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tv   Around the World  CNN  August 21, 2013 9:00am-10:01am PDT

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stay tuned for for "around the world. as u.n. weapons inspectors evaluate syria, the opposition makes a stunning claim. it says the government attacked its on people with chemical weapons killing hundreds. a court in egypt orders the release of deposed president mubarak. he's not out of trouble by any means. plus. >> i just tell them come in an try to make the biggest impact you can have. if we keep building a service that people love and that more and more people use every day, which we seem to be doing pretty well, then we're going to be fine over time. >> the founder of facebook speaks to cnn. the full interview with his big announcement just a few minutes away. welcome to "around the world. i'm suzanne malveaux. >> i'm ivan watson.
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>> hundreds of people were killed in a chemical weapons attack by the syrian government. i want to warn you some of these images are very graphic and maybe be very disturbing, very difficult to see these pictures. >> they were posted online by opposition groups following what they say was a poison gas attack. many of the dead were women and children. a doctor at a field hospital said the victims died of asphyxiation. the syrian government is denies they launched a chemical weapons attack. arwa damon is in lebanon. the put of dead is at more than 1300. how credible are these claim offense a clem chemical weapons attack? >> reporter: it's difficult to determine any of the information or verify any of the information that's coming out of syria. numbers are staggering even by syria's standards as are the
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videos. we've seen videos emerging over the last three years but these clips after this attack are especially difficult to watch. you see clinic, the floors of clinics filled with bodies. amongst them many children. some of them listle lesless and of them gasping for air. i spoke to a doctor earlier, he said in this clinic you can't fall it a clinic, they ran out of a medicine within an hour. they could only wash people off and give them oxygen and many cases people died in their arms because they couldn't provide them with the care that they needed. one young activist who was acting as something of a first responders went to the scene and he began suffering symptoms. he said his vision blurred and he lost use of his limbs. it's horrific.
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>> it's hard to watch those pictures as we see them there. the timing of this, can you explain this for us. you have an inspectser team that's inside of syria at this time, they are looking for evidence of the use of chemical weapons. are they going to go to this area where all these people have been attacked? >> reporter: well, that's the big question whether or not they will be able to reach that area. it will be up to the syrian government to facilitate any requests to reach that area. it will require a level of negotiations with the rebel fighting force because this is an area that is largely under a rebel control. the timing of all of this as you're saying is really raising a lot of questions as to why this scale of an attack at this point in time. the u.n. team is there to investigate other alleged attacks or chemical weapons were allegedly used and none of those
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attacks are even close to the scale to causing the number of casualties that we're hearing reported today. the mission of the team was simply to determine whether or not in the past chemical weapons has been used. when it comes to what's happened overnight and early hours of morning, in this case at the very least, if the team can get on site, the evidence is there, the samples are there. they're not that contaminated, they could potentially have the opportunity to shed more light on what's happening but as is often the case with syria we just have to wait and see. >> all right. thank you. ivan, it's so disturbing to see that. one of the big tests is which side is this coming from. how do you definitively con delude. that's something the obama administration when they drew the red line, keep moving the red line, they need evidence of where this is coming from. >> everybody seems to agree that the syrian government, the
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rebels, the u.s. government and even russia which supports the syrian government agree some chemical weapons have been used. it's whose using them. this has been going on for more than two years, this conflict. there's $1.9 million syrians that fled the country. that's 10% of the population. more than 100,000 people dead. it's a catastrophe over there. we're following developments in egypt. a country in turmoil after a week of violence. an egyptian court ordinary ored the release of mubarak. >> he could be released tomorrow. he ruled egypt for three decades. he was forced from power during the 2011 revolution. he was kwinconvicted in the dea of protesters. he was granted a retrial after
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appealing. nick payton walsh is joining us from cairo. the court acquitted him but he still faces many more serious charges. mainly the murders of killings of those protesters. what would be the purpose of releasing him? >> reporter: that's whatnot clear at this point. is it the army looking after its own. let me unpack the con my indicated legal situation we've been trying to observe from the last few hours. he's been in jail for a long time awaiting trail. you can't be in jail on a charge for longer than two years without a conviction. that time has lapsed and that's why a court is saying he should be released. we've heard on state media, the general prosecutor saying he's not going to appeal. nothing stands in the way of him being back in freedom.
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he still has to face this most important charge, be retried again for violence against protesters during the 2011 revolution. will probably have to stay inside egypt awaiting that court appearance. >> the timing for this is astoun astoundsing. you've had a coup in the last month and perhaps up to a,0 thousand people killed and now perhaps the man who ruled the country for 30 years being released. what could that do to this already chaotic situation on the street. if he's released does that mean the counter revolution has been completed in egypt. it's deeply confusing why we're seeing this move now. it's so closely the friend of the people in power. if he has chosen to allow this process through some are saying
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already the group that pushed through the counter revolution, the rebel movement condemn thanksgiving but blaming the previous administration of morsi saying he didn't move fast enough to prosecute mubarak. there will be those out here furious at this man receiving his freedom again. you have to ask why is this happening. are the military trying to distract people of the brutality of the past week. are they looking after their own? or is it a broader calculation here. they want to keep him outside and want to get this process out of way. they still have a curfew and great mill trar itary on the st. >> astounding. i'm just blown away by the timing having covered egypt a lot. >> all those people, you were down on the ground. two and a half years ago they oust mubark. a month ago they ousted morsi.
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when it comes back will it be that kind of out cry. who will they side with? it's confusing. >> it's very confusing. if there's one thing everybody was united about two and a half years ago is they all wanted mubarak out. it's got to make you wonder what will happen to the politics on the ground if besee him wheeled out wearing those shades. >> thank you. the man responsible for the largest leak of classify information in army history is learning his fate. today a military judge sentenced former army intelligence bradley manning to 35 years in prison. he was convicted of stealing 750,000 pages of documents and videos and giving them to the website wikileaks. his rank will be reduce and he will forfeit all pay an benefits and get dishonorably discharged. he will get credit for the three and a half years he served.
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in oklahoma charge vs been filed against three teenagers pr killing an australian student. they are charged as adults. 17-year-old michael jones is accused of being an accessory to the crime. the police believe the 23-year-old victim was chosen at random. the victim christopher lane came to the u.s. to chase his dream of playing baseball. police say he was gunned down from behind while jogging in the town of duncan. tim fisher, australia's former deputy minister called for a boycott of the u.s. he expressed out rage. >> you're 15 times likely to be shot dead in the u.s. than in u central ya. they should think twice in the circumstances by these senseless killing. the shooting in the back of an
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out standing young austral yan in the usa has probably caused anger. >> still having a hard time wrapping my head around this crime. if you take it one step further and listen to what police are saying. they say the 17-year-old suspect told police he and his friends with bored and they decided to kill somebody. >> you just don't understand how something like that happens. very disturbing. here is more of what we're working on. it's race against time. japan tries to seal a dangerous leak at a nuclear plant. we'll have a live report from tokyo. the founder of facebook talks to cnn. he wants to open up the internet to the world. >> we use things like facebook to share news and catch up with our friends but there, they're going to use it to decide what kind of government they want. rid starts a fight,
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push the accident warning level to three which is classified as a serious indication. >> that's highest it's been since a tsunami triggered a massive meltdown in 2011. they are comparing the plant to a house of horrors. >> we have chad meyers here in atlanta. i want to start off with you paula. what's caused the officials to push up this warning level? what's changed? >> i think they underestimated the severity of this incident on monday. on monday an employee walked past one of the big water tanks and noticed there was high radio active water coming out of that tank and going into the ground. on tuesday they realized some 300 tons of this radio active water has escaped. on wednesday they said this was more serious than they had thought. just to give you some indication of how radioactive this water
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was, tepco if you stand close to the water you'll get a five year dose in just one hour. this is a highly technical operation to try to clean this up and at this point there's worries that other storage tanks could be leaking as well. it comes just a few weeks after they admitted that 300 tons of radio active water a day are being pumped into the pacific this doesn't put much hope and trust in tepco. this is just another mishap which is why the national regulation of the nuclear power is saying it is like a house of horrors. there's a mishap every step of the way. >> when you talk about warning level that jumps from a one to a
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three, what's going on? >> we go from one to seven. that's the highest number you can get. fukushima was a seven when miltmilt melted down. it went back down to a three. they have to pump water into these melted down tanks to get them and keep them cool. you have tons and tons of water. you have to store it somewhere. they have made these big storage tanks. think of them like those big oil storage tanks that you see around in the u.s. here is what it looked like. here it is right after the disaster. there was a lot of trees back out just off to the west of the units here. there's grass, trees. look at all of these tanks that have been stored here and all the tanks are full of water. full of radioactive water. the problem is now a few of those tanks are leaking into the ground and the ground water and maybe toward the pacific. let me break it down for you.
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when we get down to the one, two, three and four. it's important to realize that a level someone not much at all but you go from incidents to accidents. at three, where we are, they are recommending a ten times annual limit to workers, a little bit higher than that and a low probability of exposure. back to four there has to be a death. back the five a large release of material. to six a significant release and effects to the environment and a seven, where we were, a significant to major release with harmful effects to human, the environment and this could be a long term problem. that's where seven was. he still are had the seven. there are going to be long term problems. now they are thinking one is too low. let's get this to a three into how much reality of radiation is going into the water.
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>> they have no fate in the system when you think about it. a one to a seven back to a three. they're trying to hold their leaders accountable and it's very difficult. >> they could be pumping radioactive water into the pacific. you know the society is a huge consumer after seafood and the implications are pretty frightening there. just ahead, he revolutionized social media. now mark zuckerberg talks one-on-one about his world changing idea. >> a lot of people think lit be challenging to connect five billion people too. it is. i think it's one of the biggest problems of my generation to get everyone in the world to have internet access. grrrr ahhh let's leave the deals to hotels.com. oh my gosh this is so cool... awesome! perfect! save up to 30% plus an extra 12% off with coupon... now until labor day. only at hotels.com i don't always have time to eat like i should.
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mr. facebook focusing on his next big idea involving the entire world. >> you wouldn't expect anything less from this guy. he's worth $17 billion.
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i don't have an account. he created it in his dorm room at harvard. zuckerberg rarely speaks to the media but he spoke one-on-one. >> reporter: when you visit the facebook campus you get the sense that anything is possible. >> we want the campus to feel like a little city or village. >> reporter: now zuckerberg wants to make the entire world like the facebook campus by providing internet access to the entire world. the idea is called internet.org. its target, the five billion people around the globe without access to the net. >> we use things like facebook to share news and catch up with our friends but there, they're going to use it to decide what kind of government they want. get access to health care for the first time. connect with family hundreds of miles way. getting access to the internet is basic deal.
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i think we'll be able to do it. >> reporter: the word we is the keyword. zuckerberg has done something extraordinary. he's reached out to the biggest players in social media and mobile data, aka his competitors to work together. >> how did those calls go? >> varies. in general, these are companies that we have deep relationships with and have worked with on a lot of things for a long time. it came out of a lot of discussions we had. >> reporter: a team of the best in the business has come together before task of this size united five times the global presence face pook has already it's going to take lot more. . >> how do you do this? how developed is the plan? >> we have a rough plan. it will evolve over time and we'll get better ideas.
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if you look at trends, data is becoming more available to people. apps are getting more efficient to run. there are new business models to help more people get online. >> it's good for facebook and these other companies because mobile access to the internet is where your business lies. >> if we were focused on making money, the first billion people have way more money than the rest of the six billion combi s combined. it's not fair but it's the way it is. we just believe everyone deserves to be connected and on the internet. we're putting a lot of energy towards this. >> people see you as the comeback kid. forget about the kid part, but you took some lumps and you found way to come back. are you ware of that? do you feel that in yourself? like some people thought it wasn't going to happen and you had your run, but look at me now. do you get a sense of that? >> we've always just ffocused o
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building something great. i tell everyone try to make the biggest impact you can have. if we keep building a service that people love and more and more people use every day, which we seem to be doing pretty well at, then we're going to be fine over time. that's our focus in terms of building the company. >> hard to do when you hit the bumps in the road? it's a great message -- >> it's especially important when you hit the bumps. >> when not trying to connect the world to the internet, you have to run one of the biggest companies. when you want a distraction from that you've decided to take on the easy task of immigration policy in the united states. why you wading into those waters? >> when we were first talking about doing this a lot of people were worried it was going to be a problem for facebook. i just decided, i think this is too important of an issue for the country. there are 11 million undocumented people who came here to work hard and contribute
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to the country. i don't think it's quite as polarized as people always say. >> what would be your advice to the people in d.c. trying to balance these two opposed positions? one is immigration policy. the other is let's find way to get them out. if you had to enter that, this is your new team, you have to make these democrats and republicans come together. what advice do you think you'd have that's not going on down there now? >> i can't really tell anyone how to legislate. everyone understands the stuff way better than i do. my goal is to try to help support folks who care deeply about getting this done on both sides and hopefully we can make a difference. >> in terms of politics of it, you think it's important enough where you'll do it any way? >> i think if there are some things in life if you believe there's a big problem you stick your neck out and try to do it. a lot of people think it's going
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to be really challenging to connect five billion people too. it is, but i think it's one of the biggest problems of my generation to get everyone in the world to have internet access. similarly, 11 million undocumented people, that's a lot of people whose lives we can improve. >> good luck for everything. not even 30 yet. you're doing great. >> mark zuckerberg wants you to get on facebook. one of the many millions. >> i suspects so. i'm curious as a former white house reporter what do you think about mark zuckerberg trying to dip into beltway politics? >> it's a bold move. he's marrying the two together quite nicely. we'll see if he can do it. take a look at where people are connected to the internet. the world bank says only about
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35% of the world's population is online. in some countries barely anyone has access. it makes a huge difference. ahead, one journalist's blunt criticism of the british government. >> aside from being oppressive and dangerous it's incomptent and dumb. >> he talks to cnn about his partner's deposition. [ man ] look how beautiful it is.
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greenwald says it was an effort to intimidate. miranda said he was never asked about terrorism. they appeared together in an "ac 360" excexcollusive. they changed the agents and said if i do not cooperate, i was going to jail. they did not that for eight hours straight. >> their trying to intervene in the news gathering process and intimidate journalists out of reporting. >> tell us exactly what is greenwald asking for in the lawsuit. >> reporter: basically, we have to understand that miranda was detained for nine hours on schedule 7 of the terrorist act. because of this, greenwald's and
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miranda's lawyer sent this letter saying the use of the terrorism act was illegal and was in a misuse of that and want to know why it was used and what they were looking for when they confiscated his laptop, dvds and flash cards. they see this as an take on the press and asking for acknowledgement. they say they will take legal action here. >> we'll be following closely. just ahead, she's known as mexico's queen of pacific. we're talking about a female drug cartel leader. she's out of u.s. prison. that story up next.
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welcome back. a convicted drug trafficker known as the queen of the
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pacific is back in mexico. she was deport fed from the u.s after serving six years in prison for helping a mexican drug lord. she stands out in the male dominated drug trade. there's a book about her. there's even a ballad about her. ♪ she's quite the character. word is she even managed ed to a botox treatment while in prison. in spain, a judge investigating last month's train disaster has filed charges against the state run train safety. until now attention has been focused on the driver. the main cause is excessive speed. the train was traveling at 95 miles per hour when it derailed.
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look at those pictures. that's almost twice the speed limit on that curve where the accident happened. we're going to know next month when the late pope's john paul ii and john xxiii will become saints. john paul ii was the third longest serving pope in history and one of the most popular around the world. john xxiii is known for making dramatic changes to modernize the church. just ahead, for the first time the cia has released documents to show its role in a 1952 coup in iran. ips' fiber good gummies. they're fruity delicious! just two gummies have 4 grams of fiber! to help support regularity! i want some... [ woman ] hop on over! [ marge ] fiber the fun way, from phillips'. thto fight chronic. osteoarthritis pain. [ woman ] hop on over!
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with our base auto policy. and if you switch, you could save up to $423. liberty mutual insurance -- responsibility. what's your policy? it's been an open secret for decades but for the first time the cia has leased documents that show its role in the 1953 coup. that toppled irans democratly elected minister. the u.s. was concerned that would mean a victory for the soviets in the cold war. shortly after his election, the cia began to plan his overthrow teaming up with britains mi6. >> the cia spelling out its involvements.
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these are the documents marked confidential, top secret, eyes only. this one talks about the security implications of cia letters accommodation for those who served in that operation code name tpajax. this one dated almost a month before the coup talks about preparing an official american statement to follow a successful coup. let's dig deeper into this story. we're joined by robin wright. this is an event the iranians talk about 60 years later with surprising frequency. what have you learned from these documents? >> i've written about this episode in three different books. this is not something new but the fact is the united states is openly provided the documents in details. it talks about how this was approved at the highest levels
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of government. it details the amount of money went into currying favor. it points out how important this was. little did the cia understand this would have extraordinary repercussions 25 years later. >> one of the things fascinating is this is an open secret. we've heard from madeline albright and president own. the first time the cia has acknowledged its role in this. do you think there's going to be any kind of shift or a change or way that president, the new president of iran, can open up a new dialogue with the united states? >> the release of the documents was a result of a freedom of information inquiry. this is not something the united states voluntarily provided. it does come at an interesting time because iran has a new president that's talked about moderation and trying to engage
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in serious dialogue with the outside world and hinted at direct talks with the united states. it's very interesting how this release of documents is playing in tehran. the fact the united states has acknowledged it and put it out there on the table may help both sides get beyond it. the united states has formally apologized for it in the past. now the details are known and fessing up may change the atmosphere. >> this case, perhaps explains to some americans, why in the middle east in countries like iran some of the public opinion is so mix and negative when it comes to the u.s. we're still feeling the aftereffects of that coup to this very day, right? >> absolutely. it did lead the abortion of the evolutionary political process led to a revolutionary process
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25 years later for which the united states is still trying to recoup. iran had been one of the two pillars of foreign policy in the middle east. this was a tremendous loss. it has very valid strategic consequences. this is a moment that turned everything, two very close allies against each other. this is a moment that these documents kind of illustration the consequences of opting for stability over democratic values which resonates in terms of what's happening in egypt, syria and elsewhere today. >> thank you so much. really appreciate that. also just ahead, is this the oldest living person? fascinating story. his family say, sure, yeah. others not so sure.
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welcome back. this story may be interesting for those of us who complain about getting older in our 30s, 40, 50s. there's man who claims to be the oldest man alive.
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he says he's 115 years old. >> some are doubting he's that old. >> reporter: is this bolivian man the oldest person alive? he lives in the arid ahigh lands at an altitude of more than 12,000 feet. his voice is still commanding. >> translator: i was born here in the highlands. i was rather calm. i arrived a as a young man and worked as a herder and farmer. his family claims he's 123 years old. a birth certificate an national identity card show his birth date as july 16, 1890. neither document is an original. >> i was very skeptical. >> reporter: stephen is the director of the research group. an organization that track, monitors and verifies claims of
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longevity. the fact he's a man makes there case suspicious. >> 90% of the cases we deal with are women. the oldest man in history was only 116. how could it be that man jumps to the top of the list and becomes the oldest person in history. >> reporter: the group says the oldest living person they have verified is in japan. she's 115 years old. the oldest living man lives in the u.s. and is 112. his researchers found a catholic baptism scertificate that says e might be 107 an not 123. back in 1890 the government didn't record live births so it was up to the catholic churnl to do so. in any case, no one seems to dispute that the bolivian man has lived well over a citizen.
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he eats locally grown barley and drinks water from a nearby glacier and chews on coca leaves under the care of his son who is 65 years old. >> translator: when he took care of me when i was little. now it's my turn to make sure he's taken care of. >> reporter: no one doubts he's 123 years old. there seems to be no doubt either when it comes to bolivian officials. the government plans to honor him by declaring him a living heritage of the bolivian people. >> it's a pretty remarkable story. what can you tell us about the lifestyle of this guy? did he spoke, did he drink alcohol? >> he never spomoked. he had a quiet life. he eats locally grown foods and
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drinks water from the nearby glacier. something else he said that caught my attention. he said he had a very happy marriage and he never cheated on his wife. >> there you go. >> i don't know if that's the secret. >> does he have any advice. does he have anything to tell us how to live that life? >> not necessarily advice. what he said is he lived the life that was always very much following a routine. he never did anything in excess. he never got into much trouble. it was just a very normal simple routine for all those years an regardless whether you believe he's 123 or not, 107 is still pretty old. it seems like whatever he did worked. the expert we spoke with says that it doesn't really matter
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where you're from, what you eat, what kind of exercise you routine you follow but it's in your genes. the oldest woman lived to be 122 years old. the current oldest person alive is 116. the oldest person in the united states is 112. we have centenarians from all over the world. there's no common denominator. they had relatives who lived a long age. >> is it a big difference between like one part of the world to another in terms of how old people? >> there's one city in japan that has the largest number of centenarians per capita. they used to have a good diet of fish and potatoes. now their diet has changed dramatically, fast food. when you look at life expectancy
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around the world, monaco has the highest. here we're number 51. back in 1900 we used to live only 49 years. now we're up to 78. >> love that guy's blue hat. it's incredible he can still move around. >> didn't cheat on his wife. i like that. keep to longevity. tell put it out there. >> that's the secret right there. >> thank you. appreciate it. just ahead, dubai government issuing an unusual weight loss offer. lose weight, get gold. up next. [ male announcer ] eligible for medicare?
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most of us download our music here in the united states but thot not? japan. >> japanese music lovers are sticking with compact discs and cds. artists issue limited edition cds and add packages for art work. >> the japanese buy more cds than consumers in any other country. cd sales rose last year while the number of digital downloads fell. the major factor is the fall japan consumers place on having a material item.
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>> one time a ford retailer told me that japanese people don't mind the prices but care ant what comes with the cds. in the package music culture cds come with back lets and photo albums. >> i like that. i still have albums. i have a turntable. casettes making a comeback. september has an international cassette day. >> i don't think i have a tape deck. i did hear that you have a jackson 5 record. >> i do. i might play it sometime. persian gulf nations are becoming inventive when helping
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people lose weight. a gram of gold was offered for people that loss over course or is a. >> people are encouraged to go shopping or walk the mall. shopping centers open early and close late. that's it for me. thanks for watching "around the world." >> i'll see you tomorrow. "cnn newsroom" starts now. police say he kidnapped a 16-year-old and killed her mom and brother. the family of the alleged murder wants to know if he was the father of the victims. an 18th woman has come forward accusing san diego's mayor of sexual harassment. hear in this businesswoman's own words

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