tv Bloomberg West Bloomberg March 4, 2016 6:00pm-7:01pm EST
conservative political action committee can't in maryland. carson said he is suspending his bid to the white house. anyaised more money than other republican contender, 58 million dollars since he began his bid last may. democratic presidential front-runner hillary clinton says the nation needs a new bargain to create better paying jobs. clinton is campaigning in michigan ahead of the state's primary next tuesday. she is proposing a callback of tax benefits for companies that ship jobs overseas. crews are starting to dig up old lead pipes digging up water mains to homes. children under six years old, senior citizens, pregnant women, people with compromised in the in systems, and homes where there are high levels of lead. brazilian police raided a home and took into custody, president -- released after four hours. he called his detention and
politically motivated media spectacle and promises to fight charges and a corruption scandal. powered by our 2400 journalists and more than 150 news bureaus around the world. i am mark crumpton. emily: this is bloomberg west preview coming up we hear from california governor jerry brown. we talk elections, the economy, and silicon valley. plus our mutual funds marking down startups? we talk about the rapidly changing funding environment. and lincoln's capital was slashed in half. lead, the story
that could set one of the most important precedents is this decade, apple versus the fbi. it has escalated to a new heights with the head of the fbi asking apple to move its vicious guard dogs and apple rallying silicon valley allies to its side. >> our only concern is with warrant encryption. >> while there isn't a middle ground i know of that requires apple to go to work for the government, we have a constitution. >> the constitution is not a suicide pact. it was built to defend this nation. if all of a sudden we are saying .e don't have to and this >> if it really was critical information, they would.
putting all discussion of president assad, how can the guy get into this iphone? -- all discussion of precedents aside, how can the fbi get into this iphone? use survey to a lot of different security experts who say the fbi can get into the phone on its own. >> a lot of experts say the nsa can definitely do it. well-funded most spy agency on earth and have a very powerful crypto hacking tool. they probably don't want to help out because when it gets into courts their capabilities could be revealed. the fbi doesn't need the nsa. actuallye methods is to copy the content of the phone
so when the iphone erases all the data, they have another ship that works as a file backup -- that works as a file backup. toonly cost $60 and is used upgrade the phone. on the software side, experts say the fbi should find and exploit crack's in software. there are flaws found in apple stuff all the time. what the fbi can do, it needs to find the vulnerability and get the data. experts are saying these methods aren't easy. isn't probablyi trying, because this case is about setting a precedent. emily: the fbi is in trying? think there are four easy ways to get into this phone. paul: the fbi can look for
software bugs, they can look for channel attacks, look at radio emissions from the device and figure out information you they can figure out glitch attacks an unsigned to load operating system version by bypassing signature checks. or maybe they can pull information out. to do those you have to invest an effort and the issue isn't this particular phone. this isn't an important phone. the case is predicated on the fact this is an important phone. paul: it is an important one for the fbi and an important one for apple. but not for a law-enforcement investigation. because there will be no trial, going to the nsa wouldn't even meet with situation -- emily: wouldn't they want to do everything they can to get that
tough off the phone? -- get that stuff off the phone? paul: i think the issue comes down to there are formats in which they can do this. them areem is none of easy. they take an investment of time and effort. it depends on which ones you do. in which single bug you can find and exploit can take -- find and exploit -- find exploit takes time. the intelligence community has done this and we can see that in some of the releases of the past new year's. .- past few years what they are trying to do is make it an easier effort by setting a precedent that allows apple to do it for them effectively.
amazon, which has backed apple in this fight has quietly stopped encrypting the fire operating system. paul: the issue isn't whether or not we are going to have good or bad security. it is a question whether or not u.s. companies can be court ordered to do things to circumvent their security. we had this detente where the intelligence community is taking advantage of accidental mistakes, of which there have been a fast number -- been a vast number. the fbi is seeing is they are looking at the gap between the information they can collect about a target, which has been growing dramatically over the years, but the amount they can't collect is also growing. the amount they do get has gone up dramatically.
cloud services has put into effect huge repositories of information. -- has a slightly old copy of that data. the good thing is we are getting it isublic dialogue and important dialogue to have to figure out whether we want security to be the priority or not. emily: there are reports that the system is hackable. what would it take to create an un-hackable operating system? >> what apple is trying to do and going to do is attempt to make an iphone that is unbreakable by apple. they are trying to defend themselves from a court order that could compel them to do this. the attacker, nsa, anyone else looking for a vulnerability, they are relying on mistakes
made in the development of the device or the development of the software. near gettinghere our computer security so good that nobody can i -- nobody can break anything. >> provable securities is incredible he difficult to attain. apple only needs to rely on the -- emily: i could talk to you for hours but we will have to leave it there. always great to have you here on the show. selena wang of newburgh news in new york -- of bloomberg news in new york. california governor jerry brown weighing in on the presidential campaign and donald trump. he gets very candidates next. ♪ -- very candid next. ♪
emily: who was the big winner of the republican debate? it may be hillary clinton at the presidential candidate posted nine tweets, netting a total of 10 million impressions. republican front-runner donald trump led the pack, picking up 0 additional followers -- 14.5 millioneraged viewers according to preliminary ratings. governor jerry brown for an exclusive interview on the political landscape, silicon valley, and climate change. i asked him how he thinks this primary season will play out. they are divided
between republicans and democrats, conservatives, liberals, religious fundamentalists, libertarians, and all the rest. we have a crisis of governance in the face of an increasingly dangerous world. people are upset. see is not all that inspiring. it is very difficult in the midst of this kind of challenging complexity. we are going to have to do better to win the support of the american people. saying the are primary could be the last stand. is that nomination inevitable? mr. trump does not have a majority. it's happened in unpredictable ways -- things happen in
unpredictable ways. moretuned, there is much that happens. it is very open. does it scare you he is that close to the nomination and presidency? gov. brown: i would like to sound scared. there are a lot of things i'm more concerned about. i'm concerned about the big issues acing america. getting together when it is on the supreme court nominee, when it is increasing search and development and dealing with the negative consequences. i would like that to happen. if we have a dysfunctional congress, ultimately we are going to get back to president.
part.d like to do my emily: who are you supporting? gov. brown: i'm not supporting anybody at this point. emily: would you accept a vp nomination? gov. brown: i haven't been offered one. emily: would you be interested? gov. brown: not particularly. i ran for president, not vice president. do you see a demise of the two parties? the brown: i'd say republican party hasn't quite gelled yet but it is getting close. events happen in politics. made.ts up,ooks like it is shaping it looks like it is coming
together. i would give us a few more months. emily: is donald trump fit to be president? gov. brown: i think the idea he's going to build a wall and make mexico pay for it is absolutely preposterous, and it will bring such tension with our closest neighbor. a dumber idea i can't imagine. it is dumber than it is dangerous. emily: you have other states, other cities trying to be the next silicon valley. sure where top talent is cultivated? you can't just come here and think you will create stamford, apple and facebook. the evolution has come to world
war ii, the spacing and information technology. it is based on a system of higher education, the openness to new entrants. people come here and in a matter of months they can find an important job. in a matter of years they become ceo or president. if you look at most of the job -- most of the governors, they all moved here. within a matter of decade or two, they are running for higher office. places areese other much more culturally conservative. in that sense we have to be very careful to nurture. but i'm not worried about other people grabbing it. were born and raised
in san francisco, you know how the city has changed, how expensive it has become, the tech community has been blamed for widening inequality. is that fair, and if so what should the tech community do about it? certainly if summary has culpability, their job is to make proper investments, take care of their shareholders, and their employees in the community . our job in government is to pass laws to set the bar at a reasonable level. i think we are doing that. the trouble is the welfare is going so quickly that prices aren't moving up quickly. the government can't say hold down prices, we are going to regulate everything. we are dealing with a difficult situation. there is probably no place in california that has more of a safety net, but everything is a
balance. freewheelingy environment, and where we see a sensible way to curtail exits. emily: the debate has created a even bigger divide. could washington be at risk at losing the support of its -- economiciters? contributors? gov. brown: we have to be prepared to defang the terrorists. whether or not you can create encryption, that is a topic -- mr. cook is on another side. i'm not prepared to offer my wisdom because it takes more knowledge. emily: the sharing economy has exploded in california. should companies make their drivers as employees?
gov. brown: i think you have to ask -- you have to respect the employee relationship. we do have rules in california that will be interpreted by the courts. i think you have to watch the exploitation. everything is about balance. there are points where workers have to have a sense of security. there is this new amazing flexibility provided. we try to combat -- try to combine the benefits by the benefits. we are going to find a balance. defiesclimate change your legacy. what needs to be done to create sustainable policies on a national scale?
gov. brown: it's going to take pricing carbon, and some republican conservatives have called for a revenue neutral carbon tax. we can get zero emission vehicles. in california we are 25% renewable energy. we are going to 15% in 15 years. this takes a national commitment and the supreme court dealt a blow to america's leadership on this issue when they temporarily blocked the clean air initiative. climate change is real. we are going to have to prepare for a sea level rise anywhere from four to six feet. that is going to take hundreds of billions. .e have to work in prevention this is dam serious.
emily: to facebook overhauling its tax structure. carolyn high has all the details from london. carolyn: facebook is set to pay millions of dollars more in taxes the u.k. and try to improve transparency. facebook would stop reading -- stop reading sales through ireland, where it has been benefiting from a lower corporate tax rate.
book u.k.d would sales in great britain. this comes after the social begin giant was criticized for u.k. tax bills that were less than my own. a tax bill that was less than any other average worker in the u.s. -- in the u.k. would tend to pay. they are paying the equivalent of $6,000. the tax situation has been a growing theme. with google agreeing to pay $184 million in back taxes. although it is mainly served to stir up more controversy. as yet, it is unknown the exact amount facebook would have to boost its payments within the next tax year. smaller business sales without staff intervention, that would continue to be rooted. reaction ise
positive as it seeks to introduce new rules for what it seeks to be aggressive tax planning. other companies that have previously been in the microscope are starbucks, amazon. back to you. hyde: bloomberg's carolyn in london. how google engineers are working with unicef to map out where the zika virus may hit next. this newly developed mapping technology later in the show.
convention in july if trump does not have enough delegates to win outright. romney spoke with bloomberg politics comanaging editor mark lauer. >> even a lot of your own political allies and advisers say, and i think he would probably say, that is the most likely outcome, donald trump and hillary clinton as the nominees. what will you do? mitt: i would for very conservative on the ballot, and if there was not one i was comfortable with i would write in a name. said he might contribute to super pac efforts to block trump from getting the nomination. americans are joining the labor force in droves. by 242,000 workers in february, exceeding most forecasts. the workforce is going at the fastest pace in more than a decade. the share of the population with a job as the highest since 2009
and the 4.9 percent unemployment rate matched and eight-year low. president obama discussed the numbers and election-year politics. president obama: i don't expect thisthese pacs and evidence will convince some of the politicians out there to change their doomsday rhetoric, talking about how terrible america is, but the american people should be proud of what they have achieved, because this speaks to their resilience, innovation, creativity, risk-taking, and grit. mark: the jobs will be watched closely by the federal reserve. astronaut scott kelly has been back on earth for a few days. space,pent 340 days in the longest single spaceflight by an american. he met with reporters to discuss his mission and a potential trip to mars. scott: i think we know enough
and we are close enough that if we made the choice, we are going to do this, we are going to set a goal, a time, i think we can do it. mark: kelly says his muscles and joints ache, his skin is so -- thate that he cannot it burns when he walks, and he cannot sing a basketball shot. tony dyson, the man who built r2-d2, has died in multiple. the droid became one of the world's favorite robots. day i's power 24 hours a am. mark crumpton. more bloomberg west is next. ♪ emily: funds from fidelity to lack mark -- black mark have
been marking down portfolios. trend? driving can accelerate? joining us to discuss is matthew wong and mark million. mark, i will start with you. give us the lay of the land. what we have seen so far from these mutual funds. mark: the mutual funds are required to every six months reevaluate the price of their holdings and disclose that information publicly. within the past couple of years, we have the a lot of these mutual bonds make investments into what we call unicorns, these giant tech startups that are valued over one oh yeah dollars. they had -- $1 billion. they have to figure out what these things are actually worth, because you don't really have a price that fluctuates because they are, the shares are not traded regularly.
they use a number of different factors, like if it is drop ox, what is box doing? that is the company closest to dropbox's business. emily: what funds have been most active here, and what trends are you seeing? matthew: there are a few funds we have seen more at it. -- more active than the rest, blackrock, management. one trend we did see happen at q4 end of four was a -- of was a slow down. the other thing we are seeing is some of the funds still fairly active in 2016, tex investments in 2016, oscar, snapchat among them. we are seeing a decline in you invest -- new investments by these all fun -- by these mutual funds. emily: last week we saw a sort
of push for mutual funds in private tech companies. mark: that is right. a number of investors piled into facebook. it was the most visible example of a super-hot company that everyone wanted access to and it delayed a long time going public. now that has become the norm. every giant tech startup is doing that. everyone is waiting for uber and these different companies to go public, and now uber is is valued at $62.5 billion, more than facebook ever was as a private company. it is insane how long these companies are staying private. emily: if these mutual funds fullback, is that bad news for some of these companies that are trying to raise money at later stages? does it seriously impact their ability to raise? matthew: one thing to keep in mind is mutual funds are one piece of this big public -- private market puzzle.
there are lots of investors that have flooded into the private markets, mutual funds one of them. corporate venture has been active. we have seen asian money, a couple of names like alibaba and 10 sent invested in these money. one thing that is interesting is the hedge funds have not been active in investing the u.s.. they have pulled back in terms of investing. cent, they have invested 25 times more than they have acquired. the mutual funds are one piece of the puzzle. if they pull back, there are other options. with the markdown, you are starting to see startups think about where that capital is going to come from if they need there areain, and different players at stake, but a lot of different issues at hand as well. emily: mutual funds have less
information than is about these companies, right? mark: not necessarily. emily: not necessarily? mark: they often times have preferred stock, so they get access to the books. emily: but they don't have a seat on the board. mark: they don't really have access into the room when the big decisions are being made on a quarterly base. companies trade in the public market, and many of these companies are so close to being public companies. they operate in many ways like public companies. -- ifty's and blackrock over were publicly listed today, here is what might be happening with the stock. looper has not been march down. emily: would you say the mutual funds are having a disproportionate impact? think -- when
startups started raising from the mutual funds, i think 2014 was the year we start to see a when investment got involved and that is when we saw the spike. the big advantage was they could raise this growth capital from these investors without having to be as transparent or have fluctuating stock price or valuation. that has turned out not to be the case. i think it has put an added emphasis on terms we are seeing a lot more, like unit economics and profitability. that will be good in the long term. because the markets have not been as kind to the tech markets , will start to see maybe some consolidation in some of these overcrowded areas where the mutual fund money that has come in is part of a larger boom of investments. that is worth looking out for. emily: matthew wong, analyst with cb inside, and are very
own mark million. he will keep watching. it has been called the amazon of africa. the africa internet group officially africa's first unicorn. the e-commerce company has $327 million funding round, volume the company at 1.1 billion. the french insurer axa our investors. samsung has been edged out. the dutch technology company has patent -- filed the most applications. 2402 patents came in ahead of samsung. samsung has been the leader last three years. we will see if the company can take it back in 2016. the premiere of season four of studio 1.0. we are things off with jeff
jpmorgan called the settlement a modest in, but a potential sign of continuing issues with tec cash balance. this is a software company that secures electronic dog in a -- electronic documents. has a boost of confidence among investors for the ceo's plan to diversify away for low markets and cards and and -- the market sim cards other markets. google leveraging technical expertise to help curb the spread of zika. programsource mapping that shows potential outbreaks drawing on data from various sources, including weather and travel patterns. google announced a one point $1 million grant for unicef to be used for a vaccine development.
joining me is the head of the philanthropic arm of the company. it is fascinating how google can help. why are you taking this on? >> when the who declared this a global public health emergency in federer, it was clear this would be an epidemic that we need to take her seriously. case, we thinke the best response is one that combines the best of corporate america, the best that governments can bring, researchers, scientists. these are global emergencies. emily: talk to me a little bit about the technology. we want to give the technology to people on the front line and doing important work. we went to unicef and said, what
are you working on that we can also be helpful? on there trying to develop -- helpful on? they are trying to develop a data compiler, open source. think about whether, disease incidents. data sets byse themselves may not give you a clear picture, but if you bring them together and correlate them, that can bring a picture of, where is sica headed? where might it go next? is the epicenter of this and it looks like zika is linked to this horrible disease, micro and severally. how close are they to finding a cure, a vaccine? >> the challenge with zika is we do not have effective diagnostic.
it is hard to tell who has been infected. treatment is difficult. that is why we need money in that area, and that is partly what google is funny, but we are in the beginning of this epidemic. emily: you are working with you to raise awareness across latin america, "sesame street." jacquelline: we know we have a billion people that go to youtube. we went out to our creator community and asked them to help raise awareness in their channels. we got partners like "sesame street." emily: what is the message they are sending? mark: they are creating their own content jacquelline: they are creating their own contest. they have a relationship of trust and they can develop public health messages to give a sense of peace to people, help them understand, what is the cup? how is it trend -- what is seek a -- zika?
in ways that make the most sense for their audience. emily: on the other side of the world, you are announcing that google is giving chrome book to nonprofits to give to millions of refugees to give them access to education, asylum applications. jacquelline: with the refugee crisis in europe, similar thing. this is a situation where we think google could be uniquely helpful. we donated about 10 million euro. we did a global matching campaign when we went to the general public and said we need to all caps together and help. we matched donations one to one and raise over 10 million euros. we really heard from folks on the frontline that this set of refugees was unique in a sense that one third of them came with smartphones. emily: why not give them a prepaid android? jacquelline: we are looking at
all sorts of ways we can be held. i was just in germany last week at a refugee camp and actually went into the lab where the chrome books are being made available. there is a huge line waiting to use the connection to the with the asylum process, get in touch with family and friends, look for jobs, keep pursuing their education. many of them i can -- many of the migrants are educated. emily: thank you for telling me of the efforts you are making. it is great to hear. chinese influence in the u.s. movie industry is to grow. bemike cinemas is going to purchased. it would create the largest cinema chain. china's richest man owns the majority stake in anc. it does not change our scale
in china at all. u.s.s almost entirely a movie theater chain. theaters, two of which are outside the united states. 280 theaters are all within the united states. this is about reading a national footprint here in the united states. because we will be so big, we will not only be the largest movie theater chain in the u.s., we will be the largest movie theater chain in the will. emily: a sneak peek with my conversation with jeff winner. turn in sunday the full interview on "studio 1.0." ♪
this is the first interview yesterday since the market cap was slashed in half. weiner announced he is giving away his entire $14 mil lion stock bonus to his employees. jeff: we weren't expecting that kind of response. when you look at the core elements of our business, they remain healthy. if you look at north american fuel sales for our product, store sales have remained consistent. the core of marketing solution business lines is still be fastest-growing business we have on scale, and post the launch of our reimagined flagship app, we have seen an acceleration in engagement. the core elements remain healthy. emily: analysts went so far to say we are sorry, we were wrong.
his or something investors were not understanding? jeff: i think it is expectation. companies that experience hypergrowth for an extended period of time, there is an inclination to extrapolate that growth over time. in history of every hypergrowth company there comes an inflection point where the expectations of analysts start to outstrip the fundamentals of the business. the question is not whether or not it will happen coming it is how companies execute through it. emily: analysts say there are various pieces about what linked in is. you are a slower growth company, more like a software as service company. what is right? jeff: it is all relative. growing at 30%, growing in the mid-20's, that is pretty healthy growth by virtually any measure. emily: you gave a rousing speech to employees at all hands meeting and said linkedin the
same company, you are the same team, i am the same ceo. how does jeff weiner, the person, feel about it? doesn't sting a little? jeff: i would not say it stings. there was some surprise. you want to make sure you are there for the people who matter most. are we able to create value for our members and customers? nothing has changed in that regard. you want to make sure employees are ok, especially those who have not experienced something like that before. there are a number of us on leadership team that have worked at companies that went through similar periods. some of the most valuable companies in the world have gone through similar corrections and they never lose sight of the long-term mission or long-term vision. it is about continuing to execute. emily: "techcrunch" posted an article. linkedin is now a best a business card holder, at worst,
a delivery service for spam. how do you respond? jeff: i think everyone has their opinions and it will notde-focus us in any way. the company is the exact same company it was. our core product offering has never been stronger. i think we have the best roadmap that i have had in my seven years at the company. it is about creating value for members. emily: do you think you can re- exhilarated wrote? jeff: that is the objective overtime. you want to address opportunities. emily: has this latest situation impacted morale? jeff: it brings people closer together. the more you go through these types of challenges, you meet these challenges head-on and are successful in recognizing nothing fundamental has changed her i think the stronger the team becomes, the stronger we
from our studios in new york city, this is "charlie rose." charlie: "whiskey tango foxtrot" is the new film starring tina fey. the 2011 memoir " the taliban shuffle." she upends her life when she volunteers to becoming a reporter in afghanistan. the "new yorker" calls it a blustery comic drama. here is the trailer for "whiskey tango foxtrot." >> are you ok? >> i h t