tv Book Discussion CSPAN September 22, 2014 1:40am-2:03am EDT
"the gamble" professor lynn vavreck when you hear the term game change in politics what does that mean to you? >> guest: that is the great question.ñ >> that fundamental shift and if you are behind the net looks like you will start losing. >> host: are there game changers in the elections? >> guest: there can be. recently? not so much but there could be one in the future.
>> going back to that first debate between mitt romney in barack obama. >> this is a great example of what can happen with the unexpected the bins and cross sectional pulling. let me tell you a story. to the video a little before that. romney is caught on tape. so why should you care? that means we track the same people over one year and what we saw happen!y is people
who supported mitt romney early would move to be undecided. very few people ever do that. and tell the first debate mitt romney hits at home run. then those two were undecided came back. then the story that you heard is the grounds will support. just that little part of the electorate that was the most brilliant campaign movie ever made screw up early then bring everybody back home. but is the incredible example of how something looks like a game changer but it is not.
bin kneale does not move very much ever. people do but they cancel each other out they're not moving in the same direction. so there wasn't one moment to move everyone in one direction or another. >> host: why did barack obama win in 2012? >> providing over the slower growing economy things are set up for his advantage.
but not dash. >> host: is and always the economy, stupid? >> not always. but it does have a fundamental role but with the presidential election you could know the birthrate and you could predict pretty well sony 5% of the time although i fully admit i could win flipping a coin that we could do better than perform well have challengers were not responsible for the global financial crisis will do well. doesn't always happen that some cases those come out
winning ahead but those elections are always very close. so mitt romney had his work cut out for himd,ycn)v. >> host: how do we view our president? >> guest: there are a couple of different ways to think about how they make decisions. to of the most prominent theory is to understand voters bill like this is party identification is the signal and it is the shortcut am pretty efficient. if i know that most are republican and a candidate shows up and then i have to take the time to learn about
their issues because it is the shortcut. the second is said janet jackson period of what had you done for me lately? so talk about the presidential election to talk about the incumbent party what have they done for me lately? they reward performance. >> host: what is your position here at ucla? >> what class is to you teach? >> introductory to american politics and of course, on the 1960's interdisciplinary >> host: why did you call your book "the gamble"?
>> guest: we thought it was a great title because there were several bets being placed at the start of the election. as the campaign wore on to began writing and publishing. we needed it title that was a matter the outcome. so growing but slowly growing economy so what should they talk barack? should he point out that obama did not destroy the economy? but should they return the
incumbent president to the white house? or take their chances on a challenger who claims he could be better? and then trying to enter that conversation with a journalist. >> host: did mitt romney ever have a chance? >> guest: absolutely. guess. he has said chance. but it was always going to be hard for him. >> host: talk about the obama field strategy. you cover that and "the gamble". >> guest: reid dash unloaded and addresses before the campaign ended. we knew where they were.
so maybe it does not mean better investment $4 per boat. >> host: use a barack obama did not have the field operations still would have won? >> he did have the advantages extroverts with the overall margin. but in most states. >> host: lynn vavreck could mitt romney increase the field to win the election? >> guest: we don't think that is possible. but just to invest money in late advertising.
there is any advantage to what barack obama had with the economy he could not make that up in the last couple weeks. but they could not have purchased a net advertising. >> host: you have some mathematical analysis to say if they run an ad said they before rather than eight days? >> a couple of things. advertising is one of the interesting takeaways. but it does not last forever.
so late advertising makes a difference. it would have been impossible during the last week. >> host: are voters apathetic? >> in but that population that does show up. people are busy and working two jobs for them to figure out the polling place. the campaigns are doing of great job to the extent of
the of all electric is commendable goal but there are apathetic voters. one net of 10 people will do that people are really moving around a lot without party identification. >> host: looking at the numbers early 2016 poll. clinton 53. with political science? >> first it is weighed too early. but at this point everybody
was sure it wasn't a contest we ended up with barack obama and john mccain. but it is a huge driver of votes. with jeb bush says the republican is telling in their growth viable candidates. >> but the things to watch the democratic and incumbent >> it will be the democrats' election to lose. >> would back to siva health care debate the country has had. will that make a difference?
>> guest: based on the fact they voted for one party and for one to be in the other chamber. but the people whose spoke tend to be less informed about politics or politics in general. so not the more sophisticated voter. >> host: how did you get interested? >> po is interested when i was very young i was on vacation with my parents. to think about the condition and made a comment to my dad i hope the president could
make a comment about to help the mexicans did he said it is not a real election and i said what do you mean? and there were good campaigns and for people to make the best possible choice. >> host: why did he say that? >> it was one party rule with no constitution not the kind that i thought it was. >> host: where did you go to school? >> i went to cleveland bin and went to do graduate school. >> host: how long have you been at ucla? >> i have been here 12 years
>> who is your co-author? >> we knew each other but had no professional relationship rather than seeing each other at conferences. i have to say that capacity to start of very popular block and i thought if anybody can do this john can. to you want to do the survey with me? so it was up a gamble. >> is a hard to write a book coast-to-coast? >> but if you tried to do it quickly and less than one year if it is brilliant because therein is weeks we would work intel 8:00.