welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: wildfires tear through european countries — france now the worst affected, with 30,000 people forced from their homes. up in the woods, you can see guys tackling the fires. there is a huge amount of activity down here, and it is hot, it is smoky — just look at the haze in the trees. sentencing begins for the parkland school gunman, who killed 17 people, in 2018. ajury in florida will decide if it's the death penalty or a life sentence. a chinese filmmaker appears in court in malawi, charged with child exploitation, following an investigation by the bbc, and here in the uk, it's whittled down to four in the race to replace borisjoohnson
as the uk's next prime minister and leader of the conservative party. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. in france they're calling it a "heat apocalypse". across much of europe excessively high temperatures, wildfires, and now water shortages, are having a devastating impact. northern spain has reached 43 degrees, and it's predicted the uk could see record temperatures on tuesday. we'll have more on that and the role of climate change in a moment. but nowhere has been more affected than southwest france where 30,000 people have been moved out of their homes for their own safety, as large areas of forest have been burned out. jessica parker has
our first report. into the forest and the front line of an exhausting battle, and one that, today, we were given special access to. up in the woods, you can see guys tackling the fires. there's a huge amount of activity down here, and it is hot, it is smoky — just look at the haze in the trees. the smoke thickens the further in we go — the flames suddenly all too apparent. translation: the fire | rekindles in many places. we have to be very careful with these conditions. we're in a pine forest. the vegetation is so dry here, and with the temperatures, the fire reaches the top of the trees very quickly. flames reach up to 80 metres high. along here, we were due to reach an evacuated campsite by the coast, but we never got there. things were getting worse.
you could see it on the ground and in the sky. water bombers, one after the other, flying over our heads. they never stop here. they can't. but soon, we — along with others — are told it's time to leave. back on the main road, the thousands of evacuations were plain to see. smoke means, for many, it's just not safe to stay. here at this centre, you can at least take a moment, cool down. translation: it was very smoky this morning. - it's very bad for the lungs. i knew there were problems coming, so i prepared a grab bag. even the medications for my dogs were ready to go. for some, it's a matter of frantic phone calls to find a place to sleep tonight. who knows when they'll get to go home? it can be in a few days,
it can be in a few weeks. it's very difficult now to say. but we'll try to make people come back to their house as soon as possible. france's wildfires seen from above are an alarming sight. winds and over 40—degree heat made for a destructive mix today. temperatures are set to drop tomorrow, and for these men, that can't come soon enough. jessica parker, bbc news, in gironde. as we said, britain is also enduring an intense heatwave, with forecasters expecting a new temperature record on tuesday. monday was the hottest day ever in wales, and a red alert for extreme heat is in force for most of england, warning of a danger to life. the soaring temperatures have disrupted travel, and increased the pressure on the health service. we're joined from santa barbara by leea stokes, who is an expert in clean energy and climate policy. she's at the university
of california, santa barbara. thank you very much indeed for joining us. another heatwave and it is difficult to get away for the time with climate change. hope you establish that in people's mind? first scientific _ in people's mind? first scientific study - in people's mind? first scientific study to - in people's mind? first scientific study to link | in people's mind? first| scientific study to link a specific event to climate change was actually based on the 2003 heatwave which killed upwards of 30,000 people in europe. we have known for decades, almost two decades, that climate change is causing these heat waves, making them more frequent and more severe and causing them to kill more people year after year. i and causing them to kill more people year after year.- people year after year. i think the french — people year after year. i think the french called _ people year after year. i think the french called it... - people year after year. i think the french called it... i- people year after year. i think the french called it... i lost . the french called it... i lost 17,000 people that sum up but they have not seen that again. —— that summer. so people do
struggle to believe that it is getting worse and worse. they look like 15 years and say it was worse than.— look like 15 years and say it was worse than. climate change was worse than. climate change was already _ was worse than. climate change was already happening - was worse than. climate change was already happening in - was worse than. climate change was already happening in 2003| was already happening in 2003 and it is getting worse year after year and what public opinion polls show that across the world they understand climate change is happening, it is caused by burning fossil fuels and they are worried about it. fuels and they are worried about it— fuels and they are worried about it. , ., ,, u, about it. do they appreciate what they — about it. do they appreciate what they need _ about it. do they appreciate what they need to - about it. do they appreciate what they need to do, - about it. do they appreciate what they need to do, what| what they need to do, what needs to be done — we're talking about ending fossil fuel, a massive step to take. the stop of gas, ultimately. it is not impossible to envision. we have to clean up our electricity system by using
wind and solar, which the united kingdom has been doing a lot of. there we have to electrify our lives so rather than filling our cars expensive petrol or oil, is run an electric vehicle, a car or an easy bike. it is actually a lot cheaper. people who have an electric vehicle today have not been hit with inflation in the same way of people who have a gas powered car. it is about making things more affordable for people across the world. then the things get in the way, president putin turning off the taps for western europe, a war in ukraine, that exacerbates the calls for do we go back to coal? how do we go back to oil? should we pursue more exportation of oil? it also
increases _ exportation of oil? it also increases the _ exportation of oil? it also increases the calls - exportation of oil? it also increases the calls for - exportation of oil? it also l increases the calls for clean technology. heat pumps are a defective technology to hate and cool your homes. in italy, the government is rapidly deploying heat pumps to deal with the difficult winter coming up. they are paying people to put in heat pumps. that is a kind of solution that does not involve new fossil fuel. ., , , , fuel. you put up some very good arguments _ fuel. you put up some very good arguments against _ fuel. you put up some very good arguments against a _ fuel. you put up some very good arguments against a very - arguments against a very challenging environment. thank ou ve challenging environment. thank you very much- _ challenging environment. thank you very much. thank— challenging environment. thank you very much. thank you - challenging environment. thank you very much. thank you for i you very much. thank you for having me on. let's turn to the us now, where the trial for school shooter, nikolas cruz, who killed 1a students and three members of staff at his former high school in parkland, florida, has begun. this is a relatively rare instance of a mass shooter facing a jury, as they often either take their own lives or are killed by police. in his opening statement prosecutor mike satz recounted how the attacker
planned the shooting. the murders were especially heinous, atrocious or cruel. three days before these brutal murders, this massacre, the defendant in this case made a ceuphone defendant in this case made a cellphone video on his ceuphone cellphone video on his cellphone and this is what the defendant said, "hello, my name is nick, i am going to be the next school shooter of 2018. my goal is at least 20 people with an ar—15 and some tracer rounds. it is going to be a big event and when you see me on the use, you will know who i am stop you are all going to die
stop you are all going to die stop oh, yes, i cannot wait. joining me now is our north america correspondent, peter bowes. nicolas cruz has pleaded guilty this is than the battle to win over a jury as to whether there is real contrition or if he deserves the death penalty, is that about right?— that about right? that is exactly right. _ that about right? that is exactly right. this - that about right? that is exactly right. this is - that about right? that is. exactly right. this is quite that about right? that is - exactly right. this is quite an unusual situation and clearly the focus is on this, the penalty stage of the trial. are there aggravating circumstances that justify the death circumstances or mitigating circumstances, that we will no doubt hear from the defence later on in the trial. the situation that they justify that death sentence, we are hearing from the prosecution, the fact this was clearly planned by nicolas cruz, several days, perhaps longer, in advance, the brutal nature
of what he did, the fact he went back to some of his victims to shoot them again, to make sure they were dead. the mitigating circumstances are likely to be account of his growing up, his childhood, his emotional problems, psychological problems, that we have already heard. that he suffered for as a young boy. he was 19 years old when this happened, he is a 23 now. that is simply the choice the jury has, a lethal injection, the death sentence or life in prison without the possibility of parole. prison without the possibility of arole. . , , of parole. there are members, relatives and _ of parole. there are members, relatives and families - of parole. there are members, relatives and families of - of parole. there are members, relatives and families of the i relatives and families of the big terms. it must be so difficult. —— victims. it big terms. it must be so difficult. -- victims. it is clear already from the i difficult. -- victims. it is l clear already from the first few hours of this hearing, this penalty stage, which we expect
to go on forfour — penalty stage, which we expect to go on for four — five months, we know from the reactions already from some of those people already, how difficult it was, once again, to hear necessarily repeated by the prosecutor as he laid out what happened, as he named all the people who lost their lives and 17 others who were injured, it was simply too much for some people and they had to leave the courtroom in tears. thank ou the courtroom in tears. thank you very _ the courtroom in tears. thank you very much _ the courtroom in tears. thank you very much for _ the courtroom in tears. thank you very much for that, - the courtroom in tears. thank| you very much for that, peter. jury selection has begun in the trial of steve bannon, the former close aide to donald trump. he faces charges of criminal contempt of congress, for refusing to cooperate with the investigation into the storming of the capitol by trump supporters last year. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: how to stay cool in a heatwave — we give you some tips on how to stay safe during these soaring temperatures.
radio: i see you coming down the ladder now. i that's one small step for man... ..one giant leap for mankind. a catastrophic engine fire is being blamed tonight. for the first crash - in the 30—year history of concorde, the world's only supersonic airliner. _ it was one of the most vivid symbols of the violence and hatred that tore apart the state of yugoslavia but now, a decade later, it's been painstakingly rebuilt and opens again today. there's been a 50% decrease in sperm quantity and an increase in malfunctioning sperm unable to swim properly. seven, six, five... thousands of households across the country are suspiciously quiet this lunchtime as children bury their noses in the final instalment of harry potter.
this is bbc news, the latest headlines: wildfires tear through european countries, france now the worst affected with 30,000 people forced from their homes. sentencing begins for the parkland school gunman, who killed 17 people in 2018. ajury in florida will decide if it's the death penalty or a life sentence. a chinese filmmaker has appeared in court in malawi charged with child exploitation. lu ke was living in malawi when a bbc investigation reported that he had used local children to film personalised greetings, some of which
included racist content. this is the moment he was confronted by the bbc team, which documented how he had used local children to film personalised greetings, some of which included racist content. let's speak to the journalist runako cecile who investigated this story for the bbc�*s africa eye. thank you very much forjoining us. what sparked your investigation?- us. what sparked your investi . ation? ~ . investigation? well, i mean i lived in beijing, _ investigation? well, i mean i lived in beijing, china, - lived in beijing, china, for seven years. i had seen these videos for years. you know, this industry, that these videos belonged to has existed for seven years since 2015. there was bounds of roger versi about the industry. but it took all of this time, essentially, for the industry to be shut down. ifelt quite for the industry to be shut down. i felt quite strongly that we needed to explore what was powering this exploitation. what was happening and who was behind it. so that's the origin. it took us about 2.5,
1.5 years basically to investigate and find out more. it is a pretty insidious thing to do, i think that is understood. how popular was it? you saw these quite often? it is part of a massive industry. 0ne is part of a massive industry. one thing that i endeavoured to show is help massive the market for these videos are. the investigation has come at a time when this industry is expanding. it is now moving into different markets across the world. you know, we have seen videos like this pop—up in germany and poland, promoted in the taiwanese market and in japan, for example. it is extremely profitable, lu ke himself told us one point in undercover footage that he was able to earn, he was charging 200 chinese yuan per video and was able to shoot 380 in one day. you can imagine with an industry that has been going on for so long how profitable it
is. �* . , . , , for so long how profitable it is. ~ . , . , , ., is. and what is happening to lu ke now? so — is. and what is happening to lu ke now? so he _ is. and what is happening to lu ke now? so he allegedly - is. and what is happening to lu ke now? so he allegedly tried l ke now? so he allegedly tried to flee to _ ke now? so he allegedly tried to flee to a — ke now? so he allegedly tried to flee to a neighbouring - to flee to a neighbouring country, zambia. we have been told as of saturday he was extradited to malawi. we are waiting to see what will happen now with the courts and the legal system over there. but this is all— legal system over there. but this is all now _ legal system over there. but this is all now part _ legal system over there. but this is all now part of a police investigation within malawi? that's correct. 0k, we wait to see how that pans out. thank you very much indeed for joining us. four contenders remain for the leadership of britain's governing conservative party. after another vote by mps, tom tugendhat, who had not previously served in borisjohnson's cabinet, was eliminated, leaving the former chancellor of the exchequer, rishi sunak, in the lead. his nearest rival is penny mordaunt. the winner, to be announced in early september, will automatically be prime minister. here's our political editor chris mason.
all talking at once. hubbub in a heatwave? democracy of sorts at dusk. i have the results of the third ballot... round three of conservative mps deciding who they want and who they don't want to be our next prime minister. so tom tugendhat is eliminated from the election. the other candidates are able to go forward to a fourth ballot which will take place tomorrow... another defeated candidate, but this time not one willing to endorse anyone else, at least yet. thank you very much, that is the end of the road for me for this race. but look, it's been an amazing run. i'm incredibly proud of the team, i'm incredibly grateful to all the supporters who have been with me. the former chancellor, rishi sunak, is still the frontrunner, nearly doubling his lead over second placed penny mordaunt, who actually lost a vote, compared with round two. good morning. the foreign secretary, liz truss, finished third again,
narrowing the gap to penny mordaunt. and here's who finished fourth — kemi badenoch on her way this morning to try to drum up more support. i'm going to be fighting hard for every single vote and i'm not taking anything for granted. but i'm optimistic, thank you. while tory mps voted upstairs, downstairs in the commons chamber, the start of borisjohnson's parliamentary swa nsong. defeated but demob happy, pointing out he crushed labour. we sent the great blue tory ferret so far up their left trouser leg, they couldn't move. we won the biggest conservative victory since 1987, the biggest share of the vote since 1979. we won seats they never dreamed of losing. despite knowing that he'd been fired from job afterjob for lying, they elected him to lead their party.
and he behaved exactly as everyone feared when he got into downing street. he lurched from one scandal to the next. let's reflect on a man _ who should never have been put in office in the first place. a man that simply shouldn't be here for a minute longer, - because he demonstrated no dignity— in office, in the highest office in the land. - and incidentally, what does an outgoing prime minister ejected by his own side do while waiting for his replacement? well, he appears to be enjoying some of the perks of high office filming himself here as a passenger in a war plane being refuelled mid air. monkeypox has now been detected in close to 70 countries around the world.
confirmed cases in the us have topped more than 1800 harvard medical school professor dr ali raja told us more. the fact is that every day in the emergency department i have patients who come in, and given our experience with covid they already have a predilection to being concerned about infectious disease, i get asked every day about how worried we should be about monkeypox. the fact is we need to be aware of the disease so that we are on the lookout for it. if we have patients or if we know family members who have a few days of a fever and lethargy and muscle aches and then develop that characteristic rash, we need to make sure they are then quarantined and they contact their doctor to arrange for testing. so we all need to be aware of it. but it is not spreading at a rate that we need to be very concerned about and as you just mentioned, it is has a case fatality rate that is exceptionally low. it is not the kind of thing that is causing a lot of people to get very, very sick. what we know about monkeypox is that it really does require some sort of direct contact to spread. a break in the skin, oral contact, touching a lesion. it is probably not aerosolised.
since we know that it is spread through social networks, it allows for contact tracing and it allows for vaccination of the networks around a close contact. i don't mean to downplay the risk at all, but it is much more containable than something like covid is. we have a large stockpile of vaccine, tens of millions of doses. but it is really not enough to vaccinate the entire country, and the primary vaccine we are using is an older vaccine that can have significant side effects in some people. so the key to using the vaccine is really going to be doing so strategically, using it for people who have direct contact with a known case of monkeypox or high risk of someone with monkeypox being in their social network. when we use it strategically like that, and remember it is notjust one dose, the cdc is now recommending two doses spread 28 days apart.
when used strategically we can hopefully vaccinate the high risk populations that are in the social groups that are getting monkeypox right now to contain it as quickly as possible. but for the run—of—the—mill patient who doesn't know anybody who has monkeypox, hasn't been in contact, isn't at high risk, we don't need to vaccinate that population just yet. and before we go, a return to our top story on that intense heatwave in europe. how should you be managing in these high temperatures? our medical editor, fergus walsh, has some tips. the uk simply isn't used to this and nor are our bodies. oh, it's warm in here, isn't it? this is the heat chamber at st mary's university, twickenham. that is warm. it's been used by sporting greats like andy murray and max verstappen. but even an amateur like me can show how heat affects our physiology. as my core body temperature starts to creep up, blood vessels near the surface of the skin open up, pushing heat to the surface, trying always to keep that core body temperature
on an even keel. that can mean a drop in blood pressure as the heart works harder. now, another key way in which my body regulates its core temperature is through sweat. that's why dehydration can quickly become a problem. working out in this heat is not recommended, but staying fit all year round is. people who regularly exercise are regularly experiencing higher body temperatures internally because you produce a lot of heat when you exercise. so then that leads to better preparation for these heatwaves. the elderly and those with heart and lung conditions are most at risk from extreme heat, but even the young and fit can feel the effects. too long in the sun can lead to heat exhaustion.
symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, heavy sweating and pale, clammy skin. left untreated, it can progress to heat stroke, a medical emergency. this whole area is in the sun the whole time. stjohn ambulance are a familiar sight at public events in all weathers, on hand to offer help and advice. so what should you do if you come across someone with heat exhaustion? you want to bring them out of direct sunlight somewhere cool where they can lie down, raise their legs, encouraging blood flow back to the brain. hydrate them as much as possible with clear fluids, so water. and if they're not recovering in about 30 minutes, we'd recommend phoning 111. and the health advice is simple — stay in the shade, drink water, use sunscreen and keep an eye on the vulnerable. fergus walsh, bbc news. a handful of tips therefore you
as we deal with yet more sunshine and high—temperature is to come. you are watching bbc news. hello there. monday's heat was extraordinary, not least because it covered a really wide area. 38.2 celsius the highest temperature recorded at santon downham in suffolk, very close to the all—time uk record. jersey had its hottest day on record. wales had its hottest day on record as well, and with this met office red warning for extreme heat still in force through tuesday, some places could see temperatures get even higher than that. because we start tuesday morning in a wedge of exceptionally hot air. this is actually the air overhead. the hottest it will have been throughout the whole of this heatwave period. so as the sun gets to work on that, after starting temperatures like these, well, those values will really start to rise very quickly as we go through the morning
where we hold onto sunshine. most of us will have a sunny start. the further east you are, you can expect to keep sunshine through into the afternoon, potentially one or two showers, but for northern ireland, for wales, the southwest of england, we are going to see more cloud, maybe some showers and thunderstorms working in here, cloud bringing some rain into western parts of scotland as well. for western parts, a little bit cooler than it has been, but for the east, still some extremely high temperatures. maybe middle 30s across parts of southern scotland. and for some of these central and eastern parts of england, temperatures could climb to 40—112 celsius. so that would be unprecedented. through tuesday night, we will see some rain across northern scotland and some showers and thunderstorms elsewhere. it starts to turn a little bit fresher from the west, so by the end of the night, temperatures in glasgow and belfast will be around 1a degrees. still very warm across central and eastern parts of england, still in the midst of this very warm air. but we do see these cooler conditions pushing in from the west as we
get into wednesday. so a different feel to the weather on wednesday. we will see some showers around, maybe some thunderstorms popping up, perhaps most especially across central and eastern parts of england as we go through the afternoon. some spells of sunshine as well, but temperatures much lower. still 28—29 celsius across eastern england, more like 19 celsius for northern ireland and the western side of scotland. we stick with those cooler conditions for the rest of the week. there will be some sunny spells, but some bursts of rain at times. some of that rain could be heavy, possibly thundery. bye for now.