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tv   Leaders with Lacqua  Bloomberg  November 28, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EST

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♪ francine: welcome to leaders. santander is one of the oldest and biggest banks in the world. with a footprint in spain, the u.k., and the united states, it is a truly global bank with more than 100 million customers. recently, the spanish lender had undergone several big changes, most recently when emilio botin, the executive chairman, passed away in 2014. his daughter, ana botin, took over from her father and quickly implemented a share sale of 75 billion euros.
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in her first television interview since becoming chairman, i speak exclusively to ana botin about her vision, emerging markets, and regulation. ana botin, thank you so much for joining us. we have seen these huge changes in the last 12 months. are we going to see more, or are you happy where the bank is now? ana: the last 12 months have been very intense. the capital rates are changing the dividend policy, but more important the governance of the people changes on the board. we changed the ceos in our five big countries. that is over. we are ready to actually start executing on our strategy. francine: your strategy is what, simpler and fairer? ana: santander has a very strong base, so we are present in 10 core geographies.
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10 countries. santander markets with a billion people where we have 170 million customers. so everything, our focus going forward is going to be how to do more business with these customers. a hundred million are in our banks and only 13 million are loyal out of 50 million active customers. so all our strategy is how can we make our customers be better santander customers? so if i ask you, francine, who do you bank with, and you say santander. francine: and that makes me a loyal customer. ana: that first step is making you a loyal customer, that when they ask you, you say santander is my bank. francine: no asset sales and no further capital raising? ana: we have huge potential just to grow with our existing
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customers so we do not need to buy. we do not need to buy. we have and we will continue to look at opportunities in our core markets, but that is not something we need to do. francine: how do you make a customer loyal? is it service, is it marketing, is it something else? ana: i think today, you need to do everything right, so customers have high expectations. you need to deliver excellent service. you need to deliver great products. and you need to deliver them in a very cost-efficient way. the price has to be right. the best example is our 1, 2, 3 strategy which we started in the u.k. and are now rolling out in spain, and it is a strategy. it is about loyal customers, it is about lasting relationships with our customers. francine: the 1, 2, 3 account is something that is quite expensive because you give back to customers. you do make them loyal, but are you concerned that you are giving too much away? or is loyalty the most important thing? because then you can grow in the years from now. ana: we want to be the best retail and commercial bank.
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we want to be the best commercial bank for our people, our customers, our shareholders, and our communities. the strategy has to make sense for our customers, but also for our shareholders. the reason we can spread the circle is we have a best in class cost income. we reported in june a cost income ratio of a little bit less than 47%. that is best in class among all the large banks in the world, and that is what allows us to deliver great products with great prices and excellent service. we are not there yet by any means, and that is exactly what we are going to work on over the next few years, is how we do that in our large markets. francine: what was so successful in the u.k. that you can replicate elsewhere? ana: when i was in the u.k. we were probably one of the worst, if not the worst bank in the u.k. in terms of service and now we are ranked pretty much at the top. that is very important. also we have, i think, come up with a strategy that customers like, so we have been the biggest beneficiary of the switching service.
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we are very much a challenge bank. we are a stale challenger, but we are bringing competition to the u.k. i believe that it is a product that pays interest, gives you cash back, and delivers a great digital experience. i think that is what customers are valuing. ana: so that is what you want to be and push forward. at a time when a lot of european banks are chasing this high net worth individual, that is not what you want? ana: of course i want that. as well. we want to do high-end retail and commercial banking for the affluent. the majority of the customers in the u.k. are affluent that are coming to us because even though we are only trying to convert active into loyal, we are actually attracting a lot of new customers. when i say we want to convert customers and make them loyal, we are not going to tell you not to join santander from another bank. we welcome everybody.
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francine: is there another bank you look at and want to be like a little bit? i'm thinking of wells fargo. is that a right business model or not? ana: there is many similarities and i think the potential and what wells fargo has done matters a lot in the u.s., is not very different from what we are doing. the difference is that we had a billion people in our market. that is a big number. so the potential growth i think is probably bigger all the time. francine: your share price has come under pressure. i would not say significant pressure, but under pressure. how much do you think that is out of your control? ana: i would like -- and i know this is a big ask -- i think we should be measured by a capital increase. we did very well until about mid-april. our share price was up 16%, 17%. in line or better than most of our peers.
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since then, there have been a number of issues. brazilian banks are down i think it is 35% since then. spanish banks are down. it is the market. i think what is important is that we have shown very strong results and our latest results, profits were up 25%. we had increased our capital ratio to close to 10%. cost income, i mentioned the 47%, and returns on equity, 11.5%. these are our june numbers. very importantly, having increased our profits by 30%, so we are doing well. unfortunately, global growth is slowing down and emerging markets are now out of favor, and so that is not helping us. francine: coming up after the break, we find out how volatility and emergence markets by into santander strategy. ana: i think the important thing is that we are very balanced. ♪
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francine: more from my exclusive interview with ana botin when we return. ♪
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♪ francine: santander is a bank with a huge presence in emerging markets. it needs to have a strategy that cushions volatility. ana botin tells us the bank is well-balanced to manage these factors. ana: i think global growth will be slower, so it is obviously going to slow down. china is a big economy.
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i think the most important thing about santander is we are very balanced. 50% of our earnings are coming from developed markets, which are huge beneficiaries of what is going on. so spain, germany, we are the biggest consumer bank in germany with a 14% market share. we have a very good business in the u.s. with good returns. we could do much better, but it is doing well. that provides a very strong buffer against all the emerging markets. i always say santander tends to do better when things are complicated because we are not stable. when everything is doing very well, we usually are going to underperform. again, if you look at any point in time, if you look january to april, we did really well. i'm quite confident on what we can do for the next few years, in spite of emerging markets being a bit volatile at the moment. francine: talk to me about brazil.
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we talked a little bit about emerging markets and the turmoil in emerging markets. brazil is going through a really rough time independently of what is happening in china. how do you see that business developing? ana: our brazilian business for quite a while actually was not performing as well as we would have liked. that is quite clear, i acknowledged we did not do as well as we should have over the last couple years. the last year, 18 months, have done a lot better. we have de-risked the bank, which is very important. we have strengthen the management also. recently, we have appointed a new ceo. our current ceo has done a very good job on the team on that site. it is not going to be easy, and i think brazil has -- there is two possibilities. one is the one we believe in and as always, brazil has had a number of the situations in the
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past, has always taken the path of making the reforms which are not easy for the people and the economy, and that is what is happening right now. we believe that is going to continue to be the case. there is another scenario which is more negative, that would mean more years of low growth or recession. we think brazil has taken the right measures so far and we are confident that after maybe 15, 16 we will see growth again. the currency has depreciated significantly and this would allow exports and volumes to grow hopefully in the next year. not now, but a year forward. francine: how much do you worry about currencies? do you have a fair value for the euro? at the moment, it looks like it is going all over the place. -- and this will have an influence, of course, on santander.
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ana: currencies have been positive for santander this year. there will probably be a negative effect on our p&l next year because of the latin american currencies. our businesses, we expect to do very well, but we will be dragged down by the currency when we convert our earnings into euros. we hedge our capital 100% so that is not an issue. it is very difficult to know what the fair value of the euro is. i do not know if it is 115, 112, 118. usually currencies tend to overshoot, so we have the euro at 135, 140. clearly that was not -- the purchasing power parity was not there. it is roughly where we are today. if it overshoots, it is very hard to know. at the end, currencies move according to improvements. again, our business in europe we expect to do better over the next few years because our customers are doing better. i was just with a customer who buys a lot of things from china and consumption is going up in spain. the cost of all those products to import is going down so they are going to be very competitive. spain has been growing exports
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in a very significant way over the last 12 months. and so that should be -- that is one of the effects of the cheaper euro. francine: what is your main concern overall? if we have a global recession, is there something you think the markets or bankers are not really seeing the moment? ana: well, my biggest challenge is really executing on a strategy. we know where we want to go. we now need to execute. again, we are a bank. it is not going to be as exciting as the last 12 months. it is not about new people and raising capital. that is over.
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it is now about executing for our customers and continuing to deliver for our shareholders, and that is a big task. i always think about our people and our team. i want to have the best team in the u.k., the best team in brazil, and i think we have that today. we can maybe do a bit more in terms of building and strengthening at the second and third level, but i think we are at a pretty good place. and of course the macro is the biggest challenge we all have. the balance between developed and developing at santander, so the markets are in europe and the americas. it is a split between developing and developed and that will give us more stability than others. as things get quite bad, we should do better than others. we will be affected, but less than others. that is what i believe will happen. francine: coming up after the break, we talk regulation, and how development is helping santander customers. ana: apple pay is not a good business for santander but it is for our customers. ♪ francine: more from ana botin when we return. ♪
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♪ francine: she is one of the most high-profile businesswomen in the world, running a bank with more than 100 million customers. in her first ever television interview since taking over santander, ana botin voices her concerns about taxation in the u.k. and regulation in europe. ana: i think you need competitive taxation. it is very important that the u.k. authorities understand how they are taxing financial institutions in the u.k., vis-à-vis other centers. with the changes next year we are at a disadvantage in the u.k. i say "we" because we are a part of the u.k. santander always does well in the u.k. it has to be competitive with other centers and at the moment i do not think it is. francine: are european banks in general at a disadvantage because we are that far behind in getting our act together? ana: no, all the changes the u.k. has done most of them.
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continental europe, the rest of europe is sort of in the process. this has a cost, and so qe needs banks that can transmit qe to the economy so we can make loans and give you a mortgage and fund a startup. because regulation has still not been implemented in many aspects. i think i was told in brussels a few days ago there is still 300 pending pieces of legislation in banks. i heard the number 400. let's say it is between 300 and 400. this means banks will be holding back a bit, even though we are increasing lending. for example, we are increasing lending in spain right now, but i think there is a drag effect because of this uncertainty and
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because this regulation is still in the process of being implemented. francine: you mentioned the u.s. there are concerns around the u.s. because you have failed the stress tests on santander. how are you addressing it? ana: we need to meet our own internal standards. we are working very hard. the first thing we did was change the team and the governance, so we have a new board in the u.s., a new chairman at the level. so i believe we now understand what we need to do, and our aim is to show significant progress, significant progress next year on the agenda. francine: so you are keeping it, there is nothing up for sale? ana: we are absolutely committed to the u.s. it is a great country, in spite of the regulatory difficulties. our return in the u.s. is 8.5%, which is not that bad. it covers our cost of equity. our aim is to get to 11% returns on equity. most important is to meet the regulatory requirements.
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francine: do you worry about disruptors? about new entrants? i know the recent research shows that only two people out of 10 want and only online experience. how much do you look at the competition? you were talking about offering apple pay as a service. ana: apple pay is not a good business for santander, but it is a good business for our customers, so i think soon it will be a great business for us. our customers love it, and we did it because a significant proportion of our santander u.k. customers had an iphone, so we thought we have to offer them apple pay as soon as we can. what is interesting is that we now developed a great app around apple pay, which is making customers more loyal to santander because you can see where you spend money. it is a breakthrough and it is very popular. i think we need to continue to innovate and i think that is the key thing. having said this, i think the important thing -- and i said this recently in frankfurt at a meeting -- we need a fair play market for all, so the rules have to be the same for banks and new entrants.
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i think this is incredibly important. so sharing information, if i share my customer information for new entrants share customer information, because otherwise it is very difficult to run a business. so i think that is a key thing. francine: do you think they will? do you think the regulators are looking at this and understanding? because the problem with the structures is they move so fast. ana: i think they are, and i think one of the things we are doing also, and i think there is many of these new companies with which we are collaborating. we are working with apple for apple pay. funding circle, we are the first bank to team up with them.
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when i say no to a customer because their lending criteria does not accept his or her credit rating, we send them to funding circle. so i believe in collaboration with the new entrants, but not with all of them, because some of them are actually not ready to do that. i think we are trying very hard to work with the new entrants, and also to do our own disruptive strategies. francine: you are considered probably one of the most influential europeans across the globe, and on a most influential around the world list, we seem to understand there are fewer europeans than it should be given the population in this region. why do you think that is? ana: we did more diversity, not just about women. i think we need more diversity in company and boards. i think women are a significant part of that diversity. i am very proud you now have a woman chair in the u k, a woman chair in santander consumer. and we are increasing the programs to support senior women. i think it is a matter of time, but there is a lot of work to do, and i think we need to work together with the men.
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i always say when i get invited to an event where there is only women, you are preaching with the converted, so we need to work together with senior people in the companies to make sure that we can do something. we need to do more. clearly we need to do more. and i think we need to incentivize business leaders to actually do this because it is great for the business. i am convinced it is going to be not just good for the woman but good for the companies. francine: in three years, where will you be and where will the bank be? ana: we are setting very ambitious targets, so in terms of financial targets, i think in a very ambitious place, but very importantly, i want us to be the best bank in many more markets. we are already the best when i say the best, the best for our people, customers, shareholders, and communities.
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i think in some of the smaller countries like portugal and chile, we are already there. we want to be there in many more markets. we define "best" as i said, not just for our shareholders but for all of our stakeholders. francine: thank you so much, ana botin, for speaking with bloomberg. ana: thank you so much. ♪
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