tv CNN Newsroom With Brooke Baldwin CNN January 1, 2020 11:00am-12:00pm PST
even me. and i apologize for yesterday. >> the pope making his way to the nativity scene at center of the vatican it when this happened and he later used his message to denounce violence against women. the woman has not been identified. that's is for me. we continue our coverage right now. good afternoon. i'm at lech marquardt. happy new year. brooke baldwin deservedly has the day off. welcome to a special holiday edition of "cnn newsroom." we start with president trump kicking off 2020 facing two immediate global crises. the first in iraq where iranian-backed protesters are retreating after violently attacking the u.s. embassy in the capital of baghdad. that tense standoff is far from over. secretary of state mike pompeo announcing he will postpone a highly anticipated trip abroad this week. that one include add stop in
ukraine in order to monitor the ongoing situation. earlier today u.s. marines firing off tear gas canisters as demonstrators for the second day in a row set fires and tried to scale the compound walls. right now, u.s. soldiers and marines keeping watch over the embassy. the president ordering more u.s. troops to the region warning that if things escalate and war with iran happens, it would "go very quickly." then there's north korea. kim jong-un no longer committing to limiting the development of nuclear weapons. now claiming to unveil what he calls new strategic weapons. so start first with baghdad where we find our senior national correspondent arwa damon. these protesters retreated. we've seen video of that, but this really does highlight significant issues and concerns about what may happen next. >> reporter: it really does, alex. look, we were down there a short
while ago, and it's quite surprising and shocking that we were able to still go through all of the checkpoints and this is an area where normally either you need an escort or the proper badge to be able to get into, but the fact that these protesters were able to just waltz through to a certain degree, attack the u.s. embassy over the course of about 24 hours setting things on fire, attempting to breach the walls goes to the very core of a number of very complex problems here. first of all, take a look at who these protesters are. they're not your normal, ordinary protesters. they are members of or supporters of this paramilitary unit that's called the popular mobilization force. it is made up of a number of former iraqi shia militias who have been historically backed,
armed, funded, trained by iran during the u.s. occupation of iraq and it was one of these groups that was the target of those u.s. strikes on sunday. so when this force went through, in the words of run iraqi security forces member who we spoke to earlier today outside of the embassy, he said, what were we supposed to do? to actually try to stop them? potentially could have escalated the situation into the kind of blood bath they would not have been able to potentially dial back. while we were down there, we also ran into the minister of interior who said, oh, our forces are here now. we're protecting the embassy. when we asked, well, where were they the last 24 hours, he claimed it took them quite some time to rally the troops. and then, of course, you have the group that was the target of those u.s. striked sunday. their spokesperson saying they decided to finally withdraw,
because, they said, america received their message, and he said that this was not over just yet. they were going to keep an eye on what's happening in iraqi parliament, giving parliament a chance to, within the iraqi legal framework, do whatever it needs to do to fulfill kataib hezbollah's demand, that is for americans to leave. >> demonstrators claiming a victory as they did leave. see what happens next. arwa damon at the iraqi capital, thanks. perspective from back here in the u.s. with me, boris sanchez, cnn correspondent and former counsel under president obama. first to you. president trump as protests were sparked directly blamed iran for them, we've now heard from the iranian supreme leader ayatollah
co-me khamenei tweeted that president trump couldn't do anything. a big price. what is the white house saying about what could happen next? >> yeah, alex. the white house telling us they're closely monitoring the situation, very concerned, they could see an escalation of hostilities going into the first day of the new year. they're a little relieved that so far things tamped down compared to yesterday. they have put a lot of faith in those iraqi leaders to protect u.s. personnel and property. the president, though, with his rhetoric really walking a fine line here. last night at a christmas eve party at mar-a-lago making clear he wants peace, doesn't want conflict but reverting back to what we saw earlier in the day in the tweet you mentioned saying he's not warning iran. he is threatening them, adding that any conflict with iran would not last very long that it would be a decisive victory for the united states. alex? >> boris, ask you about this other news that just came in. secretary of state mike pvrp
p. pompeo delaying a trip to ukraine that was supposed to be a solidarity trip with president zelensky. why did he postpone the trip? >> the state department making clear this is about having all hands on deck to respond to the situation in iraq. for some time we've seen a bit of a slowdown in the escalation between the united states and iran. now that it's heating up again, implications could be massive. the president repeatedly said he does not want to engage in a major conflict in the middle east. he's criticized the war in iraq, talked about withdrawing troops from afghanistan, but a conflict with iran would require a dedication of immense blood and treasure from the united states in the middle east. so having secretary pompeo close by is a big deal for the president going into what is a very delicate situation, alex. >> someone else commenting, special eptive for iran brine
hobrine -- brian hook said this earlier. >> 40 years ago they stormed our embassy here we are 40 years later and they're directing these terrorist groups to then attack our embassy. so the president took very decisive action and put in place the necessary force protections and for our people, our diplomats and our embassy, and it was the right thing to do and today the situation is much better. >> that reference to 40 years ago, of course, storming the embassy in tehran. sam, comes to iran especially now, always a risk of escalation, how significantly higher do you think that risk is now? >> well, the risk is higher not only because being engaged in a war of words, no helpful with the president and the iranian regime. the risk on the ground is quite high why everything that comes out of the president's mouth or or twitter needs to be carefully vetted. ongoing threats to personnel at the embassy at baghdad and
likely in beirut as well i imagine and throughout the region. we have seen over the past few years, alex, that iran retains the ability to launch really asymmetric attacks on land, sea and in the air. via were proxies and directly. this is their asymmetric advantage. they are willing to do things that we are not willing to do. like attack civilians. that threat will continue, and the question is, as we maintain maximum pressure campaigns, as iran does feel cornered because of sanctions that the united states ream posed, what off ramp we are giving them while we engage in this militarization of the middle east. we can send tens of thousands more troops to the middle east, and the president and secretary of state pompeo are wise to deploy more assets to baghdad right now, but that is not going to stop iran's ability to continue these asymmetric attacks. >> yes. i want to talk about that. of course, every u.s. embassy around the world is guarded by a contingent of u.s. marines. last night president trump
ordered deployment of 750 more soldiers from the u.s. army's 82nd airborne division from fort bragg, north carolina. that move made before the protesters cleared out today. as many as 4,000 more troops are being prepared for another possible deployment in the next several days. boris, we know president trump has repeatedly promised to bring troops home. what are they, what is the white house saying about their plans for these troops in the region? >> yeah. no real clarity yet. the president talked about withdrawing troops from afghanistan. he withdrew u.s. troops from syria. saw how that ended up. it's a delicate situation. as noted before, the president has sort of campaigned on this platform of withdrawing troops and sort of minimizing the u.s. presence in the region. in part because he's a big critic of what he calls forever wars, but, of course, with this maximum pressure campaign on iran through sanctions and through his rhetoric, it's difficult not to see a further
escalation and, again, a sensitive time for the president. one that requires a measured use of language, but he is continuing to bellicose rhetoric, alex. >> switching gears to north korea. kim jong-un now no longer saying that he's going to limiting north korea's nuclear and ballistic biffle development and planning to unveil what he call as new strategic weapon in the near future. also we've heard from the former national security advisers john bolton who says, "the u.s. should fully resume all canceled or downsized military exercises in south korea, hold congressional hearings whether u.s. troops are truly weather to fight." of course, bolton and trump at odds. bolton, we've heard him blasting trump's policy on north korea. sam, your thoughts where we stand with north korea and what we're hearing from the north korean dictator? >> well, kim jong-un is saying out loud what our intelligence
community assessed about a year ago. that north korea would not denuclearize. president trump referred to a contract signed with kim jong-un saying kim jong-un would keep his word. that is clearly not happening. the question, how are we responding to this? we've give's diplomacy more than a chance and at this juncture we have to look at other things. it is a fact as recently as this month the pentagon scaled down or postponed really these joint military exercises to try to give diplomacy more space and time. it is unclear whether our force readiness is where it should be, because of the postponement of those exercises. that security piece is key and at the same time, robert o'brien, who succeeded john bolton, is hopefully briefing the president on other options on the table to include potentially cyber -- offensive cyber operations, if that's possible.
as well as additional sanctions. you know, kim jong-un saying he's going to lift this moratorium means he is publicly announcing he will break more international laws. u.n. security resolutions prevent these tests. this is an important time to go to russia and china and to urge them to close sanctions loopholes so the president and his team need to be exploring all of these options. >> all right. iran, north korea, two major issues to kick off this new year. boris, sam, leave it there. thanks very much, and happy new year to you both. >> happy new year. just ahead, rudy giuliani spotted at the mar-a-lago new year's eve party. what he told reporters about what he could see his role being in the president's impeachment trial. plus -- papal patience? a woman in the crowd at vatican city grabbing ahold of the pope's hand and won't let go. how the pope responded.
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i'd give lectures, summations. or i'd do what i do best. i'd try the case. i'd love to try the case. >> he would do it all. let's discuss that with lauren fox, our cnn congressional reporter and joseph moreno, a former justice department and national security prosecutor. thank you both for joining me today. joe, start with you. rudy giuliani there speaking to the cameras as he went in to the new year's eve gall la at mar-a-lago saying he would testify. joe, you're a former prosecutor. is that a good or bad idea? >> alex, this is a terrible idea. first off, he said testify. so to your point, it sounds like rudy wants to be a witness for the president. then he also said, i would prosecute the case. i think he meant defend it. i don't know if he means he wants to be a witness or part of the defense team. that said, i don't know if mayor giuliani has try add case in something like 40 years. based on his performance in interviews, even friendly
interviews, he seems to lack the train of thought and stra teagueic mind to get through a short stance of questions must less a trial. the president shouldn't let him get anywhere near this trial. >> lauren, you know better than anybody, on the hill, president's supporters really don't want to hear from rudy giuliani. any indication that the president, mcconnell, anybody else, would like giuliani to have a role in this trial? >> i think majority leader mitch mcconnell has been very clear, alex, about the fact he doesn't necessarily want to hear from any witnesses. right? the case that mcconnell has been making to his republican rank and file members has been, let's see where we are on witnesses first. let's hear from the house managers, make their case. let the white house defense make their case. then we'll have a decision about witnesses. i can guarantee you based what i've heard from republican lawmakers, rudy giuliani is not someone that they think is able to defend the president. if anything, they think at times he actually undercuts republican
messaging especially when it came to the phone call between president trump and president zelensky, alex. >> the person who is going to have possibly the most central role in this upcoming trial is chief justice of the supreme court john roberts. now, to remind viewers, appointed by president george w. bush, of course, a republican, but this sounds like he's not playing into politics. his latest comments we just heard from him. these are comments that the president may not like. justice roberts writing, we should reflect on our duty to judge without fear or favor, deciding each matter with humility, integrity and dispatch. joe, what is the justice there trying to get at and who is he directing that message at? >> well, alex, i think he's trying to measure expectations here and send a message out that, look, he, chief justice roberts, is not just interested in individual cases, but interested in the institutions of our government. whether it's the judiciary, the
legislative and the executive branch. i think he's cautioning us to say, look, we're losing faith in our institutions and it's vital that we be seen as fair arbiters of the truth. while he may not have a heavy hand in this trial, it really comes down to what mitch mcconnell and the republican majority want the trial to look like, he is warning us that perhaps warning the president, he does expect it will be conducted fairly and perhaps he's saying he may even inject himself as necessary to make sure it's a fair trial. >> to that point we don't even know what the trial will look like. we don't know when it's going to start. speaker of the house nancy pelosi hasn't even send the articles of impeachment to the senate. we've heard from republican senator roy blount who thinks the trial will be over soon. take a listen. >> i think it will still happen quickly. the president's been invited by the speaker to come and give the state of the union speech on
february the 4th. my guess is we'll be done with this by the time the president comes, but -- it -- he's going to be up there february 4 talking about what he wants to talk about, assuming should be the economy. >> lauren what are you hearing in terms of what speaker pelosi is thinking in terms of timing? >> roy blunt basically saying there, his best guess, over by february 4th. reality is, the sources i talk tell me they really don't know how this all will come together. the expectation is that next week lawmakers will get back to washington. they'll have an opportunity to sit down and have discussions. then they expect nancy pelosi would send over those articles of impeachment, but there's really no for sure when it comes to nancy pelosi's thinking right now. i will tell you there is some concern among the president and some of his allies that she could be withholding these for
some time. basically you've seen comments from president trump that he wants this trial to get under way so he can defend himself. nancy pelosi knows that the president is anxious to get started here. so whether she withholds those articles for a few more days or weeks, still remains to be seen, alex. >> many different interests at play here. lauren fox, joseph marino, thanks very much. >> thanks. coming up, going back to our top story. the u.s. embassy in baghdad is still on edge after two days of violent protests there. we just learned also that secretary of state mike pompeo is now postponing a trip to europe to monitor that situation in iraq. we have those details. that's next. i'm alex trebek here to tell you
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we're back now with more on our top story. that is the u.s. embassy in baghdad suspendi ining con inin preparations. the sincident put a spotlight o president trump in the middle east and around the world. the president is downplaying potential military conflict with iran. listen. >> i don't think that would be a good idea for iran. it wouldn't last very long. do i want to? no. i want to have peace. i like peace. and iran should want peace more than anybody. so i don't see that happening, no. i don't think iran would want that to happen.
>> served as deputy foreign ambassador to iraq and joins me now. mr. ambassador, thanks so much for coming on the show. >> my pleasure. happy new year. >> happy new year to you as well. so lots going on already in this new year. those comments you just heard from president trump there, they came hours after a tweet from the president where's he openly admitted that he is threatening iran saying that the country would be fully held responsible for lives lost and would pay a big price. look at this video from a "washington post" reporter just hours ago. he's on the ground in baghdad saying that those protesters from that militia are leaving with what was described as chants of celebration. apparently there were fireworks. they said this was a victory for them. you, mr. ambassador, you've said the trump administration fell into an iranian trap. what is that trap? >> it's a narrative.
what we were hearing out of iraq until this week was about demonstrations in downtown baghdad, iraqis protesting against these iranian-backed militias and the iranian-backed militias brutal against iraqi citizens protesting for change. but the american air strikes enabled the iranian-backed militias to change the narrative and suddenly instead of militia brutality being the issue in iraq, suddenly the issue was 25 to 50 iraqi young men killed in the american air strikes. so the iranians, in a sense, were able to get us to fall into a trap and let them change the story from militia brutality to american air strikes. >> mr. vasser, also we learned
that the secretary of state mike pompeo has delayed a trip to a number of countries, including ukraine where as we've mentioned he was going to really go there to show solidarity with president zelensky. but he is going to, he's staying back in the states to monitor the situation in iraq. also we've heard from the iranian supreme leader ayatollah khomeini who wrote to the president, you can't do anything. adding that the president should realize that many nations hate the u.s. both sides acknowledge tensions could escalate. but i want to ask, the secretary staying back in the u.s. to monitor, does this show how worried the trump administration is about the current situation escalating? >> i think secretary pompeo travels with a really good communications package, and with a team of excellent professional communications specialists so he can monitor the situation from
baghdad from wherever he is in the world and i've seen secretary of states do that in previous crises in the middle east. i think secretary pompeo may be trying to send a signal but practical impact, it's zero. really. i think the other thing that's important for viewers to understand is the american military cannot through air strikes compel iran to quit iraq. the iranians are deeply, deeply entrenched there in term s of te politics and bureocracy. >> mr. ambassador to what extent is this linked to the trump administration's maximum pressure campaign and the u.s. pulling out of the nuclear deal? is it linked? is this iran lashing out? >> i think there is an element of iran lashing out, but i think viewers also need to understand that the americans and the iranians are tangling across the middle east. there are some of these same iranian backed militias in
syria. those militias are getting bombed, whether by the israelis, america's key ally in the middle east or by the americans themselves. i don't think the iranians care. then there are strikes going on back and forth in iraq. this is a regional contest in a sense, but it's very close to iran's home turf, and so our challenge there is a lot harder, and it has to be done with real diplomatic and political finesse, jnot just air strikes. >> so if the protest to the embassy were a response for the air strikes and militiamen are claiming victory is that, that? or what do you expect iran to do next? >> well, i think for the time being, at least, the action shifts to the iraqi domestic political scene. there will be some attempts by these very same militias to use the iraqi parliament to pass a
law requiring that all american military forces leave iraq promptly. we have about 5,000 american soldiers in iraq working to train iraqi forces to fight isis. i don't know that the parliament's going to pass such a law anytime soon, but the good news is that when the action shifts to the parliament, it shifts away from the battlefield. it shifts away from protests at the american embassy, and is an arena where american diplomats can compete with the militias to try to sway opinion among parliamentarians in iraq. >> all of this, of course, putting those parliamentarians and iraqi leadership in a very tough spot having to do a careful dance between its two closest allies iran and the u.s. ambassador, leave it there. thanks so much. >> my pleasure. thank you. all right. well, in this new year, there will be new laws as well. how fresh 2020 rules and
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new laws, from car seats to gun rights, recreational marijuana and minimum wage hikes. officials across the country will begin enforcing new rules and regulations starting today. cnn nick valencia has been looking into these. lots of changes to lots of different aspects of society? what are some of the biggest? >> reporter: right. happy new year. new rules, new laws. hundreds. we spent the day compiling a list. here are some we thought most important.
>> reporter: it's 2020, and with all the excitement about the new year, you may want to make sure you're staying within the lanes of the law. what you need to know about the new laws in this new year. starting today, the minimum wage is going up in 21 states. according to the national employment law project, in 17 of the 47 jurisdictions where wages are going up, the new rate reaches ob exceedses $15 per hour but not good news for everyone minimum wage earner. remains the $57.25 for non-tipped $7.25. 21 and older, buy recreational marijuana in illinois. 5 grams concentrate and more than 500 milligrams. those with non-violence convictions up to 30 grams.
in new york, no more cash bail. the state is the latest in the money bail system for nearly all misdemeanor and felony law cases. the new law could free many in incourseration. and oregon is implementing a state-wide ban of plastic bags in grocery stores. in florida, like to text and drive? don't. unless you want a $30 ticket for moving violations or $60 if texting and driving. some might say a sign of the sometimes. the state of texas, local school districts equipping kids with tourniquets, press seals and both students and teachers trained how to use them for more on these new laws and others head over to cnn.com. a story on the front page if you want more on these highlights. >> thanks, nick valencia. happy new year to you, too, my
patience pulls back his hand becoming frustrated and scolded the woman and slapped her hand. here was his apology he gave during this morning's new year's day message. >> [ speaking in foreign language ]. >> translator: love makes us patient. so many times we lose patience even me and i apologize for yesterday's bad example. >> admitting it was a bad example, john allen, cnn senior vatican analyst. it was a very human reaction. it was something that many of us would actually, would do ourselves. the pope, of course, is the pope. this one is known as a fairly cheery, easygoing guy. high surprised were you to see that reaction? >> oh, first of all, alex, happy new year to you and yours. i have to say, not terribly surprised. those of us who follow pope francis regularly know that although he is a figure of deity
and compassion, all very real, he is also, let's not forget, an 83-year-old argentinean male and frankly has a little bit of a temper. we've seen it before. when he was in mexico in 2016, there was an overly enthusiastic teenager who tried to grab the pope actually knocked him over causing him to fall into the lap of somebody in a wheelchair. the pope popped up and yelled at the kid for saying, don't be so selfish. we saw it earlier this year. he was in loreto here in italy at a famous shrine. people trying to kiss his ring. pope francis does not like that. he sort of lost patience and angrily yanking his hand back. it wasn't entirely out of character. remember, it was end of a very long day for the pope and also remember the pope has sciatica in his back. seemed to me this woman holding on to him is annoying him and
also causing discomfort and he kind of blew his top. he did what we all do in those situations which is apologize. in that sense, alex, it's a reminder that popes may be pontonates but human beings, too. >> surprising his security detail didn't jump in. they left him for defend for himself. well said. he's human like the rest of us. john allen in rome. happy new year to you. thank you very much. the world's two largest economies spent the last year and a half locked in a bitter trade war with a symbolic agreement at the end of the year. so is the trade war with china over? cnn's alison kosik has more. >> reporter: trade war concerns aren't done quite yet. the thorniest issues between the u.s. and china are unresolved but tension at the end of 2019 cooled dramatically. the u.s. agreed to drop new tariffs on chinese-made consumer goods, and the chinese agreed to buy more u.s. farm products.
the u.s. also lowered some tariffs. it's not the complete rollback the chinese demanded but relief for the american companies that pay the tax to the u.s. treasury. the wild card for 2020, president trump is slap tariffs back on china if they don't make progress. if that happens costs will rise for u.s. companies and consumers. one trade deal in flux, another resolved. much needed nafta shows a rare show of bipartisanship. what's in it? cars must have more parts made in north america by workers earning at least $16 an hour and more market access for dairy farmers. $600 million to protect the environment in the region, and a provision to protect expensive biologic drugs from generic competition taking out. for 2020 there is potential for other trade wars. the president has threatened tariffs on french wine and cheese, and european cars. in new york, i'll alison kosik.
>> thanks to alison kosik. and coming up, vacations on the moon. turns out that a lot of what we thought would happen by 2020 as actually totally wrong. so next we'll have predictions we actually got right. some of my best memories growing up were cooking with mom. she always said, "food is love," so when she moved in with us, a new kitchen became part of our financial plan. ♪ i want to make the most of every meal we have together. ♪ at northwestern mutual, our version of financial planning helps you live your dreams today. find a northwestern mutual advisor at nm dot com.
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sadly they might have given us less cred is than due. many asks, where's my jet pack, for example? a deeper dive into major predictions that sadly have not come true or not been perfected. great to you have with us. happy new year. >> happy new year, alex. thanks for having me on. >> of course. start with some of the major failures in the tech world. failures of the predictions. we made a list of some of those things. invisible computers. that is somewhat true. paper books and docs, no more docs. wrong. anti-gravity belts, wrong. personal companions somewhat true. tracking moves digitally, very true. self-driving cars, somewhat true. >> right. >> voting from home, that's wrong, but, of course, potential. what else are you looking at? what else is on the list? >> to be fair, each of those categories dig into a little bit deeper. yes, we are, want to say that we haven't exactly mead all the technological progress that a
lot of futures were thought but we are seeing some. self-driving cars. fully autonomous, widely used and available, no? but we see in places like detroit, phoenix, boston, we're going to get there. something like invisible computers nap was a prediction that came from a futuresque well-known sold five best-selling books and been afail yated with m.i.t., director of engineering with google and 1989, book of spearstual machines, visual machines embedded in everything, like tables, chairs. not microscopic, wouldn't see them, but everywhere. prominent, ubiquitous. we have smart everything. smart desks, smart headbands, smart forks. bi
bi bio -- some of outrageous but some are spot-on. one prediction pretty spot-on from bill gates in 1999. wrote a book "business at the speed of thought." he thought by the year 2020 we'd all have personal companions. many of his other predictions from that year also came true. he essentially predicted social media, these personal companions he said share information with each other. could help us complete our daily tasks and tell us what we need when at the grocery store. share information with each other. which is essentially amazon alexa, siri, google homes. we see things like that. >> and we just did see the general election in great britain that boris johnson prevailed in. he was, of course, prime minister now, and then 20 years ago a british news organization predicted something about boris johnson. what was that? >> yes. probably one of my favorite outcome of this project, which is stumbling across this and this is not a tech prediction, but in 1997, two journalists
working for the independent british journalistic organization said that boris johnson would be a top uk minister in the year 2020. their prophecy. wrote an article called "the cabinet of the future" and said that boris johnson would be a prominent uk minister and he is. that's exactly right. they also nailed him, because they saw he wanted to lead brexit at that time. said he wanted to make the uk to europe as canada is to the u.s. a/k/a, separate countries. at the time he had never held public office. he was only a well-known columnist and editor known as leader of the write. w-r-i-t-e and under theresa may was foreign secretary and a member of the cabinet. so this was a pretty amazing prediction for a 1997, the year the conservative party did not do well in elections.
so they were spot-on on that one. >> spot-on shockingly accurate and boris johnson if nothing if nom prominent. thanks for joining me. >> thanks, alex. well, before beyonce, before lady gaga, linda ronstadt was the first female rock icon. "sound of my voice" premieres tonight, 9:00 eastern time on cnn. good afternoon and happy new year. i'm alex marquardt in for brooke baldwin. welcome for a special holiday edition of "cnn newsroom." day one of 2020 and already two global crises that are escalating for president donald trump. second day in a row, iranian-backed protesters attacked the u.s. embassy in the iraqi capital of baghdad after more u.s. troops arrived to help secure the area. at one point fired tear gas
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