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tv   The Nineties  CNN  August 19, 2017 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT

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people no longer are a threat to our country. we're not able to with confidence that the belief system and that philosophy is gone forever. because it's not. it's still here. it's still with us.. in the '90s, we're going to revolutionize human communication using desktop computers. >> you've got mail. >> what is the world wide web. >> in the world of computers it's kill or be killed. >> please welcome bill gates. >> do you agree or disagree you with a monopoly. >> check out windows '95. >> this is imac. a technological revolution that's taking the way we do everything from making friends to falling in love. >> when the new millennium arrives so will a technological
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tidal wave. ♪ ♪ so you've just bought your first personal computer, you've brought it home from the store, you're unpacking it and then comes the moment of truth. if you've just bought your first personal computer, this show is
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for you. >> computers were in 1990 a disconnecteded device. it was a brick, right? that sat in your house and let you do amazing things that you'd never been able to do before but it was essentially a productivity tool. >> now that we have all these very powerful tools, we're still islands and we're still not really connecting these people using these powerful tools together. >> apple was in a period of decline. steve jobs quit in kind of a temper tantrum in 1985. and he went off and started a company called next. after he left, there was a sequence of pretty boring unimaginative corporate leadership that followed him. >> why did you leave andle? >> well, why did i leave apple? i was asked to leave. yeah, i was asked to leave apple. i was planning on spending the rest of my life there but been the didn't work out that way. >> steve jobs was a genius but one of the reasons he got moved out of his job was because he was spending huge amounts of money on projects that for the
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most part never reached the market and apple had a crisis of confidence. >> at a time when major computer corporations like apple are laying off 10% of their workforce, most is the big exception in the computer industry. >> people didn't get how much value there was to be derived from software that the operating system could be the most valuable piece of real estate in the whole computing business was something not understood by almost anybody in the computer industry apart from bill gates. >> today we're introducing most windows version 3. >> bill gates, part thomas edison, part henry ford, part holden kawfield from "catcher in the rye." at 19, he dropped out of harvarded to design computer software with his friend paul allen. they came up with a system that operates 90% of the personal
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computers today. >> most was making a lot of money then. they were charge, 200, 300, $400 for say a word processing package that was costing them about 50 cents to print on floppies. >> hard working, modest, easy going, it would seem to a fault. of course, he does have at least one secret. but we'll fix that. is it true that you can leap over a chair from a standing position? >> it depends on the size of the chair but this chair, probably so. >> yes! >> i took a step before i did it. >> that's okay. >> bill gates wasn't just one thing. he was a brilliant guy. had great parents. family values. but he was a killer. he basically was a ruthless guy, and so was microsoft. >> no, no, no, somebody's confused not thinking. > there's no way. you guys never understood, you never understood the first thing about this.
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>> a lot of people make the analogy that competing with bill gates is like playing hard ball. i'd say it's more like a knife fight. >> i've never heard any of these things. you know, you're saying like knife fight. that's silliness. it's childish. i mean, why be a mouthpiece for that kind of silliness? i'm done. >> can i just ask you one more question bill? >> no, i don't think so. >> i remember one time interviewing gates and i said, microsoft owns the world right now. do you worry about that he said i worry about it every single night. i go to bed thinking what have i not thought about. >> now it's starting to dial. and now i am in. >> it spans the globe like a super highway. it is called internet. the net began back in 1969.
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it was a tool of the pentagon. but nowadays just about anyone with a computer and a modem can join in. >> the internet was a really dorky hard to use and extremely nerdy thing. none of your friends would have been on had. just fellow people in tech. >> the internet really was not a huge factor in the early '90s. but netscape changed things. >> they're calling him the next bill gates. 248-year-old mark andree son, 15 months ago fresh out of the university of oils he helped start a company called netscape. at 11:00 a.m. this morning, the company's stock went public and wall street went bonkers. so what does netscape produce that now makes the company worth $2.9 billion? this. the netscape navigator, software which makes it easy for people to connect to the global computer network called the internet. >> microsoft has a long history of feeling threatened by hot new upstarts. you could easily argue that bill
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gates' game plan was world domination. >> these guys can be taken. but the only way we're going to take them is by studying them. know what they know. do what they do. watch them, watch them, watch them. take every one of their good ideas and make it one of our good ideas. >> microsoft came down and essentially said to netscape, hey, you know, we can be friends or we can be enemies and if we're going to be friends, that's great. you'll get all the advantages of working with microsoft in a million ways and on the home screen of a lot of computers or we can compete. we'll do whatever is required to kill. >> you some people believe you have an infinite appetite for power that you're the embodiment of a button that says i want to eat it all. and you want to eat up your competitors. is that unfair? >>. >> it doesn't ring any bells with me. ♪
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ask your doctor about lyrica. the first day back. >> how does it feel. >> what did president clinton, conservative radio personality rush limbaugh and rock star billy idle have in common? they've all got electronic mail addresses on computer systems linked to the internet. >> who are these other people that are on it. >> other people just like you. >> how did they get on it? who regulates and who decide who's gets on this highway and who doesn't. >> the services we're talking about today are commercial services. you spend money to get on there.
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there's no real regulation per se. you use your phone line and computer and you get online. >> and xu serve was for the tech savvy people. prodigy was for shopping and aol had a vision to get everyone connected. the first one. >> when i heard that sound, i cried a little bit because i knew there was a big adventure waiting for me. >> welcome. you've got mail. >> xu be charged by the minute. it was like a taxicab. aol's invention was to forget that and charge $19.95 all you can eat. that changed everything because now you could afford to be on the internet all you wanted. >> you didn't have to be a researcher. you could dial on to aol. aol was specifically dined to be point and click. >> steve case is the president of america online. i interviewed him via computer. >> what are the most popular america online features now. >> he responds the real focus for us is on promoting interactivity. >> what's the very best thing
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about it? i think being able to communicate with just about anyone anywhere. >> one of the things that aol realizes is that america online can't be all 200 plus million people at once. you need little neighborhoods so chat rooms become internet neighborhoods where people who share interests, create their own little space. you can either click on the chat button up here or go to the people connection, that's what america online calls it and when you get here, click on list rooms to find different categories of room. >> when i was a kid, i didn't know any other black gay people. the only people i knew why the emotion that i met on america online. i didn't come out to my mother till much later but i was out on the internet. >> in many respects aol was one of the first social media companies. >> computer communication is not like human communication. there's no facial expression to help you know which way something ambiguous is meant. so the isolated communicators of cyber space have come up with
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little signs made out of punctuation marks called emoticons. >> you were using texas to have a conversation that felt like a face-to-face communication. could you see the start of this new online culture. >> it's a technological revelation that's changing the way we do everything from making friends to falling in love. >> he was nice and he never gave me any of the come on lines. it was always friendly. >> wait, you're telling me guys use pickup lines on a computer? >> uh-huh. >> as the internet grows, i'm finding information and want to find love. >> i just happened to stumble on michael's address. i picked him out of the blue. i read his profile and i was completely floored. >> many of the businesses of the internet work on connecting for the first time total strangers who have very narrow interests in common. >> aol was what was called a walled garden. picture this, you're paying a monthly fee for something with a limited number of things to do.
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no matter how many things they put inside their garden, it could never come close to the hundreds of millions of things that would pop up on the open internet. >> the thing about the world wide web is that it has no central organizing body. it's chaotic. if up if you are running a website how is anyone going to find. >> you jerry change and david philo liked spending hour after hour discovering interesting places on the internet. that is how they stumbled on to a fortune. their million dollar idea is called yahoo. >> yahoo! >> yahoo came in at just the perfect time. they literally made a list. it was just simply a listing. it was jerry and david's web listing. and they named yahoo! after red necks, yahoos. >> yahoo was an exercise in organizing the internet. it quickly became the leading way to find things.
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it was a directly based system, it wasn't a search based system. the idea was to cure rate the whole web. >> wall street now values yahoo at around $700 million even though it's barely profit credible. >> with the success of netscape and the growth of these upstarts yahoo, there was this energy that was not all in seattle. >> it's not really silicon valley versus what's what's going on in redmond, washington, 80s more mankind versus microsoft. silicon valley is just one outpost against the evil empire to the north. >> this is silicon valley, the heart and soul of the nation's computer business. here microsoft is respected and feared as a powerful giant whose every foot step sends shivers through the entire industry. >> there's this emerging war basically between the silicon valley culture build up around the web and the microsoft culture up in redmond. it's an economic clash,
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technological clash, a clash for power. bill gates had to turn microsoft like a super tanker around to have it address the internet. the way they did that was by coming up with internet explorer which they presents as the world's best browser. it wasn't. microsoft stuff never is the best but it was well market and it was pushed and they had a lot of money behind it. >> here came microsoft with its own version of a web browser built into windows 95. their intention was to kill netscape as the browser and make internet explorer its replacement. >> five, four, three, two, one. zero. >> a consumer feeding frenzy. many computer stores like this one in miami opened at the stroke of midnight so customers could be the first to get their hands on windows 95. >> windows 95. >> it seems like an awful lot of fuss over a single product but
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the product will have a huge impact not just on microsoft but on the global computer industry. >> this is jennifer aniston. i'm matthewer withry. we're here to see mr. gates on a possible video guide to most windows 95. >> all of the employees have been invited to a huge party in a tent on the microsoft campus. guess what song we could hear. >> reporter: you got it, rolling stones, "start me up." >> windows 95 was the most successful software launch to this day. everybody whether they really wanted to nor not went out and got windows 95. >> getting the rolling stones to allow their music to be used in the ad launch tonight is the sign of a company at the peak of its powers. the challenge for microsoft is to stay there with the race now on to exploit the internet, it may soon be microsoft's turn to fear the competition. ♪ rocking hot, you got me
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this is not a subject that's unfamiliar to you. >> yeah, it is. it's sort of ancient history to me right now. i don't really think about this stuff anymore. apple and microsoft duke it out and netscape and microsoft duke it out and it's a spectator sport. >> in the mid-1990s, apple had a couple more ceos none of whom grasped the vision of apple. the company did worse and worse as the decade progressed. >> with profit margins shrinking, apple seems destined for a takeover. this is a computer that even has fan clubs. >> i just love the apple. and i always have, and i can't really say why. >> everyone was root fog are apple to somehow survive. it wasn't at all clear that apple would be around at the end of the 1990s. >> the troubled apple computer company may republican to its core in an effort to boost sagging sales. apple reportedly will name its co-founder steve jobs as its new chairman. he will replace the chairman who was ousted earlier this month.
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>> stave came over to apple, sold next to apple for $400 million. he had no ambitions at apple at all. but steve jobs was watching apple flounder. and he just couldn't help himself and so he remade the company the way he wanted. and there was no one to oppose him because the company was exhausted. >> steve jobs had exactly the abrasive but incisive personality that apple needed at that point. they needed someone to come in and say kill that project, kill that project. that's stupid. consolidate that. and focus the company. >> i'd like to announce one of our first partnerships today, a very, very meaningful one and that is one with microsoft. we're very, very happy about it. we're very, very excited about it. and i happen to have a special guest with me today via
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satellite downlink. >> i don't think steve jobs has ever experienced you know before or after that just people going boo, no. microsoft represented everything that these hard-core apple fans hated. >> if we want to move forward, it's the apple healthy and prospering again, we have to let go of a few things here. we have to let go of this notion for and to win, microsoft has to lose. okay? >> there was an alliance now between these twos former arch rivals and microsoft was going to invest $150 million in apple. but more important from bill gates' point of view was that apple would include microsoft's browser in all mcintoshs. that was the last piece. now had he domination of the browser world. >> microsoft says internet explorer just makes it easier to get around the web but when you
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hit a button access services for travel, entertainment, news and the like, you find sites owned by microsoft and that's what the government is worried about. over the next few years, americans may be buying billions of dollars in goods and services through the internet. and that's a market too important the government says, for one company to act as a gate keeper. >> the u.s. justice department asked a federal court today to fine microsoft corporation a record $1 million a day. >> the complaint against microsoft came from executives at netscape, a fast growing software company that struck gold with its web browser but microsoft began giving away its own browser and required computer manufacturers to offer it with windows. >> what they're able to do is illegally we believe use that monopoly power to block the competition and do other things that they're not legally allowed to do. >> a lot of people were saying
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the anti-trust laws are outmoded. technology will enforce competition on its own. the counter argument is when we begin to get lots of people to use your operating system, it becomes harder and harder for somebody else to break into that industry. >> microsoft chairman bill gates goes before congress for the first time today expected to face tough questions from the senate judiciary committee. >> i want to can i ask the question one question and get a quick poll here. how many of you used intel based pcs in this audience. raise your hands. of that group who use pcs, how many of you use a pc without microsoft's operating system? >> gentlemen, that's a monopoly. that's a lock. that's 100%. >> it is fair to say that when you compete with people, you think hey, we're going to have a better product. we're going to win the customer. we're going to do a good job on these things. >> the hearing makes clear i think to most people like oh, huh, so that gates guy, he's not
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just like kind of a good natured geek in glasses. he's another capitalist. >> police and security guards in belgium were caught flat footed today by a cowardly sneak attack on one of the world's wealthiest men. >> it's been a bad week for microsoft and its cyber meister bill gates. yesterday at the chicago debut of his much awaited windows 98 system, the program dramatically crashed. >> you'll notice this skocanner whoa. >> it's shaping up as one of the anti-trust battles of the century. federal and state governments today sued microsoft saying the computer software giant is predatory and scheming to crush all competition. >> microsoft used its upon r monopoly power to develop a chokehold on the software needed to access the internet. >> i don't think bill gates recognized the seriousness of the situation. this was a case that simply
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wasn't going to go away. >> worst case, they'll ask us to create a crippled product and that would be too bad. that would really hold us back. so we're quite confident that won't happen. >> the government tried to avoid this trial in every way they could. but once bill rejected every settlement offer, the world just changed because it was like okay, now we're going to court. the government might not be good at some things but it's really good at litigation. when it decides it's going to win a lawsuit, you are going to face a formidable adversary. we, the people, are tired of being surprised with extra monthly fees. we want hd. and every box and dvr. all included. because we don't like surprises. yeah. like changing up the celebrity at the end to someone more handsome. and talented. really.
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it's been ten months since a new management team took over at apple, and because of their hard work, i'm really pleased to report to you today that apple is back on track. and today, i'm incredibly pleased to introduce imac, our consumer product. this is imac. >> so -- >> the imac was a computer that
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was meant to look like something you would want people to see in your house. it ushered in this new era where design started to matter. >> the imac was sexy. i had a blue one and it had curves. it was built like a sports car. when people think of computers they think of boring, beige, utilitarian. apple made it fun. >> you can take it home, take it out of the box and be cruising the internet within ten minutes. and that's not something you can do on any other computer we know of. >> he added software to make it easier to connect to the internet so the i in imac was for internet. >> it changed how people thought of apple. and changed how people perceived what had been a dying company, suddenly people saw that there was a spark here. >> in the world of computers, it's kill or be killed and the original wiz kid was thought to be dying an early death but guess what, mac is back. >> a year ago, nobody would have
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predicted this. steve jobs, the head man at apple computer, hailed as the visionary hero who brought the company back from the verge of extinction. >> in 4 1/2 months, imac has become the number one selling computer in america. >> bill gates ultimately represents the computer genius's entrepreneur, steve jobs represents the entrepreneur's artist. >> and you could say what you want about steve jobs, but he knew how to make people believe. >> in federal court in washington, d.c. today, a case of legal hard ball and computer software. the u.s. government set out to prove that computer industry giant microsoft tried to bully the competition illegally into submission or out of business. >> as microsoft and justice department lawyers came to do battle at the federal courthouse, a bill gates impersonator showed up adding a surreal touch. inside the courtroom, the real bill gates on videotape under oath in a deposition taken in august. >> the thing about a deposition is that the only thing that the
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witness can really do is to sit there and tell the truth simply and directly. the first two hours of the deposition was quite unexpected. >> given me here. >> just read. i'm asking for your present recollection if you have one. >> i don't know my present recollection. what do you mean by internet software? the full breadth of your question. >> this person who i know is brilliant and articulate and passionate is withdrawn, playing word games. being evasive. doing everything that makes him look like he is not confident in his position. >> you recognize that this is a document produced from microsoft's files. do you not, sir? >> no. >> you don't? >> well, how would i know that? >> david bois, the famous litigator has a photographic memory. he would ask gates in the deposition, do you ever remember saying this? no, i never would say something
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like that. without looking at notes, he would say would you call up document 3,021 please. >> did you know that microsoft people were meeting with netscape before they actually met? >> i don't recall knowing in advance. >> government lawyer david bois revealed an internal microsoft memorandum written by gates three weeks before that meeting. i think there is a very powerful deal of some kind we can do with netscape gates wrote. we can even pay them money buying some piece of them or something. >> when i covered the trial, one of the things the judge said to me is he didn't believe bill gates. that deposition was instrumental in shaping the judge's decision. >> i've never seen a stamp like that, never used a stamp like that. >> haven't you receive stamps like that on every one of the documents you've been shown during this deposition? >> can you get me all the exhibits. >> just a waste of time. >> it is a waste of time. >> technology is hard to understand. their pitch to the judge was
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trust us. we're doing what we're doing for the consumer. the deposition made him and the company look like they were not trustworthy. >> because this deposition and the nippettes of it that played out day after day on national television, it was an incredibly precipitous decline in how most people viewed bill gates. >> he was an environment that unlike almost every other environment in which he operates he did not control. no witness controls a deposition. no matter how rich, no matter how powerful. every witness has to sit there and answer questions. >> in words surprisingly blunt, judge thomas penfield jackson declared microsoft a monopoly. lawyers from the justice department in the 19 states that sued microsoft immediately claimed victory. >> microsoft is a mon op lift and it engages in massive anti-competitive practices. >> it drove bill gates crazy that the government was
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portraying him as some kind of evil force. was he ruthless as a businessman? yes, did he see himself as a ruthless businessman? no. he saw himself as someone who was advancing the common good. and government didn't see it that way. having moderate to severe plaque psoriasis is not always easy. it's a long-distance run. and you have the determination to keep going. humira has a proven track record of being prescribed for nearly 10 years.
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there is a lot of chat about technology in business. you'd expect that, but some of the conversation might surprise you. it is not just tech talk. they are talking about sex. >> are you an adult? >> what she does is she loads pictures mostly x-rated pictures into her computer. and then customers anywhere in the world can call up laura's lair and see on their home computer this list. 15,000 description of photos in language that's not always an suitable for tv. >> pornography is always the first to make money on any new technology and not just technology since computers. i mean, since the beginning. >> laura's customers pay to transfer these foys from her computer through the phone lines to their computer. >> okay, here it comes.
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>> how do i know? okay. they don't have clothes on. you didn't tell me that. stop sweating. > the adult industry was very interested in figuring out how to make credit cards work. that had benefits for online commerce. it boosted consumer acceptance of online credit card use. >> our little shopping carts that we now use are inven bid pornographers. what was unknown was whether or not somebody could set up a website and actually make money. and the proof of concept of that was pornography. >> for the most part, entrepreneurs have not figured outs how to make profit on the internet, that is until ebay came along. >> pierre started the auction site as a hobby. three years late ter has a market value of close to $6 billion and is a superstar on wall street. ebay makes its money by charging to list an item, then takes a small percentage of the final selling price if it sells.
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>> if you've got an item you want to sell like a 1967 green hornet lunch pail, for example, you write up a brief zes description, add a digital photo and decide on an opening bid. >> ebay really changed everything and not because what they were offering so incredible and revolutionary essentially what they were doing was they were automated the middle man. >> 600 million hits a month. >> that's right. >> that's a lot of people. >> that's right. >> how do you stop the uncroup lus? >> problems like that are really very, very rare on ebay. it's all based on trust. >> one thing ebay pioneered is this idea na we rate each other. so that future transaction participants can see whether you're a good person to deal with or not. it's in your financial interests to be looked up to and respected as a trustworthy transactional partner. >> on nbc news in-depth tonight, we're going to talk about the superstars of the stock market, those red hot internet stocks. companies that in some cases didn't even exist a few years
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ago are now trading in the stras to sphere. >> the whole dotcom bubble of the late '90s was based on this idea that what counted was not profit. what counted was eyeballs. if you could get enough people using your stuff, you would figure out a way organically from that to make a profit. >> the daily volume, 3.7 million shares. we are almost a $2 billion company. >> people love these stocks. anything that has dotcom or net in its name, it goes like hot cakes. >> it's billed as the earth's biggest bookstore. not just the country's but the earth's. but you can't shop there unless you have a computer. it's a virtual bookstore. >> books, books, and more books. that's what they do at >> if you print the catalog, it would be the size of seven new york city phone books. >> in the early '90s, jeff bezos looked at what the internet
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could be and he decided it to be anything. >> he starred it at this modest ranch home in seattle in 12994, less than five years later, his idea of selling books on the certainty has grown into a multibillion dollar business. >> the largest physical bookstores only carry about 175,000 titles. has 2.5 million titles in its online catalog. there's no way to have a 2.5 million physical bookstore. >> bezos understood it would take decades to create the infrastructure of shipping and warehouses. he had this vision of up ending the retail business. >> what is often said about your company, are you losing money. >> i can tell you that i think it's good that we're losing money right now. it's important to some day in the future in the long-term. >> we'd like to know what day that is. >> to you can't be the everything store unless you're absolutely gigantic. bezos's philosophy was get big fast. earning money, making a profit
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that will come later. for now, let's become the 800-pound gorilla. >> this year i this i more and more people will do more and more shopping online. it's convenient. you have unlimited selection. this makes the year that shopping comes of age on the internet into this was the time that allowed you to make choices as a consumer without gatekeepers choosing things for you. you could decide, he wants that. and you'd get it. if you don't live in a big city, you can still get big city stuff. >> the worldwide computer network called the internet has inspired more movies than any big deal technological fad since the cb radio boom of the '70s. the internet itself however is definitely exploding. > it hit and within like two years, it's become so powerful. >> we're sitting on the most perfect beach in the world and all we can think about is. >> where can i hook up my modem. >> in 1999, we are culturally, socially, financially quite
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dependent on the internet. >> in washington today a special senate committee is preparing to release a fairly alarming report on the y2k millennium problem. they call it one of the most serious and potentially devastating events the nation has ever effective countered. >> the brains of most computers, the chips that do the thinking have tiny built-in clocks. many registered the year with only the last two digits assuming the first two are always 19. >> the problem was not the computer would think that it's 1900. the problem was it wouldn't know what to do. it would just break down and go can't process this. >> it could trigger widespread computer failures blackouts and everything from hope appliances to the global financial system. >> if we left things as they are right now, the military would effectively shut down. >> the pentagon will spend at least $4 billion to defuse the millennium bomb and pentagon officials are confident that he would do it. critics claim they started too late and those
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>> many states have not updated their computers that run programs such as medicaid and food stamps. benefits that millions of families rely on. >> on new year's eve, 1999, i was prepared for the world to shut down. >> for a growing number of people the year 2000 is not a milestone as much as it is a sign of some sort of impending chaos. >> at home i got lots of water, generator, flashlights, batteries, canned food. >> what do you think's going to happen? >> i think there's going to be riots. >> get ready. computer failures will shut down electric utilities, prison gates will swing open at midnight, terrorist attacks will occur in larger cities and wild dog packs will roam the streets. many of these books recommend stockpiling weapons as a precaution. >> i just wanted to be prepared in case anything happens for y2k. my sweetheart's gone sayonara. this scarf all that's left to rememb... what. she washed this like a month ago!
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if you are just joining us, good morning. let us assure you, all is well. apocalypse is not now. the sky is not falling. the dreaded millenium bug bugged out. >> for the most part, life went on as normal. the sun came up, people watched morning television and ate their wheaties. >> we have spent in this country $100 billion correcting y2k. commerce secretary bill daily says it amounts to $65 per taxpayer. >> part of the reason why disaster didn't occur is because the government and corporations realized the problem and spent months in intensive preparation for that moment.
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>> it was a big deal. a lot of energy spent, a lot of fear. big nothing. >> good afternoon. microsoft was founded 25 years ago and i've had the same job as ceo during that entire 25-year period. today, steve is going to step up to a new role and he will be ceo of microsoft. >> by the time his trial was over, microsoft wound up settling but microsoft was really, really chastened in the end by that long, grueling case. >> does the government's case against microsoft have anything to do with its change if leadership? >> absolutely not. if anything, this change underscores what a dynamic, competitive business we have. but it's not at all related. >> bill gates had been very successful. he had enormous amount of money. he may very well have thought that given what he had already
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accomplished, the highest and best use of his remaining years was to spend that money helping humanity. >> it was just a few months back, if your company ended in dot-com it was a good thing. but at the end of this brutal week on wall street, a lot of analysts think the internet bubble is ready to burst and by this time next year, a huge number of those dot-coms might be dot gone. >> a year ago, investors were so eager to buy into the internet they were happily ignoring traditional measures of success. sales, profits and growth. but reality has now set in. >> these upstarts didn't have any income. they were saying we are worth billions of dollars. where's revenue? they didn't have any. >> when the venture capitalists stopped putting money in, you could time the bubble. you could say you know, if we all believe this fantasy it works. if some of us stop believing, it's a prelude to its failure. >> most dot-com retail companies
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will be out of business by next year, eliminating 25,000 out of 30,000 internet companies. >> what sort of message do you have for all of us as we look at what's happening to the dot-com businesses and the stock market? >> don't invest in dot-coms. >> the internet opened up a lot of things for people. it made things easier for people and that didn't change. bubble or no bubble. >> with more than one billion web pages out there, millions of web sites out there on the internet, no wonder the most common activity on the web is still searching, trying to find the information you're looking for. there really hadn't been very much new in the search engine field for years until something called google came along. a traditional search engine will take your search terms and say oh, what pages have those search terms on those, maybe how many times they occur. google goes way beyond that. google will say what do other web pages say about this page. >> google captured the entire web. they made a map of what linked
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to what and found things with an accuracy that no one imagined would be possible. >> it turned out that google rather than netscape was the one that eclipsed microsoft. by the end of the decade, netscape was basically gone but microsoft was, in fact, completely overtaken by exactly the thing bill was concerned about being overtaken by. netscape and google are part of the same thing which was the ascendance of the web. >> the rate of change in our lives has grown faster and faster. the zeros and ones of computer language are literally transforming every part of our lives. >> we have the little ones running around to be able to go to my computer and grocery shop is incredible to be able to do that. >> what i found was another world. a world of caring, concerned people. >> once you become familiar with it, it becomes a friend. companion. >> you have a sense of possibility. that geography used to deny you. without moving yourself. the world would come to you.
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>> any student could instantly call the text or pictures from any book in the smithsonian or tap into a supercomputer from nasa. a specialist at a huge city hospital could help diagnose patients in small rural clinics anywhere. >> the web is incredibly exciting because it is the fulfillment of a lot of our dreams that the computer would ultimately not be primarily a device for computation, but adapt into a device for communication. >> it is equivalent of the industrial revolution. the equivalent of electricity. the changes are just so profound. >> when we look back 100 years from now, this is the point where we will say everything changed. >> i wasn't prepared to translate that. i was doing that little tease. >> oh, that's right. >> that little mark with the a and the ring around it. that's what i said. kay thought it was about. >> oh. >> i never heard it said. i have only seen the mark but never heard it said. it sounded stupid when i stayed
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it. violence at nbc. there it is. violence at nbc what is internet, anyway? do you write to it, like mail? >> a lot of people use it and communicate. i guess they can communicate with nbc writers. can you explain what internet is? there are people in this country who are furious at the federal government. >> they have a right to believe whatever they want. they do not have a right to kill americans. >> there is a massive explosion in oklahoma city, oklahoma. >> police are descending upon columbine high right now. >> we shouldn't lose vigilancy. the terrorists often takes the path of least resistance and strikes when and where we least expect them to. >> what are your future plans? >> you'll see them and hear about them in the media, god willing. ♪


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