tv Britains Best New Building BBC News December 24, 2021 1:30pm-2:01pm GMT
then, three wise whippets from the east followed the star to bethlehem to see the baby. this is edna, one of the wise men. all the wise men were women. i don't know if she is looking very demure now. we saw christmas approaching and saw things may be going downhill again. so we wanted to make people smile, see and hear the christmas story again, but maybe in a way they probably hadn't heard it before. who looks most like mary? who looks like a good shepherd? we had a cute, tiny puppy, so obviously he was babyjesus. there was no room at the inn. it was utter chaos, yes, absolutely. but we had some tricks up our sleeves, like a bamboo cane with a bag of treats hanging on the end, so we could dangle it and try to tempt them into going the right way. bringing gold,
frankincense and myrrh. just make people happy and give people a bit of a connection in our local community in the swansea valley, and everybody across the country and further afield, to enjoy this. i told you it would cheer you up. did you hear what he said, the vicar said, otherwise men were women. i knew it! —— all the wise men were women. —— all the wise men were women. now on bbc news, david sillito explores the six buildings shortlisted for the 2021 riba stirling prize and reveals which was crowned the winner at an awards ceremony hosted in coventry cathedral back in october.
there is a phrase that has become rather familiar over the last year or so. "build back better." it is an idea that says, if you are going to build something, if you have got to solve today's problems, be really careful that you're not going to be creating tomorrow's disasters. and that is why we have come to this place — a british mosque in cambridge, one of six buildings nominated for this year's stirling prize. this is a little moment to sit
back and admire beauty. a chance to look around the six nominated buildings for this year's stirling prize — at the end, we will find out who has won the prize for britain's best new building. but this is about more than just a beauty. it is about solutions to problems such as, how do we continue to build without destroying the environment? how can we future—proof construction? and the most fundamental question of all — why build in the first place? a question that takes us to ourfirst nominated building. kingston university in london wanted a new library and a place for its dance studios, but the town house is more than that. it is a way of creating openness, collaboration, togetherness and pride. wow, like, this is incredible.
like, coming here and being like, if i walk past with people from home, like, i go to uni there and they are like, that is where you study? and i am like, yeah, it's so cool! the first day i walked in here was actually very unique. i did not imagine this would be a university at all. it's polished, new, it didn't give me the vibe of a traditional university you see on tv shows. hearing it is mostly dedicated to dance and performing arts, amazing to hear about, because they are normally seen as an afterthought for universities. dance and performing arts are not seen as a career path. kingston, like many new universities, grew from an amalgamation of older colleges and institutions. a hodgepodge mixture of buildings in different locations —
few of them had much wow factor. the town house is meant to be a statement, a public face. it has given the university, for the first time, a front door. it is open to the public. these staircases, they are social spaces leading up to the whispering gallery, the library has been mixed in with the dance studios across there. everything servicing a central overriding thought — bringing people together. there is a little bar and cafe over there. it is such an open and bright space. there is so many more studios, meaning the whole curriculum has changed, ourtimetable, we can have so many more classes going on at the same time. it is lots of space, it is really uplifting when you come in, there is lots of natural light and everybody has a smile on their face when they come in the building. it is very exciting.
go for latin. and after a year of learning by zoom, it has made everybody cherish a key part of the university experience. for the last year or so, dance using zoom, does it work? well, it proved that it is possible. it was an experience, but... but being back here, i'm guessing it's better? 100%! i think everyone can attest that dance is meant to be, it is a social dance, you know, it is a social artform it is meant to be in the space, live, _ bumping into people, connecting with people, having conversations like this.
now onto our next building, and, like here — the mosque — it is all about fitting in with the local environment, but this time, the problem is not the residential neighbourhood, but the fact that it is somewhere really, really beautiful. the key issue is, don't spoil the view. the brief of the building
was to create a world—class building in which to house the internationally significant boat collection. it needs to be a building that can accommodate large scale boats, that was exciting for the public to want to visit, but also, importantly, because it's sat in one of our great national parks, it had to lack enhance landscape it was within. sustainability has been really central to the concept of the building. we have systems such as the heat pump that heats the museum underpinning the energy strategy. we have selected wherever possible local materials so that the travel from source to site is as short as possible. the building has a zero—waste strategy so all of the domestic waste water is treated on—site and it is filtered through the landscape and weed beds so it can then be discharged back into the lake as clean water.
the site isjust amazing. it reflects boat building, it reflects restoration, conservation. some of the success of what the team has achieved here is a building that is simultaneously foreground and background. the foreground's the visitor experience, a building that is here. and yet it is the background, the backdrop to a beautiful landscape setting, and immersing yourself in a fantastic collection. so, windermere, all about water, and our next building is equally elemental. a study in stone. with all the attendant stresses, strains and personal trauma. was there a moment when you thought you wish you had never started this? of course.
if somebody decided to press a button, it could all be demolished. we are looking at an apartment building of eight flats and office space underneath for three offices and it is made of limestone, load—bearing limestone. limestone? correct. limestone. that is what this building is all about. rediscovering a way of building that doesn't involve the energy—hungry furnaces and kilns needed for steel, concrete and bricks. what's keeping this upright are giant blocks of rock, the only energy required is cutting and moving them into place. it is a means of construction that
has rather fallen out of fashion. sedimentary rock and, depending on how old it is, you will still find fossils within it. and here you can see... this has come straight out of the ground, hasn't it? precisely. so here is an ammonite shell, and what you find is you can still do it, it is actually cheaper, faster and far greener still to just simply put stone buildings up. so we found here that we saved 92% of the embodied carbon had this been a steel frame building and clad in stone. so very simply, you just cut the stone out of the quarry, transport it and erect it on site. and that is it. so essentially you have created a very high—tech building but has the appearance of a ruin. i guess so, yeah. and inside, it is equally natural. so this is your flat we're coming into? exactly, yeah.
so straight in. that is some view. got st pauls out there and we can see the stone. that is right, that is the one. our limestone exoskeleton. so on the outside it is all stone, inside? all european oak. timber. is that to make it carbon neutral? carbon negative? exactly, so if you remove all the partitions, all the plasterboard lining, all the paint, replace it with timberframe and timber as the finish, then any wet areas, more stone. normal minimalist architect's kitchen here, isn't it? yes, that's right. we can even hide the oven if we don't want to look at it. or nice big larders hiding the mess, which is also
a bit of a secret door a short cut to our bedroom. oh, it is a door? it is a doorway. come and follow me. wow. wow! takes us past our bathroom. is this a bath? that is a nice, big bath. the building is meant to evoke memories of an old stone—built nunnery that once stood here, but it does stand out a bit when compared with its brick—built neighbours. one member of the local preservation society described it as an alien blob. and the council wanted it demolished. the long, legal battle to keep the wrecking ball away has been won. but it has left its scars. was there a moment when you thought you wish you had never started this? of course.
sorry, you want me to elaborate, obviously. yes, you have moments of doubt. obviously it would have been far easier to do nothing, not attempt to investigate, experiment, innovate, as it were. this really could have been a pile of rubble. i am told by councillors, other councillors and all the legal team involved that it wouldn't have done, but as far as i can tell, if we hadn't fought the appeal, the demolition would have had to be enacted by somebody, even if it wasn't by us. and your feelings now? it is difficult because if you spend two and a half years fighting even after you have won, you are relieved, but that two and a half years of stress structures you in a way, so it is difficult.
our next building is all about a topic that has been very much at the heart of life over the last 12 months or so. key workers. millions of us went out and did our applause on the doorsteps, but that doesn't put a roof over people's heads, does it? we have created a place that has a real sense of community and where the residents can feel they belong to. i'm a director at the architects for the key worker housing at eddington, cambridge. the project consists of ten buildings containing 264 apartment buildings. the focus was on creating spaces between the buildings rather than the buildings.
we created a network of interconnected courtyards. a sequence of spaces of varying character and size responding to the social functions, starting from the public space of the market square through to the much more community focused landscape course. so, the buildings are arranged, they are arranged as friendly spaces, the positioning undercuts that, and we intended to create a sense of intimacy and a sense of a discovery. this project is key for the housing for the university of cambridge�*s
staff and researchers. eddington is a mixture of developments. we have accommodation housing, retail, community centre, school, hotel. the university was set out to develop as an extension of the city of cambridge and give an opportunity for all staff and students to come and live and be part of the success story of the university of cambridge. the development is one of the largest water recycling schemes in the world. all water on the roof is stored and collected and then carried through into the continuation point within the communal landscape court. to achieve the high demands for the daylight means that buildings become quite far apart. the building form is quite simple, one of the challenges was really, for us, to create an intimacy and sense of place. eddington overall is a fabulous concept and i am always bowled over by the fact the university's undertaking this project. the units are well spaced, well thought out, love the design, love the feel of it, it's actually quite a bit
of a luxury to come here every day. when i visited a few months ago during the summer, i saw that the people inhabiting these spaces, picnics, the children's toys were on the ground, there must�*ve been a sense of security there and people really inhabiting the spaces. that was the main focus for this project, but also that is what it gives this project focus in terms of meaning. all of these buildings have a degree of drama about them, but one in particular is all about heritage, history and myth, and the issue is, how do you build something and not spoil the magic? when we proposed it to english heritage, i never thought they would accept, but sometimes the crazy ideas are actually the best ideas. my name is william matthews, and along with my colleagues from ney & partners, we were the engineers and designers
of the tintagel castle footbridge. the footbridge reconnects the two sides of a medieval castle built in the 12th century, mainland ward and island ward where connected by rock which has since eroded away and the bridge recreates that link between the two sides. one of the key drivers behind the project was to improve accessibility to the site. one of the major problems at tintagel is this incredibly rocky landscape. we wanted to be able to get lots of people here who could not get here before, because there were so many steps up to the island, a lot of people could not because they had bad knees, used wheelchairs or whatever it was. now we have essentially step—free access right from the car park all the way through onto the site, and it was so satisfying on the opening day to see literally
a queue of wheelchair users from the local village queueing up to be the first person to cross the bridge and onto the island, something that they might not have done for many years. in my mind, this was a textbook example of how you should design a major piece of engineering in a really sensitive heritage site. we can look at lots of designs for bridges that would actually have to go through the archaeology on the surface of the island. the elegance of this solution is it is anchored into the rock on either side below the sensitive archaeology, very clever. the materials we used were important notjust structurally, but also how it will tie into the landscape, the situation. for the bridge deck we have used mined slate, mined from the quarry just two miles away. 40,000 hand—split and hand—cut slates have been laid on edge like after eight mints.
one word that encapsulates the building is, it is not a very architectural word, but it is fun and the kind of project you can see so easily on the faces of users, and the enjoyment they are getting from the project and that is extremely gratifying. and now ourfinal building. our mosque in cambridge. when i first walked in, i think you first enter up the stairs through the car park and you see the sweeping pillars, it is breathtaking, to be honest. the puzzle here was to try to create something that created a sense of awe, spirituality, but didn't dominate this cambridge street. so set back behind the greenery, the building slowly reveals itself as you walk towards it. the inspiration? garden paradise.
everything around us is wood, then? yes. a, everything around us is wood, then? yes. �* ., everything around us is wood, then? yes. ., , yes. a low carbon building, then? exactl , yes. a low carbon building, then? exactly. one _ yes. a low carbon building, then? exactly. one of— yes. a low carbon building, then? exactly, one of the _ yes. a low carbon building, then? exactly, one of the central- yes. a low carbon building, then? exactly, one of the central tenant| exactly, one of the central tenant of the design was that we should sign something that was both buyer and mentally sustainable but socially sustainable.- socially sustainable. socially sustainable? _ socially sustainable. socially sustainable? yes, _ socially sustainable. socially sustainable? yes, the - socially sustainable. socially - sustainable? yes, the involvement of the community _ sustainable? yes, the involvement of the community was _ sustainable? yes, the involvement of the community was very _ sustainable? yes, the involvement of the community was very important i the community was very important too, that the building should sit comfortably in its community, so this was a competition in 2009 and members of the community, non—muslim members, were invited to be part of the process of choosing the architect. so they were involved from the early stages. but architect. so they were involved from the early stages.— from the early stages. but this isn't “ust from the early stages. but this isn't just about _ from the early stages. but this isn'tjust about sustainability. l from the early stages. but this | isn'tjust about sustainability. it isn't just about sustainability. it isn't just about sustainability. it is also a place designed to be welcoming to women. ﬁne is also a place designed to be welcoming to women. one other the thins welcoming to women. one other the things working _ welcoming to women. one other the things working here _ welcoming to women. one other the things working here you _ welcoming to women. one other the things working here you see - welcoming to women. one other the things working here you see is - things working here you see is predominantly people coming through the day over than to pray a women
and children. polls put out to ask women, how much would you like there to be a separation if any at all? so the barriers offer different heights, some are from hip to toe, one to waste level, and one section where there is no barrier at all. even when women come now, they often come to the office and ask or ask if they are uncomfortable, they say, where is the women's section? because they are used to going around the back upstairs, but the fact that women can come through the main entrance as well with men, they have their own prayer hall and disabled toilets and baby changing facilities, everything is brought out for men and women and that is so liberating, just to come to a space thatis liberating, just to come to a space that is open and accessible. beauty of cambridge _ that is open and accessible. beauty of cambridge mosque _ that is open and accessible. beauty of cambridge mosque there - that is open and accessible. beauty of cambridge mosque there for- that is open and accessible. beauty| of cambridge mosque there for you.
we have seen six buildings, but there is one question left. who has won? we need to go to an awards ceremony. and so to coventry cathedral, the uk's city of culture and the chair of this year's jewelry? one of the giants of global architecture, lord foster.— architecture, lord foster. wanted eve bod architecture, lord foster. wanted everybody to _ architecture, lord foster. wanted everybody to be — architecture, lord foster. wanted everybody to be a _ architecture, lord foster. wanted everybody to be a winner, - architecture, lord foster. wanted everybody to be a winner, but, i everybody to be a winner, but, finally, after hours, hours of agonising discussion, we concluded as a team that the winner was about the future, it was about younger generations, first—generation students, and that of course leads us to the town house by grafton architects. applause kingston town house, a building with
a purpose, to make university life open, accessible, collaborative, social, receiving the award. and we have to win out with us now. gerard from grafton architects, congratulations, must be a good feeling? a congratulations, must be a good feelina? . ., , ., feeling? a astonishing, we are deliahted feeling? a astonishing, we are delighted we _ feeling? a astonishing, we are delighted we won _ feeling? a astonishing, we are delighted we won this - feeling? a astonishing, we are delighted we won this prize. i delighted we won this prize. particularly for the university because _ particularly for the university because this is something that is so important. — because this is something that is so important, that we speak about what university _ important, that we speak about what university education is about. one ofthe university education is about. (me: of the extraordinary things university education is about. iez of the extraordinary things is the client as much as anything, because they had this strange vision about inviting in the public, getting the library and dance studios together, trying to create a sort of social hub will stop— trying to create a sort of social hub will stop exactly, they were lookin: hub will stop exactly, they were looking for _ hub will stop exactly, they were looking for a — hub will stop exactly, they were looking for a showpiece - hub will stop exactly, they were j looking for a showpiece building hub will stop exactly, they were - looking for a showpiece building and that meant not that it was to show off the _ that meant not that it was to show off the building, but revealed what was happening in the building to
passers—by outside. do was happening in the building to passers-by outside.— was happening in the building to passers-by outside. do you think this is about _ passers-by outside. do you think this is about changing _ passers-by outside. do you think this is about changing the - passers-by outside. do you think this is about changing the way i passers-by outside. do you think this is about changing the way a l this is about changing the way a university education might be? many students are not from a university background, their parents did not 90. background, their parents did not go, they are often first—generation. it is quite inviting stop go, they are often first-generation. it is quite inviting stop— it is quite inviting stop absolutely and --eole it is quite inviting stop absolutely and people must— it is quite inviting stop absolutely and people must feel— it is quite inviting stop absolutely and people must feel at - it is quite inviting stop absolutely and people must feel at home i it is quite inviting stop absolutely and people must feel at home noj and people must feel at home no matter... — and people must feel at home no matter... that is what struck us about _ matter... that is what struck us about the — matter... that is what struck us about the university, it is so culturally— about the university, it is so culturally diverse and we must think about— culturally diverse and we must think about integrating so many people in different— about integrating so many people in different ways so they feel comfortable. if it is a gender or race _ comfortable. if it is a gender or race or— comfortable. if it is a gender or race or about culture or religion, they— race or about culture or religion, they all— race or about culture or religion, they all feel they should belong. it is like _ they all feel they should belong. it is like a _ they all feel they should belong. it is like a little world, really, a complete _ is like a little world, really, a complete little world. so you can find people who are like you who can speak— find people who are like you who can speak to _ find people who are like you who can speak to you in this building. thank ou ve speak to you in this building. thank you very much _ speak to you in this building. thank you very much indeed, _ you very much indeed, congratulations stop the winner of this year's riba stirling prize is kingston town house, grafton architects, and talking to them,
they said one measure would be looking at how many chance encounters, casual conversations, smiles, how much laughter was in the building and a building that is a celebration of togetherness. it feels a fitting winner of this year's riba stirling prize for building of the year. with that, thank you. hello, still no major weather hazards but some areas of messiness and some rain and spray from this system pushing across southern england, wales, the midlands, patchy rain. the brightest skies in northern scotland, but coldest here and wintry showers around in the northern ireland especially. overnight and into christmas day, the rain reading north, snow in the
higher part of the pennines, heavier bursts of rain in south—west england, south—west wales, perhaps a rumble of thunder. the clearest skies as christmas day begins are in scotland but down to —6 in some spots. a fewer bright spells in northern england, the rest of england, wales, northern england cloudy and outbreaks of rain edging further north. quite a chilly christmas day. so developing into snowdonia, the peak district overnight and into boxing day in northern ireland and perhaps into southern scotland too.
this is bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in the uk and around the world. i'm martine croxall — our top stories: new figures show the staggering rise of covid infections in the uk — in london, its estimated i in 20 people would have tested positive last week. at least 39 people are killed — after a packed ferry caught fire in southern bangladesh. south korea's former president park geun—hye, jailed for 22 years on corruption charges, is to be pardoned by the government. the little town of bethlehem marks christmas eve — in a year where tourism has been blighted by covid. in her first christmas broadcast since the death of prince philip, the queen is expected to give a very personal address tomorrow.