welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: 10 million people have now fled their homes in ukraine since the start of russia's invasion — nearly a quarter of the population. millions of them are children, some of whom escaped from the besieged city of mariupol and are left with life—changing injuries. all of these are victims of russian attacks. it is notjust the physical injuries. many of these children have deep psychological trauma that they will perhaps never get over. russia's deadline for the defenders of mariupol to lay down their arms comes and goes, but there's no sign of surrender. and the legacy of war.
we examine how this conflict could be redrawing the world as we know it. ukraine has a population of aound 44 million. of that number, 10 million people have been forced out of their homes in just over three weeks of russian attacks. that's the latest figure released by the united nations, amounting to nearly a quarter of the country's entire population. most of them — some 6 to 7 million — are still within ukraine's borders, having left places like mariupol, the southern city which has been under ferocious attack day after day. as for those still there, russia has now given them a deadline of 5:00am local time to surrender and leave. that applies to soldiers and to civilians. ukraine's deputy prime minister has said there can be "no
question" of that. wyre davies sent this report. this is what vladimir putin's war has done to the children of ukraine. in his hospital bed, little artem stares into emptiness. the russian shell that blasted shrapnel into his belly also wounded his parents and grandparents as they fled from mariupol. a victim of the war and not yet three years old. next to artem, 15—year—old masha, also from near mariupol. her right leg amputated after being torn apart by the blast from a russian shell last tuesday. she and artem, in some senses, are lucky. they've been evacuated to the city of zaporizhzhia. 0ther victims, adults and children, died where they fell in the streets. these are just some of the hundreds of casualties of what's been happening in mariupol and the surrounding region.
all of these are victims of russian attacks. it's notjust the physical injuries, though. many of these children have deep psychological trauma that they will perhaps never get over. these doctors and the children's surviving relatives asked us to tell their stories. dryuri borzenko, head of the children's hospital, can't hide his contempt for what russia has done. translation: i hate russia. the girl who lost her leg was so traumatised she wouldn't eat or drink for days. she couldn't mentally handle it. we had to feed her intravenously. another boy, a six—year—old with shrapnel in his skull, described without tears or emotion watching his mother burn to death in their car after it was hit. he then said, "dad, buy me a mum, i want someone to walk me to school." what is happening in mariupol is a humanitarian disaster,
even perhaps a war crime. 90% of the buildings have been damaged or destroyed in blanket russian shelling. after last week's destruction of a theatre where more than 1000 people were said to be sheltering, reports that an art school with more than 400 people inside has also been attacked. at the hospital, vladimir wanted to tell me about his daughter natasha and his granddaughter domenica, whose picture he almost caressed on his phone. they were both killed by a russian shell inside mariupol. translation: i ran up to my granddaughter, l and i'm screaming, "domenica, domenica." but there she lies. i then rushed to natasha, grabbing whatever i can find, a scarf, to bandage her legs. vladimir, whose other daughter
is still in a serious condition, knows he has to try and stay strong. he sobs. "god, why would you bring this all upon me?" he says. "my lovely girls, i failed to protect you." wyre davies, bbc news, zaporizhzhia desperate enough in mariupol, but in the last few minutes a deadline set by russia for ukrainian soldiers and civilians in the city to lay down their arms has now passed. the ukrainian city is not going to comply with that deadline, because moscow says if they comply with that deadline by sam local time they would open 5am local time they would open humanitarian corridors. these
descent is in kyiv. —— lyce doucet. descent is in kyiv. -- lyce doucet— doucet. this is the kind of russian — doucet. this is the kind of russian policy _ doucet. this is the kind of russian policy we - doucet. this is the kind of russian policy we talk - doucet. this is the kind of. russian policy we talk about, trying to start a sub —— city into submission. the russian order also said that if the troops and civilians leave, suddenly the humanitarian corridors open to go east to west, suddenly the which the russian forces have not been allowing to enter city will be allowed to enter, in other words, you will be able to get the kind of relief that we have denied you for the past three weeks. but militarily, the ukrainian officials in the city said yesterday it is a question of numbers. we are fighting in the city centre now, what is left of it. they have far more troops than us. if and when mariupol falls, what will be the next target. what about the capital kyiv, on a night when we see far more explosions? we understand a shopping mall, a building, a fuel station, may have been hit. there has been
lots of return fire by the ukrainians. a reminder that the ukrainians. a reminder that the ukrainians are fighting back, but the russians are still attacking. but the russians are still attacking-— but the russians are still attackina. . , . attacking. that was lyce doucet in k iv. attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv- in _ attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv- in the — attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv. in the past— attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv. in the past hour- attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv. in the past hour or- attacking. that was lyce doucet in kyiv. in the past hour or so i in kyiv. in the past hour or so we have received pictures based on exactly what she was talking about, some of those attacks hitting kyiv. the mayor of the city, vitali klitschko, sent from these blasts a number of houses were hit, shopping centre as well, and there were some large explosions rocking the city. firefighters scrambling to rescue people stranded in the rubble. we understand at least one person was killed in that attack. the government in ukraine has said nearly 4000 people who have enabled to get out of the port city of mariupol, and there are plans to send around 50 buses to evacuate more residence in the course of monday. plans like that haven't always worked out in the past, i think it is
important to make that point. our correspondence has been 0ur correspondence has been having a look at efforts to get people out, actually. the numbers of displaced is huge. it whether they are leaving the country are in fact having to stay in the country.- stay in the country. that is ri . ht, stay in the country. that is right. 10 — stay in the country. that is right, 10 million _ stay in the country. that is right, 10 million have - stay in the country. that is right, 10 million have had| stay in the country. that is i right, 10 million have had to leave their homes across ukraine, 3.5 million so far have managed to escape the country. we have not seems like —— seen scenes like this in europe since the second world war. it is important to remember, before these people became refugees, they were accountants, bookkeepers, shop workers, who are all now having to leave their lives behind. 0ne to leave their lives behind. one who made it to poland is 0ksana who lived in the city of michelago in the south of ukraine with herfamily, but after days of constant shelling she managed to get out and escape. didn't have a bombproof shelter, so we had to hide in a seller, — shelter, so we had to hide in a seller, in—
shelter, so we had to hide in a seller, in a _ shelter, so we had to hide in a seller, in a shed, where we capped _ seller, in a shed, where we capped potatoes. so actually, it isn't— capped potatoes. so actually, it isn't very safe a space to hide — it isn't very safe a space to hide anyway. we spend so much time _ hide anyway. we spend so much time there, almost half a day or sometimes more underground, sometimes — or sometimes more underground, sometimes during the day, sometimes during the day, sometimes at night. so we could hardly— sometimes at night. so we could hardly eat — sometimes at night. so we could hardly eat or sleep. and despite _ hardly eat or sleep. and despite those _ hardly eat or sleep. ﬁfic despite those dangerous conditions, you heard there, 0ksana managed to escape with her family, 0ksana managed to escape with herfamily, the city 0ksana managed to escape with her family, the city she lives in is between two rivers and for several hours a day the bridges lifted and cars are able to pass. fortunately she managed to escape, but like many she had to leave her husband behind, he will now stay in ukraine and fight for his country. h0 stay in ukraine and fight for his country-— stay in ukraine and fight for his count . ., ., _ ., ., his country. no easy way around this, is there? _ his country. no easy way around this, is there? we _ his country. no easy way around this, is there? we were - his country. no easy way around this, is there? we were talking l this, is there? we were talking about mariupol and the deadline moscow imposed, 5am local time, get out or else, is basically the message. it has onlyjust gone five o'clock. tell us what the government is saying, it
gives us an idea as to what is or is not going to happen, really. or is not going to happen, reall . �* , , . really. as we expected, the government _ really. as we expected, the government has _ really. as we expected, the government has rejected i really. as we expected, the i government has rejected that ultimatum. ukraine's deputy prime minister has told local media that can be no question of any surrender and they have already informed the russian side about this. what now for those living in mariupol? the secretary general of the refugee council has told us many lessons can be learned from the situation in syria, which of course has experienced 11 years of civil war. it is madness. _ 11 years of civil war. it is madness, to _ 11 years of civil war. it is madness, to take - 11 years of civil war. it is madness, to take the i 11 years of civil war. it is i madness, to take the war 11 years of civil war. it is - madness, to take the war into the cities _ madness, to take the war into the cities. this war is now fighting _ the cities. this war is now fighting street by street in urban_ fighting street by street in urban areas, which means that it becomes a bloodbath, really. there _ it becomes a bloodbath, really. there are — it becomes a bloodbath, really. there are civilians, fields of the brim, _ there are civilians, fields of the brim, in these places, and you cannot, you must not take the water — you cannot, you must not take the water the cities. the second _ the water the cities. the second lesson is that because
it is so— second lesson is that because it is so difficult to take a city _ it is so difficult to take a city fighting street by street and basement by the basement, we may— and basement by the basement, we may see many more besiege months — we may see many more besiege months. . ' . months. that will in effect -revent months. that will in effect prevent supplies - months. that will in effect prevent supplies from - months. that will in effect i prevent supplies from getting in and out of the city, many more people will starve. if it is anything like syria, the fear is that this conflict could go on for years. well, we can no could go on for years. well, we can go back _ could go on for years. well, we can go back to _ could go on for years. well, we can go back to 2014 _ could go on for years. well, we can go back to 2014 in - could go on for years. well, we can go back to 2014 in any - can go back to 2014 in any case, can't we? thank you very much for that, lee. case, can't we? thank you very much forthat, lee. i case, can't we? thank you very much for that, lee. i would like to point out that later in the programme we will be speaking tojulia anderson, a paralegal from speaking tojulia anderson, a paralegalfrom los speaking tojulia anderson, a paralegal from los angeles who has been helping to rescue people who survived the holocaust to live in the ukraine, now from the situation they find themselves faced in today. we will have that in a few moments. it is worth pointing out that the way the war has changed the country is obviously being felt pretty much everywhere. people are
also doing what they can to hold onto their own rituals, their own aspects of normal life, and jeremy bowen centres this report from kyiv. the roar of ukrainian air defence missiles reverberates through kyiv�*s main cemetery. rest in peace. not here, not now. explosions have felled trees and broken headstones. alexander, an army volunteer, was killed fighting the russians five days ago, just before what would have been his 27th birthday. almost no—one at the funeral knew alexander, not the guard of honour or the priest in army green. his commander was the only one from his unit, dressed to go back to the front—line only a few miles away. he said they all had to honour him because alexander's family is not here. his father's in the besieged city of mariupol.
they can't reach him to say his son is dead. before the war, alexander was a children's entertainer and illusionist. he went to the front with no real training and was killed less than two weeks after he signed up. close by, graves of people killed fighting russian—backed separatists since 2014. these days, the sirens feel routine. it's been quieter the last few days here in the city. the analysis — fear, perhaps — is that the russians are gathering their strength, resupplying, trying to reorganise, getting ready to do something else, to push again at kyiv. relative quiet does not mean peace or ceasefire. st volodymyr�*s ukrainian 0rthodox cathedral was heavy
with incense and the pain of war. the orthodox church here broke with moscow in 2018. it was a blow for president putin, who insists that ukrainians and russians are one people in one country who should be in one russian church. jeremy bowen, bbc news, kyiv. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, the dancing duke — the royal tour of the caribbean begins. we report from belize. what will be the legacy of this war? we examine how it could reshape the world in which we live.
this is bbc news — the latest headlines: 10 million people have now fled their homes in ukraine since the start of the war — more than a quarter of the population. russia's deadline for the defenders of mariupol to lay down their arms comes and goes — but there's no sign of surrender. ukraine was home to the biggest jewish population in europe before world war ii. at least 1.5 million of ukraine—based jews were killed during the holocaust and more than 9,900 holocaust survivors were still living in ukraine when russia invaded. now old and frail, it's very difficult for them to leave the country, particularly if they're in cities or zones that are under attack. julia entin, whose grandfather was a holocaust survivor, is co—ordinating efforts to get holocaust survivors out
of ukraine and shejoins me now via skype from los angeles. thank via skype from los angeles. you forjoining us. firs of thank you forjoining us. first of all how many people are we talking about?— talking about? well, europe estimation _ talking about? well, europe estimation is _ talking about? well, europe estimation is pretty - talking about? well, europe estimation is pretty right. talking about? well, europe estimation is pretty right on j estimation is pretty right on point. it's roughly a little bit over 9,000 people. unfortunately not all survivors like to identify themselves as survivors, just like sometimes, people of marginalised communities wouldn't like, especially in the time of war to identify themselves as such because as history tells us, it's kind of like painting a target on yourself. so, we are at this point trying to elevate the voices of the people that are most, the most marginalised, and fortunately i've had the pleasure to do that, through an organisation i
am volunteering with, it is a grassroots organisation, and i am absolutely proud to represent it.— am absolutely proud to reresent it. ., ., , ., represent it. can i ask you, how many _ represent it. can i ask you, how many survivors - represent it. can i ask you, how many survivors of - represent it. can i ask you, how many survivors of the | how many survivors of the holocaust then, you are at the moment actually able to help to move, and to get out of whichever the dangerous spot would be? . it whichever the dangerous spot would be?— would be? , it has specifically heled would be? , it has specifically helped eight _ would be? , it has specifically helped eight holocaust - helped eight holocaust survivors escape out of the country, we have three holocaust bibles that were helping within the country, because not everybody is ready or able to leave off it is very difficult. it or able to leave off it is very difficult. , , , . difficult. it is very difficult to imagine _ difficult. it is very difficult to imagine what - difficult. it is very difficult to imagine what this - difficult. it is very difficult j to imagine what this must difficult. it is very difficult. to imagine what this must be like for somebody, so long ago went through such massive trauma and finds it happening again. how do they cope? this trauma and finds it happening again. how do they cope? as you can imagine _ again. how do they cope? as you can imagine considering - again. how do they cope? as you can imagine considering the - can imagine considering the promise of never again, it has been a difficult time for us
all. forthose been a difficult time for us all. for those that are children, grandchildren and survivors themselves, watching this from abroad. they are absolutely horrified and i have —— i'm not sure they can fully take in the fate that is currently befalling them. and i feel a particular sense of shame, having only been able to help them from here and not be directly with them, although technology has made it significantly easier to provide sport to them, and we are able to constantly keep in contact and make sure they are provided psychological support as well, as any kind of support they request for medicine, or food or water, whatever need that they may have. or water, whatever need that they may have-— they may have. you certainly shouldn't _ they may have. you certainly shouldn't feel _ they may have. you certainly shouldn't feel shame - they may have. you certainly shouldn't feel shame at - they may have. you certainly shouldn't feel shame at the i shouldn't feel shame at the efforts you are taking to help them copy ijust wonder, just talk me through the process of
taking them to safety because there are always going to be echoes of being bussed out of one place, supposedly to somewhere safe, and i'm afraid, psychologically, that must be a very difficult step to take for them? i very difficult step to take for them? . ., , , ., them? i completely agree with ou. it is them? i completely agree with you. it is quite _ them? i completely agree with you. it is quite terrifying - you. it is quite terrifying stop and that is why grassroots organisations like safe out take a more personalised approach so the way it looks like on the ground, is usually it is the relatives of these individuals that are able to reach out to grassroots organisations, and what the grassroots organisations try to do as they first try to establish a rapport, you always want to establish a rapport with the person who has slipped through tremendous trauma. and you absolutely want to do everything in your power to prevent re— traumatisation which i'm sure they are currently experiencing. so, the people we work with such as
taxi drivers, bus drivers, they are acutely aware of the general level of trauma that a person would go through in the war because they are the ones on the ground actually helping these people to get out. but what we do is a certain level of co—ordination and establishing rapport to make the people understand that they are amongst friends. ﬁnd the people understand that they are amongst friends.— are amongst friends. and being dealt with as _ are amongst friends. and being dealt with as individuals - are amongst friends. and being dealt with as individuals as -- i dealt with as individuals as —— of course. thank you very much for outlining the work you are doing. many see the invasion of ukraine by vladimir putin as a pivotal moment in history. the german chancellor, 0laf scholz, has called it a turning point, a monumental shift which will have consequences for many nations and how they work together. our special correspondent allan little provides his take on the global impact of this war. the war in ukraine has changed the world. we are in new and more dangerous times. the post—cold war era is over. it has been brewing a long time. it is nearly 20 years since vladimir putin first sent
troops to occupy parts of georgia, and eight since he occupied parts of ukraine. he has sent spies into british cities armed with nerve agents to murder exiled russians. but the western democracies did not disengage. europe built up an unhealthy dependence on russian gas. even now, europe buys russia's gas at $1 billion a day. london became a safe place for russia's wealthy elites to park money. they built prestigious property empires. few questions were asked about where the money came from. but putin has misread the world catastrophically. first in his view that ukrainian is a bogus identity. ukrainians have proved it is an identity they are ready to fight and die for. putin's plan for a swift decapitation of the state has failed. russia's military incompetence has been striking. most importantly, he misread the west, believing it weakened
by internal division and in long—term decline. chanting: uk supports ukraine! but the west is more united now than it has been since the fall of the berlin wall. the economic and financial sanctions it swiftly agreed are the most punitive ever imposed. in effect, they expelled russia from the global economy. a new economic iron curtain has descended. it will plunge russia into a profound economic crisis. industries will grind to a halt, unemployment will rise, inflation will destroy people's savings. the west is now committed to ending its dependence on russian gas. there will be no going back from that. this is also a war between democracy and authoritarianism. it's not just that vladimir putin doesn't want a western ally on his doorstep, it's also that an increasingly repressive russia that locks up its political opponents doesn't want a successful, open democracy on its doorstep either, forfear of the example it might set.
in the 1990s, boris yeltsin tried to turn russia into a democracy. when that failed, putin took it back to its imperial past, aggressively asserting russia's right to defend itself by dominating its neighbours. the question now is whether this fight will go global, and divide the world into two mutually antagonistic blocks. china and russia are bonded by a shared antipathy to american power. china does not want putin weakened, or the west strengthened. but it will be dismayed that this is precisely what putin's war has achieved. the war threatens to roll back decades of economic globalisation. beijing does not want that either. this is a fight between democracy and authoritarianism. it is also a fight between two conflicting world views. putin wants a return to something like the yalta settlement of 1945, which divided europe into spheres of interest and gave russia domination of eastern europe. the west wants the values
of the helsinki final act of 1975, which recognised the rights of sovereign, independent states to choose their own destinies and alliances. this is the face that has become the living symbol of that fight. president zelensky has united ukrainians around a powerful and proud sense of who they are, and is saluted now across the democratic world. allan little, bbc news. nato leaders will be meeting on thursday in brussels, that will include president biden on the other heads of government. also the white house has just outlined to us that mr biden will be hosting a call later in the day with president macron from chance, the chancellor of germany the italian prime list and borisjohnson. they will be
holding a meeting later in the day and on friday, mr biden will travel to poland to discuss the situation there with the president. thanks for watching. hello there. temperatures on sunday weren't quite as high saturday's, but still not bad. in the spring sunshine, we got to 15 degrees in porthmadog in north—west wales — the warmest spot in the country. looking at the weather over the next few days, more of that spring sunshine is on the way. it will become warmer, mostly dry, just a few isolated showers to watch out for as the week goes by. high pressure still dominating the picture. that stays to the east of us. this little curl of cloud is associated with a pool of cooler air, and that has showers within it. what happens over the next couple of days is that area of cool air pulls north, taking showers away, and at the same time, we will then see temperatures rising significantly — high teens and even low 20s over the next couple of days.
right now, there's a risk of seeing an odd showerjust brushing the eastern coast of england. the cloud in northern ireland could also bring an odd spot of rain but should keep the frost at bay. clear skies for most of southern england and wales, allowing a widespread frost to take us into the first part of monday. temperatures down to —6 in aberdeenshire — a particularly cold start — but a lovely start to the day for most of you. lots of sunshine around, that cloud extending from the south—west as the day goes by. the small chance of a shower for eastern scotland but for most of you, it's essentially a dry day. we will see those temperatures rising across england and wales — highest here about 14 or 16. cooler air still across scotland, northern ireland and the far north of england. tuesday's forecast — still the risk of frost to start the day across scotland in particular. a lovely day with lots of sunshine. there could be one or two isolated showers popping up across central areas for a short time but most of you will dodge them.
high temperatures into the teens, perhaps reaching 20 celsius in the warmest areas — that will threaten the highest temperature we have seen so far this year. wednesday, a similar day, plenty of sunshine across the board but if we do see some showers, they could affect the far north of scotland. still, those temperatures will continue to rise — 17 in newcastle, 16 for glasgow, again, in parts of england and perhaps eastern wales, we could see temperatures into the high teens, perhaps 20 degrees 01’ so. this drier weather will last to friday and into the weekend, although there's a tendency for it to turn cloudier. we examine how it could reshape the world in which we live.
this is bbc news. the headlines: the united nations' refugee agency says 10 million ukrainians have now fled their homes because of the war, almost a quarter of the population. it described the speed and scale of the displacement as unprecedented in recent decades. nearly 3.5 million people have left the country since russia invaded. a russian deadline for the defenders of the beseiged ukrainian city of mariupol to lay down their arms has passed. the country's deputy prime minister said there would be no surrender. russia promised safe passage to fighters if they handed over their weapons and threatened military tribunals if they didn't.