welcome to newsday — reporting live from singapore — i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines... a stark covid warning from the world health organisation — the pandemic will last longer because of the unequal distribution of vaccines. brazil's president should face criminal charges over his handling of the pandemic — so says a parliamentary inquiry — but he dismisses the findings. britain's health secretary rejects calls to reintroduce covid restrictions in england — even though he admits cases could reach 100,000 a day in the uk. we've been in a race, a race between the vaccine and the virus. and although we are ahead in that race, the gap is narrowing.
joe biden�*s nominee to be american ambassador in beijing takes a tough line on china at his senate confirmation hearing. prc's genocide, its abuses in tibet, its smothering of hong kong's autonomy and freedoms and its bullying of taiwan are unjust and must stop. live from our studio in singapore — this is bbc news. it's newsday. it's 7am in singapore, and midnight in london where the world health organisation has warned the bbc that the coronavirus pandemic will go on for a year longer than it needs to because of the unequal distribution of vaccines. it comes as a group of charities have criticised the uk and canada for themselves using doses
from covax 7 the global programme to ensure vaccines are distributed fairly. naomi grimley reports. it's the question we all keep asking — when will this pandemic end? not as soon as it could is the answer from the world health organisation because of uneven vaccine distribution across the world. there have been plenty of summits about vaccine donations to poorer countries, but the exasperation of who officials is clear to see. we need a stock take, the 620 at the end of october, —— we need a stock take, the 620 will meet at the end of october, we need them to say, "where are we with those commitments? " and i can tell you today, you are not on track. you need to really speed it up, or you know what, this pandemic is going to go on for a year longer than it needs to. covax was the international programme set up to ensure all countries —
both rich and poor — could get enough vaccines to cover at least 20% of their population. but it hasn't worked out as planned, the vast majority of vaccine doses administered have been in richer countries. africa especially has been left behind. a new analysis from a group of charities called the people's vaccine alliance shows the huge gap between what the world's richest countries have promised to give the poorest versus the number of doses delivered so far. the uk and canada have been singled out for a particular criticism, as both countries acquired some vaccines from covax for their own populations, even though they had their own supplies. 0n the one hand, every country thatjoined the covax facility was entitled to obtain vaccines, but these two countries obtained many, many doses through bilateral agreements that could best be characterised as hoarding. so the idea that they would then double—dip and take more vaccines from the covax initiative really is morally indefensible. the uk has stressed it
helped kick start covax and was one of its most generous financial supporters. the canadian government told us it's now stopped procuring vaccines from covax. as it became clear that the supply that we had secured through our bilateral deals with different companies, like astrazeneca, pfizer and moderna would be sufficient for the canadian population, we then pivoted the doses that we had procured from covax to be donated back to covax, so that they could be redistributed to developing countries that needed those doses. the latest warning from the world health organisation is that the pandemic will continue deep into 2022. it's a urging pharmaceutical companies and wealthy nations to make sure low income countries are now prioritised in the queue for life—saving vaccines. naomi grimley, bbc news.
turning to brazil now, where presidentjair bolsonaro has blasted a parliamentary report saying he should face criminal charges for his handling of brazil's covid pandemic. mr bolsonaro said the results of the six—month inquiry produced "nothing but hatred and rancour". he's been accused of failing to control the virus that has killed more than six 100,000 brazilians. —— killed more than 600,000 brazilians. the bbc�*s katy watson is in brasilia and sent this report. but despite president bolsonaro's bold predictions, covid—19 wreaked havoc in brazil. there is no normalfor the hundreds of thousands of families who lost loved ones. and as each new grave was dug, denial at the top continued. today was a combination of nearly six months of hearings, picking apart all that bolsonaro did and and didn't do.
the government was accused of underplaying the crisis from the very start. senators pointing to our report in the amazon — where hospitals collapsed earlier this year — as proof the situation was worse than claimed. ahead of the report's final reading, crimes, including indigenous genocide and mass homicide, were removed. that, though, doesn't mean bolsonaro has been let off. translation: n0, absolutely not. - the combined charges against president bolsonaro amount to more than 84 years in prison. this man spent four months in icu. the scars from being intubated still very visible. his family refused to believe the doctors when they said his only option was palliative care. thanks to them, he is here today. "families were betrayed," he says, "they feel a weight on their conscience that they could have done something like my family did. it was an ideological
choice made, not a medical one with my treatment." the inquiry has its critics. bolsonaro supporters say it's vindictive, and he remains resolute. 600,000 deaths and counting, while brazil buries the dead, crimes are still being unearthed. but willjair bolsonaro have to answer to them? katy watson reporting from brasilia. britain's health secretary has warned that there could be up to be one hundred thousand new covid cases a day this winter. sajid javid urged those who are unvaccinated to getjabbed.
and he advised everyone to start wearing face masks in crowded settings. but he came short of calling for mandatory face coverings, and a return to working from home — the so—called plan b. more from our health editor hugh pym. queues of ambulances waiting to hand over patients at some hospitals tell their own story — the nhs under intensifying pressure, coping with a range of health conditions, and all that before winter has started to bite. and today, the health secretary struck a more downbeat note, with a warning about the outlook for covid cases. they could go yet as high as 100,000 a day. we are also seeing greater pressure on the nhs. across the uk, we are now approaching 1,000 hospitalisations per day. health leaders say, with those covid numbers adding to the existing strain on hospitals, intervention
is needed now, in the shape of the government's plan b, setting out tougher measures which could be implemented. when you have the combination of winter pressures, covid pressures and the backlog, put all of that together, you've got a perfect storm, and that's why we need to do everything we can to reduce the pressure, and that's why we need plan b now. the government says it will introduce plan b if there is unsustainable pressure on the nhs in england, with steps like making face coverings mandatory in some if there is unsustainable pressure on the nhs in england, with steps like making face coverings mandatory in some settings, asking people to work from home and introducing vaccine passports. in northern ireland, face coverings remain a legal requirement in crowded indoor spaces. it's the same for masks in wales. proof of vaccination at nightclubs is needed and people are encouraged to work from home. scotland's strategy, similarly, includes vaccine passports and facemasks in schools and some other settings. ministers say the strategy in england for now is to focus on the continued roll—out of vaccines, boosterjabs
and first and second doses for those who haven't already had them. but the big unknown is whether that can happen fast enough to help slow any future spread of the virus. here, gareth is getting a third dose. he's eligible because he is undergoing treatment for cancer and his immune system has been compromised. i feel great, actually. ifeel a lot more confident going forward. i am a great believer in the vaccination programme. sajid javid ruled out plan b for now, but he warned that, if people didn't come forward forjabs, the government might have to step in. am i saying that, if we don't do our bit, get vaccinated, you know, all those behavioural changes that we can make, that we are more likely to face restrictions as we head into winter? i am saying that. i think we've been really clear that we've all got a role to play. he also announced deals to secure two new treatments for covid patients, which would be available
for the nhs if approved by regulators, but that could be a few months away. in the meantime, the virus threat is still looming. hugh pym, bbc news. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines... at least 46 people have died and several are missing after floods caused by unseasonal heavy rain hit the northern indian state of uttarakhand. the impact has been devastating; fields of crops have been destroyed, roads blocked, and bridges have been washed away. the indian airforce has been called in to help the rescue effort. across the border in nepal, rescuers have been making desperate attempts to reach a village in the west of the country, where around sixty people have been marooned by flood waters for two days. 31 people have been reported dead after days of heavy rains across the country. experts in the us state of florida are investigating whether suspected human remains found in a park belong to brian laundrie. he's the boyfriend of a young woman found murdered in wyoming last month.
gabby petito, who kept a popular travel blog, went missing weeks earlier while on a road trip with brian laundrie. presidentjoe biden�*s nominee to be us ambassador to china, nicholas burns, has taken a tough line on china at his senate confirmation hearing in washington, saying "genocide in xinjiang," abuses in tibet and bullying of taiwan must stop. mr burns is a longtime diplomat who previously served as us ambassador to nato and greece. here's some of what he had to say. prc�*s genocide, its abuses in tibet, its smothering of hong kong's autonomy and freedoms and its bullying of taiwan are unjust and must stop. beijing's recent actions against taiwan are especially objectionable. human rights campaigners are calling for a boycott
of next years' beijing winter olympics over alleged human right violations in china. protests were held in greece where the traditional torch lighting ceremony was held ahead of february's covid—restricted games. but campaigners say that even a toned—down winter olympics should not be free from protests and boycotts over issues such as uighur rights and tibet and hong kong. william nee is a human rights campaigner who's recently left hong kong. he's also a member of the chinese human rights defenders group and hejoins me now from draper, in utah, in the united states. great to have you on the programme with us today. ijust want to start by asking you, do you think a boycott is necessary, and if so, why do you think that, given that this is a sporting event, and organisers would say, let's keep politics out of it. well, i think there _ keep politics out of it. well, i think there are _ keep politics out of it. well, i think there are a _ keep politics out of it. well, i think there are a lot - keep politics out of it. well, i think there are a lot of - i think there are a lot of people who are calling for a
boycott, and i totally understand that. my organisation is calling fred diplomatic boycott, and here is the reason, china can put on a good 0lympics. we know that. they are good at the logistics, they will have good venues, but what is happening right now is the human rights crisis. as he mentioned, they are up to 1,000,000 people who are detained, many of those people are in re—education camps, some have now been sentenced to long prison terms, ten or 15 years, and this is particularly affecting intellectual uighur muslims, the poets, the artists, the businesspeople, people who have no connexion whatsoever to terrorism. down in hong kong, we have seen the national security law enacted, which is just eviscerating rights. at the detention of people who put on that human square that gel. so what this means is the chinese government are going to use the olympics till solidify their power and
to milk it for everything it's worth in terms of gaining international recognition and gaining honour and glory. so thatis gaining honour and glory. so that is why we are staying for countries not to send their ambassadors or other delegations and to not give china the opportunity to politicise the olympics, which we agree shouldn't be politcised in general. william, we have already _ politcised in general. william, we have already heard - politcised in general. william, we have already heard from i politcised in general. william, i we have already heard from ioc president thomas park who stressed that the games must be respected as politically neutral ground. what you are suggesting would politicise this event. so, you know, how did those two viewpoints get reconciled? and how effective do you think a diplomatic boycott might be? i understand the oint boycott might be? i understand the point that _ boycott might be? i understand the point that it _ boycott might be? i understand the point that it should - boycott might be? i understand the point that it should be - the point that it should be politically neutral, and that makes a lot of sense, but all we have to do is look back to the 2008 olympics when the 2014 youth 0lympics that took place in china where you had people's
liberation army soldiers goose—stepping the chinese flag into the stadium and the communist party leaders, including the president looking down on this. this is the type of thing that we are going to see, so it's really kind of impossible to have a politically neutral event when you have a country that is using the to use them in such a way, and to make matters where it's from a dealer picks about solidarity, peace, people coming from different regions, and china is not going to allow people to come and who are outside spectators and are only going to limits ticket sales to people who are already residing in the country. they are saying that this is happening for covert reasons, which does make sense, but i think there is a way to have spectators come in in a way that respects the right to life and right to health with coalbed. william
dare on that _ health with coalbed. william dare on that story _ health with coalbed. william dare on that story for - health with coalbed. william dare on that story for us. . dare on that story for us. thank you forjoining us on newsday. the united states says it's time to engage in a sustained dialogue with north korea with the goal of achieving a complete denuclearisation of the korean peninsula. the us ambassador to the united nations, linda thomas— greenfield, repeated washington had no hostile intent towards pyongyang and was willing to meet north korean officials without any pre— conditions. she also condemned pyongyang's latest missile test as the security council met to discuss the issue. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... salvation from the skies — a mission to rescue dogs trapped by lava on the spanish island — la palma. a historic moment that many of his victims have waited forfor decades. the former dictator in the dock older, slimmer. and as he sat down,
obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on a plane outside, it lights up a biblicalfamine now in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion, in argentina today it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies - in the past with great britain, but as good friends we have always found a good - and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style after almost three decades in service. an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long taxis home one last time. this is newsday on the bbc.
i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. 0ur headlines... a stark covid warning from the world health organisation — the pandemic will last longer because of the unequal distribution of vaccines. brazil's president should face criminal charges over his handling of the pandemic — so says a parliamentary inquiry — but he dismisses the findings. more on that story now from brazil. i spoke to lorena barberia from the department of political science at the university of sao paulo to ask what the significance is of the inquiry. since the inquiry started in april it's been very important, it's produced evidence and data that we didn't have access to and that wasn't in view or in discussion, and the testimonies, the data, the evidence that has been brought forward throughout the hearings have been fundamentally important.
there has been critical weeks where it has completely shaped the debate in society about the response to the pandemic and help to understand better why we have 600,000 deaths. yes, you know, there is no guarantee that the inquiry will lead necessarily to a criminal charge. i think that is the understanding at this point in time, but could he go to jail because macbeth happened before in brazil. so, yes, that's correct. this is the beginning of a long process, and that's important to understand, but it's important to understand that the evidence that was produced in the report is over 1,000 pages, including allegations and details about crimes including corruption charges, including charges about crimes against humanity. there is numerous possible crimes which the president can be prosecuted by the federal prosecutor if he chooses to act on the report. that is one of the goals.
i think the second goal is in terms of society and the terms of voters, this report and the evidence it brings forward helps to really document and uphold the president accountable for this situation that we live in brazil and we continue to see transpire currently, which we still continue to have very high infection rates and death rates, so nothing unfortunately has changed in terms of the government's approach to this pandemic. nikolas cruz, the man who shot dead 17 people at a school in parkland, florida, three years ago, has pleaded guilty to murder — and the attempted murder of 17 others who were injured. the 23 year old apologised to the victims and their families in court. prosecutors have described the killings — one of the deadliest school shootings in us history — as cold, calculated and premeditated. they are seeking the death penalty.
miami herald crime reporter david 0valle explained the process involved to get to a potential death penalty in the state of florida. the likelihood that nikolas was ever going to be acquitted or found not guilty by reason of insanity was pretty much non—existent, so, really, him pleading guilty todayjust buys him a little bit of an edge so that when he is at the penalty phase of the trial, the sentencing phase, his lawyers can argue, you know, that he had remorse coming at contrition, you know,, he had contrition, you know, love, he went ahead and pleaded guilty and accepted responsibility for this act. but, yes, absolutely, the thrust of the penalty phase next year will be his story, right? all the mitigating factors, he was born to a crack cocaine addicted mother, he was adopted, he had all these mental health issues and all this tumultuous life and upbringing as a youth,
so that will be laid out for thejurors in hopes that at least one, that's all you need isjust one, to stand fast and go for a life, and if it's not unanimous, then he will get life in prison, and if not, if they agree unanimously, you know, 12—0, he will be sentenced to death. the son of shah rukh khan, one of bollywood's biggest stars, is appealing to the high courts after his plea for bail was rejected for a second time. the 23—year—old aryan khan was arrested earlier this month by the narcotics control bureau earlier this month for allegedly doing recreational drugs on a rave cruise ship off the coast of mumbai. he's been charged under laws "related to possession, consumption and sale of illegal substances" — which he denies. for now, he remains injudicialjail. on wednesday, we had a report on the volcano that's been erupting on the island of la palma, in the canary islands.
at the end of that piece we heard about an ongoing mission to feed three dogs who had been stranded by the lava, using drones. well, a rescue mission was planned, but now the canines are nowhere to be seen. danjohnson has been following the story, and has the latest. all life has been caught in this eruption and these three got left behind, trapped by lava. they have been fed by a drone and are now looking to the skies for rescue. and here it is — the flying retriever, a snare from the air coming to lower the pups in and lift them up, up and away. very, very, very good. we are positive. we are motivated and we are going to try, we're going try, 0k? this sort of rescue mission can only be considered because of the fact human life has been so successfully
protected here so far, but that doesn't mean that this eruption is without any risk. so, scientific teams are busy monitoring every aspect of the volcano, its lava and its gases, the silent, unseen, airborne threat. anna is here from manchester. i am starting my second year of my phd, so i never imagined i would be able to come here and see a live volcano. so, it's incredible experience for me. really bad for people, of course. i'm really sad about all the loss, but for me, an amazing experience. pulling off this daring dog rescue is not easy and the canine airlift is currently on pause because they can't actually find them. i think we can do it, we can do it, ok? but like so many people here, this team is dedicated and determined. danjohnson, bbc news, la palma.
that's all for now — stay with bbc world news. hello. thursday is going to feel chilly — especially when we contrast it with the temperatures we had at the start of the week, when we were getting daytime highs in the high teens, even the low—20s. and it will feel all the more cold because we'll pick up a keen northerly wind. the cold air plunging in behind this weather front, sinking south overnight. ahead of it, some heavy rain which pull off into the continent. and then, through thursday daytime, we open the floodgates for cold air to sweep all the way south through the uk. we'll start the day with some cloud and rain to the south, the weather front pulling away, making way for lots of sunshine come the afternoon — but there will be some showers to the northwest, and they will be wintry across the hills and mountains of scotland. the wind a notable feature, gales possible down the north sea coast.
these are the temperatures that you'd see on the thermometer — but, factor in the wind, those temperatures along the north sea coast will feel more like 4—5 celsius. we continue with showers streaming into the north and west as we move overnight thursday and into friday. quite a chilly night, as well — in sheltered eastern spots, there could be a patchy frost with sitting in quite cold air, but the strength of the wind will protect many from actually seeing bits of frost. through thursday daytime — sorry, friday daytime, though, the winds will start to ease back a little as a ridge of high pressure builds in from the atlantic. still some showersjust managing to sneak into the top of that ridge, a bit of cloud under it, as well — perhaps not the faultless blue skies of thursday, but it should just feel a little bit milder because the wind won't be quite as cutting. but, for things to really become milder, we need to get to the weekend, and it's all about the change in wind direction. as we say goodbye to this ridge of high pressure, it pushes away to the east
and we start to pick up a south—westerly. for saturday, i think, actually, a lot of fine weather across the uk. there'll be some cloud closing in to the west, and we will see some rain for northern ireland by the end of the day. but the temperatures lifting up, we should hit the mid—teens, but it will feel so much warmer because we're moving back into a more atlantic airstream. sunday, greater chance of some showers just about anywhere across the uk — sheltered eastern areas favoured for the driest and brightest weather. temperatures possibly up to 15—16 to the south.