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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 18, 2022 4:00am-4:30am GMT

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you're watching bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories: investigators uncover evidence of mass graves and other atrocities allegedly committed by russian soldiers in the kherson region of ukraine. relatives of the 298 people on board the malaysian airliner shot down over ukraine in 2014 give their reaction to the life sentences handed down to three men convicted of murder. when you look at the world, all these tragedies happen, but this one was part of me, it's part of my life, and it'll stay there forever. twitter tells staff to stay at home until monday after reports that many employees are quitting elon musk�*s new company. the cop27 climate summit in egypt reaches its final day with a deal still to be done
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and with time running out. and the end of an era in american politics: nancy pelosi says she won't seek re—election to lead the democrats in the house. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. we begin in ukraine and the southern city of kherson, recently liberated after russian forces withdrew. investigators there say they've found 63 bodies of ukrainian civilians which show signs of torture. russia denies its forces have committed atrocities. our correspondent james waterhouse has been speaking to people who were held by russian forces in kherson. a warning — you may find the details are upsetting.
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it's only once russia leaves that you get a sense of what they've done. what allegedly happened here is a picture of brutality. this used to be a police station in kherson. after russian forces took control, officials say it became a torture chamber. angella, a tvjournalist, spent 31 days there. translation: on the third floor, people, men were beaten. on the first floor, we heard that it was electrocution. when a person is being tortured with electricity, you hear it. it is a peculiar sound. after hearing what angella's been through, you get a really vivid glimpse of what this place must have been like.
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there is still the smell of burning in the air, but the silence is almost deafening, and each one of these rooms has its own story and all of them will come out over time. she shared cell number six with four other women. what she didn't know was that her boyfriend was there too. translation: there were some people i who were electrocuted. it was horrible. one guy was brought to the cell after interrogation. his tongue was black. it was so swollen, he couldn't put it back in his mouth. in kherson, daily life runs alongside grim discoveries. a mass grave was found here. elsewhere in the city, the bodies of 63 civilians were also found.
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they all, say investigators, showed signs of being tortured. "there were more than 3,000 crimes "committed throughout occupation," the chief investigator tells us. "90% of them are war crimes, "including rape, torture and murder." as the evidence mounts, so do moscow's denials of targeting civilians. but when russia retreats, it leaves a now—familiar footprint. james waterhouse, bbc news, kherson. fresh russian strikes have hit cities across ukraine. they're the latest in a wave of attacks that have crippled the country's energy plants as winter sets in. our correspondent catherine byaru hanga has the latest from kyiv. this is the second time in less than a week that russia has carried out nationwide attacks on ukraine.
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moscow has conducted a series of missile strikes on this country following military setbacks, the most recent being in the southern city of kherson. ukraine's prime minister said that today's strikes targeted energy infrastructure and weapons production plants. 70 shells are said to have landed around the city of nikopol in southern ukraine. thousands of homes are left without energy and water. gas facilities in eastern ukraine were also targeted. temperatures are dropping here in kyiv, and residents are braced for the worst to come. the united nations is warning that there could be a serious humanitarian crisis here in ukraine during the winter because millions face constant power cuts. in the netherlands, a court in the hague has found three men guilty of murdering 298 people after shooting down a malaysian airlines plane
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over ukraine in 2014. the men — two russians and a ukrainian — were tried in absentia and given life sentences. the court said the missile that took down flight mhi7 was supplied by russia's military, and fired from territory controlled by kremlin—backed militia. moscow denies any involvement. our correspondent anna holligan sent this report. speaks dutch thejudges ruled that the three men had set out to bring down a plane, even though they had intended to shoot down a military, not a civilian aircraft. the court found the surface—to—air missile was supplied by a russian military brigade and fired from territory controlled by russian—backed separatists. for the relatives at the epicentre of this disaster, this long—awaited judgement day brought mixed emotions. when you listened to what was said in there, what was your feeling?
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it was grief, anger, relief, anger, grief. when you look at the world, all these tragedies happen, but this one was part of me, part of my life, and it'll stay there forever, so... the families here have been waiting eight years for this verdict, and the sentiment among so many of them is that their loved ones were among the first casualties of a conflict which is still raging today. this verdict is a reminder that russia's military presence in ukraine started long before this year's full—scale invasion. many of the victims�* families feel this is a vindication of their sentiment, but if the world had taken a tougher stance against russia eight years ago, that invasion and the geopolitical instability that followed could have been avoided. 0k! among them, elsemiek's father, hans de borst. he cherishes the memories of his only child and her documents, recovered intact from the crash site.
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it is extremely important to me. that feeling of justice to be done gives a good feeling and gives, i hope, gives some peace about this subject. while thisjudgement can't heal the pain and is unlikely to result in anyone serving life for taking those 298 lives, it has established the truth and has kept the victims�* memories alive. anna holligan, bbc news, schiphol. the hours are counting down to hammer out a deal at the cop27 climate summit in egypt. negotiations have been going on for two weeks. friday supposed to be the most important day for decisions but there is concern talks could collapse. un secretary general antonio gutteres urged delegates to reach what they call an ambitious and credible deal. we must have agreed solutions
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in front of us to respond to the damage, to close the emissions gap and to deliver on finance. the climate clock is ticking and trust keeps eroding. the parties of cop27 have a chance to make a difference here and now, and i urge them to act, and act quickly. earlier, i spoke to rachel kyte who is dean of the fletcher school at tufts university. she is also a senior climate change advisor to the un secretary general. she had just flown back from cop27 in sharm el—sheikh and i asked her how the talks were going. it's always the physics and negotiation that comes down to the wire. i think this time around, the egyptian presidency introduced their cover text very late in the day. it's still really sort of a laundry list without some detail. but there are important, significant movements, in particular on loss and damage where the european union seems to be moving its position, not everywhere, and there's some tension within the european union,
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but there is the possibility, if not a complete agreement on a financialfacility for loss and damage, which is what the developing world really wanted coming into the talks, but substantial movement in that direction. so it's still all to play for. what are some of the main sticking points at the summit? money, money, money, money, money! at the end of the day, the longer we don't act, the more it's going to cost us. it's going to cost the transition to renewable energy, the more it's going to cost the damage that we're already incurring from climate impact, and the more it's going to cost countries, the rich countries that can — should and can afford to help developing countries, it's going to cost them more to do so. and so, all the way through these talks, the question of who's financing with what finance and how has come up. but there's been important movement away from the text of the negotiations — big deals for indonesia,
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very interestingly, after last year, kind of been seen to be blocking language in glasgow around phasing out fossil fuels, basically calling for a phase—out of fossil fuels. one of the observations with the cop summit in egypt as that many western countries, especially in europe, have taken their eye off the ball when it comes to climate change because of more pressing problems in their home turf. how much are things like the war in ukraine detracting from talks at cop27? well, it's clearly changed, in some respects, the energy dynamic — we have an energy supply shock, europe's responded to that by pivoting away from russian hydrocarbons, but the european union has not watered down its commitment to climate change. in fact, it's actually extended its ambition. what it has done, however, is enter the energy markets and buy up a lot of gas, and that's forced up the price of energy, and that's forced a number of developing countries into a sort of debt
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distress, so there's a feeling that the developed world caused the problem and isn't coming with enough assistance quickly enough, and that's what really is eroding the trust, which you heard the secretary general refer to in his remarks. so we're still on track. there are more renewable energy deals done on the margins of cop27 than there were gas deals, even though the oil and gas industry was at sharm el—sheikh en mass, very but you can't change the science, you can't change the markets. the cheapest, easiest, quickest way for us to be able the how—to and who's going to finance it industry, which is a big change from recent climate negotiations. they were there mainly badged as other people —
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some were badged as a country, some where badged as a little shy, they didn't want to turn up with their but i think that the question, especially next year as well, because the talks will move to the united arab emirates, is how do these companies transition themselves and how do these companies play a role in sparing the transition? again, they can't deny the science, they don't deny the science, but importantly, in most countries in the world, the oil company is nationally owned, so how do you help nationally owned companies make the transition, that the shell and bps of this world will already tell you they're beginning to make? that was a secretary general potluck adviser on climate change. —— that was a secretary general�*s adviser on climate change. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: twitter tells staff to stay at home until monday after reports that many employees are quitting
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elon musk�*s new company. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan's general election and she's asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson's been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. to people of all races. this will lead to a black majority government in this country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, - one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. - 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, - which has caused millions. of pounds' worth of damage.
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this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: the bbc hears details of alleged atrocities by russian soldiers before they left the liberated region of kherson in ukraine. a dutch court sentences two russians and one ukrainian to life in prison for shooting down a malaysia airlines plane killing all 298 people on board. twitter has told employees not to return to the office in a message obtained by the bbc. workers were told offices would reopen on monday 21st november. the announcement comes amid reports that a large number of staff are quitting after new owner elon musk gave employees an ultimatum to work long hours at high intensity or leave. no reason has been given for the closures. the bbc�*s david willis in los angeles has been following the story. he told me more.
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on wednesday, elon musk gave twitter employees until today at 5 o'clock in the evening to decide whether they wanted to stay with the company or take three months�* severance pay, or stay on and work, as you put itjust now, "at high intensity for long hours." well, it seems like there has been virtually a stampede for the exit, with hundreds of twitter employees opting to take that severance pay. and that has prompted mr musk and his advisers to get into negotiations with some critical staff who they rely upon to keep the social platform working. it�*s also apparently caused him to relax the stipulation that employees spend at least a0 hours in the office. he�*s suggesting he might be more open to remote working now. as you mentioned, he has closed the offices until monday — no explanation given. meanwhile, trending on twitter
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is the hashtag �*riptwitter�*. since mr musk bought twitter he has been very vocal, very active on what is now his own platform. has he responded to the latest development? there�*s been no response from twitter�*s communications department, rich, because...there isn�*t one, they�*ve all left. elon musk himself though has reversioned an old saying in a tweet — he said, "how do you make a small fortune "in social media? "well, you start with a big one." but the key concern here is that some of the workforce reductions have involved people whose work involves child protection, on working on such things such as content moderation, and that has raised the concern of federal regulators who say that there could be consumer privacy implications here with data security measures having been subject to lapses, that sort of thing. it seems that elon musk
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is running this company basically with a cadre of close confidants, including kimbal, his brother — his younger brother, and some people brought in from tesla and his other operations, but he�*s finding it a lot more difficult, it seems, to run a social media platform than he has to launch a rocket into space, rich. let�*s get some of the day�*s other news: lawyers for the american basketball star, brittney griner, have confirmed that she�*s been taken to a penal colony in russia, about 500 kilometres, just over 300 miles, east of moscow. she was jailed in august for nine years after being arrested at moscow airport with vape cartridges containing cannabis oil. there have been efforts by the united states to try to secure her release, possibly in a prisoner swap. the us secretary of state, antony blinken, says the release of thousands of prisoners by the military government in myanmar is a rare bright spot. but he cautioned there was no sign yet myanmar was interested in engaging with the
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international community after the military there seized power last february. at least 21 people have died after a fire broke out in a residential building in a densely populated refugee camp in the gaza strip. it�*s thought the blaze began with a gas leak during a party. gaza�*s interior ministry said an initial investigation revealed that large amounts of fuel had been stored at the site. it�*s been more than a week since polls closed in the us midterms and we now know the result. the republicans will take control of the house of representatives and that means there will be a new speaker injanuary. at 82—years—old, democrat nancy pelosi has announced she�*s stepping down. the bbc�*s azadeh moshiri reports. after almost two decades, it is the end of the pelosi era.
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and with great confidence in our caucus, i will not seek re—election to democratic leadership in the next congress. for me, the hour�*s come from a new generation to lead the democratic caucus that i so deeply respect, herfamily was her family was already a political dynasty. her father was the late mayor of baltimore. did she inherit that legacy but created her own. i extend to you this gavel. legacy but created her own. i j extend to you this gavel. she became the _ extend to you this gavel. she became the most _ extend to you this gavel. sue: became the most powerful democrat in congress and the first woman to serve as speaker of the house. it is a position she has been loath to give up. the years democrats have insisted it was high time ship passed the gavel that she insisted she had work to do. excuse me, did we win the senate? _ excuse me, did we win the senate?— excuse me, did we win the senate? ,, ., ., ., senate? she went toe to toe with president _ senate? she went toe to toe with president donald - senate? she went toe to toe l with president donald trump. senate? she went toe to toe - with president donald trump. mr with president donald trump. ij�*i' president, with president donald trump. m president, please do not characterise me as a leader of
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the democrats who won a big victory. figs the democrats who won a big victo . �* , ~ .. ., victory. as america underwent a racial reckoning, _ victory. as america underwent a racial reckoning, and _ victory. as america underwent a racial reckoning, and this - racial reckoning, and this summer against presidentjoe biden�*s advisor became the highest ranking american official to visit taiwan but her penchant for political theatre made her a target of republican campaigns. it even put her life at risk. last year, president donald trump supporters stormed the capitol hill and some searched for nancy pelosi and even broke into her office. and a month ago husband was the a braking meant for her, it was so violent he needed surgery. the democrats performed better—than—expected end of the midterms but losing the house is perhaps the best time for her to leave. hakeem jeffries
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it is expected to replace, the first black man to do so. they now become of the houses minority party. as a giant on the heel becomes a back venture. azadeh moshiri, bbc news. let�*s now speak to elaine povich, the author of nancy pelosi�*s biography. she joins us live from maryland. thank you very much for being with us. what is nancy pelosi like as a political operator? she is very precise, she is probably the best vote counter i have ever seen. nobody lies to her because she will pull out her mother of five voice. she started out, her best skills were not her public once but the once behind—the—scenes. she is really, really good at organising, really, really good
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at whipping up votes, and that is how she started, as the web, as she is good vote and counting and organising and people together. she is not a great public speaker, actually her speech today was probably the best she has given, but she is dynamite behind—the—scenes and also a prodigious fundraiser. probably the best fundraiser. probably the best fundraiser the democrats right now. ., . , , fundraiser the democrats right now. ., , ., ., ., now. politics can be a dog eat dog world- — now. politics can be a dog eat dog world. talk _ now. politics can be a dog eat dog world. talk us _ now. politics can be a dog eat dog world. talk us through i now. politics can be a dog eat i dog world. talk us through some of her high point and what has projected her to the point she got to now? she projected her to the point she got to now?— got to now? she 'ust doesn't ive u -. got to now? she 'ust doesn't give up. it got to now? she 'ust doesn't give up. i would i got to now? she just doesn't give up. i would say- got to now? she just doesn't give up. i would say the i got to now? she just doesn't give up. i would say the two| give up. i would say the two highest points of her speakership were getting the bank bill out during the financial crisis and refusing to give up on president obama�*s health plan which brought medical insurance to many americans. everybody was saying this is dead, this is over, the
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affordable care act, let�*s do something to cover a few children. she said, no, she said we�*re going to do this, we�*re going to do this one vote at a time and get this done and when nobody else was even had the slightest hope it would be done, she did it and she got one vote at a time and she cajoled people and talk to people and persuaded people that this was the democrat and president obama�*s signature achievement of the century and she simply would not get let it go and she got it done. this she simply would not get let it go and she got it done.- go and she got it done. this is one of the _ go and she got it done. this is one of the most i go and she got it done. this is one of the most prominent i one of the most prominent positions in american politics, third in line to the president, are you surprised she is resigning now?- are you surprised she is resigning now? no, i actually predicted _ resigning now? no, i actually predicted this i resigning now? no, i actually predicted this a i resigning now? no, i actually predicted this a couple i resigning now? no, i actually predicted this a couple of- predicted this a couple of weeks ago. there were many factors that went into it. one is you mentioned was age of the second one was she had a plate of 1.2 only serve four more
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years and that time period was up, going back to the minority, place where she had been before was not a place she liked. they will be in the minority despite doing better—than—expected. and then, the personal attack on her home and her husband, all of those things i think the attack on paul pelosi was the last straw for her and she felt as though i think as she could serve as somewhat of an elder statesman woman and raise money and serve as a counsellor to the democrats. it was the right time. she is usually undeterred about keeping on, keeping on, she never gives up but i think this felt like the right time for her. pa. this felt like the right time for her. �* ., this felt like the right time for her. �* . ., ., for her. a gate we will have to leave it there. i for her. a gate we will have to leave it there. thank i for her. a gate we will have to leave it there. thank you i for her. a gate we will have to leave it there. thank you for l leave it there. thank you for joining us. mt; leave it there. thank you for
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joining ne— much more from us on the webpage. you can reach me on twitter — i�*m @ richpreston. to get in touch and from all of us here on bbc news, bye—bye. hello. our very unsettled spell of november weather is set to continue for some of us, particularly towards the north and east. there�*s some fairly heavy rain in the forecast over the next 2a hours or so. further south and towards the southwest, things are tending to dry out through the day on friday, so it�*s going to be a day of mixed fortunes. let�*s look at the expected rainfall accumulation over the next 2a hours. not much for southern england, wales, northern ireland, but take a look at scotland — this green zone here — that is where we�*re going to see the heaviest and most persistent rainfall. in fact, the met office have issued an amber warning for heavy rain in eastern scotland, particularly for aberdeenshire, angus,
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perth and kinross, as well. could be up to 150 mm perhaps over the cairngorms, certainly enough to cause some flooding issues. so, we�*ve had this low pressure drifting its way northwards overnight, continuing to bring all of this heavy rainfall. through the early hours of friday morning, still a pretty soggy scene in the north and east of scotland. most of us frost—free to start the day — we could just see a touch of frost, though, earlier on across northern ireland. through the day on friday then, there�*s that persistent rain driven in by these easterly winds across parts of scotland, drifting its way westwards. elsewhere, a few showers around, but they�*re tending to peter out through the day. best of the sunshine for parts of southern england, wales, perhaps into northern ireland later in the day. it�*s not quite as warm as it has been — temperatures generally around nine to 12. then, overnight into saturday, we�*ve got more cloud and rain sitting in the east, so overnight temperatures by saturday morning around about four to six, but further west, we�*re looking at a touch of frost for parts of northern ireland, into western wales, for instance, as well. but through the day
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on saturday, the next front will move its way in from the west. we�*ve still got that front in the east as well, so something of a frontal sandwich, i think. we�*ve got cloud and patchy rain moving in from the east, another area of cloud and rain from the west, and in between, there will be some sunshine and some drier weather on the cards. it�*s going to be a little cooler than it has done recently, with temperatures generally only around seven to nine around that east coast, perhaps up to around 12 down towards the southwest. it looks like the front in the west winds out as we head into sunday. it pushes its way east across the uk and it�*s followed by scattered showers. so, early on, perhaps a band of persistent rain, slowly clearing eastwards, some heavy, potentially thundery showers and turning colder — could even be a little bit of snow on top of the mountains in scotland. top temperatures by this stage around six to 11 degrees. bye for now.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: details have emerged of more mass graves and atrocities allegedly carried out by russian soldiers before they left the liberated region of kherson in ukraine. war crimes investigators say the torture was even worse than in other areas. kyiv believes the abuses are continuing in territory russia still occupies. a court in the netherlands has found three men guilty of murdering 298 people on board a malaysian airlines plane shot down over ukraine in 2014. the two russians and a ukrainian were all tried in absentia and given life sentences. moscow has repeatedly denied any involvement. the outgoing speaker of the us house of representatives, nancy pelosi, has decided not to seek re—election as the chamber�*s
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democratic party leader. she�*s been in the role for nearly two decades,


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