tv The Nineties CNN December 9, 2017 6:00pm-7:00pm PST
imagine what it was like back when the rolling stones shocked parents everywhere. >> i see pusy hus hadling, i see killing. that's what i talk about. >> nirvana and kirk koebane speak to that. >> boom, there it is. platinum record. >> the honeymoon's over. now we're getting down to real commerce. >> aren't these girls just
you may think of it as the channel that rattles your china, occasionally your teeth and hip mus its your children. mtv is responsible for a complete revolution in the music business in this country. ♪ it's as if there were just one national radio channel for new songs. >> you've got poison, rat, warrant ♪ a lot of hair spray going on. it's not particularly deep music but with mtv pulshing it, it was best selling. >> they looked a certain way, they played a kind of music and expected to have a certain facade.
>> those who do watch buy records, tapes and they buy what they see the most. recently aerosmith dropped by mtv's new offices to screen their video and big bags of cash. >> we would have our music meeting and iticide who was going to get put into it new rotation. i was a 21-year-old kid who loved punk rock and pretty quickly reerized the music they were playing wasn't what i was into. with the new nirvana video was delivered to mtv i was completely blown away. i said listen, they really are incredible we need to give them a shot. and if doesn't work you can push me out of the meeting. >> smells like teen spirit. ♪
>> it's like the musical kennedy assassination of our time. everybody who was alive then can tell you the moment they heard that song because nothing like that existed to that point. it was really transcendent. ♪ here we are now entertain us >> here we are now entertain us. it's not like a threat. it sounded like different generation coming in and saying what do you have for us? what are you going to do for us? >> the so-called slackers, generation x, they were not being paid attention to and this pressure was building up, especially in the music industry for something that actually spoke to them. >> this is the first american generation that will make less than their parents did and i think the band and kirk cobane
in particular reflect that angst. he had had an ability to scream just in tune. it given a intensity that was unique. they gave the record industry a wake-up call, so start looking for the people with the clothes in the holes in the knees and you better run to those clubs to buy up the next one. >> i would go to the club and see bands like screaming trees and it was such a refreshing change from the competitive sort of l.a. hollywood 80s and it was just suddenly so cool to be from seattle. bands like pearl jam from seattle washington. ♪
>> why don't you tell me it biggest nis conception? >> gruchg bands. >> tell me about it seattle music scene? >> no one's ever asked us that before. >> we've never heard that question. so tell me about the seattle sound. what's going on up there? what's in the water? ♪ ♪ have i got a little story for you what you thought was your daddy ♪ >> nirvana, pearl jam they wanted no interest in the music machine and there they were selling millions of records.
♪ i i'm still alive >> a little bit overwhelming to see this many people. we're used to playing small clubs, you know and we want to go back to playing small clubs. >> alternative rock tour kicked off thursday night. it's a multi-act package called the lollapalooza tour. ♪ >> 1991 we were it first band on stage at the first ever lollapalooza which was a tremendous thing for my band and i. >> it's cool. >> the idea you could get this important and popular bands from the underground, james addiction, nine inch nail,
soundgarden, red hot chili peppers and get them all together. it felt like a really new idea. >> by the mid-90s it's already parodied by "the simpsons." >> oh. like woodstock only with advertisements everywhere and tons of security guards. >> it is in the american lexicon. >> the commercial culture co-opted the counterculture. >> the honeymoon's over. now down to real commerce and, and there's a certain kind of disillusionment going on. >> since i got everything i wanted i could put a zero after the number of record sales i've had. play 200 instead of 2,000 and be on mtv 1,000 times rather than want month. thought i'd reach the goals and find some sort of peace and i didn't. i'm more miserable now than i ever was. ♪ (vo) it would be great if human beings
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♪ welcome to the weekend rock. it was week lit up in a large way by the release of "in utero," a much anticipated third album by nirvana. >> walmart is refusing to sell nirvana's new release including a song called "rape me." the chain wants to be sensitive to its customers moral standards. >> to get into walmart they had to change the title from "rape me" to waif me." kurt wanted to maintain punk authenticity and also wanted to be popular. ♪ rape me >> the star-making machine had sucked nirvana up into its evil guts, and now they had to deal with it.
>> we decided to lay low and obviously that was -- you know, someone would say, oh, because kurt's on heroin the whole time. it was just like -- it's been really damaging to us. tell you the truth. it's really affected my personal life a lot. [ applause ] >> i was in the front row of the unplugged performance, and it was a serious artistic statement. kurt didn't play the hits. those songs were chosen for a particular reason. ♪ my girl, my girl don't lie ♪ to me ♪ tell me when did you sleep last night ♪ >> i remember watching him play the cover of "a lead belly song" where did you sleep last night?" it was emotional for me because i love nirvana and i felt a connection to kurt cobain and even when i was young i was so worried about him. ♪ my girl, my girl >> in that era, the speculation of kurt's not doing well. kurt has drug problems.
and nirvana unplugged was this kind of thing, like, the clouds parted. you know? seemed like everything was going to be okay. ♪ night through [ cheers and applause ] >> from seattle tonight, word of an untimely death. >> the lead singer of nirvana shot and killed himself at his home in seattle, washington, today. >> it didn't come as a major surprise, but it was -- devastating, because of the way it happened. >> i pulled over and i was there like 20 minutes, half an hour just crying right there. >> i just don't understand it. that's all. >> i think he was the closest that his generation came to a john lenin. >> yes. >> in that he was writing very much from the heart, directly, and he didn't play according to the rules. >> i was 16 when that happened. and if you turned to music for
solace in your life, to then see your hero kill himself, it was devastating. it certainly sucked the air out of alternative rock. you know, the best band be fell apart after only making a couple records. you know? what do you do after that? ♪ >> oasis, his was the hangover of grunge. my head's pounding. insane. let's turn on oasis. ♪ no ♪ your my >> the opposite of nirvana, because they wanted fame. you know? no matter hue big they were they wanted to be bigger. >> we know we're the best band in the country. simple as that. it's that simple. >> the thing about oasis in a way they have no kind of, no false modesty. >> how can anybody go we're
the -- it's like -- anybody's who's got the balls to do that is good in my book. ♪ >> "creep" came out in the early '90s. as much of an alt rock hit as any of the nirvana or pearl jam songs but hardly extraordinary. >> inevitably, the first song that become as hit everybody characterizes the band from that. we have to wait and see whether we have a chance to prove we're not just that. >> okay. ♪ >> i remember vividly listening to radiohead's next record, "the bends" nonstop and seriously geek out on every part, the bass line, percussion, every tiny little nuance. ♪ ♪ don't leave me dry >> this week releasing a new album, critics are chirping with praise, too.
♪ >> "ok computer" is like "dark side of the moon" of the '90s. showed this is going to be the defining band of the next 25 years. >> you could tell the whole story of the evolution of what came out of grunge through radio head, and what came out of alternative through beck. ♪ in the time of chimpanzees i was a monkey ♪ >> i was always interested in hip-hop. non-linear word connections. ♪ i'm a loser, baby, so why don't you kill me ♪ >> beck is defining what's happening now with that mesh of styles. mixing electronic, country, rap, rock 'n' roll everything. everything. throwing the kitchen sink in.
♪ >> out of the ashes of nirvana dave created the foo fighters. >> first time i actually front add band, stood up and sing charismatic, which i can't do, but i need to just keep playing and making music. ♪ looking to the sky to save me ♪ looking for a sign ♪ looking for something to help me turn out right ♪ >> in an era everything was serious, a heavy tone especially after kurt cobain's death, the foo fighters create a music video and find a perfect balance between making people laugh with also having the ability to play incredible rock music. ♪ [ cheers and applause ] thank you clients? well jd power did just rank them
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because getting what you need should be simple, fast, and easy. download the xfinity my account app or go online today. the down home music once the preserve of cowboys and rednecks is well on its way to becoming the sound of the '90s. >> one of the things overlooked by all of this rock 'n' roll explosion going on was country music. these acts were putting out good music, touring constantly around the country, and building up a fan base. ♪ blame it all on my roots
i showed up in boots and ruined your black-tie affair ♪ >> when they asked people their favorite singer, number one in the nation was garth brooks. are you surprised by that? >> yes, sir. i guess my family knew they would be asking the questions and got there to answer before i did. ♪ where the whiskey drowns and the beer chases my blues away ♪ >> living in mississippi, country was a huge part of my life, and it was all because of garth brooks. the first time i ever saw him in concert, i was probably 10 or 11 years old. ♪ to the oasis >> i said that is exactly what i want to do. >> the biggest and fastest selling musical artist ever. >> he's been described as a cross between john wayne and mick jagger. the looks of a cowboy and moves of a rock 'n' roll star.
>> that's what people liked about rock shows, everybody singing along. >> the acts became less twangy that expanded their audience. artists like george strait or brooks & dunn, plenty of acts worked their way up and became massive. >> over the last two years country music has taken over the airwaves and record charts with over $2 billion in sales and climbing. >> as the boom in the music takes hold, western wear dealers can't keep up with demand. >> you have kids, a house payment and these people are more like you are than madonna is. ♪ is there life out there so much she hasn't done ♪ >> women in country was huge thing in the '90s. reba mcentire, martina mcbride, the dixie chicks, shania twain. ♪ let's go girls >> i was very attracted to her but found out i just wanted to
be her best friend. ♪ prerogative to have a little fun and, oh, oh, oh ♪ totally crazy ♪ >> in all fields in our society now women, i wouldn't say dominating. i think that they're just rising to their true place. ♪ i feel like a woman [ cheers ] >> as things war on it became a great decade to be a girl. ♪ >> after years of singing backup for such stars as michael jackson and rod stewart, she exploded on to the music scene in 1993 with her album "tuesday night music club." ♪ all i want to do is have some fun i got a feeling i'm not the only one ♪ >> radio has been so long in coming playing female artists. so it's definitely a different sort of environment and attitude now. ♪ if it makes you happy
>> artists like sheryl crow, liz fair, had success but routine been marginalized within every aspect of the industry. >> there was not a lot of space in pop culture for a young woman's thoughts, feelings, voices, respected or taken seriously. ♪ i'm just a girl >> such a strange dichotomy to gwen stefani, kind of tough and front of a band of all guys. ♪ that you let me be >> i'm just a girl in the world and that's all that you'll let me be. like the middle finger up to every guy that ever annoyed you. >> look who's here. alanis. >> ran in together. >> shopping, thought we'd take you with us. alanis has a brand new album, brand new look i noticed. >> i was dropped from mc records after having made records through my teens and my personal promise i wouldn't stop until i wrote a record that really every
exemplified and named on the head what was truly going on for me. ♪ is she perverted like me would she go down with you in a theater ♪ >> like what did she say? women could say that? and, yeah, they could. singing about a relationship that had obviously gone wrong but it wasn't a nice, oh, my god, you let me i'm sad. this was rage at this man. you didn't hear that a lot from women. ♪ to remind you of the mess you left me in when you went away ♪ it's not fair ♪ >> in america alone, jagged little pill sells 50 million albums. it's alanis' moment. ♪ yeah, yeah, yeah, you oughta know ♪ >> over the last four years learned to you how write for my own reasons and write for myself and ironic the moment i started
doing that was the moment most people related to it. ♪ an old man turned 98 >> you know, that egocentric tendency on my part and perhaps everyone's part to think you're alone in your pain. i quickly realized i was not alone and that millions of other people were feeling along with me. people were tired of sublimating, being inauthentic about their real experience and conforming. there was a door that busted open, and i was on the crust of the wave. ♪ it's like rain on your wedding day ♪ it's a free ride ♪ on your ♪ >> "ironic" really funny. what she was talking about wasn't ironic at all but she was one of the big stars of the '90s. there's lots of other women making music, too. let's celebrate all of it. >> the latest trend in rock 'n' roll. women. last night some of the top female artists took the stage to
launch lillith fair, a series of summer concerts rocking the world and shatters misconceptions. >> a lot of the summer festivals are male dominated and i thought it wasn't representational of all the music out there. a way to even the scales a little bit. ♪ i went to the doctor i went to the mountains ♪ i looked to the children ♪ i drank from the fountain ♪ there's more than one answer to these questions ♪ >> lillith fair was incredibly powerful -- it validated a lot.
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♪ gangsta, original gangsta gangsta rap, the angriest time glorifying brutality and sex. >> gangsta rap takes hold in the 1990s. people moving way from public enemy from the '80s and much more into reality rap and street rap ♪ the police coming straight from the underground ♪ >> the group nwa is the hottest
most in your face of the gangsta-style rappers. one song blasts the police in the most obscene terms. >> and write the raps, right? and me and my boy hook up a good beat and feel goes good with the rap. boom. there it is. platinum records. >> and it's the biggest hip-hop band there is at that point. >> first time i heard nwa, ice is okay. the rest is garbage. pretty much the thought of most in the -- ♪ dre step to the door >> you're not coming in as the new kid and decide this is the thing. east coast is thing of hip-hop and always have a say where hip-hop goes. ♪ mad thinking about stomping >> you going to continue making a lot of money off this? >> long as it's violence it's going to be rap music, gangsta
rap music, whatever. >> nwa was always too hot to hold. to splinter. the first person walks away, ice cube. ♪ tried to kill me >> same reason ice cube left the group is reason i left. tired of making other people money. it's my turn. ♪ tonight's the night i get in some -- ♪ >> suge knight said to dr. dre, let's start our own record label. >> 6'3", 330-pound body guard, one of the most feared men in the music business. >> you go to dr. dre, makes beats better than anybody. this guy delivers a hit. >> dre put out his first solo album "the chronic." not only do you get dre but snoop dogg.
♪ >> ooh, boy. snoop doggie dogg and dre -- they knock it down. >> 70% of rap music including gangsta rap was purchased by whites. >> growing up in st. paul, minnesota, my friends and i thought compton and south central must be the coolest places in the world based on this music. >> other music is like a fairy tale story. we could hear somebody else's history basically an understand where they're coming from. ♪ bow wow wow yippy yi yippy yea ♪ >> making it available to everybody. a hip-hop tsunami and we didn't see it coming. >> death row records going to be the next motown. chronic is the foundation and we going to keep on rolling until the house is finished. ♪ it's the bow to the wow and snoop doggie dogg ♪ >> the handful of rap super
stars are not just singing about being mean and nasty and ambitious. they're accused of living up to their lyrics. ♪ all respect to those >> tupac shakur, rap star and movie star arrested in new york and charged with sodomy and sexual assault. atlanta cops arrested tupac less than a month earlier for shooting two off-duty police officers. >> tupac was languishing in jail waiting for appeal where suge knight swooped in and basically offered to pay his bail if he signed a contract. >> death row, you will see. through a pickup and you will be -- paid one of these days. >> even though he was an east coast guy by birth, he's now rapping on the west coast with the label death row. ♪ from dre, the streets of l.a. from oakland, the bay area and back down cali is where they put their mac down ♪ >> suge was trying to expand
death row all over the country but who controlled most of the music in the east at that time? bad boy. >> freddie's here. >> oh, what up? >> lady. >> what's going on? >> everything. it's all good in the hood. >> sean "puffy" combs founded badboy and biggie smalls his marquee artist, modeled their song on kinds of a gangsta rap for the east coast. ♪ come over tell your friends i got the chronic ♪ ♪ i love you when you call me big pop ♪ throw your hands in the air ♪ >> i make music about what i know. know what i'm saying? if i worked in mcdonald's i'd have made rhymes about big macs and fries. i see hustling, gambling, girls, cars. that's what i rap about. what's in my environment. >> and the winner is -- notorious --
>> b.i.g.! >> puff daddy in the house. >> i hosted that. mayhem almost broke out in that place that night. >> any of y'all want to be an artist and stay a star and don't want to worry about the producer trying to be all in the video, all on the record, dancing -- come to death row. >> suge calls puffy out. never mentions his name but everybody knows he's talking about puffy. >> the idea of a territorial beef is now being drawn out in front of your eyes in realtime. that was hip-hop the funeral. how did you do that?
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...and help you feel more strength and energy in just two weeks! i'll take that. -yeeeeeah! ensure high protein. with 16 grams of protein and 4 grams of sugar. ensure. always be you. rap star tupac shakur died last night after a brief life in a rough business. he was 25. >> shakur has been at the center of a battle between east and west coast rappers. >> for the second time in six months, a star in the often brutal world of gangsta rap has been gunned down. >> music industry sources on the west coast suspect that small's death may in some way be payback for the september killing of rap star tupac shakur. >> when tupac and biggie were
assassinated, a watershed moment i think in hip-hop culture. kind of the death of a revolution. >> these two men were two of the most successful rap artists in the industry. phenomenally wealthy. why are we seeing this happen? >> they talked of trying to break out of the violence but trapped in the world they created. forced to keep it real, and that's a sad commentary. >> i remember seeing news reports how violent it was, remember seeing editorials, how can we let our children listen to this when these artists are killed at an incredible rate? and i thought rap was going to end. >> at least one radio station here in los angeles which made a lot of money from gangsta rap music has stopped playing it. >> we lost two of the greatest artists in hip-hop history. that vacuum was there for a while. okay. what are we going to do? ♪ seems like yesterday we used to rock the show ♪ ♪ lock the floor, so far from hanging on the door ♪ notorious, they got ♪
>> "i'll be missing you" was diddy's song about b.i.g. suddenly, damn, puffy's going to be a legitimate solo act and enters the next phase of hip-hop ♪ every step i take >> a sampling and then there's sampling. to take the "every breath i take" police sample and rap over it, puff daddy finds a way to appeal to young listeners and their parents. ♪ i'm coming >> and everybody wants to party. ain't nothing rock with partying? puff daddy built an empire out of it. ♪ >> the sound shifted and the use of samples exploded. problems, diana ross simple an older crowd could hear and say that sounds familiar to me. maybe this isn't all bad ♪ as i croak i see the smoke ♪ >> and julio's gangster paradise a heavier song but the hook is inviting.
♪ and get the gangster's paradise ♪ >> hip-hop hit a point it had become mainstream and starts appearing in other forms of music. a kind of rock rap happening. ♪ sometimes, something kicked >> there's hip-hop that can be found in pop music. ♪ harrison ford getting frantic and guaranteed to satisfy ♪ >> r&b and rap mixing for new jack swing ♪ ♪ new jack swing around town doesn't give a ♪ >> teddy wily was the big new jack swing producer and he produces everybody. ♪ all i want to do zoom, zoom and a boom, boom ♪ >> had record effect, his own guy, heavy d. and the boys. it all had this kind of rhythm that made you have to dance. ♪ going to get down, good lord >> new jack swing was someone that could sing with the level
of stevie wonder with the great beat background of a public enemy, and marry those two. ♪ baby i can get you with my ride i like the way you work it ♪ >> "no diggity" is the mast per piece of the new jack era. >> hip-hop was a male-dominated music. seriously. like, women were thought, you're not sexy -- ah. get outta here. not shaking ass. get out of here. ♪ i want to take a minute to give respect to the man that made a difference in my world ♪ >> and female artists, not until salt 'n' pepa, and that blew the doors off of it ♪ what a man what a man what a mighty fine man ♪ >> opened up the door, well, who else are females rapping? oh. mc light. ♪ can i get a >> who you calling a bitch? >> oh. who's this queen latifah girl?
and later on, oh, who's this missy? ♪ oh, missy try to maintain >> they were respected as artists. they didn't have to shake booty or wear low-cut blouse. changed the way we viewed things. ♪ >> to me the best two female >> to me the best two female mcs out of the '90s, missy elliot and lauryn hill. ♪ ah, the one hit it and called you again ♪ >> you see the role of women in hip-hop, is it changing? like yourself? >> something that's always been there. whether or not they got the, you know, the acknowledgement they should have, always been there. and just now maybe they'll truly be acknowledged. ♪ guys are only that thing, that thing ♪ >> she sings, she raps. there's heartache involved. it's all encompassed in one amazing piece of art.
>> lauryn hill. >> with her record-breaking fifth grammy win, lauryn hill echoed what many might have been thinking. >> this is crazy, because this is hip-hop music. know what i mean? >> she's going to be, big -- well, she already is a big star. five grammys. >> a lot of people think she's going to redefines connections. ♪ hi, kids. do you want me to see nine inch nails♪ >> em came, we sat back like this. what's this white boy doing? and then i really listened -- ♪ but i can't figure out which spice girl i want to ♪ >> i was like, whoa! >> ♪ slim shady >> and dre's behind it? he's in. he's in! >> he's not trying to be black. he's not pretending he has grate urban story. telling his story portraying lower middle class white life. which hip-hop had not done before. i think that's why he was so appealing to so many people. >> the kids in america that always had a sufficient amount
of money, and a different pair of clothes to wear to school each day of the week. those type of kids, they admire poor people that have nothing to lose. >> eminem saw the logical conclusion of 20 some and white kids now listening to hip-hop were now deciding we create our own thing. it's time to shake things up. with the capital one venture card, you get double miles on everything you buy, not just airline purchases. seriously, think of all the things you buy. great...is this why you asked me to coffee? well yeah... but also to catch-up. what's in your wallet?
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it's hot news for electronica, the techno dance genre touted as the next big musical thing. prodigy's new album enters the billboard pop chart at number one. ♪ >> up until the end of the '90s, dance music was just a deejay, it was a beat. then all of a sudden there's a face to it. the chemical brothers come up. >> this is very much the recycling age. is this music recycled? >> everything is second hand. you take things from different places and create something new with it. ♪ >> all of this stuff was going on at the same time. massive attack, moby, so you're seeing what we called electronica which is edm, which is techno really started to kind of take hold beyond dance clubs. ♪
all these artists end up laying the seeds for what would become a pretty huge revolution of music. ♪ >> everybody's talking about them and they're headed to america. it started with the beatles and then the stones, well, move over, boy, and roll over beethoven, the spice girls are coming. ♪ if you want to be my lover >> there's never been a group where every person had their own personality and every fan could choose a different one that they related to. and it was brilliant. ♪ taking is too easy ♪ but that's the way it is >> there needed to be some music to be the sorbet and the palate cleansing for the intensity of the earlier part of the '90s. >> the recording industry doesn't need to be told that it's a teen/teen world. >> there's about to be more teenagers than any other time in
america's history. teenagers wanted to be entertained. they wanted to have fun. ♪ even in my heart ♪ i see ♪ you're not being true to me >> the backstreet boys made a video for quit playing games with my heart. them in the rain, getting all wet, being all sexy. and it became a hit. ♪ quit playing games with my heart ♪ ♪ with my heart >> this is where it started right here, this house. the guys coming here doing vocal recording on a little recording machine i had. >> their manager lou perelman said i think i need another one of these. ♪ when we are apart ♪ i feel it too >> it was overwhelming to be, you know, 16 years old and have that many people trying to attack you. it was craziness.
and it felt like a dream. >> one by one the breathless few got their lucky autographs. most were missing school. many had mom as chaperones. >> all these people who would go on to be huge pop stars began on disney. so many people came out of the mickey mouse club. keri russell, justin timberlake, christine aguilera, ryan gosling, britney spears. >> that's like the 1927 yankees in terms of pop. ♪ oh baby baby ♪ how was i supposed to know ♪ that something wasn't right here ♪ >> teenagers are the biggest consumers of music and brittany has become their queen. ♪ not that innocent ♪ oops i did it again >> britney was the madonna whereas christina was like the mariah. ♪ i'm a genie in a bottle
>> christina, you know, very tiny girl, she's under 5 feet. when she opened her mouth, it was like this burst of like wind came through your hair. you were like, that voice is coming out of that girl? >> the end of the '90s is a really precarious strange time for music because mtv stops playing music videos and starts doing reality television programming which everyone is like, that's never going to take off. >> music would be as much or more in people's lives than it ever had been, but the economics of it would vanish. ♪ another turning point ♪ a fork stuck in the road ♪ time grabs you by the wrist ♪ directs you where to go >> the '90s represented being who you are. this is the kind of music i'm going to make and i don't care who likes it and who doesn't like it, and i'm not going to sound like anybody else. this is who i am.
>> people were starving for authenticity, they were starving for what the real experience was, the messy, chaotic, fallible experience of being human. and the '90s gave complete green light permission for that to be explored. >> you talk about this band a lot. oh, wait a minute. you can't talk about the '90s without this one and this one and this one, where there's so many monumental bands, one after another. that's the '90s. ♪ take the photographs in still frames in your mind ♪ ♪ hang it on a shelf and get up in good time ♪ ♪ for what it's worth ♪ it was worth all the while ♪ it's something unpredictable ♪ but in the end it's right ♪ i hope you had the time of your life ♪
>> that's all. don't touch that dial. we're to be flip it for you. >> in five, four, three, two. >> tv is changing dramatically now with 150 channels that might be available in the near future. >> there's a lot of things that we do that you couldn't have on network television. >> people are really trying to do something adventurous. >> shame on you! >> this is more celebration of culture and opening the doors and allowing america to come on inside. >> there is always something on television and some of it may be better than we deserve. >> that was cool. ♪