this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. lam i am annita mcveigh. our top stories... iran has executed british—iranian dual national alireza akbari on charges of spying for the uk — which he had denied. britain's prime minister calls it a "callous and cowardly act." the uk has confirmed it will provide challenger 2 tanks to ukraine during a call with president volodymyr zelensky. it comes as russian forces launched a series of missile attacks across the country. four people, including a seven—year—old girl, have been injured in a shooting near a funeral in central london. climate activist greta thunberg joins protesters in the german village of lutzerath, as police try to clear the area to make way for coal mining.
what happens in lutzerath doesn't stay in lutzerath. cheering and applause . germany is one of the biggest olluters . germany is one of the biggest polluters in _ . germany is one of the biggest polluters in the _ . germany is one of the biggest polluters in the world _ . germany is one of the biggest polluters in the world and - . germany is one of the biggest polluters in the world and it - . germany is one of the biggesti polluters in the world and it has . germany is one of the biggest. polluters in the world and it has an enormous responsibility. brazil's supreme court will investigate the role of the former president, jair bolsonaro, in the storming of government buildings by his supporters last weekend. takeaways, restaurants and cafes in england will have to stop using plastic cutlery, plates, and bowls from october as part of a new government plan to tackle plastic pollution. hello and welcome. iran has executed a british—iranian man on charges of spying for the uk.
alireza akbari, who was iran's deputy defence minister, was detained in 2019. he'd denied passing sensitive information to the british government and said he was forced to confess after being tortured. our diplomatic correspondent, caroline hawley, reports. news of the execution came on state—run television early this morning, despite repeated last—minute appeals from the uk. alireza akbari is thought to have acquired british citizenship after investing here and to have lived in the country for several years. his brother told bbc persia he had been enticed back to iran by his former boss, under whom he once served as deputy defence minister. the prime minister responded swiftly, saying he was appalled swiftly, saying he was "appalled by a callous act carried out by a barbaric regime with no respect for human rights." on thursday, state—run media in iran aired a lengthy, heavily edited video featuring alireza akbari, in which he appears to confess to working for britain.
but in an audio recording obtained by bbc persian last week, he speaks of the pressure he was put under and accuses iran of seeking to take revenge on the uk. they tortured me for a500 hours, they broke my will, drove me to madness and forced me to do whatever they wanted to. for the past few months, iran has been convulsed by protests, sparked by the death of a young woman in police custody, mahsa amini. britain has imposed sanctions on the so—called morality police who arrested her for supposedly not wearing her hijab properly. it's also preparing to declare iran's powerful revolutionary guard corps a terrorist organisation. the execution carries a message both to the uk and within iran, where it may also be part of an internal power struggle. the iranian regime is passing a clear message to those who work inside iran and even those who work for the government. no one is safe.
it is intimidation and revenge and a way to intimidate all those who can make a move, who want to change things inside iran. but no reform is possible inside the islamic republic of iran. whatever the exact motive, his execution is a dramatic new low in an already tense relationship between iran and the uk, which is now weighing its response. caroline hawley, bbc news. earlier i spoke to parham ghobadi from bbc persian, who told me more about the recording obtained by the bbc in the last few days. it is his conversation with his wife that she recorded and he says that he has been interrogated and tortured for 3500 hours and he says that he spent almost a year in solitary confinement, so he was totally shattered emotionally, he was not stable, he was given a medication, but he was not aware what those medications where and when he was given the promise of release, that he would be released, he was given new clothes, he was
asked to dye his hair and then he was taken into a studio and a gun put into his head and asked to say something. and then the forced confessions they released yesterday, in then he says that he works for mi6, he has been working with the british government, giving them some intelligence, but according to the audio file we obtained these were forced confessions under torture. tell us more about the uk response to this and anything else that iran is saying at this stage. ﬁgs to this and anything else that iran is saying at this stage.— is saying at this stage. as you said, is saying at this stage. as you said. rishi — is saying at this stage. as you said, rishi sunak_ is saying at this stage. as you said, rishi sunak has - is saying at this stage. as you said, rishi sunak has called i is saying at this stage. as you i said, rishi sunak has called this cowardly act, carried out by a barbaric regime. james cleverley, british foreign secretary, has also said that this won't be unchallenged. in response, the iranians have summoned the british ambassador and said that uk has to stop intervention into iranian affairs. however, but the question is that we know at least there are two other british iranian dual nationals held there, one of them also holds a us passport, but we
don't know if there are more than that and because we know the british government is considering to put iran's revolutionary guard corps on its terror list, exist a signal the iranians are sending to stop that from happening?— iranians are sending to stop that from happening? parham ghobadi there. some breaking news in the last few minutes — the white house has announced five more classified documents have been found at the delaware home of presidentjoe biden. five more classified documents, joe biden�*s council saying that he found five additional pages with classified markings at the president's home in delaware. now, we know that a batch of classified papers was found in the garage of the home. this is in addition to the ones we were just telling you about, but also a batch of classified papers found at the office of a washington think tank, the usjustice department has appointed a special counsel to investigate why these classified
documents have been found at those two locations. and now the white house saying that five additional classified documents have been found at the home of president biden in delaware. we will get you more on that as we get it ourselves. now... at least five people have died after a russian missile struck a residential building in the east—central ukrainian city dnipro. the regional governor said 27 have been injured and six children are among them and are in hospital. ukraine's energy minister says the coming days will be "difficult after russian missiles hit energy infrastructure in severeal regions on saturday." the minister added that emergency blackouts are in most ukrainian regions due to shelling. britain's prime minister, rishi sunak, has confirmed in a call with president zelensky on saturday morning that the uk will send tanks to ukraine. the bbc understands the inital commitment is for around a dozen challenger 2 tanks.
here's our political correspondent, david wallace lockhart, on how significant this is. number 10 had been making it clear that they wanted to step up support to ukraine and that tanks could play a pivotal role in all this. this morning, a call between rishi sunak and volodymyr zelensky and the confirmation came out of that. i understand, as you said, we are talking about initially around a dozen challenger 2 tanks. let's remember initially in this conflict, the uk's military support was all about defensive support. now, number 10 would say they still consider this defensive, it is about ukraine defending its territory that russia has come into, but it is a significant step up. that being said, though, we are talking around 12 tanks, we know ukraine think they need around 300 tanks to make a difference. although the uk is the first nato country to make a commitment, more will have to be done. we know that poland would like to send tanks, but they need german approval for re—export, which they have not had yet.
ukraine will also hope that the usa will see this and make some sort of contribution of its own. so if other countries do follow the uk's example, then perhaps ukraine will start to get somewhere in the numbers it is looking for. david david wallace lockhart there. some breaking news — three women, aged between 41 and 5a, and a seven year—old girl, have been injured in a shooting in north london. the incident happened near euston station at about one o'clock this afternoon. the three woman are said to have injuries which aren't life—threatening. police say they are waiting to hear about the condition of the girl. it's believed the shots were fired from a moving vehicle. the incident happened near a church where a funeral was taking place. the operation to clear a site in germany that's been earmarked for new coal mining is in its fourth day. police have clashed with protesters near the village of lutzerath in the west of the country where the site for the coal mine is due to be. climate campaigner greta thunberg
has visited the protestors saying, "germany is really embarrassing itself right now". here she is addressing the rally. how is this possible? in the year 2023, how can we still be continuing down this path that we know leads us nowhere? how is that possible? i let's hear some more views now on that coal mine in germany. it let's hear some more views now on that coal mine in germany.- that coal mine in germany. it has been a full _ that coal mine in germany. it has been a full day _ that coal mine in germany. it has been a full day of _ that coal mine in germany. it has been a full day of mostly - that coal mine in germany. it has| been a full day of mostly peaceful protests. i think many people are now going, as the light is coming down. 0bviously now going, as the light is coming down. obviously it is a shock to see this in the biggest environmental disaster in europe, the biggest source of c02. i am happy, though, that we have managed to exhilarate the... we are going out in 2030,
twice as fast as we initially have promised. it twice as fast as we initially have romised. ., , ., , promised. it was a green minister in germany who _ promised. it was a green minister in germany who announced _ promised. it was a green minister in germany who announced that - promised. it was a green minister in germany who announced that this i germany who announced that this would be happening, trying, as one of our earlier contributors put it, to square the circle between green commitments by the german government and the need to have a reliable energy supply. the german government says this is needed in the short term. if it is a short—term action, is it acceptable at all in your view? , ., is it acceptable at all in your view? , . ., ., view? yes. i mean, we have to find majorities. — view? yes. i mean, we have to find majorities, parliamentary, - majorities, parliamentary, democratic majorities. the greens have 14% of national and 18% here in the region and we were the only ones, really, fighting for quick action on this. this is what we managed. if people want to go faster, we need to find majorities for that, faster, we need to find majorities forthat, but faster, we need to find majorities for that, but for the time being, indeed, we don't want to use russian gas or oil, so for the next couple of years, until renewable build—up
can really accelerate, this, unfortunately is the price we pay. does germany, given its position in europe, not bear a greater responsibility to avoid doing something like this? to open a coalmine?— something like this? to open a coalmine? ~ ., , something like this? to open a coalmine? ~ ,, ., , ., coalmine? well, if you only look at the question _ coalmine? well, if you only look at the question of— coalmine? well, if you only look at the question of climate _ coalmine? well, if you only look at the question of climate and - the question of climate and preservation of the 1—5 goal then i think_ preservation of the 1—5 goal then i think you _ preservation of the 1—5 goal then i think you would be right, but this is much _ think you would be right, but this is much more. this is also not likem — is much more. this is also not likem once _ is much more. this is also not like... once it is out of the opposition_ like... once it is out of the opposition and shares power, the party— opposition and shares power, the party becomes much more pragmatic. this goes— party becomes much more pragmatic. this goes much further. this has to do with— this goes much further. this has to do with the — this goes much further. this has to do with the war in ukraine. because we want _ do with the war in ukraine. because we want to— do with the war in ukraine. because we want to have sanctions effective enough _ we want to have sanctions effective enough that leads us to forgoing gas and oil— enough that leads us to forgoing gas and oil supplies from russia. we need _ and oil supplies from russia. we need to— and oil supplies from russia. we need to replace that. and how to replace _ need to replace that. and how to replace it. — need to replace that. and how to replace it, if not by coal? unfortunately, the kind of cold germany— unfortunately, the kind of cold germany mostly has is the most
polluting — germany mostly has is the most polluting of all the kind of calls that you — polluting of all the kind of calls that you have. now, obviously we have _ that you have. now, obviously we have to _ that you have. now, obviously we have to make do with that kind of coal for— have to make do with that kind of coal for a — have to make do with that kind of coal for a time, but there is —— this— coal for a time, but there is —— this contradicts the very reason for the existence or a major reason for the existence or a major reason for the existence or a major reason for the existence of the green party, as such, _ the existence of the green party, as such, which— the existence of the green party, as such, which is fighting for climate and battling climate change. so it is not _ and battling climate change. so it is not a _ and battling climate change. so it is not a wonder that we have this conflict _ is not a wonder that we have this conflict here in this fierceness, as we see _ conflict here in this fierceness, as we see it — conflict here in this fierceness, as we see it now, in lutzerath. does the german _ we see it now, in lutzerath. does the german government - we see it now, in lutzerath. does the german government have - we see it now, in lutzerath. rip: the german government have any plan to offset the carbon emissions that would be associated with this mine? offsetting, obviously, can only achieve so much, but does it have any plan to try to do that?- any plan to try to do that? well, the company _ any plan to try to do that? well, the company in _ any plan to try to do that? well, the company in question, - any plan to try to do that? well, the company in question, rwe, | any plan to try to do that? well, | the company in question, rwe, is already— the company in question, rwe, is already trying to offset that by the kind of— already trying to offset that by the kind of technology that they use, but obviously it will be, it will have — but obviously it will be, it will have a — but obviously it will be, it will have a polluting effect and the
question is how far can we tolerate that? _ question is how far can we tolerate that? now. — question is how far can we tolerate that? now, the green party and the government north riding and the company— government north riding and the company in rwe have found a sort of compromise, which meant that rwe will terminate, using this type of coal much— will terminate, using this type of coal much earlier than planned, in 2030. _ coal much earlier than planned, in 2030, instead of 2038, but it will use a _ 2030, instead of 2038, but it will use a much— 2030, instead of 2038, but it will use a much more, which is under this village _ use a much more, which is under this village of— use a much more, which is under this village of lutzerath that now is being — village of lutzerath that now is being fought over. so the conflict is there _ being fought over. so the conflict is there and it cannot be wished away~ _ is there and it cannot be wished away. there is no technology to get religious _ away. there is no technology to get religious it— away. there is no technology to get religious. it is something that has to he _ religious. it is something that has to he done — religious. it is something that has to be done. —— there is no technology to get rid of it. it is something that has to be done if you want sanctions against russia... let me 'ust want sanctions against russia... me just bring want sanctions against russia... let me just bring in daniel again at mejust bring in daniel again at that point. looking at the environmental argument of course is massively important, daniel freund, but what do you make of what volker
stanzel is staying there, that this is something that has to be done if effective sanctions against russia are to work? 50 effective sanctions against russia are to work?— are to work? so that is true, basically. — are to work? so that is true, basically, for _ are to work? so that is true, basically, for the _ are to work? so that is true, basically, for the next - are to work? so that is true, | basically, for the next years, are to work? so that is true, - basically, for the next years, but in the meantime, i mean, on my right is the problem, on my left is the solution. we need to get windmills and solar panels and farms up as fast as possible, basically every windmill that goes up starting tomorrow will keep the coal in the ground and. this mine, we'll post this mine earlier, so obviously yes, what we have to do is really celebrate the build—up of renewable energy and save the energy as much as we can, so that we don't have to continue burning this horrible coal. yes, but there isn't a dependence on any one country for a power supply, energy supply. just finally and briefly, what do you see the resolution to the situation they're in lutzerath being? i
resolution to the situation they're in lutzerath being?— resolution to the situation they're in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful rotests is in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful protests is good. _ in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful protests is good, you _ in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful protests is good, you know, - in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful protests is good, you know, the - in lutzerath being? i mean, peaceful| protests is good, you know, the more people who go out and demonstrate for the climate, that is a good thing. the police are working to, you know, to free the village and i hear, you know, it will be dug up in the end, so that is where things are going. the end, so that is where things are anoin. �* the end, so that is where things are hoin _ �* ., the end, so that is where things are anoin. �* . . , the end, so that is where things are iioin.�* . going. and that was daniel freund, who is an mep _ going. and that was daniel freund, who is an mep for the _ going. and that was daniel freund, who is an mep for the green - going. and that was daniel freund, who is an mep for the green party l going. and that was daniel freund, l who is an mep for the green party in germany, at the other mine in germany, at the other mine in germany where the scholars being dug up germany where the scholars being dug up and also volker stanzel, former adviser to the sdp. police in brazil have arrested the former head of public security, anderson torres, over accusations that he colluded in the storming of government buildings in brasilia last sunday. brazil's supreme court also says it investigate the role of the former presidentjair bolsonaro.
the violence was carried out by thousands of radical bolsonaro supporters who continue to claim that october's election was rigged. mr bolsonaro briefly posted a video questioning the legitimacy of the vote, which was won by his rival lula da silva. the bbc�*s world service americas editor, leonardo rocha, has more. this is a major step. what we have here is the prosecutors, they began an investigation on monday, the attack on the presidential palace, congress and the supreme court took place on sunday. on monday — on sunday and monday, they changed the tone, the government's tone changed, and they opened an investigation. many other people are being investigated. businessmen, officials. the question was always, will it get to president bolsonaro? was he involved ? was there evidence? what happens now? prosecutors earlier today, they asked for president bolsonaro, the former president, to be included, and they said there was a video that he posted online, and took out straight after, in which he said the elections were rigged. and that, for him, the head
of supreme court, who is also the head of the electoral commission, said by saying that the elections were rigged, without proof, he was committing a crime, he was attacking an institution, he was attacking the supreme court, and he was attacking brazilian democracy, which is safeguarded by the constitution. leonardo russia bear. —— leonardo rocha there. sport and for a full round—up, from the bbc sport centre, here's olly foster. good afternoon. there were more boos at fulltime a goodsion park. everton took the lead, but lost 2—1 to bottom side southampton. everton's board of directors weren't there to see the defeat after being advised to stay away from the match following what the club described as a "real and credible threat to their safety and security." they say "malicious" and "unacceptably threatening" correspondence has been received by the club and also they also highlighted the increasing incidents
of anti—social behaviour, including targeted physical aggression, at recent home matches. james ward—prowse scored both southampton goals, as everton slumped to their fourth league defeat in a row at home. everton are only off the bottom of the table above saints on goal difference. we've had five results so far in the premier league, the early kick—off was at old trafford where united came out on top in the manchester derby. marcus rashford scored the late winner against city in their 2—1 win after they had gone behind to a jack grealish header. he has now scored in seven consecutive games, united have won nine in a row in all competitions and have moved up to third, a point behind city, in third. rashford also played a part in their contentious equaliser. he was ruled not to be interfering with play, despite being offside and running onto a pass that was converted by bruno fernandes. i thought that i went to bed early, so ijust didn't run. you know, if i
would have run for the ball, i would have just taken it and try to score or tried to pass to bruno, but i thought i was offside, so it stopped, i didn't touch the ball. so yeah, that is all i could do in that situation, really, it is up to the referees and the linesmen and how they see it, but yes, you know, from my point of view i wasn't involved in the play. if i wanted to be involved with the play, then i could have easily taken the ball. so yeah, i feel like it should have easily taken the ball. so yeah, ifeel like it should have have easily taken the ball. so yeah, i feel like it should have stood. arsenal can capitalise on that city slip up tomorrow, if they beat spurs they'll move eight points clear at the top. brighton are up to seventh, moving above liverpool after beating them 3—0. solly march scored twice. nottingham forest are still on the up, brennanjohnson scored both goals in their win against leicester. wolves are out of the relegation zone, beating west ham and the hammers have dropped in the bottom three. kicking off shortly... bre ntford vs bournemouth kicks off
in the next 15 minutes. andy murray says he is ready to make a statement at the australian open that starts on monday, he's been runner up five times in melbourne, although he does have a tricky first round match against world number 14, matteo berrettini. my my movement and stuff was significantly better than what it would have been at this stage last year, so... you know, when i move well, i tend to play well and that is really important for me. and that it's probably been the thing i have been happiest about since i got here. .. . .. been happiest about since i got here. ., , ., .. been happiest about since i got here. ., , ., ., �* �* been happiest about since i got here. ., . .. .. �* �* here. lots more on the bbc sport website, here. lots more on the bbc sport website. of _ here. lots more on the bbc sport website, of course, _ here. lots more on the bbc sport website, of course, but _ here. lots more on the bbc sport website, of course, but that - here. lots more on the bbc sport website, of course, but that is - here. lots more on the bbc sport website, of course, but that is all| website, of course, but that is all from me for now. olly foster, thank you very much. some single—use plastics will be banned in england from october. takeaways, restaurants, and cafes will have to stop using plastic cutlery, plates, and bowls as part of a new plan by the government to tackle plastic pollution. sean dilley reports. quick, convenient and no washing up. but from october, the government says it plans to ban restaurants and cafes in england from using some
single—use plastics and polystyrenes. we've got a whole raft of measures on waste trying to reduce waste in this country. and this new ban that we are announcing today is just one of a whole raft of measures to really tackle this issue. in 2020 single—use plastic straws, cotton buds and stirrers were banned for sale and distribution. it's estimated that england uses 2.7 billion items of single—use cutlery each year. the majority are plastic. in 2020 plastic cutlery made it into the top 15 most looted items. into the top 15 most littered items. england, though, is playing catch up with other uk nations. wales approved similar measures last month. those come into effect later this year. and scotland introduced a similar ban lastjune. takeaway owners are concerned that new rules could add to their costs when bills are already high. campaigners welcome any move that reduces our carbon footprint and reduces
harmful greenhouse gases. but for some, the government's plans don't go far enough. we're second only to the us in how much plastic waste is produced per person. i mean, we are the second biggest producers of plastic waste in the world. so we really need transformative change to happen. we need the government to be showing real ambition and taking the lead. we are actually looking for a 50% reduction in single—use packaging, which would lead to the kind of change we need to see. the proposed ban in england only applies to cafes and restaurants, and not to single—use plastic packaging for food and drinks sold in supermarkets. the government says it's working on separate plans for these retailers to cover disposal costs from 202a. sean dilley, bbc news. new research suggests hormone replacement therapy, which helps control menopause symptoms, could reduce the risk of alzheimer's in women. the study found hrt was linked
to improved memory and cognitive function in the 25% of women who carry a particular gene linked to alzheimer's. the charity alzheimer's research uk says more studies are needed on a larger scale. simonjones reports. hrt, taken to help control symptoms of the menopause. but could the therapy also have another benefit? that's what researchers at the university of east anglia are suggesting. they looked at the results of cognitive tests and brain volumes recorded by mri scans and concluded that the use of hrt is associated with better memory and larger brain volumes among women carrying the apoea gene. about a quarter of women in the uk are thought to have the gene, which is considered a risk factor for developing alzheimer's. these were associations, and they were done in an observational setting in around 1,200 people, so a relatively small sample size. but they give us great confidence now to say that this is a real
effect and to go on and do the confirmatory randomised control trials, which we're planning at the moment. this was an observational study, rather than a clinical trial, and it didn't look at dementia cases, but cognitive performance. the researchers say it is too early to say for sure that hrt reduces the dementia risk in women, and one charity told me caution is needed. what do you make of this research? the results of the study are extremely encouraging, but are the first step for further research. indeed, the study is quite limited in number, and we need bigger and larger studies with a higher number of women enrolled in the study, a proper clinical randomised trial that is looking at the effect of hrt on a wider population. and more research seems inevitable, given the clamour for treatment for dementia. simon jones, bbc news.
and you can reach me on twitter. you're watching bbc news. weat you're watching bbc news. our forecasts are very much being about the rain so far this january. we're not even halfway through the month and some spots have already seen close to a month and a half's worth of rainfall. cardiff, for example. in the days ahead, though, it will be relatively dry, but it's going to turn much colder. things have already started to become chillier across the uk through saturday as we've started to pick up a northwesterly airstream. late sunday into monday though, into a direct northerly airstream and arctic air, we all go. we still have a lot of water lying about and numerous flood warnings in place. so do keep up to date with those on our website. but instead of rain, it's going to be looking out for snow, i suspect in the days ahead.
that will be our major forecasting headache. we're going to have this little weather system drifting its way south overnight, the centre of our low pressure up here to the north—east, quite windy around that low gales for the south—west of scotland to the north of northern ireland, wintry showers feeding in to scotland, maybe even down to lower levels. and out of this system, perhaps a little bit of snow across snowdonia for the lake district, perhaps across the pennines, but generally still with the strength of the wind, it's not quite cold enough for us to see a widespread frost across england and wales. so it'll mostly be showers of rain we see on that little weather system as it trickles its way south through sunday morning and tends to fade out, actually, so i think quite a lot of sunshine to come across england and wales away from western coasts through the day on sunday. some more snow showers for the far north—west of scotland. a chillier day for all. the winds actually ease back through the day, but highs, 6s and 7s to the south of the uk, some parts of scotland away from the coast, temperatures will not
get above freezing. and then overnight sunday into monday, you can see a weather system there rolling through close to the south coast. the cold air at this stage is digging its way south. as the two come together, there is uncertainty where we may see perhaps something a little bit more significant in the way of snow for first thing on monday, perhaps across the downs, the weald of kent. please stay tuned because we will be able to pin that down closer to the time. same story, though, monday night into tuesday, that big low up there to the north—east. but these little features running around to the bottom of it, making it very difficult to pinpoint exactly where we could see wintry weather in terms of the timing in our forecast, but colder certainly for all this week.
this is bbc news, the headlines. iran has executed british—iranian dual national alireza akbari on charges of spying for the uk — which he had denied. britain's prime minister calls it a �*callous and cowardly act�* four people, including a seven—year—old girl, have been injured in a shooting near a funeral in central london. the uk has confirmed it will provide challenger 2 tanks to ukraine during a call with president volodymyr zelensky. it comes as russian forces launched a series of missile attacks across the country. a further five classified documents have been found at the home of president biden in delaware. climate activist greta thunberg joins protesters in the german village of lutzerath, as police try to clear the area