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tv   The Seventies  CNN  February 4, 2023 8:00pm-9:01pm PST

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could sit simply in that room again, a thousand dollars at the drop of a hat, i'd give it all gladly if our lives could be like that. ♪ rock is probably the most important cultural event in the history of america, and outswarmed a whole new
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generation of freaks. >> it's what guys seem to get off on, they like this high-energy sort of event. >> if the sight and sound of soul is your pleasure, you can bet your bottom, we got 'em baby. >> unless you've been living in a sealed cave, you've probably noticed that america's latest craze is disco dancin'. >> this is punk rock, and its purpose is to promote violence, sex and destruction, in that order. >> pure rock 'n roll energy, pure guts, pure stamina. ♪ ♪
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>> rock singer, jimi hendrix, died today in london, according to a police source, from an overdose of drugs. >> janis joplin was found dead last night. the cause of death was said to be an overdose of drugs. >> jim morrison, the lead singer for the doors, a rock music group, is dead. he was 27. >> the early years of the '70s are sad in music because you lose people. and you lose the beatles. >> the small gathering on savile row is only the beginning. the event is so momentous that historians may one day view it as a landmark in the decline of
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the british empire -- the beatles are breaking up. >> it was like a death for a lot of people. rock 'n roll, as we understood it in the 1960s, was no longer with us. >> there could never be another beatles, never. >> you know, i wonder what i'm doing here with no drummers and no nothing like that. well, you might know, i lost my old band, or i left it. >> for so long you kind of waited for the next beatles album to see where music was going. and we just hoped that the music they would come up with individually would be that good. >> you know, i don't no longer have to, "oh the beatles need an album, you and paul better go and write 20 songs tomorrow" kind of thing. i just write when i feel like it. >> you know, yoko, you've even been called "the dragon lady" who brought the beatles apart and took them all --
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>> well, if she took them apart -- >> i have trouble with english -- >> could we please give her the credit for all the nice music that george made and ringo made and paul made and i've made since they broke up, if she did it? >> the fact is, yoko ono did not break up the beatles. time broke up the beatles, money broke up the beatles, business broke up the beatles, the desire to go off and do their own stuff broke up the beatles. >> he's a fleshier, heavier beatle these days, respectably married. and when the kids come to his concerts, they don't scream any more, they listen. >> the significant thing is that both john lennon and paul mccartney made music in their own particular ways that was focused on the fact that they were deeply in love with a woman. >> mccartney went home, made that record where he plays all of the instruments on his own, in this kind of cozy domesticity. beautiful, wonderful, warm music. >> it's gonna look roughly like this. this is our first showing of it. so this is just the mockup,
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folks. >> the new album with atlantic... >> and it's gonna be called ringo's -- >> i sell records, and it doesn't matter if i've been in the beatles or not, if they don't like the record out there, they won't buy it, you know. >> ringo, who, to this day, people dismiss way too much, has tremendous success in the '70s. and george harrison, who had been stockpiling these amazing songs, explodes like a supernova on an album called all things must pass, may be the greatest beatles solo album of all. >> over the years, you know, i had such a lot of songs mounting up that i really wanted to do but i only got my quota of one or two tunes per album. >> were you held down by the other fellas? >> well, very subtly, yes. >> i'd just like to thank y'all for coming here. as you all know, it's a special benefit concert. >> ravi shankar went to george harrison and said, this terrible
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thing is happening in bangladesh, what can we do? and that created the first major superstar benefit concert ever done. >> the concert for bangladesh was the granddaddy of all issue-themed concerts. and not only did you get george harrison, man, you got eric clapton. >> it got dylan out of hiding. it put two beatles back on the stage again. it was unparalleled at the time and it may still be unparalleled. >> a great deal of music of the '70s was people who had succeeded in the' 60s finding new ways to express themselves in the '70s. >> have you got any idea why your group particularly has lasted as long as it has? >> because we stay together, i suppose.
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>> you know, for a few years, the rolling stones had taken a lot of casualties. >> even brian felt it, he wasn't gonna be around that long. not everybody makes it, you know. >> they were fighting for like, where do we secure our foothold now? >> in 1971, the rolling stones leave their home, for tax purposes, to go live in france and record this record exile on main street in a very hot, uncomfortable, muddy sounding studio. >> that record is the embodiment of a band making masterpieces on a daily basis. and i remember reading a review saying that this was like a debauched album. it's like, i don't even know
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what debauched means, but i gotta get some of this debauchery stuff. >> having come out of the '60s, which was its own animal, the '70s had to show a new skin, it had to shed the old one. >> i wasn't very confident of my voice, you see, as a singer. so i thought, rather than just sing them, which would probably bore the pants off of everybody, i'd like to kind of portray the songs. >> david bowie has always been a game-changer. he really has taken the promise of rock that the beatles kicked
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off, and he's taking it all sorts of interesting places for others to follow. ♪ the time may change me but i can't change life ♪ ♪ this valentine's day, give the gift of shine. at zales, the diamond store. is it me or does everyone auditioning for this health insurance commercial look the same? it's not you. health insurance companies see us all the same. that's not good. well, except humana. they see me. after my back surgery, humana sent a home health nurse for five days.
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some adventures of my own, and this is kind of a letter back home. california, oh, california, i'm coming home. ♪ or make me feel that rock 'n roll band i'm your biggest fan california, i'm coming home ♪ >> you look to the horizon that you want to move toward, and that horizon was here in la. >> that's where the record companies were, and there was lots of sun. >> well, the way i got to california is just really simple.
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i got there in a '57 chevy by skipping my finals that year in college. >> virtually no one was from southern california. they were all drawn to the light, and the light is the troubadour club. >> things happened gradually until we played the troubadour club in los angeles, which held 250 people. it just happened on the first night. >> every great songwriter i can think of came through the troubadour. >> jackson browne, j.d., henley and frye. linda ronstadt, kristofferson, joni mitchell, james taylor. the big sea change was people writing their own songs and expressing themselves. >> is it difficult to reveal yourself constantly to so many people? why do you have to do this? >> i feel an obligation to, to myself and to people to try and share myself, maybe as honestly as i can. >> everyone is just trying to do whatever came into their head. >> in the early days, paul and
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i, we wanted to be the goffin & king of england, you know, goffin & king were very big those days. >> we had no idea who these people were, who the mysterious mr. king was who'd written all these songs and chains that the beatles did, and i'm into something good, which was part of the british invasion. we did discover that it was this remarkable woman, carole king. >> carole king made the transition from basically being behind a scenes woman to a star in her own right. >> carole king is the embodiment of what happens, because in the
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'60s she is trying to write hit songs for other people. and then in the '70s with tapestry, it's the definition of an album of self-expression, "let me go into my house in laurel canyon and tell you about my life." >> after church, you always went out for pancakes. if you were lucky enough to ride in one of the girls' cars, you know what you're listening to? "tapistry." >> there were a lot of very important women who were some of the most significant writers and contributors to music at the time. >> we're gonna do a song that's written by my friend, john david souther, who is my favorite california songwriter and one of my favorite singers. it's called faithless love. >> she was, in many ways, my
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greatest collaborator, and i became a professional songwriter because the best voice of my generation was doing my songs. >> for my money, linda is still underrated just for sheer singing power and style and emotion. ♪ >> there have been a lot of articles and things that identify me with the la sound, me and jackson browne and the eagles. we need some new blood in this town, you know, we're starting to get stale.
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♪ >> the original fleetwood mac was a four-piece, full-on blues band. >> they were an english band that became a dual-citizenship band. they were as american as they were british. >> we had an album out about two years previous to joining fleetwood mac called buckingham nicks, and mick really liked the music and they asked us to join. >> fleetwood mac, first stevie and lindsey album, for sure changed our lives. we had arrived. >> it's great being rich and famous in california. this is it, kid.
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♪ >> hit records sometimes bore an audience. oh well, they, they're not gonna have another hit, or this one isn't as good as that. >> record companies start frothing at the mouth, and the imaging of the band was becoming a whole thing. so we were getting ready to make rumours with everyone falling apart. >> the structure of the band is five people, five independent, quite strong-minded, quite stubborn individuals.
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>> two lovely couples, john and chris married, their marriage was on the rocks. and stevie and lindsey might as well have been married. that all was falling apart. ♪ you can go your own, you can go your own way ♪ ♪ you can call it another lonely day ♪ >> we were testifying, and rumors became the church. so no matter what the market's doing, he's ready. and that's... how you collect coins. your money never stops working for you with merrill, a bank of america company. if your moderate to severe crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis symptoms are stopping you in your tracks... choose stelara® from the start...
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so boost your bottom line by switching today. comcast business. powering possibilities. we were shocked because, not only were they incredibly talented, but they looked like us. ♪ when i had you to myself i didn't want you around your pretty face always made you stand out in the crowd ♪ >> how long have you been singing? >> three years. >> see, you went to grab it right away, gonna snatch it right outta my hand there. >> michael was precocious. he knew he was cute, and then you would watch him go from that to commanding a stage in front of, you know, 15,000 people. amazing.
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♪ won't you please let me back in your heart ♪ >> the only american group to have four consecutive number one records. >> for the first time, young black kids had their beatles. >> hey man, what has five hands 10 legs and 11 alphabets letters. >> you don't know? the jackson five. >> that's us. >> and that's no jive. >> the jacksons were the last act from the classic motown hitsville system. >> motown was a very unique place because a lot of record companies were being run by businessmen. we had a music man at the helm. berry gordy was a songwriter. he said, we're gonna make music for the world.
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>> ironically, here he was trying his best to make black music that would cross over to the white world. he ended up making the greatest black music ever. >> he created a machine where you take the artist and polish him up and make them a great package that they can play the ed sullivan show and kill. >> back in the '60s, marvin gaye wanted to be frank sinatra. >> he was svelte, clean-shaven, debonair. and all of that changed in the '70s. >> marvin wanted to compete on a high level, "why can't i make a record like the beatles? i'm selling records like they sell. why can't i have that artistic expression?" ♪ talk to me so you can see what's going on, what's going on, what's going on ♪ ♪ tell me what's going on ♪ >> marvin gaye was very much affected by the vietnam war. his brother was in vietnam, so he's hearing all these stories about what's going on over
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there. he's seeing the protest here, and it's changing him. >> he holds up a mirror to america, "look at yourselves, america." >> he's talking about the war, he's talking about poverty, changing him as an artist in the way that berry gordy is not super happy about. >> initially berry gordy did not want marvin to do what's goin' on. >> motown was supposed to be non-threatening. here you now have marvin gaye making a protest record about the war that could potentially ruin good money. you don't lightly talk about the government. >> ultimately when he agrees to put out what's goin' on, berry tells marvin, "okay, if you're right, i'll learn something.
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and if i'm right, you'll learn something." and of course, as berry will say, "i learned something." >> every artist at motown suddenly also want to try their chance at freedom. >> when people say soul, they put you in one category. they say, "he's a soul artist." that's all they expect for you to sing and that's all they want you to sing. that's not true. soul is being able to express yourself. >> stevie wonder went to berry gordy and he negotiated his creative freedom, and he used every bit of it. ♪ very superstitious writing on the wall ♪ >> stevie wonder making some of the greatest records anyone's ever made in popular music in america, back to back to back. >> it's the equivalent of shooting a perfect shot from half court with your eyes closed. music of my mind. oh he made it, he ain't gonna do it again. talking book.
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innervisions, fulfillingness' first finale. oh my god he did it! and then suddenly songs in the key of life. >> what the beatles did in the '60s, i feel stevie wonder was the person to do that for music in the '70s. >> hi there and welcome aboard. you're right on time for a beautiful trip on the soul train. if the sight and sound of soul is your pleasure and what you treasure, you can bet your bottom we got 'em baby. >> soul train finally offered america its first view of afrocentricity.
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it was a new idea to say "black is beautiful." >> i would literally run home from church to get home to see soul train. it was the one reliable place to see the artists you loved. >> there's no question that soul train broke a lot of artists and introduced a lot of artists to audiences that they had never performed for. >> ten years before he did the moonwalk, michael jackson debuted "the robot" in 1973 on soul train. >> people had done the robot before. but there was a way that he did it, it was, it was faster, it was sharper, and it was street. i can just see his afro bouncing, and just because there was so much precision to it. shop the valentine's day sale and save on everything.
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rock, the music that infuriated so many people in the '50s and '60s. the music that so many thought too loud, vulgar and somehow dangerous to our morals. rock has not only refused to go away, it has become an institution. >> heart was a big deal because in a decade that was dominated
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by a type of rock 'n roll that rhymes with "rock" and begins with a "c" but i won't go on further, they were willing to play with those guys and succeed on their terms. >> the stuff from the '60s was like, oh, that's way too hippie, now we have to up it a notch. >> the audiences have come to expect a better standard of performance, better quality of lighting and sound and staging. they've come to expect a show. >> in the '70s, the groups started to become more theatrical. they realized that just giving them the music isn't enough. we've got to give them something to look at.
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>> more naked people, more misbehavior, more over-the-top stuff going on. just more. >> playing stadiums was too unreal. it would just be a sea of faces into infinity. ♪ >> stadium tours put a lot of people together to hear music at the same time. what they also do is they force the musicians to play to the back of the hall. >> in the '70s, that distance between the performer on stage and that audience grew. >> like if you went to any of the big arena rock shows, it was always about the star up here and the audience down here, and this sort of iconography of the rock star as this huge figure.
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>> it was bound to happen, but it comes as a shock nevertheless. in a poll taken by a leading pop music magazine in england, the beatles came in second. the most popular rock group in england these days is called the led zeppelin. >> in their 20s, they are rich, powerful, temperamental and pampered. they are the led zeppelin, a rock group on tour. and in the vernacular of the record biz, where to be merely big is nothing, the zeppelin is very big. to get around, the zeppelin uses a chartered 707, the kind of plane president nixon uses. but the president's plane doesn't have an organ, nor a 15-foot mirrored bar, nor in the private quarters does it have two bedrooms and a fireplace. >> i'm a bit upset that there's not a pool table onboard. but apart from that, i think this is about the best way to travel.
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>> americans are now spending two billion dollars a year on music. that's 700 million more than the whole movie industry grosses from ticket sales in one year. about three times the amount of money taken in by all spectator sports. >> i'm telling you that rock 'n roll basically is no different than ibm, xerox, sara lee, chevrolet. it's supply and demand, it's the same business. >> rock 'n roll had been a little gritty novelty business. it was not the center of the world in the '50s and '60s. and in the '70s it becomes the main event, and that has repercussions in all sorts of positive and negative ways. >> the total cost of this tour is three and a half million dollars. now the gross of the tour is in the reason of 11 million dollars. so, you know, it's a living. >> it was so decadent and over the top and money just being thrown against the wall.
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>> could be a bit of a hypocrite, you know, if you're consistently evoking the ideas of young people, of bouncing off the ideas of young people, taking young people's money and putting it in your pocket, you know. and really what you are is you're a middle-aged family man. and it's only the hypocrisy that i'm worried about. >> bruce springsteen was trying to reclaim the soul of rock 'n roll by going back to basics. >> using elements from the past that were kind of being discarded at that point. >> using a sound that was not what was on the radio and was not what was mainstream rock. >> bruce springsteen created his own counter-culture. it just speaks exactly to the american spirit. you couldn't hit it on the head
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more than bruce springsteen did. >> born to run was a towering statement in the middle of the '70s. it was the cover of time and newsweek. >> bruce did not like it at the time. me, on the other hand, i'm like, my friend's on the cover of time and newsweek, this is cool. >> when born to run comes out in 1975, it's a desire to really escape the claustrophobia of the 1970s. it is an anthem to save your soul.
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pods, your personal moving and storage team. i was lucky enough to be invited to david mancuso's legendary space in soho called the loft. i thought that was one of the most utopian scenes i had ever encountered in music. >> mancuso is one of the guys who really took the art form of playing the records and how he curated the records. he might play isaac hayes' record, he might play a salsa
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record. it wasn't so much about a style as it was an aesthetic of dancing. >> they have all types of people here, people who dance, people hop up and down. you can get high, stay here all night. >> why are people dancing again? >> i wish i knew. but i'm glad it's happening. >> what we now know as disco really starts with a band called the tramps. the drummer, they're all young, invents the idea of "four on the floor" with eight on the hi-hat. so everything is -- that's the sound of disco. >> i love disco. i always loved dance music anyway, because whatever i did as a producer was always danceable. >> giorgio moroder, working out of munich, put together
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technology and soulful vocalists, donna summer being the ultimate embodiment, and they make some of the biggest records of all time. ♪ i love to love you baby ♪ >> "love to love you baby" was four minutes of singing, 14 minutes of a lot of not singing. and i always wondered for the life of me, like, was moroder just like in the booth like "more passion, more"? >> i actually, i threw everybody out of the studio, switched the lights off, made sure that the tape is running, and i said, "okay, let's do it." and i think she did it in ten minutes.
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>> the donna summer records were some of the biggest records of all time, and they kicked off a revolution. >> unless you've been living in a sealed cave, you probably noticed that america's latest craze is disco dancin', that's dancing without the "g." >> what's discos? >> where have you been? >> the craze of the discos take in what they generate with the records. we are talking about an estimated four billion, that's with a "b" four billion dollars a year. >> i remember really being upset about this word "disco," it was r&b music to me, and i felt like they stripped it and gave it a new name or weren't giving credit where i think the credit was supposed to go.
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>> do it again, second half of the chorus, but bring that sound in, that's great. yeah. okay, one, two, three, four. >> the bee gees always liked r&b, they always liked soul. i always loved them as a pop band, but that always had r&b leanings. >> the bee gees did what pop stars do -- they really got the zeitgeist of what was going on. >> this is the scene outside a new york disco called studio 54. this is the place that's "in" with the disco crowd. >> i had been to goat ropings and space shots. i've been in a lot of strange places and seen a lot of strange things, but nothing stranger than studio 54 at the height of its popularity in the '70s. >> that's where you come when you want to escape, it's really escapism. >> the front door of that spot
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was insane. i sometimes would just walk by to watch people not get in. cause that was fun too. >> no, you're not shaved. there's no way none of you are gonna get in. it doesn't matter, if you're not shaved, listen, just go home. >> you had to be selected, you had to be chosen to get in. >> we can't let in everybody who wants to come in. i wish we could. >> the great chic, led by bernard edwarton and nile rogers go to studio 54 to get in and they don't. so they write a song. ♪ have you heard about the new dance craze listen to us i'm sure you'll be amazed ♪ >> it was kind of a dis to studio 54 for rejecting them. the part where they say "freak out" actually began as something else. it went from something "off" to "freak off" to being "freak out." ♪ just come on down to 54, find
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a spot out on the floor ♪ >> that's probably the best thing that ever actually came out of studio 54, was that song. >> disco was a revolutionary force. funk marries disco, and it leads to hip-hop. >> it's 1979, i hear chic's good times come on, and i just kept hearing someone talk over the song. ♪ ♪ are going to try to move your feet ♪ >> what's great about this song is that's where hip hop gets its name from. >> we didn't know the name of this song was called "rapper's delight."
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the next day i went to the record store like, y'all got "hip, hop"? >> it was the first hip hop song to crack the top 40. it changed everything. >> "rapper's delight" in 1979 opens this incredible door to the last new american art form, which is hip-hop. this valentine's day, give the gift of shine. at zales, the diamond store. i brought in ensure max protein with 30 grams of protein. those who tried me felt more energy in just two weeks. uhhhh... here, i'll take that. [woo hoo!] ensure max protein, with 30 grams of protein, one gram of sugar and nutrients for immune health. come here! you know why people are always looking at their phones? they're banking, with bank of america. see cousin jimmy over there? his girlfriend just caught the bouquet so... he might need a little more help saving. for that engagement ring...
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the groom's parents. you think they're looking at photos of their handsome boy? they're not! she just saw how much they spent on ballroom dance classes... won't be needing those anymore. digital tools so impressive, you just can't stop banking. something... huge. where are we? ant-man and the wasp have arrived. saving the world from epic dangers. while we feed the hero in everyone. spend $30 on your next visit to ihop and get a fandango movie ticket to see marvel studios: ant-man and the wasp: quantumania in theaters february 17th. ihop. let's put a smile on your plate.
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♪ kick. >> kick out the jams, [ bleep ] ♪ detroit, 1969 is where punk was originally born. >> the mc five, the motor city five, and iggy and the stooges release two pioneering albums that indicate there's a new style of music coming out. it's garage rock, it's minimalist, it's aggressive, it's loud, and often very obnoxious. ♪ kick out the jams ♪ ♪ i got kick them out ♪ >> punk rock was so eff'ing scary to us, because here we are with our big majestic songs and here comes punk, like -- ♪ >> the ramones get started as a reaction to everything else that's going on. people see them and go this is
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the answer. ♪ hey, ho, let's go ♪ >> this is how great rock 'n' roll is supposed to be done. >> how is it supposed to be done? >> no pyro technics, no phoney showmanship. it's pure rock and roll. pure good stamina. ♪ s. generate steam heat ♪ ♪ blitzkrieg bop ♪ >> it's real and raw, and there's no crap involved. as opposed to the standard schlap we hear on the top 40. >> the ramones were one part of a wider new york scene. >> you had people like patty smith. >> i'm an artist. rock 'n' roll is my art. >> the new york dolls. >> don't [ bleep ] with us. >> the dead boys. >> rock 'n' roll, anybody can play. >> and richard hell. >> richard he'll was the first
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to cut his own hair. ripping his clothes and safety pinning them together. >> he was the king of the punks. the safety pin thing is his. it's pretty clear he invented that. >> punk in the united states is is a musical aberration, a statement of what music is and how it's supposed to be played. in england punk rock is not a musical statement. it is a social one. >> if punk has a home territory, it is here on kings row in the middle of london, the same street that launched the mini skirt and the mood of the swinging '60s. >> what's it done for us? >> nothing. ain't got me a job. >> there isn't any future for a kid now. i mean, there isn't. >> there is an indigenous anger and frustration that drove punk on and got a lot of young people behind it. ♪ london calling through the faraway towns ♪ ♪ now war is prepared ♪ >> you've been said to be a political group. >> yeah, so i've said it. it's true.
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>> if there was jobs, maybe we'd be singing about love and kissing or something. >> the clash musically is the best of the lot. it count sound like traditional punk, but doesn't sound like anybody else but the clash, either ♪ london is calling and i, i lively the river ♪ >> punk was a wide umbrella and that wider scene included people who were more complex in their musical performance style. people aren't going to buy something just called punk. they might buy it if you call it new wave. >> punk rock, these days, what's your thoughts on that? >> it's better to call it a new wave, really. by defining it as punk, you're automatically putting a boundary around what's possible. bands like talking heads are excellent. >> talking heads was the ultimate college band, and they did a sophisticated spiky music
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that reflected who they were, and particularly reflected the fascinating individual that david byrne would become. >> i wrote a song about urban guerillas from the point of view of their daily lives instead of their politics. ♪ back up and ready to go ♪ >> this area of new wave music is where stars of the 1980s are going to come from. ♪ nobody knows ♪ >> what makes the '70s so special is that there's still a sense of naivete, the innocence that music could really make a difference in your life. ♪ this ain't no party this ain't no disco ♪ ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ ♪ this ain't no muffler our cbgb ♪ ♪ i ain't got time for that now ♪ >> you pick any genre you like and i will tell you that the
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best music made in that genre was made in the 1970s, and you'll have a hard time proving me wrong. >> what's great about a me decade is it allowed some of the greatest artists of our time to do some of their greatest work because they were really exploring. that is as deep as popular art ever gets. ♪ in the nighttime-i may not ever get home ♪ ♪ this ain't no party ♪ ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ ♪ i love you hold you and i love to kiss you ♪ ♪ but i don't have time for that now ♪ hello, and welcome


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