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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 1, 2021 2:00am-2:30am GMT

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hello, welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: the us climate possum opens in glasgow with borisjohnson morning pledges boris johnson morning pledges made borisjohnson morning pledges made so far by world leaders are inadequate. there are no compelling excuses for our procrastination. not only have we acknowledge the problem already seeing firsthand the devastation climate change causes. earlier, leaders of the world's richest nations meeting in rome fell short of setting specific targets for reducing carbon emissions to net zero. australia opens its international borders as flights resume from sydney and melbourne. two. and it's alive with day of
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the dead _ two. and it's alive with day of the dead parades, _ the dead parades, commemorations return to mexico after a year off due to the pandemic. —— cheering and applause. hello, thanks for joining hello, thanks forjoining us. it's the last best chance, one minute to midnight, the last chance saloon, the descriptions surrounding this long—awaited climate summit cop26 are certainly dramatic and world leaders, scientists and advisers are gathering in glasgow for 12 days of negotiations with the aim of a global reduction in carbon emissions to avoid a climate catastrophe. they do so as the world meteorological organisation has published its annual global climate report. it states the past seven years have been the hottest on record. rebecca morelle has more details.
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a gloomy start to proceedings in glasgow, but there are high hopes for a sunnier outcome. in a socially distanced conference centre, a reminder we're still in a time of covid, as alok sharma formally takes the reins for what some say is the last chance to save the planet. floods, cyclones, wildfires, record temperatures — we know that our shared planet is changing for the worse. and we can only address that together through this international system. the world meteorological organization warned today that these extremes are the new normal. but it's developing countries who are suffering the most, and they say the onus should be on richer nations. malawi, like many countries that are developing, have been at the receiving end of climate change issues, pretty much brought by those developed nations who continue to emit so much carbon.
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central to these talks is a vital number — 1.5 degrees. if temperatures go above this, we move into dangerous territory. the world, though, is already 1.1 degrees above preindustrial levels, and we are seeing the impacts of that right now. but even if every country does what it's promising, we're on course for 2.7 degrees by the end of the century. activists are demanding more action now, led by greta thunberg — mobbed as she arrived in glasgow — but she says there's still hope. if we can't keep the global average temperature rise to below1.5, then we do 1.6, then 1.7 and so on. we can always prevent things from getting worse. it's never too late to do as much as we can. as the meeting gets under way, protesters say the time to tackle climate change is now. but after nearly three decades of talks, there are questions over how much can be achieved. with world leaders soon
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to arrive, all eyes will be on whether cop26 will succeed. rebecca morelle, bbc news, glasgow. as the flavour of the challenge there but already we have had a taste of the problems as well because as the world's richest nations, the g20, have been gathering in rome and the leaders there were accused of failing to make the commitment needed. the british prime minister borisjohnson admitted minister boris johnson admitted the minister borisjohnson admitted the pledges there were too vague and not enough. the un secretary general said the time for diplomatic niceties was over. he called the glasgow summit "the last hope". laura kuenssberg reports on events in rome. a roman sunday stroll. a stylish canine seems the perfect accessory among the ancient alleys. what conflicts, what epic political struggles have these streets seen? history round every corner.
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then spot 15 of the most powerful leaders in the world taking in the sights. a coin in the famous fountain to guarantee a wish, but it might take more than tradition to stop the uk and france pulling away. applause. others watch on as the two allies are stuck in a spat over fishing rights in channel waters. even borisjohnson wanted italy to inspire progress ahead of the cop climate meeting getting under way at home. there are no compelling excuses for our procrastination. not only have we acknowledged the problem, we're already seeing first—hand the devastation climate change causes. the science is clear — that we need to act now. what chance do you really think you really have of making progress with 200 countries in glasgow when you haven't made enough progress with 20 countries here, and you don't seem able to sort out the question of a few dozen fishing permits with one of your closest allies, with the french? i think that the chances of progress in glasgow
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are exactly as i've said, laura. i think they depend on the will, the courage, the leadership of everybody in the room. on fish, i've got to tell you the position is unchanged. i must say, i was puzzled to read a letter from the french prime minister explicitly asking for britain to be punished for leaving the eu. number 10 says it's all up to france to fix and withdraw their threats, but president macron claims it's down to the uk to grant more permits. speaks french. boris johnson loves france, he said, —— "borisjohnson loves france," he said, "but if the uk continues to act like this, there "will be retaliation." the irritation on both sides of the channel shows no sign of fading and for borisjohnson, a rumbling row with an important ally like france is not exactly helpfuljust when he's trying to achieve a far wider, grander aim — persuading all of his counterparts from right around the world that slowing down the changes to the climate
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is a non—negotiable whose time has come. it's not easy, though. some countries don't want to move as fast. the russians questioning the uk ambition for countries to absorb as much carbon as they emit by 2050. why do you believe 2050 is some magic figure? i want an answer because you're asking the question, being convinced that 2050 is non—negotiable. but the prime minister has regal backing, and for the heir to the throne, it's been a moment long in the making. now, after i suppose very nearly 50 years of trying to raise awareness of the growing climate and environmental crisis, i'm at last sensing a change in attitudes. listen, when cop26 begins in glasgow tomorrow, quite literally, it is
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the last chance saloon. woman speaks italian. as the diplomatic caravan moves from rome's streets to scottish streets, borisjohnson still has a lot of arm twisting to do. italian reporter: do you like roma? - borisjohnson: love rome, love rome. hope may spring eternal, reality does not. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, rome. we can speak now to the renowned global climate scientist doctor peter glick who is also the founder and president emeritus of the pacific institute. thank you indeed for your time. prince charles was saying he detects a slight change in attitude now but it was six years ago, i remember the phrase last chance saloon being used around the paris cop. do you feel that things are different this time? i certainly hope that they are different. six years ago we had this conversation and 20 years ago we had this conversation, this is not the last chance but every year that we continue to delay in addressing these
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challenges and reducing emissions is another year lost. i think there's hope that the politics this year will permit advancing the agenda of reducing emissions and bringing the world community together but, as you noted at the beginning, this is cop26 and there has been a lot of these in the past. it there has been a lot of these in the past-— there has been a lot of these in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask — in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask you _ in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask you this _ in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask you this - - in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask you this - what. in the past. it 26, exactly! so let me ask you this - what do let me ask you this — what do you think of the most important areas where the world's leaders do need to come together and agree? do need to come together and auree? ., agree? look, there are three real objectives, _ agree? look, there are three real objectives, i— agree? look, there are three real objectives, i think, - agree? look, there are three real objectives, i think, this i real objectives, ithink, this conference of the parties meeting. the first is we real ——we need real commitments to cut carbon emissions to zero. before 2050, actually longer for 2050, before 2050, actually longer for2050, if before 2050, actually longer for 2050, if we can do that. we never commitments by leading industrialised nations and we need binding rules on how countries are going to meet those commitments, so that's first. ,, ,, �* those commitments, so that's first. ,, ,, ~ ., first. crosstalk. let me hold ou on first. crosstalk. let me hold you on first — first. crosstalk. let me hold you on first because _
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first. crosstalk. let me hold you on first because china - first. crosstalk. let me hold you on first because china is i you on first because china is talking about 2060 and russia talks about 2060 and i think the saudis do as well so we're not there. the saudis do as well so we're not there-— the saudis do as well so we're not there. ., �* ., not there. no, we're not there, and every _ not there. no, we're not there, and every year _ not there. no, we're not there, and every year we _ not there. no, we're not there, and every year we put - not there. no, we're not there, and every year we put off- and every year we put off meeting these targets, that's another year where climate emissions held up in the atmosphere and climate change gets worse and worse. this is about continually worsening problems and the faster we deal with the problem now, the less severely impacts in the long run — that's the timing issue. sorry, and you had two other key areas you felt had to be addressed? 50 key areas you felt had to be addressed?— key areas you felt had to be addressed? , . ., ., key areas you felt had to be addressed? , _, ., , addressed? so the second one is as prime minister— addressed? so the second one is as prime ministerjohnson - as prime ministerjohnson mentioned, we made commitments a number of years ago to provide $100 billion a year to developing countries to help them reduce emissions and to adapt to those climate changes we can no longer avoid and those commitments of money have never been provided. the industrialised nations need to step up and be the hundred billion dollar commitment. and the third is, this is the first
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year, really, that water and climate change have been a key part of the agenda. there is a new water pavilion in glasgow to address the consequences of climate change for water resources and the role that water plays in emissions for climate so those are the three things that i hope we will achieve this time around. fine achieve this time around. one ofthe achieve this time around. one of the areas — achieve this time around. one of the areas that _ achieve this time around. one of the areas that some - achieve this time around. one of the areas that some people would talk to is to say look at renewables now, whether it is solar or wind, renewables now, whether it is solar orwind, it's renewables now, whether it is solar or wind, it's cheaper than coal. so it's sort of doing thejob than coal. so it's sort of doing the job itself, than coal. so it's sort of doing thejob itself, the number of electric vehicles being produced and bought, i mean, there is a momentum there and there will soon be a tipping point. would you go along with that? absolutely. locke, along with that? absolutely. locke. the — along with that? absolutely. locke, the progress - along with that? absolutely. locke, the progress we've . along with that? absolutely. - locke, the progress we've made in renewables and electric vehicles in the last ten years or even the last couple of years is remarkable. it's great. nobody intelligent is going to argue to build a coal plant now because it is more expensive than renewables, than wind and solar, but we need to do these things much faster, we need to accelerate the investment and get rid of the
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subsidies that are still out there for fossil fuels. we subsidies that are still out there forfossilfuels. we need to speed up the process. we've made progress at reducing emissions but that progress is not fast enough to avoid the worst consequences of a climate change that we are already seeing, the impacts on extreme events that will have described in the run—up to this story are already obvious to everyone who is paying attention.— is paying attention. clearly, a ve bi is paying attention. clearly, a very big 12 — is paying attention. clearly, a very big 12 days _ is paying attention. clearly, a very big 12 days ahead. - is paying attention. clearly, a| very big 12 days ahead. doctor gleick, thank you indeed. thank ou. 17 people have been taken to hospital after two trains collided in the south of england. the crash happened after one of the trains hit an object in a tunnel, this was near the city of salisbury, causing part of it to come off the tracks. officials have declared a major incident. andy cole is dorset temples�*s assistant chief fire officer. firefighters have carried out a thorough search of the train carriages and have assisted with the evacuation of approximately 100 people. we do not believe there are any
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federal casualties on both the train and we can confirm there are no fatalities. we will shortly be scaling down our response, howeverwe shortly be scaling down our response, however we will have resources on scene for the next few hours. you are watching _ next few hours. you are watching bbc— next few hours. you are watching bbc news. - next few hours. you are l watching bbc news. stay next few hours. you are - watching bbc news. stay with us, coming up: as cop26 gets under way, a special report for you from bangladesh, showing the impact of rising sea levels on coastal communities. the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on an historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear — the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages, there was no sign. - they are being held somewhere inside the compound. _ and student leaders have
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threatened that, should i the americans attempt. rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager one is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we prove once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. you are watching bbc news with me, david eades. our main headlines this allegation at the un climate summit opens in glasgow with a warning that the pledges made so far by world leaders are inadequate. earlier, leaders of the world's richest nations meeting in rome fell short of setting specific net zero targets.
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the effects of climate change are certainly clear already for some nations more than others of course but bangladesh is among the most vulnerable. our science editor david shukman looks at one village there and what it means. in a village on the coast of bangladesh, people are using mud to try to hold back the sea. it's all they've got. the rising level of the ocean means they're getting flooded more often. and we saw the same villagers struggling in the same way, back in 2009. the people who've done least to cause climate change suffering the most from it. if the forecasts of climate scientists are right and the sea rises even more, maybe by a metre by the end of the century, well, how on earth are these millions of people going to cope? with life so precarious,
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this community has long been desperate for international help. that's why shorbanu khatun wanted to share her story at the climate summit in copenhagen 12 years ago. she told me she was pleased to be there and believed that world leaders would do something. they didn't. and now shorbanu's life is tougher than ever. extreme weather is striking more often, and there's still very little assistance. translation: we have no idea what we can do. - if people can help us, then something can change. we don't have the money to move to other places. i have nothing that i can give to my children. along some stretches of coast, there are now rows of sandbags to try to keep the sea at bay. and a new school provides shelter during cyclones. but, fresh water is harder to find.
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most supplies are contaminated by the rising sea. more than a decade ago, developing countries were given a promise that by now they'd be getting $100 billion a year in climate aid. well, here we are at the glasgow summit, and that promise still hasn't been fulfilled. the 100 billion wasjust a promise that has not been kept, and its importance is that leaders who made the promise are not keeping their promise and therefore these leaders have no credibility. back in bangladesh, shorbanu says she doesn't want her children and grandchildren to suffer more than she has. but they're facing a hotter and more hostile climate, so there's real pressure for the talks in glasgow to get somewhere. david shukman, bbc news. according to an investigation by the washington post, the fbi and other key law enforcement agencies failed to act in a whole range of tips ahead of the january six storming of the
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us capitol. the paper says the fbi had been warned in december that donald trump supporters were discussing on line how to sneak guns into the capitol and arrest members of congress. i joined now by dublin barrett, one of the washing post reporters worked on that investigation. thank you very much forjoining us. i don't want to steal your thunder here but you have this vast number ofjournalists vast number of journalists looking into vast number ofjournalists looking into this and there were alerts from local officials, fbi informants, social media companies, former national security officials, researchers, elected politicians. how on earth did this get by?— politicians. how on earth did this get by? well, two things ha en. this get by? well, two things happen- the _ this get by? well, two things happen. the fbi _ this get by? well, two things happen. the fbi got - this get by? well, two things happen. the fbi got a - this get by? well, two things happen. the fbi got a lot - this get by? well, two things happen. the fbi got a lot ofl happen. the fbi got a lot of tips about this. and that's part of what our reporting shows, as early as december 20, there were very specific warnings the fbi is recording but even after they get that warning, they close the case within 2a hours and what our reporting showed is the two things are happening inside the fbi that make them not believe
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in this threat. one is that they decide a lot of this is aspirational talk, they don't really mean it, don't have concrete plans to do anything. and the other is that the capitol police aren't prepared in a security sense to defend their building in a meaningful way against an angry crowd. in that case this rages —— raises the question, it could be naivete or incompetence or complacency, or conspiracy. where do you come down on that? what a number of official said to us in different ways was that they had a failure of belief, they do not believe ultimately that a bunch of middle—aged white, largely law—abiding people would suddenly come together and beat cops, attack cops and strike cops, attack cops and strike cops and theyjust failed to comprehend the scale of the desperation in that crowd and amongst those trump supporters.
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and it was quite unbelievable in terms of what emerged. we can talk about lessons learned, i don't know if it's too early for that in away but do you get a feeling, a sense from the reporting you've done, and you've been reporting on the fbi for a long time i know, that lessons are being learned? i do, and there are a couple of key points, anytime you have concerns around a big event, it's important for public officials to lay down markers about what and isn't acceptable. leading up to january six, public officials were quite quiet because they were quite quiet because they were trying to avoid a con station and two, that day, people weren't really making arrests of individuals, even after they hit instruct officers. that's very rare in an american protest and i think over time, the crowd took from that the lesson that they could do whatever they wanted. and you believes that would not happen again? i don't believe that would happen again. i
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think these have been very painful lessons, january six will be with us for a long time and i don't think lawn or sport would behave that way again stop thank you very much indeed. , �* ., ., indeed. devlin barrett of the washington _ indeed. devlin barrett of the washington post. _ now after imposing some of the strictest border controls in the world, australia is opening up the world, australia is opening up to international travel. fully vaccinated citizens will no longer lead permission to leave stop our correspondent shaima khalil is at sydney airport. a very emotional day here at sydney airport, i'm here at one of the arrival gates and we're just at families now arriving. this is one of the flights, people are just making their way back. welcome back! how do you feel? pretty good, good to be home. some have said that after waiting for such a long time, it doesn't seem to feel real. people have arrived here to embraces, to cheers and of course,
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tearful reunions. fully vaccinated australians and australian residents have now been able to come home from overseas, quarantine free for the first time in nearly two years. one of the lucky ones who actually got permission to go, but because with my mother died over a year and half ago, it was taking that long to get out of the country to sort out her affairs. very emotional at the moment, it's good to be home and it's been very tough not to be able to get a plane whenever you want to see your family. if something happens to them, you can't easily make it home or if something was to happen to me, i'd have no—one over there in the uk to support me just relief, so much relief. i have a small- 10—year—old son, and the thought of having - to quarantine, the three of us in a hotel for two - weeks, is a nightmare. we were willing to do it, but it'sjust amazing. - many have been overcome with emotion while some have stopped to talk to us telling us how happy they were.
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many were actually lost for words. i was speaking to a woman and i looked at her and said, "how does it feel to be finally back home after all these months," and she just looked at me "there are no words." this has been a huge day here at sydney airport, another very big day in melbourne because new south wales and victoria have been the two states, and the act, the three states to open up. it's still going to be a longer wait for millions of others as other states and territories have yet to open. it will be a longer wait for people but here, people are still quite happy that they are able to come home, able to travel overseas and not have to worry about quarantine. shaimaa khalil there. shaimaa khalilthere. now sunday— shaimaa khalilthere. now sunday marks _ shaimaa khalilthere. now sunday marks the - shaimaa khalilthere. now. sunday marks the beginning shaimaa khalilthere. now- sunday marks the beginning of a two day— sunday marks the beginning of a two day holiday— sunday marks the beginning of a two day holiday observed - sunday marks the beginning of a two day holiday observed in - two day holiday observed in catholic— two day holiday observed in catholic communities - two day holiday observed inl catholic communities around two day holiday observed in - catholic communities around the world, _ catholic communities around the world, it's — catholic communities around the world, it's called _ catholic communities around the world, it's called the _ catholic communities around the world, it's called the day - catholic communities around the world, it's called the day of - world, it's called the day of the dead. _ world, it's called the day of the dead, celebration- world, it's called the day of the dead, celebration of. world, it's called the day of| the dead, celebration of the lives — the dead, celebration of the lives of— the dead, celebration of the lives of the _ the dead, celebration of the lives of the departed. - the dead, celebration of the lives of the departed.- the dead, celebration of the lives of the departed. well, in mexico city. _ lives of the departed. well, in mexico city, where _ lives of the departed. well, in mexico city, where the - lives of the departed. well, in mexico city, where the roots i lives of the departed. well, in | mexico city, where the roots of the tradition run deep, elaborate altars have gone up
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around town as suzanne kanipour reports. dia de los muertos, the day of the dead, a mexican tradition marked by celebrating departed loved ones with joy. the pandemic has brought a heightened sense to this holiday. if you put it in the context of covid and all of the deaths that have happened, it means even more because it gives people even more comfort. i really like it, i feel it is very colourful because you are commemorating death but at the same time you are celebrating life. it's believed in catholic communities around the world that, for the first two days of november, the souls of the dead return to the land of the living and reunite with family. the celebration is marked by food, drink, offerings, altars, and marigolds. the aztecs believed the ancestors follow the scent to find their way back.
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# what colour is the sky, mi amor, mi amor? the traditions were even brought to the big screen in recent years, in the animated film coco. not bad for a dead guy! not so bad yourself! this year, 16 altars have gone up in the centre of mexico city — a welcome scene of levity in the capital of a country that's lost nearly 300,000 people to covid—19. translation: after all that we've lived through and the people who have passed away, we now see a boom after being locked up. these exhibits of mexican culture bring joy to the city. in a world where masks are now the new norm, in mexico city, they're much more pretty. suzanne kianpour, bbc news. great colourful pictures there. talking of which, let me show this live shop from glasgow, this live shop from glasgow, this is cop26 whether leaders
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are going to spend the next 12 days trying to come to a clear commitment to improving the state of our climate. over the next 12 days, we will be covering for you on bbc news. morning. a change of month brings with it a change of the weather. we'll start the week with sunny spells and scattered showers. by the middle part of the week, it gets noticeably quieter, cooler for all of us, and some frost and fog overnight, so plenty to pack in there. so on that monday morning, then, it looks somewhat like this — with low pressure easing away, and as we go through the week, high pressure will build in which will quieten things down. but ahead of it, we can trace those isobars all the way back to the north — and that means a colder wind direction, with that northerly wind and driving the blue tones, the cooler air, a little bit further south, you really will notice the difference with the feel of the weather if you are out further south, you really will notice the difference with the feel of the weather if you are out and about this week. so sunny spells and blustery
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showers from the word go, most of the showers to the north but some will push further south as we go into the afternoon, and it looks as if those temperatures will peak between 9—11! celsius. now the showers will tend to fade away as we move through the night, and we will have some clear skies, perhaps a few frequent showers continuing into the far north of scotland. but where skies clear away, temperatures will fall away and we could see low single figures to greet us first thing on tuesday morning, and that gives us the potential for some frost to form, and maybe some patchy fog. so first thing on tuesday morning, it'll be a bit of a chilly start, lots of sunshine, some showers around, most frequent ones along the exposed north coasts of scotland and northern ireland, and some running down through the irish sea. temperatures are likely to struggle, though — top temperatures of 11—12 celsius. now, as we move out of tuesday into wednesday, still the risk of some showers, but as the high desperately tries to squeeze in along the west, but again, we are likely to see sunny spells and scattered showers as we go through the day on wednesday. it will be quite a cool feel to the day with those temperatures really struggling — in some areas not getting into double figures by the middle part of the afternoon, so a top temperature of 7—11 celsius.
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out of wednesday into thursday, the high pressure finally builds in, the winds will ease, we will see a good deal of quiet weather — that will kill off the showers, so that means on thursday, there is a greater chance of seeing more in the way of sunshine, but as you can see those temperatures are still set to struggle even for this time of year. out of wednesday into thursday, the high pressure finally builds in, the winds will ease, we will see a good deal of quiet weather — that will kill off the showers, so that means on thursday, there is a greater chance of seeing more in the way of sunshine, but as you can see those temperatures are still set to struggle even for this time of year.
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you are watching bbc news. these are the headlines. the cop26 climate sub it has opened in glasgow as the un published a scientific report saying the planet is entering uncharted territory because of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. earlier, leaders of the world's richest nations in rome fell short of meeting specific targets for reducing carbon emissions to net zero. the british prime minister borisjohnson warned that the pledges made for heads of state at the event were inadequate. australia has allowed the resumption of international air travel without the need for quarantine. it is the first time in more than 18 months. airports in sydney and melbourne are allowing fully vaccinated passengers to fly again after some of the world's strictest border controls were ended.

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