good afternoon. the queen was unable today to go to the remembrance sunday service at the cenotaph in london. buckingham palace said she had sprained her back and it was with "great regret" that she wasn't able to be there. the palace had previously said it was the queen's "firm intention" to attend the service, after taking time away from her duties for health reasons.
our royal correspondent, nicholas witchell, reports. it was the customary cenotaph commemoration, after the limitations last year caused by the pandemic. there was, though, one notable absentee. the queen did not, as had been expected, take her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph. according to buckingham palace, she had sprained her back. she continues to rest at windsor. the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their places at the cenotaph, in readiness for the two—minute silence observed in whitehall and at ceremonies around the country. big ben chimes the hour.
face, in tribute to those from britain and the commonwealth who lost their lives in the world wars and more recent conflicts. then, after the official wreath—laying, it was the return of the veterans�* march—past. the former servicemen and women, denied the chance to be at the cenotaph last year, paying their own tributes to former colleagues. the head of state had been absent — a matter of great regret, we are told, to her and to those who were on parade. let's talk to nick. this will have been a real disappointment for her, won't it? yes, undoubtedly. we rely, as ever, on what buckingham _ yes, undoubtedly. we rely, as ever, on what buckingham palace - yes, undoubtedly. we rely, as ever, on what buckingham palace tells - yes, undoubtedly. we rely, as ever, i on what buckingham palace tells us. they say she sprained her back recently and they say it is unconnected to the advice from the real doctors three weeks ago that she should rest. it is unconnected to the hospital tests, of course,
that she underwent. we understand that she underwent. we understand that she underwent. we understand that she was deeply disappointed to have to miss such a significant event. really, the most solemn duty of the royal year, nobody regrets her absence more deeply than she does according to one source at the palace. it had been herfirm intention to be there and it was one of the reason she was resting for the past three weeks. the palace said on thursday definitely that she would be there. we will have to see what impact this latest health issue will now have on her programme. we understand that she will be continuing with light duties at windsor. . ~ continuing with light duties at windsor. ., ~ , ., , . continuing with light duties at windsor. . ~' , ., , . windsor. thank you very much, nick, thank yom — the president of the cop26 climate conference, alok sharma, today said that india and china would have to "justify" themselves to the world's most climate vulnerable countries after the two nations secured last—minute changes to the climate deal in glasgow. those changes, last night, controversially ended up softening commitments to reduce the use of coal. our science correspondent, victoria gill, reports.
hearing no objections, it is so decided. after two weeks of sleepless nights and negotiations over every detail, the glasgow pact on climate change was finally agreed. it was almost derailed at the last moment, as india, backed by china, requested a change, watering down a critical line about phasing out coal. today, cop president alok sharma insisted that this deal was a significant step forward. this is the first time ever that we have got a language about coal in a cop decision. i think that is absolutely historic. but, as i said, at the end of the day, china and india are going to have to explain themselves to the most climate vulnerable countries in the world and you saw the reaction of the climate vulnerable countries to that change. this is the first cop agreement to mention fossilfuels, the very stuff of greenhouse gas emissions. but while prime minister boris johnson had previously talked about glasgow being the beginning of the end of climate change, reacting to this deal, he sounded less certain. we can't kid ourselves, we haven't beaten climate change
and it would be fatal to think that we have because there is so much more that still needs to be done. but what we do have now is a viable road map. but environmental campaigners who have been watching this process for many years are encouraged by some of the pledges. so, there's great- declarations on forests. we've seen some good words on oceans, at the same time. but we need to make sure they're i really followed up with actions. the planet responds to emissions, not to promises, so the real test of whether these commitments made here in glasgow will be enough is if they can be acted upon quickly enough to catch up with the speed at which the world is warming up. for the most vulnerable nations, low—lying islands facing the most dangerous impacts of storms and sea—level rise, this is a matter of life and death. we're going to live to fight another day. and we did so much that, as a very small island country, i can be deeply proud of.
as nations are asked to come back in 2022 with more ambitious pledges to cut greenhouse gas emissions and catch up with the pace of climate change, tired negotiators are already planning for the next climate summit. victoria gill, bbc news, in glasgow. live now to beijing and our correspondent there, stephen mcdonell. why did china do this? why did they want this change on coal? ~ ., ., ., coal? well, on the one hand, it will come as something _ coal? well, on the one hand, it will come as something of _ coal? well, on the one hand, it will come as something of a _ coal? well, on the one hand, it will come as something of a blow- coal? well, on the one hand, it will come as something of a blow to - come as something of a blow to people who wanted a more ambitious goal at this conference, to see this wording watered down. but, on the other hand, perhaps we shouldn't be too pessimistic about the final agreement. for example, here, we seeing in the communist party's media mouthpiece commentaries saying
that coal is the dominant contributor, the dominant cause for carbon emissions in electricity generation. that is a message, a party line, going out to everyone — coal is the biggest part of the problem. what is also being stressed here from the chinese delegation at the conference has been its disappointment at the world's wealthiest countries, that they haven't made good on their promises to deliver finance, to deliver technology, which would assist developing countries to move to cleaner energy. and they think that is their biggest disappointment at the conference. of course, beijing would say that, because their argument has always been that of the world's wealthiest countries, they are the ones that got us all into this mess in the first place. thank ou ve this mess in the first place. thank you very much. — this mess in the first place. thank you very much, stephen - this mess in the first place. thank. you very much, stephen mcdonnell reporting from beijing. poland's border guard agency has accused neighbouring belarus of preparing a large group of migrants to make an attempt to
cross into its territory by force. poland's interior ministry is warning about false rumours designed to encourage people staying in a make shift camp to storm the border. belarus denies allegations that it is engineering a border surge in retaliation for sanctions imposed by the european union. the zambian—born best—selling author wilbur smith has died at his home in cape town at the age of 88. wilbur smith wrote more than a0 novels, selling more than 140 million copies around the world. he started with when the lion feeds in1961i. it led to a 19—book series following the fictional courtney family from the 17th to 20th century. you can see more on all of today's stories on the bbc news channel. the next news on bbc one is at 5:05pm, have a lovely sunday afternoon.
good afternoon, i'm gavin ramjaun with your latest sports news. crystal palace midfielder conor gallagher has been given his first call—up to the england senior squad, ahead of tomorrow's world cup qualifier in san marino. he comes in with five players ruled out of the game due to illness or injury. gallagher is on loan from chelsea and he's been impressive at palace this season, scoring four goals in ten premier league appearances. he played in england's under 21s win over the czech republic on thursday. england need only a point from their final qualifier to confirm their place at next year's world cup in qatar. celtic right—back anthony ralston has been called into the scotland squad for the first time, for their qualifier against denmark tomorrow, with nathan patterson suspended. he received a second booking after scoring in friday's win over moldova, that earned them a play—off place. they need at least a draw against the runaway group leaders
to be seeded in the semi—finals. manchester united are bidding to narrow the gap on the top three in the women's super league — they're playing at everton and united are one up, thanks to a sensational goal from ella toone. they'd go fourth with a win. there are four more wsl games to come this afternoon. lewis hamilton will be hoping for another remarkable comeback at tonight's sao paolo grand prix in brazil, as he tries to revive his title hopes. the world champion had to start the sprint qualifying race from last place, after his car was found to have broken the rules. and he fought his way up to finish fifth — but a five—place penalty for a new engine means he'll be tenth on the grid for the grand prix. his team mate — valtteri bottas — is on pole ahead of max verstappen who leads hamilton by 21 points in the championship race. when the t20 world cup started almost a month ago, not many would have predicted we'd be seeing australia and new zealand in the final. but the sides play for the title in dubai, with the match getting under way in the next hour — and australia captain aaron finch thinks it's going to be a good one.
we play quite a bit against new zealand now and we always have great battles regardless of the format. and, yes, it's exciting to be playing against new zealand. they're a great team and lead super by kane williamson. so it's just one of those things that both teams seem to have found their way into each other�*s path along the way in some tournaments. so it's really exciting. sheffield boxer kid galahad suffered a shock defeat in the first defence of his ibf world featherweight title. fighting in his home town, he started as the big favourite against 35—year—old kiko martinez of spain, a fighter whose best days were assumed to be behind him. but galahad was floored by a strong right hand at the end of the fifth round and the bout was stopped just seconds into the sixth. promoter eddie hearn says he's looking at the possibility of a rematch. and yorkshire's terri harper lost her wbc super—featherweight title
to the american alycia baumgardner, who dominated from the start to secure a fourth—round knockout victory. it was harper's first career defeat. 0n social media, she said she was fine but heartbroken. there's more over on the bbc sport website. that's all for now. remembrance events are being held around the world — but this year, there will be no gathering at the british military cemetery in kabul. that follows the rise to power in afghanistan of the taliban. our world affairs editor john simpson is there — and he sent this update. normally on remembrance sunday there would be a ceremony here attended by the british ambassador and other commonwealth ambassadors. not this year. there is no british ambassador and scarcely any british people left in the country.
there are some wreaths but most of them are from previous occasions. the one in the middle arrived on the 11th of november. this was from canada. although this is a british cemetery many countries have buried their dead here. south africa, spain, france, and other countries. a lot of people naturally would say a50 british deaths and all the others in a war that was lost was just a complete waste of time. i don't think many afghans would think that. they would see how their lives have been transformed in the last 20 years in every way, economically, education in ordinary social life. they will be demanding that the taliban should continue to provide those kind of freedoms.
the last british troops left afghanistan in august. today, on remembrance sunday we can share the stories of sergeant rick clements, who was left with life changing injuries after stepping on an explosive device in 2010 — and kingsman darren deady, who was killed at the age of 22 during his second tour of duty. ijoined the army back in 1996, i was 16 and nine months at the time, very much a child, really. darren was a cheeky chap. always laughing. into his music. out with the lads.
very loyal. gunfire. although we are 11 years on now, i still remember exactly what happened the day he got shot. the way i felt. when i first set foot in afghanistan, it was very similar to iraq in many senses. the heat was just unbearable. looking around and watching people just living in poverty. some of the phone calls were quite horrific, really. because you could hear what was going off. i stood up and took a step back and then all of a sudden
there was this massive explosion. i was disorientated. didn't know what had gone on. and really, the first sort of time i came to terms with that was when i heard the boys coming towards me and i realised it was me. ijust remember thinking, stay awake, because if you are awake, then you are all right. and i was told all the injuries that i had sustained and the fact i could not have children, it was just the lowest point in my life. for me, i had gone from this superfit soldier of 30 years old, everything ahead of me, you know, alpha male, all of those sort of stereotype things of a soldier, i felt like this 95—year—old kind of man who could not do anything for himself. my last words to darren were i always love you loads. and his were to me, i will see you soon.
i lost friends in afghanistan, particularly, my regiment lost one guy in iraq, and it's different for all those who serve. but we all have some special people that you remember. when you lose a son, or a daughter, any child, you lose a part of you. but you have other children that you have to carry on for. but what became his first family were the other veterans and those that are still serving, are still struggling with the loss of them too. they become brothers. we try to help them. we have set up a foundation in darren's name. i have been helping veterans since darren died. now i work as a role for fleetwood town community trust,
we set up veterans groups. we all help each other. i like to be reminded i am very fortunate. people say i am in a bad position but it could have been a lot worse, you know? their families miss them every day and do not have the luxury that my family does of being able to spend time and still speak, it doesn't matter what condition i am in. in the 22 years he was alive, trust me, he gave us some fun with his antics. we are so proud of what he did. we always will be. he's included in everything we do, every christmas, every party, his birthday. we still celebrate them for him and we always will. a new partial lockdown has been imposed in the netherlands —
the first country in western europe to do so this autumn — due to record covid infections and rising intensive care cases. three weeks of restrictions for shops, sport and catering were announced by prime minister mark rutte on friday. anna holligan has this. under the new dutch rules, bars, cafes and restaurants can serve until 8pm and diners need to show a covid entry pass. this three—week long lockdown—lite is designed to limit social interactions in response to a sharp increase in infections. a record number of new cases recorded in just one day this week. they remain stubbornly high. normally everybody is sitting here having dinner. and drinks, dinner. it's empty. yep. crazy. it costs money. people think it's not fair because i know there's covid—19. but for two hours, what's
the difference, four hours? they are going to have parties in their house now. so you're not going to solve the problem, actually. a maximum of four visitors a day are allowed at home but this measure is especially difficult to police. 0ther entrepreneurs have vowed to ignore the early last orders rule. klaxons. anti—lockdown, antivax protesters and conspiracy propagators who hurled fireworks at riot police dominated the headlines, they represent only a minority. most people here in the netherlands reluctantly agreed that sacrificing parts of their social lives will contribute to the greater good. i don't think life is going to stop. it's frustrating, especially as we had a taste of what life is like, opening up afterwards. i think frustration is the biggest thing but again, public safety comes first.
you've got to do what you've got to do, i suppose. there are of course other social activities but i mean, as a young person, this is something that is kind of what we do. as have some stress release, some wine, some beers. have a good time. so a little bit, yeah, i do think it disproportionately affects young people. the mandatory early closing time does not apply to artistic and cultural performances and sports events can go ahead. but without spectators. considerable frustration and consternation exists among people who diligently report their masks, kept their distances, and turned up for theirjabs too. i have been vaccinated but i know i can still get it but you know, it's gone on a bit long. the dutch are displaying a determination to live within the limitations.
anna holligan, bbc news, the hague. the austrian chancellor has announced that unvaccinated citizens are to be placed into lockdown. alexander schallenberg said that as of monday the new rules will apply to try and deal with a surge in infections in the country. roughly 65% of the population is fully vaccinated against covid—19, one of the lowest rates in western europe. mr schallenberg described this as "shamefully low". £50 million worth of government funding has been promised over the next five years, to help find a cure for motor neurone disease. it comes two months after a petition was delivered to downing street by some of those living with the terminal illness — including former rugby league star rob burrow. 0ur reporter louise pilbeam has more. september this year, the campaign for £50 million towards motor neurone disease goes to downing street. among those present was former footballer stephen darby, handing over their plea
to finally try to find a cure for the terminal disease. at his side, rob burrow, former rugby league star, both living with the impact of the disease. what this will mean to mnd sufferers is great hope. we're now on the brink of a medical treatment so we need to get to help prolong life and help find a cure. the two first spoke to bbc breakfast about life with mnd back in early 2020, alongside scottish rugby union star doddie weir. i played rugby before i knew what i had, knew what the issue was, somebody said to me you have got this and we will try to fight that. and then i did the dreaded google. it came up mnd. in the months to come, rob burrow will chart the impact of the condition in a documentary.
that led to fundraising by people across the country and rob's former teammates. kevin sinfield's seven marathons in seven days raised over £2 million. he takes on a new challenge later this month. meanwhile, the campaign for government backing has continued. just last week rob's dad gave another emotional plea. after 25—30 years, surely to goodness we can find something to find a treatment. if it stops it, that's phase one. a cure's phase two. now the government has confirmed it will provide the £50 million that the campaigners have been asking for. in an article in the express, the prime minister promises to transform the fight against this devastating disease. the announcement has been welcomed by the mnd association, which says it will change lives and ultimately save lives.
louise pilbeam, bbc news. a new image has been released to mark the prince of wales' 73rd birthday today. prince charles can be seen relaxing in the gardens of his highgrove estate in the photograph, taken earlier this summer. his royal highness will spend his birthday attending the annual remembrance day service at the cenotaph. it's one of the longest annual bird migrations in the world — around 80,000 godwits leave their breeding grounds in the alaskan arctic, across the pacific ocean before settling in new zealand for summer in the southern hemisphere. now, thanks to radio transmitters, experts can track exactly where the birds are and how long they fly for — and this year the longest flight ever by a land bird been recorded. here's the manager of the pukorokoro miranda shorebird centre on new zealand's north island, keith woodley, on these incredible journeys. they are astonishing birds. they breed in alaska and they
migrate to new zealand every year. and in order to make these nonstop flights, they have got to do some pretty amazing things. certainly, they have got to be able to navigate, they have got to be able to find their way, but also do things like double their weight before they depart. they go through various changes within their bodies before the migration flights as well so not only are they making these huge flights, but they are doing some remarkable things in order to make those flights. the consensus seems to be they are following a number of cues like magnetic fields, the stars, the sun and the moon presumably, and they also seem to have a very good sense of where they are. the one thing this tracking has shown is that when birds are drifting off their optimal course by maybe persistent winds, after a period of time, when the conditions are ok, they can clearly adjust and change their direction and get back onto a heading for where they were originally
going for, so they know where they are and they know how to get to where they need to go. now it's time for a look at the weather, here's alina. it is quite and mild for most of us. a few breaks in this cloud through parts of northern england, east wales, south—west england, allowing for some sunshine but this figure cloud across the north and west of scotland is bringing outbreaks of rain. and that will slowly edge eastwards and southwards through the offering arriving into northern ireland through the ceiling. the winds are mostly light but a bit more strength particularly across the north west of scotland and northern isles. temperatures 11—14 this afternoon, could see 15 across northern ireland. this rain continues south and eastwards over night, through scotland and northern ireland, possibly the far north of
england by the end of the night. to the south are still a lot of cloud and possibly some breaks. where we do across southern england temperatures could fall to 5 or 6. where we have cloud 7—10. through the week most of us will be mild. most of the rain will be across northern scotland. still there is a front to deal with through tomorrow bringing outbreaks of rain initially across southern scotland and northern england, may be wales and south—west england, but weakening as it moves south because it is running into high pressure. the raindrop as well to the money. i did some sunshine across scotland and northern ireland. to the south of this a weakening rain band, a lot of cloud and lingering fog through the morning. temperatures 11, 13. the cloud base may lower slightly. across england and wales providing drizzle and it should be a mainly dry night ahead. this band of rain should be moving into scotland and
northern ireland through tuesday and the isobars are close together as well. it should be a windy day on tuesday and that rain resistant and heavy as it moves into northern ireland and scotland through tuesday and much of england and wales will stay dry with lighter winds and still a fair amount of cloud but they should be some bright and sunny spells and that will tend to ease through the afternoon across northern ireland. 11—13, the top temperature again on tuesday. but frontal system running into high pressure weakening as it slides south and east into nz but briefly on wednesday something a little bit cooler particularly across northern scotland. wednesday and thursday most of the uk will be mainly dry but still some outbreaks of rain across the far north of scotland.