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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 8, 2023 10:30pm-11:01pm GMT

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cold wind but it's too bitterly cold wind but it's too dangerous. any one of these buildings could collapse around you. so you stay here on the street and you build a fire and you try not to cough as thick black smoke filled the air. and then the morning comes and it doesn't bring relief. at first light, families keep a silent vigil as rescue workers scaled piles of rubble, once homes but no tombs. sometimes, the pattern is broken. sometimes, the pattern is broken. sometimes miracles happen. but that's the exception now. instead, sops turn to cries and screams. sounds like this say more about the hurt than any words could. anna foster on life in the earthquakes and a survivor spent a third night in freezing temperatures. time for a look at the weather.
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here's louise lear. the weather in the uk has been quite recently but we have seen rain today for the debris so far has been quite dry but this was highland a few hours ago the you can see how heavy and persistent rain is. if we take a look, you can see how widespread it was across scotland today, accompanied by gales and severe gales at times. the white stuff is snow across the mountains, but if we push sequence on over the last couple of hours, you can see how quickly it fragments and weakens, now pushing its way into north—west england across the lake district. that band of cloud and light, drizzly rain will sink in south but we will continue to seek a rash of showers across scotland, which could lead to some ice first thing in the morning on untreated roads. it looks likely the cloud continue to push south and east, so if rust free start to the morning, taken off a bit of drizzle. you can see weather
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weatherford sits through east anglia towards the south—west but it will start to ease away as we go through the morning we are going to see an improving picture, allowing for some sunshine to return in the afternoon strip a tale of two halves quite likely. we keep those showers going on a brisk westerly wind in the far north of scotland, with gusts close to 40 north of scotland, with gusts close to a0 or 50 mph, north of scotland, with gusts close to a0 or50 mph, so north of scotland, with gusts close to a0 or 50 mph, so some showers quite potent at times. temperatures generally across the country between seven and nine celsius. we have had high pressure controlling things recently. it's still with us in fact on friday, but some subtle differences to the weather story, as the wind direction swings round the more the westerly, different topping cross that high pressure and that westerly will drive in slightly milder air, temperature slightly above where they should be for the time of year. as we go into friday and saturday, we will see double figures returning the best of the sunshine for england and wales and always the risk of more cloud and showers further north and west. you
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might have to watch out for early morning mist and fog again. thanks, louise. and that's bbc news at ten on wednesday 8th february. there's more analysis of the day's main stories on newsnight, which isjust getting under way on bbc two. the news continues here on bbc one, as now it's time to join our colleagues across the nations and regions for the news where you are. but, from the ten team, it's goodnight. hello welcome along. manchester united had to come from behind to earn a point at home to managerless leeds in the premier league. the game finished 2—2 at old trafford. second half goals from marcus rashford and jaydon sancho ensured the points were shared, after gnonto and an own goal from rafael varane had put the visitors 2—0 up.
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the result means manchester united remain third place in the primarily table. leeds will travel to fulham in the fifth round of the fa cup after the london side beat sunderland 3—2 in their fourth round replay. this goal eight minutes from the end by layvin kurzawa proved to be the winner for fulham despite a spirited display from their championship opponents. harry wilson and andreas periera were also on target at the stadium of light. arsenal women are through to the final of the league cup after beating manchester city. the game finished goal less after 90 minutes before stina blakstenius struck in the first period of extra time to seal the win. they'll meet either west ham or chelsea in next months final. meanwhile england goalkeeper mary earps has made the shortlist for women's goalkeeper of the year at the fifa best awards. the manchester united stopper started every game for england as they won the euros last summer and became the first keeper to keep 50 clean sheets in the women's super league.
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she's made the shortlist alongside chelsea's ann katrin berger and lyon's christiane endler. wales women's head coach gemma grainger has named a 27 player squad for the pinatar cup. defender gemma evans could celebrate a milestone 50th appearance in spain, while sheffield united goalkeeper bethan davies has received her first call up. it will be the second time wales compete in the competition, following their first appearance last year. they'll play scotland, the philippines and iceland. tottenham captain hugo lloris has been ruled out for up to 8 weeks with a knee injury. the goalkeeper played the full 90 minutes in spurs�* victory over manchester city on sunday. they have former southampton and england international, fraser forster as back up. lebronjames has become the nba's all time record points scorer. he surpassed 38,388 points, while scoring 38 for
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the la lakers overnight. the game was then stopped for celebrations and messages from celebrities including rhianna as he broke the record that had stood for 39 years. well court side seats were exchanging hands for thousands of dollars, but there were millions across the usa watching at home and in bars. these fans were keen to pay tribute to james. this guy, man, he was a big part of my inspiration. my hunger, my desire, wanting to be great. so to see him achieve this milestone, it means a lot, man. what he has accomplished as a basketball player is just absolutely incredible. he's got his longevity. everything he has done has transcended the last decade of basketball. lebronjames, who has had - all the pressure and expectations on him since he was a junior in high school. _ two years before he got - the nba he was on the cover
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of sports illustrated, | the biggest magazine for sports in this country. and to meet and exceed every single expectation is truly remarkable. - it wasn't just us fans who expressed their praise. the us president had his say "lebron, congratulations. with your whole heart and soul you broke a hell of a record. you elevated the game. more than that, like kareem, bill russell and others who came before you, you challenged and inspired the nation to be better, do better and live up to ourfull promise." ireland captainjohnny sexton insists there are no concerns over his fitness ahead of this weekends' six nations game against france. he came off in the second half of the victory over wales on saturday it was initially claimed he'd undergone a head injury assessment. but sexton says he'll be ready to go for the full 80 minutes this week — if needed. experienced scrum half ben youngs has been left out of england's
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29—man squad to face italy in the six nations on sunday. youngs is england's most capped player, but the leicester player be absent from a squad for the first time since 2018. northampton�*s alex mitchell is included as one of the two scrum halves along with jack van poortvliet. flanker ben curry, who started the 29—23 defeat by scotland, has also been left out as has wing anthony watson. that's all the sport for now.
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this is bbc news channel, we'll have the headlines and all the lastest news, straight after this programme. across the uk, people are on strike. in england... there is a growing anger in this country. ..scotland... the workers united will never be defeated! ..northern ireland... horns sound ..and wales. how are people going to pay these bills? i workers spent more days on strike in 2022 than at any time since the i980s. unions and bosses are further apart than ever. so why are they striking and is there an end in sight? these strikes are completely unnecessary. i'm finding it really hard, like, to heat my house, to feed my children. our members have been. getting poorer and poorer. at the end of the day, i
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they deserve a pay rise. there has to be a reality check amongst the trade union colleagues about where that money would have to come from. no—one's taking it lightly but it's, kind of, the only way now we feel like we're going to be heard. if the union leaders - continue to be unreasonable, then it is my duty to take action. i'm not the grinch. i'm a trade union official and i'm determined to get a deal. the biggest strikes in a generation are happening even though fewer people are in unions. membership peaked in the late 19705, when i3—million people were members. since then, it's declined to about 6.7 million people — about a quarter of the workforce. to about 6.7 million people — it's mostly in the private sector that union membership has fallen, but unions are still strong and able to flex their muscles elsewhere.
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strikes, increasingly, are largely concentrated in the public sector or in the formerly public sector. so privatised utilities, for example. and we're seeing it in royal mail and we're seeing it, of course, the railways were privatised. trade unions are recognised for bargaining over pay and conditions in the public sector. that hasn't really gone away. it's been under challenge. it's got more fragmented but it still holds up. unions say strikes are a last resort and are usually called when negotiations break down. workers, when they vote to strike, first have to weigh up the alternatives. people have to see a serious injustice in the workplace and then, if they're in a unionised workplace, they think that the union can actually do something about it.
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and also that they think, weighing up the costs and benefits, on balance, it's worth taking a deep breath and going on strike. the current wave of strikes has echoes in history. the uk's biggest industrial action was in 1926. the general strike shook the country, with coal miners playing a central role. one in ten men or boys of working age were employed in the coal industry. now, miners had won important gains in the 1910s and then during the first world war by having established a national system of pay bargaining. so there was an attempt by employers to abandon national minimum and to reduce the overall volume of wages, so miners resisted and workers, trade unionists in other sectors of the economy, joined them in a sympathetic strike — the general strike. the government of the time, including the chancellor
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of the exchequer, winston churchill, refused to back down. after nine days, most unions called off their strikes, leaving the miners out on their own. they were ultimately unsuccessful in that the national system of pay awards was abolished in coal mining. protesters: two, four, six, eight, castle must negotiate! _ fast forward to the 19705 and the so—called winter of discontent, rolling strikes across lots of industries stopped work. rubbish piled up in the streets as refuse collectors joined the walk—outs. workers were attempting to protect themselves against attacks on their cost of living and they were on strike because many of them worked in the public sector and their wages were being controlled downwards by the then labour government that was trying to seek a way out of the high levels of inflation in britain in the 1970s, very similar to the 2020s where we are today.
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the disruption then was the biggest in modern times, with 29—million working days lost. estimates for today's strike suggest the total for 2022 could be 2—million. in may 1979, a conservative government led by margaret thatcher was elected and, within months, it passed new laws to limit the power of trade unions. they've certainly become less influential. they became less influential from the 1980s to the 2010s. i believe they're becoming more influential now. just as in 1979, today's strikes are being driven by powerful forces of economics. the covid pandemic saw a pay freeze on many workers, and just as things were getting back to normal, came the war in ukraine, causing a huge increase in the cost of energy. we want 10%!
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workers are experiencing the deepest and longest wage squeeze in 200 years. the cost of living crisis, energy prices soaring, the cost of fuel and household goods and food. people are on their knees and they're saying, "we need more. "we need a fair pay rise." inflation hit 11% as the latest wave of strikes began. the institute for fiscal studies estimates the cost of raising pay to match that across the whole of the public sector would be £18—billion. the government says that increase is unaffordable and would make inflation worse. we need to make sure that in the round, the decisions that we take don't have big economic impacts, both in terms of causing an inflationary spiral, in terms of other wage rises asked by other people in the economy. also, putting money into the economy, it causes prices to go yet higher.
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and that's why these are very, very difficult decisions. unions point out pay is rising more slowly in the public sector than elsewhere in the economy. public sector pay has risen on average a% to 5% in 2022, according to the ifs. in the private sector, it's gone up about 6%. critics of unions, however, point to other factors in the argument. the people who are scraping a living lat the moment are people working i in things like retail, - agriculture — low productivity industries with low pay. the public sector... l you know, it's certainly true that l nurses are perhaps not paid as much as they are in some other countries and so forth, but nurses earn morej than the national average. unions say some of their members are on the lowest pay and they say working conditions in the public sector are being worsened, too. it's about the staffing crisis that's been driven by 12 years of those pay cuts,
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but also a lack of adequate funding that has meant we've got real work intensification, excessive and unsustainable workloads. elsewhere across the economy, it's about insecure work, it's about attempts to reduce people's pensions and attacks on kind of increasing casualisation, so it is a range of factors. but bosses insist workers' demands can only be met if unions accept the need to change and modernise. look at the railways, for example, where many of these issues - have been unresolved - for generations, literally. if you take the sort of weekend rota arrangement, it's always been - dependent on overtime. that system was being argued about 50 years ago, right, - and it's still here today. and, you know, if we want to make our public and quasi _ public, like the railways, - have a sustainable increase in pay over time, and that's _
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what we all want to see in a sense, then they've got to i increase productivity. money doesn't come from nowhere. it has to be funded, ultimately, by the industry itself. _ the research shows us that pay strikes tend to be effective, not necessarily in getting all that's claimed, but certainly in achieving a gain. it helps if you're in an occupation which isn't easily substitutable. an example of that is the barristers' strike. you can't suddenly bring in a whole load of replacement barristers to substitute for that job. barristers won one of the largest pay settlements of 2022, calling off their strike in november after the government offered a 15% increase in their fees. and there was a pay deal worth up
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to 16% for members of the cwu union after a walk—out at bt. here's how the union praised that agreement to its members. but such victories come at a cost. the general public has faced months of disruption, with unions targeting the busiest periods to strike and co—ordinating their action with other unions. border force staff at the uk's l busiest airports announce eight days of strike action. this is a country right now where receiving a letter, catching a train, getting a driving test, even being collected by an ambulance or seeing a nurse might not happen. 124 different government _ departments, people who work in job centres, in tax offices, - in the department for transport, culture, in museums and galleries.
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this really is a very bitter dispute and there is no end in sight. of course, it's regrettable that inconvenience is caused and, wherever possible, our members seek to minimise that, but when you've got an employer who won't budge, who won't listen, that often is the last resort to many workers. and it's an important part of the tool box that they have in order to get an employer to come and negotiate and sit round the table. but it is at the workforce's discretion to withdraw their labour. it's a fundamental right that they have. that right to strike is limited by laws which have made it harder to go on strike. unions have to hold a ballot with members voting by post. a strike can only happen if 50% of them turn out. where important public services are at stake, at least a0% must vote in favour. and since the summer, employers are allowed to bring in agency workers to replace those striking. but those aren't the only reasons
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going on strike can be difficult. it's a very risky, it's a very stressful thing to do. it can mean difficult relations with your colleagues. certainly it can mean difficult relations with your immediate managers. it's not an easy decision. strike action, historically, has not been a course of action for all workers. there are some groups which haven't been able to do so. the police are one group, prison officers are another, and military personnel. the government is proposing extending some of those restrictions to other parts of the public sector, including paramedics and firefighters. that follows other legislation introduced over the years to reduce the impact of strikes. the laws on who can strike and where have changed since the 1970s. now it's only possible to go on strike when you're in direct dispute with your employer at your own place of work. a poll in october found 60%
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of the public generally support workers taking industrial action, with 33% opposed. a poll in october found 60% of the public generally support workers taking industrial action, with 33% opposed. but will that support continue? we think that public support is really enduring. we know that everyone is looking to this industrial action because it means something for them, too. a win for members taking action is a win for all and that public support is really important to keep that pressure on employers, on government, to make sure that those workers get a fair pay deal. i think public opinion on this can be very volatile. - at the moment, for example, - there's plenty of support for nurses and medical workers, generally. whether that will be maintained i if there were serious strikes over along period of time, _ where waiting lists were going up
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and up and up and up, i doubt. ithink, you know, opinion i could shift very, very quickly. whistle blows for now, these strikes are going to impact many of us — students, patients, passengers and all the other users of the industries taking action. the number of strikes has risen, with no sign so far of a resolution. so, what's the way out? the way to end the current wave of strikes is to ensure that we get wages rising across britain. the priority for the government is to stabilise the economy and to grow the economy and in order to do that you need to make sure that workers have wages in their pocket that mean they can not only keep their heads above water but they can go out and continue to stimulate demand in the economy. this intensive period of strike action will come to an end. people's personal circumstances, people can't survive without wages, and they can only carry it
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on for a certain amount of time. most people don't have large savings to buffer them against difficult times. most people are not being affected by these strikes. i unless the government sort of bottles and gives in, - i think these strikes will settle down. i we won't have these _ inflation—busting pay increases. but it does depend on the government having the will to, _ you know, override temporary unpopularity on this. - as inflation declines, the pressures themselves, the immediate pressures that are so acute that make people prepared to take strike action, will decline as well. people adjust again... making their already declined wages stretch, because it's that much easier to make it stretch when inflation isn't as high
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as it is at the moment. hello there.
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there was a hard frost across england and wales with plenty of sunshine on wednesday here. but we had gale force gusts of winds and rain further north. this is how we closed out the afternoon. in highland and that weather front that was responsible for this continues to sink its way steadily south and east. no significant rain by the time it pushes south east as it bumps into this area of high pressure. so a band of cloud, light drizzle from east anglia down to cornwall, slowly clearing towards the channel. behind it, some sunshine coming through. a brisk and northwesterly wind will continue to feed in showers, particularly north west of the great glen. and winds still gusting a0 to 50 miles an hour at times. so noticeable, strong westerly wind. temperatures around 7 to 9 degrees, one or two places, if we're lucky, just seeing ten celsius as a high — 50 fahrenheit. now, as we close out thursday into the early hours of friday, we'll start to see a contrast, more cloud pushing in to the far north. some showery outbreaks of rain here, but milder temperatures holding up above freezing with clearer skies. temperatures falling just below freezing once again across england and wales.
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so we can't rule out frost and fog again for friday, but high pressure dominates for england and wales. still a bit more of a breeze up into the far north—west. and this westerly feed of air will continue to be a story. so it will be a slightly milder feel. generally across the country, we're likely to see temperatures into double digits. that weather front toppling across the high will bring outbreaks of showery rain into scotland. more cloud, high cloud across northern england and wales as well. highs generally of 9 to 13 degrees. now, as we move into the weekend, that milder air will continue to be the story. the high pressure reallyjust sitting across europe and clinging on to central and southern england with weather fronts toppling across that high. so that means we'll always run the risk of more cloud and outbreaks of rain with a stronger wind across the far north and west. there'll be quite a lot of cloud generally on saturday, but it will be largely fine and dry for england and wales
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and a little bit milder. 9 to 13 degrees. the high. similar story as well as we go into sunday. watch out for that early morning mist and fog once again.
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welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore. i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. three days after the earthquakes in turkey and syria more than 12 thousand are dead — it's feared thousands more are still trapped. president erdogan defends the turkish government's response to monday's earthquakes saying it was impossible to be prepared for a disaster so large. we have mobilised all our resources at the moment. as of now we will make some preparations, make damage assessments and give our citizens some support. assessments and give our citizens some support. we'll have the latest news and analysis from our correspondents in the region. also coming up on newsday. president zelensky of ukraine
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addresses the uk parliament


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