welcome to bbc news — i'm david eades. our top stories: we will be free! the tributes flow for archbishop desmond tutu after his death at the age of 90. he was a man of unwavering courage, of principled conviction and whose life was spent in the service of others. the israeli government approves a plan to double the number of settlers in the golan heights — regarded by much of the world as occupied territory. a covid vaccine mandate for all private companies comes into force in new york city — the first of its kind in the united states.
leaders from around the world have been paying tribute to desmond tutu one of the heroes of the anti—apartheid movement, who's died at the age of 90. president biden praised the courage and moral clarity of the former archbishop of cape town. the un secretary general, antonio guterres, called him an inspiration to generations. our africa correspondent andrew harding looks back at his life. raise our hands and we say we will be free! desmond tutu was an exuberant figure, an outspoken anglican priest who became one of the world's great moral voices. it was during south africa's long and violent struggle against white minority rule that he rose to prominence, condemning the apartheid government,
comparing them to the nazis. the system of this country, apartheid, is immoral. the system of this country is evil. with nelson mandela hidden away in prison, tutu soon became the face of south africa's struggle for freedom and forjustice. he leaves behind a legacy, one of the last of the generation of people who told us that apartheid was wrong and stood up for human rights everywhere. and he never stopped doing that. in 1994, tutu was awarded the nobel peace prize and he used his global platform to criticise britain and america for being too soft on the apartheid government. eventually mandela was released, but the advent of democracy presented tutu with new challenges in a country that he now dubbed "the rainbow nation". often in tears, tutu presided over south africa's truth
and reconciliation commission, seeking to expose and to heal the wounds of apartheid. he specialised in forgiveness, but with accountability. and that pursuit ofjustice continued, especially when south africa's democratic politicians plunged into corruption. i am warning you that we will pray as we prayed for the downfall of the apartheid government, we will pray for the downfall of a government that misrepresents us. inevitably, desmond tutu made enemies, but his genius was for winning people over, one could say for provoking love. he certainly wants that when he dies the epitaph will be very clear —
that desmond tutu loved, he laughed, he cried, and that is what he was, he was always a man of tremendous joy. the one thing that helps desmond tutu stand out and occupy this unique place in south african history is that he was there at every step of the way through this country's tortuous journey from apartheid to democracy and beyond, with that clear, moral, often angry, sometimes laughing voice, a man defined above all by his sense of hope. flags will fly at half—mast across south africa with a week of tributes being organised to remember archbishop tutu — or �*arch�* as he liked to be known. his funeral will take place on the first of january. many south africans have been gathering outside his homes in cape town and soweto to lay wreaths and light candles. our correspondent nomsa maseko reports from soweto.
paying their last respects, people from all walks of life dropped off flowers here at desmond tutu's soweto home, demonstrating what the 90—year—old stood for. he was the voice of reason, the face of reconciliation and south africa's moral compass. this is a dark day to us south africans because he is the light and the icon of this country. he used to be a father to us, his wife used to be a mother to us. it was desmond tutu, known affectionately as "the arch", who coined the phrase "rainbow nation" to describe south africa's ethnic diversity. more than any other, you know sometimes when you have some problems, you just go to him and he willjust give you a prayer and you go to the chapel and hear him pray for us every day when we have problems. several memorial services are expected to be held
in honour of desmond tutu over the next few days. for people here in soweto, they remember the arch as a unifying figure who played a prominent role in south africa becoming a democracy. flowers were laid in cape town too where he died at his home surrounded by family and friends. a seven—day send—off is being planned, including a lying in state and a mass to be held by the anglican church. nomsa maseko, bbc news, soweto. charlayne hunter—gault is an american journalist and author, who got to know archbishop tutu and interviewed him many times. she spoke of her memories of those moments. he was such a warm person. in fact there was even a time when i was moderating a programme by an organisation that worked to help south africans get in control of their finances and so forth, shared interest it was called.
he was being honoured and i was moderating and at some point he just jumped up and walked onstage and started singing happy birthday to me. that is the kind of guy he was. even though there had been times when i interviewed him and i asked him tough questions. some younger people do not appreciate the way that the truth and reconciliation commission is working or honouring them. but he was just someone who could relate to everybody, no matter what their political positions or what their professional positions were. he was just somebody who had a capacity to feel compassion for everybody and people who had mistreated his own people. i want to come back to the truth and reconciliation commission injust a moment but you pre—empted me because i think we have a bit of his
rendition for your birthday greetings. i want to show the viewers that first. let's just play that. # happy birthday to you. # happy birthday dear charlene # happy birthday to you! he did not do things by halves, did he? he enjoyed it as much as you still enjoy it now. let me bring you onto that, to the point that interests me about the truth and reconciliation commission. because for all of the things and the extraordinary work he did in terms of anti—apartheid efforts, that commission seem to be a message to a world who were wondering if this could possibly work
and he had to hold that on his shoulders. that been quite a burden. it was, no doubt a burden but you never knew that when you watched him in action. because his philosophy while he was very antagonistic... i wouldn't say antagonistic but he wanted the change in the society to reflect all of its people in equal proportion. he nevertheless wanted to bring those who had opposed that idea into, into the country and into his idea of how south africa should be. and so even though he had to deal with people who had been extremely difficult and horrible, actually,
to so many of his own people, that was a part of his, i don't know, a part of his philosophy that you can forgive people if they show a need to be forgiven and that was what the point of the truth and reconciliation commission was about. on that level it would be fair to say that the man over your shoulder they are, nelson mandela, and desmond tutu very much fell in line on that message. but they had to accommodate each other as well as a bit, didn't they? i am sorry? that was the thing about his ability to communicate with all people including those who believed in what he believed in, socialjustice and equality for everyone. but he never hesitated to tell anybody, including nelson mandela
if he did not think that the positions they were taking were right and i think that what cause people like nelson mandela, one of the greats of our time, to listen to him was that they appreciated that he, that he understood people, our people, and that it was important to bring in even people who had been, who had opposed equality for all. and so even when he had to speak to nelson mandela in an honest way to say, well, i do not quite agree with you, the position that he had taken over the years had enabled him to take that kind of role and be respect for it. he was known for speaking truth to power, wasn't he? let me just ask you this a last thought, he is one of the great iconic figures of the time. his passing does mark the end of an era, i think, for many people
in terms of south africa and the extraordinary journey that the country has been on. do you look to the future with a sense of foreboding, perhaps, that people like archbishop tutu are no longer here? no. because i have been through periods in my own life when we have had to challenge things that were not appropriate to equality for all people and yet we overcame and so i think that the message that we should take away from archbishop tutu's life is that you have to do, in the words of nelson mandela and also in the words of various civil rights leaders like martin luther king, you have to keep on keeping on and i think that is the legacy of someone like archbishop tutu who has confronted the worst things in his life and in
the life of his people and people all over the world. you have to keep on keeping on and believing in humanity in all of its aspects. let's get some of the day's other news. a fire has caused widespread damage at a major shopping centre in the nigerian capital, abuja. a huge column of black smoke rose over next cash and carry. an eyewitness told reporters that firefighters arrived two hours after the blaze broke out. the cause of the fire is unknown. there are no reports of any casualties. two dams have collapsed in northeastern brazil, bringing further severe flooding to the state of bahia after weeks of heavy rain. residents were evacuated near the igua dam in southern bahia on saturday night, as swollen rivers forced the structure to give way. on sunday rising waters
overwhelmed another dam further north. people in more than 100 cities in the philippines are without power, following typhoon rai — which ripped through the country ten days ago. disaster officials warn it may take till february to restore all electricity supplies. tens of thousands of homes were damaged and there's still a lack of food and clean water. 378 people are now known to have been killed by the typhoon. israel's government has approved a $300 million plan to consolidate its control of the golan heights. this area is regarded by most of the world as occupied territory. it was captured from syria during the six—day war more than half a century ago and later annexed. the israeli prime minister, naftali bennett, told a special cabinet meeting held in the golan that the aim was to double thejewish population there to nearly 50,00 within the next few years. translation: first, it must be said, - the golan heights are israel's.
there is no doubt about it. israeli law has been applied here since 1981. it's beyond all debate. trump administration first recognised this, and now, biden administration has made it clear that there is no change in this policy. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: christmas in colombia — how the salsa dancers have been able to return to the streets once more. the most ambitious financial and political change ever attempted has got under way with the introduction of the euro. tomorrow in holland, we're going to use money we picked up in belgium today. and then we'll be in france and again, it will be the same money. it's just got to be the way to go.
george harrison, the former beatle, is recovering in hospital after being stabbed at his oxfordshire home. a 33—year—old man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted murder. i think it was good. reporter: it wasjust good? no — fantastic! that's better! big ben bongs this is bbc news. the latest headlines. the tributes are flowing for archbishop desmond tutu, who has died at the age of 90. the nobel laureate was a veteran of south africa's struggle against apartheid.
the israeli government has approved a plan to double the number of settlers in the golan heights, regarded by much of the world as occupied territory. a covid vaccine mandate for all private companies comes into force in new york city on monday. the measure, which is the first in the us, applies to about 184,000 businesses. there is no weekly testing option. children between the ages of five and 11 are required to show proof of vaccination to access indoor dining, as well as fitness and entertainment venues. it is quite a step. let's bring in dr danielle ompad, associate professor of epidemiology at the new york university's school of global public health. thank you very much indeed for joining us. it's pretty controversial, contentious. do you think it is being accepted?
i think it is being accepted in some circles. we actually have pretty high vaccination rate in the city. but there is definitely pushback and, you know, as an epidemiologist who has watched this pandemic from the beginning, i am has watched this pandemic from the beginning, iam happy has watched this pandemic from the beginning, i am happy to see vaccine mandates for people in congregant settings does make restaurants and gatherings— because i'm really worried about the pandemic continuing. worried about the pandemic continuing-— worried about the pandemic continuinu. , ., ~' continuing. right, you think it should be _ continuing. right, you think it should be more _ continuing. right, you think it should be more targeted, - continuing. right, you think it l should be more targeted, then, in terms of the mandate because as you point out there are those who will provide pushback, as you put it. we are hitting the deadline now and i suppose you just have to wait to see how many people are prepared to go through with this. . , ., prepared to go through with this. ., ~ ., this. yeah, you know, i actually _ this. yeah, you know, i actually think— this. yeah, you know, i actually think at - this. yeah, you know, i actually think at least l this. yeah, you know, i i actually think at least two dosesis actually think at least two doses is a good idea and we know that immunity begins to wane after six months after the second dose so i actually anticipate that boosters may be mandated as well.—
mandated as well. crosstalk. sor , mandated as well. crosstalk. sorry. you _ mandated as well. crosstalk. sorry. you are _ mandated as well. crosstalk. sorry, you are anticipating, - sorry, you are anticipating, you would support it as well, presumably?— presumably? yeah! because auain, i presumably? yeah! because again. i don't— presumably? yeah! because again, i don't want - presumably? yeah! because again, i don't want the - again, i don't want the hospital is full and i don't want my neighbours to die from overhead. ,, ,, �* want my neighbours to die from overhead. ,, ,, ~ , ., overhead. crosstalk. is that the message _ overhead. crosstalk. is that the message does _ overhead. crosstalk. is that the message does make - overhead. crosstalk. is that the message does make sorryj overhead. crosstalk. is that i the message does make sorry to keep interrupting you does make is that the message were getting in terms of hospitalisation? getting in terms of hositalisation? ~ �* ., hospitalisation? we're not seeinu hospitalisation? we're not seeing as _ hospitalisation? we're not seeing as many _ hospitalisation? we're not seeing as many in - hospitalisation? we're not seeing as many in new - hospitalisation? we're not i seeing as many in new york hospitalisation? we're not - seeing as many in new york as we are seeing some other places but there is concern about that, obviously. now, my personal circle is filled with people who are focused on public health so our internal conversations are a little bit different from the general population but even among some of my friends and family, they are pretty pleased to see the encouragement to get vaccinated because they want to get on with their lives.— because they want to get on with their lives. what do you think - this _ with their lives. what do you think - this is _ with their lives. what do you think - this is a _ with their lives. what do you think - this is a question - with their lives. what do you think - this is a question you think — this is a question you must have been asked thousands of times — what do you think you can say to those who really do resist the idea of being
vaccinated and certainly would resist a mandate to say sorry, you've got to do — what do you say to them? you've got to do - what do you say to them?— say to them? you know, i understand _ say to them? you know, i understand that _ say to them? you know, i understand that people i say to them? you know, i - understand that people dumping like told what to do. generally, i don't like being told what to do either. —— don't like being told. if we don't like being told. if we don't work together on this pandemic and right now it means masking and vaccination, then this is going to keep happening. quite frankly, i'm not prepared to lose anybody else. neighbours, friends, family, fellow citizens of the world. it's time for us to pull together and bring this to an end and we can only do that together. end and we can only do that together-— end and we can only do that toiether. . ,, ., ,., ., ,, together. talk about working together. — together. talk about working together. you _ together. talk about working together, you are _ together. talk about working together, you are just - together. talk about working together, you are just about| together. talk about working l together, you are just about to jump together, you are just about to jump from one new york mayor to another, do you have confidence there is a sort of uniformity of approach now? i there is a sort of uniformity of approach now?— there is a sort of uniformity of approach now? i really hope so. i'm of approach now? i really hope so- i'm very — of approach now? i really hope so. i'm very hopeful— of approach now? i really hope so. i'm very hopeful that - of approach now? i really hope so. i'm very hopeful that our i so. i'm very hopeful that our new mayor will continue with policies that ugly aimed at
getting the pandemic under control in new york and elsewhere.— control in new york and elsewhere. ., ,, , ., , . elsewhere. thank you very much indeed for _ elsewhere. thank you very much indeed for your _ elsewhere. thank you very much indeed for your views, _ elsewhere. thank you very much indeed for your views, dr - indeed for your views, dr danielle ompad, joining us from new york. thank you.— danielle ompad, joining us from new york. thank you. the bodies of 16 iraqi kurds who drowned when their inflatable boat sank last month in the channel while trying to reach england have been returned to iraq and buried in irbil. at least 30 died in the incident. according to the un, migrant deaths have continued to rise in 2021, reaching 4,470, but the organization warned the final toll is likely to be much higher. the bbc�*s azadeh moshiri reports. a community in morning. clutching a coffin carrying one of their own. the bodies of 16 iraqi kurds who drowned in the channel were finally returned to iraq. nearly one month after
their boat sank, killing them and at least 14 others. translation: and at least 14 others. tuna/mom- and at least 14 others. translation: ~ ., , ., translation: we iraqis and kurds have — translation: we iraqis and kurds have no-one _ translation: we iraqis and kurds have no-one here - translation: we iraqis and kurds have no-one here who | translation: we iraqis and | kurds have no-one here who is kurds have no—one here who is at peace. everyone on iraq soil is not at all at peace with their lives. the kurdish government and iraqi government should stop this exodus. and the youth should not be risk —— pushed to risk their lives like this. �* ,, �* pushed to risk their lives like this. �* . �* s, pushed to risk their lives like this-_ 5. this i pushed to risk their lives like i this._ 5, this was this. translation: 5, this was a family of— this. translation: 5, this was a family of four, _ this. translation: 5, this was a family of four, a _ this. translation: 5, this was a family of four, a mother- this. translation: 5, this was a family of four, a mother and l a family of four, a mother and her three _ a family of four, a mother and her three children who wanted to migrate and have a better life — to migrate and have a better life it — to migrate and have a better life it is _ to migrate and have a better life it is a _ to migrate and have a better life. it is a tragedy they met their— life. it is a tragedy they met their end _ life. it is a tragedy they met their end up c.— their end up c. the un says this was— their end up c. the un says this was the _ their end up c. the un says this was the largest - their end up c. the un says this was the largest single i this was the largest single loss of life in the channel since the agency started recording migrants deaths eight years ago. but tragedies like these have not stopped more migrants from fleeing hardship. at least 30 migrants have died from boat accidents in greece this last week. as they risked their lives travelling on overcrowded and unreliable
boats. and on saturday, the bodies of 28 migrants washed up on libya's western coast. their lives taken on one of the most dangerous routes for migrants, from libya to italy. overall, at least 4470 migrants died this year because of these dangerous journeys, this year because of these dangerousjourneys, more than dangerous journeys, more than the dangerousjourneys, more than the 4236 lives lost in 2020. that's why the international organization for migration is calling for urgent action from states, asking for increasing search and rescue efforts, establishing predictable disembarkation mechanisms, and ensuring access to safe and legal migration pathways. the un agency is warning that until these steps are taken, more lives will be lost. azadeh moshiri, bbc news. you don't need me to tell you
that the pandemic has caused, well, it has had a huge impact on social and cultural events over the course of the last two years. music festivals were cancelled, film premieres were postponed. for some, things are getting back to normal — or near to normal. that's certainly true in colombia, where a very important event has resumed. the bbc�*s tim allman explains. in the south—western city of calais, this is how they do christmas. a spectacle of colour and dance the call this the opening of the cali fare. more than 60 years they have come here to dance and dance and danced some more. a celebration of the region's cultural identity, said to promote ethnic and musical diversity. everyone gets
involved, no matter what their age. but last year, the cali fare was cancelled, covid bringing the music to a halt. so this year, they are making up so this year, they are making up for lost time. the attention to detail is obvious. the excitement of the crowds even more so. these celebrations will continue throughout the week and the dancing will not stop. the people of cali, now more than ever, the show really must go on. tim allman, bbc news. i want to close with some pictures in australia. unusually rough waves and high winds in the waters off south—eastern australia have forced a quarter of the sailing boats competing in the annual sydney to hobart yacht race to withdraw. of the 88 vessels that set out on sunday morning, just 64 are left to battle out
the final 800 or so kilometres to tasmania. the event was cancelled last year for the first time since it began in 1945 because of the pandemic. hello there. a few of us got to see a white christmas but, for many more, it was too mild for snow. we had a lot of mist and murk and we had some outbreaks of rain. this stripe of cloud on the satellite picture brought rain and some hill snow in the north during boxing day. there's more cloud and rain waiting in the wings down to the south—west. but the big story, i think, for this week will be this surge of very, very mild air wafting up from the south, affecting all parts of the uk as we move towards the end of 2021. it will be turning increasingly mild this week, but with some wind and rain at times. now, many of us will start off monday with some cloud, some mist and fog, some quite murky conditions again. rain into the south—west of england which will push northwards towards parts of wales, the midlands and east anglia through
the day, tending to weaken as it goes. elsewhere, some of the mist and fog and cloud will tend to lift and break and we will see some spells of sunshine in the far north of england, northern ireland and scotland, albeit with some showers in the far north. temperatures ranging from 6 degrees in aberdeen to 12 in plymouth through the afternoon. and then through monday night, a bit more rain potentially down towards the south. another lump of wet weather starting to push into northern ireland, parts of northern england, southern scotland. the winds will start to pick up down towards the south and the west as well. very mild in the south. a little bit chilly up towards the north. and then, as we go through tuesday, this area of wet weather will spread out of northern ireland into southern scotland, northern england, parts of wales, perhaps into the midlands as well. we will see some sunny spells to the far north and to the far south but it will be really quite windy across parts of england and wales. some of these western coasts could see gusts of 40 to maybe 50 mph. quite mild in the south — 12 degrees. further north, a little bit cooler but those temperatures still quite respectable for the time of year. however, there is even
milder weather on the way. as we move out of tuesday into wednesday, we see this next frontal system pushing in from the south—west, a band of rain that'll drive its way north—eastwards, some snow for a time over high ground in scotland, but this will mostly be rain because that mild air will be working its way in. temperatures down towards the south on wednesday afternoon up to 16, maybe 17 degrees. still a little bit chilly for some northern areas but as we move towards the end of the week and the end of the year, that mild weather spreads to all parts. there will still be some rain at times.
this is bbc news, the headlines: leaders from around the world have been paying tribute to desmond tutu — one of the heroes of the anti—apartheid movement — who's died at the age of 90. president biden praised his courage and the un secretary general, antonio guterres, called him an inspiration to generations. israel's government has approved a $300 million plan to consolidate its control of the golan heights. this area is regarded by most of the world as occupied territory. the israeli prime minister, naftali bennett, told a special cabinet meeting that the aim was to double thejewish population there within the next few years. a covid vaccine mandate for all private companies comes into force in new york city. it's the first of its kind in the united states and applies to about 184 thousand businesses. children as young as five are also required to show proof of vaccination to access certain venues.