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tv   Return of the Tigers  BBC News  August 15, 2022 2:30am-3:01am BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines: it's one year since the taliban swept into kabul and retook control of afghanistan, prompting scenes of chaos, as people tried to flee. one year on, life for women and girls in particular is very different, with harsh rules, including restrictions on education and employment. the agent of the author, sir salman rushdie, who is in a us hospital following a stabbing attack, has said he is on the road to recovery but it will be long. the author's son said that his feisty and defiant sense of humour remained intact. dozens of people have died at a church in the egyptian city of giza after a fire broke out, causing a stampede. the authorities say at least 41 people were killed, many of them children.
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they blamed the blaze on an electrical fault in the air conditioning system. now on bbc news, return of the tigers. in 2010, the himalayan nation of nepal was one of 13 countries to commit to doubling its wild tiger populations by 2022. nepal is now the only country to have achieved that goal. tigers are making a remarkable comeback here in nepal. their numbers more than doubling in the last ten years. tigers are the majestic creatures. being assigned in the protection duties, it's an honour, you know, it's a privilege. it's a small victory
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in a battle to bring them back from the brink of extinction. it is definitely something to be celebrated. it does not come without the cost. the common area that the tiger and prey species and humanity shares is so tight, the community lives in terror. there has been an increase in tiger attacks on humans. more number of tigers and more number of people, definitely there is going to be conflict. so, it is going to be a challenging job for us to, you know, maintain peace between two species.
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chanting private pinky adhikari has been newly stationed at bardiya national park in western nepal. herjob here is to protect the park's endangered elephants, rhinos and tigers.
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after morning exercise, her unit heads off on patrol. we've been given rare access to go with them. one of the key factors of nepal's success has been strong enforcement against poaching and that's involved the military. armed units like this one patrol across the park daily. her unit's captain is ayushjung bahadur rana.
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tigers are the majestic creatures. there are two types of feeling when you come in head to head with them. it is "oh my god, what a majestic creature is that!" and the otherfeeling is "oh my god, am i dead?" so, that's the type of feeling you get when you encounter when you encounter a tiger. so, being assigned in the protection duties, it's an honour. it's a privilege to be part of something that is really big, you know. so, what are you looking for on this patrol? i mean, like, we're looking for any illegal encroachment of people or domestic animals. these are the basic things that we look at while we're on patrol. do you have the power to shoot? 0nly — only if we have any life—threatening encounters with the wild animals or it is the poachers. but that is the last resort. that is the last thing we would want to do. just outside the national park,
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indigenous leader bhadai tharu patrols his community forest. it's part of a key corridor that allows tigers to move between protected areas in nepal and neighbouring india. this used to be a grazing area for cattle but was reforested by bhadai's community.
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he was cutting grass here in the forest with over 100 other people when a tiger attacked. he lost his left eye.
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he sings this whole area used to be a royal hunting ground. newsreel: this is a land whose people have always lived underl the menace of marauding tigers. when queen elizabeth visited the country in 1961, she took part in a tiger hunt.
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newsreel: and, yes, there was a tiger. - king mahendra had fulfilled a time honoured obligation of a host in nepal and provided the royal party with a tiger to shoot. but there was more hunting to come. the next prey was a rhino. the rhino was also killed. hunting, poaching, and habitat loss has pushed tigers towards extinction. and that was the end of another animal. since the beginning of the 20th century, their numbers globally have dropped by more than 95%. but here in nepal there are signs of a remarkable recovery.
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the rangers are taking part in a nationwide tiger census. over 800 camera pairs have been hidden across the park. you just installed this camera. how long will you keep it here for? so you are going to be having over 1,000 hours of footage look at? and when you're analysing the footage, how do you make sure that your count is accurate?
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with fewer than 4,000 wild tigers left in the world, every tiger counts. the census results show that tiger numbers here in nepal have more than doubled in the last ten years. the area where tigers were once hunted is now being managed so that they can recover and thrive. this grassland is cut and burnt and there's man—made waterholes here. it's to attract the deer, the tigers' main prey. before this area became a national park there was a village here. bishnu shrestra is the chief warden of bardiya national park. it's a better environment for tigers. yes, yes. more spaces,
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more tiger numbers. and you're also looking at water sources, increasing water sources across the national park. yes. until now we have created 180 water ponds here. 50 water pond is with solar. is there a chance that with these interventions that you're pushing the tiger population beyond what's sustainable for the size of the park? no. we are creating many water pond and grassland, particularly for the prey species and the tiger. we have sufficient space and prey density in the park, so we are managing the tigers in a sustainable way. that evening we see signs of the return of the tiger close to where we're sleeping. just behind our camp, fresh tiger footprints have
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been found in the sand here. we think they are from an adult female tiger — we saw a lot of deer last night on the grassland and there's water here, so the footprints in the sand here lead all the way to the water. this camp is run by conservationist manoj gautam. it is definitely something to be celebrated. it does not come without a cost. and it has been costing the lives of people and so much more. the common area that the tigers and prey species and humanity shares is so tight. we head out into the villages just outside the park's boundaries, into the communities that live with the tigers.
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here in these villages, the lives of humans and tigers are intertwined. some in the community live off the tourism industry that's built around the park. others have to take the risk of entering the jungle for their livelihood. samjhana lost her mother—in—law in a tiger attack last year.
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she was deep inside the national park, cutting grass for their cow. samjhana heard the story from those who were there. the government pays around us$8,000 in compensation to tiger victims' families. but because samjhana's mother—in—law was inside the national park, she has been told she doesn't qualify for it.
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she is still fighting for some kind of financial help to put towards her boys' education. this is the tiger that is believed to have killed her mother—in—law and two other people. now behind bars in kathmandu zoo. right now the national park is actively trying to increase the tiger population, how do you feel about that? protests broke out injune after a leopard attacked villagers, a week after a woman
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was killed by a tiger. the community demanding authorities do more to protect them. the protests turned violent. police opened fire on the crowd, killing an 18—year—old girl and injuring others, sparking further outrage. the community lives in terror. so, there is a price that the community has paid for the world to rejoice with the news that nepal has successfully doubled its tiger numbers. when a tiger kills a human, authorities track them down and take them captive. 16 people have been killed
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by a tiger in nepal in the last 12 months. one of the tigers now in captivity is being held behind the chief warden�*s office. this tiger killed one human in the last year in the rajipur area, so we captured and kept in this tiger holding cage. how do you know it's the right tiger? we closely monitor through camera in the incident area, after identification, we captured and put it in holding cage. do you do that because there is pressure from the community? or is there a real threat that once a tiger has killed a human, that they will attack again? there is a chance to attack the human again, by the tiger, if the tiger killed one person previously. so, this tiger has been here for one year now, you can see it's not happy about being in captivity. what is the long—term
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plan for this tiger? we have ordered a satellite collar for this tiger. after consultation with our department we will do something regarding his release. bhadai tharu calls a meeting of his community protection unit.
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this is a generation that will have to navigate the return of the tigers. susila, who is also part of the community protection unit, runs this after—school class.
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susila also worked as a tour guide in the national park. you have to see tigers in the wild to fully appreciate them, she says. so, we head back into the park together. i'm looking for tiger and leopard, this is the track that they will come to the river to drink. and sometimes we get also elephant. susila takes us to a spot near the river. and after hours of waiting, a tiger suddenly appears. it is magnificent to see a male tiger walking along here, one of over 100 tigers now here in bardiya national park, part of a growing tiger
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population here in nepal. it is definitely something to be celebrated, because as we know everywhere around the world, the conservation stories that we often get to read are loudly depressing, and the number of species we are losing on a daily basis, the habitat loss that we see every day. and nepal brings a freshness to the arena of conservation. music and chanting. they have participated in this, they have rejoiced in the success as well, and they are paying with their lives and terror, and that i think needs to be acknowledged more. because if it is not acknowledged, the world cannot come together to find a solution for that. despite what happened to her mother—in—law, samjhana continues to risk
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entering the national park. for the soldiers, the challenge is to keep the peace. we are the mediators, so it's our duty to bring peace between two species. and so it's the both — i would say the protection of the tiger is our responsibility, but at the same time protection of civilians is also our main responsibility.
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let's ta ke let's take a look at the weather for the week ahead, it has all changed, with a warning for extreme heat expires, temperatures will come down, it will feel cooler, back down to the seasonal average and there will be some welcome rain in the form of thunderstorms but with high rainfall totals there could be some localised surface water flooding could be some localised surface waterflooding because could be some localised surface water flooding because the
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ground is so hard and dry. the high pressure that kept us hot and dry as moving eastwards, allowing low pressure to shower its hand from the south, this will help to keep off those thunderstorms —— spark off. and thatis thunderstorms —— spark off. and that is true on monday morning and another band of showers moving eastwards across wales as well. most of the rest of us could be dry on monday morning with sunny spells, cloudy, rather humid feeling. watch out for those thunderstorms, they could pop up anywhere through the afternoon but they will be fairly hit and miss, the heat still hands on, temperatures in the high 20s, maybe 30 celsius for some. the high 20s, maybe 30 celsius forsome. 0vernight the high 20s, maybe 30 celsius for some. 0vernight on monday into tuesday it is warm, muggy and uncomfortable for sleeping, plenty of rain around and areas of cloud too, this is how the start of the day on tuesday, still on a warm note so temperatures no lower than the mid—teens in celsius for many. and then on tuesday the low pressure is certainly with us, this is where it will be
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approximately. these areas of rain are likely to change so the details on this subject to quite a lot of change but some heavy, persistent rain probably for much of scotland on tuesday, moving down into northern england, this band of thundery rain will gradually messed southwards and eastwards. look at the temperature contrast, the heat hangs on towards the south and east, maybe 27 across east anglia but a lot cooler across the north and the west. and this is where that band of thundery rain is likely to be on wednesday, a lot further south and east so some wet weather here, there are localised weather warnings in place, more thunderstorms of course mostly across southern england, down through south wales on the far south—west whereas further north it is probably mostly dry with plenty of cloud around and temperatures for all have now returned back down to where they should be at this time of year as we head through the rest of the working week we start to see north atlantic air move through, back to westerlies and these weather fronts will try to push and as well so weather fronts down
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towards the north—west of scotland, outbreaks of rain here throughout the day on thursday, also western wales and northern ireland too, cloudier here and quite breezy. to further south and east the warmer it is likely to be and in any sunshine temperatures could be higher than this and likely to stay dry. maybe not completely dry for the rest of the week, various weather fronts to try to move through but always wetted the further west you are with low pressure centred towards the north and the west end this is friday again, more likely to be dry towards eastern areas. now temperatures are back down to the average, we are looking at the average, we are looking at the low 20s for much of england and wales. the high teens for much of scotland and northern so temperatures have returned to normal and then on friday we are expecting these weather fronts to push through, high pressure is not too far away, just down towards the south and the west. if we look at europe the west. if we look at europe the heaters easing their into next week but a good start to build back again and this area of high pressure could drag on our way once more so we may not
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have the last of the heat for the summerjust yet.
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you're watching bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories: a year on from the taliban retaking control of afghanistan, a special report on the women and girls who've been denied education, employment, and their childhoods. if i finish this school, i start university, but i can't go to university because i'm not graduated from the school. sir salman rushdie's family say he's on the road to recovery but has life—changing injuries, as more details emerge about the man charged over his attack. more than a0 worshippers die at a church in egypt, after a fire rips through the building during mass. and, queen of the mountains — the norwegian climber who's on the verge of setting a very special record.


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