tv BBC News at Ten BBC News November 12, 2021 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT
tonight at ten, here in glasgow, the climate talks go on, well past their official end, but is a breakthrough possible? climate activists have been piling on the pressure, and with negotiations set to continue into the night, the president of the summit calls for one last push to reach a deal. now we need that final injection of that can—do spirit
which is present at this cop so that we get this shared endeavour over the line. delegates from the most vulnerable island nations say success in glasgow is a matter of life and death. it is a matter of life and survival for many of us. our safety, the safety- of my children, and yours, hangs in the balance. and the other main stories here tonight... a partial lockdown is announced in the netherlands, as covid cases reach a record high. bars and shops will have to start closing early. as migrants continue to camp in freezing conditions in belarus, british troops are sent to poland to strengthen its border. and scotland book a place in the world cup play—offs, as they bid to reach the finals for the first time in 2a years. and coming up in the sport on the bbc news channel,
are lewis hamilton's title hopes slipping away? another penalty costs him pole position at the sao paulo grand prix. good evening from glasgow, where last—minute haggling will see negotiations go on well into the night and into the weekend at the cop26 climate summit. the talks should have ended several hours ago, and it's unclear how close delegates are to an agreement. but the president of the summit, alok sharma, wants a final injection of what he calls a "can—do spirit," to agree measures to slash global greenhouse gas emissions. the aim of the summit had been to try to gain consensus among more than 190 countries
for measures aimed at limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees celsius. but the sticking points that remain include finding tougher language to secure commitments to phase out coal and other fossil fuels, and finding more financial aid to help developing nations fight climate change and make the switch to greener technology. with the very latest on the continuing negotiations, here's our science editor, david shukman. sirens wail a warning from outside the conference about the state of progress inside it. world leaders are singled out for failing to keep their promises, for allowing the planet to become dangerously overheated. appeals for action came in the conference halls as well. activists calling on governments not to water down key points of the agreement — a plea echoed by the most vulnerable nations. our safety, the safety
of my children, and yours, hangs in the balance. as i said to the high ambition coalition this morning, it's time for us to level up. this will be the decade that determines the rest of human history. we cannot let it slip by. but some disputes are proving really difficult to settle, over coal, and what to say about phasing it out. how often countries should update their climate plans. every year, to reflect the urgency, or less often? and how much climate aid to give the poorest nations, notjust now but over the coming decades. the whole point of these talks is to try to limit the rise in global temperatures so how is that going? well, compared to preindustrial times, we have warmed by at least 1.1 celsius and record heat waves are already becoming more frequent. above 1.5 degrees, many coral reefs are expected to die off, among a long list of other impacts.
if everyone here keeps to the promises they have given — a big if — we are still on course for about 1.8 and that means even higher sea levels and even more people threatened by flooding. but being realistic, as things stand, a more likely outcome is 2.4, which means even longer droughts, affecting food production across vast areas of the planet. so i asked america's veteran climate envoyjohn kerry, would any of this slow down global warming? so, we are moving in the right direction. are we moving fast enough? n0~ — but that is what this meeting is about. scientists never said, hey, you guys have to have this done by the end of the cop. they said you have ten years. they said it was incredibly urgent. no, yeah, it is incredibly urgent and that is exactly why 65% of global gdp has said we're going to keep 1.5 degrees alive.
meanwhile, as haggling continues, the conference chair made another plea for agreement. now we need that final injection of that can—do spirit _ which is present at this cop so that we get this shared i endeavour over the line. but emotions are running high and many delegations are worried. for us, ambition of1.5 is notjust a statistic, it is a matter of life and death. some among us are wasting precious time here in glasgow attempting to renegotiate what was already agreed. so, a long night of negotiations lies ahead. and the plan next is to see what is possible tomorrow. david shukman, bbc news, in glasgow. the effects of climate change have been felt in parts of california, where emergency workers say they're now battling fires covering more than a million acres of land. one giant blaze, which began near the dixie creek
in the north of the state, took nearly three months to bring under control. our climate editor, justin rowlatt, reports on the widespread damage caused to livelihoods and the environment. meet general sherman, the biggest individual organism in the world. this giant sequoia is 84 metres tall and it is 2200 years old. these trees are restricted to 70 groves on the western slope of the sierra nevada. that's all that's left? yeah, very narrow little patches ofjust the right remaining habitat. it is a habitat that has always included fire. so these trees are exquisitely adapted to cope with fire. listen to this. the bark is full of tiny air pockets and it is about a metre thick so that insulates it from the heat of the fire and then if you look up at the canopy, the first branches start about 30
metres up so they are lifted clear of all but the very biggest fires. but fire has now become their greatest threat. years of climate—induced droughts have left vegetation tinder dry. add in a policy of suppressing small fires which allow deadwood to build up, and fires are now ripping through california's forests faster and hotter than ever before. this is good low severity fire here. general sherman escaped unsinged. the flames came within a quarter of a mile of it but other trees were not so lucky. before 2015, no one saw a sequoia that looked like this. there is nothing i can do about these trees. they are gone and we will plant new ones but it takes a thousand years. and they won't be this for hundreds of years. they won't be this for a long, long time. and it isn'tjust trees that are burning —
communities are, too. it took all the colour out of my life. look at it, everything is just a shade of grey. the entire town of greenville was razed to the ground in just two hours, and nicole's forever home went with it. but nicole believes something good could rise from the ashes. greenville could actually be a lighthouse community of sustainability and climate adaptation, and how do we live in our new normal. because big fires are now the new normal. you can see the crown is totally intact, there is living bark under this char. and in the forest, christy hasn't given up hope either. so this is black on the outside, this will all come off and the bark will continue to grow and this tree is completely fine. she says the resilience of the trees should inspire us. we need to act on climate change now, and every little bit counts. it isn't too late, she says.
not yet. justin rowlatt, bbc news, the sierra nevada mountains. our science editor, david shukman, joins me now. david, we have had to weeks of talking, the negotiations should have ended four hours ago but they continue into the night and the weekend so do you detect any sense that there may be a deal? —— two weeks. i that there may be a deal? -- two weeks. ~ ., ., , weeks. i think all the indications are from conversations - weeks. i think all the indications are from conversations i - weeks. i think all the indications are from conversations i have i weeks. i think all the indications l are from conversations i have had that there will be an agreement at some point. quite what is in it exactly, when we get it, i don't think anyone can predict. it is a measure of the desperation of this process that alok sharma, the chairman of this, will have consultations all night long with key countries and with groups of countries in an effort to produce a new draft of the agreement in time
for tomorrow morning and then a whole series of meetings after that. but there are some fundamental questions that remain to be settled, whether it is on finance, i'm hearing that is very tricky indeed, or the issue of whether cole should be phased out because the coal producing countries i think may try to argue to a very end that that line should not appear in the agreement. and up a lot to play for and to add to the myriad complications here, many of the delegations are going to have to bring up their capital is back home to check exactly what they can do —— call up capitals put it long talks ahead, very difficult, this is the classic pattern of these climate conferences but one has to hope, and we certainly heard that from john kerry in my interviews, the hope that at the end of the day, there will be a clearer direction to put the world onto a safer pathway. k.
the world onto a safer pathway. k, david, many thanks. our science david, many thanks. ourscience editor david shukman. that's it from glasgow tonight. now back to you. thank you. now the rest of tonight's news. a three—week partial lockdown will begin in the netherlands tomorrow, designed to stop a surge in cases of covid—19, which hit a record high yesterday. announcing the restrictions, the dutch prime minister mark rutte described them as "annoying and far reaching". it's the first such move in western europe since the summer. here, borisjohnson had earlier warned that storm clouds of a new wave of coronavirus were gathering over europe. here's our health editor, hugh pym. people in the netherlands enjoying a final evening in bars and restaurants before a partial three week lockdown starting tomorrow, the government's response to rising covid infections set out by the prime minister tonight. translation: this is a hard blow of a few weeks, - because the virus is everywhere throughout the country, in all sectors and in all ages.
hospitality venues will have to close at 8pm, there will be early closing for supermarkets, fans will be barred from major sporting events, and households will only be allowed four visitors. it sucks, obviously, but i understand the reasoning behind it. i think we have to do it - for the good of everyone else. i think mental health should be considered more than physical health at this moment because everyone is suffering as much mentally as they are physically. intensive care units in austria are under strain. the government is set to announce restrictions on those who haven't beenjabbed — the country's vaccination rate is below the eu average. uk covid cases relative to the population have fallen back but the netherlands, austria, and some other european countries have seen steep increases. the prime minister sounded a cautionary note about the implications of case increases across europe. i'm seeing the storm clouds
gathering over parts of the european continent. i've got to be absolutely frank with people, we've been here before, and we remember what happens when the wave starts rolling in. here, ministers are pushing even harder the message that people should get boosterjabs as soon as they're eligible. the hope is that will help slow the spread of covid. the latest ons survey suggests that last week in the uk nearly 1.1 million people had the virus. that was down on the previous week. in england, it was one in 60 people and in wales one in a5. in both, case rates were falling. but in northern ireland, with one in 75, and scotland, one in 85, the trend was less clear. school half—term could have been a factor and the prime minister said it wasn't clear the drift downwards would continue. hugh pym, bbc news. well, there have been protests in the hague about the partial lockdown.
our correspondent anna holligan joins me. anna, was today's announcement unexpected? well, actually the netherlands was initially criticised for taking a relatively relaxed approach, so it was one of the last countries in the world to make facemasks mandatory. it was one of the last countries in europe to roll—out its vaccination programme. but here we are, the icy yous approaching capacity, talk of transferring patients over the border to germany for treatment, so this kind of short sharp shock was seen as essential in trying to bring those record—breaking numbers under control. but actually dutch society is divided so not far from here police used water cannon to disperse and lockdown, anti—vax protesters, about 200 of them, yet here we've been speaking to people in these bars and most are resigned to the idea that this is a necessary
sacrifice for the greater good and everybody knows it's not over yet. but people here are increasingly asking when will it end. puma asking when will it end. anna holliuan asking when will it end. anna holligan in — asking when will it end. anna holligan in the _ asking when will it end. anna holligan in the hague, - asking when will it end. anna holligan in the hague, thank| asking when will it end. anna holligan in the hague, thank you. the latest coronavirus figures for the uk show there were more than 40,000 new infections recorded in the latest 24—hour period. so an average of more than 35,500 cases were reported per day in the last week. more than 8,500 people were in hospital with covid yesterday. there were 145 deaths, that's of people who died within 28 days of a positive test. that means the average number of deaths over the past seven days was 156. the total number of people who've died with covid—19 stands at more than 142,000. on vaccinations — nearly 88% of people aged 12 and over have now received a first dose. almost 80% have been double jabbed. and more than 11.8 million people
have received their boosterjab. the uk is sending military engineers to help poland strengthen its border defences. the announcement from the mod came as western nations condemned belarus for the growing crisis on its border with poland, where thousands of migrants are stranded in freezing conditions. the belarusian president, alexander lukashenko, is accused of orchestrating the crisis, in response to sanctions imposed on his country. thousands of migrants have flown from the middle east to belarus, with the promise of entering the eu, then transported to its borders with poland, and lithuania, and latvia. our correspondent steve rosenberg is in belarus, close to the polish border. by day, the scale of this migrant crisis becomes clear. belarus's border with poland transformed into a camp for those desperate to get to europe.
tonight, for the first time, belarusian border guards agreed to take us into the camp, right up to the border. behind the barbed wire, the european union, just metres away. many here are kurds from the middle east. the eu believes that belarus helped them get here, that the country is facilitating illegal migration into europe — revenge for sanctions. but poland won't let them in. we are like homeless, we don't have any place to stay there. it is about whether it's too cold, we just collect fire and burning trees to make our bodies heat. but still we hope, we never give up. we've been told there are more than 2000 people in this camp, living in pretty basic conditions.
this story is a very human drama, but the backdrop, that's geopolitics. the migrant crisis is ratcheting up east—west tension. near the border, paratroopers from belarus and russia held joint exercises, signalling whose side the kremlin�*s on. increasing, too, is alexander lukashenko's rhetoric. this week he threatened to block the flow of russian gas to europe if the eu imposes more sanctions on belarus. but those who see belarus as a stepping stone to the eu, they couldn't care less about sanctions or geopolitics. they just want a better future. many of them have paid thousands of dollars for package tours that bring them to belarus and deliver them to the border with europe. but no further.
for most, the journey stops here. and so they have to wait, in the cold, while governments argue. waiting and hoping to be let through. well, belarus rejects accusations that it well, belarus rejects accusations thatitis well, belarus rejects accusations that it is using migrants to wage hybrid warfare against the european union, using civilians as a political weapon. many of the migrants who have been arriving in belarus have been arriving on flights via turkey. well, today, the turkish authorities announced they are stopping citizens of syria, iraq and yemen from boarding flights to belarus and that could block a key migration route for people coming to belarus and onto europe. steve rosenberg, thank you. nearly 1,200 people crossed the channel by boat yesterday to reach the uk — a new record for migrant crossings in a single day. more than 23,000 people have arrived
from france in small boats so far this year — nearly three times the number in 2020. our home editor mark easton reports from dover. it was a day the uk lost control of its border. 1200 arrivals in 24 hours up the gangplank at dover's tug haven and into a hired marquee for processing, but the border force just couldn't cope. there's limited sanitary facilities. there's no way to get them hot food. it was never designed to be used in the way it is now. but there's no way to move these folk on to their next destination. the entire system is broken from end—to—end. conditions in the tent last night were described by one official as a humanitarian crisis, with a thousand people traumatised, vulnerable and desperate, including i'm told at least one pregnant woman forced to sleep on the floor. the home office had expected migrant crossings to fall in the autumn, but calm and mild conditions have actually seen record numbers attempt to reach the kent coast,
despite a government commitment last year to make the route unviable. and the french have stopped over 18,000 attempted crossings so far this year, but the numbers speak for themselves. it's disappointing and shocking just how many migrants have managed to cross the channel. data obtained by the refugee council shows that in the 17 months to may this year 70% of the 12,000 people arriving in small boats came from five countries. over 3000 from iran, 2000 from iraq and around a thousand each from sudan, syria and vietnam. they're people fleeing war, persecution and terror. they want to come to the uk because they're able to speak some english. they might have a connection through their networks to the uk, through family, and they simply want to get on and rebuild their lives and make a contribution to our economy. the weather has been worse today, with few migrants crossing, a relief to the border force who have been working around the clock to clear the backlog of hundreds of exhausted and desperate people. mark easton, bbc news, dover.
in the last few minutes, a court hearing in los angeles has confirmed that britney spears' conservatorship will be terminated, with conditions. for the last 13 years, the pop star's father has had legal authority over much of her life. sophie long is outside court. explain what's happening, sophie. well, it does seem it's independence day for britney spears. in the last few moments the crowd of hundreds gathered outside the courtroom in la erupted in cheers, some crying tears ofjoy. this is what the free britney movement had been campaigning for. we don't know what the details of the termination that conservatorship are yet but there are huge benefits for her and you can probably hear, this will not be
the end of the story. it's very much the end of the story. it's very much the beginning of the end. britney spears' lawyer has made clear he wants a full investigation into how this situation came about and into her father, jamie spears' conduct over the last few years which has controlled her life.— controlled her life. sophie long, thank you. _ controlled her life. sophie long, thank you, outside _ controlled her life. sophie long, thank you, outside a _ controlled her life. sophie long, thank you, outside a very - controlled her life. sophie long, thank you, outside a very noisy. thank you, outside a very noisy courthouse. 20 years ago today, taliban fighters were fleeing the afghan capital kabul as us—led coalition forces arrived at the city's gates. our world affairs editor john simpson was there as the taliban were forced from power, two months after the september 11th attacks. now, two decades on, western forces are gone — and the taliban are back in control. but those years of foreign intervention and war have dramatically changed the country. john simpson has returned to afghanistan, and his report begins with that historic moment, when kabul fell. kabul lay temptingly
close below us now. the small bbc team decided to head on into the city on our own. well, this is it. we're walking into kabul city. we don't seem to have any problems around us... this was the route that we took on that extraordinary day, with thousands upon thousands of people pouring out to greet us and thank us for being there. but to be absolutely honest i can scarcely recognise this now, because none of these buildings were built at the time. they've all sprung up in the last 20 years, and during that time the outside world has of course pumped enormous quantities of money into afghanistan. the trouble is that directly the taliban arrived in power the economy collapsed and the effect on ordinary people will be horrific. in the surroundings of the intercontinental hotel in the centre of kabul,
we caught sight of a group of arab and pakistani taliban trying desperately to escape the vengeance of the people of kabul. a group of soldiers is hunting them down. the extraordinary thing is that precisely the same sort of people that we saw being arrested and taken away as prisoners then, are now back in charge of the country. the problem that the taliban have is that they've spent the last 20 years fighting a guerrilla war in the mountains and towns of this country, and they haven't had any contact with government whatsoever. now, at a stroke, they have just stepped from guerrilla warfare to government. suddenly you don't have to wear a beard any more if you don't want to. shaving is a way of demonstrating your liberation. so is showing your face in public if you're a woman. and there's one thing more —
children can fly kites again. freedom is in the air here. and so it was for 20 years, until president biden decided to pull his troops out and the taliban came back. are the taliban different this time? well, there is greater personal freedom. you can see that. but terrible things are happening in other parts of afghanistan. it's not clear who is in charge here yet. but the basic question is are theyjust putting on a smiley face for the international community, or have they really changed ? and on the answer to that question everything here depends. john simpson, bbc news, kabul. scotland are a big step closer to reaching next year's world cup finals— securing a playoff place with a a 2—0 win in moldova.
england are on the verge of qualification after beating albania 5—0. natalie pirks was watching. # 0 flower of scotland... belting it out like their lives depended on it, scotland's mission was simple — beat moldova and the travelling tartan army would be guaranteed a play—off spot for their first world cup since 1998. but it wasn't all one—way traffic. scotland, though, were by far the better side and finally broke the deadlock before half—time. an exquisite backheel set up in scotland for the cushion they craved. and craig gordon's penalty save was the icing on the play—off cake. the tartan army in raptures — the dream is still alive. england's match with albania began with a moment of reflection. last post plays. what followed was a stroll in the park. harry maguire got the first, harry kane's head got the second. the goals kept coming — jordan henderson made it three, kane's left foot made it four.
and the perfect hat—trick wasn't far behind. how is this for acrobatics? aimed in towards kane! he may not be in golden form for his club but for england, kane shines. all goals in the first half, 5—0 the final score. welcome a draw against the worst ranked side in the world, san marino, will guarantee england that spotin marino, will guarantee england that spot in qatar and if scotland could beat high—flying denmark, well, they could secure a crucial home tie in their semifinal play—off place, so plenty still to play for. natalie, thank you. that's it. now on bbc one, it's time for the news where you are.
this is bbc news. the headlines: as the un climate summit in glasgow runs into extra time, delegates are considering a third draught of an agreement to try to put a limit on global warming. the conference president, alok sharma, has called for a final injection of "can—do spirit". the summit should have ended on friday evening, but negotiators are now expected to work through the night, with the aim of formally finishing on saturday afternoon. steve bannon, a former aide to donald trump, has been indicted by a federal grand jury. he's charged with contempt of congress, after refusing to give evidence to the committee investigating the january 6 assault on the capitol. britney spears has been handed back control of her life and career by a los angeles court. a judge has agreed to terminate a guardianship order imposed 13 years ago, following concerns for her mental health. dutch police have used water cannons on protestors, after a partial lockdown was announced by the government.