that - game changer. even if it is 50 to 70% effective, that is - game changer. even if it is 50 to 7094. effective, that is ok. | to 70% effective, that is ok. that will make a big difference to the other half of the population. to the other half of the p°pulati°"-_ population. following australia's _ population. following| australia's devastating bushfires in 2019 adjust or to have killed more than 60,000 koalas, rejecting them from more crucial than error. in the wake ofjames bond public return to the big screen, wejoined 007 in the campaign to entice people back to the cinemas after the pandemic. it goes next week. they urge audiences not to dilate their experience by watching it at home. thomas mcgill was on hand to speak to some of the film stars.
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the crowds are back in leicester square, despite the rain, and we are hosting a gala screening of a pretty epic movie and the screams you were hearing earlier are all for the star—studded cast and tonight we have timothy dune and our very own londoner sharon duncan as well. sorry about the weather first of all. no, this is lovely, it adds a glimmer. at the vibe of london, the spirit. this is what london is always like, right? timothy is getting used to it now! you spent the last six months here, so how has it been? not quite, maybe a month or two, it's been great, i've got good friends here and i love it here. i'm from new york, so it doesn't feel that much different. i was asking sharon earlier about any tips on where to go. proper london. i'm not staying in east london,
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but it's starting right now. let's get him some delicacies, and we will get it right, i promise. i have a feeling in a month you're going to see us out and about. i will let you get out of this terrible weather. go and see it at imax, not on a tv! finally, rapper kanye west is known as ye. the go—ahead has been given to change his name with no middle or last name. his eye had bands and authorised by the change. he called his eighth studio album ye after being inspired by the bible. even goes by that title on twitter. i am on twitter, lucy grey. you can get more on all of our stories on our
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website. thank you for your company. hello. good evening. quite a few parts of the country had temperatures of 18 degrees today, and it's likely to get warmer tomorrow, if and when the sunshine does come out. the warmer air is coming our way, thanks to the winds from the south or south—west, but as we've seen already, that has brought with it a lot of cloud. the cloud is still around at the moment, and this cloud here, coming infrom the atlantic, is going to bring the next area of rain later in the night. the earlier rain and drizzle is moving away and, for a while, there could be a few breaks in the cloud. that'll lead to the odd mist and fog patch, and then that thicker cloud arrives, mainly across the western side of the uk, to bring some rain for these areas. and, of course, after the warmth that we had during the day, then the temperatures aren't going to fall very low overnight, 12 to 14 degrees. we start, though, with a lot of cloud. we've got some outbreaks
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are rain around. —— we've got some outbreaks of rain around. that could be heavy for a while over some of these western hills. mostly, as we head into the afternoon, the rain is in the north and west. it could cheer up again later across parts of northern ireland. but ahead of the rain in the afternoon, we should get some sunshine in east anglia and the south—east, and it's here temperatures could reach 20 or 21 degrees, more typical of early summer. but even where we have cloud and outbreaks of rain, it's around 17 to 19 celsius, so a very mild day. but there's more rain in the forecast for wednesday, this time generally moving northwards across england and wales. some thundery downpours possible. either side of that, there's going to be some sunshine. it's still a mild day on wednesday, just not quite as mild as tuesday, and we've got this rain arriving in the north—west of scotland. that's going to be significant because to the north of that, there is colder air, and that will push across the country through the rest of the week, and the weather will feel very different. now, we still have a tangle of weather fronts on the scene during wednesday. as we head into thursday, these are the main ones drifting down across the uk, bringing with it some
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showery outbreaks of rain, and then those northerly winds come setting in, and it's those northerly winds that will drop the temperatures as well. now, we've still got some outbreaks of rain to clear away from some eastern parts of england on thursday. 0therwise, there'll be some sunshine, a rash of showers, the showers in the far north over the higher ground maybe of a wintry flavour as well, and it's going to be a windy day. the winds generally from the north, possibly touching gale force around some north sea coasts, and that of course will make it feel colder and very different from what we're feeling at the moment. so 8 degrees the best in northern scotland, 13 in southern england and wales.
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laura kuenssberg, bbc news.
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welcome to bbc news. our top stories: president biden has paid tribute to colin powell, the first african—american to be appointed us secretary of state. mr powell has died from covid complications at the age of 84. mr biden described him as a warrior and a diplomat who repeatedly broke racial barriers. british members of parliament have paid their respects to the mp sir david amess who was killed in a knife attack on friday. a minute's silence was observed before the archbishop of canterbury conducted a memorial service at saint margarets church in westminster. and donald trump has filed a lawsuit against the us house select committee investigating the attack on congress on january six. the former president is hoping to keep the records secret by claiming the material is covered under executive privilege.
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now on bbc news, it's time for hardtalk.

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