this is bbc news. our top stories: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip — rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. the us blacklists an israeli company that makes spyware, after the party suffers a shock defeat in the state of virginia. people want us to get things done. they want us to get things
done, and that's why i'm continuing to push for very hard for the democratic party to move along and pass my infrastructure bill, and my build back better bill. one of england's top cricket clubs is at the centre of a race controversy, as former player azeem rafiq receives an apology over racist bullying. and the star of the docu—series �*tiger king' —joe exotic — reveals he's suffering from cancer, asking fans to demand his release from prison. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. carbon emissions across the world are expected to rebound this year to levels last seen before the coronavirus pandemic. researchers say that if present trends continue,
we could exceed that limit in 11 years unless ambitious goals to cut emissions are achieved. let's take a look at some of the numbers. emissions fell by 5.4% in 2020 due to covid—19 restrictions and lockdowns around the world. but they're estimated to rise 4.9% this year. that's 36.4 tons of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere — which puts emissions almost back at 2019 levels. dr zeke hausfather is a climate scientist and the director of climate and energy at breakthrough institute, a global research centre seeking technological solutions to environmental problems. hejoins me now from oakland, california. this prediction, scientists are saying — this prediction, scientists are saying that _ this prediction, scientists are saying that they— this prediction, scientists are saying that they are - this prediction, scientists arei saying that they are surprised by this — saying that they are surprised by this. why— saying that they are surprised by this. why are _ saying that they are surprised by this. why are you - saying that they are surprised . by this. why are you surprised? we thought— by this. why are you surprised? we thought that _ by this. why are you surprised? we thought that the _ by this. why are you surprised? we thought that the reduction i we thought that the reduction in emissions from covid—i9
would persist for longer than it has an part of this is due to the fact that the global economy has recovered faster and hopes that people have for and hopes that people have for a green recovery where we focus efforts on things like building more clean energy have not really panned out outside a few countries. so emissions rose much more rapidly than we thought and an not only now 20 —— there is a risk we may have a new peak in global emissions next year as economies continue to recover. next year as economies continue to recover-— to recover. and what is driving this? it to recover. and what is driving this? it is _ to recover. and what is driving this? it is not _ to recover. and what is driving this? it is notjust _ to recover. and what is driving this? it is notjust more - this? it is notjust more people going back to work and commuting and going on holiday, is it? ~ . ., , commuting and going on holiday, isit? �*. ., , is it? much of it is coming from china, _ is it? much of it is coming from china, to _ is it? much of it is coming from china, to be - is it? much of it is coming from china, to be honest. is it? much of it is coming - from china, to be honest. that is the largest driver of the global book —— global rebound in emissions and that is due to a large increase in coal use. globally both gas and coal use is above where it was before the pandemic. it is petrol use
thatis the pandemic. it is petrol use that is still below pre— pandemic levels. that is still below pre- pandemic levels.- that is still below pre- pandemic levels. and why is china suddenly _ pandemic levels. and why is china suddenly using - pandemic levels. and why is china suddenly using so - pandemic levels. and why is. china suddenly using so much more again?— more again? they have been t in: to more again? they have been trying to stimulate _ more again? they have been trying to stimulate their - trying to stimulate their economy and their heavy industry sector as a way of recovering from covid—i9 but also china was the only country in the world that did not see a reduction in emissions in 2020 and so they already began from and so they already began from a high baseline and increased it in 2021. a high baseline and increased it in 2021-— a high baseline and increased it in 2021. ~ ., it in 2021. are you encouraged b an it in 2021. are you encouraged by any of _ it in 2021. are you encouraged by any of the _ it in 2021. are you encouraged by any of the agreements - it in 2021. are you encouraged by any of the agreements thati by any of the agreements that have come out of the summit in glasgow? we are seeing countries about to shift away from coal they say in the last day. i know obviously that is not china the us or australia which are quite dependent on coal that is a step forward, isn't it? . , isn't it? there are definitely many steps _ isn't it? there are definitely many steps being _ isn't it? there are definitely many steps being made - isn't it? there are definitely many steps being made in l isn't it? there are definitely i many steps being made in the right direction and a lot of strong promises being made by countries for later in the century getting to net zero by 2050 or 2064 china, 2074 india. again, talk is cheap and it is easy for leaders to make
promises to do things 3040 or 50 years from now. the real question is what near—term agreements will we see and what increases in ambition will we see. there has been some progress but not as much as many of us would have hoped. those numbers are stark. estimated it global emissions need to drop by 1.24 billion tons each year to reach that net zero by 2050. it was 1.9 billion tons that it fell in 2020 during lockdown. so when countries are in lockdown and doing far less than normal they were doing what needs to happen every year, continuously. it is such a big ask, isn't it? it such a big ask, isn't it? it will be a real challenge. the one ray of hope here is that we have seen rapid progress in many clean energy technologies. solar prices have fallen by a factor of ten in the last decade, battery as well. 18% of new vehicles that distract
vehicle sales in china are ev. things are changing and they will change in the future but the challenge will be to get anywhere. there is also important to emphasise that we're trying to hit this if we do not edit we can still keep global warming below two degrees and that requires verbal emissions to net zero around 2070. so while everybody is trying to hit this ambitious target, every 10th of a degree matters and even if we do not manage to make reductions quite that dramatic we still try as hard as we can to get to net zero as soon as we can globally. zero as soon as we can globally-— zero as soon as we can globally. zero as soon as we can aloball . ., ~' ,, , . well at the cop summit in glasgow, banks and investors have been making pledges towards fighting climate change. $130 trillion has been set aside to finance the measures, but there's criticism that they don't go far enough, and fast enough to prevent the world reaching that tipping point of extreme climate change. here's our economics editor, faisal islam. extinction... rebellion!
outside the climate summit on glasgow's streets, some protesters distinctly unimpressed with the role of banks at the cop talks. inside, the world's finance ministers are promising to change the entire system in response to a ticking environmental clock. alarm clock rings. good morning, and welcome to cop26 finance day. the main result — the world's banks, pension funds and insurers promising to invest and lend in a way consistent with net—zero by 2050. that's £95 trillion of funds, or two fifths of the whole of globalfinance. so bankers and traders in suits are today's equivalents of the famous eco—warriors of three decades ago, says the summit�*s president. you, my friends, are the new swampys, so be proud. can it really be the case that the bankers and financiers
can save the world from climate change? that's the hope underlying these incredible numbers, that the lending decisions to businesses large and small will transform entire sectors, from energy to transport, from food to retail. and for politicians, this is a lot more palatable than telling consumers, voters, that their behaviour has to change. one british bank chief from the institution that funded north sea oil and gas told the bbc that tough conversations in these sectors where carbon emissions were difficult to limit were already happening. we are very clear that we are ending funding of harmful activity, and we will only work with people with a credible transition plan aligned with paris. the announcements made this morning will discourage finance going to new coal mines or oilfields, for example, but they won't absolutely prevent such flows. rich nations have also delayed long—promised funds for poorer countries to help with climate change. the international energy agency has come out and said that to get to 1.5, we need to cease all new fossil—fuel financing.
these commitments today don't add up to that, so we need to see further ambition on moving our investments away from brown into green. why are you giving tax breaks to fossil—fuel companies? green campaigners were crying foul directly to the chancellor on the site of the negotiations. he acclaimed the uk at the centre of a tidal wave of global green banking — the hope that the carrot of cheap finance, rather than the stick of tough regulations, is the answer for the world. faisal islam, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. research in england has provided the first evidence worldwide that vaccination can drastically reduce cases of cervical cancer in women. the study followed girls vaccinated in 2008 and found that rates of cervical cancer in those jabbed aged 12 and 13, now in their 20s, were 87% lower than for those not immunised. ethiopia's prime minister, abiy ahmed, has pledged to bury
what he called �*the enemy�* with the "blood and bones of his forces". his address marked the first anniversary of the war in tigray. facebook has removed a post from mr abiy calling on civilians to take up arms against the tigrayans. talks to revive the 2015 nuclear deal between iran and six other nations are due to restart later this month. teheran's chief negotiator says his government has agreed to a conference in vienna, five months after the last round. the american music star britney spears has blamed her mother for the conservatorship that was imposed on her 13 years ago. in a now deleted instagram post, ms spears said her mother had given herfather the idea, adding that he wasn't smart enough to think of it himself. the us has blacklisted an israeli company that makes pegasus spyware, which has allegedly been used by governments to hack into the phones of political rivals, journalists, activists and lawyers. along with nso the commerce
department has also blocked another israeli company, candiru, saying there was evidence they had supplied spyware to foreign governments that used these tools to maliciously target numerous individuals and to conduct transnational repression. earlier, i spoke to john scott—railton. he is a senior researcher at the university of toronto's citizen's lab. he is part of one of the leading teams in the world looking at how the pegasus spyware is being used. i asked him how it works. this is a piece of sophisticated spyware that can infect your phone without a link, without a click. and once your phone is infected, the spyware has access to everything you do on your phone — your chats, your encrypted messages, your photographs. it can even switch on the microphone and camera silently. obviously a really powerful piece of technology and one that has a pretty long history of abuse. so it could turn on your microphone on your phone? that's right, it can turn your phone into a spy in your pocket. what do you make of this blacklisting by president biden?
this is a interesting sign from the biden administration that they are really concerned, not only about companies like nso specifically, but about the global marketplace for mercenary spyware, so mercenary hacking tools being sold to autocrat after autocrat and fueling, in many ways, a lot of dictatorial regimes' repression. but this decision to what president biden has done basically stops american companies from exporting their goods and services to the ns0 group. that's right, there are two impacts here. one is the direct effect on american companies, and obviously this has a limiting effect on those relationships, but it also more consequentially signals to the world of finance that nso is potentially a risky investment. and for a company that has ambitions to keep growing and keep attracting investment, this makes this a real hot potato, you could say. we should say nso claims its software is only sold to military, law enforcement
and intelligence agencies from countries with good human rights record. it also talks about how its technology has helped maintain us national security by preventing terrorism and crime. that's their side of it. do you think that other governments will follow? it's interesting that they claim they are helping to protect us national security because the us government has clearly assessed in writing that nso is a potential risk to national security and foreign policy proiroties in the united states. i think i would trust the us government on the impact of nso on its priorities. i think a lot of other governments are recognising how serious a problem nso is, potentially even for themselves and for their personal phones. the fact that a foreign leader could potentially — emanuel macron — could be targeted with this stuff without knowing is deeply concerning. i think we �*ll see more and more governments come forward and say publicly, and take some actions,
with what they have been saying privately for a while — there is a marketplace for this stuff, it's out of control and it's causing harm around the world, including to national security. president biden has admitted people are "upset and uncertain about a lot of things". he has rejected suggestions that his parties shock lost is a verdict on his presidency. in another strongly democratic state, newjersey, the sitting governor only narrowly won re—election. republican hosts of winning back control are boosted. key parts of mr biden's agenda are being held up by lawmakers, and the president says he's determined to push them through. no governor in virginia has ever won when he or she is of the same party as the sitting president. what i do know is, i do know that people want us to get things done. they want us to get things done. and that's why i'm continuing to push very hard for the democratic party to move along and pass my infrastructure bill and my
build back better bill. for more on the significance of these elections and what it, just go to our website where you can find a piece by anthony zurcher on the key takeaways for both sides of us politics. head to bbc.com/news, or download the bbc news app. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we'll tell you why the star of the docu—series tiger king is asking his fans to demand his release from prison. the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear — the monarchy would survive.
of the american hostages, there was no sign — - they are being held somewhere inside the compound — - and student leaders have threatened that, should i this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager one is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we prove once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip, rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. president biden urges democrats to press ahead with his agenda after the party suffers a shock defeat in the state of virginia.
a british fishing trawler detained by the french authorities for the last week because of the row over fishing licences has been allowed to leave le havre, after being held there for a week. the captain, jondy ward, told the bbc that he had been "caught in the middle" of a row between the uk and france over post—brexit fishing licences. with relations at their lowest point for many years, the brexit minister, david frost, is due in paris tomorrow to try to find a way out of the dispute. lucy williamson reports. detained a week ago for entering french waters without permission, captainjondy ward and his crew tonight got permission to leave. it'll not take us long to get ready to go to sea. half an hour, kind of notice will get the engine fired up and we'll get out of here. arriving back at his boat from a court hearing in le havre, today captain ward told the bbc in his first broadcast interview that he didn't understand why the cornelis gert jan
was missing from the eu register. we had all our documents on the bridges, all in order, we have our licence to fish, everything like this, but i don't know if it was a clerical error or what caused it. does he think he's been caught up in a wider political row, my colleague asked him? the fishing row? definitely. i think we're kind of caught in the middle of this. fishing licenses have been a sensitive topic for months. under the brexit deal, french boats can still fish in british coastal waters, if they can prove they fished there before. the uk says some boats don't meet its criteria. france says it's deliberately blocking applications. by the beginning of this week, paris was threatening to apply customs checks to every lorry crossing the channel. the uk was threatening legal action if it did. with britain and france both threatening concrete action, the brexit minister, david frost, is due here
tomorrow, to try to find a way out. technical problems over paperwork are one thing, but this is about more than that. it is about trust, between france and post—brexit britain. at a briefing at the elysee palace today, i asked the government spokesman what concrete measures france needed to call off the threat of sanctions. i just told you. we arejust waiting for one thing, is for the uk to respect the deal that they signed. but the deal was vague, wasn't it? is this just a technical misunderstanding? i really don't think so. i don't think it was that vague. tonight, the cornelis gert jan left le havre. its captain will be back to face charges next year. one small boat navigating the gap between paperwork and politics, as tricky for fishermen as it is for politicians. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris.
one of england's top cricket clubs, yorkshire, is at the centre of a bitter race controversy. a former player azeem rafiq, received an apology after an independent report found he had been the victim of racist harassment and bullying. but no action has been taken against staff or players sparking widespread anger, and now sponsors have withdrawn their support. here's our sports editor dan roan. it's the most successful club in the history of county cricket, but yorkshire is now engulfed in a racism scandal centred on former player azeem rafiq. an independent panel found the spin bowler had been the victim of racial harassment and bullying while at the club. yorkshire apologised, but took no action against any member of staff, and political pressure has been intensifying. what we've read is deeply shocking and one of the most disturbing events in modern cricket history, in my view. i can think of very few reasons why the board of yorkshire cricket club should remain in place. after a leak of
the investigation's findings, it emerged that a current yorkshire player repeatedly used a racially offensive term towards rafiq about his pakistani heritage, but the panel regarded it as friendly banter, sparking an outcry. tonight, after mounting speculation, former england star gary ballance revealed he was the player concerned. in a statement the yorkshire batsman said: earlier, on a dramatic day, a host of yorkshire's sponsors ended their partnerships with the club, as the fall out continued. emerald publishing, which has the naming rights to headingley, yorkshire tea, local brewer tetleys and leisure club operator
david lloyd all turning their back on the beleaguered county. it's over a year since rafiq alleged institutional racism. playing professional cricket for yorkshire should be the best time of your life. unfortunately for me, it wasn't. now, with the ecb launching their own investigation, the crisis threatens to undermine the wider game's efforts to tackle discrimination in the sport. joe exotic became a household name in march 2020 after the netflix docu—series, tiger king became a cultural phenomenon. he's currently serving a 22—year prison sentence in texas after being found guilty of multiple charges of animal abuse and two counts of attempted murder for hire. on wednesday, joe exotic, took to social media announcing a biopsy has revealed he's suffering from an aggressive form or cancer and called for supporters to be his "voice to be released". earlier i spoke to his lawyer, john phillips. he told me more about whatjoe exotic is calling for.
joe is due a resentencing hearing and justice in america is very slow so we want to expedite that process obviously because of his cancer but he is also entitled to a compassionate release so that he can get good medical treatment outside of the prison system. and what about the treatment that he would get if he wasn't released? currently the plan is to send him over to north carolina and it depends on what the prison urologist warrants, whether its radiation or chemotherapy, but certainly the private market in the united states has different options, but when i spoke tojoe on monday and we cried together, it was super emotional because he is, you know, in america and i assume over there they say "all we have as his health". well, he's been locked up and now that's failing. and he hasn't had any
treatment so far, then? so far, none. he just got diagnosed last week and he had a series of other issues that he's gotten treatment but had to be rushed to hospital in an ambulance a couple of weeks ago. and in terms of procedure that is going on here in terms of the legal proceedings, is he considering not having treatment until proceedings have been expedited? that is the rock and the hard place. we can't spend four months waiting on him to get treatment but on the same token, we can't delayjustice. martin luther king said justice delayed isjustice denied. we can't wait on a scented and hearing so we got to be — sentencing hearing. we need to be able to expedite joe's case because we believe he is due a reversal of his conviction. i also read that he had said that it depends on what stage the cancer is at he may refuse treatment?
certainly and some of that was said earlier before he realised how much hope he has. we hope the world will watch when tiger king 2 airs and learns that some of the stuff they saw in tiger king 1 is just untrue and he is not guilty of the charges he was convicted of. obviously you are his lawyer, but what you make of his chances of winning this? i think pretty good. we've had even the alleged hitman admit perjury himself in federal trial. that's significant. when the hitman admits he lies and was part of a grander conspiracy that is a big deal so we strongly feel the conviction is going to be overturned and the sentence is going to be lightened, but time is ticking with relation to his health with aggressive prostate cancer. and before we go, diwali, the five—day festival of lights is currently being celebrated by millions of hindus, sikhs and jains across the world.
thursday is the main day of celebrations. you won't have to look far to see houses, shops and public places decorated with small oil lamps called diyas. people are also enjoying fireworks and sweets too. each religion marks different historical events and stories, but together celebrate new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil. you can find a handy guide on our website, and there is also a quiz you can take to find out about how much you know. hello. a chillier feel to the weather this thursday. yesterday we saw some decent sunshine early on in the day, and the cloud built up. today it's likely to be a similar scenario. but where we do have the sunshine, it will still feel cooler because of the wind, and because we've pulled in colder airfrom the north through the course of the night. a frost to start the day, all the way down from scotland into the welsh marshes. milder initially across eastern
england, but here, a chance of some showers through the day, some coming in down the north sea coast, as well, and nagging northerly wind here. again, showers for pembrokeshire and cornwall. for the majority, though, it's shaping up to be a fine day with some sunny spells, temperatures at best 9—10 celsius and feeling cooler because of the breeze. but you'll notice through thursday evening and overnight more cloud coming into the north of the uk, it will bring a bit of rain, as well. this is a chilly warm front — the clue is of course in the name. it's ushering in warmerair behind it so by the end of thursday night, friday morning, it's actually much milder across scotland and northern ireland. and that milder air will then continue to tip its way south across the uk through friday around this big area of high pressure. so high pressure keeps things fine, it should also means the winds become lighter and, with the milder air moving in, it will just feel a little bit warmer on friday. a lot of fine weather, perhaps the sunshine not quite as widespread, but the temperatures lift up by 1—2 degrees.
and it will remain fine into the evening if you have plans for bonfire night. aside from, i think some rain for northern and western scotland. and for the weekend, we are looking at milder air taking over from the atlantic. perhaps not especially mild, but certainly warmer than the air will be sitting in for thursday. saturday, very windy across the uk, some rain for northern ireland and scotland to start the day. a bit brighter come the afternoon with some showers but temperatures, we're looking at 13—14 celsius with sunshine to the south. sunday, lighter winds. we're still in a relatively milder air. picking up a little bit of a northwesterly, though, across scotland, it could feel perhaps a shade cooler here, but i think the offset will be that it will be a drier and brighter day than saturday.
this is bbc news, the headlines: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip — rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. researchers say that if present trends continue, we could exceed that limit in eleven years unless ambitious goals to cut emissions are achieved. the us has blacklisted an israeli company that makes pegasus spyware, which has allegedly been used by governments to hack into the phones of political rivals and journalists. the commerce department has also blocked another israeli company, candiru, saying there was evidence they had supplied spyware to foreign governments. president biden is urging democrats to press ahead with his agenda after the party suffered a shock defeat in the state of virginia. mr biden has rejected