tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN November 28, 2013 6:00am-8:01am EST
booktv.org/bookclub. >> presidential historian tevi troy examines the popular culture that american presidents have partaken in over the past 200 years from andrew jackson's interest in attending the theater to the reading habits of dwight eisenhower. he speaks on a panel with jonah gold
burg, william galston and political analyst and columnist mona charen. this panel discussion is just under two hours. >> ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon. i'm chris demuth, fellow here at the hudson institute, and i will be moderating this afternoon's session in which we will be recognizing and
celebrating and discoursing upon tevi troy's new book, "what jefferson read, ike watched and obama tweeted: 200 years of popular culture this the white house." with a title like that, you might expect that the book is a parade of ton and entertaining stories about presidents' idiosyncratic tastes in reading, theater, music, sports, movies, tv, or maybe it's
more than that, maybe it's a study of decline -- [laughter] from adams and jefferson reading cicero in latin and the current bestseller over from the u.k., "the wealth of nations" to president obama tweeting about his favorite dessert or newest pop song. well, there's a little of both of that, both of those things in this wonderful book, but it is a
very serious, it is a very serious work. our presidents since andrew jack son have been popular figures. their popularity has been the most important source of tear political power. -- of their political power. they're the only national popularly-elected politician, official at any given time in america, and their relationship to popular culture has been deep, and it has changed in fundamental ways over the decades and centuries. and that, above all, is tevi troy's subject if this book. tevi is a senior fellow here at the hudson institute. he is familiar with presidents and the white house. during the administration of george w. bush, he was successively assistant secretary of labor for policy, deputy cabinet secretary at the white
house and liaison to the jewish community for the president, he was a senior member of the u.s. delegation to the organization for security and cooperation in europe. he took a little time off to work on the bush re-election campaign in 2004, and from 2007 to 2008 he was deputy secretary of health and human services. since his ten your in the government -- tenure in the government, he has written one book before this one, "intellectuals and the american presidency: philosophers, jesters or technicians?" he is a prolific author and may be said to be a full spectrum public intellectual publishing in the new republic, "reason," "national review," "the weekly standard," and washingtonian magazine where he writes about the presidency, as you might
expect, current issues in policy and issues of public health reflecting his involvement this those issues when he was at hhs. we're going to begin with tevi telling us about his book, what motivated him to write it and what he thinks the most important themes from the book are. and i hope he won't tell you too much, because i expect everyone to go out and buy the book afterwards. and we will then hear from a perfect group of panelists. these are people who do read cicero and other books. they also write books, and they blog, podcast, facebook, tweet, broadcast and probably to some other things -- do some other things those of us in this room haven't even learned about yet. we will start with jonah goldberg, a fellow at the american enterprise institute and a regular contributor to fox
news. jonah has been around the world of popular media and trying to elevate it and educate it for a long time beginning in the 1990s as founding producer of the pbs think tank with ben wattenberg. he has written two new york times best sellers including one that went all the way to the top of the chart, liberal far bism. -- fascism. following jonah, we will hear from bill galston. bill is senior fellow at the brookings institution. she taught for many years -- he taught for years at the public policy school at the university of maryland. he also has spent time this the white house and as deputy assistant for domestic policy for president bill clinton and work on the presidential campaigns of both walter mondale and al a gore.
al gore. his field is political philosophy and political institutions. he's the author of eight books, the most recent "public matters: politics, policy and religion in the 21st century." published in 2005. and then we will hear from mona charen who is a nationally-syndicated columnist, a journalist and political analyst. following the pattern here, she worked in the white house as a speech writer for nancy reagan during nancy reagan's husband's administration. and a political campaign working for jack kemp in his presidential quest in 1988. her most recent book -- and i want to mention that mona's most recent book is called "do-gooders: how liberals hurt those they claim to help," and jonah's most be recent book is "how liberals cheat in the war of ideas," but i want to make it
clear mona and jonah exempt bill galston -- [laughter] just to try to maintain a comity among our panelists. but our subject today is not partisan, it is far more elevated. we will begin with our author, tevi troy, and then proceed through the three presentations, and then we'll have some discussion up here and open it up to everybody in the room. thank you very much. tevi, the odium is yours. [applause] the podium many -- is yours. [applause] >> good afternoon. thank you, chris, for that nice introduction. thank you to my fellow co-panelists and to the hudson institute for sponsoring this event. the book, as chris mentioned, is "what jefferson read, ike watched and obama tweeted," and i mention it again. hudson institute wants you to know you may tweet this event at your pleasure, and we will also take questions via twitter. this is how even musty think
tanks adapt to the 21st century. getting to the titles, i originally had a different title for the book, and i came up with the title after i saw an interesting incident that someone, as chris said, who was a presidential historian and also someone who worked in the white house, an incident that kind of surprised me. a few years ago president obama was trying to sell his health care law, and in doing so, he went to the white house correspondents' dinner, and he told a joke. the joke was about an exemption that he was trying to get for the bill, and he said that i've got this tanning tax in the law, and in order to get this law through or the tanning tax through with the rest of the law, we're going to have to put forward an exemption for john boehner and for snooki. now, the crowd at the time laughed because at the time snooki was enjoying a cultural moment. i think now in 2013 her moment
is unlamentably gone, but at the time, she was the bucks some denizen of "jersey shore" in which she extolled the three priorities in life, gtl, gym, tan, laundry. and it struck me how bizarre it was that the president of united states was actually citing this person from the presidential podium. it also struck the president as somewhat bizarre, because the president was later asked about snooki on "the view," one of his favorite shows to go on, and he professed not to know who she was. and it led to this question appearing in my mind, are we better off with a president who knows who snooki is or a president who doesn't know who snooki is? and it's that tension and that question that really animates the book. and it led me to come up with my initial draft idea for a title
which was "from cicero to snooki. how our culture shapes our president." the good folks at regnery talked me out of that. they said that the venn diagram of those who know cicero and snooki does not intercept. [laughter] and they were right about that. but they were also right that three years later cicero is just as relevant whereas snooki is, as i said, unlamentably forgotten. so i went with this alternative title which i think conveys what i'm trying to convey. my book is about the different eras of technology and delivery of culture and how they've affected the president. i begin with jefferson read, that's because at the time those were the available options available to sun seeking -- someone seeking education or entertainment. so the first era is that period of the founders. jefferson and adams were
probably the two best-read people on the continent at their time. which is an astounding statement. you never think of the president of the united states being the best-read person in the land, and i'm not sure we'd want the president to be the best-read in the land, but nevertheless, these people lived booked, they consumed books, they were engaged by booked. and this was at no small hardship to themselves. i say in the book in 176 -- 1776 a first edition of that book cost $615. that is the cost about of an ipad today. and if you were to have an ipad today and if you have an ipad, i suspect many do, an ipad can store manager like 160,000 to 180,000 books. so when i say that jefferson had a library of over 6,000 books,
that was no insignificant investment on his part. they not only had to spend a lot of money to the read these books and to get these books, but they invested themselves in the books, and these books animated the discussions that led to the revolution from england and the revolution is aptly named because it was, indeed, a revolutionary act. breaking from the monarchy was something not done before s. these people of found beers, they found solace in the work of previous people who had gone before them. especially the roman classics writers, people like cicero -- who i mention this the title who john adams in particular was taken with, and cato, a play that george washington showed to the troops at valley forge in that very difficult winter to try and buck up their morale. so these people had engaged with what had gone on with the roman republicans who were fighting against what they saw as the
onslaught of tyranny. so the founders found ideas from previous generations that helped enlighten them, and they also looked to the current writings in the enlightenment to look for rationale for their break from england. ask so you see the ideas -- and so you see the ideas of the enlighteningment in the deck la declaration of independence, and after they broke free from england james madison -- can another founder and our fourth president -- reached out to jefferson who was living this france at the time and asked for him advice on what books to read as he was thinking about this constitutional project. and jefferson, remember how expensive books were at the time, sent him two cratefuls of books. and these books were about law and philosophy and history, all of the subjects that jefferson read so much and mastered. and madison took those books, and he read those books, and he wrote a memo to himself about those books, and he used that memo to inform his thinking on the constitutional con
recommendation, the constitution -- convention, the constitution writing itself and then the writing of the federalist papers to defend that great endeavor. of and so the founders, not wrongly, had this vision based on having dealt with a very literate populace, the population was a much higher literacy rate than in europe, and they obviously engaged in ideas, so the founders' vision was of enlightened leaders presiding over an educated populace. that was the vision. over the next two centuries, we would see that that vision was challenged, and it was challenged in two ways. the first way was in the second era i want to talk about in the 19th century. in the 19th century, i said there were two types of entertainment available at the time. the other type was live entertainment. and if a president wanted to get his message out, if he wanted to go and see and be seen, he couldn't go on youtube, he couldn't go on radio or tv, he
went to where the people were. and the people were at live performances. so i tell the story of james monroe going around the country on a goodwill tour, and in each city he would go to, he would go to theatrical performances because that's where the people were. but theater is a very democratic, small d medium. in the theater people on the stage can react to the audience. when there's a film or something on tv, that is static. that does not change based on who's seeing it or how they're seeing it. but the actors on stage in live performances can react to the audience, can interact with the audience, can recognize who is in the house that night and who is in the house. so i tell a story from 1824. there was a hotly-contested election between john quincy adams who i think was probably the best prepared person ever to be president based on his knowledge, his reading, his education, his previous experience in government. and he was up against andrew jackson who was not nearly as
well read. in fact, he rarely cracked a book. and he wasn't even much of a speller, as people used to point out at the time. so they had this presidential race, and jackson wins a plurality of the popular vote, and he wins a literality of the electoral vote, but he does not win the election because henry clay throws his support to quincy adams. clay is named secretary of state, and this is what became known at the time as the corrupt bargain. it was immediately unpopular. so not long after this happened, john quincy adams -- who was a theater buff -- goes to the theater in washington one night. and the actors, as i said, can react to what's going on in the house. today saw that the president-elect is in the house, and their reaction is to ad lib references to general jackson. and then the audience, seeing these ad libs, they applaud lustily at every mention of general jackson. and john quincy adams was so upset that although he'd been a
theater buff before, he significantly curtailed his theater going after that incident. and so the founders' vision came up against the raucous and oftentimes bawdy and loud vision of these democratic theatrical venues. democracy, they found, was much more open-ended, much more rabble-like than had been thought, and a man like andrew jackson who ended up winning the 1828 election and unseated quinn is si adams, recognized the appeal to the common man. how do we know this? i tell a story about andrew jackson going to harvard to get an honorary degree. this made quincy adams ap to to be protect tick that this person was getting a degree from his alma mater. but nevertheless, jackson goes and gets the degree, and he's expected to speak back to the students in latin which was the vernacular at harvard at the time. and jackson, seizing the moment,
says the only latin i know is e pluribus you numb. and that showed that he had this common touch, this ability to reach out to the common man and that he wasn't going to be seen as one of these hoity toity harvard types, but that he was a man of the people. and what we learned in the 19th century is that you might be educated in a certain way to govern like a quincy adams, but you needed to have some general jackson in order to get elected and get control. and the person who i write in the book had the best understanding of these two countervailing tensions was abraham lincoln. abraham lincoln grew up in poverty, in obscurity, and he read a great deal in his youth. often to the disgust of his father who tried to discourage him from reading all the time. but lincoln read, and he read every book he could get his hand on. and i'm sure all of you heard stories of lincoln traveling many miles through the snow to find a certain book or to borrow
a book from a farmer. and he didn't have the same kind of book selection that we might have today. it was very limited. and be, in fact, there were certain books that e read over and over and over again, and those included the bible, shakespeare,' sop's fables, life in washington and a history of the united states. and he internalized those books. and later when he was a politician can and he was running for office, he didn't cite books all the time, but he had internalized those books and expressed their vision in the way he commune candidated with people. so -- communicated with people. so he learned type of common language from the bible. he learned to use stories from aesop's tables, and he learned patriotism there the books on washington and the united states. and he used those successfully in his campaign for president in 1860. and then again in 1864. but lincoln also was a man who loved the theater, especially
once with he became president. and i write this the book about how he liked to attend theater so often that john wilkes booth planned to assassinate lincoln on the way to a different performance. and lincoln decided not to go that night because the show was at the old soldiers' home, and wilkes booth changed his mind and eventually did assassinate him at ford's theater at the showing of "my american cousin." and wilkes booth used his knowledge of the theater to figure out his way how to navigate through the house and even timed his shot to a well known laugh line in the play. so in some ways lincoln went to the theater, and the theater expressed his democratic impulses, but in some ways he was undone by theater. and, in fact, i tell the story in the book that his son was seeing aladdin at a lay a few blocks away, and he heard someone come in and say they have shot the president, and he went back to the white house and didn't find out until the next morning what had happened to his
father. well, after the 19th century we have the second thing develop that challenged the founders' vision of the enlightened leaders and the educated populace, and that came about in the form of new technologies in the 20th century. first, we encountered broadcast and the ability to project your voice to many thousands of people beyond the people who are in the room in front of you. so for today, we're speaking to this audience, but we also know there is a wider audience with the cameras before us. and franklin delano roosevelt recognized this. people talk about his fireside chats and how revolutionary he was, and he was. but even before he became president, in fact, he may have become president because of his recognition of the importance of radio at the 1924 and 1928 democratic conventions. he spoke recognizing there was an audience in front of him, but also recognizing there was a broader radio audience that was hearing his message, and some ways that's how he introduced himself to the nation. so radio was a new tool and new
medium for presidents. and we also think about roosevelt and the radio and scenes from raiding about it that roosevelt -- reading about it that roosevelt must have been on the radio all the time. the truth is he only did fireside chats two or three times a year. he had a tooth that whistled, and he would put in a false tooth to prevent from whistling before he went on the airwaves. and he also used a special paper that didn't rustle so people wouldn't hear the rustle of paper in front of him. so he was revolutionary in the use of this new technology, and one of the themes of the book is the way that presidents need to recognize new technologies and take advantage of them. and that leads us to the fourth era, the television every rah, the era we just left. but in this television era, the fist president of the tv era was eisenhower. and eisenhower recognized in some ways the tv as a two-way heed yum, that you can watch -- medium, that you can watch tv
and enjoy tv, but as president, you can also convey yourself on tv. and eisenhower did love tv. he watched so much tv in the white house including shows like "i love lucy," but he watched so much tv in the white house that the ushers at one point complained that the white house social schedule was determined by the tv schedule. you know, if you remember in these days, there was no dvr, there was no vcr, there was no netflix. if you missed that episode of "i love lucy," you were out of luck, and and ike didn't want to miss out. but he also recognized the importance as a communications tool. and people talk about kennedy as the television revolutionary, and he was indeed skilled, but eisenhower was the first president to give a televised news conference. he used tv speeches effectively including his famous speech about the military industrial complex, a phrase which is still with us today. and he was the first president
to hire someone from the tv industry, the actor and director robert montgomery, to advise him on his tv performances. obviously, after eisenhower we did have kennedy come who outdebated nixon on tv in this that 1960 debate although not on the radio, and kennedy recognized how important tv was to his campaign afterwards, seeing a tv one day and saying we wouldn't have had a prayer without that gadget. so kennedy really stood on the shoulder of a giant in eisenhower who recognized the importance. i said it's a two-way medium. the presidents not only saw tv, they appeared on the, but today affected what was on t. and one thing i cite this the book was this observation that presidents don't just watch tv, they are tv. there are and i tell this story about bill clinton during the monica lewinsky scandal. he goes away to get out of town, understandably, and he goes with
terry mcauliffe who's now running for governor in virginia and hillary clinton. and on this vacation -- such as it were -- they are sitting there one night trying to watch television. and hillary has the remote control, and she's flipping through channels, and she's trying to find a channel that does not include the lewinsky scandal, doesn't have a mention of it. and she's clicking, and she can't find a channel, and she's getting increasingly frustrated. and you can imagine how frustrating this was. and finally, finally she comes to espn. now be, hillary was not an espn fan, is not be an espn fan, but on that day she settled for some sports programming. on that very same vacation, mcauliffe notes there was one point where the white house ushers came up to themsaid would anyone like -- them and said would anyone like some wine. and hillary said, no, bill said, no, and terry mcauliffe said i'll take the bottle, please. [laughter] you can't blame him. so following this era of tv
which people like bill clinton were very skilled at despite this one episode, we have a new era that we're coming into right now, and it may even be too early to name this era. but let's call it for now the internet era or the social media era. when i was growing up in the '70s, you knew that if someone was on "all in the family" or "happy days," everybody saw that. these shows were so widely watched by great swaths of audience members. that's how you could aeel to a whole country, but appearing on one of of these shows. in today's day even though a successful show, even a show like "breaking bad," even a successful episode of "breaking bad" is seen by a tiny minority of the public, and even a show that gets as much buzz is never seen by a majority of the american population. and so in this era of segmentation, presidents must
adjust. and i argue that president obama has been revolutionary in his use of social media, in his appearance on different shows to appeal to his audience, to segment the audience as it were, to find places where he can get his message out to people who are likely to support him and to vote for him. be and so he goes on shows like "the view," and he has a twitter account that has 30 million followers, and when he tweets something differently from him, it has the letters bo at the end so that you know it came from president obama. and this era is a different era, and it presents a few challenge. and you wonder in this era if president obama -- who is so successful at winning two elections by this pop culture advantage and he deserves credit and i give him credit in the book for doing this -- you wonder if it comes at a cost. and the cost can come this two ways. one is to him himself. he gave remarks on syria last week, and the response was not overwhelming. and you have to wonder if his
supersaturation of appearances in pop culture venues to the campaign last year may have colored people's judgments of him now, and they say, oh, well, i saw that guy on "the view," do i really want to hear him talk about syria? and similarly, you wonder about the costs to the presidency. does the stature of the office diminish when you have these kinds of appearances? remember, president obama is the first president to appear on a late night talk show as president. you've had other people appear beforehand, obviously, clinton with arsenio hall, nixon with "laugh in," but obama regularly goes on late night talk shows. is there a cost to the stature of the presidency for the? so to summarize, i'll just mention the conclusions that i draw from this because people often ask so you've written all this stuff, and you've got all these great stories, what does it all mean? and i'll say that we can learn four hippings from this. one -- four things from this. one, there's an economic impact
to what presidents watch or read. "the washington post" has chronicled this phenomenon, when president obama is seen to be reading a book, that book's sales spike. we've seen this a couple of times this the past even before president obama in the 1980s. president reagan was reading an obscure insurance salesman named tom clancy, and he mentioned the book "the hunt for red october," and clancy has been a best-selling author ever since. then you have the policy impact. sometimes i tell stories in the book about how presidents have read something or seen something that has shaped their oils. one of the most -- their policies. one of the post famous instances of this is when you had john f. kennedy in 1963 was supposed to have read book "the other america" by michael harrington which talks about poverty, and it led to the war on poverty. it's likely he never read that book in particular, but he probably did read a book review
in the new yorker by dwight mcdonald, one of those famous book reviews that the new yorker has had. and that way what's out there in the culture can influence the policy. a third thing is the presidents use pop culture to humanize themselves. i mentioned nixon on "laugh in." think about clinton going on arsenio hall with glasses and the saxophone to try and show a different side of it. so you can get a different type of appreciation of presidents and the way they aeel to people. but the last is the way that presidents use pop culture to convey aspects of leadership. they can convey intellectualism by reading books, they can convey a larger than life image by be talking about movies or appearing in movies. and until michael bay's 2001 movie "pearl harbor," he was never shown on screen as in a
wheelchair as president. 1960s he's in a wheelchair. so he's never shown as president on screen, so it certainly showed an image of this great leader without recognizing his physical aprilty. and then there's the common man approach. by watching tv, you can show a certain aspect of appealing to regular people. you watch this show on tv, you watch "i love lucy," well, ike and mamie watch it with a tv dinner in the white house. we're just like you. so that's another thing. anden then the haas aspect of leadership they can convey is, again, this notion of hipness, you're kind of cutting edge and cool, and obama has been a master of that. in fact, in terms of the shows he watches, i joke in the book he likes the shows of the 1% rather than the 99%. he likes cutting edge, gritty, hyperrealistic shows on pay cable like "the wire" or "boardwalk empire." or "homeland."
in fact, there was one incident where president obama was briefed about a possible sleeper cell situation, and he said, oh, just like "homeland." so we can learn a lot about presidents by seeing what they read, what they watch, what they attend and what they listen to. and i hope all of you will appreciate what they hear about all of that, and i hope you come away informed. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, tevi. jonah goldberg, please. >> i want to say, first of all, thanks for -- thanks to tevi and thanks to the hudson institute for having me here. i'm a big fan of the hudson institute. in fact, the president of the hudson institute introduced me to my wife a while ago. the day after he called me up to let me know she was way out of my league and i shouldn't try, so i appreciate it.
it gave me extra incentive. so i'm going to try and be brief. i've got a lot of thoughts about the book. i really enjoyed the book, i think it's a wonderful book. i think in ways it's a lot like tevi, it's very smart without being otherly eggheady. it has, it's full of stories and interesting trivia, a lot like tevi. and at the same time, it weaves them all together for a pretty grand theme. one thing you might want to know, tevi, for your book tour, when you talk about andrew jackson and others going to theaters to be amongst the people, there's an interesting countertrend going on right now. there's a big open primary for mayor of minneapolis right now, and there's a guy running who has a viral ad campaign, and one of his chief promises is that if he is nominated and elected mayor, he promises he will no longer go to strip clubs. [laughter] so it sometimes works the other
way. maybe we've come full circle. i agree with stanley kurtz who wrote at national review online -- america's greatest web site -- that in a lot of ways this book offers a certain kind of window onto america's soul and maybe a little bit of tevi's. but before i get into that, i wanted to go a different route. tevi's a very old friend of mine. in fact, he's probably my oldest friend in washington. i took his job at the american enterprise institute in 1991 or something. and probably anybody who knows him or me knows that he's a much better jew tan i am. than i am. but be i am actually a much better practitioner effecter of the seinfeldian faith under the airing of the grievances. so i figured i would go a slightly different way and grind some axes. tevi's book is actually remarkably even handed. it is not a partisan polemic by any stretch of the imagination.
doesn't mean he doesn't have sharp ideas and arguments to make, but they're not -- he's not exactly a hurricane of fists in the fight between the various partisans on these kinds of things. and i figured i would offer some sharper points. starting with, i think, tevi is way to easy on the progressives and way to easy on, particularly, woodrow wilson. some of you may know i am the treasurer of the he-man woodrow wilson's society, so i am biased -- [laughter] but i'll start off by saying as tevi reports in the book with, i didn't know that he probably did not say birth of a nation was like history written with light lightning, but next time i have a chance, i will correct my book on that. he did let the endorsement stand for while. he was the most racist president of the 20th century who resegregated washington, d.c. and actually initiated the
practice of putting racial quotas into federal policy so as to keep whites out of the federal government. he -- i also think it's sort of interesting to mention that the second clan, the clan of the 1920s was, in fact, in respects simply a movie cult in much the same way that star wars dorks get dressed up as darth vadar and all the rest. these guys were so inspired by the movie, that it actually became something of a cult because the clan was, in effect, more budgeted. and wilson's role in that, even if it's less than i thought, i still think is somewhat significant. tevi does this fantastic job of talking -- you heard some of it -- talking about the role the classics and the ancients had on the founding fathers and on abraham lincoln and sort of intergenerational interplay of ideas going back from the beginning, and since tevi's always had slightly striving tendencies, it's not surprising that he likes this idea we've
been looking through the wrong end of the telescope looking back at the past. i would have liked a little more about that sort of thing about the progressives. much to by dismay in tevi's book and as well as the new biography of woodrow wilson, there's no mention of hagel. and hagel was, first and foremost, a huge fan boy of hagel. he even invoked hagel this a love letter to his wife. and tevi's got this great thing where he talks about wilson was such a devotee of detective novels and how maybe wilson's obsession with detective novels betrayed a certain frame of mind that thought you could solve the world's problems through pure reason alone which was, in fact, an air answer golf most -- arrogance of most of the progress is. and i would have liked to have seen a little bit more about the wisconsin school and their relationship to things.
the new republic was, in effect, founded as part of the teddy roos relate cult. and there's a lot of great stuff about the cult of teddy roosevelt in there. but as someone who also thinks herbert crowley is one of the great monsters of the 20th century, i'm doing some of this just to sort of provoke bill galston, you know, it's funny. the new republic was founded as this fan magazine of teddy roosevelt, but when the magazine actually ended up being very support i of woodrow wilson, teddy roosevelt was really ticked off. and be his response about it was -- and i actually wrote it down because i think it's one of the great cutting lines of american presidential rhetoric. he said that the think republic had had become a negligible sheet run by two gentiles and two uncircumcised jews. [laughter] i don't know what that means, but i just think i it's great. i could go on about this.
i think one of the things that would have been great is to have a little discussion at the movie gabriel over at the white house which was a movie that fdr was, in fact, a script. doctor on. a lot of these movies was that the president basically has this epiphany and decides to become a dictator and solves all of america's problems, and there's this note from fdr saying this will be enormous help to me persuading people in my argument. now that i've gotten that out of my system, let me actually talk about the book that tevi wrote rather than the one i wanted him to write. it's actually an intensely subtle piece of work with. one of the things i love about it is it sort of builds slowly from the sort of glacial pace of the founding era which, i know, men's minds were lit by tire, but the actual movement of ideas had the inverse of what we have
today, ideas can move at lightning speed, but there's not much to them. i think it's sort of interesting how it tracks that. and i think wun of the great lessons of the book and why i say it's partially a window on the soul of america is there's this whiggish tendency that says every technological breakthrough makes the world and society better prior to when we had it. often that's true, you know, realms of science and medicine and hygiene and all that. uh-uh think we're much better off with modern dentistry, call me crazy. but it's not necessarily true in the world of communications. and this is one of these points i try to sort of impress upon young conservatives often is that conservatives are so obsessed with ideas and arguments and the founding and the be canon and all that, that we always want to have arguments with historical and intellectual figures and movements, and the problem is technology actually
has a more profound impact. the automobile did more to unsettle stable, intact communities than nietzsche ever could. the problem is you can argue with nietzsche, you can't argue with a buick. and this is one of these things, i think, comes across so very well in the book. and i think that one of the questions i was left with when he talks about teddy roosevelt this his almost sort of add-like quality focused on being able to read and, you know with, four or five books a night and all of that, the if we had someone like that today, would the teddy roosevelt of today with that mental capacity and that sort of intensity, would he spend his time reading cicero, or would he spend his time mastering the next, you know, edition of grand theft auto or call of duty v or whatever it is? and i think that's one of the things you these to think about in our society today s that
technological change is siphoning off some of our greatest minds into, essentially, cul-de-sacs where they don't have the opportunity for flowering that they may once have had. some people will say, you know, tevi talks about how jimmy fallon introduced barham that as the preezy of the united steezy, and some people might say that was a huge step forward for society. i'm open to the idea. i guess one way of making that argument would be that the barriers between the people and their elected representatives have been broken down thanks to modern technology. i'd be open to that, i just don't think it's true. i think that in ways because of the kind of manipulation that starts with jfk and fdr and follows through with obama of manipulating media elites into this cult of cool about the president, you actually have an even more imperial presidency than you might otherwise have had. but people don't care as much,
because they think the guy in charge is cool or hip or whatever. and so a lot of that just sort of seems to me like a rationalization. and if you just sort of -- i don't mean to seem like a fuddy-duddy, but if you just think this way, reading is superior to listening. that's not a cranky old man kind of thing, that is a scientific fact. you take in more information reading than you do listening. you take in -- you take in even less information on things like twitter, and i say this as someone with nearly 100,000 followers. i still don't get the point of twitter. and i think that's one of the things that's sort of what te i have's so wonderful at this in book, is he shows rather than tells. there's not a lot of houration, and this is one of the gifts, that we are too obsessed with exhortation and telling people things, and sometimes you have to show them. edmund burke says example is the
school of mankind, and he will learn at no other. so i think this is a wonderful book for partisans and nonpartisans alike, and i'm delighted to be here. and i expect tevi to air his grievances shortly. thank you all very much. [applause] >> thank you. bill galston. please. >> [inaudible] >> whatever you'd like. [inaudible conversations] >> well, i appear on a lot of panels, and i've never been more out of by depth, indeed, out of my league tan on this one. -- than on this one. [laughter] you know, in the green room i listened with a sinking heart, you know, as these allusions to popular culture whizzed by. i'm the kind of fuddy-duddy
clintonian who memorized putting people first and who had to find out about the arsenio hall show the next morning in "the washington post". i mean, that sort of says it all. [laughter] but, you know, i actually come here neither to praise, nor to bury the book. but, rather, to just share with you a few of the reflections that it evoked. and i thank tevi and the be book for having -- and the book for having done so. and i'm going to make these points quickly and in no compellingly logical order. the first, the first is a distinction that is woven through the book, particularly the first half, but which i think is not stated explicitly, and that is the important difference between the things that form presidents and, you know, and the media through which they share some or all of
that with a democratic public. and so when we, you know, when we read about jefferson and adams and everything they read, we're not talking about the sort of thing that they use for democratic political purposes. at least not in any, not in any very direct way. they don't make a show of it. and so i think that, i think that the this distinction between what forms public figures and the use of what forms them and the media through which which they use it is a distinction with a difference. and to bring it home, let me put the following proposition on the table. i think at this point we want leaders who know how to interact with and use popular culture. we certainly do not want leaders
who are formed by popular culture or in the way that jefferson and adams or were formed by the classics. but what are the -- what are the political purposes in american democracy of engaging with popular culture? here's my rough inventory. well, first of all, you know, in a democratic society manifesting democratic equality and your commitment to it is very important politically. you cannot be seen as putting on airs. you cannot be seen to be saying i'm better than my fellow citizens. and the more high borne you are, the more important it is to send that message at least today. my favorite example of this is fdr. he invited the king and queen of
england over in the mid 1930s, took them to hyde park, fed them hot dogs. this was front page news in the "new york times." the american people loved it, and guess what? the king and queen of england loved it as well. i mean, they could sit through stuffty banquets, you know, in buckingham palace. that's not why they came to hyde park. but it was front page news in "the new york times" because it conveyed a very important message to the american people. you know, here was a president who was one of them, who didn't have to put on airs to impress even visiting royalty simply by being proudly and straightforwardly an american, one could send the appropriate messages to high and low as well. that raises a very interesting question, you know? if one distinguishes in a rough and ready way between popular and unpopular, has to say high
culture -- that is to say high culture, there is the example of john f. kennedy. and and tevi talks about this in his book, who deliberately tries to send the message that he is more of a highbrow than he actually is. now, what is that all about in a democracy? why is it deemed to be litically significant and beneficial to -- politically significant and beneficial to send that sort of message? and that raised the following question in my mind. even in modern democratic, increasingly, you know -- america increasingly sufficient fused by popular culture, have americans entirely lost their taste for aristocracy, you know? and i'm not just talking about "masterpiece theater." is it out of the question that an american politician who presents himself not as being part of popular culture, but
having an important dimension that rides above it and maybe even in opposition to it, is it impossible in the 31st century -- 21st century for such a politician to get a hearing? i'm not sure. i think there may be a pent-up taste for at least a -- [inaudible] of aristocracy in one of our future leaders. we shall see. another important dimension, rationale for identification with popular culture is what might be called generational identification, the i get it factor, the i'm one of you factor. why is this important? well, political science, i think, has demonstrated pretty conclusively -- indeed, it's one of the few things it has demonstrated conclusively -- that there are real generations in american politics formed birdies at this pointive generation aleck appearances, and they can be, you know, grave
experiences like the depression, world war ii, 9/11, but there can also be a cultural dimension, you know? as we found out in the 1960s, the music that you listen to is a very important generational marker. and by indicating familiarity with the next generation's music, you're sending them an important message not just about what you know, but about who you are. and the inability to connect with an emerging generation is usually the kiss of death for an american politician. and i could give lots of examples of that. the third reason for engaging popular culture is a point that has been underscored by my friend, the political scientist sam popkin in a wonderful book almost 20 years old now called "the reasoning voter."
and what he argues this that book, among other things, is that voters use what he calls low information curistic. you know, shortcuts. rather than reading through policy papers or familiarizing themselves with candidates' biographies, they use shortcuts to try to figure out what kind of person a particular politician is. and, you know, sam pointed out that one of the defining moments in the 1976 presidential campaign was gerald ford going to a state fair in texas and trying unsuccessfully to eat an unshucked tamale. okay. now, there you are in texas with even then a very large hispanic electorate. the message that ford sent to that piece of the electorate was he had no idea who they were, how they lived. in case, by the way, you're noting a proliferation of food
references in this commentary, it's because i think food is a very important part of popular culture, and one of the few aspects of popular culture this book doesn't underscore enough. engagement with popular culture is an easy form of political bonding, all right? because it provides a quick common ground. and if you're dealing with lots of different people on a daily basis, being able to rely on a kind of prefabricated common ground at least to break the ice and get the discussion of other topics going can be extremely useful. and politicians, politicians who can't do that, i think, are at a real -- if you want me to be highfalutin for a minute -- disadvantage. now, here's my last point. a key part of contemporary
popular culture -- and tevi underscored this -- is what i will call the culture of self-disclosure. you know, it's a culture that not only permits and facilitates and enables, but to some extent demands self-disclosure. and this is, i think, a very revealing fact. one of the things that it reveals -- and i'll, you know, and i'll put this in a way that harvey mansfield jr. would not find edgy enough -- let me, you know, let me call it evolving conceptions of manhood and manliness. we can symbolize that by the transformation, by the shift from gary cooper to alan alda, you know? from the strong, silent type, you know, to the endlessly sharing type.
the man who refuses to reveal his feelings to one who wears them on his sleeve. and that is, i think, a very important fact about american popular culture. and it not only demands self-disclosure, but it enables it many if ways that i -- it enables it in ways that i personally find disturbing frequently. but that raises a final question that's parallel to the first question that i put on the table; namely, do -- have americans entirely lost their taste for what i will call dig any tied reserve? -- dignified reserve? is it impossible, is it impossible to say in, you know, in the second decade of the 21st century that something is not only none of the people's
business, but beneath the dignity of the president and the presidency or any other senior elected official to discuss likely? what kind of cost would someone who wants to be president incur if he or i must now say she, you know, refused to answer the famous boxers/briefs question? couldn't you make points with the american people, you know, by saying this has gone too far, right? there's a distinction between the public and the private even for a public person, and being able to enforce that distinction is part of what it means to be a good public person and a good public leader. and if it means disappointing all of the talk shows, is and if it means disappointing all of the talk shows, is it
possible to stiffed them? is it possible to pay that communications price and still succeed in contemporary american politics? we go on those shows you are faced with those types of questions. you will look shrew wish if you don't respond with some generosity. one of the questions this book leaves me with is whether technology has made certain sorts of moral stances in public life prohibitively expensive to maintain and if so what does that mean for our democracy? thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you to the hudson institute and to tevi for writing this very stimulating and interesting, anecdote bridge
book. bill had a sinking feeling in the green room when we were discussing pop culture, i had a sinking feeling when tevi was speaking because the referenced several anecdotes i was going to relate which reminds me of that joke about the prisoners, a new prisoner comes into the jail and is sitting in the evening and he hears calling out from one cell to the other 11 and everybody laughs, 17 endeavour but let's, what is going on? we have all been here so long we know all the jokes so now we just call out the numbers and everybody laughs. can i try it? go ahead. he says five and there is silence. what went wrong? some people don't know how to tell a joke. i will begin by saying i want to shout out number 5 because i would like to start by mentioning one aspect of tevi's book which i enjoyed tremendously but found depressing is the sections in which he outlines the erudition
of our founding president. it reminded me of what henry adams said in his autobiography the education of henry adams, he was reflecting on the march of presidents from washington to his day and he wrote 2,000 years after alexander the great and julius caesar a man like grant should be called and should actually and truly be the hottest product of the most against evolution made evolution ludicrous. the progress and evolution from president washington to president grant was evidence enough to upset darwin. weekend to give grant a lot more credit in our time mostly because of his wonderful memoir which adams had seen. i can understand this lament when we see the behavior of our presidents, some of our recent presidents.
tevi mentioned george washington and the fast reading adams and jefferson both did did they were familiar with latin and greek. in mentioned that could have, they're fantastic correspondence that carried on for the last 14 years of their lives which is fantastic reading. first of all the knitting together of an option cancellation should between two men who had been not many times in their lives but also their discussion of books and ideas and they were brought back together by love of country and their tremendous -- who could be thomas jefferson's pen pal? who was on his little? there was only one guy and that was john adams, which is really amazing to consider. tevi mentioned john quincy. you was described by david mccullough as the most brilliant human being who ever occupied the executive office.
his tastes were definitely elite. quoting tevi, quote, as president he enjoyed poetry, literature, theater, opera and translating latin text. i ensure that is the way obama spends his saturday afternoons. not to the too partisan there is no recent president who could possibly compete with quincy adams. but i think we do get now to the nub of tevi's book, namely that in a democratic republic, successful politicians must have a must learn to fake the common touch. the man who unseated quincy adams, and rejection, somewhat crude, and leonard, a notoriously bad speller, but knew how to use that disadvantage in the story tevi
told. it said the template for everything that followed. teddy roosevelt, the 00 wealthy man and a remarkable intellect himself, published his first book the year eat graduated from harvard, didn't make the mistake of being like quincy adams. restyled and self an outdoorsman, a pugilist literally and figuratively, rancher, naturalist and explorer. tevi tells a great story in the book about him when he was out west in the dakota territory and got to montana and anybody decade bully and was quite proud of it, wrote about it, it's hard right to one side of his jaw, hitting with my left as i strained out and again with my right. there's never a shortage of great teddy roosevelt stories.
another one from his adventures in the west, where he did and the respect of the callie voice for learning their ways and enduring their hardships with them, they call from four eyes because he had glasses but they accepted him as one navarrone but there is a story that he couldn't quite take the men and grant india of the boy complete even when he was in the dakotas and one of the recalls they would nearly double over sometimes when they were on a hard ride and he would shout jason quickly forward their, boys. follow. i take from katie's book that can be roosevelt was pretty much the last republican president of the united states to be well treated by popular culture. 1960s saw the advent of the culture wars and clear side
shooting of writers, entertainers, musicians and other cultural arbiters. richard nixon, the exception approved the rule about there were some attempts to connect with the culture. invited elvis to the white house. all the greats like guy lombardo, duke ellington was a genuine republican and nixon gave him the medal of freedom but that didn't get him any street credit. by the 1970s most of musicians were leaning left. of republicans attempted to use a popular song as at campaign theme as reagan found when he tried to use a bruce springsteen number and as george bush found when george h. w. found he tried
to use a bobby mcferrin to and they got slapped down and that pattern persists. we have seen it in recent history with other republicans, john mccain, michele bachman and so on. the one realm of popular entertainment that is not ferociously anti republican in the 20 first century is country music but continues a continues to thrive, it is dwarfed by other sean rushs. i looked this up. in 2012 country music and gospel sold 16.5 million digital albums. you compare that with the combined total for rock, rap, r&b, metal and new age, up eighty-nine.nine million. sixteen million to eighty million. the results are similar in other cultural venues, movies, television, theater. republicans and conservatives
find themselves get allihettoiz with few sympathetic minds so they are tempted by the turn on, tune in, drug out without the drug implications. teddy quote george w. bush who prided himself on not watching television, he hadn't seen saturday night live, he hadn't seen the daily show with john stewart and he said they put an off button on the tv for a reason. one can sympathize with that sentiment from w. left to my own devices i watch foil's war and reruns of the jeeps and worcester series. i understand the desire to push it all away but it is important
to recognize mistakes and dangers politically. politics and culture as tevi points out are intimately linked and it is no accident that the one realm of culture not implacably hostile to republicans is country music which is very white, very christian and very exurban. republicans cannot and should not try to do what barack obama does so successfully which is beat down with it all, beat the cool kid. they would get whacked out of town. it wouldn't work. and arguably it would violate some of their principles. there is a tremendous amount of cultural building out there that is arguably damaging to our souls as well as our political health. i filled the need recently to comment on the 6 corbeille miley cyrus. it is also important to remember not all of it is a pernicious or
corrupt and in any case it is ubiquitous. conservatives and republicans should look for opportunities to praise what is good and if necessary condemn what they want to condemn and feel they must but they have to be engaged, they have to know what is going on and they have to fight the perception that they are out of touch. so as tevi ably and entertainingly demonstrated in this book popular culture will continue to influence politics and turned off, while it may work for the homage, hasidic jews and former presidents, does not work for those who polk to win future elections. thanks. [applause] >> back to tevi. >> i will address the comments which i appreciate in reverse order, first to mona, thank you for your kind words and your
wonderful column, everyone should see this in multiple outlets including the examiner and "national review," syndicated everywhere. thanks for that. and i am flattered that we have the same taste in anecdotes, a similar approach. i agree with her a successful presidents must have the common touch and throughout the book i try to set examples of presidents success led demonstrating they have the common touch. one story i tell is of lincoln, who before he was running for president in his lawyer days was presented with latin in a court case and says if that is latin you better get yourself another witness. i told a story of ronald reagan who at one point was reading a serious work of nonfiction and his press secretary said to him maybe we should get it out that you are reading this book to counter the general view of you and he said no, i don't think we
need to do that. there's a sense among presidents that they need to understand the common touch and appeal to the common man. as for the notion of politics and culture, high point to an increasing phenomenon since the 1960s that different presidents of tried to combat with different results, i tell the story about nixon trying to appropriate country music on his behalf and talk about myrtle haggard, it highlighted all the things nixon sought as liberal excess including pot smoking and draft dodging. why don't we get him to the white house and merle haggard did come to the white house. you wasn't much of a republican and he did perform and haldeman noted in his diaries that wasn't much of an event because most people in the crowd had never
heard of any of his songs and the only one they had all resonated with them was a key from muskogee. you have to have the common touch, have to be aware of the culture but you have to be careful how you do it. in terms of bill adam scott comments and will disagree with the notion that he doesn't belong on this panel. he ably represents himself even if he wasn't keeping up with our breaking bad and seinfeld references in the green room. he says there is a distinction between presidents and wave their views and what forms and media they use it. it is something that throughout the book on tried to address by pointing to bose, it is important to halt presidents are formed and what cultural influences were wrong then and how they use media to project their image is an often a president who is informed by a medium like barack obama was informed by television and of very young age, i tell the story
in the book and quoted directly from his memoir so no one could accuse me of partisanship, when he came home from school and went to the elite school in hawaii he would watch television with his grandfather until the johnny carson show. is strong knowledge of popular culture helped in his use of popular media today. he is not faking it when he talks about the medium my snooki story notwithstanding. i would agree with bill we want leaders who can use pop culture but not necessarily formed by is the barack obama has managed to do both. we don't want to think about a president who is watching reality tv or spending all their
time watching music videos. there are good reasons to hope the president is not doing those things and i really appreciated bill's point about showing himself as more highbrow as president and he really was and i urge you to look at my first book on intellectuals in the american presidency and i talk about kennedy's masterful use an appeal to the intellectual community. in that book kennedy is the hero. kennedy argue in the first would use intellectuals better than any other president and every subsequent president models themselves on kennedy's style. in this book kennedy is almost a felon. i criticize him the most because i think he was faking it. the dinner where he had all the elites come together to watch the famed spanish cellist peer for the first time in forty years kennedy had to have handwritten notes in front of him to tell him when to classes
at a classical music performance. a famous book he supposedly wrote, profiles in courage is pretty clear from the historical evidence of a look at that he didn't really write that book. talk a lot about kennedy and hollywood and i argue in the book that hollywood -- he liked hollywood starlets more than he liked hollywood movies and the number of starlets with whom he was associated rival the number of movies he actually watched when he was in the white house. he saw about 48 movies in the white house about three years whereas jimmy carter sought ten times as many movies as kennedy. he's on 4 rating movies in a single term so kennedy really by the reckoning of a number of close aides who eyesight in the book really didn't have the patience to sit through cultural performances and elect talking to ending the aging with people. people and the bureaucracy would get phone calls from kennedy and try to find out what was going
on. like to engage in with people, didn't have patience for culture. bill makes the good point about food and i did have that franklin roosevelt hot dog story in an early version of the book but it was of topics a legend included but polish lawyer, famous cookbook book writer and she and i were e-mail in yesterday and we agreed a possible sequel to this would be nothing in the white house talking about presidents relations with food. if publishers are watching we're ready to co author that one. and finally -- >> a few chapters on clinton. >> he did eat food. about this issue of dignified reserve is it gone forever? it certainly appears to be gone for right now. the obama approach has the upper hand but will always be that way? i am not prepared to say that.
presidents need to engage with pop culture and be aware of pop culture but i don't think they necessarily have to be as self revelatory as we of seen some recent presidents b and george w. bush said that approach of i am not going to engage in pop culture, and not going to bear my soul on tv, i won't be on these shows, i won't watch tv. he certainly had its challenges and left with a low approval rating the successfully won two terms. there may be an avenue for a president to take that approach in the future. i want to talk a little bit about jonah's response which was quite thoughtful and i appreciate it and we are good friends for 20 years have and we had many conversations and arguments about pop culture and politics, sometimes over beer, sometimes not. jonah is correct to note that my book is an implicit defense of
reading. of strauss uniform of misdirection or something like that. i focus on reading, presidents should read, they should read serious works, they should read history, it makes them better leaders and better informed people. also recognize we live in a pop culture age and you can't make it to president and have the opportunity to read these books and have them in for your governing until you have an understanding of the culture and convey the understanding. pop culture is our common vernacular. jonas says the greatest flaw in my book is i don't eat enough abuse on the progressives. if you want abuse heaped on progressives i urge you to read jonah's book liberal fascism which has a lot of it. even in this point i will say that culture helps to define and understand the president. jenna dislikes wilson because many ofonah dislikes wilson bec
many of his -- she is accurate, wilson is seen as a successful president because of who defines the reputations of presidents. jonah is working hard to change that but what i found in the book and was humbled me is every president to some degree had to deal with popular culture and every president has been defined by the culture of that time and subsequent. to get an initial distinction between cicero and snooki i think snooki might be out of bounds for presidents. not sure she is an appropriate person to talk about but cicero was killed in the art of persuasion and wanted to use every available full for persuading and he used his
voice. he worked hard on speaking and learning how to speak in the appropriate way and trained his body and mind and voice to convey the points, he was very effective in doing so and if he were in this year i suspect he would look at the media we have and be envious and want to make the most and greatest advantage of all of them. jonah suggests i don't whether enough of a partisan hat in this book. i take some pride in that because i was trying not to. but let me put on a partisan hat for a moment here and say from the republican perspective i think that the republicans need to understand the pop culture and to understand the pop culture better than they have been doing in recent elections. mitt romney, i supported and worked on that campaign. when he made references to pop culture one of his big reference was to ferris dealer's day of which is a very funny movie but
it is dated. 1986 movie. he talked about seinfeld which we talk about a lot and those references to seinfeld are two decades-old. if you look at the fantastic twitter feed modern seinfeld, is made up of seinfeld clots that could not have existed in the days of seinfeld. it is about jerry and georgia and the lane and kramer interacting with twitter or face book, things that people in the seinfeld era which was not that long ago have not heard of so presidents need to be more up-to-date than the romney showed himself in the last election and they could learn from jonah do can ably quote edmund burke and groundskeeper willie when it comes to issues of foreign policy and in closing with jonah's comments, if republicans are knowledgeable
about pop culture and successful in the use of it they can make the presidency festivus for the rest of us. [applause] >> any rebuttals you would like to offer? otherwise, okay. before we do, since side of got the microphone, i want to say a couple things and in my own reaction to what i have listened to, a few brief points. the distinction between culture that shapes leaders and leaders use of culture for political purposes, one thing i did not know, one thing i learned from tevi's book that i had not sufficiently realize is our most successful presidents have been
voracious readers and i think if we actually lined them up with presidents he didn't mention that all we would a strong pattern. he talks, goes out of his way to point out the enormous capacity for leading, since the jackson era inaugurated the democratic presidency, lincoln, roosevelt for, roosevelt and reagan were all huge leaders, readers and their political ideas were clearly decisively formed by what they read. i want to say a word on behalf of jfk. i think there are things such as the faking of profiles in
courage which are worthy of sharp criticism but the president is creating a public image and i think faking it, i find it admirable that somebody who did not know -- had the wit to had him to the white house and someone he could appear to be appreciating. i remember as a teenager being depressed -- impressed with that. and following the president's lead, having robert frost at your inaugural was another. that was demonstrating exactly the kind of cultural leadership that would be a good thing if we had more of. i have been trying to think of examples in response to bill's talk of presidents, going to
exert a little cultural leadership going against the culture and i think michele obama's obesity program which was similar to jfk's and rfk's fitness program, do things and get in shape and pay attention to physical fitness. vice president al gore's wife engaged in a vigorous and controversial campaign against violent, we had a great deal of attention. it was a week before obama was inaugurated. you was in an interview talking about the culture of african-american young men and told him to pull up their pants, the brothers should hitch up their pants and get rid of this
prison-effect. i don't know that he said much about rap music or the particular offensive and degrading aspects of music in his commentary but that would be an obvious opportunity for him. on with ronald reagan had gotten a little more in this book. he was a pretty good cultural are better pass and he did not want to engage in any disinformation about books he was reading but he was a master of creating the visual image, the low your rest of the presidency, being on horseback with queen elizabeth, standing in front of the berlin wall at
the d-day invasion. he thought about his work carefully. he was something of an arbiter having come from hollywood and los angeles. more than once i remember him criticizing the mores of contemporary movies and sometimes he would sound a little prediction but didn't sound priggish. he was, in hollywood, the great sex scene would be the man and woman going inside a door of a hotel and dropping the and not disturb sign on the handle. it played to your imagination and he was pretty literate criticism but on the other hand when the secretary of the interior canceled the beach boys performance on the mall because
he wanted some wholesome family entertainment he was publicly and humiliatingly overruled the next day by nancy reagan who was the beach boys fan. he had a great sensitivity to the culture and he could set standards but he could also appreciate it. finally, when i think about tevi's explanation for how the culture has been fragmented and there are lots of channels and opportunities for segmentation my old guys worry to match william galston's worry, i like a president who has to talk to everybody all at once, that encompasses certain disciplines that i like and i think is important for a democratic leader, has to lead in a way he is leading everybody, talking to
all of us and i worry that you can set up these channels where it they are communicating political operatives almost by is the codes and all sorts of narrow channels where presidents become scripted automatons and be able to escape this necessity to speak in a purely democratic voice to the whole nation. those were my reactions listening to all of these wonderful presentations. >> quick question? >> yes. >> first of all, some presidents, every president is mentioned at least once in the book. on the of faking it is admirable kennedy was successful in the faking it regard and one important point is the
filtration affect, what we talk about, everything the president read or watch because we can't know that. what we talk about is what we know they watched. what i recognize is filtered to some degree by themselves and their aides and bill clinton would read three or four mysteries a week but didn't highlight the books he is reading in his presidency, he highlighted the serious nonfiction he was reading and used to be applauded for that. and the segmentation point one argument i make in the book is we are becoming increasingly segmented into narrow audiences one of the few cultural touchstones we have today is the president, one of the reasons the most common subject of jokes is the president is it is something everybody knows about and can relate to and there is
no one show or a song that everybody watches any more. the president in fact has a special responsibility to try to get past their political short-term needs and try to elevate. >> i am going to call on people. if you wait until the microphone arrives and introduce yourself and ask your question. >> i want to challenge the proposition that conservatives have any business trying to be part of popular culture in america today. in the past half century, the culture is revolutionary, trans aggressive, it is not what conservatives are about. using the media which is a
neutral thing, any group, to try to become part of a culture which is supposed to us is a foolish idea. i would say ron paul and rand paul disproved that, any popular culture business but yet they seem to have a great deal of full with people who agree with their principles. >> that is for you. >> i disagree with 92% of that. i agree the culture that is hostile to conservatives i don't dispute that for a moment. one thing that drives me crazy, she is absolutely right, it is funny how paul ryan, the new york times got ahold of the ipod
playlist, tried to hold against them, and nine inch nails are dedicated communists, it was hypocritical to like that music, they never followed through the logical of shout that if liberals listen to this they agree with the communism in that? can't you just like it because it is music? speaks to you on some other level. there is a lot of what social scientists call crack in popular culture but there's also a lot more good stuff than conservatives are either aware of or willing to acknowledge. as tevi mentioned i wrote a cover story about breaking bad for "national review". i not only think it is the best television show currently on air or maybe ever, it is also profoundly conservative in terms of what it shows about moral degradation that comes with lying, breaking outside conventional morality and all
the rest. you can find one of these points, enormous pro-life messages in popular culture and conservatives, particularly pro-life activists don't seize on it as much as they should. there are a lot of issues that end up in popular culture conservatives leave the chips on the table rather than trying to celebrate these things. every sitcom since maude, ahmad was the only one that had a character have an abortion and one of the reasons that show was so awful. anytime the character gets pregnant she always agonizes about her choice and she always decides to keep the baby and this is the second she decides to keep the baby some profound metaphysical transformation occurs and she starts treating it like a human being even though it was the same speed as it was five seconds ago and that message plays across the culture. the idea that the mother decides it is a human being, either it
is or it isn't but at the same time the way they talk about the decision to have the baby is more pro-life than pro-choice and a lot of ways but regardless one reason conservatives should engage in popular culture, it is our culture too. the point of a magazine like "national review" or the conservative movement isn't simply to you let republicans but to move the country in a conservative direction and it is difficult to do that unless you find a way to engage in the vernacular young people speaking in. if you find a way to persuade the society, not just one political party to move rightward. i don't know if you can do that unless you are modestly fluent with where the popular culture is. >> fabulous presentation. you talked about two separate categories. how people use of cultured to develop their own ideology and
how they took the ideology and sold it through popular culture but one out of five americans has a disability and you don't see presidents throughout history talked-about it. you talk about one president who had a visible disability hiding it. i wonder if what you learned about the presidents and how they learned about people with disabilities or wanted to speak to them or about them. >> thank you for that question and the good work you do on behalf of children with disabilities. it is something you correctly pick up on that presidents should they have disabilities don't advertise, remember the big argument about whether to show franklin delano roosevelt in his wheelchair in his memorial. , having decayed cover of the wheelchair but he is there and one thing i did know is some people thought woodrow wilson
may have been dyslexic because he was so late to start reading but seems to be a common theme you will find is to the extent there have been presidents with disabilities, dyslexia or roosevelt's wheelchair it is not something they advertise and revelatory nature of the modern president. >> very quickly, my husband and i have been involved in the adoption world and the george bush administration and the clintons did is too, hillary clinton came to one of our events, they have been supportive of adopting children with handicaps so they have provided white house venues, maybe not as much attention as could have been given but hasn't been entirely neglected. >> that is a terrific question
and it raises the following question in my mind -- in today's media culture, is it conceivable that a wheelchair-bound president could conceal that fact from the american people for a data y ? >> a media day. >> when i suggest changes in communications made forms of communication reticence technologically impossible. that raises an important question. roosevelt knew what he was doing because he thought in the cultural context of his own time, disclosing a fact which in fact had no negative bearing on his capacity to lead might
disable him to become president of the united states and prevent him from doing so. what does that tell us? what it tells me is taken too far, a culture and communications environment of full disclosure may end up highlighting fact about individuals that deprive us of their services even though we would be well served to have those services. the culture of disclosure and act the government's price, not just morally distasteful. makes a real difference and not a positive one. >> thank you to the entire panel. tevi, congratulations on the book. appreciate your remarks about the michael bay movie showing fdr in a wheelchair, first-time
michael day, the explode diaz director in hollywood responsible for the transformer movies has been praised for historical verisimilitude. so i am the editor of the new atlanta a journal of technology. i would like to focus on the technological aspects threaded through the remarks here. i wonder if looking forward, and i am not asking for technological projections into the future but looking forward, whether we might see any trend to continue the story, chris's remarks kind of point out of fragmentation and segmentation you talk about having pointed out it could have a cost on governance and i wonder decade or two from now when we have a president who has been raised entirely in a the era of
fragmented segmented media, to this point we haven't yet. president obama was watching the cartoons children elsewhere were watching the point or two from now is it possible we will have presidents who are not really able to communicate with other parts of the culture because they are not with it in those other parts of the culture or to turn to some of what bill was talking about, the rise of virtual intimacy with the president. i wonder among the costs, whether there is a countervailing force, people are increasingly savvy about fake kinds of intimacy, the fall city of certain kinds of media intimacy. if somebody brings, if a president bring someone to the
white house today it is going to be understood to be a gesture, an intentional gesture and second-guessing and analysis even more than there was, why this was done, why this person was brought. i wonder whether media savvy among voters and the policy generally pushes back against the fake intimacy social media and other technology goes for. >> a couple points. thank you for not only your question but your support for this book project before i even had an agent on it you like this idea so thank you. in terms of the question whether there's a new technological chapter to be written i am quite confident that there is one. polk story of america is the story of new technological frontiers that are challenging the president and the people and thus to figure out how to deal
with them and adapt to them so there's a new chapter to be written but i don't know what that chapter is and readers of the new atlantis will be ahead of the curve figuring what it is the we don't know what it is but it will challenge our ability to not only communicate but relate to the president and for the president to relate to the larger body and that gets to your second point about the segmentation. we will have a president in the future race in this segmented culture who watches only fox news outlets or only a messnbc and has a certain view of the world that doesn't understand or recognize. some say president obama has this because of his -- he grew up in hawaii but his mainland experience was northeastern university's that gave him a certain view of the world. we will see more of that in the future and what presidents need to do to counteract it is recognized things that not only
make as american but uniquely american, things that tie us together as a society. they can do well in a segmented world. >> i think that is an important point. i want to underscore it. to put one mediocre credential on the table, and was walter mondale's issues director during his presidential campaign sell i know of paramount about ronald reagan, the politician, the president. as central part of reagan's brought appeal was that he grew up as a member of a political party that was not the party he belongs to when he was elected president. this was a president who voted for fdr not once, twice, four
times. this massive phenomenon of reagan democrats and he understood not only the mindset of his own party but the party that hosted, it wasn't enormous political asset. the fact a enormous political asset. the fact that president obama grew up in a monochromatic environment despite the foreign travel he did, he experienced by contrast the fact that bill clinton grew up in profoundly conservative rural arkansas and didn't have to read books about what it meant to be in a small town that didn't have a vigorous
economy and where the bible and guns weren't things you clung to if i may drop a reference but the find a way of life that had an integrity of its own gave him an enormous capacity to appeal beyond a narrow base of his own political party. i think that capriciousness of experience is critical if you want to lead a country which in the best of circumstances will have 40% of the population that doesn't agree with you and may not like you very much. >> you make an excellent point. i would also say obama is the counterexample. obama is the calendarexample. reagan was able to win two landslides because he had a broad understanding of both sides and knew how to speak to the broad middle of the country. only people on the extremes of either end didn't like him.
what obama has demonstrated, you can do narrowcasting. you can be very provincial, very conventionally left wing, you don't have to read anything the other side says and you can still squeak out two victories and still marginalized 48% of the population and with the help of the press and popular culture as we have been discussing you can still be successful in being reelected. >> but can you govern? >> oh, you want that? >> i am old-fashioned enough to believe an election campaign is an overture and the play doesn't begin until the curtains go up. absolutely. ceso the difference between a narrow partisan victory is night and day. >> i am earl cling.
let me take you back to the intellectuals, aubrey already at the point where a qualification to be a federal reserve chairman is to show that you are in touch with the people and relate to popular culture? ben bernanke, he is bailing out the banks, going out of their way to tell the story is going to nationals games and larry summers who is qualified to be a fed chairman had trouble relating to the people. are the intellectuals going to be part of this game? >> thank you for the question. let me suggest we are going in a different direction. harry truman is our last president not to have a college degree. george h. w. bush, the last president not to have a graduate degree. ronald reagan is the last president not to have a degree from harvard or yale or both.
perhaps we are moving in a more elitist direction intellectually at the same time there is a coarsening of the culture. >> one quick point, getting back to adam's question a little bit. i don't know it is in terms of the technology, maybe you will come up with something shorter than twitter and you only get four characters or something. >> all abbreviations. >> like in the matrix and we will just see the code and make sense of it that way. i think we were on the verge of a profound societal transformation because of technology and it is noncandidate straight into our heads. the rise of big data which people get paranoid about and only some of them are unjustified to be paranoid about it is getting to the point where large numbers of the american
people can be manipulated without trying to manipulate them. it is different from presidential rhetoric of the past when you would hear a president say my friends, don't listen to those bad guys, listen to me. now you have people who conduct mail because or phone calls for embedded and on the internet because of something they balked at wal-mart and they have no idea their lives are being politically track for marketing tracked and that has huge repercussions. also thinks this is a little off topic but the rise of the driverless, which is much closer than people realize willcar whi closer than people realize will profoundly change american culture. it is not your car anymore. you don't necessarily go where you want to go. it is wanting to manipulate people with ideas and another to
physically transport them in direction they don't want to go. it is a good point, appealing to the populism of the fed chairman. julien bender talks about how the second the masses get political consciousness the king becomes a slave to the masses and it used to be up to the king to decide what was in the national honor of the state in medieval europe but when you get to the enlightenment of a sudden it is up to the mob to tell the king the issue of the national honor. you can see this, in some roles like federal reserve chairman which is supposed to be the classic disinterested public servant immune from the pressures of government like the supreme court you can see this high-tech populism of american culture is now invading those places and you need someone who feels the pain of the average man in what is supposed to be a technocratic position.
that trend will continue. >> i want to agree with jonas unexpectedly on one point. and that is the profoundly transformative a fact of the driverless car. i have fought a lot about that and my prediction is it will quickly enable teenagers to use the back seat for god's intended purpose even when the car is in motion. may i take this opportunity to point out because tevi didn't, the single most astonishing fact in the book cramped with astonishing facts, pablo casals's concert in the kennedy white house, there was someone present at the concert who was also present at the first
concert he gave in the white house in 1904 and that was alice roosevelt longworth, teddy's daughter. talk about a sweep of history in one person, that fact blew me away. >> ladies and gentlemen, we at the hudson institute hope what jefferson read and president obama swede will be patweet wil american popular culture. peer have a copy today it will be signed and inscribed by the author. thank you for being with us today. i would like to thank william galston, and would like to thank and congratulate our author, tevi, wooley. we are adjourned. [applause]
is difficult to navigate. i was fortunate to be there, the structure the nuns had given me and the seminary had given me. i was also extremely fortunate because i had already been in predominantly white schools, the only black kid in my high school in savannah. the transition to school with very few blacks in a difficult set of circumstances academically and otherwise, i had a jump-start. i was ahead of the game so i have something. it allowed me to continue to do well even though it was very difficult. >> later today on c-span hear from two supreme court justices, clarence thomas and 9:00 p.m. followed by elena kagan at 9:45 eastern. this holiday weekend four days
of booktv on c-span2 including debra solomon on the life and art of norman rockwell. tonight at 9:30. and on american history tv on c-span3 the 150th anniversary of the gettysburg address. james mcpherson helps commemorate the tweet and sentences president lincoln spoke at the dedication at soldiers national cemetery at gettysburg at 4:00 and 10:00 p.m.. >> being a global problem, a closing of the gender gap between men and women we have traditionally known men drink more than women do but what has been happening recently is medicine declining in a risky drinking. women are not at all. this is global and more developed, the richer the country the smaller the gap between men and women's consumption. places like britain and france we are seeing parity where we are seeing young girls in a 20s dying of liver disease which is classically seen as an old man
disease. this is a health epidemic crisis, something we need to attention to an open up a dialogue about this. is our favorite drug. it is legal and most of us consume. >> that is correct, exactly. can you talk about the driving force? >> the driving force for me is decades old. i grew up with an alcoholic mother addicted to valium like a lot of women were in the 60s and 70s, dependent on mother's little helper. was a stay at home mom, a poster girl for that era. i have always been interested in why she drank the way she drank and one thing i said to myself is i never will land in my 50s i fell into really bad behavior with alcohol. had bad patch in my own life and i would say a poster girl for
this era, well-educated, highly professional woman, mother, and found myself drinking not tweet 2 glasses of wine but four or five or six a night. i slicken to some bad behavior. .. who said that in this country we have it all wrong. we stand up for judges but we said for teachers. let me say that again. we stand up for judges
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