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tv   Fareed Zakaria GPS  CNN  February 23, 2014 7:00am-8:01am PST

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cars and two grenade launchers were found there at the scene. i'm victor blackwell. those are the headlines. fareed zakaria "gps" is up next. this is "gps" the global public square. welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world. i'm fareed zakaria. we will start today with the extraordinary turn of events in ukraine. i will talk live with one of the men who brokered the peace deal, polish foreign minister roddick sa core ski and terrific panel, nicolas ukraine, david remnick and robin wright we will talk about ukraine, venezuela, sochi and the iran talks. and are manufacturing and trade skills more valuable than an art
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history degree? that's what president obama said. i will ask a best-selling author with an art history degree. the new yorker's adam gothnick. from dining at midnight to seest ta's at midday, why spain may want to turn back the clock about 70 years. i'll explain. but first, here's my take. 2013 seemed in many ways to be the year of vladimir putin. the russian president had consolidated power in his country, crushed any possible opposition, kept his ally in syria from being toppled and brokered a deal to remove syria's chemical weapons. 2014 was also going pretty well for putin. the sochi olympics was not the disaster many had suggested and above all, putin had maintained russia's historic relationship with ukraine. outmaneuvering the european union which made ukraine a conditional offer that ukraine's
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president turned down in return for cold russian cash. that's what it had looked like until just a few days ago. but now, on the central issue of ukraine, russia does not look so triumphant. ukraine's president yanukovych, now its former president, overplayed his hand. putin assumed force would solve the problem and disperse the protests. western observers were despairing and assigning blame for all that happened from washington to the european union. and then things started to change. president yanukovych and the opposition made a deal, brokered by the europeans, calling for a coalition government, national elections, and a new constitution. but even that was not enough for the protesters who have managed to achieve change much faster, ousting the president and beginning the process of transformation right away. in this long and complex situation, it is the people on the street who have shown
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determination, courage and persistence. now what has to be cautious, everything we know about these kinds of revolutions is that this is the thrilling moment which is often followed by turmoil, tension, violence, and chaos. this is going to be particularly true in ukraine which is riddled with corruption and in many ways is on the brink of economic collapse. the opposition will have to act with wisdom and include those whom it despises including the supporters of yanukovych. russia will not allow ukraine to slip from its grasp. russian pipelines chris cross the country, carrying natural gas to europe. russia will demand a say in what happens there as it has for 300 years. that's why the ukrainian opposition needs to approach things with caution and a sense
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of national unity. russia will have to be careful as the last few weeks have shown it has created a deep sense of opposition among tens of millions of people in ukraine, and their hostility to russian domination might well grow. for now let's marvel at the spirit of the ukrainian people, let's keep our fingers crossed for their future, and let's note that 2014 is not looking quite as good for vladimir putin as it did a week ago. let's get started. now let's go to cnn's fred plitgen in the russian dominated part of ukraine where former president viktor yanukovych is believed to be after fleeing the capital in kiev. fred?
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is yanukovych there and what is the mood where you are? >> hi, fareed. that's a good question. no one at this point knows where viktor yanukovych is. there were some ru nomors he ca here after leaving kiev and then others who said he tried to get on a flight from donetsks. they said his flatt was not allowed to take off because it didn't have the proper documentation. at this point in time it's unclear where yanukovych is. there are rumors flying around as to his whereabouts but the current government, the new government in place right now, says they have absolutely no idea where he is, fareed. >> what is the mood there? what is the narrative of events? what is the atmosphere? what is the crowd saying over there about what has happened in kiev? >> that's a very interesting question because it's so different than it is in kiev. what you have here is a real
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divide. you have many people of russian heritage here but you also have a lot of pro-europeans, especially younger people. right behind me you have a demonstration that's pro-russian. the russians are fearful. they were surprised by how quick all the events went and now they really fear their culture here in this country is under threat, that their language might be under threat. they fear their culture is under threat. they fear the russians in this country might be marginalized. you can see that on the street. they're demonstrating for a statute of lennen the pro-european movement wants to tear down. they say that's not going to heap. they've erected a fence around it and say they're going to stay there as long as it takes. it is a charged up mood here in east of ukraine, very, very different than the scenes of jubilation you see in kiev, fareed. >> thanks so much, fred. let us go to phil black in the capital of kiev. it has been a wild turn of
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events since the peace deal on friday. phil, is tymoshenko, the jailed opposition leader who has been released, is she now in charge or who is in charge and is everyone listening to the new government? >> well, fareed, i think at the moment it is the opposition together acting as one maintaining unity that are directing events in parliament. so in that sense that's a positive step. yulia tymoshenko when she was on stage here last night, returning to independence square, speaking to the crowd when i spoke to her afterwards, briefly, she certainly sounded like someone who wants to maintain or play a very dominant role in the future politics of this country. today, however, she has released a statement saying she's not interested in being the prime minister. the prime minister under the new constitutional arrangement will be quite a powerful role. but her daughter told me that she's someone who wants to play
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a role in uniting the country which i think very strongly implies she's got her eye on the presidency. she's got to face competition for that from within her own party while she's been in prison and the former heavy wealt vitaliy zbignievita vitaly zakharchenko. the opposition here will be maintaining unity and not tear down this country in the past. >> thank you, phil. we are now going to go to roddick, the foreign minister of poland, one of the three foreign ministers on friday brokered a peace deal between the government of ukraine and opposition forces. it is not entirely clear what happens to that deal since events have overtaken it. as the deal was wrapped up, television cameras picked up an exchange between he and the
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leaders of the ukrainen opposition. in it he said, if you don't support this deal you will have marshal law, you will have the army and be dead. joining us from milan is roddick. did you -- were you surprised by the turn of events? clearly your great fear when you were talking to those ukrainian opposition leaders was that yanukovych was going to bring out the army and start firing on the troops and lie down? >> hello, fareed. yes, that was a tense moment and i think the opposition hadn't supported the deal, yanukovych's hand would have been strengthened and maybe his security operations would not have disintegrated. and then what happened was something really strange. within minutes of us signing the agreement, the protection, the security forces, started leaving the vicinity of the presidential
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palace which they didn't need to do, and the decompression of the regime started very quickly. >> you've seen this up close in poland. you've seen in other places. what do you think is happening? do you think that this is now a complete collapse of yanukovych and his regime? will they fight back? or do you think the opposition is now firmly in control? >> well, we have a legitimate source of authority in kiev which is the democratically elected parliament and a democratly constitutionally elected speaker of parliament who is acting president, and that, i think, is the source of authority that needs to be uniting the country. they need to be inclusive, they need to represent the kind of spirit of compromise that the agreement envisioned, and they
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have to respect the regional and ethnic variety of ukraine. i think the friday agreement has been superseded by events apart from anything else, president yanukovych was supposed to sign literally by now the change of constitution and we have no news of him having done that, so you might say that the agreement is not being affected because events have gone ahead. but the spirit of it, the compromise, the inclusively, the respect for diversity, i hope lives on and i hope ukraine creates the kind of government which starts implementing difficult, necessary reforms that will prevent bankruptcy and hopefully put ukraine back on the european track. because remember, fareed, your
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introduction was excellent but it didn't mention one thing, namely how it all started. it all started with president yanukovych refusing to sign the association agreement with europe and the protests that -- against that decision. >> one thing i noticed was that there was a russian envoy at your negotiations but he did not sign the agreement. then russian officials, including the foreign minister, have said things that have not been complimentary to say the least about the turn of events recently, even characterizing it as a coup. do you think russia will accept what is happening in ukraine right now? >> ambassador lukin played a constructive role in the negotiation and initialled the agreement we reached at the door. he was then under instructions from moscow not to sign it. but within 24 hours, when
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president yanukovych's authority started unraveling, the russians actually then began to like the agreement and wanted it respected. i think just like president yanukovych, they also overplayed their hand. but the new ukrainian government needs to be in touch, need s s have a conversation with russian, which is an important neighbor, just like poland, because apart from anything else ukraine needs the lower gas price and doesn't want russia to play the separatist card. >> i think it was in george bush's memoirs, i might be incorrect, but in george w. bush's memoirs, i think he recounts a conversation where putin said to him, you know, george, ukraine is not a real country, it is a province of russia, may have this slightly wrong but that is the general attitude that people assumed, that many in russia, including the -- those at the top, feel
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about ukraine. do you think russia would ever allow ukraine to be a fully independent country with an association with the european union? >> ukraine is a fully independent country and her sovereignty and her borders are actually guaranteed by the declaration of the united states, united kingdom and russia. remember, ukraine gave up voluntarily its nuclear weapons and in return she received those guarantees and i think we should hold russia to those guarantees. and eastern ukraine, these are large areas. ukraine is a country of over 40 million people. this is no georgia. and playing with separatism would be a very dangerous game. >> at the end of the day, do you think the ukrainian opposition
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will hold? one of your concerns clearly was to get them to compromise. you've been in the room with these people. do they have the ability to stay together? >> ukraine missed her chances before, after the revolution, for example, and some of the players are the same. and by the way, my sense is that the madan wants a new class of people. clean people. part of this movement was against clip tocracy. but there are people in -- that i've talked to who are capable, who know what needs to be done and who would have the confidence both of the west and ability to talk to russia. >> thank you very much. >> lots more ahead. a great panel to talk about the situation in ukraine and outside. are you still sleeping?
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now i want to bring in a great panel of experts david remnick editor of "the new yorker" reported from russia plane years and was in sochi. nicolas kristof and robin wright "author of "rock the kabash: rage and rebellion across the islamic world." welcome, all. david, i've got to start with you since you are back from russia, what do you think is going on here? is this a game putin is playing or is it fair to say that even the liberal russian friends i have, all sort of think ukraine is part of russia? >> in russia's eyes ukraine geostrategically, ethnically,
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historical historically, is one in the same. not one in the same, but linked in by blood. if you look through putin's eyes specifically, this is his area of interest. not the united states, and even not to europe. this is really complicated for us. >> he's not going to let it go quietly. >> absolutely not. >> do you think after sochi, it frees him up, that he's been constrained? >> well, i think frees him up makes it sound nice. what might well happen after sochi is some of the slight liberalizing gestures right before sochi letting free pussy riot and the magnate in jail for a decade and other gestures those are going to be off the boards and i think putin is in a very tough, assertive mode and it has nothing to do with snowboarding. it has to do with his geostrategic regional interest, it has to do with differentiating himself from the west, morally as well as
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politically, and i think he's a very, very tough figure to deal with now. >> nick, your family actually, again, comes from ukraine. your father grew up in ukraine. do you think that, again, are we overplaying this ethnic difference. some people say to me and ann applebalm wrote in "the washington post" this is all fashion thinking, the implication there's a new generation of ukrainians and they all want to be free of russian domination. >> i think that divide goes very, very deep. you know, it's regional, it's linguistic and religious and in the west everybody knows people who have gone to poland, prospered there, and then you see at home the country is stagnating. it's not just resentment at the political repression. it's also resention at the village in southwestern ukraine. the roads are worse now than when my dad lived there in the
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1940s. and the resentment of corruption. all that is much more felt in the west than in the east. >> robin wright, i'm going to ask you to start us off when we come back. we have to take a break right now. lots more ahead. you get sick, t breathe through your nose... suddenly you're a mouthbreather. well, put on a breathe right strip and instantly open your nose up to 38% more than cold medicines alone. so you can breathe and sleep. shut your mouth and sleep right. breathe right. like carpools... polly wants to know if we can pick her up. yeah, we can make room. yeah. [ male announcer ] space. yes, we're loving this communal seating. oh, it's great. yeah. [ male announcer ] the best thing to share? a data plan. ♪ new at&t mobile share value plans for business. our best value plans ever. for example, you can get 10 gigs of data to share. and 5 lines would be $175 a month. plus you can add a line anytime for $15 a month. sharing's never been better for business. ♪
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there are lots of other stories to talk about this week. unrest in venezuela, nuclear talks with iran, the sochi games, of course. we have a great package. david remnick is the editor of "the new yorker," nicolas kristof reporter and columnist for "the new york times" and robin wright, author of "rock the kabash: rage and rebellion across the islamic world." welcome. robin, i want to start with you. when you watch what's happening in ukraine, this all feels good and it feels tell genic, happening in real time, but the experience at least the arab world has been, it's very easy to get rid of a bad government. it's very hard to put in place a good government. >> this is when the hard part begins. you have to get all these diverse forces together and come up with constitutional reforms and then address the very economic, social and political
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issues that drove people to go out -- to turn out in independence square. we've learned through kind of the last 60, 70 years in the dramatic transitions throughout the world, is as sam huntington, your former colleague at harvard wrote, it takes at least three waves. we've seen this in ukraine already. in 1990/ '91 the anti-soviet protest, 2004/2005 the orange revolution and today a decade later you see the uprising at independence square. it takes time as we look at what's happened elsewhere in the world in south africa, black today are worse off than they were under apartheid. the reality is the end of the soviet union you still have a generation later of former communist and kgb chief in power. change takes hellishly long. >> when i look at what's happened in venezuela, student uprising leading to anti-government protests and part of what's going on, chavez for all his flaws was popular,
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charismatic. this guy isn't and has to use brute force. >> chavez used violent rhetoric but he didn't for the most part actually use violence on people. he was a magnetic person. he had charisma. maduro does not. that leads him to be more repressive and creates potentially a more dangerous situation in venezuela. >> nick, you've been for a more assertive pro-democracy stand, i suppose one would call it, in a place like syria. do you think the obama administration should be more engaged actively in venezuela, in ukraine? >> you know, i think we don't have a lot of leverage in either place. in -- i think we can marginally raise the cost of massacres in ukraine, but only marginally. i think we do have influence on the opposition. in the orange revolution i remember everybody hearing i was an american wanting know sign their orange ribbons. all that is pretty modest. i think for the most part we're going to be bystanders in both
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places. >> david, a lot of people focus on this and think about putin and think about obama versus putin. and certainly there does seem to be the kind of -- there is a feeling that there is something new about the way in which putin is, you know, whether on syria, whether on these issues, whether on, you know, gay right, there's something going on in a kind of an assertion of russia, of putin, of his authority. you're just back from there. you have this big piece in the new york new yorker. >> putin came to office when there were hundreds of thousands of people on the streets asserting not just gay rights but democratic impulses and all the rest. not necessarily the majority of the country but an extremely successful series of demonstrations and putin came into office and his first order of priority was to crush it. to crush it. he will not count against that because he sees what happens in
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tahrir square, in the orange revolution. he sees what happens in large squares all over the world and he will not allow that to happen in russia. he has what bridges on a paranoia about it and thinks the united states is trying to ferment it in russia or ukraine. so when the victoria nuland phone call, so well publicized in russia, fed into this fervor and putin was eager to publicize it, putin is trying to establish and re-establish russia as a source of power and greatness again after a generation of demoralization. >> and probably is popular in that sense. >> in some ways yes. and it's not just geopolitical. it's moral and ideological. you're starting to see the creation of a kind of putin-like conservatism that by the way was endorsed on line by one pat buchanan. that's what the anti-gay propaganda law is about, all the speech is about, the kind of --
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the west good and evil are the same and the reevaluation of history, that's what that has to do. it's a wholistic look at the position of russia and the world and putin wants to be the peter the great of it. instead of looking west, it's looking inward. >> it was a conservative nationalism the new glue to hold the country together. >> he hopes so and hopes it counteracts any uprising in the op po sit direction. >> talks are under way. you were in iran, you're going back there. the big question everyone has, is the supreme leader and the conservative forces in tehran behind the kind of painful concessions that it would take to get a deal here on the iranian side? >> i think the iranian calculations on the nuclear deal involve a lot more. they've gone through a strategic recalculation that a decade ago when the united states moved into the region and eliminated its two big rivals, the taliban and afghanistan and saddam hussein in iraq/iran looked like
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it had the muscle in the region. today ironically iran feels vulnerable because it's seeing the rise of al qaeda, the sunni salafis, the potential comeback of the taliban and it shares many common interests with the united states. it's also at a point that it has enough technologically in terms of a weapon that it feels confident in brokering. it's just a matter of saying, whether they have the incentive to develop a weapon, if they wanted to turn around and make it they could. the question is can they be stopped from wanting to do it? i think they actually feel that they are at that turning point. i often say that iranians want to get back into their traditional place in the world. if you want to understand persia nationalism think of your most chauvinistic texan and add 5,000 years and you begin to see it's not just the kind of regional
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player they want to be, they want to be back on the world stage, the great place it was before. all of this comes together and i think is one of the reasons we're likely to see them really try get a nuclear deal and even try to do it in the six months allocated. >> very optimistic. thank you for joining us. robin wright, nicolas kristof, david remnick. lots more including the story of one european nation that wants to turn its clocks back all to save the economy. i will explain. peace of mind is important when you're running a successful business. so we provide it services you can rely on. with centurylink as your trusted it partner, you'll experience reliable uptime for the network and services you depend on. multi-layered security solutions keep your information safe, and secure. and responsive dedicated support meets your needs, and eases your mind.
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introducing cardioviva: the first probiotic to help maintain healthy cholesterol levels without a prescription. cardioviva. now for our what in the world segment. >> here's your host, jimmy fallon! >> this week jimmy fallon took over as host of "the tonight show." more than 11 million americans tuned in at midnight to watch his debut, about 3.5% of the population. >> thank you. pl please have a seat. thank you, everybody. >> americans love their late night tv. but there's one country that loves it even more, spain. an estimated 25% of spaniards are up watching tv at midnight
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according to jim yeardley in a piece in "the new york times" this week. not just tv. staying up late is part of the culture. restaurants rarely serve dinner until well after 10:00 p.m. according to one survey spaniards sleep on average 53 minutes less than other europeans. during the day spaniards are known for taking long lunches and breaks and, of course, siestas. well, a number of spanish economists are saying this needs to stop. by some accounts spain loses 8% of its gdp to reduced productivity. so what can be done? one suggestion is, that spain turn its clocks back. on greenwich time you have countries like the u.k., of course, but also portugal and ireland. spain falls in pretty much the same longitudal range but spain is an hour ahead of england
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along with france, germany, poland and other european countries. it wasn't always so. before world war ii, spain kept the same time as britain. but during the war, when hitler sought to gain spain's support the spanish dictator franco moved to align his country's clocks with those of germany's. seven decades later that remains the case, despite spain's geographic location. economists say that turning the clocks back would make spaniards more productive and boost the economy. it's an interesting thesis and i don't know if it would work. the good news is that spaniards are thinking hard about improving their economy. we tend to think of spain as a european basket case. unemployment is at 26%. youth unemployment is double that. every second person between the age of 18 and 25 is out of a job. spain has been in a recession for several years. the eurozone has had to bail it
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out so that it could avoid default. beyond those headlines there is now some good news. after years of recession, gdp has finally begun to grow by 0.3% in the last quarter. economists predict double that rate in 2014. exports grew nearly 6% last year and will grow by that amount once again this year. spain's main stock market is up by a third since june. foreign investors are back, even bill gates bought a $150 million stake in a spanish construction firm. what's changed? well, spain has been willing to take its medicine and put in place some tough economic reforms. both the public and private sectors have become leaner and more efficient. in the face of stiff opposition, madrid has raised the retirement age, it's tweaked the rules to make jobs more flexible. companies can hire and fire more easily. spain's relative labor costs have declined steadily even as
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those of germany, france and italy have risen. all of these measures have made spain more competitive, boosting exports. growth is bringing in tax revenues and stabilizing the country's finances. but madrid can and should do more. spain's revenue from taxes as a fraction of total gdp remains among the lowest in all of europe. and the greatest challenge remains unemployment. especially youth unemployment. if spain can't create jobs, an entire generation of spaniards will be lost. european countries have accepted painful austerity measures, but what they really needed what structural reforms. i don't know if turning the clocks back will make much of a dent, but if it sparks a conversation about productivity in general, it is high time. up next, a different economic question. what is more important? technical skills or knowledge of art history? we have an answer. [ female announcer ] you know the little song he'll hum as he gets dressed...
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president obama made amends this week not with the republican caucus but with an art history professor in texas.
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what was the issue? take a listen to what president said at a speech at a ge plant last month. >> folks, you can make a lot more potentially with skilled manufacturing or the trades than they might with an art history degree. >> those words upset ann so much she wrote an e-mail to the president. she was shocked when she got a handwritten apology back. but did the president's off the cuff remarks have a point? should we be pushing kids toward the trade skills he mentioned? what is the value of art history? let's ask an art history major who has managed to make a decent living. adam gopnik has been writing for "the new yorker" for almost 20 years and written a slew of wonderful books including my favorite " paris to the moon" and my kids' favorite "the steps across the water." a wonderful children's book. adam, what was your reaction as an art history major when you first heard what the president said? >> you have to say, if the
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apology tour has come to art historians it's at the absolute last stop. he apologized to muslim, russians and finally to art history majors. here's what i thought. i thought it spoke well for the presidentp. he has a lovely self-consciousness. he knows when to apologize. but i thought this, what he was saying was alarming a little bit because what it implied is that there's a kind of consensus that the arts, art, history, english, whatever it might be are secondary to our lives and i've been trying to think of ways in which you can counter that. it seems to me the wrong way to try to counter that is to say, oh, well, art history majors end up working for google anyway, software entrepreneurs in any case. that sometimes is true. that's true more often than not. steve jobs cared much more about the courses he took in calligraphy and graphic arts
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because that was the basis he made apple the company it became. >> that is what distinguishes you. some creative sensibility. >> apple is primarily an enterprise in the arts and design before anything else. that's true. i also think it's true we don't have to apologize for the humanities and the arts in that way the truth is, fareed, in every civilization that we know of, that interests us at all, there's an ongoing conversation about books and pictures. when i went out to the google campus a few years ago those guys didn't want to talk about google translate. they wanted to talk about an alice monroe story or "breaking bad" a natural conversation in life, conversation about books and pictures. that's an ongoing conversation. doesn't depend on universities. what universities do, what humanities programs, art history programs do, i think is that they do two things. they take the conversation back into history so that we know that conversation we're having about homeland is also a conversation we can have about george elliott, and they do
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something even more important i think, fareed, they democratize the conversation. my father's father, my grandfather, was a little grosser, butcher, no knowledge of the arts at all. wonderful man but a simple immigrant. my father became a professor of 18th century english literature. you could go to school and walk into an english department and so when people say well, the humanities are elitist, it's just the opposite. it's when we don't have humanities departments that that conversation about civilization is elitist. when we have them at universities it means anybody can take part. >> wasn't what the president was saying true in this sense, that not everyone should aspire to a kind of four-year liberal arts degree, that there are some people for whom a two-year course in mechanics or some trade like that is going to be a much more productive path because that person's talents or skills might be better suited to that? or is that fundamentally kind of
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class divide? much of europe works that way, where there's streaming where people are moved into. that's why the german economy has nod had some of the employment problems we've had. >> and canada too. you have a lot of two-year programs right out of college. if we start amputating the life of hands and eyes from the life of the mind we're going to regret it partly for the reason of the steve jobs principle, a lot of real innovation comes out of the arts, but also because finally it's a question of values. why do we want to be prosper sflus it's not just because we want to put things in our pockets and in our stomachs. we want to put things in our head's, children's head, feel they're part of a conversation that extends beyond them and will extend in front of them. the humanities are uniquely good at doing that. we need the humanities because we're human and the crucial thing about being a human being is we know we're at one place in an arc of time and that there's a future in front of us and as
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past that stretches behind us. >> so why did you become an art history majorer? >> oh, because for all of those reasons. because the prettiest girl i ever seen was studying renaissance art every morning at mcgale university. if i'm sitting near her in the dark i'm going to be able to insinuate myself into her good graces and 30 some years later we are still married. >> always. adam gopnik, thank you so much. up next, why fashion designers around the world should knock off this african church attire. [ female announcer ] you get sick, you can't breathe through your nose... suddenly you're a mouthbreather. well, put on a breathe right strip and instantly open your nose up to 38% more than cold medicines alone. so you can breathe and sleep. shut your mouth and sleep right. breathe right.
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72 years ago last week president franklin d. roosevelt signed executive order 9066 authorizing the secretary of war to create military areas in the united states from which anyone could be excluded. although japanese-americans were not specifically mentioned in the order it was clearly meant for them. roughly 120,000 were forced from their homes and exiled to camps in remote areas where they remained surrounded by barbed wire and armed guard for much of the war. it brings me to my question of the week. which u.s. president rescinded president roosevelt's order. a harry truman, b, dwight eisenhower, c, gerald ford, d ronald reagan. this week's book of the week is "the steps across the water" by adam gopnik whom you just heard from. this is a children's book written with style.
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it's a fantasy set in new york with central park, skyscrapers, zeppelins and the chrysler building and much more. buy it for a young relative. and now for the last look. after the kind of winter we've had here in new york, upgrades on winter coats have been the style of the season. at the city's recent fashion week, one of the must-have items was a fabs plus fur. halfway aerds across the world these south african men are sporting fur of their own during a religious ritual. carrying warrior shields the men are wearing the traditional ceremonial attire of the shemby religion, a monkey tail loin cloth, ostrich feathers on their head, a leopard skin belt and a leopard skin cape and perhaps fashion designers should copy this african custom. you see, for some of the members, the fur is fake. in fact, it's made in china. the international trade of
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leopard parts is illegal and the skins used in the ceremonial attire usually come from poachers. thanks to a project by the wild cat conservation group, a fake fur material is now being made in china and shipped to south africa. 10% of members are estimated to have made the switch to synthetic fur and thousands of these fabulous faux shoulder capes have been shipped to the region. it's a strange day when african animal skins are manufactured in china and shipped via dhl, but it is certainly the bright side of globalization. the correct answer to our "gps" challenge question is c, while most of the camps holding japanese-americans were emptied by the end of world war ii executive order 9066 was not officially rescinded until 1976 when president ford issued a proclamation declaring that the evacuation had been wrong. in 1988, president reagan signed the civil liberties act which
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awarded $20,000 to each of the survivors of the camp for their hardship and loss of property. thanks to all of you for being part of my program this week. i will see you next week. hello, everyone. the top of the hour. "reliable sources" will start in one minute. i'm fredricka whitfield live in atlanta with the check of our top stories right now. people in ukraine's captain today are looking at an uncertain future. less than 24 hours ago, a series of huge shifts in the country ended with a passionate speech from opposition leader yulia tymoshenko. she was released from jail earlier just by matter of hours and president viktor yanukovych was voted out of office apparently trying to leave ukraine last night. now no one knows where he is. a restaurant manager is dead after a carbon monoxide leak last night at a legal