hello, this bbc news, i'm david eades. our top stories. damage to russia's nordstream 1 pipeline — the president of the european commission says it was sabotage. international condemnation as occupied regions of ukraine claim victory in their self—styled referendums on joining russia. we will not, indeed we will never recognise the annexation of ukrainian territory by russia. florida braces itself for the arrival of hurricane ian after the storm system devastates cuba, leaving the entire island without power. the international monetary fund warns that the uk government's planned tax cuts could increase inequality across the country. and, with no pomp,
and little ceremony, the prince and princess of wales make their first official visit to the principality. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the president of the european commission has said sabotage was the cause of rare gas leaks in two major pipelines connecting russia and europe. ursula von der leyen has warned of the "strongest possible response" if active european energy insfrastructure is attacked. earlier, ukraine accused russia of causing the leaks in what it described as a "terrorist attack". nordstream 1 and 2, which carry supplies under the baltic sea, are not currently operational, but do still contain gas. here's our diplomatic
correspondent, james landale. nordstream correspondent, james landale. one and nord streé 2 nordstream one and nord stream 2 are due to pipelines that ring gas from russia to germany. —— that bring gas. they are the largest pipelines of their kind in the world. but look at this, significant disturbance to the sea near denmark, caused by leaking gas, it is thought. they say this area of turbulence was more than half a mile wide and shipping is being kept out of the area. the gas is leaking here near a danish island, it is thought there are a couple of leaks in nordstream one, and a third in nord stream 2. it's not known what caused the leaks, they are being investigated, but many in europe are pointing the finger at russia, including the polish prime minister. we at russia, including the polish prime minister.— prime minister. we do not yet know the details _ prime minister. we do not yet know the details of _ prime minister. we do not yet know the details of what - know the details of what happened but we clearly see
this as — happened but we clearly see this as an act of sabotage. this— this as an act of sabotage. this is— this as an act of sabotage. this is an _ this as an act of sabotage. this is an act that probably signals— this is an act that probably signals a _ this is an act that probably signals a new phase in the escalation of the situation in ukraihe~ _ escalation of the situation in ukraine. �* ., �* , escalation of the situation in ukraine. �* . �* , ,., ukraine. and that's the point, these pipelines _ ukraine. and that's the point, these pipelines are _ ukraine. and that's the point, these pipelines are at - ukraine. and that's the point, these pipelines are at the - these pipelines are at the heart of the energy battle between vladimir putin and the west. russia is already restricting gas supplies and some experts say this could be the kremlin showing it can attack critical infrastructure. that is the question, is the conflict in ukraine spreading? it's most likely a state actor is involved. only one state actor— is involved. only one state actor in— is involved. only one state actor in the baltic has the possibility, the capabilities and the _ possibility, the capabilities and the motivation to come together, and that is obviously russia — together, and that is obviously russia. ~ . ., , together, and that is obviously russia. ~ . ., . ., , ., russia. ukrainian officials are even more — russia. ukrainian officials are even more certain, _ russia. ukrainian officials are even more certain, one - russia. ukrainian officials are i even more certain, one claiming in a tweet that explicitly this was an act of aggression, he says, by russia against the european union. regardless of who or what is responsible, these leaks won't have a
immediate impact on supplies to europe, because neither of them were pumping gas, but the leaks will take time to repair, which means it's unlikely europe will get any gas on these pipes for quite a while. 98%, 98%, 98% and 97%. those are the figures declared in the unofficial referendums onjoining russia which have been held in the eastern ukrainian regions of donetsk, luhansk, zaporizhia and kherson. the united states has led renewed criticism of those votes. the american secretary of state, antony blinken, said they were a sham that would never be recognised. voting ended earlier, and russian state media has been reporting the almost total support for the proposal. our russia editor, steve rosenberg, considers what these votes will mean and how that will affect the russia—ukraine conflict. first, i want to stress the key point here that these so—called referendums were not real referendums, they were hastily
arranged, kremlin created and controlled events designed to pave the way to russian annexation of huge swathes of ukrainian territory. we may well see this happen later this week. i expect at some point this week, russia will come out and say, right, this land is now ours, even in the absence of international recognition. the question is, what happens then? the kremlin has made it pretty clear that if kyiv attacks and tries to get back these territories, then russia integrity, and it will respond with all means available to it, including, potentially, nuclear weapons. we know that washington has warned moscow that if russia uses nuclear weapons, that would have catastrophic consequences for russia. what we don't know is whether that american warning will influence vladimir putin's next move. steve rosenberg.
let's get some of the day's other news. riot police and security forces in iran have clashed with demonstrators in dozens of cities, as protests rage on over the death of a young woman in police custody. state media puts the number of dead at 41, though activists say the true figure is far higher. hundreds of people have also been arrested, including 20 journalists. members of a far—right us militia are going on trial in the most high—profile case to stem from the assault on the us capitol last year. the group's leader, stewart rhodes, is charged, along with four others, with seditious conspiracy — plotting to oppose the transfer of presidential power. all have pleaded not guilty. the president of the uganda medical association has expressed support for medical workers who have taken industrial action, accusing the government of not creating a safe working environment for them to handle the ongoing ebola outbreak. at least seven medical workers have potentially been exposed to the virus.
the colombian singer shakira has been ordered to stand trial in spain, in a tax evasion case. prosecutors said injuly that they would seek a prison sentence of more than eight years against the singer after she rejected a plea deal over accusations of tax evasion. in an interview last week, shakira said she was confident she did not owe the spanish tax office anything. the entire island of cuba is currently without power after hurricane ian tore across the western end of the island. the cuban government says the electrical system is experiencing a complete collapse after one of the main power plants could not be brought back online. hurricane ian had already left the western province of pinar del rio in darkness as well as much of the capital, havana. now, however, the authorities admit the task in bringing the electricity back soon is complex. the category three system has left a trail of destruction and flooding in its wake, as it
moved onwards towards the gulf of mexico. hurricane ian is now moving towards the us and is expected to strengthen before making landfall in florida on wednesday. this is the expected path — and residents along parts of the state's west coast have been warned of catastrophic storm surges and life—threatening flooding. florida governor ron desantis has already declared a state of emergency for the entire state. people have been urged to stock up on supplies and some mandatory evacuations are under way. kevin guthrie is the director for the florida division of emergency management and joins us now from the emergency operations center in tallahassee, florida. thanks very much indeed for your time. thanks very much indeed for yourtime. i know thanks very much indeed for your time. i know it's a bit of a watch and waitjust at the moment, but you have seen this sort of thing before and you know the impact it can have. it
sounds like ian is getting stronger if anything. that's correct. we _ stronger if anything. that's correct. we are _ stronger if anything. that's correct. we are maybe - stronger if anything. that's correct. we are maybe 28. stronger if anything. that's - correct. we are maybe 28 hours away from landfall in florida. it is expected to get to a category four storm. it will be just barely category four, but it will bring, as you mention, life—threatening storm surges, catastrophic flooding, catastrophic flooding, catastrophic storm surge to the state. , ,., , catastrophic storm surge to the state. , �*, ., state. the message is, it's a mandatory _ state. the message is, it's a mandatory evacuation, - state. the message is, it's a mandatory evacuation, you i state. the message is, it's a i mandatory evacuation, you got to get out. are you confident people will, given their past experiences? it’s people will, given their past experiences?— people will, given their past experiences? it's a tale of two states. those _ experiences? it's a tale of two states. those that _ experiences? it's a tale of two states. those that have - experiences? it's a tale of two states. those that have been l states. those that have been here for a long time usually do not heed the warnings. we do have people evacuating. we would love to see everyone evacuate. but we don't think we
will get 100% compliance. what will get 100% compliance. what are ou will get 100% compliance. what are you expecting _ will get 100% compliance. what are you expecting or— will get 100% compliance. what are you expecting or concerned about in terms of damage? still about in terms of damage? still a lot of timber homes, for example. do you think they will go. how much can a category four do? ., ., , go. how much can a category four do?— go. how much can a category four do? ., ., , ., , ., four do? category four is going to cause a _ four do? category four is going to cause a lot _ four do? category four is going to cause a lot of— four do? category four is going to cause a lot of vegetation - to cause a lot of vegetation damage, trees will probably be a 100% loss. anything that has a 100% loss. anything that has a gable roof will most likely come off. some of the areas in south—west florida, and across the southern portions, are concrete block brick homes, those will probably stand. the roof will come up or significant damage, and you will have flooding inside the home. then we will have another incident with the record rainfall. some areas of florida could have anywhere between 20-30 could have anywhere between 20—30 inches of rain in 36
hours. rising water is also going to be an issue.- hours. rising water is also going to be an issue. you have been able _ going to be an issue. you have been able to _ going to be an issue. you have been able to see _ going to be an issue. you have been able to see the _ going to be an issue. you have been able to see the impact i going to be an issue. you have been able to see the impact ofj been able to see the impact of hurricane ian already, notably in cuba, it really is catastrophic there. is that a fair reflection as to what you are gearing up for? it is fair reflection as to what you are gearing up for?- are gearing up for? it is a fair reflection _ are gearing up for? it is a fair reflection of - are gearing up for? it is a fair reflection of what - are gearing up for? it is a fair reflection of what we | are gearing up for? it is a i fair reflection of what we are gearing up for. we have literally over 30,000 responders, between electrical companies, public safety agencies, emergency management officials, federal government, state government, local government. well over 30,000 responders, staged in orlando, florida, ready to move into southwest and southeast florida to start tackling the issues after hurricane ian moves through the state of florida. it's obviously going to be a hectic time, i wish you well. thank you. one of the most powerful storms to hit vietnam for 20 years has made landfall.
typhoon noru has brought heavy rain and winds of up to 117 kilometres an hour. in vietnam's third largest city, danang, there were reports of high rise buildings shaking in the winds. hundreds of thousands of people had already been evacuated to refuge centres. stay with us on bbc news, still to come. the former pandemic heroes who struggle to make a living on brazil's streets. in all russia's turmoil, it has never quite come to this. president yeltsin said today would decide the nation's destiny. the nightmare that so many people have feared for so long is playing out its final act, here. russians are killing russians in front of a grandstand audience. it was his humility that produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. this man, israel's right—winger ariel sharon, visited the religious compound, and that started the trouble.
he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea unthinkable to palestinians. after 45 years of division, germany is one. in berlin, a million germans celebrated the rebirth of europe's biggest and richest nation. this is bbc news, the latest headlines. the president of the european commission has said sabotage was the cause of rare gas leaks in two major pipelines connecting russia and europe. as moscow—backed occupied regions of ukraine claim victory in their self—styled referendums onjoining russia, the us secretary of state says
those areas will never be recognised by the west. the international monetary fund has urged the uk government to rethink its economic policies, saying the package of measures set out by the chancellor, kwasi kwarteng, last week is likely to increase inequality. in an unusually outspoken statement, it also says: "given elevated inflation pressures in many countries, including the uk, we do not recommend large and untargeted fiscal packages at this juncture as it is important that fiscal policy does not work at cross purposes to monetary policy." the uk treasury insists it will push ahead with the plans despite a slump in the value of the pound, and warnings of further sharp rises in interest rates. uk banks and building societies are already withdrawing mortage deals, with almost all lenders pulling the deals they had on offer last week. 0ur economics editor, faisal islam, reports.
in lincolnshire, will runs superfoil, a successful manufacturer. but this insulation business can't be cushioned from falls in the value in sterling that we've seen in recent days. as most of the products we use are kind of global products — plastics and aluminiums, etc — they're all placed in the dollar. so any drop in the pound directly increases our costs proportionately. so over the last 20, 25 years that we've been running, our purchasing power for our main components is halved, making our products twice as expensive. the currency was stable today, but it remains close to historic lows. this is one of the trading desks where the credibility of britain's finances is up for question. i've never seen a budget move the pound like this in my entire career. essentially, with interest rates rising like this in the uk, it's going to be more expensive to fund the deficit, but the deficit keeps getting wider,
especially with all the announcements we had in the budget. so this kind of doom loop, the only way out of it, really, is we've got to tame inflation and get interest rates back down. so, the first thing is tame inflation and all this goes away. the problem is, the budget that we had on friday last week, the only thing it will do is probably add to inflation. the bank of england's chief economist made clear today that by november, it would deliver significant interest rate rises. i think it's hard not to draw the conclusion that all this will require a significant monetary policy response. let me leave it there. those rises from governor andrew bailey are dependent on just how much borrowing the chancellor does. he told bankers and his mps he was going to stick to his plan. as the cost of mortgages surges, the markets may not wait till november for answers. the saudi arabian crown prince mohammed bin salman has been made prime minister in a cabinet reshuffle. the post is traditionally
held by the king. mohammed bin salman has in effect been running the country for several years, bringing in social and cultural changes, but also overseeing widespread repression of dissident voices. but what can we expect from this change in the saudi government? for more on that, i'm joined now by drjessie moritz, from the centre for arab and islamic studies at the australian national university in canberra. very good to have you on the programme. what do you read into this? at the end of the day, king salaman is 86, he is not well, probably not in the best condition to be running the country. best condition to be running the country-— the country. yes, it's true, the country. yes, it's true, the king — the country. yes, it's true, the king has _ the country. yes, it's true, the king has been - the country. yes, it's true, the king has been sick, - the country. yes, it's true, the king has been sick, he| the country. yes, it's true, - the king has been sick, he was hospitalised in may this year, but there's more going on in this story as well. the crown prince hammered beantown man,
he has also been facing a civil lawsuit in the united states. —— the crown prince bin salman. brought by the fiancee of jamal khashoggi. there is questions about diplomatic immunity, but the us says they only offer it to heads of state and senior ministers, so until now bin salman hasn't been sure he would enjoy that immunity so this is an attempt to give him a more formal senior ministerial position to nudge the us to give him that diplomatic immunity. so the us to give him that diplomatic immunity. so you see this as a shoring _ diplomatic immunity. so you see this as a shoring up _ diplomatic immunity. so you see this as a shoring up of _ diplomatic immunity. so you see this as a shoring up of his - this as a shoring up of his position and the diplomatic security, but will it have any impact on his domestic priorities or his international ones? you bought in the us there. , , there. domestically, it probably _ there. domestically, it probably won't - there. domestically, it
probably won't change | there. domestically, it- probably won't change much immediately on the ground. the crown prince was already the de facto ruler, he has vision 2030, numerous transformation project in saudi arabia. diplomatically, they have been trying to improve relations with a number of international actors, including qatar, turkey, israel, and also with the united states. so there is a pattern of trying to improve m b gi einternational image and improve relations with a number of international states. —— mbs's of international states. —— mbs�*s international image. of international states. -- mbs's international image. some excoriatinu mbs's international image. some excoriating remarks _ mbs's international image. some excoriating remarks from - mbs's international image. some excoriating remarks from joe - excoriating remarks from joe biden and then moving onto uncomfortable fist bumps with him in the summer. whether the tension lie now? it is him in the summer. whether the tension lie now?— tension lie now? it is still an awkward _ tension lie now? it is still an awkward relationship -
tension lie now? it is still an awkward relationship and . tension lie now? it is still an i awkward relationship and there is still resentment in saudi arabia over biden's comments. he was critical of saudi arabia as vice president under barack 0bama, and on the campaign trail before he became president he was also critical, claiming he would make saudi arabia a pariah, he said he would seize arm export that might be used in yemen. there was a lot of bluster, but when the rubber hit the road, biden has found he has had to embrace real politics, and you can understand why that might happen. they are trying to negotiate a deal with iran on nuclear issues. there is a ceasefire in yemen that saudi arabia is involved with. they want to encourage saudi arabia to improve their relationship with israel as part of the abraham accords. and most importantly, the energy crisis, the us needs saudi arabia. the challenge for biden, if they grant diplomatic immunity or advise the federal courtjudge on monday that he should have
immunity in this court case, is going to face a lot of domestic pushback, possibly also from congress. at, pushback, possibly also from congress— pushback, possibly also from concress. �* ., ., ., ., congress. a lot at stake, a lot of challenges, _ congress. a lot at stake, a lot of challenges, thank - congress. a lot at stake, a lot of challenges, thank you - congress. a lot at stake, a lot of challenges, thank you for i of challenges, thank you for your analysis. brazilians are voting this sunday in a tight presidential election, as many in the country are struggling with the cost of living crisis. celebrated as heroes during the pandemic, many food delivery riders in brazil now say they're on the brink of starvation. agustina latourrette has been speaking to drivers sleeping on the streets of sao paulo between shifts, to save money on fuel. the cost of living has increased, i never starved before the pandemic, now i do. they have been a delivery rider in sao paulo for more than ten years, but since the pandemic eased, he says he now owns a
quarter of what he used to. it quarter of what he used to. it is an invisible profession, no one knows what we suffer on the streets. , , , ., ~ ., streets. despite working an extra four _ streets. despite working an extra four hours _ streets. despite working an extra four hours every - streets. despite working an extra four hours every day, | extra four hours every day, soaring inflation rates mean he is having to resort to extreme measures. instead of going home at the end of his shift, he sleeps here on the street. sleeping on the street is sleeping with state, even the dogs wee on us, i have been robbed and shot three times. all this to save an extra $3 a day. all this to save an extra $3 a da . ~ , , , . .,, , all this to save an extra $3 a day. my biggest cost is my commute _ day. my biggest cost is my commute to _ day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, - day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, so - day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, so i - day. my biggest cost is my i commute to work, so i either sleep on the street to save money or i starve.- sleep on the street to save money or i starve. but in the throes of _ money or i starve. but in the throes of an _ money or i starve. but in the throes of an election, - money or i starve. but in the| throes of an election, brazil's cost of living crisis has become politicised by both sides. president bolsonaro has recently launched a cap on
fuel. , , , , , fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel ca- fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel cap will _ fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel cap will only _ fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel cap will only last - fuel. yes, this helps, but the fuel cap will only last until. fuel cap will only last until the end of this political moment. it is governmental marketing to win over my vote. his motivation to survive is for his son, who lives 3000 kilometres away with his mother. i kilometres away with his mother-— kilometres away with his mother. . �* , mother. i haven't seen him in ears. mother. i haven't seen him in years- when _ mother. i haven't seen him in years- when i _ mother. i haven't seen him in years. when i speak- mother. i haven't seen him in years. when i speak about i mother. i haven't seen him in| years. when i speak about my son, i get emotional. so years. when i speak about my son, i get emotional.- son, i get emotional. so he carries on. _ son, i get emotional. so he carries on, driving - son, i get emotional. so he carries on, driving all- son, i get emotional. so he carries on, driving all day l son, i get emotional. so he l carries on, driving all day and taking his chances on the street. william and katherine have made their first official visit as prince and princess of wales — visiting anglesey in north wales — where they lived in the early years of their marriage. prince william's office says there are no plans for an investiture on the scale of the one seen in 1969 when the then prince charles was crowned. hywel griffith reports.
a first tentative step back onto familiar ground. for this inaugural visit as prince and princess of wales, william and catherine returned to anglesey — somewhere they knew the welcome would be warm. hip hip... hooray! the island was their home for three years, when william served as a search and rescue pilot. it's a place where he can claim some local knowledge. half a century ago, the tone was very different as charles was formally invested as prince of wales. the palace has made it known that there are no plans to repeat this kind of ceremony any time soon, as most people struggle with the cost of living. i don't think we need a grand investiture as it was before. and i think prince charles, the old prince charles — king charles now — has said he doesn't want that for his son.
they were talking about the investiture and whether to have it or not, and i think it'sjust, i don't know, politics and... you know, they're different to the politicians. but some of those politicians ultimately don't want there to be a prince of wales at all. it doesn't really fit with - the modern democratic wales. it doesn't really symbolise the nation as it is today... j so you wouldn't have a prince of wales at all? no, we don't think... there is a role for it - in modern democratic wales. a crowd in swansea clearly see things differently. while everything's tightly managed, there's clearly been effort to make this first visit less formal, with long walkabouts and plenty of handshakes, consciously avoiding that image of pomp and ceremony. this, then, was about persuading a nation to embrace a new prince and princess. another visit is being planned before christmas. hywel griffith, bbc news, swansea.
that's it. hello there. there's been quite an autumnal flavour to our weather story both by day and at nightjust recently. there's more sunshine and showers to come. plenty of rainbows potentially in the sky, but the wind strength will ease through wednesday, still coming from the north, so still a coolish source. now it's this weather front here that could be a key player as we go through wednesday. it's going to enhance some showers in off the north seas. it's these here, they'll gradually drift their way towards newcastle and down to hull area, some of them heavy and thundery. ahead of it, largely fine with some sunshine, a few scattered showers running down through perhaps the west—facing coasts of wales and south west england. we will see temperatures struggling for the time of year, around 13—16 celsius, and some of these showers
could turn heavy and thundery. now, they are likely to drift their way steadily southwards through wednesday night into the early hours of thursday morning. so still there to clear first thing on thursday. but on the whole, this little ridge of high pressure builds and quietens things down for many on thursday. so some early showers clearing south of the m4 corridor. a few showers still coming in off the north sea for northeast england, but generally fine and settling with a little more sunshine and lighter winds. temperatures will be a degree or so higher back to where they should be really for this time of year. however, it's all change into friday. we're likely to see some pretty wet and windy weather. so, useful rain for all of us at some point on friday. ahead of it, it is going to be largely fine and dry, so not a bad start. if you've got plans for outside, get out and do it first thing in the morning. that rain turning into western scotland, northern ireland, northwest england as we go through lunchtime and then gradually drifting
its way southeast. so probably not arriving into east anglia and southeast england until the end of the day. top temperatures of around 17 celsius. now, as we move into the weekend, that weather front could be a bit of a nuisance for some of us. it's going to continue to push its way steadily south and east. and as you can see, we trail it all the way back out into the atlantic. so for central and southern england, we could see some rain persisting for the start of the weekend, but, eventually, sunday will see somewhat drier, brighter and once again, warmer conditions returning. take care.
you're watching bbc news. the headlines... the president of the european commission has said sabotage was the cause of gas leaks in two major pipelines connecting russia and europe. ursula von der leyen has warned of the "strongest possible response" if european energy insfrastructure is attacked. ukraine has accused russia of causing the leaks. officials installed by russia in four occupied regions of ukraine have reported huge majorities of votes, in self—styled referendums, in favour ofjoining russia. the us secretary of state has said the votes are a "sham" and that the west will never recognise the results. residents of florida are preparing for the arrival of hurricane ian which is expected to make landfall