tv BBC World News BBC News August 15, 2022 5:00am-5:31am BST
this is bbc news. i'm sally bundock, with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. a year on from the taliban retaking control of afghanistan, a special report on the women and girls who've been denied education, employment, and their childhoods. if i finish this school, i start university, but i can't go to university because i'm not graduated from the school. sir salman rushdie�*s family say he's on the road to recovery, but has life—changing injuries, as more details emerge about the man charged with his attack. farewell to freya. the walrus who became a tourist sensation in norway has been put down. and, queen of the mountains. the norwegian climber who's on the verge of setting
a very special record. hello and welcome. it's now monday in afghanistan, and a year since the taliban swept back into the afghan capital kabul, marking their takeover of the country and sparking scenes like these at the airport — thousands trying to leave in fear of what could lie ahead. one year on, life for women and girls in particular is very different — with harsh rules including restrictions on education and employment. our chief international correspondent lyse doucet, who was in kabul during the taliban takeover, has returned and sent this special report.
cal t0 prayer. call to prayer. it's a man's world. afghanistan is a conservative country, but the rules are now set by the ultraconservative taliban. spaces which had opened up for women have now been slammed shut. we met three generations of women whose lives speak loudly about their world. many are afraid. they don't want to be identified. this woman used to be a senior official in the finance ministry. last year the taliban told her, stay at home. a man would take herjob. translation: i worked for more than 17 years l in the finance ministry. it was difficult with juggling family and work, but i went to university and got my masters degree. we spent so much time to get here.
now we are back to zero. everything is finished. more than 60 female civil servants have banded together. they shared some of the exchanges on their messaging group: women haven't completely disappeared from the streets or ministries, like health, education, security. there are spaces only for women. this market has just reopened in the western city of herat. this was the first day. women, a bit nervous. shops, still empty. this is it? yes. this is your shop?
today it's closed. oh, look at your sewing machines. 18—year—old suhaila is excited. she's reopening this dress shop with her big sister. but she should be in her last year of school. suhaila was the top student in her class. but the taliban shut most high schools. really, i am very sad. if i finish this school, i start university but i can't go to university because i'm not graduated from school. was it hard for you? no school, no shop. how hard was it? i think it's not for me, and for all of the girls of afghanistan, it's a sad memory... i did miss school. sorry. it's ok. sorry. it's hard here, too,
far away in the central highlands. this is one of afghanistan's poorest provinces. since the taliban took over, even poorer. and there's still no aid to their government. for the destitute and desperate, agonising choices. this woman gave her daughter in marriage for about £1000. she's only 6 years old. so is her husband to be. translation: she's too young. but i give her away because we have no food. so my other children don't die of hunger. it's still very hard but now she can eat with her in—laws. i had no other option but to give her away. child marriage is prohibited but pervasive in afghanistan, but not this young. we've hidden the identity
of mother, daughter and son. translation: her in—laws told me they will take care of her like their own child because she's so young. they told me, don't worry. child weeps what mother wouldn't worry? what child wouldn't weep? a new generation takes shape in a new afghanistan. the taliban say the rights of boys and girls within islam will be respected. but one year on, there is growing fear that girls who were learning to lead, will be left far behind. lyse doucet, bbc news, kabul. so many challenges one year on,
so much more to discuss later. we will be live to kabul to talk to the international committee of the red cross to talk about their work there, currently. all that to come on the programme. the son of sir salman rushdie says his father suffered life changing injuries in a knife attack on friday, but that his "feisty and defiant sense of humour remains intact". the author has been taken off a ventilator after being stabbed at an event in new york state. our north america correspondent nomia iqbal has the latest. inside the hospital, salman rushdie remains in a critical condition. but a glimmer of hope for his family, as he is taken off a ventilator and is breathing unaided. in a statement, his son, zafar rushdie, said: zafar also praised the audience members at the literary event on friday
where his father was stabbed. he said they bravely leapt to his defence to help him. salman rushdie�*s agent told us he is on the long road to recovery. the writer suffered very serious injuries. he faces losing an eye and his liver is badly damaged. 24—year—old american suspect hadi matar has already appeared in court and pleaded not guilty to the charges of attempted murder and attempted assault. prosecutors allege he travelled by bus from newjersey to the event here in chautauqua, in western new york. they say he bought a ticket, like everybody else, allowing him to attend the talk mr rushdie was due to give. for decades, salman rushdie went into hiding after his book, the satanic verses, led to iran issuing a fatwa in 1989. many muslims considered his writing blasphemous.
it is reported that police think hadi matar may have had sympathies for the iranian regime, but an official motive has not been established. earlier, new york's state governor spoke outside the institution where the stabbing happened. new york state will always stand up to protect freedom of expression, freedom of speech, and we condemn the cowardly attack on salman rushdie. and we condemn any individual or any group that dares violate the sanctity of a place like chautauqua. questions are being asked about why there were not tougher checks at the literary event, given the huge amount of threats salman rushdie had faced for decades. ever since the attack on friday, world leaders have been issuing words of solidarity for sue salman rushdie. president biden released a statement praising the author for his
refusal to be intimidated or silenced. nomia iqbal, bbc news, pennsylvania. let's get some of the day's other news. north korean state media say the russian president, vladimir putin, has called for stronger ties between the two countries. mr putin said it would help strengthen the security and stability of the korean peninsula and wider region. some experts say russia may want north korean labourers to carry out work in some of the seized territory in ukraine. in egypt, at least 41 people have died in a fire at a coptic church in the city of giza near the capital cairo. the fire which took hold during mass, is being blamed on an electrical fault in the air conditioning system. the country's president has pledged to rebuild the church. pakistani and indian border guards have taken part in a ceremony at the wagah border post as both countries celebrate the 75th anniversary of their independence. it was a theatrical ritual symbolising the countries�* hostility after independence,
but the display ended with a brisk, brotherly handshake. a walrus nicknamed freya, popular in the oslo fjord in norway, has been put down. authorities had warned earlier this week that they were considering the measure after issuing warnings about crowds getting too close to the mammal. the bbc�*s azadeh moshiri has this report. by by all accounts, freya the walrus was having a good summer. leaving the arctic to go on a euro trip, she landed in oslo fjord whereby mid—july she had become a popular attraction. nicknamed after the norse goddess of love and beauty freire was making a splash, chasing after ducks, clambering onto boats to sunbathe and weighing £1300 sometimes even sinking them.
but things became problematic when people wouldn't stay away. so much so that after several warnings to the public authorities decided to put her down. translation:. authorities decided to put her down. translation: .- down. translation:. public safety has — down. translation:. public safety has been _ down. translation:. public safety has been prioritised, l safety has been prioritised, animal welfare a priority, human life and wealth come first and that was decisive this time. first and that was decisive this time-— first and that was decisive this time. ,, , , ., this time. sleep is important to walruses, _ this time. sleep is important to walruses, they _ this time. sleep is important to walruses, they kidnapped | to walruses, they kidnapped over hours today, and her sleep was getting interrupted, there were even reports she had started chasing onlookers away. but there has been a backlash to the authority's decision. it's been dear —— very difficult to get our heads around why she was euthanised and there were so many at other actions that could have been taken first, there are ways of crowd control that can change the behaviour of people much easier than trying to change the behaviour of the walrus. walruses are a protected species and while it's rare for
russ to attack a human it can happen. but experts are asking was putting her down really the only option? azadeh moshiri, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: a not so happy handshake. bad blood at stamford bridge as chelsea draw with tottenham. washington, the world's most political city, is today assessing the political health of the world's most powerful man. indeed i did have a relationship with ms lewinsky that was not appropriate. in fact, it was wrong. in south africa, 97 people have been killed today, in one of the worst days of violence between rival black groups. over the last 10 days, 500 have died. crowd chant: czechoslovakia must be free! man: czechoslovakia must be free! crowd chant: czechoslovakia must be free! russia is observing a national day of mourning for the 118 submariners who died on board the kursk. we are all with them
now, within our hearts. the pope has celebrated mass before a congregation of more than 2.5 million people in his hometown of krakow. "stay with us, stay with us," chanted this ocean of humanity. "well, well," joked the pope, "so, you want me to desert rome?" this is bbc news. our top story: a year on from the taliban retaking control of afghanistan, its women and girls are still being denied education and employment. let's stay with that story now. we can speak now to eloi fillion, head of delegation in afghanistan for the international committee of the red cross.
a very warm welcome to the programme. our international correspondent was specifically looking at the plight of women and girls in afghanistan. what are your key concerns at the moment one year on? the key concerns _ moment one year on? the key concerns that _ moment one year on? the key concerns that we _ moment one year on? the key concerns that we all _ moment one year on? the key concerns that we all have, - concerns that we all have, supporting the whole of the afghan population, is the deepening of the economy crisis which is putting people in difficult situations and just trying to put food on their table, and when we look at the achievement, the organisation since one year now, we can see that these efforts are not enough to basically respond to the growing needs of the population. we have supported since last year over 33 hospitals in orderfor since last year over 33 hospitals in order for them since last year over 33 hospitals in orderfor them to continue running, and in that these hospitals, over 100,000 babies have been born since the beginning of this year, and we arejust worried about
beginning of this year, and we are just worried about how these babies will be able to survive in the future due to the lack ofjob opportunities and the downgrade of the economy situation and so on and so forth. in economy situation and so on and so forth. , ., ., so forth. in terms of foreign aid, obviously _ so forth. in terms of foreign aid, obviously a _ so forth. in terms of foreign aid, obviously a lot - so forth. in terms of foreign aid, obviously a lot of- so forth. in terms of foreign aid, obviously a lot of that l aid, obviously a lot of that stopped when the teller man talked over a year ago. what is the situation now?— the situation now? there is a lot of humanitarian _ the situation now? there is a lot of humanitarian support l lot of humanitarian support thatis lot of humanitarian support that is being done by the organisation i work for and many others including the un but it is falling short, that humanitarian aid, to what the aid was being provided a year ago in a sense that there is no investment is being done, the banking system is still not working properly, no investment can be done privately or in the public sector. and, of course, that has an impact on the number ofjobs which are number of jobs which are available number ofjobs which are available for the population and what the humanitarian
sector can cater is not enough for all the needs that are growing because the whole economy is in collapse. 50. economy is in collapse. so, civen economy is in collapse. so, given what _ economy is in collapse. so, given what you _ economy is in collapse. so, given what you have - economy is in collapse. so, given what you have just said, what is the long—term outlook for afghanistan under taliban rule? what are they doing to have an economic scenario that can support the country going forward? , , forward? so, it is very difficult _ forward? so, it is very difficult to _ forward? so, it is very difficult to predict - forward? so, it is veryj difficult to predict how forward? so, it is very - difficult to predict how the situation will evolve. at the moment, the signals are not really positive. be it from the side of what the government, led by the islamic emirates, can do, and a well and how the international community will have to find solutions to support the afghan population in the difficult and complex situations everyone is facing. so, in that prospect, for humanitarian organisations such as us, the situation is very, very concerning. is as us, the situation is very, very concerning.— very concerning. is at the
taliban showing - very concerning. is at the taliban showing any - very concerning. is at the | taliban showing any signs very concerning. is at the i taliban showing any signs of wanting to negotiate and co—operate with organisations such as yours, and other — you know — foreign investors and foreign donors in order to bring more — you know — aid coming in, money coming in, so that they can support the economy going forward? from our persnective _ economy going forward? from our persnective as _ economy going forward? from our persnective as a — economy going forward? from our perspective as a humanitarian - perspective as a humanitarian organisation, and for the icrc in particular, the collaboration with the government of the islamic emirates at our level is working perfectly fine. we have that level of trust that allows us to work together. we specifically work very much closely with the ministry of public health, for instance. with the present administration, and we are constructively building up programmes and progressing in our common endeavours support the service to be delivered to the service to be delivered to the population. but, of course, there are a lot of negotiations we going on between the governments of the world's
we going on between the governments of the worlds and our government but there are a lot of complex issues linked to how the sanctions are being applied, links to political considerations, links to positioning of one or the other which are making progress in terms of how the international community should be supporting a country like afghanistan links to the existing needs of its population, and the reality. its population, and the reali . , . ., reality. there is so much to do. it reality. there is so much to d0- it is _ reality. there is so much to do. it is almost _ reality. there is so much to i do. it is almost overwhelming. eloise fillion, thank you for talking to us about the situation at that you are missing in the kabul. they are known as the super peaks — the world's 1a highest mountains. each one has a summit of more than 8000m. climbing all 1a is a badge of honour for any mountaineer, and doing so in record time is the biggest honour of them all. now, a norwegian climber is on the verge of doing just that, as the bbc�*s tim allman reports. christian carries a heavy burden. she hasjust finished burden. she has just finished scaling burden. she hasjust finished
scaling the 11th highest mountain in the world. but she can barely pause for a moment. these things don't climate themselves.— these things don't climate themselves. . ., , these things don't climate themselves. ~ . ., , ., themselves. we have a couple of rock falls and _ themselves. we have a couple of rock falls and the _ themselves. we have a couple of rock falls and the rest _ themselves. we have a couple of rock falls and the rest have - rock falls and the rest have been at logistical problems in waiting times for climbing the mountain has not been so — not so much problems. mountain has not been so - not so much problems.— so much problems. christian only took — so much problems. christian only took no _ so much problems. christian only took up mountain - so much problems. christian i only took up mountain climbing seven years ago, but she is clearly a quick study and is now on course to complete one of the sport's most impressive achievements. as everyone knows, mount everest is the world's highest peak. at 8849 metres. there are 13 other mountains that come in at a height above 8000 metres, and kristin has claimed 11 of them. now, she only has three more to compete the set and she wants to do it as quickly as possible. at the moment, nepal's man has the record and
if kristin beats his time she hopes it will send quite a message. i hopes it will send quite a message-— hopes it will send quite a messaue. ~ . , , message. i think that is 'ust - --eole message. i think that is 'ust - people believe i message. i think that is 'ust - people believe that i message. i think that isjust - people believe that men i message. i think that isjust - people believe that men are l people believe that men are more strong but in reality the women are just as strong as the men are in the mountain, and there is no difference between us. , there is no difference between us, , ., , there is no difference between us. , ., , ., , us. kristin has until november to set a new — us. kristin has until november to set a new record. _ us. kristin has until november to set a new record. after- us. kristin has until november to set a new record. after a i to set a new record. after a quick trip home to norway, she will head to nepal and tibet for the final phase. the last super peaks in her super sites. tim allman, bbc news. well, it will be incredible if she does it achieve that. let's bring you all of the sports news. hello there. i'm tulsen tollett, and this is your sports news, where we start with premier league football, and a heated ending to the 2—2 draw at stamford bridge between chelsea and tottenham that saw both managers sent off. thomas tuchel and antonio conte had already received yellow cards after a flare up earlier in the game, and this incident at the conclusion saw both managers handed a red card. it came after a harry kane goal six minutes into stoppage time
saw the match finish level, despite chelsea holding the advantage twice, and both managers played down the incident after the game. ijust compared i just compared to ijust compared to players who have a bit of fight on the bill, but nothing happens, nobody gets injured, and the place, if you have a harder tackle, or, fair tackle and you don't go later and apologise, it is not it is premier league football. ~ ., football. well, premier league football. well, premier league football returned _ football. well, premier league football returned to _ football. well, premier league football returned to the - football. well, premier league football returned to the city i football returned to the city ground after an absence. nothingham forest secured a 1—0 victory over west ham. taiwo awoniyi with the winner for the home side. goalkeeper dean henderson saving a second—half penalty from declan rice — another unforgettable day for a side who were bottom of the championship 12 months ago. later on monday, liverpool host crystal palace at anfield with both sides looking for their first win of the new campaign. the south londoners were beaten at home by arsenal on the opening day,
while liverpool did just enough to earn a 2—2 draw at fulham, something their manager has been reflecting on. you can lose a game, but you have to learn from it and in this case, it is exactly the same because it felt like if we would have lost it was exactly the feeling i had when i left the feeling i had when i left the stadium, but we didn't. that is the good news. we got a point. now, let's go. simona halep has won the canadian open in toronto after a tough three set win over brazil's beatriz haddad maia. the romanian who's now a three—time winner of this event struggled early on before taking the first set, and despite losing the second, showed enough guile to claim the 6—3, 2—6, 6—3 win and a 24th wta title, which also moves her back inside the world's top 10. while in the canadian masters in montreal, spaniard pablo carreno busta came from a set down to beat the eighth seeded hubert hurkacz. the pole was unbeaten in five finals before this, and carreno busta became the first unseeded winner in this event in two decades.
now let's take you to mexico city where families gathered at one of mexico's fastest growing artistic parades since the pandemic. ikaba koyi has this report. welcome to the alebrijes parade, where mythical animals coated in dazzling bright colours dance the day away. they are inspired by mexican folklore. circus artists show off their skills on stilts with gymnastics and music, and it's a summer favourite among young people. but the event got interrupted because of the pandemic. translation: during | the pandemic we locked ourselves in. children did not go outside at all. we adults did because we had to earn a living but the children needed to get out. now that iztapalapa is giving
us this, we came to enjoy it. the children can enjoy themselves and learn more about our culture. each sculpture represents elements from different animals and none are alike. they call them the alebrijes. translation: it is interesting to create and bring to life i those monsters that we might have in our dreams. everyone can build a creature but it does take up a lot of time. at the end of the parade the alebrijes are placed on display and prizes are awarded for the best one. it has become so popular in mexico city, entire families can't resist taking part. ikaba koyi, bbc news. now, we have all of the top
business stories next including the enormous profits made by a saudi arabian company. stay with us. i will give you the details in a moment. hello. after a week where, somewhere in the uk, we've recorded a daytime high of 30 celsius or above every single day, we're finally seeing the heat come to an end. moving into the new week. could see 30 celsius somewhere in eastern england today, but it will be cooler than it has been through the weekend. thunderstorms becoming more of a talking point for us, as we look into the days ahead. we could see some just about anywhere across england and wales today — but by no means everywhere, so some areas will remain stubbornly dry, while others get some quite intense downpours. eastern scotland perhaps getting some thundery showers. further north, it's the more persistent rain for central and eastern scotland and for northern ireland. it's cooler here, but still, as you saw, 30 possible somewhere in eastern england. overnight monday into tuesday, showers pushing up from the south — could be
heavy and thundery, particularly for southern counties of england, persistent rain sits across eastern scotland. it's certainly fresher for scotland and northern ireland, but still very warm and humid across much of england and wales as we start off on tuesday. through the day on tuesday, though, low pressure really does come to take hold across the uk. it's a messy weather picture. what does that mean? well, it means it's quite hard for us to pin down the exact details of where the rain will sit through the day. but basically, it's a chance of showers just about anywhere across england and wales, and they're likely to be thundery. for scotland and northern ireland, more cloud around and some outbreaks of rain and quite a cool northerly breeze — quite a difference to recent days, and we've lost that 30 celsius in eastern england. by wednesday, well, low pressure still close by, but it's focused very much to the south of the uk — high pressure, in fact, tries to sneak back in across scotland and northern ireland. wednesday looks dry for scotland and northern ireland, if cloudy at times, and it
looks like any early showers will clear from northern england and wales. but a real focus perhaps on southern england for some more intense downpours on wednesday — so that could be the day when we see the return of some well—needed rainfall here. just 23 celsius — down ten degrees on the figures through the weekend. and then, for the end of the week, we very much pick up an atlantic influence — westerly winds, some weather fronts passing through, but actually, not bringing, i think, that much in the way of rainfall. we will see more in the way of sunshine again towards the end of the week, but not a return to the highs of recent days.
this is bbc news with the latest business headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. printing money — the world's largest oil exporter, saudi aramco, makes over $48 billion in profits in in the second quarter — that's a 90% increase. japan's economy continues to grow at a healthy pace, seeing the third continuous quarter of expansion. plus, uncharted waters. an all—electric and crewless container vessel sets sail in norway. a special report on this potential shipping revolution.