welcome to newsday, on pbs and around the globe, reporting live from singapore. i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines: as world leaders come together in glasgow for the make—or—break climate summit, queen elizabeth calls for a unified effort to reverse rising temperatures. none of us underestimate the challenges ahead, but history has shown that when nations come together in common cause there is always room for hope. the prime minister of india, the world's third biggest greenhouse gas emitter, has used the conference platform for a new announcement.
an agreement to reverse deforestation by 2030 is announced in glasgow, with leaders describing it as the biggest step forward in a generation. the us supreme court hears arguments in the controversial texas abortion case, with at least one legal challenge likely to be allowed to move forward. and how australian scientists have managed to produce crawling frogs that are able to adapt to climate change. live from our studio in singapore, this is bbc news. it's newsday. hello and welcome to the programme. president biden has told the united nations climate summit in glasgow that the fight against global warming offers extraordinary economic opportunities. he said creating technologies to reduce carbon emissions would create millions ofjobs worldwide. mr biden apologised for the actions of his predecessor, donald trump, who pulled
the united states out of the paris climate accords. meanwhile, india's prime minister, narendra modi, has told the conference that his country aims to become carbon neutral by the year 2070. it's the first time india, one of the world's biggest emitters of greenhouse gases, has announced a net—zero target. our first report on events in glasgow is by our political editor laura kuenssberg. a red london bus. electric, of course. with the sound of scottish pipes. the royals on the steps. the prime minister, the host. a full on uk display. the leaders of the world, the guests here to be addressed by the 95—year—old monarch, even if not in person. she's seen plenty of their type before. it has sometimes been observed that
what leaders do for their people today is government and politics, but what they do for the people of tomorrow, that is statesmanship. i, for one, hope that this conference will be one of those rare occasions where everyone will have a chance to rise above the politics of the moment and achieve true statesmanship. it is the hope of many, the legacy of this summit, written in history books yet to be printed, will describe you as the leaders who did not pass up the opportunity. we, none of us, will live forever. but we are doing this not for ourselves but for our children and our children's children, and those who will follow in their footsteps. but there's the glittering
reception in a glasgow landmark, then the other conference. thousands have made the trip from their own countries. their hope that this morning's queues and their shivering arrival will be worth it. the first serious moment at this vital conference, borisjohnson's big moment on the world stage. humanity has long since run down the clock on climate change, it is one minute to midnight on that doomsday clock and we need to act now. the leaders of some of the biggest polluters, china, russia, and turkey, haven't shown, keeping much more than a social distance. the anger and the impatience of the world will be uncontainable unless we make this cop26 in glasgow the moment when we get real about climate change. they will not forgive us. they will know that glasgow was the historic turning point when history failed to turn.
the platform also for those people whose way of life is at grave risk right now... the earth is speaking. she tells us that we have no more time. the uk is the host to a rainbow of nearly 200 countries and wants them all to promise to cut their own carbon emissions and the wealthier to cough up more towards the $100 billion pot to help poorer countries go green. there is a real sense of purpose here, but it will be a long fortnight as president biden and the other leaders must be all too aware. and not all of them are as enthusiastic as the west with wealthier populations. whether brazil... ..with some new promises today... ..or a slower approach from the indian prime minister, who says his mega—economy will balance carbon emissions with absorbing greenhouse
gases by 2070. 2070... 20 years later than borisjohnson wants. but the mood in glasgow is perhaps darkening towards those who are dragging their feet. in two generations�* time they will be remembered for this fortnight. they could have been brilliant in everything else they have done and they will be cursed if they don't get this right. that is interesting, you use the phrase "cursed." for somebody in your position of authority it's a very strong word. it was consciously a strong word. people will speak of them in far stronger terms than we speak today of the politicians of the �*30s, of the politicians who ignored what was happening in nazi germany, because this will kill people all around the world for generations and we will have no means of averting it.
he later apologised for making the comparison to the nazi genocide. number 10 stepped around commenting on the nature of those claims, but said there's no doubt about the seriousness of the climate challenge. it's only day one of a discussion that's already taken more than two decades, but the consequences of glasgow's conversation will be felt far longer than that. laura kuenssberg there for us in glasgow. the tone and ambition for leaders at cop26 will certainly be set in the next 48 hours. 0ur science editor david shukman looks at what the negotiators need to achieve in the days ahead. the world is heating up and despite all the talk about climate change we are still heading for catastrophic temperatures, so this is a chance to pick a safer course. but these giant conferences, bringing together thousands of people, over the past 25 years have always been challenging.
this is the 10th that i've been to. it's amazing that despite the pandemic, so many people have managed to get here. the rule is to be masked up whenever you are moving around. the main focus for all the delegates who are here actually happens in giant meeting halls through there, that is where they have got to tackle the toughest question. what matters most is emissions of the gas is heating the planet. they are heading in the wrong direction. projected to rise by i6% by 2030, just as the science couldn't be clearer that they need to fall by 45% over that time. the fear is this is rebounding on us. it is time to say enough. enough of brutalising biodiversity, enough of killing ourselves with carbon, enough of treating nature like a toilet, enough of burning and drilling and mining our way deeper.
we are digging our own graves. powerful words but with nearly 200 countries represented here, there are so many different agendas, that is why progress is usually slow. if you are sitting down, you can take your mask off and it is often in places like this that small, informal groups of negotiators will get together to try to crank the hardest questions like getting aid to the poorest nations who are hit hardest by climate change. i've seen for myself how droughts and other extremes of weather can devastate the nations least able to cope. there was a promise of assistance more than a decade ago but it still hasn't been fulfilled. the faith in the international process, it becomes a little weaker, there is a lot of distrust, there is a lot of unhappiness because we keep saying everybody has to do this together but some have more
responsibility than others. and while the talks are under way, the countries show off what they are doing for climate change and the hope is to encourage practical steps. like phasing out coal, the dirtiest of the fossil fuels, and pushing the spread of cleaner, electric vehicles. and that is the message from sir david attenborough, that humans can be the greatest problem solvers. in my lifetime, i have witnessed a terrible decline. in yours, you could and should witness a wonderful recovery. that desperate hope, ladies and gentlemen, is why the world is looking to you and why you are here. thank you. applause a call to action well received but what matters now
is how the governments of the world actually respond. david shukman, bbc news, in glasgow. such crucial decisions that are taking place at cop26 over the next week and a half. and the bbc will be across all the latest headlines for you. do stay with us en that story across the channel and on our website. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. a luxury apartment block under construction in nigeria's commercial capital, lagos, has collapsed. rescue workers are using heavy lifting equipment and life detection kits to search through heaps of rubble and twisted metal for survivors. a member of nigeria's national emergency management agency said four people had been rescued so far and four bodies recovered. covid—i9 has killed more than five million people since the world health organisation reported the outbreak of the disease in late december 2019, according to a new tally.
the number takes into account deaths recorded by national health authorities, and represents only a fraction of the actual coronavirus—related deaths, which could be two to three times higher than the official figure. the authorities in costa rica say they've seized a shipment of more than two and a half tonnes of cocaine. nearly 2,600 packages of the drug were found in a container in the coastal city of limon. they were all hidden inside backpacks. local officials believe the consignment was going to be sent to europe. it's thought to have travelled through colombia before reaching costa rica. the french president, emmanuel macron, has postponed plans to implement sanctions on the uk from tuesday, as part of the row over post—brexit fishing rights row. he said the two sides would continue talking this week. earlier, the foreign secretary, liz truss, said the uk wouldn't "roll over" after paris had threatened to block access to its ports for british boats.
the chief executive of barclays bank, jes staley, has stepped down following an investigation into his links with the convicted sex offender and billionaire financier jeffrey epstein. barclays, one of the world's biggest banks, said it had received preliminary findings, which mr staley would contest. epstein died in his jail cell in august 2019. the united states supreme court has been hearing arguments about a law in the state of texas that has virtually ended abortion after six weeks of pregnancy. justices heard two challenges to the law, which bans abortion after six weeks of pregnancy and allows citizens to sue anyone involved in the process. abortion rights groups have argued that the architects of the texas law wrote it this way to deliberately avoid federal oversight. abortion providers are among those mounting a challenge to the law. marc hearron is a lawyer from the center for reproductive rights, and is representing abortion providers in texas at the supreme court. he told me more about how
the challenge is going. well, we are heartened to see that some of the justices seem to really understand our arguments and we wish that this law had blocked two months ago and when the united states filed suit against the state of texas and then came to the supreme court for review, that we wished it would have blocked that law ten days ago. but we are encouraged today, and the supreme court scheduled oral arguments and everything in a matter of days, extremely fast, which is the fastest that they have done anything since bush versus gore in terms of actually having briefing arguments. so they clearly understanding the urgency here. patients on the ground have been denied access to abortion for 62 days now and are having
to leave the state of texas if they�* re to leave the state of texas if they're going to see her and travel to other states to try to get appointments. we were heartened by several of the questions, several of the justices were asking today and they seem to recognise that this case is notjust about abortion, it is about where they stayed in the united states can really nullify a federal constitutional right. 0n federal constitutional right. on that, given what apparently, as you have described, appears to be a relatively positive outcome from today's proceedings, are you confident that the law can be blocked, that the law can be blocked, that your appeal will be successful?— that your appeal will be successful? ~ ., �* ., ., successful? we don't want to read too much _ successful? we don't want to read too much into _ successful? we don't want to read too much into the - successful? we don't want to read too much into the tea i read too much into the tea leaves, sometimes the justices' questions don't necessarily reveal how we will roll, so i don't want to predict any outcomes. but we do feel heartened by several of the questions today and, you know, we really asked the court to
restore the injunction, block the law as quickly as possible, to restore access for patients across the state. it is far too long that constitutional rights to abortion access have been really a dead letter across the state of texas now for two months, so we are hopeful that the court will rule quickly. what exactly is the situation in texas now, if you could describe that, just briefly, what are your clients seeking from this? 50 what are your clients seeking from this?— from this? so why represent independent _ from this? so why represent independent abortion - from this? so why represent i independent abortion providers as well as the plaintiffs in our case also include abortion funds and patient support networks, all of whom are targeted by this law, all of whom could be sued for a $10,000 or more bounties by vigilantes across the state of texas. this is ridiculous. this is the most extreme anti—abortion law we have ever seen. so the situation on the
ground is not good. independent abortion providers, if they don't have relief, they may be forced to close their doors soon. a . forced to close their doors soon, n, . ., ., soon. marc hearron there, la er soon. marc hearron there, lawyer for— soon. marc hearron there, lawyer for the _ soon. marc hearron there, lawyer for the centre - soon. marc hearron there, lawyer for the centre for l lawyer for the centre for reproductive rights are speaking to me earlier. if you want to get in touch with me i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma. i look forward to hearing from you. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: we'll tell you how this crawling frog is now able to adapt to the changing climate. the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day
for australia. as the results came in, it was clear — the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages, there was no sign — - they are being held somewhere inside the compound — - and student leaders have threatened that, should i the americans attempt. rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager one is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we prove once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. 0ur headlines: the glasgow climate summit has opened — with borisjohnson warning world leaders — that they would never be forgiven, if they failed to stop global
temperatures from soaring. the prime minister of india, the world's third biggest greenhouse gas emitter, says his country will aim for net zero carbon by 2070 — 20 years after many other nations. an agreement to reverse deforestation by 2030 has been announced by over 100 world leaders at the cop26 summit in glasgow. they describe it as the biggest step forward in a generation. representatives of over 85% of the world's forests will endorse the glasgow leaders' declaration on forest and land use, backed by over $19 billion in funding. and nowhere is the need to protect forests as stark as in the democratic republic of congo. from kinshasa, elodie toto reports. the power that could be. this is the inga dam on the congo river. at full potential, it would be part of the largest
hydroelectric power station in the world. but it doesn't even supply the majority of congolese. 50 years ago, a project to build a series of dams began. two were built. but in 1982, the project stalled. it is a frustration for many here. like most congolese, whenjosie prepares food she uses charcoal. translation: since we have no electricity, we use wood - or coal when we have it. and she is not the only one. in bombaka, access to electricity is almost zero. the national electricity company supplies fewer than a0 subscribers from its unreliable power plant. but there are almost 1 million people living in the city. to avoid being in the dark,
some use solar panels. but the average congolese person earns a less than $2 per day, so many families cannot afford solar panels. and so they turn to the forest. translation: | started - by chopping wood, then i put it here and i cover it. after that, we make a fire lasting seven days before we have a finished product. we know that doing this work is dangerous for the environment but if you don't do it, what are we going to live on? we have families to feed. more than 90% of the population uses wood as energy on a daily basis. an activity that has a significant impact on the rainforest, with how much carbon dioxide it can absorb and how much
oxygen it can provide. translation: everywhere here it is a big loss, - simply due to human activity. the forest plays an important role in the regulation of the atmosphere. because it is from the forest we get oxygen. when we cut down the forest, the cycle of purification of the atmosphere is broken and it is human beings that suffer. as world leaders gather for the climate summit in the uk, the congolese government will be hoping that message is heard. no doubt, so will its people. elodie toto, bbc news, kinshasa. we are all being affected by climate change — but there are fears many species around the world won't be able to adapt quick enough. well, in a world—first laboratory trial, a group of scientists in australia have mixed populations of frogs to produce tadpoles more adaptable to changing weather patterns.
the trial was carried out on the crawling frog — they rely on damp soil to rear eggs in south—western australia — a region experiencing lower and lower rainfalls every year. associate professor nicki mitchell from the university of western australia worked on the trial. she told me why her team of scientists had chosen this particular type of frog. frogs are one of the world's most threatened groups of animals and climate change is a problem for them if the water is going to become less available. so many parts of the world are drying and in australia where i am in the south—west we have seen drying climate already for 50 years and drying is predicted into the future. so what we have done with this study on the calling frogs that we know the species has naturally evolved in different rainfall areas, some have low, some have high
rainfall and we were worried that the high rainfall population will be stressed and potentially face extinction with forecast of less rain in the future. so looking at the natural variation in the tolerance of these populations tolerance of these populations to drying out and with crossed population from dry and from wet areas and tested whether or not their offspring, their tadpoles, do better when they develop in drier conditions. this species does not breed in water, it breeds on land so the eggs develop for about two months on soil and that is what the challenge for the species to adapt to is. with drier soil. . , . . to adapt to is. with drier soil. . ,. . , ' to adapt to is. with drier soil. . , ' ~ soil. fascinating stuff. when ou soil. fascinating stuff. when you think — soil. fascinating stuff. when you think about _ soil. fascinating stuff. when you think about it, _ soil. fascinating stuff. when you think about it, frogs - soil. fascinating stuff. when you think about it, frogs are | you think about it, frogs are just one of the species that have had to adapt to climate change and their living conditions over thousands of years. is climate change now happening too fast for species, other species to adapt to?
climate change is happening faster than we think it is ever occurred before in illusionary histories of course that is a challenge to many species, especially species that have low genetic variation which is now a consequence of them being small fragmented populations and also if they are a species with a long breeding time. you would normally think that frogs would normally think that frogs would be ok because they are rapid breeders but many populations that we know basically, they isolate in small populations and do not have much genetic diversity but the diversity that they might be able to be usefully using is out there another populations that they cannot mix with any more. so, yes, climate change will probably happen too quickly for those species living close to the tolerances already and that is the kind of research that we try to look at where that useful variation is and to try and bring it into the threatened populations.
professor nikki mitchell there from the university of western australia. that's all for now — stay with bbc world news. hello. after a warm and wet october of the stormy final weekend has a different flavour to our weather now that we are into november. low pressure is moving away, around and there are still showers but overall it is looking drier. now is a developing northerly breeze coming into the uk and it's chilly now, but it is turning colder still in the next couple of days. here is what is on the agenda for the rest of the week. we have established, as low pressure moves away, drier, the air around it turning colder. some sunny spells, yes, a chance of showers mainly coastal areas. 0vernight fog and frost, got both of those in some spots as tuesday begins. especially across parts of england where the cultist
especially across parts of england where the coldest areas here getting close to freezing at the day begins. showers from the word go in northern scotland, and some of these can be heavy maybe with hail and thunder. and some will push for south across scotland during the day and increasing chance of catching a shower in northern ireland. across parts of wales for the western side of england. much of central and eastern england will state largely dry, many places will see sunny spells and temperatures across the uk, 9—12 celsius. the wind continuing to ease. and with those light winds overnight and into wednesday that's a recipe for some mist and fog patches, especially across parts of england and wales. and again a recipe for seeing temperatures close to freezing, especially in the countryside for a touch of frost as wednesday starts. so on wednesday, then, again many places going to stay dry. you can see the showers around to begin with and mainly affecting coastal areas. a few running through northern ireland, some into northern scotland. this batch along the north sea coast mayjust push further inland across england during the day with that wind
direction. and a colderfeeling day on wednesday with more places topping out in just single figures for the top temperature. as we go from wednesday to thursday, a high—pressure trying to nudge in from the west and with that wind direction also killing off many of the showers across western parts of the uk. we will continue to see them especially along some north sea coast on thursday. a stronger northerly breeze commit more of the wind—chill around on thursday. and there is a change developing in northwest scotland, thicker clouds and some outbreaks of rain starting to move in. a weather system that will bring some rain to parts of scotland, and northern ireland going into saturday and then pushing a little bit further south as the weekend goes on. and that's your latest forecast for the week ahead.