tv Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown CNN May 17, 2014 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT
drive the tractor. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com mexico is a country where every day people fight to live. all too often, they lose that battle. a magnificent, heartbreakingly beautiful country, the music and food, and a uniquely mexican, darkly funny, deeply felt world view. right down there, cuddled up beneath us, our brother from another mother.
please protect my stash of cocaine. let it not be interfered with by the cops, or the competition. let any who would mess with me be killed. my enemies destroyed. please forgive us our sins, for they are many. so is business good? i mean, are there more murders, particularly narco murders? [ speaking foreign language ] ♪ ♪ >> every day, mexico wakes up to
count the dead. they are, after all, left out to be seen. often with a helpful note, identifying who done what and generally speaking why. there is a language to the never-ending violence, a coded message in the twists and marks of the bodies. and valente rosas is one of many documenting them for the press. this is what he does every night, rides around waiting for a phone call or a radio message telling him that there's another one. so who's buying drugs? who's selling drugs to who? [ speaking spanish ]
♪ >> here, you kill each other for a reason. it's business? >> si. >> more mexican civilians have been killed since 2006 than all the american military lost in ten years of the vietnam war and eight years of wars in iraq. what do you do if you're one of these cops, you're driving around one night, you see some guy outside of a bar beating somebody or disturbing the peace, you start to arrest him and he's got a diamond studded pistol, it's got his name on it. now you realize you've just arrested somebody with serious powerful connections. what do you do? [ speaking spanish ] >> you let him go? >> si. >> why do they always pull their pants down?
our local fixer, alex, is here to translate. >> in this case he thinks that they pull the pants down so check for weapons. >> they're loading him into the sheet. >> this is the csi team, so when they were pulling his pants off, money and jewelry started falling from the pockets. basically, they took the money out his pockets and that was the only available spot. >> to show they didn't take anything. >> yeah, exactly. so this is also a drug dealer. the thing here in mexico, as soon as someone's killed, normally they get candles just right next to them. sometimes it's related to drug dealings and criminals. >> how long have you been doing this? >> about nine years. >> how many bodies do you think? hundreds? >> si. >> how do you push them out of your mind when you're not working? >> a lot of people ask him about this. but he said like it's a job, not
like any other kind of job, but as soon as he gets home, he just takes this cover off and just keep living. >> that's a terrible picture. that's sad. what happened here? >> there was an elephant called gilda. she run away from a circus. so she basically was crossing the highway and was just run over. >> the world we live in now, of all of these pictures, this is the one that would get people most upset? you'd get the most mail, the most oh, my god, what kind of a world do we live in? >> this was probably the most viewed picture from different media around the world. >> 80,000 mexicans have died in the last seven years in narco violence? >> and this is the most important picture. >> as our crew gets ready to crawl back to our hotel, valente gets the call we thought we had been waiting for. one dead male, shot in head. a note pinned to his chest.
in mexico, people fight to live every day. one man stands alone, facing another man. his intent, to beat his opponent with his fists until he can resist no more. a match, yes, but more accurately, a fight. jorge lasierva is a former bantamweight title holder. with his father, jorge senior and his son alexis, he trains aspiring fighters in this gym in the santa anita neighborhood of mexico city.
he knows these young men, like generations of boxers everywhere from other neighborhoods like this, are looking for a way out. >> in mexico city boxing is kind of a save your life. you know what i mean? boxing they give them a little discipline. >> let's say you're good but you're not that good. can you make a living just being a contender? >> no, but a lot of fighters, they try to make it. tons of boxers. they want to be a champion. >> everybody wants to be a champion. >> everybody. everybody wants to get to the big shot. but you know, it's just one. >> those are bad odds. the history of boxing is not kind. i mean, most managers and promoters don't really give a shit about the fighters. they use them up but at the end they leave a guy all broken down, no money and scrambled brains. >> we're just like prostitutes. you know what i mean? >> in this area what are your options? if you drop out of high school. >> nothing. it's just like being on the
street. snatching, robbing. a lot of kids in the hood will go let's go kidnap that guy. >> big industry. >> everybody here now wants to be a soccer player. >> why boxing? >> because they make money here. >> who's got a longer career, a narco or a boxer? >> i don't know. might be 50/50. i mean, narco, you can last longer. >> you can. >> you are protected by the police. you just pay off, nobody's going to touch you. >> expensive protein shakes and dietary supplements? not so much. boxers here eat what they can afford. >> the food is good and it's cheap. you know, in mexico, there is no middle class. >> you're either poor or you're really, really rich. >> i mean, it's a crazy thing. the minimum wage here is like 50, 60 pesos, which is like five bucks. not an hour, a day.
>> but on the other hand, that's why mexican fighters are so exciting. they're hungry. >> exactly. we're hungry. hey, i heard you guys can help me with frog protection? sure, we help with fraud protection. if there are unauthorized purchases on your discover card, you're never held responsible. you are saying "frog protection"? fraud. fro-g. frau-d. i think we're on the same page. at discover, we treat you like you'd treat you. fraud protection. get it at discover.com
marginalized, the criminal. people for whom the traditional church has less relevancy. for the unforgiven and the unforgiveable. for those on whom the catholic saints have turned their backs, there is santa muerte. this is a place and santa muerte is a saint that accepts everybody. "death to my enemies" written on a votive candle. let's face it, we have all prayed for that at one point or another. topito is a poor neighborhood for sure, and a tough one. a center of commerce both above-board and not. [ shouting in foreign language ] perhaps a breakfast beverage first.
a michelada. one giant beer with lemon, chili powder, salt and magi sauce. that's a sizable morning beverage. my companion, blogger and chronicler of the city, jorge pedro. >> wow. a whole season of the walking dead for 25 cents. >> you want to buy something, topito's got it. looking for some cheap underwear, pirated copies of man versus food seasons one through five? this is where you find them. so this all seems very wholesome. i mean, where could i buy a gun, some heroin and a prostitute? i was looking forward to that. >> let's say topito has many layers. >> right. >> and we are in the surface. >> okay. >> we are among movies, clothing, families. but i don't think it's as easy as to ask where can i get a gun? probably they will kill you if you ask that. you know santo huditas? the patron saint of hopeless
causes. >> oh, lost causes. >> it's become very popular in the last years. >> a lot of good smells here, man. and a lot of good-looking food. my happy place is somewhere in here. oh, there it is. >> yeah. >> beautiful. wherever there's bones and guts simmering in broth, chances are i'll be happy. writer, sociologist and life-long resident of topito, alphonso hernandez, apparently feels the same way. is this supposed to be a bad neighborhood? this is the best. i love this neighborhood. [ speaking foreign language ] >> it is known for being the lost souls neighborhood. it is called angeles neighborhood. like angels being there, but in topito there are no angels but lost souls. >> what's the saying?
[ speaking foreign language ] >> showing los juevos to death. >> show your balls to the devil? >> to death. >> on the menu, migas. the base comes from boiling cracked ham bones to release the marrow, to which garlic, onion, cascabel peppers and episote is added. thickened with stale bread and leftover tortillas. you got nothing, you make something really awesome out of nothing. >> the grandmothers have the creativity to take advantage of the bones of the pigs. and now it's a gourmet dish. >> any great old culture where there's poverty, there's something like this. by the way, if you're watching this, after you do this you've really got to wash your hands before you touch your -- that's a rookie mistake.
>> she's asking you if you like the migas. if you enjoy the meal. >> yeah, it's good. delicious. so this has been open 65 years? >> all the members of crew are relatives. >> is there hope for social change in this country? >> unfortunately, mexico has become the topito of the world. topito, this is still the synthesis of the mexican. >> not a lot of upward mobility here. the rich get richer, the poor get ground slowly under the wheel. eduardo garcia has hacked his way up the ladder to become chef owner of the city's hottest restaurant. >> i grew up in the states. i was a migrant worker picking fruits and vegetables as a kid. my parents didn't earn a lot of money, so i decided to work rather than go to school. >> the restaurant business as i well know ain't no picnic.
and in mexico city, it's particularly rough. >> mexico has a reputation where we all know that the country's run by corrupt politics. you have to stand up for what you believe. if you don't, people will run you over. you won't last a minute. i don't let people bully me around. >> garcia runs maximo bistro with his wife, gabriella. here's the kind of extra helping of crap you've got to deal with if you run the hottest restaurant in mexico city. in 2013 the spoiled daughter of the head of mexico's consumer protection agency walks in and demands a table when there's, unsurprisingly, no table available. when garcia says sorry, no can do, she pulls a you know who i am and then calls daddy and gets the health inspectors in to shut the place down. so your other customers basically started taking pictures of them with their cell
phones? >> next thing you know, we have the media outside and this is friday. >> right. >> sunday morning, we're front page of one of the most important newspapers in mexico. >> well, it was very embarrassing to the government. >> and it should be. >> because they got caught doing what they do all the time. but if you were not the hottest restaurant in town, you were just running a cantina a few blocks away -- >> i would have been -- >> they would have closed you down and that's that. right now, the defiant young creative generation of mexican chefs like eduardo are performing some of the most exciting cooking anywhere on earth, a mixing of the very old and traditional with the very new. >> so you worked at la bert hanan. >> as a kid, yes. one of the jokes throughout the whole time that i worked is how old are you? i'm 18. you've been 18 for three years. those are abalone from baja.
i told you i love butter. i use it even for some mexican dishes. and then just some roasted chili serrano just to give it a nice little kick for me. >> they're finished with lemon and of course brown butter. >> beautiful. mm. very delicious. very mexican, very french. brown butter, awesome. makes everything better. >> of course. i think the most important thing about mexican cuisine in general if it's traditional, it's the ingredients. >> confit of suckling pig topped with grandma's salsa. an instant classic. >> have at it. you do it like the mexican way. pick it up and go. ♪ >> wow. pretty hard to imagine anything better than that. you're stuck with this dish forever, man. it's going to be like mick jagger 50 years from now singing "satisfaction." there's no getting away from it,
man. this is so good. this is a classic. but even now with all his success, garcia is still fighting a struggle most mexicans are all too familiar with. >> what happened that day happens every day. and the promise always is we're going to shut you down, you don't know who i am. and for me, i would rather close my restaurant than live like that. if you close my restaurant, i will go across the street, i will go to another state or i will go to another country, and i still will make a good restaurant. i make a lot of purchases for my business. and i get a lot in return with ink plus from chase like 60,000 bonus points
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♪ under former president felipe calderon, mexico launched a concerted war on drugs. ostensibly against the notorious and seemingly untouchable cartels. absolutely no one can say with any credibility, by the way, that mexico's war or our trillion-dollar war -- >> just say no. >> -- has had any effect in diminishing the flow of drugs into our country. one very brave journalist has
uncovered exactly how deep the rot of corruption and dirty money has penetrated into every level of mexican institutions. >> my grandmother is from oaxaca. so how we used to drink the mescal is never with lemon. it's with orange. >> it is not what a lot of people wanted to hear, much less see published. today anabel hernandez, author of the groundbreaking expose "los senores del narco" lives under guard in a secret location, the threat very, very real and very explicit. >> do you think there was ever a minute when the calderon war on drugs, was it ever genuine? >> no. who really start the war against the cartels was vicente fox. felipe calderon just followed that instruction, but he didn't really do anything new. he just did it worse.
since the beginning, the plan of the government was protect the sinaloa cartel and fight against the enemies of the sinaloa cartel. >> of the seven major mexican cartels, the sinaloa cartel is considered the most powerful, with the farthest-reaching and most pervasive tentacles extending deep into every corner of government, banking and private industry. its rivals, the tijuana cartel, the gulf cartel, the juarez cartel, the beltra levya, la familia michoacana and the particularly murderous los zetas. the cartels are responsible for importing roughly three quarters of all illegal narcotics to america. in your work, you uncovered what had to be some very embarrassing and incriminating associations
and connections between very high elected officials, the presidents and entire administrations, and acts of incredible criminality. how did that change your life? >> well, when i start to make this investigation on 2005 and i really understand that it would be very dangerous. i have to say that it wasn't really a surprise for me what happened after i published my book. what i didn't expect is that the threats came from the federal government. >> anabel says that one of her sources warned her that the biggest threat was from within, that one of the most highly placed, most senior law enforcement officials in mexico had ordered her killed. >> because in my book i put his name and also showed some documents that proves that he
was involved, he was in the payroll of the sinaloa cartel. >> what happened to this man? >> right now, he's very happy drinking rum, i think, building many enterprises, fake enterprises, laundry his money. >> to me the weak link are the bankers. a banker who launders money, he's got a family, he's got a reputation, he gives money to charity, his neighbors think he's great. his kids think he's wonderful. he's got something to lose. so i wouldn't be prosecuting drug dealers. i would be prosecuting bankers. >> the name of my book is "los senores del narco" because los senores del narco are not only chapo de guzman. and the leaders of these cartels. no. los senores del narco are also the politicians and bankers and businessmen. the people have to know who are these people by name. >> you have been a journalist for how long? >> 20. 20 years. >> 20 years.
your father was killed, kidnapped and killed in 2000? >> my father was a businessman. in that year many gangs used to kidnap businessmen just for money. so when we went to the police and asked them to investigate, they said well, if you pay us, we will make the investigation. so as family, we decide to pay because you cannot buy the justice. since that, i really tried to fight against corruption. that's why i'm doing what i do, because i think that corruption is the worst problem in mexico. the drug cartels are maybe the worst face of that problem, but the problem in the deep is the corruption. the corruption is the mother of all our problems in mexico. >> it should be pointed out that 88 journalists, how many journalists have been killed in
this country? >> 90. 90 now. >> 90 journalists have now been killed or disappeared over the last few years. >> yeah. >> here you can kill a journalist and get away with it. why are you still here? >> i have lost many things in my life. my father was the most important person in my life. i already lost everything. i don't have any life anymore. i don't have a social life. i don't have a sentimental life. i don't have anything. i just have my work and my family. and my work of a journalist is everything for me. i really believe that good journalists can change the world. i have received many offers to go outside to france, to sweden and other countries. i don't want to leave. it's my choice. my choice is fight.
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>> in pre-conquest mexico, there were gods and goddesses of intoxication and ecstasy. the touch of a lover, the smell of a flower, the a-ha of an idea, all had gods and goddesses that took responsibility for those things. >> all of your mescals come from different villages and only that village? >> and only one maker in that village. we call our stuff single-village mescal because most mescals are made with a blend of different villages all put together. no one goes home and has a cocktail in these indian villages. they wait until there's a special occasion. ♪ every birth, death, confirmation, baptism, there's a fiesta.
a wedding is eight days. you invite 200 people. you feed them breakfast, lunch and dinner. you have a band every day. and then they really consume. don't drink yet. for mother earth and her ancestors. and then you say stijibeo. >> stijibeo. that's extraordinary. back in the day, it was cheap stuff with a worm in it and there were rumors that if you ate the worm you would start tripping, that there was a hallucinogenic quality to mescal. >> yeah. >> is there a particular kind of high? is this an enlightening high? is this a good high? >> the high is humorous. you have these funny thoughts dancing around the back of your head. >> happy, witty drunk. >> yes.
>> in oaxaca ancient indigenous traditions and ingredients define not only the mescal but also the food. >> one of the main reasons people visit our city is to eat. >> this is alejandro ruiz almeido, one of mexico's best chefs. he started cooking young. when he was 12, his mother died and it fell on him to raise and feed his five siblings. >> this is what we call pasajo. >> today he draws much of his inspiration from oaxaca's central market. probably america's most beloved food is what they think is mexican food. >> yes. >> and i think most americans' view of mexican food is beans, fried tortilla, melted cheese, some chicken. >> yes. >> in fact, in particular when we're talking about oaxaca, this
is a deep, really sophisticated cuisine. >> that's correct. oaxaca has these different microclimates all over our territory. and that give us this enormous amount of spices, products, fruit, chiles. >> like 500,000 varieties of corn. something like that. this is really where the good shit grows. this is barbacoa. and this lady here is always make the best. >> tender. >> yes. tender, tasty. >> mm, man. greens and crunch. >> cabbage and cilantro. >> oh, unbelievably good. so tasty. mm. >> they'll give us some consomme. >> mm. man. deep. it's good. i'll finish this. this is just too damn good. >> people have this barbecue especially on sundays.
it's a tradition to have barbacoa. >> it's so tasty. >> all this pasillo is full of chilis. people think that mexican food has to be necessarily spicy because of the chilies we use. and we go for flavors, not for the spiciness. >> what most people miss is how really deep and really sophisticated the sauces here can be. like lyon is to france, oaxaca is to mexico, in my experience. >> you're right. also in my experience. >> not kissing your ass here. i was just in lyon. this is vicky's place. she has been cooking up traditional oaxacan dishes in the market for 30 years. >> whoa, that's awesome. cooking an egg right on -- oh, man. so the guy working the camal. first of all, a lot of the camal you see now are metal. that's old school -- super old school.
the way they did back in zapotec times. >> yes. >> on the clay camal. i'm looking over there, he's doing our tortillas. and the zucchini flowers with the string cheese. that's so pretty to see. >> omero's cooking, his focus, his passion, have very old, very deep roots. >> my family were farmers. and small village like mine. since you were six, eight, seven, you have a role to develop in the family. so my role was to water the chili plantation, the tomato plantation, to milk the cows, and help my mom while she was making tortillas like that. she would give me directions and telling me okay, roll the chilis, roll the tomatoes, i'll tell you how to prepare mocajete salsa. it was the beginning of my profession, learning from the knowledge of how a tomato should taste like when you cut it directly from the plant. >> the way it should taste. >> that's right.
>> oh, man. happy. >> this is what you should do. try the egg first like this. >> just grab a hunk. >> yes. >> then put salsa. >> yeah. i haven't been anywhere in mexico where the cooking is better than here. >> this is the way to preserve our culture, through our food. ♪ hey! so i'm looking at my bill, and my fico® credit score's on here. we give you your fico® score each month for free!
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♪ the quiet little town of teo titlan del valle is about 15 miles outside of oaxaca. a town where the arts, crafts, and traditions of the pre-hispanic mexico are celebrated and packaged for consumption. abigail mendosa and her sister rafina are zapoteca, original people from mexico before the spanish. before the aztecs. this is her restaurant, where abigail has been grinding corn by hand, making masa and moles like this, the ridiculously faithful, time-consuming, difficult traditional way she was taught to make these things and the way she's been making them since she was 6 years old.
look at her hands, by the way. small, surprisingly delicate, given all the hard work, all the pushing, kneading, grinding, stone against stone over the years. then look at her forearms. the power there. it's impressive and beautiful. >> every time you enter a house in oaxaca, especially the small villages, they always offer you a shot of mescal. >> mm, so good. >> seguesa, a mole and chicken dish. this mole sauce, like a lot of the real old school moles made by masters like abigail, uses 35 different types of chili peppers and takes more than two weeks to make. do you think that until recently, until guys like you,
that mexicans were not looking back at their own food culture, they were looking elsewhere? what was going on? >> we were conquered. we are also a culture that was conquered first by the aztecs and then we were conquered by the spaniards. so we were always told that excellent has to be imported. >> right. >> and what we have here, it was just not good. another zapotecan classic, chili agua, a simpler dish of cow and pork brains cooked with chilis, tomatoes and yerba santa. >> as a cook, the main thing i learn was to develop a little bit my cuisine here. there was this space where nobody tried to innovate. still using the same techniques, the same ingredients, the same flavors, herbs, et cetera, but developing them a little bit. >> muchas gracias.
[ speaking foreign language ] >> i mean, that's as old-school as it gets. this is super ancient. >> a finer dish than this one you cannot have. this is something that you do not find anywhere else in mexico. >> a quiet night in the zocalo, the central square of oaxaca. ♪ but even tonight there's plenty of evidence of the struggle, the discontent boiling just under the surface. the graffiti and painting of this street artist who goes by the name yezca captures that spirit of oaxacan protest. ♪
the last supper, for sure. >> it's a last supper but mexican last supper. >> who are these people? >> it's the most powerful people in mexico. people that is driving mexico. this is pena nieto, the president right now. this is felipe calderon, the last president. and that guy is like the economy guy, the guy that is, like moving the economy in mexico. this is the army. this is a prostitute. represents because they are like prostitutes, you know. and a narco traffic guy. he's like the god in mexico. you know? because he is like over -- >> all of it. >> yeah. >> so this is the way mexico works. >> yeah. for me the most problem in mexico is the corruption.
>> mexico could be a dangerous place for journalists, for politicians, for police. is it a dangerous place for artists? >> yeah, i think so, yeah. because if you not agree with the government you are like enemy. really... so our business can be on at&t's network for $175 dollars a month? yup. all five of you for $175. our clients need a lot of attention. there's unlimited talk and text. we're working deals all day. you get 10 gigabytes of data to share. what about expansion potential? add a line anytime for 15 bucks a month. low dues... great terms...
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in 1936 the town of cuernavaca, 50 miles from mexico city, was visited by malcolm lowry. the tormented, self-loathing, brilliant, and hopelessly alcoholic author. his life work "under the volcano," is set here. it is widely believed to be one of the great novels of the 20th century. lowry saw symbolism and evil everywhere here. in the deep barrancas, the looming volcano that towered overhead. writer, poet javier cecilia, one of cuernavaca's most celebrated residents, has reason to see evil too. on march 28th, 2011 narcos
kidnapped and murdered his son, juan francisco, and six other equally blameless innocent victims. cecilia found himself moved to march to mexico city, to demand an end to the increasingly futile so-called war on drugs that was mindlessly grinding up so many victims in the crossfire and in the margins. in "under the volcano" the evil that's coming is fascism, nazism. what is the heart of the infernal machine today? [ speaking foreign language ]
a woman's suicide raised questions about why she did it. was it depression, anger, revenge? until a forensic pathologist questioned whether it was a suicide at all. her dream was to marry a successful man, have children, live comfortably and have lots of friends. 33-year-old gennifer corbin got all that and more when she married dr. bart