welcome to bbc news, i'm david eades. our top stories: the glasgow climate deal is the death knell for coal power says borisjohnson, but others express anger that it allows india and china to sidestep talk of phasing out the fossil fuel. a lockdown for people not vaccinated against covid—19 comes in to force in austria as the country battles a record surge in cases. anti—terror police arrest three men after an explosion outside a hospital in liverpool leaves one person dead and another injured. bell tolls. buckingham palace says the queen's disappointed at missing herfirst remembrance sunday service in more than 20 years.
british prime minister boris johnson has described a global accord to speed up action against climate change as "truly historic" and "the beginning of the end for coal power". but his remarks come after the president of the cop26 climate conference, alok sharma, said india and china will have to justify themselves to the world's most vulnerable countries, after the two nations demanded last—minute changes to the climate deal, softening commitments to reduce the use of coal. let's take a quick look at what's agreed. the deal says limiting average global temperatures to 1.5 celsius above pre—industrial levels, by the year 2100, is still attainable. scientists have said that amount, by then, would avoid the worst
impacts of climate change. but there's controversy over the pledge about coal, which now says its use should be phased down, rather than phased out. among other things, the deal also pledges more money for poorer countries to help them adapt. our science editor, david shukman, reports. it was billed as a landmark moment in our relations with the planet. but did the glasgow conference do anything to limit the rise in temperatures? the man at the centre of the talks, alok sharma, had to shuttle between delegations. china and india not allowing coal to be phased out, only to be "phased down". the pressure really showed at one point. and the final wording on coal has left disappointment. but this evening in downing street, mr sharma admitted how the deal was very nearly lost. for months, people have been asking me, some of you good people have been asking me, "do you feel the weight
"of the world on your shoulders?" and i can tell you, there was one really tense hour where i did feel the weight of the world on my shoulders. and so many people have done so much over two years. the uk team, internationally. and, yeah, this deal was absolutely in jeopardy. his efforts at the conference were praised by opposition parties. but they also warned there's a long way to go in. we have made some progress and we have to acknowledge that. but we also have to acknowledge that we failed in getting the target of 1.5, and we must keep that pressure on because it would be catastrophic for areas of the world and for our planet. so we've got more to do. so what happens now? well, by the end of next year countries should update their climate pledges — a faster pace than before. and they are now expected to do this more often. by 2024, a package of long—term financial aid for the poorest nations should be agreed. and then by 2030, to avoid the worst of global warming, carbon emissions should be halved.
but we're still a long way from achieving that. so as things stand, the polar ice will melt faster than ever, raising sea levels and, together with heavier rain, threatening millions of people with flooding. the implications of failing to act soon have never been clearer. we've already warmed by 1.1 degree celsius since pre—industrial times. and the hope is that 1.5 will be the limit of the rise. but we're heading for at least 1.8, and that's only if every promise is kept. more realistically, we are on course for about 2.4 — a really dangerous level. the difference between 1.5 and 2.4 is really survival of millions and millions of people and species in the planet. this is what is particularly true for the islands.
but according to camilla born, a government adviser at the heart of the talks, the worst outcomes can be averted. we have kept 1.5 alive, but on the basis of delivering on those commitments, and that will be our next task. first as the presidency but for all the countries. and it's on us to make sure that this is real in action. the key to that is what's happening far beyond the conference. the spectacular fall in the price of renewable forms of energy. they now make good business sense, whatever gets agreed in talks about climate change. the arguments here over the past fortnight were about words on a page, and in the end they may or may not prove important. what matters more is the signal sent by this gathering and others to come to businesses, investors, banks — all of us — that with the right pace and scale of change, it should still be possible to get the world onto a safer course. david shukman, bbc
news, in glasgow. we can now speak to the renowned climate scientist, peter gleick. he works at the pacific institute in oakland, california. you guided us through the last few weeks and i would be very keen to get your perspective on what this overall package looks like. david sugarman saying there that there still a possibility for getting to right destination. yes, i appreciate you having me back on again. thank you very much. that was an excellent introduction. i waiver back and forth between optimism and pessimism. without a doubt there was good news that came out of the cop. we got emissions cuts larger than we have seen previously in agreements, enough potentially to reduce the increase in temperature to around two degrees by the end of century. we got an agreement ethane which was unique to cut methane emissions, a very powerful greenhouse gas. we got an
agreement to preserve forests and too slow and hopefully stop deforestation by a very large number of countries. and the uk made a very strong commitment. the us for the first time in more than two years made a very strong commitment. but there was bad news as well. the emissions cuts were not enough to reach the target of 1.5 degrees that was agreed upon by paris. we know we're going to see severe impacts no matter what we do. again, as the story at the beginning said, india, china, russia, australia were somewhat disappointing in their efforts to change wording. good news and bad news. just on that point, it is a last—minute glitch of saying instead of phasing out cold they will face down. i don't really know what faison means, to be honest. how much of a disappointment is that? would you nonetheless recognise that for india, perhaps, you can'tjust say, coal going to go.
you know, that is exactly right. there is a big difference between phasing out, which we can measure and understand what that means, we understand what that means, we understand the endpoint, and phased down which is very ambiguous. but it is also true that a number countries are very dependent on coal for their energy and are going to have to but surely eliminate their coal industry. the reality is, coal is dead. it will take time to get rid of the rest of the coal but in the long run, coal is dead. the faster we can get rid of it, the better. but coal is just the better. but coal is just the first step. we need to get rid of oil, we need to get rid of methane as well. and oil and gas don't even get a mention and i suppose that must be one of the issues that upset the likes of china and india. western fuels are ok, but the ones in the global south are not. it is going to be hard to get rid of fossilfuels in general, but again, on the good news side, a very large number of financial institutions
committed a huge amount of money — institutions that control literally hundreds of trillions of dollars — investment in noncarbon energy especially for developing countries. that is going to help them get rid of the fossil fuels, hopefully sooner rather than later. right, we cling onto cautious optimism, peter gleick, thank you much indeed. thank you. poland has accused neighbouring belarus of helping migrants to cross into its territory by force. thousands of people are at a makeshift camp austria has begun its lockdown for the unvaccinated. two million people,who are yet to get two doses of a coronavirus vaccine, have been told to stay at home except for work and essential shopping. courtney bembridge has this report. there was a last—minute rush at vaccination centres on the eve of new restrictions for those not yet protected. unvaccinated austrians were _ not yet protected. unvaccinated austrians were already - not yet protected. unvaccinated austrians were already barred i austrians were already barred from visiting restaurants, hairdressers and cinemas, but they are now told to stay home except for work and food shopping. it will be policed using spot checks with hefty fines for those caught breaking the rules. austria has one of
the rules. austria has one of the lowest vaccination rates in western europe — around 64% of the population is fully vaccinated, which leaves 2 million people yet to get two doses. the country has one of the highest infection rates in europe, more than 800 cases per 100,000 people. the icus are starting to fill up, it is already projected that within two weeks we will have reached the limit, and we know that the cases we see now will be those that fill up the icus in two weeks, so there is need for summit measure right now. 110w. —— some measure. now. —— some measure. but not everyone agrees. crowds gathered over the weekend in salzburg and vienna to make the opposition clear. translation: i opposition clear. translation: ., ., translation: i am here today because i want _ translation: i am here today because i want to _ translation: i am here today because i want to fight - translation: i am here today because i want to fight for - translation: i am here today because i want to fight for my i because i want to fight for my rates. these measures are absolutely discriminatory. my body, our bodies, we have a right to decide about them.
a fourth wave of infections is gripping much of europe and the continent is once again the epicentre of the virus. eastern european nations with lower vaccination rates like latvia and russia were among the first to bring back restrictions, but even the netherlands whether vaccination rate 80% has reintroduced a partial lockdown for at least three weeks. and germany is also weighing up a new restrictions. bembridge, bbc news. poland has accused neighbouring belarus of helping migrants to cross into its territory by force. thousands of people are at a makeshift camp on belarus' border with poland, enduring freezing conditions. 0ur correspondent jenny hill has been to the polish side of the border, near the town of hajnowka. her report contains some images you may find distressing, from the start. in the freezing darkness of a polish forest, the human cost of the political deadlock. woman groans in pain. this woman is severely hypothermic and, we are told,
pregnant. she groans. she had made it across the borderfrom belarus. it's ok, it's ok. volunteers, then border guards, found her here with her husband and five children. they're in police custody, she's in hospital, and two other men who were with them were reportedly pushed back into belarus. there were five among them... piotr, who was there and gave us the footage, is from an informal network of people who try to help those who make it across the border. whether you are pro refugees or against them, i think we all deeply agree that people need some basic humanitarian help. at the border, desperation. people trapped in the cold of a makeshift camp on the belarusian side. poland refuses to let them in, and today accused belarus, backed by russia, of preparing the people here to storm the eu border en masse. some people have made it across the border.
they are hiding in the forests along its length. behind them, a hostile belarusian border force, ahead of them, a europe where they're not really wanted. and the polish government would prefer you not to know about them. journalists and aid agencies are banned from getting too close to the border. but micha lives inside the exclusion zone and helps the people he sees. recently, i met a group of 25 people from iraq and before 15 from syria, some guys from somalia, some people from turkey. so, probably around 100 or something. we went back to the woods where the young family was found. the geopolitical stand—off continues — belarus and russia against poland and the west. these scattered possessions a reminder of those caught in the middle. jenny hill, bbc news, poland.
stay with us on bbc news. still to come: more pressure on china over sexual assault allegations levied at a former top leader by tennis player peng shaui. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan's general election, and she's asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson's been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest i demonstration so far of the fast—growing european anti—nuclear movement. - the south african government has announced that its opening the country's remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black majority government in this
country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one - of the queen's residences, has been consumed by firej for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, which has caused i millions of pounds worth of damage. | this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: borisjohnson says the glasgow climate deal sounds the death knell for coal power but admits there's a lot more work to do. in austria, a lockdown comes into effect for people who aren't fully vaccinated against covid—19. british police have arrested three men under the terrorism act after a taxi exploded outside a hospital in the city of liverpool in north—western england. the passenger of the vehicle was killed and the driver was wounded.
just a note of caution — fiona trott�*s report contains flashing images. just seconds before 11am, the car explosion which killed a man inside. terrifying for onlookers and so dangerously close to the hospital itself. a police cordon was immediately set up. local roads were also closed. then, confirmation that a counter—terrorism investigation had been launched. unfortunately, i can confirm that one person has died and another has been taken to hospital, where he is being treated for his injuries — which, thankfully, are not life—threatening. so far, we understand that the car involved was a taxi, which pulled up at the hospital shortly before the explosion occurred. and while the cordon remains in place, patients have been told to stay away. we are reviewing our patient activity for the next 24—48 hours and patients should wait to be contacted for updates about any planned appointments.
this has been a fast—moving investigation. just hours after the news conference, it emerged that police were at this residential street in the kensington area, and also here, just one mile from the liverpool women's hospital. counter—terrorism detectives say they are keeping an open mind about the cause of the explosion. tonight, people are being told to remain calm but vigilant. fiona trott, bbc news, liverpool. the women's tennis association has labelled events in china concerning player, peng shuai "of deep concern" after she publicly accused the country's former vice—premier of sexual assault. in a post on chinese social media site weibo, the former world number one doubles player said she was "forced" into a sexual relationship with zhang gaoli. the post was soon deleted. peng acknowledged she would not be able to provide proof, while zhang has not responded to her claims. in a statement on sunday, wta chairman and ceo
steve simon said "peng shuai, and all women, deserve to be heard, not censored. in a statement on sunday, wta chairman and ceo steve simon said "peng shuai, and all women, deserve to be heard, not censored. going on to say: tennis icon billiejean king re—tweeted the statement, saying: ben rothenberg is a tennis journalist and host of the no challenges remaining podcast. he's been following the story and joins me live now from washington. imean, it i mean, it is quite a story, isn't it? can i touch on billie
jean king's comment, saying we hope she is found safe. we do not know that she is missing as such, do we? not know that she is missing as such. do we?— such, do we? no, some of the reorts such, do we? no, some of the reports earlier— such, do we? no, some of the reports earlier had _ such, do we? no, some of the reports earlier had suggested l reports earlier had suggested she had missed —— she was missing or had disappeared, the new york times had given interview earlier with the ceo of the wta, steve simon, who believed she is safe and not in any physical danger and they have spoken to people who are aware of her whereabouts, even though they have not been able to establish direct contact with peng shuai and are not too worried about her state.- worried about her state. that's a aood worried about her state. that's a good start. — worried about her state. that's a good start, it's _ worried about her state. that's a good start, it's interesting i a good start, it's interesting listening to her comments in terms of what to make, this is steve simon, what to make of this. , . , , this. they are pretty hard-hitting. - this. they are pretty - hard-hitting. absolutely, i hard—hitting. absolutely, i think they really had to make a choice here, whether it was going to sort of step back in lieu of its enormous business investments in china, the wta bring a lot of the tour into china and the chinese market after the success of lena who won in 2011, it's seen as being
a windfall for tennis with his chinese market to tap into it migratory. and the tour and steve simon said today they are standing behind her player stammered to the chinese government and the censorship and think about that are attached to it. i and think about that are attached to it.— and think about that are attached to it. i think they went as — attached to it. i think they went as far _ attached to it. i think they went as far with _ attached to it. i think they went as far with the - attached to it. i think they went as far with the new i attached to it. i think they - went as far with the new york times is to say if there is not an investigation will to make some decisions and we are prepared to do so. as you point out, this is a huge financial risk, innocence, isn't it? absolutely, the wta does rely on china for a lot of its funding and it's been very lucrative events on the tour with this new market and a lot of advertisers and investors there are going to bring tournaments to various chinese cities. there are 11 tournaments in china before the pandemic and obviously the pandemic and obviously the pandemic has scrambled the calendar in china, no events have been held there since the pandemic began maybe that's a bit of a chance for a reset there but really, the tool
relied heavily on china and asia with some big names from the wta, wt asia for its heavy investment of the continent. certainly we have seen before china can respond very quickly and acerbically, actually, with other sports if there are things they do not like the sound. i wonder how much this is a tennis issue, in a way. if we look at other areas around and about tennis, we have had allegations made on the mend's tool for example of some bullying and how far of the authorities prepared to get involved with these sorts of issues? —— men's to r. involved with these sorts of issues? -- men's to r. alluding to some of _ issues? -- men's to r. alluding to some of the _ issues? -- men's to r. alluding to some of the domestic- issues? -- men's to r. alluding| to some of the domestic assault allegations against the atp players and they have been much slower to react in the wta has been —— tour. the wta made it very clear, not immediately after peng shuai's allegations which were first made earlier this month but once they finally spoke out, it took a firm stance and i think it
carved out some strong ground for itself to show what it is willing to do for standing up for principles overjust the money on the table. briefly, i mean, money on the table. briefly, i mean. peng _ money on the table. briefly, i mean, peng shuai _ money on the table. briefly, i mean, peng shuai made - money on the table. briefly, i | mean, peng shuai made these allegations at the start of the month and we are about ten days later and it's interesting to see the power of stardom, i suppose, of people like billie jean king raising the issue and suddenly it goes from being a sort of undercurrent to a major issue for both china and the uta to deal with? i issue for both china and the uta to deal with?— uta to deal with? i think it has a bit — uta to deal with? i think it has a bit to _ uta to deal with? i think it has a bit to do _ uta to deal with? i think it has a bit to do honestly, i uta to deal with? i think it has a bit to do honestly, a| uta to deal with? | think it i has a bit to do honestly, a bit more of the tabloid —ish coverage in the last few days and it resonated with people and it resonated with people and framed peng shuai as being missing and in some immediate danger and obviously, the wta does not believe that is the case but i think the sense of urgency really accelerated the course of this story and forced the wta to take quicker and perhaps stronger action than they may have otherwise because he really was a groundswell of concern. ~ ., . , concern. we will watch this carefully- _ concern. we will watch this carefully. thanks _ concern. we will watch this carefully. thanks indeed i concern. we will watch this | carefully. thanks indeed for joining us,
ben rothenberg. david, thank you. buckingham palace says queen elizabeth was disappointed that she wasn't able to attend the annual remembrance day service in london, after spraining her back. it would have been the 95—year—old monarch's first public engagement in person since she was advised to rest following a night in hospital for an unrelated medical matter last month. 0ur royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. it was the customary cenotaph commemoration after the limitations last year caused by the pandemic. there was, though, one notable absentee — the queen did not, as had been expected, take her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph. according to buckingham palace, she had sprained her back. she continues to rest at windsor. the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their places at the cenotaph in readiness for the two—minute silence observed in whitehall and at ceremonies around the country. big ben chimes the hour.
of the last post in whitehall by royal marine buglers, the prince of wales placed the queen's wreath of red poppies against the cenotaph's northern face in tribute to those from britain and the commonwealth who lost their lives in the world wars and more recent conflicts. then, after the official wreath—laying, it was the return of the veterans' march—past. the former servicemen and women, denied the chance to be at the cenotaph last year, paying their own tributes to former colleagues. the head of state had been absent — a matter of great regret, we are told, to her and to those who were on parade. nicholas witchell, bbc news. it isa it is a moving occasion there and having everyone back again made a huge difference this year. all of that on our website. you can reach me on twitter.
i'm @bbcdavideades. always good to hear from you. this is bbc news. hello. but one of the weekend was a little bit dull for many of us, we held onto cloudy skies, sunshine was limited, is going to be pretty similar i think for sunday with limited sunshine and a lot of cloud around and there will be some rain as well, especially across the north—west of the uk closer to this area of low pressure and its weather front. to this area of low pressure and its weatherfront. further south, its higher pressure, barely any isobars so winds will be light. still going to be relatively mild for the time of year, especially towards the western side of the country as western side of the country as we drop the south—westerly breeze. we start sunday morning off on another cloudy note. there could be some sunshine but also missed and fog patches to watch out for. into the afternoon much of england and wales should tend to see more
holes breaking in the cloud with some sunny spells, a few showers across the south—east but the wettest will be across the north and west of scotland, perhaps north—western part of northern ireland. 11— 14 degrees, pretty mild, we could see 15 for belfast. think through sunday night the weather front in the north—west begins to sink southwards and eastwards but as it runs into an area of high pressure it will begin to fizzle out and the rain will get lighter because there will be some heavier bursts i think during sunday night and temperatures range from 6—11. this weather front will be sinking slowly south—east, almost grinding to a halt as it pushes into the area of high pressure, it will fizzle out through the day. we start off with patchy rain for southern scotland, just pushing into parts of north—west england, north—west wales but you can see it fades away and leaves no more than a band of cloud. skies wanted for scotland, northern ireland, just a few blustery showers, but a much better day. that is, cloudy for much of england and wales, limited sunshine once
again. temperature 11—12, maybe 13. as we move through the rest of the week, it stays mild or even turns very mild at times, especially across southern areas, and most wind and rain will be confined to the north of the uk. as you can see as we run through tuesday into wednesday, the north of the uk will bring the spells of wet and windy weather further south, closer to this area of high pressure, this is where we will see the lighter winds and the more settled conditions but you will see how mild it is, temperature reaching the midteens and times, especially across southern areas. quite a bit of clout about, limited sunshine, with most of the rain confined to northern areas. see you later.
this is bbc news. the headlines: borisjohnson�*s described a global agreement on climate change as �*the beginning of the end for coal power�*. but the prime minister added the cop26 deal was �*tinged with disappointment�* after china and india weakened a pledge to phase out its use. a lockdown for people not vaccinated against covid—19 has come into force in austria amid a record surge in cases. it�*s the first measure of its kind to take place in western europe. it�*ll be enforced with regular spot checks before a review in 10 days. three men in their 20s have been arrested on suspicion of terrorism offences after a car exploded outside a maternity hospital in liverpool. one person died and another was injured. it happened at the same time the nation fell silent to mark remembrance sunday.