this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. speaking to the bbc, ukraine's president zelensky urges russians to make a stand against the war. translation: all that to is afraid | of, it's not even a nuclear strike, | he's afraid of his own society — he's afraid of his own people. the nobel peace prize isjointly awarded to two ukrainian and russian civil liberties groups and an activist imprisoned in belarus. five months after a mass shooting that claimed the lives of 19 students in texas, the school district in uvalde suspends its entire police force responsible for school security. a big push from the uk government
to extract more oil and gas , but critics say is will make it harder to control climate change. ukraine's president zelensky has told the bbc that he echoes president biden�*s warning that any use of nuclear weapons would lead to armageddon. he's urged russians to stand up against the war. it comes as ukrainian troops continue making steady progress in reclaiming land occupied by russian forces in the east and south of the country. our world affairs editor john simpson has been speaking to president zelensky in kyiv. they begin to prepare their society.
that is very dangerous. they are not ready to do it, to use it, but they begin to communicate. you mean re are begin to communicate. you mean prepare society — begin to communicate. you mean prepare society for _ begin to communicate. you mean prepare society for using - begin to communicate. you mean prepare society for using a - begin to communicate. you mean | prepare society for using a nuclear weapon? prepare society for using a nuclear wea on? ., prepare society for using a nuclear weaon? ., ~ ., , prepare society for using a nuclear weaon? ., ~' ., , ., �* prepare society for using a nuclear weaon? ., ~' ., , ~ ., weapon? you know, they don't know if the will weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use — weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use or — weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use or they _ weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use or they will _ weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use or they will not _ weapon? you know, they don't know if they will use or they will not use. - they will use or they will not use. i think it's dangerous to even speak about it. i said, you have to do preventive kicks, not attacks, we are not terrorists, and we don't fight on another territory. even our attitude from our society, attitude to to russians after this invasion, after all these eight years war, eight years blood tragedy, even after this, attitude from us, to them, to society, we are not ready to kill people, like russians do it. translation: i would like to say that it's necessary _ translation: i would like to say that it's necessary to _ translation: i would like to say that it's necessary to act, - translation: i would like to say that it's necessary to act, and - translation: i would like to say that it's necessary to act, and i i that it's necessary to act, and i will return to preemptive sanctions again. it's necessary to act now. there's no need to think about the
risks that will arise later. i agree that this is armageddon. it's a risk for the whole planets. still, why do we have to think about whether it will happen or not? of russia has made this step, it's captured our nuclear power station. the world can stop and it can do this urgently the actions by the russian occupiers. the world can make an appeal and dates can implement a sanctions package in such cases and do all it can to make them leave this nuclear power station. can to make them leave this nuclear powerstation. in can to make them leave this nuclear power station. in other words, they are making of these risks that exist already. do you think that president putin is capable of launching nuclear weapons and using them? translation: |f| say, - for example, they are incapable of using nuclear weapons, then an inadequate person who has this power in his hands will say, "really? i can't?" "well, here, see how
i can and then use it." now, if i say he can use them, it can cause panic in many countries, including ukraine. all that putin is afraid of — it's not even a nuclear strike — he's afraid of his own society. he is afraid of his own people, because only these people can replace him — strip him of his power and give it to another person. do you think they should stand up against him? they, the poeple, shouldn't be afraid. let them not fight against somebody, but for themselves. take ta ke to take to the streets, right at, say it. fight for themselves. translation: those mobilised kids now, well, they come with nothing, | without guns or body armour. they are being deployed as animal. if they want to get barbecued, fine, let them come, but if they are
people after all, if they think it's about their own lives, then they need to fight. not for ukraine. we fight for ourselves, fight for your own bodies, yourfreedom, your rights, your souls. if you do win, we'll the vladimir putin survive? translation: i don't care. in moscow president putin has been celebrating his 70th birthday. the head of russia's orthodox church told the nation mr putin's rule was "mandated by god," praising him for "transforming russia's image" and defending "its national interests". but on russian television, there's now open criticism of the ukraine war. and this year's nobel peace prize has been awarded to human rights campaigners from russia, belarus and ukraine. our russia editor steve rosenberg reports from moscow. 70 today, vladimir putin was hosting regional leaders — a little summit in a large palace.
his guests, of course, had brought him gifts, including, bizarrely, a mountain of melons. out on the streets, a highly choreographed happy birthday. "putin's my president", they spell out. but apart from a little organised adoration, no widespread celebration. perhaps this is why. pro—kremlin commentators are now admitting that russia's doing badly in ukraine. "it's not going our way", the presenter says. "we must stop lying", says this mp and retired general. "certain leaders need to understand that." no present here for putin. in oslo, the nobel peace prize went to defenders of democracy and civil society.
russian rights group, memorial, belarus activist ales bialiatski, and ukraine's center for civil liberties. they have made an outstanding effort to document war crimes, human rights abuses and the abuse of power. for more than 30 years, memorial has been cataloguing the victims ofjoseph stalin's terror and rights abuses in modern russia. the authorities have shut it down but it's still trying to operate. translation: will the prize lead to less pressure on us _ from the authorities? no, it will only increase. i'm sure that in the current climate, our authorities will say, "right, theirfifth column, and they also got a nobel prize. "we'll show you how we'll restore order in our country." a prestigious peace prize for a russian rights group will not impress russia's president.
vladimir putin still seems determined to secure victory in ukraine and against the west. but at the very least, it's a show of solidarity to those inside this country who still believe it's possible to build here a civil society. don't expect the kremlin to help. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. i wasjoined by i was joined by tatiana meshkova. we i wasjoined by tatiana meshkova. - were shocked, we were heavy, we were grateful, but i think the most important for us was that this prize was awarded jointly to ukrainian, belarusian and russian human rights defenders. and our opinion is it is very instrument —— illustrative and important to highlight ourjoint efforts in this building and confronting what is happening now in
our countries. ﬁnd confronting what is happening now in our countries.— our countries. and how do you think winnin: our countries. and how do you think winning this — our countries. and how do you think winning this prize _ our countries. and how do you think winning this prize will— our countries. and how do you think winning this prize will change - winning this prize will change things for you moving forward? weill. things for you moving forward? well, our main hone _ things for you moving forward? well, our main hone is _ things for you moving forward? well, our main hope is that _ things for you moving forward? well, our main hope is that this _ things for you moving forward? in our main hope is that this prize will help them to get freedom, this is our main hope. but when it comes to the change of the situation, we all realise that being a nobel peace prize laureate did not protect from being expelled from the soviet union. being a nobel peace prize winner didn't prevent them from being sent to exile. and the fact that the editor in chief was the nobel prize winner didn't protect them from being closed by russian authorities this year. so we don't
think that it will actually change the attitude of the russian authorities, but we see this as a powerful sign of support and solidarity to human rights defenders who are trying... who are trying to be destroyed by autocrats. the king of thailand has visited survivors of a knife and gun attack in which thirty—six people were killed on thursday. in a rare interaction with the public, the king met the victims being treated at a hospital in the north eastern town of nong bua lamphu. most of the dead were young children attending a preschool center. the attacker, a police officer who had been fired for drug use, also killed his wife and son before killing himself. the school district in uvalde, texas has suspended its police force —
that provides security for schools — five months after a mass shooting that claimed the lives of 19 students and two teachers. the police department has been under investigation for its response to the shooting — including delays by officers in reaching the gunman while he was holed up in a classroom. north america correspondent, nomia iqbal explains how uvalde police has been facing continued criticisms over their response criticisms to the attack. this police force has faced escalated criticism from the parents, from the relatives of the victims of the school shooting. many of them have been gathering for weeks now outside the school's administrative admission building. to make their feelings heard about this. so this police department, which was responsible for school security, including the elementary school has really been at the centre of huge criticism over a slow response, the botched response.
their officers were the first to respond on the day of the shooting. they were alerted to the teenager, salvador ramos, the gunman who was eventually killed by a border patrol agent. now, already, the head of that police department was fired back in august. he was largely criticised for the way the police handled the response. now, there are investigations that have been ongoing. it's recently come out that a police officer who was recently hired by uvalde school district was under investigation when she, on the day the shooting, in terms of her response, when she was working in anotherjob for the texas department of public safety, 0n the back of that, we got this latest development now where the entire police department has been suspended. we don't know how long that will last for. it's indefinite at this stage. of course, it's a question
of who is going to provide the security now for schools in the district, but there has been a request made to the state of texas to provide extra state troopers to come in and provide that security in the meantime. the shocking death of nika shakarami made her the second icon of iran's current protest movement. the 16—year—old girl was found dead days after going to protests. the authorities said she fell off a building but herfamily and their supporters disagree. her mother now says the authorities contacted them and tried to make them say that nika had killed herself. the bbc�*s parham ghobadi has this report. like many fearless opinion women, it to a 16—year—old joined a protest in tehran. but she went missing and was found dead ten days later. in her last call to herfamily, she found dead ten days later. in her last call to her family, she said she was being chased by security
forces. her mother says they killed her. translation: i forces. her mother says they killed her. translation:— forces. her mother says they killed her. translation: i saw her body, her. translation: i saw her body, her limbs, fingers, _ her. translation: i saw her body, her limbs, fingers, legs _ her. translation: i saw her body, her limbs, fingers, legs and - her. translation: i saw her body, her limbs, fingers, legs and body i her limbs, fingers, legs and body were fine, but her face, her limbs, fingers, legs and body were fine, but herface, cheeks her limbs, fingers, legs and body were fine, but her face, cheeks and teeth were broken. her skull was dented at the back of her head as a result of a severe blow. all the damage was done to the head. the famil had damage was done to the head. the family had no peace, even in death. her mother says security forces still her body from the morgue and buried her secretly a0 km away. this infuriated mourners who chanted "death to the dictator" a reference to iran's supreme leader. the police responded by firing birdshot. among to iran's supreme leader. the police responded was 'ing birdshot. among to iran's supreme leader. the police responded was this jirdshot. among to iran's supreme leader. the police responded was this 70—year—old ong to iran's supreme leader. the police responded was this 70—year—old man had a message for "the t
"the revolution has begun." leader. "the revolution has begun." all of this happened on day all of this happened on that day she was supposed to turn 17. translation: today was your birthda , translation: today was your birthday, sweetheart. - translation: today was your birthday, sweetheart. instead| translation: today was your| birthday, sweetheart. instead i should say heavy martyrdom. like many young _ should say heavy martyrdom. like many young people from generation 2, many young people from generation z, she loved to sing. these young women and men pose the most serious challenge to the clerical regime. iranian state tv tells a different story. they say she fell from this building. translation: security forces contacted _ building. translation: security forces contacted my _ building. translation: security forces contacted my relatives, i forces contacted my relatives, threatening me to tell the story they had fabricated and to falsely confess so they can film and broadcast it to say that she committed suicide. she broadcast it to say that she committed suicide. . . committed suicide. she might have been one of— committed suicide. she might have been one of the _ committed suicide. she might have been one of the first _ committed suicide. she might have been one of the first child - committed suicide. she might have been one of the first child victims l been one of the first child victims of the protests, but she is sadly not the last. another 16—year—old
who rights group amnesty says was killed after severe blows to the head. the authorities said she fell off a building too. to spain now, where criminal prosecutors are investigating an incident that has gone viral, which male university students were caught in this video yelling sexually abusive threats at a need bring college dormitory. we've muted the video due to profanity, but you can see dozens of university students living in a private residencejoining in the harassment of the nearby santa monica all—girls storm. spain's prime minister, pedro sanchez, has condemned the incident and the university says it's launched its own investigation. irish police have confirmed there have been three fatalities in an explosion at a petrol station in county donegal — and number of people are being treated in hospital emergency services are continuing their search efforts
at the service station in creeslough village — where it's feared there could still be others trapped under debris. stay with us on news, still to come: lots of excitment in the uk tonight as the host city of the 20 23 eurovision song contest was announced.we'll tell you who won. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything is going to be different from now on. they think their country will be respected in the world once more the dalai lama, the exiled spiritual leader of tibet, has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade reached its climax, two grenades exploded, a group of soldiersjumped from the military truck taking part in the parade and ran towards the president, firing automatic rifles. after 437 years, the skeletal
ribs of henry viii's _ tragic warship emerged, i but even as divers worked to bouy her up, the mary rose went through another heart—stopping - drama. i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california. this is bbc news, the latest headlines... in an interview with the bbc — ukraine's president zelensky has urged russians to stand up against the war. the nobel peace prize isjointly awarded to ukrainian and russian civil liberties group and a belrussian activist. the british government has announced a new licensing round for oil and gas exploration off
the country's eastern coast, in the north sea. the average oil and gas discovery takes about five years to come into production. britain's business secretary jacob rees—mogg said using oil and gas produced within the uk would have a lower carbon footprint than importing it from abroad. as many as 100 licences will be awarded. the move comes as the country tries to boost energy security — but flies in the face of advice from climate scientists. greenpeace has called the process, which will run until end ofjune, "possibly unlawful". it will take years before any of these new licences yield oil or gas. what's extracted will be british fossil fuel, but if global prices are still sky—high, our energy bills will be too. about 100 licences are expected to be issued as part of this round, with areas where production could begin quickly off norfolk, lincolnshire and yorkshire, set to be fast—tracked. supporters of the new drilling say
this is about improving the uk's energy security, reducing our dependence on imported oil and gas. but burning fossil fuels emits the carbon dioxide that already warms our planet. so, why are we looking for more? 0ur development of supply is not going to affect our usage. 0ur usage is determined by the framework of the climate change act and the independent climate change committee which informs government policy, so you really can be assured that it's actually — i know it sounds contradictory — but it's actually good for the environment that we're going to produce more of our gas and oil at home, and that you can be confident because of the climate change act and our commitment in law to net zero that we will not be using more oil and gas than is required in that transition. that won't reassure climate scientists, who say greenhouse gases are already leading to more extreme weather events, like heatwaves and drought.
the advice of the united nations and the international energy agency is clear — that if we want to keep temperature rises under 1.5 degrees then there can be no more fossil fuel projects. if you increase supply, so if you drill more oil and gas, then even if we're replacing imports we're increasing the supply of oil and gas globally and that's likely to increase demand globally and therefore emissions. the first of these new north sea licences are expected to be issued early next year. jonah fisher, bbc news. italy's government is introducing measures to limit the use of gas over the winter in the face of the global energy crisis, linked to the war in ukraine. buildings will have to reduce their use of central heating by 15 days. italians are also being asked to turn down their thermostats by one degree celsius, and turn off their heating for an extra hour a day. i've been speaking to our rome
correspondent mark lowen. the rule, that buildings, as you say, that have a common central heating system will have to reduce the period this winter in which they turn on that central heating by 15 days, so it will have to be turned down a week late and then turned off a week early, and the fine for her not doing that could be up to 3000 euros, it's about $3000, so a pretty hefty carrot that's been wielded in that regard, and the carrots is to say to people, you know, well, can you just sort ofjoin in the solidarity of the national approach here and actually turn down your heating by one degrees and turn off your central heating by an hour a day to try to encourage italians to respond in a more positive way. i have to say, i've spoke to italians today, and, you know, quite a lot of people i've spoken to on the streets said we understand that this is a necessity. it's difficult, yes, but we have to, we are all in this together.
russian gas has dropped and we need to respond in a positive way. but there are others who say not only are our electricity bills soaring now because russian gas has plummeted, but now we are being asked to adapt ari eating habits and for the elderly and little kids, particularly in the cold and northern parts of italy, that will be quite a big ask, i think. a fire has damaged stone—carved statues on easter island; some of the charring is said to be irreparable. officials say they don't know how many statues were affected by the blaze, which broke out on monday. easter island has about nine hundred of the oversized head statues which were carved by a polynesian tribe more than five hundred years ago. there was lots of excitment here in the uk tonight as the host city of the 20 23 eurovision song contest was announced. the winner turned out to be liverpool— beating its rival glasgow. britain is holding the competition in may after organisers decided the winning country, ukraine, was unable to , because of
the danger posed by the war. 0ur correspondent david sillito has more. liverpool, and fingers were being crossed. the choice of which uk city would host eurovision was down to a battle between the mersey and the clyde. the city...that will host the 67th eurovision song contest in 2023 is... and the winner, announced on this evening's one show... ..liverpool. congratulations! what fantastic news! i'm absolutely over the moon. when graham was opening that envelope, iwas like, "oh, my goodness, please, please!" oh, i'm ecstatic, it's marvellous! of course, this eurovision should be taking place in ukraine, and it is now for liverpool to prove that while it can't take place in ukraine, this is going to be a eurovision for ukraine. liverpool's already had the endorsement of its twin city,
0desa, and this year's winner, the kalush 0rchestra have offered their congratulations to a city that wants eurovision to be a citywide party and a celebration of music and peace. wejust had a real moment, haven't we, in this city, where we've won eurovision? and it feels like the whole city kind ofjumped in the air at exactly the same time tonight. and now we've got seven months to deliver something that will be truly astonishing, incredible for ukraine, our sister city 0desa, but also incredible for the whole uk, so we are delighted. but tonight liverpool, it will be absolutely buzzing, it will be incredible. and in the bars, watching the announcement, you could see what this means. the place that prides itself on being a party city... # and celebrations. ..#.
absolutely fantastic. you can reach me on twitter, write to me. goodbye for now. hello there. brief respite on the horizon across the whole country to start the weekend, thanks to a ridge of high pressure building in. that'll settle things down to bring quite a lot of sunshine around and lighter winds on saturday for all areas. but it will be turning wet and windy again on sunday across scotland and northern ireland, tending to stay drier further south. so here it is, our area of high pressure, building in for saturday. fewer isobars on the charts as well, so winds will be lighter as well. so it's a chilly start to saturday, maybe a little bit of mist and fog across southern areas, but plenty of sunshine around. however, the far north and west of scotland will tend to remain breezy. more cloud here with a few showers at times, and there could be the odd shower, northern ireland, north west england too, but most places dry — temperatures reaching 1a to 17
celsius. feeling quite pleasant in the south, with lighter winds. through saturday night, conditions start to deteriorate across the north and the west of the country. winds pick up, cloud starts to push in, so temperatures recover, but central—southern eastern england could be really quite chilly by sunday morning with some mist and fog in places. well, the temperatures recover across the north and the west because we've got this area of low pressure sweeping into scotland and northern ireland throughout the day on sunday. so it turns much wetter here, winds picking up to gale force, maybe even severe gale force and exposure. few showers getting into the north and west of england and into northwest wales at times too. but for the rest of england, it'll stay dry with plenty of sunshine after that chilly start. a breezier day in the south, but very windy across the north and the west with gales or even severe gales, like i mentioned. those temperatures ranging from around the mid teens in the north, again up to 17 or 18 celisus in the south. that band of rain spreads across all areas during sunday night, but into monday, it will eventually clear away from the south east,
and then we're into another ridge of high pressure. so many places will be dry across central and southern areas on monday. a bit more of a breeze, though, across scotland, perhaps northern ireland, the far north west of england, one or two showers here. we've got the low teens here, quite a cool feel. in fact, up to 16 or 17 celsius further south. the area of high pressure continues to bring fine weather through tuesday and wednesday in the southeast. but areas of low pressure start to turn things more unsettled again in the north and the west as we move deeper into the week. so, i think by the end of the week, all areas will be turning cooler and more unsettled with wet and windy weather spreading in at times.
hello, and welcome to our look ahead to what the papers will be bringing us tomorrow. with me ali miraj, who's a columnist at the article, and sienna rodgers, who's a senior writer at house magazine. we start with the i tonight, who lead with the headline, "truss locked in cabinet battle over energy crisis." the financial times say the government is planning to cap the revenues of companies who generate renewable energy, as their profits soar. the express says "number ten has been hit by row over brexit, sparked by the home secretary." the times hone in on the prime minister's plans to reform