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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  September 28, 2022 5:00am-5:29am BST

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for viewers in the uk and around the world. i'm sally bundock. russia threatens to veto any un security council resolution condemning its self—styled referendums in occupied regions of ukraine. surges, floods and winds as hurricane ian approaches. the international monetary fund warns that the uk government's planned tax cuts could increase inequality across the country. and we report on the former pandemic heroes now struggling to make a living
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on brazil's streets. russia says it will veto any un security council resolution condemning its self—styled referendums in occupied regions of ukraine. the us intends to bring a draft resolution to a vote in the coming days. earlier, the us secretary of state antony blinken said the west would never acknowledge what he called "bogus referendums." moscow claims almost total support in the vote onjoining russia. our russia editor, steve rosenberg, considers what these votes will mean — and how that will affect (tx next) the russia—ukraine conflict. first, i want to stress the key point here that these so—called referendums were not real referendums, they were hastily
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arranged, kremlin—created, kremlin—controlled events designed to pave the way to russian annexation of huge swathes of ukrainian territory. we may well see this happen later this week. i expect at some point this week, russia will come out and say, right, this land is now ours, even in the absence of international recognition. the question is, what happens then? the kremlin has made it pretty clear that if kyiv attacks and tries to get back these territories, then russia will view that as an attack against its territorial integrity, and it will respond with all means available to it, including, potentially, nuclear weapons. we know that washington has warned moscow that if russia uses nuclear weapons, that would have catastrophic consequences for russia. what we don't know is whether that american warning will influence vladimir putin's next move. steve rosenberg.
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while ukrainian forces have successfully advanced to retake large parts of their territory in the east, their progress in the southern regions of kherson and zaporizhzhia has been far more limited. both sides in the south come under regularfire as they heavily rely on artillery to push forward. the bbc�*s abdujalil abdurasulov has rare access to the ukrainian front line positions in the kherson region and sent this report. this peaceful view is deceptive. the front line is less than two kilometres away. this is artillery firing, the deputy commander explains. his unit is at the forefront of ukrainian troops near kherson. although the advancement on their forces although the advancement on theirforces in although the advancement on their forces in the south
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situation here has significantly. signifi a ltly. signifi a month ago, the translation: a month ago, the russians were _ here. | �*itis �* it is much easier now it is much easier because long—range rocket launchers are working. russian ammunition is destroyed. their supply routes get hit and �* they feel the get hit and now they feel the shortage of ammunition. at this ehi�**§35% if fmt�*h�*jh'f'i�*“ 25 eit'e "wm"? ,,.... 7 we eh“*355 if immentmi�*f “as w w , we are shfitésé fifémmt'fitffméhhe " ,, ' ,. we are trying to shfitésé fifémmt'fitffméhhe ,, w ' w we are trying to push stage, we are trying to push them back. stage, we are trying to push them back- _ stage, we are trying to push them back. ., , ., , them back. , that. back this position just a took back this position just a week ago. and digging in week ago. and now digging in and fortifying it. without fighterjets, it is hard for the ukrainians to advance. air support is still rare. so big guns continue to play a key role in this war. translation: ., , translation: right now, it is artillery that — translation: right now, it is artillery that gets _ translation: right now, it is artillery that gets the - translation: right now, it is artillery that gets the work. i artillery that gets the work. we regularly destroy enemy's fighting positions. sometimes they target our military from
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armoured vehicles. we immediately respond. this is a soviet self-propelled - soviet self—propelled artillery. its life—cycle ended long ago, but the ukrainian army had little choice but to use every weapon they have. begun has received an instruction to destroy a russian installation. translation: russian installation. tuna/mom- russian installation. translation: ., translation: the position, it is all about _ translation: the position, it is all about john _ translation: the position, it is all about john mcphee, - is all about john mcphee, angles _ is all about john mcphee, angles and _ is all aboutjohn mcphee, angles and distances. - is all aboutjohn mcphee, angles and distances. go three we are ouloibere. the}; arejusta l, firing and now we get out from area is get. set. tram the arses? ' " as is get. set. tram the arses? w' " as because te get eet them the grease" w' " as because the it. *: ee "may 5 may to the exact j the exact location identify the exact location where the firing and that place as they target that place as well. they have avoided return and
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to the got back to the base safely. their job got back to the base safely. theirjob is done but the not over. after hurricane ian tore across the western end of the island. the cuban government says the electrical system is experiencing a complete collapse after one of the main power plants could not be brought back online. hurricane ian had already left the western province of pinar del rio in darkness as well as much of the capital, havana. now, however, the authorities admit the task in bringing the electricity back soon is complex. the category three system has left a trail of destruction and flooding in its wake, as it moved onwards towards the gulf of mexico. a short time ago, i got this update from our central america and cuba correspondent will grant. when it it kubot on the western end of the island, and barrelled in at over 200
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kilometres per hour. winds, huge topping of rain across a very rural, important region of the country for agriculture. it is the heart of the island's tobacco industry. we have seen images of crops completely destroyed, and of course roofs ripped off homes, power lines are down. it is estimated that i are down. it is estimated that i million people are still without power on that western end of the island. thankfully, the capital, havana, seems like it has avoided the worst and it was simply rain, lightning, high winds, but the damage has been relatively contained, which is important because so many buildings in havana are in a precarious state in the first place, but this really comes at the very, very worst time for cuba at the moment. it is in dire economic straits and this will affect, as i say, the agricultural sector and so potentially the distribution of basic foods around the island. cubans know how to deal with her against. there is no doubt about that. people evacuated
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from the outer lying islands and came onto the mainland. people stay with families. the authorities argued — are good at mobilising quickly in times like this. of course, like i said, the economics of the situation are dire in cuba at present. they simply don't have many of the basic tools that might be needed to help get things back online, to help clear trees, to help clear paths, shelters, emergency supplies and so on. so it is a very difficult scenario to cope with. we hope is, though, that because it was limited to the western end of the island, that the need is contained and that the need is contained and that the authorities, the communist run authorities, will be able to get down to the people who needed the most quickly. hurricane ian is now moving towards the us — and is expected to strengthen before making landfall in florida on wednesday. this is the expected path — and residents along parts of the state's west coast have been warned of �*catastrophic�* storm surges
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and life—threatening flooding. florida governor ron de santis has already declared a state of emergency for the entire state. people have been urged to stock up on supplies, and some mandatory evacuations are under way. our reporter azadeh moshiri in florida. their severe damage in cuba and it was a category three storm when it made landfill. officials there aren't quite sure how high a category it will be when it makes land full in florida. they had been adjusting the path. either way, they are warning that it could be life—threatening and so they have been making very serious preparations. governor dissenters has put a state of emergency in place in all 67 counties. he has mobilised up to 65,000 national guard troops and other preparations are being made as well. schools are being made as well. schools are being shutdown, turned into potential shelters. and here in a place like tampa bay where it is an extremely low lying area
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with buildings that are extremely vulnerable, mandatory evacuations are in place. kevin guthrie is the director for the florida division of emergency management — he gave us an update on how people are preparing for the approaching hurricane. it isa it is a tale of two states. the it is a tale of two states. �* that the we it is a tale of two states. �* tha to the we it is a tale of two states. �*tha to see the we it is a tale of two states. �*tha to se don't the we it is a tale of two states. going a to se don't the we it is a tale of two states. going a t category the we going to cause a lot of style going to cause a lot of �* the style going to cause a lot of 7 are tje rye 777 going to cause a lot of are �* concrete ée florida are actually concrete
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block stand. roofs will florida are actually concrete block stand. r| or; will roof going roof 7 7 (florida between da �* rain neen da 30 rainneen d hiseit!) 2: w raini issue. h iseié!) 2: w ten people have now died and eight others are still missing after a powerful typhoon hit the main island of the philippines. typhoon noru has also hit vietnam, bringing heavy rainfall and winds of a hundred and fifty kilometres an hour. the storm felled trees and blew off roofs, and left many areas flooded, including the streets of the historic city of hoi an, a popular tourist attraction. the government has warned residents to remain alert for flash floods and landslides, which may pose a greater threat than the storm itself, which is now weakening as it heads to thailand.
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the international monetary fund — the world's most important financial institution — has criticised the british government's plans for tax cuts, warning that measures will �*increase inequality�*. it follows the chancellor's mini—budget last week which saw the value of the pound slump to an all—time low. now, some of the uk's biggest lenders have suspended mortgage deals amid the uncertainty, as gareth barlow reports. from the organisation that works to stabilise the global economy and act as an economic early warning system came a stark and unusually blunt warning on tuesday night. the international monetary fund openly criticising the government for the tax cuts unveiled last week. in a statement, the world the — one of the well�*s important natural institutes said the uk's developments were being closely monitored and are targeted
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fiscal packages were not recommended at a time of high inflation. it warned the government that its mini budget risked increasing inequality. the combination britain is facing is very ominous. i think the kind of warning that britain received from the imf todayis britain received from the imf today is a kind of warning that comes much more frequently to emerging markets with new governments than to our country like britain. mr governments than to our country like britain-— like britain. mr speaker, we are at the — like britain. mr speaker, we are at the beginning - like britain. mr speaker, we are at the beginning of - like britain. mr speaker, we are at the beginning of a - like britain. mr speaker, we| are at the beginning of a new era — are at the beginning of a new era. �* . , are at the beginning of a new era. ~ ., , era. and that is the point the government _ era. and that is the point the government was _ era. and that is the point the government was keen - era. and that is the point the government was keen to - era. and that is the point the i government was keen to stress, that in this new liz truss era taxes will be cut and so the government says the economy will grow. responding to the imf criticism, the treasury said, we are focused on growing
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the economy to raise living standards for everyone. adding that more monetary plans will be made public in late november. but before that, we can to pound means the price of goods and services imported into the uk will increase. with everything from food to smartphones liable to be affected. raising prices at a time when costs have already soared. and the prospect the bank of england may raise interest rates to shore up confidence means mortgage companies have pulled deals and borrowers face paying more on their repayments. in borrowers face paying more on their repayments.— their repayments. in the long term, their repayments. in the long term. the _ their repayments. in the long term, the biggest _ their repayments. in the long term, the biggest sickle - their repayments. in the long j term, the biggest sickle force that drives _ term, the biggest sickle force that drives house _ term, the biggest sickle force that drives house prices- term, the biggest sickle force that drives house prices is- that drives house prices is interest— that drives house prices is interest rates— that drives house prices is interest rates and - that drives house prices is. interest rates and mortgage rates — interest rates and mortgage rates and _ interest rates and mortgage rates and the _ interest rates and mortgage rates and the amount - interest rates and mortgage rates and the amount of- interest rates and mortgage . rates and the amount of money that people _ rates and the amount of money that heaple can— rates and the amount of money that people can afford - rates and the amount of money that people can afford to - that people can afford to borrow _ that people can afford to borrow to _ that people can afford to borrow to pay _ that people can afford to borrow to pay for - that people can afford to borrow to pay for houses that people can afford to - borrow to pay for houses and i think— borrow to pay for houses and i think what— borrow to pay for houses and i think what we _ borrow to pay for houses and i think what we are _ borrow to pay for houses and i think what we are seeing - borrow to pay for houses and i think what we are seeing is i think what we are seeing is with— think what we are seeing is with the _ think what we are seeing is with the rapid _ think what we are seeing is with the rapid increase - think what we are seeing is with the rapid increase in. with the rapid increase in interest— with the rapid increase in interest rates— with the rapid increase in interest rates that - with the rapid increase in interest rates that we - with the rapid increase in| interest rates that we are about _ interest rates that we are about to _ interest rates that we are about to see, _ interest rates that we are about to see, it - interest rates that we are about to see, it would . interest rates that we arel about to see, it would just interest rates that we are - about to see, it would just be very— about to see, it would just be very hard _ about to see, it would just be very hard for— about to see, it would just be very hard for buyers - about to see, it would just be very hard for buyers to - about to see, it would just be very hard for buyers to afford| very hard for buyers to afford to pay— very hard for buyers to afford to pay the _ very hard for buyers to afford to pay the prices _ very hard for buyers to afford to pay the prices that - very hard for buyers to afford to pay the prices that housesj to pay the prices that houses are currently— to pay the prices that houses are currently at. _ to pay the prices that houses are currently at. of- to pay the prices that houses are currently at.— are currently at. of course, predictions _ are currently at. of course, predictions are _ are currently at. of course, predictions are only - are currently at. of course, predictions are only that. i are currently at. of course, l predictions are only that. the
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future can bring all sorts of boom and bust that hasn't been foreseen. but the fears from the markets in the global body that aims to ensure a settled, level market is that the government's plans may threaten the uk's prosperity, social equality and ability to ride out anyway ahead. i'll have a lot more on the imf�*s statement in about 15 minutes. also to ct pan has let more down versus the dollar today. so we will also be talking to a market analyst about all of the market analyst about all of the market reaction so far. that to come. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: like a chilled version of a cat, but fluffier — the pets that you can own for the hour. in all russia's turmoil, it has never quite come to this.
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president yeltsin said today would decide the nation's destiny. the nightmare that so many people have feared for so long is playing out its final act, here. russians are killing russians in front of a grandstand audience. it was his humility that produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. this man, israel's right—winger ariel sharon, visited the religious compound, and that started the trouble. he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea unthinkable to palestinians. in berlin, a million germans celebrated the rebirth of europe's biggest and richest nation.
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this is bbc news, the latest headlines: russia threatens to veto any un security council resolution condemning its self—styled referendums in occupied regions of ukraine. surges, floods and winds as hurricane ian approaches. brazilians are voting this sunday in a tight presidential election, as many in the country are struggling with the cost of living crisis. celebrated as heroes during the pandemic, many food delivery riders in brazil now say they're on the brink of starvation. agustina latourrette has been speaking to drivers sleeping on the streets of sao paulo between shifts, to save money on fuel. the cost of living has
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increased. i had never stopped before the pandemic. now i do. this man has been a deliberate driver in sao paulo for more than ten years, but since the pandemic eased, he says he now earns a quarter of what he used to. it earns a quarter of what he used to. , ., ., , , to. it is an unfeasible profession. _ to. it is an unfeasible profession. no - to. it is an unfeasible profession. no one . to. it is an unfeasible - profession. no one knows what we �* on the we suffer on the streets. working an extra four we suffer on the streets. soaring.1g an ex' rates r hours soaring inflation rates mean he is having to instead of extreme measures. instead of going home at end �* his he here the shift, he sleeps here on the street. ,, , ., , street. sleeping on the street is sleeping — street. sleeping on the street is sleeping with _ street. sleeping on the street is sleeping with fate. - street. sleeping on the street is sleeping with fate. even - street. sleeping on the street| is sleeping with fate. even the dogs we on us. i have been robbed, shot three times. shall robbed, shot three times. all of this to _ robbed, shot three times. all of this to save an extra $3 per day. of this to save an extra $3 per da . ~ , , , . .,, , of this to save an extra $3 per day. my biggest cost is my commute _ day. my biggest cost is my commute to _ day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, - day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, so - day. my biggest cost is my commute to work, so i - day. my biggest cost is my i commute to work, so i either
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sleep on the street to save money, or ice dive. but sleep on the street to save money, or ice dive.- sleep on the street to save money, or ice dive. but in a time of _ money, or ice dive. but in a time of an _ money, or ice dive. but in a time of an election, - money, or ice dive. but in a time of an election, brazil'sj time of an election, brazil's cost of living crisis has become politicised by both sides. president poulsen r has recently launched a fuel cap. yes, it helps but it will only last — yes, it helps but it will only last until— yes, it helps but it will only last until the end of this government. it is marketing to win over— government. it is marketing to win over my vote and yours. his motivation _ win over my vote and yours. his motivation to _ win over my vote and yours. h 3 motivation to survive is born of his son, who lives 3000 kilometres away with his mother. i kilometres away with his mother-— kilometres away with his mother. ., �* , mother. i haven't seen him in ears. mother. i haven't seen him in years- when _ mother. i haven't seen him in years- when i _ mother. i haven't seen him in years. when i speak- mother. i haven't seen him in years. when i speak about. mother. i haven't seen him in| years. when i speak about my son, i get emotional. fighting son, i get emotional. fighting so he carries on, driving all day and taking his chances on the street. day and taking his chances on the street-—
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the street. cost of living crisis, the street. cost of living crisis. it _ the street. cost of living crisis, it is _ the street. cost of living crisis, it is impacting - the street. cost of living i crisis, it is impacting many worldwide. here's the latest sports news. hello. i am mark edwards with your sport. we start in the nation's league as spain snatched their place in next year's final, dramatic win over portugal. there was a late goal in the match to send spain to the semifinals. they needed to win to finish top of their group and struggled until the goal in the 88th minute. spain joined the netherlands, croatia and italy in next year's finals. euro 2020 runners up england have not had an easy build—up to the world cup. they haven't won a game since march and that includes suffering a humbling 4—0 defeat at the hands of hungary. gareth southgate was more positive after their 3—3 draw against germany on monday. gary neville told us that the men have over performed in the last few years. performed in the last few ears. . , performed in the last few ears. ., , ., .,
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years. he has done an unbelievable - years. he has done an unbelievable job - years. he has done an unbelievable job withl years. he has done an - unbelievable job with england. it is incredible what he has achieved and the fact that he is under pressure going into the world cup isjust is under pressure going into the world cup is just an absolute nonsense. i have been to eight tournaments as player and coach. i am disappointed with the plans by getting knocked out in quarters and semifinals are not making it through group games. this group have got to the semifinals and finals and they are punching well above their weight and they are doing really well and we should back them going into the world cup in qatar in a few weeks. �* . . the world cup in qatar in a few weeks. �* ., ., _, weeks. brazil have condemned the racist abuse _ weeks. brazil have condemned the racist abuse of _ weeks. brazil have condemned the racist abuse of richarlisonl the racist abuse of richarlison a further he had a banana and other objects thrown at him in a friendly. he celebrated after scoring brazil plus mexican colin paris. the brazilian football confederation said it reinforced its position to combat racism and repudiate any display of prejudice brazil had posed with an antiracism banner prior to kick—off. richarlison says he did not notice what
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happened. i says he did not notice what happened-— says he did not notice what ha ened. .,, ., ~ ., happened. i was talking about this with four _ happened. i was talking about this with four me _ happened. i was talking about this with four me now, - happened. i was talking about this with four me now, saying | this with four me now, saying that— this with four me now, saying that i— this with four me now, saying that i think god didn't allow me to — that i think god didn't allow me to see that because i don't know— me to see that because i don't know what i could have done in the heat — know what i could have done in the heat of the moment. may this fan— the heat of the moment. may this fan be identified and punished. it is hard. you see what — punished. it is hard. you see what happens inside a stadium. maybe — what happens inside a stadium. maybe authorities find and punish _ maybe authorities find and punish him, may this incident teach — punish him, may this incident teach other people not to do it. ., ., teach other people not to do it. to golf, phil mickelson and ian it. to golf, phil mickelson and tan poulter — it. to golf, phil mickelson and ian poulter dropped _ it. to golf, phil mickelson and ian poulter dropped out - it. to golf, phil mickelson and ian poulter dropped out of - ian poulter dropped out of lawsuit filed against the pga tour. it is over its decision to suspend players who participate in the new controversial saudi backed series. a trial is set for 2024. series. a trial is set for 202a. multiple players had previously removed their names from the case. china's first fi driver has signed a deal that will keep him at alfa romeo for
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another season. the shanghai native is 17th in the fi drivers championship. alfa say they have been impressed with his commitment and attitude throughout the season. jonathan malan sprinted to victory in the opening stage of the tour of croatia, taking the first win of his professional bout career. the bahrain victorious cycler went for the win. it was an all italian podium. and that is all your sport from now. from me, goodbye. let's take you to the us now where one enterprising woman looked around her home
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and hit upon a novel idea to create a whole new revenue stream. as stephanie prentice reports. is than may seem like it is just filled with alpacas with enviable haircuts, but it is also filled with dreams. dreams of andrea diaz, who quit her bartending job in virginia to pursue her true goal of attaching pom—poms to her pet alpacas and using them to cheer up alpacas and using them to cheer up her fellow alpacas and using them to cheer up herfellow americans. 50 up her fellow americans. so alacas up her fellow americans. sr alpacas are pets are amazing. they are like an nondestructive cat. they mind their own business, they walk around the house, munching their hay. they don't have any petite so they will not chew on your staff are the up the carpet. it will not chew on your staff are the up the carpet.— the up the carpet. it is now a successful— the up the carpet. it is now a successful business - the up the carpet. it is now a successful business that - the up the carpet. it is now a successful business that has | the up the carpet. it is now a l successful business that has 14 successful business that has ia alpacas and is appearing at restaurants, special occasions and events. and while
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neighbourhood hounds may have their reservations, andrea says when it comes to bookings, to see grown—ups that need an alpaca in their lives the most. peter garcia is a regular customer.— peter garcia is a regular customer. . . , ., customer. are customers love it and people _ customer. are customers love it and people around _ customer. are customers love it and people around the - customer. are customers love it and people around the street, i and people around the street, they— and people around the street, they ask— and people around the street, they ask if they are real and they— they ask if they are real and they come and take a picture. the _ they come and take a picture. the lesson from andrea for anyone looking to start their own business, give it a go. sometimes the grass is greener. there you have it. i told you. innovation and enterprise in times of tricky outlook. the prince and princess of wales have made their first official visit to the nation since they were given their new titles. william and katherine visited anglesey in north wales, where they lived for three years after getting married, and the city of swansea in south wales. prince william's office said there are no plans for him
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to have an investiture on the scale of the one seen in 1969 when prince charles was crowned. you can reach me on twitter — i'm @ sally bundock bbc. hello. there has been an autumnal story to our weather day and night. more sunshine and showers to come, plenty of rainbows in the sky. but the wind strength will ease through wednesday. still coming from the north so still cool. this weather front could be a key player as we go through wednesday. it will enhance some showers of the north sea. these will gradually drift their way towards newcastle and down towards hull, some will be heavy and thundery. ahead of it, largely fine with some sunshine and some scattered showers running down through
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the coast of wales and south—west england. we will see temperatures struggling for the time of year, still around 13—16. some of the showers could turn heavy and thundery. they are likely to drift steadily south through wednesday into the early hours of thursday morning. still there to clear first thing on thursday. on the whole, this ridge of high pressure builds and quietens things down for many on thursday. early showers clearing south of the ma corridor. generally fine and settled, lighter winds. temperatures will be a degree or so higher, back to where they should be for this time of year. however, it is all change into friday. we are likely to see some pretty wet and windy weather. so useful rain for all of us at some point on friday. ahead, it will be largely fine and dry so not a bad start. if you have got plans for outside, get out and do it, that rain turning into western scotland,
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northern ireland, north—west england as we go to lunchtime and then gradually going south—east. not arriving into east anglia and south—east england until the end of the day. top temperatures of around 17. as we move into the weekend, that weather front could be a bit of a nuisance for some of us. it will continue to push steadily south and east, and as you can see, we trail it all the way back out into the atlantic, so for central and southern england, we could see some rain persisting for the start of the weekend. but eventually sunday will see drier, brighter and warmer conditions returning. take care.
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this is bbc news with the latest business headlines with me sally bundock. the international monetary fund takes aim at the british government's fiscal plans with a warning about inflation and inequality. the pound continues to slip and share markets in asia slide as surgingborrowing costs feed fears that a global recession is on the horizon. and the first kitemark for farmers will be launched today to measure their performance in reaching net zero targets.
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the value of the pound has dropped again today

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