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tv   The Wonder List With Bill Weir  CNN  October 21, 2017 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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♪ soul man soul man soul man oh no soul man ♪ ♪ ♪ it was the envy of the world, a shimmering city of gods and pharaohs. teaming with life, energy and grand human plans right until the day the earth moved and it was swallowed by the sea. silky waves held its secrets for over a thousand years until the arrival of a renegade. and what once was lost has now
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been found. >> feel like a soggy, salty indiana jones. >> this is a story about egypt, both ancient and modern. it involves the nile and denial. and it is evidence that those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. ♪ my name is bill weir and i'm a story teller. i've reported from all over the world and yrv seen so much change. so i made list of the most wonderful places to explore right before they change forever. ♪ this is "the wonder list." ♪
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i know what you're thinking. a camel ride around the pyramids? come on, weir, seem as bit cliche. every tourist does the pyramids. well, not anymore. these days the crowds of geza are gone, the sphinx is lonely and nothing keeps the tourists away like here. after so much turmoil and so much terror. >> traces of explosive material have been found on the victims of egypt air flight 804. >> egypt can seem like a scary place but it's complicated. one minute we're welcomed by warm friendly strangers. the next minute questioned by
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authorities. soldiers and cops run this country. jails are filled with political prisoners. journalists have been sentenced to death, economy is in tatters and meanwhile the average egyptian has no idea that his ancient civilization is more vulnerable now than ever. >> just in the last five or six years these foclks have lived through residents, coups. 700 changes in parliament, rising, population is growing. but you can understand if these folks don't think about the long term, just trying to get through today. the nile delta, the source of life for 40 million is in peril, like never before. not enough fresh water for man,
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beast and crops. too much salt water from rising seas. and when it comes to the cities, well, they don't build them like they used to. youtube is filled with examples of shotty, often illegal construction falling to pieces. so a visit to alexandria, a place where they stash surplus sp h sphinx's, 6 million people bracing for an uncertain future while still stumbling across treasures of the past. >> so basically what we're walking on, there are catacombs
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below our feet. so it's sort of swiss cheese. >> she's eager to take me underground and back in time. >> shall we go down? >> let's do it. >> so it goes down quite a long way. >> wow. until the day a donkey came crashing through a perfectly carved hole in the catacomb roof, all of this was hidden for centuries. >> see over here you had two statues to welcome you into the land of the dead. >> this underground grave yard is proof egypt has been wrestling with religious differences for a very long
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time. as outsiders moved in, they created gods everyone could believe in. >> it's a mad melting pot where people were taking a bit of this, a bit of that. you've got the guardian of the underworld but he's wearing his roman outfit. the spears that soldiers would have. little arm bands. it's really great. i just love this mixture and he's got this big smile. >> mummies and their treasure filled each one of these chambers until the grave robbers showed up. >> people have been doing it -- a pharaoh's buried and maybe 10/15 years later someone's trying to break inhto the tomb. >> the rising water and a need for a board walk to navigate against the ghosts. is that an alarming trend in terms of preservation? >> it is because there's so much
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change in the whole environment now. and this water is threatening a lot of the monuments, but particularly tombs from this period. >> what's contributing to the water? >> population. the more people, the more water expelled. rising ground water. climate changing. >> at palm pay's pillar, not another in site. >> it comes from granite a thousand miles up the river from aswan. >> so just getting it here is a super human feet. >> and it's one piece. >> this is what's left of a massive third century temple but what they'd really like to find remains hidden. >> basically anyone who came to alaxenedria, the librarian would get to them and say have you any books? and please let us copy them. >> the library of alexandria was the internet of the day.
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as the pallomies, the greek kings who followed alexander the great built the smartest city in the known world. scholars can't agree on exactly what burnt it down but there's no doubt religion and politics led to egypt's great decline then and now. ♪ (vo) it would be great if human beings
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were great at being human. and if all of mankind were made up of kind women and kind men. it would be spectacular if the golden rule was golden to every man. and the good things that we ever did was everything that we can. (vo 2) treating others like we'd like to be treated has always been our guiding principle. we come into this world needi♪ others. then we are told it's braver to go it alone. ♪ but there is another way to live. ♪ a way that sees the only path to fulfillment- is through others.
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♪ i am totally blind. and non-24 can throw my days and nights out of sync, keeping me from the things i love to do. talk to your doctor, and call 844-214-2424. he ona 3d printer. now he's building a statue for the most interesting fan of college football. every time i raise my hand, i start a wave. who's number one? this guy! what do you go, about 6'7"? stay thirsty mis amigos. money managers are pretty much the same. all but while some push high commission investment products, fisher investments avoids them. some advisers have hidden and layered fees. fisher investments never does. and while some advisers are happy to earn commissions from you whether you do well or not, fisher investments fees are structured so we do better when you do better. maybe that's why most of our clients come from
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other money managers. fisher investments. clearly better money management.
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this is the new library of alexandria, built after richard nixon paid a visit and wondered what happened to the old one. unlike the original library, not all knowledge is welcome these days. >> you come into egypt by the government. not just the religious books. there's -- ♪ >> muhammad, ahmed and akhmed are part of poetic. and they have ridden an emotional roller coaster the past few years. ♪
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they grew up under hawsemy mubaric long reign of corruption and brutality. for 30 years he ruled until the arab spring bloomd and in 2011 his subjects said enough. >> the police was attacking us everywhere and whole city. but we felt we're doing something that is really important. >> after 18 days of violent revolution the modern pharaoh fell. egypt belonged to the people. >> it was really almost a utopia. people were literally like cleaning the streets with soap, you know. they were so really happy. >> they were proud. >> really. >> normally apathetic voters showed up to the polls in droves and mohamed morsi, a little known member of the muslim
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brother hood became president. but when morsi gave himself unlimited power, they came again. and this time the military swept in and put one of their own in charge. >> they had a lot of hope, really. and the it times are changing. and then things just started to get worse and worse. >> all of that was snatched away. >> definitely. >> since the coup, a once shadowy general al -- has been crushing both liberals alike. >> i don't know if you heard
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when we were entering, everyone around us were talking about the economic crisis and how things are bad for them. >> sarah is a cairo journalist who covered the revolution and she explains had you under sisi the economy has gotten worse. the pound crashed, tourism and foreign investment disappeared. >> 4,000 egyptian pounds per month, around $400 per family and the rest live under that. >> most people are $100/200 a month. >> much less than that. i want you to talk about the economy because it's really bad. >> he's a fulawful vendor and says it's never been harder. >> 100 pounds to 290 pounds.
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more than quadrupled the price and this is poor people food. >> you can't raise your prices, can you? but even though he stopped us to complain, he refuses to blame the man in charge. >> he's telling you the government that's here is much better now than previous ones. >> really? he likes aceasy. maybe he spotside the policeman following or maybe he really believes in the isis fighting image but for the moment it seems the spirit of the revolution has been drain squld the while this once great city crumbles. entire neighborhoods are flooded with each big storm. >> they get to their apartments using boats but the government don't care. >> climate change is having
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troub troubles, even in the west, accepting it. so you can imagine here if it's in nature it's in god's hands. >> but this isn't the first time it's made for disaster. just off the coast of alexandria is an entire city lost beneath the sea but protected from grave robbers and looters, it's a miraculous find by the most unlikely of explorers and we're invited to come have a look. more renewable and clean energy resources because there are limits to the amount of fossil fuels that we can burn. since 1925, we have depended on diesel generators, burning approximately a million gallons of diesel fuel a year. our mission is to make off-shore wind one of the principle new sources of energy. not every bank is willing to get involved in a "first of its kind" project.
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citi saw the promise of clean energy and they worked really closely with us, the wind farm will lower power prices. we're polluting the air less. businesses and homes can rely on a steady source of power. block island wind farm is a catalyst- - this will be the first of may off-shore wind farms in the u.s. by listening to an thiaudiobook on audible.ame and this guy is just trying to get through the day. this guy feels like he can take on anything. this guy isn't sure he can take it anymore. unwavering self-confidence. stuck in a 4-door sedan of sadness. upgrade your commute. ride with audible. dial star star audible on your smartphone to start listening today.
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♪ long before alexander the great built this town and named it for himself, the most important city on the coast was somewhere out there. itercules and it stood as an ancient version of venice, a maze of inhabited islands with rich temples and a
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bustling port. but getting there today involves a short drive past many reminders that wealth and power are never forever. we haven't even reached the water yet. the place is full of shipwrecks. amazing to think about all of the great maritime battles going back to cleopatra, alexander the great, nepolian. but this is a modern sea port in egypt. we motor across the bay on seas so calm a fan tail catch as nap. i'm too excited to doez. full details of an old mosaic i saw, one of the oldest depictions of life on the delta,
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how they hunted and wurths.ed families right here. we could have made it by food or by donkey. but now the only way is through the research vessel of a guy named frank goadio. thank you. so great to be here, frank. the ship is a hive of activity. a united nations of an tick wuty. cuban, russian, american divers, french and egyptian archeologists, all buzzing with constant discovery. i barely poured my first cup of coffee and you're pulling out thousands year old art facts. >> 2,200, 2,250.
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>> and you're the first human beings to touch this. >>. >> zeus? >> yes, it's zeus. >> how common is it for you to find these? >> every day, every hour. >> his very best finds from delicate jewelry to mighty colosses. recently toured europe and headlines the british museum. this is your rosetta stone? >> yes. but it's in a better condition than the rosetta stone. >> incredible. >> even more incredible is that arciology was frank's hobby for most of his life. you were a policy wonk, a math
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stat statusstition nerd. just a guy at the desk,er working on numbers wu s wonderi what's beneath the sea. how did the archeologist world receive you? >> at the beginning i would say very well because i thought maybe i won't go very far. >> but this allowed him to think about underwater arciology in a whole new way. >> it's a systemic and organized approach. >> he spent more time in archives and libraries than at sea and it led him to incredible finds. important spanish gallians in asia. but in the back of his mind rattled rumors of something much
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bigger. >> i met some egyptian archeologists. and a very strange story about cities which had never been discovered. >> tales of an egyptian at lantus were little more than a myth but frank was relentless. >> the most difficult part of the job i would say is the survey time. because you will spend weeks, sometimes months and months scanning the area you have defined. and the team starts to doubt whether you goofed somewhere and this is hard time. >> for five years his team scanned the sea bed off alexandria until they came across a curious line of stones. it was a wall of a temple and under it they found a black stone perfectly carved,
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perfectly preserved. the commands of the pharaoh. >> the deskripgds of his majesty, its power, how good he is for the people covering egypt with gold and temples, bringing wealth to egypt to the gods, etc. >> the kind of billboard you might find today besgl but much stronger monopoly. >> the hirosglifices confirmed he had had found it. the city where kings became gods. where he brought the kidnapped helen of troy if the rumors are true. you found an entire city. >> it's an entire city with several temples, sanctuaries, ports. and in the shipwrecks we found a new one this morning which will
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be number 72. >> 72nd shipwreck you found just this morning. i just found another shipwreck. >> from the 6th century. >> dr. muhammad is the head of underwater antiquities. and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. >> we thought we'll have about 20/30 years to discover all the sites and now we're calculating 100 years or maybe more. >> it will take a century to find everything? >> yes. >> what do you make of the fact that it wasn't an egyptian and wasn't even an archeologist who made this discovery? >> he was not an egyptian, this is not problem. but a as a nonarcheologist, he
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has learning. it means he can smell where antiquities. >> he has nose for history? >> yes. but frank's nose has somehigh tech help. look how it sort of follows the contour of the ocean floor. wow, that gives you a whole different perpective. but what happened to this place? what ended these lives? frank says there are clues just below us and it is time to get wet. ♪watch this ♪
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♪watch this ♪ ♪watch this ♪ ♪watch this [don't stop me nowhad by queen]me sir. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
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the corn eesh is a poneiant back drop for relic hunters like erick. >> sometimes you come to the surface on a calm day and you can see the people riding bikes,
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in their horse drawn buggies and hear their voices and see all those buildings, 6 million people and yet here on the bottom is another city, same city that disappeared. and it makes you wonder do they think about it ever? do they wonder? >> welcome to thonarthonasthatl. clueless to the columns, crockery. bones and ghosts just 20 feet below. we float in the belly of a ship
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that sailed the nile centuries before cleopatra took her own life. wow. that was incredible. oh, my god. i feel like a soggy salty indiana jones. so good. so good. >> the shipwreck, the timbers of it, the way they fanned out, the way you could see the contours of this 2200-year-old ship, it was so amazing. and pick up pieces of pottery that probably held figs or olives or wine. you can piece them back together and it's everywhere.
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the whole bottom of the ocean is like a bull went through pottery barn. wow. that was cool. when your working on these objects do you imagine the people who built them who own them? >> yes. >> your great, great, great, great, great, great grandmother maybe lived here, right? >> yes.
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>> that's sha rene bringing a bit of history back to life. cataloguing what looks like an ancient garage sale. both are proud egyptians. >> i think it's used for. >> perfume? >> yeah. >> but whoever dabed that scent behind her ears wouldn't recognize the nile delta today. >> the city was on land of course. 110 square kilometer of land sank. >> that's over 40 square miles of land sinking into the delta inch by inch over the centuries until all at once it crashed into the drink. temple columns, sinking ships as they fell. >> it was an earth quake followed by a tidal wave. >> tsunami. >> and the land sank as a final
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liquefaction and it went down more and stayed forgotten. >> are you finding bones too? >> animal bones from offerings. very few human bones but a few of them. does that mean people got out in time? >> no. >> so it was a disaster? >> yes. it was very, very fast in a fraction of a second a few seconds. >> you can picture the human beings, the families that set their tables the day the big one hit. it's fascinating, it's a little bit eery, especially consider that alexandria is just as seismic now as then and the seas are rising even faster. how long before archeologists
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were studying those art acts. >> how many times did the city sink before the last time? over and over through recorded history we have these cataclysmic events that occur. so we know it's going to happen again. it already happened to them. and you wonder were they lackadaisical and are we in not considering? >> hubris, right? it's likely alexander the great new heracleon was doomed. humanity has -- the delta that feeds north africa. next stop the trip to the original bread basket for a taste of life and death on the nile. (vo) it would be great if human beings
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were great at being human. and if all of mankind were made up of kind women and kind men. it would be spectacular if the golden rule was golden to every man. and the good things that we ever did was everything that we can. (vo 2) treating others like we'd like to be treated has always been our guiding principle.
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the river nile. the carotid artery of africa. over 4,000 miles it winds through 11 countries until egypt. where it fans like a lotus flower before hitting the mediterranean. it turns sand into bread for 40 million people who live around here. it grows fruit and veggies, flour and cotton for countless others in the world and you understand why the god of the nile is also the god of fertility. ♪
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how long have you been farming this land? he grows apples, pomegranates and oranges. >> auwhat's different now from when you were a boy? >> blames salination, mysterious disease of water. says he's lost some of his apple crop this year. any help from the government? you're on your own. children? grandchildren? what do you think will happen to them? what will this land look like when they're your age?
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>> a few miles away, magdi and his five brothers farm a seaside strip, not far from where they found the rosetta stone. >> you are really seaside farmers. look at this. his family grows watermelons, tomatoes and cucumbers in the sandy soil. desperately reliant on rains that haven't come as needed the last four years. so families will often pull their savings and drill wells to tap the nile delta aquafer which only makes things worse. you see that fresh water
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underground is holding back the mediterranean sea. pumping it up create a pressure that pulls the salt water inland and nothing turns cropland to wasteland like salt. since they can't grow enough to survive as farmers, they all have second jobs and they catch whatever they can from the sea and sky. this is how you put protein on the table in this part of egypt. these nets are here to catch migrating quail, although they tell me they catch about 5% of what they used to in the old days which makes them all the more dependent on their crops which are threatened by rising seas and this is their sea wall. it may look like just reeds going out of the sand, they buy a bundle for about 10 cents, threat wind create a dune and
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then they pray to allah. scientists say the seas are going to rise. does that worry you? god's looking out for you. do you get any help from the government when it comes to protecting your crops? the coastal research institute is the egyptian agency in charge of these looming problems. what an interesting place to meet where the nile meets the med. when asked to see how they're handtling the threats, he points to this sea wall built by the chinese decades ago and for the first time one piece of high tech equipment to measure the changes. what worries you the most? rising seas, the sinking delta, over population?
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>> so you have one up and running right now? >> right now, one, yeah. >> and plans for two more? >> two more at least. this according to our limited budget. >> this is the guy that controls that budget. egypt's minister of the environment. >> the environment is a mirror. you see in it the major features of the society, whether it is political, economic, whatever. it's only a mirror. it just reflects the kind of society -- >> and what do you feel when you look in that mirror? >> i'm seeing that -- good medics doesn't change the situation. so really i think what we need is a major surgery. >> he believes richer countries like the united states share the responsibility of protecting people here.
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>> we're not the one that raised the temperature. we're not the one that changed climate. you're the one that did that and have to suffer. we suffer most and more than other parts of the world. >> alexandria. >> yeah. >> how much of that city do you think >> how much can be saved? >> i think that's a part of the city was in danger, and the city was in danger before that. but at least it's not going to go under water for many -- we have better technologies. the problem is not whether we have the technology or not. the problem is whether you can afford them or not and afford them at the right time. and here where we need the help. here is one case of where we can see that people and countries that were causing the problem,
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they should come and help us in facing the consequences. that does not main we're going to wait until you come. we have to address the problem. and we will address the problem. but it is fair that we share the cost. >> the united states already gives more than a billion dollars a year to egypt, most of it spent on weaponry. there was a time when america could have used that relationship to share climate science here. but times changed. the u.s. elected a climate science skeptic, and his very first call of congratulations came from president ci ci. he is the most interesting man in the world.
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and he's building a statue for the most interesting fan of college football. i once dated a mascot... janet. i do touchdown dances for cardio. hooo. get my pump on. stay thirsty mis amigos. i am totally blind. and non-24 can make me show up too early... or too late. or make me feel like i'm not really "there." talk to your doctor, and call 844-234-2424.
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by listening to an thiaudiobook on audible.ame and this guy is just trying to get through the day. this guy feels like he can take on anything. this guy isn't sure he can take it anymore. unwavering self-confidence. stuck in a 4-door sedan of sadness. upgrade your commute. ride with audible. dial star star audible on your smartphone to start listening today.
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egyptian civilization has endured more than 5,000 years of conquests and challenges. they are survivors, and for most this requires a hardy sense of humor and constant complaining. >> we have a nostalgia problem in the city. it really burdens the individual that everything was better, even some might tell you two years ago was better. but there's always this, you know, chronic illinous to try and escape the present. and nobody wants to exist in this present. >> right. >> amru ali is one of egypt's leading intellectuals, an affectionate critic of his own
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lab. >> they said we wish we could return to clepap tru. >> the good old day. >> there's all these issues. these are all real. that is true. but life goes on in the sense that people know how to find joy, people know how to find happiness. the romans prevented the egyptians from practicing law, and that was because the egyptians made too many wisecracks in court. not because of -- >> they were smart asses. >> but humor is harder to come by these days. bossom usef -- and when president sisi said he wish he
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could get everyone spare change -- this meme went viral. >> it's never really -- just cannot control this whole, you know, alternate universe in egypt. it's just too widespread. >> and so they crack wise on the street, grumble between puffs. and they still have twitter and the megaphone revolution. he was able to share an original song of protest, when this man saw our camera. >> there was a dramatic, total dramatic change in 2011 of people's perception.
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it changed people's perception, their sense of entitlement, their hopes, their aspirations. >> it's been hard to find people who would speak out critically of this place. do you fear reprisal for talking? >> it's never easy. you do have to think about it and reconsider the choices and so forth. but i have seen so much happen in the past five years. one thing evolution portrays is never to fear again. using wisdom of course and all that, but too much has happened. too much blood has been spilled. too much, you know, censorship has happened. and i want to see that restoration or some continuation on that journey by ultimate means. >> back when horacklion was a thriving city, egypt had a
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population of about 4 million. when these kids are my age it'll be 150 million. what will be lost by them? what will be found? and how much history are we doomed to repeat? motivational speaker: prosperity is productivity, not just hard work. you can be very hardworking and still be broke if you are not productive. [ drumming ] your life condition today is an outcome of choices and decisions made in time past. good choice, bad choices, easier

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