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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 4, 2021 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. i'm lucy grey — our top stories: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip — rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. the us blacklists an israeli company that makes spyware, which has allegedly been used by governments to hack into the phones of political rivals. president biden urges democrats to press ahead with his agenda after the party suffers a shock defeat in the state of virginia. people want us to get things done. they want us to get things done, and that's why i'm continuing to push for very hard for the democratic party to move along and pass my infrastructure bill, and my build back better bill.
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one of england's top cricket clubs is at the centre of a race controversy, as former player azeem rafiq receives an apology over racist bullying. and the star of the docu—series �*tiger king' —joe exotic — reveals he's suffering from cancer, asking fans to demand his release from prison. carbon emissions across the world are expected to rebound this year to levels last seen before the coronavirus pandemic. researchers say that if present trends continue, we could exceed that limit in 11 years unless ambitious goals to cut emissions are achieved. let's take a look at some of the numbers. emissions fell by 5.4% in 2020 due to covid—19 restrictions and lockdowns around the world.
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but they're estimated to rise 4.9% this year. that's 36.4 tons of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere — which puts emissions almost back at 2019 levels. so why are scientists surprised by this? dr zeke hausfather is a climate scientist and the director of climate and energy at breakthrough institute told me more a little earlier. we thought that the reduction in emissions from covid—i9 would persist for longer than it has and part of this is due to the fact that the global economy has recovered faster and hopes that people have for a green recovery where we focus efforts on things like building more clean energy have not really panned out outside a few countries. so emissions rose much more rapidly than we thought only 0.8 below. there is a risk we may
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have a new peak in global emissions next year as economies continue to recover. and what is driving this? it is notjust more people going back to work and commuting and going on holiday, is it? much of it is coming from china, to be honest. that is the largest driver of the global rebound in emissions and that is due to a large increase in coal use. globally both gas and coal use is above where it was before the pandemic. it is petrol use that is still below pre— pandemic levels. and why is china suddenly using so much more again? they have been trying to stimulate their economy and their heavy industry sector as a way of recovering from covid—i9 but also china was the only country in the world that did not see a reduction in emissions in 2020 and so they already began from a high baseline and increased it in 2021. are you encouraged by any of the agreements that have come out of the summit in glasgow?
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we are seeing 190 countries vowing to shift away from coal they say in the last day. i know obviously that is not china the us or australia which are quite dependent on coal, but that is a step forward, isn't it? there are definitely many steps being made in the right direction and a lot of strong promises being made by countries for later in the century getting to net zero by 2050 or 2060 for china, 2074 india. again, talk is cheap and it is easy for leaders to make promises to do things 30, a0 or 50 years from now. the real question is what near—term agreements will we see and what increases in ambition will we see. there has been some progress but not as much as many of us would have hoped. those numbers are stark. it is estimated global emissions need to drop by 1.4 billion tons each year to reach that net zero by 2050. it was 1.9 billion tons that it fell in 2020 during lockdown. so when countries are in lockdown and doing far less than normal they were doing what needs to happen
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every year, continuously. it is such a big ask, isn't it? it will be a real challenge. the one ray of hope here is that we have seen rapid progress in many clean energy technologies. solar prices have fallen by a factor of ten in the last decade, battery as well. 18% of new vehicles in china are ev. things are changing and they will change in the future. well, at the cop summit in glasgow, banks and investors have been making pledges towards fighting climate change. 130 trillion dollars has been set aside to finance the measures — but there's criticism that they don't go far enough, and fast enough to prevent the world reaching that tipping point of extreme climate change. here's our economics editor, faisal islam. extinction... rebellion! outside the climate summit on glasgow's streets, some protesters distinctly
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unimpressed with the role of banks at the cop talks. inside, the world's finance ministers are promising to change the entire system in response to a ticking environmental clock. alarm clock rings. good morning, and welcome to cop26 finance day. the main result — the world's banks, pension funds and insurers promising to invest and lend in a way consistent with net—zero by 2050. that's £95 trillion of funds, or two fifths of the whole of globalfinance. so bankers and traders in suits are today's equivalents of the famous eco—warriors of three decades ago, says the summit�*s president. you, my friends, are the new swampys, so be proud. can it really be the case that the bankers and financiers can save the world from climate change? that's the hope underlying these incredible numbers, that the lending decisions to businesses large and small will transform entire sectors,
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from energy to transport, from food to retail. and for politicians, this is a lot more palatable than telling consumers, voters, that their behaviour has to change. one british bank chief from the institution that funded north sea oil and gas told the bbc that tough conversations in these sectors where carbon emissions were difficult to limit were already happening. we are very clear that we are ending funding of harmful activity, and we will only work with people with a credible transition plan aligned with paris. the announcements made this morning will discourage finance going to new coal mines or oilfields, for example, but they won't absolutely prevent such flows. rich nations have also delayed long—promised funds for poorer countries to help with climate change. the international energy agency has come out and said that to get to 1.5, we need to cease all new fossil—fuel financing. these commitments today don't add up to that, so we need to see further
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ambition on moving our investments away from brown into green. why are you giving tax breaks to fossil—fuel companies? green campaigners were crying foul directly to the chancellor on the site of the negotiations. he acclaimed the uk at the centre of a tidal wave of global green banking — the hope that the carrot of cheap finance, rather than the stick of tough regulations, is the answer for the world. faisal islam, bbc news. the us has blacklisted an israeli company that makes pegasus spyware, which has allegedly been used by governments to hack into the phones of political rivals, journalists, activists and lawyers. along with nso the commerce department has also blocked another israeli company, candiru, saying there was evidence they had supplied spyware to foreign governments that used these tools to �*maliciously target�* numerous individuals and �*to conduct transnational repression�*. nicole perlroth is the digital espionage reporterfor
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the new york times. she's in san francisco. just for people who do not know, explain how this by aware works. you don't even know it is on your phone if it is happening, do you? the n50 u-rou happening, do you? the n50 group developed _ happening, do you? the n50 group developed spyware - happening, do you? the n50 group developed spyware for| group developed spyware for androids phones and the idea is that it turns your phone into an invisible spire, it can track your location, turn on the camera, record your phone calls, it can access all your text messages even the ones you think are encrypt did through an encrypted messaging app. and in the past we have seen nso group leveraged technology that they would sell to governments and governments would send you and governments would send you a text message and you would click on that message and that is how you would download the spyware inadvertently. over the past few years we have learned
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that nso has developed what they call zero click capability which means they do not have to send you a link or an attachment, there is nothing that you need to do for them to infect your phone so it has become very advanced over the past few years and there has been very little insight and regulation of its spyware. find regulation of its spyware. and now it has _ regulation of its spyware. and now it has been _ regulation of its spyware. and now it has been blacklisted, this means that if american companies cannot export their goods and services to nso, doesn't it? do you think that will have any impact on nso? definitely. for one it is important to say that this is the further is —— furthest any american president has gone in trying to curb abuses of spyware, period. untilthis spyware, period. until this moment, spyware, period. untilthis moment, the spyware industry has been able to basically run amok and was entirely
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unregulated. in this case, what the us has done is by blacklisting nso it has caused huge reputational harm. so nso was claiming an ipo, planning an ipo, and had a $2 billion evaluation and they have been making moves to go public and this is going to greatly limit the number of institutional investors or even potentially acquirers who would show interest in the company. so thatis interest in the company. so that is a big thing. the other thing is that this is a signal to investors everywhere that if they are going to invest in spyware or surveillance companies they may want to think twice because that technology could be blacklisted by the us government so reputational it is a big deal and unfortunately this is still and unfortunately this is still a baby step. there is not much
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to deter other governments from continuing to use the technology supplied by nso. one depressing fact about the company is that its biggest investor is a british based private equity firm whose biggest limited partner, their biggest limited partner, their biggest investor is the oregon state pension fund. so the black list does not force either of these to divest their stakes. to do that you would have to see bigger steps taken by the us government and this administration along the lines of sanctions. i administration along the lines of sanctions.— administration along the lines of sanctions. i should mention that nso of sanctions. i should mention that n50 say _ of sanctions. i should mention that nso say they _ of sanctions. i should mention that nso say they will - of sanctions. i should mention l that nso say they will advocate for this decision to be reversed so let's see what happens there. thank you for joining us.
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the incumbent democratic governor of the american state of newjersey is predicted to have narrowly won re—election for a second term. phil murphy fought off his republican challenger jack ciattarelli by a wafer—thin margin. the state usually leans democratic and the narrowness of the democrats' win, along with their earlier loss of the virginia governorship, suggests a loosening of the party's grip on power. in his victory speech, the governor had this message for the people of newjersey tonight, i renew my promise to you, whether you voted for me or not, to work every single day of the next four years to keep moving us forward. forward with renewed optimism to ensure greater opportunities for all 9.3 million who call the garden state their home. and so importantly forward with a deeper sense of fairness and commitment to equity. forward by rejecting the divisiveness and chaos that permeate too much of our politics. in short, forward living up
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to ourjersey values. let's talk to our north america correspondent, david willis. a disappointing moment for the democrats. how significant though, is it? you may suspect at this stage that the incumbent party might lose a little, mightn�*t you? incumbent party might lose a little, mightn't you?- incumbent party might lose a little, mightn't you? yes. but there was _ little, mightn't you? yes. but there was a — little, mightn't you? yes. but there was a lot _ little, mightn't you? yes. but there was a lot of _ little, mightn't you? yes. but there was a lot of concern - little, mightn't you? yes. but there was a lot of concern in l there was a lot of concern in there was a lot of concern in the democratic ranks after last night's results and some relief, i think, night's results and some relief, ithink, that night's results and some relief, i think, that phil managed to pull it off. there were moments where it did not look as though that was going to be the case. for about 24 hours, mr murphy was neck and neck with his republican opponentjack neck with his republican opponent jack ciattarelli and that was in a state which is traditionally blue in which even republicans and democrats
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alike were surprised to see the contest so tight. relief, as i mentioned because as you said in the city —— state of virginia, a republican newcomer came from behind to defeat terry mcauliffe, a former governor of that state and mr young king, the first republican governor of virginia in more than a decade. and all of this prompting some soul—searching among democratic party members, not least because these were both states thatjoe biden men uncomfortablyjust one thatjoe biden men uncomfortably just one year thatjoe biden men uncomfortablyjust one year ago uncomfortably just one year ago and uncomfortablyjust one year ago and that begs the question, what has happened to democrat support in the last 12 months? much of this is thought to be down to the fact that the president has so far failed to deliver on his ambitious legislative agenda, not least the twin infrastructure and social spending plans which are stalled in congress at the
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moment. but there was more to this, i think than simply that. the fact that the economy really has shown a sluggish improvement after the coronavirus pandemic and inflation is on the rise and a lot of people also believe that the republicans are onto something when they focus, if you like, on what are called parental rights issues. that's vaccination requirements, mask mandates and so on. issues that really resonate clearly with a lot of voters at this particular time. lot of voters at this particulartime. in lot of voters at this particular time. in that soul-searching - particular time. in that soul-searching for - particular time. in that soul-searching for the | soul—searching for the democrats, how much do you think they will believe this is down to president biden himself, asking about blame, he talked about people being upset and uncertain about a lot of things. that's right, he also said democrats clearly need to deliver, and particularly in regard to that infrastructure and social spending plan, which
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announced $300 million. he clearly believes it — he is taking a lot on, he clearly believes that if it is to pass through congress, then his political fortunes will be reinvigorated, but still stymied. the house of representatives is now moving to state a vote on those measures in the next couple of days, so the hope is in a democratic circles that they can kickstart that legislation and, with it, bolster the approval ratings of the president. thank you very much, david willis. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we'll tell you why the star of the docu—series tiger king the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested and an extremist jewish organisation has claimed
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responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear — the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages, there was no sign — - they are being held somewhere inside the compound — - and student leaders have threatened that, should i the americans attempt. rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager one is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we prove once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is bbc world news,
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the latest headlines: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip, rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. president biden urges democrats to press ahead with his agenda after the party suffers a shock defeat in the state of virginia. one of england's top cricket clubs, yorkshire, is at the centre of a bitter race controversy. a former player azeem rafiq, received an apology after an independent report found he had been the victim of racist harassment and bullying. but no action has been taken against staff or players sparking widespread anger, and now sponsors have withdrawn their support. here's our sports editor dan roan. it's the most successful club in the history of county cricket, but yorkshire is now engulfed in a racism scandal centred on former player azeem rafiq. an independent panel found the spin bowler had been the victim of racial harassment and bullying while at the club. yorkshire apologised, but took no action against any member of staff, and political
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pressure has been intensifying. what we've read is deeply shocking and one of the most disturbing events in modern cricket history, in my view. i can think of very few reasons why the board of yorkshire cricket club should remain in place. after a leak of the investigation�*s findings, it emerged that a current yorkshire player repeatedly used a racially offensive term towards rafiq about his pakistani heritage, but the panel regarded it as friendly banter, sparking an outcry. tonight, after mounting speculation, former england star gary ballance revealed he was the player concerned. in a statement the yorkshire batsman said:.
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earlier, on a dramatic day, a host of yorkshire's sponsors ended their partnerships with the club, as the fall out continued. emerald publishing, which has the naming rights to headingley, yorkshire tea, local brewer tetleys and leisure club operator david lloyd all turning their back on the beleaguered county. it's over a year since rafiq alleged institutional racism. playing professional cricket for yorkshire should be the best time of your life. unfortunately for me, it wasn't. now, with the ecb launching their own investigation, the crisis threatens to undermine the wider game's efforts to tackle discrimination in the sport. our sports editor, dan roan, reporting. joe exotic became a household name in march 2020 after the netflix docu—series, tiger king became a cultural phenomenon. he's currently serving a 22—year prison sentence after being found guilty of multiple charges of animal
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abuse and two counts of attempted murder for hire. on wednesday, joe exotic, took to social media announcing a biopsy has revealed he's suffering from an aggressive form of cancer, and called for supporters to be his �*voice to be released�*. i spoke to his lawyer, john phillips. he told me more about whatjoe exotic is calling for. joe is due a resentencing hearing and justice in america is very slow so we want to expedite that process obviously because of his cancer but he is also entitled to a compassionate release so that he can get good medical treatment outside of the prison system. and what about the treatment that he would get if he wasn�*t released? currently the plan is to send him over to north carolina and it depends on what the prison urologist warrants, whether its radiation or chemotherapy, but certainly the private market in the united states has different options, but when i spoke
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tojoe on monday and we cried together, it was super emotional because he is, you know, in america and i assume over there they say "all we have is his health". well, he�*s been locked up and now that�*s failing. and he hasn�*t had any treatment so far, then? so far, none. he just got diagnosed last week and he had a series of other issues that he�*s gotten treatment but had to be rushed to hospital in an ambulance a couple of weeks ago. and in terms of procedure that is going on here in terms of the legal proceedings, is he considering not having treatment until proceedings have been expedited? that is the rock and the hard place. we can�*t spend four months waiting on him to get treatment but on the same token, we can�*t delayjustice. martin luther king said justice delayed isjustice denied. we can�*t wait on a sentencing hearing so we got to be to be able to expeditejoe�*s case
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because we believe he is due a reversal of his conviction. i also read that he had said that it depends on what stage the cancer is at he may refuse treatment? certainly and some of that was said earlier before he realised how much hope he has. we hope the world will watch when tiger king 2 airs and learns that some of the stuff they saw in tiger king 1 is just untrue and he is not guilty of the charges he was convicted of. obviously you are his lawyer, but what you make of his chances of winning this? i think pretty good. we�*ve had even the alleged hitman admit perjury himself in federal trial. that�*s significant. when the hitman admits he lies and was part of a grander conspiracy, that is a big deal so we strongly feel the conviction is going to be overturned and the sentence is going to be lightened, but time is ticking with relation to his health with aggressive prostate cancer.
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the largest hoard of anglo—saxon gold coins to be found in england has been declared treasure at an inquest. 131 gold coins and four objects were uncovered from a field in norfolk over a period of 30 years. most of the haul was discovered by a metal detectorist who reported his findings to the autorities. ten coins were found by a serving police officer, who tried to sell them and was jailed for 16 months. the objects date to about 1400 years ago. and before we go, diwali, the five—day festival of lights is currently being celebrated by millions of hindus, sikhs and jains across the world. thursday is the main day of celebrations. you won�*t have to look far to see houses, shops and public places decorated with small oil lamps called diyas. people are also enjoying
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fireworks and sweets too. you can reach me on twitter — i�*m @lucyegrey. hello. a chillier feel to the weather this thursday. yesterday we saw some decent sunshine early on in the day, and the cloud built up. today it�*s likely to be a similar scenario. but where we do have the sunshine, it will still feel cooler because of the wind, and because we�*ve pulled in colder airfrom the north through the course of the night. a frost to start the day, all the way down from scotland into the welsh marshes. milder initially across eastern england, but here, a chance of some showers through the day, some coming in down the north sea coast, as well, and nagging northerly wind here. again, showers for pembrokeshire and cornwall. for the majority, though, it�*s shaping up to be a fine day with some sunny spells, temperatures at best 9—10 celsius and feeling cooler because of the breeze. but you�*ll notice
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through thursday evening and overnight more cloud coming into the north of the uk, it will bring a bit of rain, as well. this is a chilly warm front — the clue is of course in the name. it�*s ushering in warmerair behind it so by the end of thursday night, friday morning, it�*s actually much milder across scotland and northern ireland. and that milder air will then continue to tip its way south across the uk through friday around this big area of high pressure. so high pressure keeps things fine, it should also means the winds become lighter and, with the milder air moving in, it will just feel a little bit warmer on friday. a lot of fine weather, perhaps the sunshine not quite as widespread, but the temperatures lift up by 1—2 degrees. and it will remain fine into the evening if you have plans for bonfire night. aside from, i think some rain for northern and western scotland. and for the weekend, we are looking at milder air taking over from the atlantic. perhaps not especially mild, but certainly warmer
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than the air will be sitting in for thursday. saturday, very windy across the uk, some rain for northern ireland and scotland to start the day. a bit brighter come the afternoon with some showers but temperatures, we�*re looking at 13—14 celsius with sunshine to the south. sunday, lighter winds. we�*re still in a relatively milder air. picking up a little bit of a northwesterly, though, across scotland, it could feel perhaps a shade cooler here, but i think the offset will be that it will be a drier and brighter day than saturday.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: carbon emissions are set to rebound after the covid—19 dip — rising by almost the same amount that they dropped in 2020. researchers say that if present trends continue, we could exceed that limit in 11 years unless ambitious goals to cut emissions are achieved. the us has blacklisted an israeli company that makes pegasus spyware, which has allegedly been used by governments to hack into the phones of political rivals and journalists. the commerce department has also blocked another israeli company, candiru, saying there was evidence they had supplied spyware to foreign governments. president biden is urging democrats to press ahead with his agenda after the party suffered a shock defeat in the state of virginia. mr biden has rejected suggestions that the loss in the governor�*s race was a verdict on his presidency. now on bbc news, it�*s hardtalk with stephen sackur.


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