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tv   Book TV  CSPAN  November 16, 2014 7:54pm-9:01pm EST

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successfully so there is no reason to be leave the early results are not going to progress. and i can see that if i were one of the researchers i would i would have to say although i was at a conference and one of the researchers said look i have been working with this since 1966 and we are just trying to prove something that we know for fact is true so a fact is true so we are just jumping through hoops. but anyway that will progress and it will someday within 20 years i believe at least it will become a prescription therapy people can use. the question is do we really have to wait that long for all these people who might benefit from it to have the use of it. >> i want to thank you and i look forward to get the pages of the book is a pulsating. he will be around a few more minutes and books are in the
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back. >> try it with a blacklight. [laughter] >> he was a charming man. he was a great president and it didn't have to do much writing himself although his letters and his stories and arguments are well written indeed. the book that we published by him in his autobiography on american life he regarded as something being done by others. he went over it and he was a pleasure to be around. he had a very good relationship with margaret by phone because
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she was a woman that loved her forces and so was he and they both shared an interest in peace. that is the one time that we had a number of pigs on our car at the duchess county and it turned out ronald reagan had been very interested and never field with going to state fairs like the iowa state fair to go and visit with the winning ticket the iowa state fair. he was a charming man. >> you tell an episode in another life that he came to the office is to win his autobiography. i hear that it's a good book i will have to read it sometime. stack unfortunately it was true. but he wasn't deeply connected. mix in started out writing every become salt cause certain amount of editing.
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he would stack it up in front of him taking the yellow pad out and he took some pride in his work. ronald reagan i think wasn't essentially interested but i -- and he had this magnificent glass cabinet that stretched but contained every single sample she has been presented with during his gubernatorial and his acting and presidential career. a wonderful row of western all beautifully and he was so proud. he took one down and showed each one and described what it was and where it came from and who he presented it to. it was quite extraordinary. i described i think in the book
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when he visited his office what you got was a photograph of yourself with the president, which is part that he signed. they could sign it and put it into a frame for you and when he did that i realized as i grew up in the movie business that there was a mark on the floor of his office under this beautiful carpet there were two pieces of duct tape crossed so that you and he would step to the right place together for the picture to be taken. i am the giddy thursdays i thought it's extraordinary. he spent twice the president of the united states and he's still a movie actor. many publications are
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putting out there use to the list of books that were included in publishers weekly 2014. plaintiff back to a co-
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>> >> he was elected to the u.s. house of representatives in arizona 1982. and the senate 1986. he was the republican presidential candidate 2008 and now serving his sixth term in the senate. and my rent is the 107th president of the national press club. with a 42 year career with the associated press and has covered many world leaders. receiving his b.a. from ohio
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state university and high honors in:a university graduate school of journalism where he won a pulitzer fellowship. when he retired in 2004 myron joined the national press club and was asked to assume leadership of the international correspondence committee and worked to expand those international activities with the international media an international organization and diplomatic mission in washington d.c.. although he began his second career at their professorial instructor at george washington university. now i will leave this up to
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mr. bell kind and we will talk to you later for the q&a. it is all yours. [applause] >> in my capacity as the club's 107th president of the national press club. >> at least to our president of something. [laughter] >> but we're most honored to welcome u.s. the national press club american legion post 20. your book published today and also once acknowledged your co-author and your friend.
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[applause] senator mccain your book published today on veterans day profiles 13 soldiers from 13 wars from the of revolutionary war to iraq. of all the millions that served in the military how did you select those 13 to be the subjects representing each war? what criteria did you use and how did he do it? >> thank you to the press club for hosting this event and after i lost running for president i slept like a baby. i would sleep two hours and wake up and cry. sleep two hours and wake up and cried. [laughter] it is a special honor to be
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here not only my co-author the hardest working of our partnership, a mark salter we have been together many years. and our daughter samantha. [applause] and then you put your finger on the hardest part. with the different context with the different kinds to put it in the context of some degree for example, joseph martin joined the
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connecticut it militia and nearly starved to death. and dave geography of this experience. in den to be subject to all kinds of violations that was the best profession around me. it was almost mutiny and to know how many years you have to wait before a pension? the last one michael monsoor was the navy seal highly trained, highly capable highly motivated to the
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point where he sacrificed his lives to save the lives of his fellow seal members. between those two is really remarkable. and then with the afghan conflict when you read this story not only of her courage but capabilities 20 percent of the casualties of anybody that was wounded they've lived. so now 90 percent better wounded are saved when you read of the trading and the capabilities, they carry everything but a weapon. the ied went off she would russian. there are reasons we talk about her because it is within the arguments of women are capable to engage
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in fighting or not. i think women are entirely capable. [applause] sorry for the long answer but that is of a difficult part you want to find people in the context of their times. and a couple of people are scoundrels. but at their moment in time they performed and that is what they are trying to say here's be back . >> specifically we are truly honored to have with us today's sergeant perry roads serving as the army reservist from western
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pennsylvania. it may be hard to say this but why did you choose her to be the subject of the one soldier profiles from the persian gulf? >> guest: it was a context. that steepening army was all volunteers that has gotten smaller and smaller. so now our driving reserve today, 12 years ago the special the guard, from the flatter something they were called out to direct traffic but today that guard and reserve is doing that that combat the army navy marines and air force and then some
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are flying the c-130 surround summer trained and ready to go. she heard the of call. and saw a very tragic event which frankly she thinks about every day. every single day but yet in ordinary citizen. so one of the things we try 2.0 our citizen soldiers responding to the call the vietnam veterans were not treated well when they came home that is a fact.
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but i am so pleased today to see the people the honors that we bestow on our men and women. it is about one of the happiest days that we have. [applause] >> host: says you just alluded to the persian gulf war to a combat zone in military history. my question is graduating with someone from the naval academy that the women in your lifetime would play
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such an active role of combat and then even today with the military. >> a much greater service than women on a given credit for. rosy the ridder whether the women's army corps including the nursing corps so i don't think women never got the credit. there are standards we expect everybody to meet
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gender neutral they meet those standards. and i have run into very capable positions of command number to united states navy that the vice chief of naval operations is a woman. they command a squadrons and ships. i think the argument is over to be honest and i think it is done and it should be. but there was a time in our history with they had a different role in society bad now as far as i can tell they should have the equal opportunity to serve. >> host: turning to vietnam where you flew combat missions until you
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were shot down in hell does of prisoner of war until 1973. to say somebody else was the author of 13 soldiers you would be selected to be profiled. you chose the pilot and then with dozens of other pows. but why was he so special? >> he received a congressional medal of honor.
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but i try to make this as short as possible but still the most heavily -- heavily defended airspace in its history was north vietnam. tens of thousands of anti-aircraft guns thousands of surface-to-air replacements they did not come out all the time. and then to have taken in place don't ask me to explain. >> they still hurt all these years later we lost so many
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mint to the surface-to-air missiles so many were destroyed by the way there is very strong evidence they were run by russians. so in order to counter the the surface-to-air missiles they would go in early to try to attack the sites in the area were the main attacks would come in. they came in than stayed until after words they shot them down we headways of rescuing pilots to secure
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the area so helicopters would pick them up. and then was attacked and shot down again. and then to have more missiles fired at them. and then were shot at with a surface-to-air missiles and one was lost he had to go back with the tanker he had no fuel and then in glided to the base than the engine stopped because he was out of fuel and it is an incredible story of aviation
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skills and terrorism. he was doing that it is the combination of bravery and commitment and love. so then i ended up in the same cell with him many years later. with those feelings of inspiration. [applause] >> host: i want to turn to chapter four with the civil war and the subject of the
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soldier rose from first to hit tenet to captain from the massachusetts volunteers. and in our country's history from the massachusetts supreme court in the u.s. supreme court over 30 years in 1902 and 1932. and when you wrote that memorial day address in 1984 and then to be called from the civil war meant to say how these men were transformed by war by the suffering and loss that attended their transformation.
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that it was given to us to learn at the outset. that is oliver wendell holmes, jr.. and then including the united states senator. >> can i say a couple words about oliver wendell holmes? the regiment with a graduate of harvard also had german-speaking immigrants were put in the regiment together they fought in some of the bloodiest encounters of the civil war. casualty rates were very high. he was wounded in the neck. i can imagine what that would have been like but his
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bother who was the famous author walk to the battlefields searching for his son believing he was dead and caught up later it was a remarkable story but they to incredibly high casualties but then to look at the conflicts united states has been involved in. it is remarkable when it is necessary to figure out what kind of nation it will be so
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he was a remarkable man. with the realities of four but he never forgot to in gave the speech and would bring his lunch to work in the ammunition box to remind him what he and his comrades had undergone. it is hard to define exactly the first of all, is the obvious. you can imagine how i appreciate every day
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freedom. then to be blessed and the hero of company of hero's but it was men that tried to keep us from communicating with each other why i spent nearly three years in solitary confinement because they knew if we could communicate we could organize so the key indication was led by the men that were outstanding leaders. they made us capable of doing things that we could not do because of the motivation and leadership what they wanted from us was confessions of war crimes. the military information was nothing.
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to attack our country for the unjust war. i knew when i came back that to give reformation to the senior ranking officer in a wanted him to know i had done whenever i could to resist these efforts. so you forge a bond then one guy was there two years and moved out i never saw what he looked like intel's three years later. so i think my comments stay with me every day. why did you give that speech? how could you do that? i get a lot of constructive
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criticism. [laughter] so that is the real take away from my experience there. and also because of the vietnamese their onetime broke me and i signed a confession i found out i was not a perfect person. >> host: we will ask the senator one or two more questions. normally when a political leader writes a book they say they are running for president. >> guest: and that is safe to say that was not the intent of this book. >> host: but i would like to ask a political question.
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one year ago today republicans won control of u.s. senate and the enhanced majority in the house how optimistic are you there gridlock of the past would be transformed into a new era of bipartisanship including key issues such as immigration. what role do you plan to play as the senate armed services committee chair? >> we are committed to going back and bring back debates and votes. one of the reasons i am optimistic we can do that in the effective way now it is up to us to govern we cannot blame harry reid i like to do that but i cannot do that anymore.
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and what you have to do if we elect a republican president in 2016 to show americans we can govern so there is significant motivation to do so. and then to have good relationships for a long time. have jack reed from rhode island will be the ranking member except for his education which was at west point. [laughter] he is a very fine man and we will get along fine. >> host: what role you
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play? >> guest: now we are in sequestration that is decimating the military that they. we have to change that also ready to understand the challenge we are facing manhasset of strategy that shapes the budget and not the budget that shapes the strategy. [applause] we need to do that. second, we have to have hearings because right now does anybody know what the strategy is? the president has set a goal to defeat isis does anybody know what the strategy is to achieve that goal? we will have to have hearings and call him up to say what will redo? how will we do it? how much will it cost? what do you need? and want to work with the president but he will have
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to give us a strategy that we can help him implement. it is the job of congress to authorize and appropriate. that is our constitutional responsibility. i want to work with the president, there is too many things at stake that isis the threat is enormous and greater challenges under the cold war if you look at it from some perspectives but the front page of "the new york times" today they're radical extremist islamic organization in egypt has now announced their allegiance to isis? they're success breeds success that is attracting young man and some women all over. not just the middle east but europe and even here in the
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united states. it is a growing threat and we have to work together. >> host: thank you very much for this conversation. the senator joseph format and we were honored to take his suggestion. now we will open it to the audience and i was just handed a question from a representative you have here tonight. [laughter] what is your expectation is the relationship between the united states and russia and ukraine will change now that the republicans are in control of congress? >> guest: let me point out to my friends that covers a large spectrum because one
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year ago i was censored by the arizona republican party for being too liberal. also i was sanctioned by vladimir putin after race sanctioned russia, he sanctioned to be. [laughter] isis on there first online periodical said i was a number one in the whole world was john mccain. and then about one month ago fidel castro gave an interview and said massaged massaged, the israeli secret service john mccain is responsible for isis so we cover a bought -- a broad spectrum of political bases around the world. i am very, very upset about russian behavior that they will might give ukrainians
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weapons to defend themselves as the russians dismember their country. there is more tanks and equipment going into eastern ukraine and it is obvious vladimir putin wants to take whole eastern side all the way down to the land bridge of crimea. though he puts enormous pressure on the baltics in his own words he wants to restore the old russian empire. it does not mean we're back to the cold war in the square was 200,000 people in self freezing weather, or days because they wanted the free country and the element in power that now there and able to achieve that.
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so we will have a great deal to do with the behavior vladimir putin. >> what is your opinion of the u.s. military drone program? >> and interesting thing happened a few days ago and drove to a coffee and landed on an aircraft carrier. there is no doubt in my mind those interconnected by aircraft they could wait for 12 hours but there is a lot of other countries with the same capability we don't have the exclusive franchise. so you will see a much greater role for drones and though lesser role for the
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manned aircraft. we know what happens to american pilot there is no repercussions of that. and the drone that could stay on station for 12 hours, then why not? but for a moral standpoint i do have some qualms thinking that somebody sitting behind the consoles brings death down on people. i do have a little trouble of that kind of warfare. there that should never be easy and attractive. so we will have to think of our way through this part of warfare it will be with us in the future but it will
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present us with some real questions that we have to work our way through. >> at one of our televised lunches last friday secretary bob mcdonnell spoke of his intent to move on from the past and with the staff who were responsible and other issues. and then to cut down though waiting list to provide services faster and better. how confident are you he can fill these desires? synechism and a qualified not often am i embarrassed about my country or ashamed but when it started with the
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phoenix veterans hospital people died because they were waiting for care, i cannot think adequately whether black markets is that is. he is a good man. i hope he does not get caught up in the bureaucracy. we have been and impatient with the firing of the people responsible. we gave him the responsibility and i would like to see more e efficiency there. there is also waste and inefficiency. but i would also like to see some firings to get people's attention. >> host: we ask him that question last friday and
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they said they're going through the process. but we will have to wait and see. >> guest: it is always my belief it is not shared by every veteran or veterans' organization of a bite to have every veteran have a card that is a choice and it should go wherever that veteran wants to go to get the care that he or she thinks they need. [applause] >> as we approach these sentinel into the first world war will we get of world war i memorial on the mall? our great soldiers have been overlooked. >> it is interesting that is the case because i did steady history.
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it had more impact on the 20th century than any other event the use of europe the versailles treaty that gave rise to fascism but the impact is up-to-date drawn between iraq and syria with their british kernels. and that bloodletting is beyond anyone's imagination. i think the british lost 30,000 killed and wounded the first day. the numbers overwhelm you. so even though the united states came in late and one
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of the people we've rightabout fought in the battle against the germans americans and marines it is entirely appropriate to be honest but only to honor those that sacrifice but to recognize the conflict had proportions that my imagination does not encompass. as a very young boy a rota seminal book. i reckon -- recommend it to understand clavichord her -- sell for. >> you talk about humility as much as courage to make
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service people hero's explain how that works of the use of the word humility? >> i was in prison with individuals in world war ii veterans a couple that were aces in the korean war. one honor i had the honor to meet with a genuine heroes there of modest individuals. you almost have to pry it out of them. i think there humbled because they have that kind of character for that congressional medal of honor. to head the justice little
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bit uneasy. it is that important aspect of all of us. >> and i have told we will extend and due to more questions but i think the senator has the prerogative to say we can do to more questions. starting with the first phase of my father? >> after all these years and was thinking about something in retrospect and being
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involved in the united states senate for its is something that we should do. >> is going back to this book "13 soldiers" is there a movie or a miniseries? >> guest: it would have to be a miniseries. [laughter] but thank you for coming by no the traffic is convoluted. and i appreciate you being here and thank you so much it has been a great privilege did my life to
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meet americans like mary rhoads and many others and every day i do express my feelings inside to the men and women serving our country that we honor. and those unfortunately we did not honor our veterans that is an embarrassment to meet that is more than made up and i am a little biased i have two sons in the military is better than what my generation was. [applause] >> we have a tradition at the national press club as a small token of our appreciation but tonight i
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want to represent the first month to you. [applause] and also to you senator mccain. [applause] we will always remember veterans day 2014 when senator john mccain here tonight. i know he will stay to sign books and we cannot thank you enough for your service and all you do for the country. [applause]
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[inaudible conversations] >> we are the special collections at the university of wisconsin in madison and in 1914 that goal of the exhibit is to commemorate the 100 year
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anniversary to highlight the collection of the university library system as well as the historical society with artifacts related to not only wisconsins role in the war but what was happening in each country when the conflict began in 1914. war broke out summer of 1914 and a hang gary and was assassinated and by a serbian whose goal was to bring all served together in one country independent of sunbury and control after the assassination to the air of the throne austria put pressure on serbia to give them -- allow them to have an investigation and austria are actually serbia acquiesced meet to use their
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own police in the serbian territory. when they mobilized against syria that they would help defend the serbs in germany asked them to mobilize and russia would not back down in there was a cascading effect in support of russia and britain declares war. >> that is the strength of the holdings of the university of wisconsin. croswell also is happening in belgium and france.
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>> so the first cases in the collection focuses on the outbreak of the war in different countries. here is the german mobile weiser's within though war. as crowds or assembled in berlin and right here the kaiser is in front of the royal palace. some of the more interesting aspects so just in this case we have those that were in germany during the war and calling on germans not to
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forget their colonies not only fighting the territory in europe but also africa but then to show solidarity with the combatants. vitter was the symbol they can wear to signify there loyalty. to be heavily represented in the collection was anti- german. it focused on the german invasion of france. germany violated neutrality and that is why the bloody knife stabbed to the treaty but also with images like this image from reality
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calling a military necessity and then then they try to save thousands of children. and then they are committing crimes but then in conjunction with that with the book's editor put out to tell the truth said german war just to highlight the atrocities of germany against the civilian population. germany verses civilization the idea that germany is not fit to stand among western europe.
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and to start this war with the un just conflict of civilians. >> the print culture is so and financed so it is not the first time for propaganda but certainly propaganda but it tries to get americans to join the war. but america is neutral third 1917 and the materials try to show that america needs to fight because it is unjustified but there is a clear case of people represented by germany that needs to be stopped before further damages done to
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belgium. all cases are overstated. it is true that german did have reprisals that if there was a sharpshooter than to fight them germany would shoot unarmed civilians but then the idea that germany would bayonet german babies was not true. and with the second world war this these the allies to downplay the atrocities of the germans because the case was so overstated in the first war. in each of the outbreaks they try to capture the mood of the country to get out what is the message of all of these different sources.
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so in the case of france that france has been attacked by germany so they gave to rise up to defend the home front said to have a french soldier in the woods to know that germany will not gain any more territory. then these images of your that they leave straight out of paris to confront germany on the western front. there are a lot of memoirs written about the first world war and one of the most popular was the experience and then to
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praise that combat experience though there is much more trauma of combat but what is interesting is they come after the war. with that experience it is not widely circulated during. with the french for the german case the crowds waved gather there was a sense that all political differences need to be set aside that kaiser says i no longer perceived political parties i just see germans. with the idea united we can conquer our foes.
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with the first world war ix of the country's headed territorial stake. the war of germany when they decided to engage france and russia with no real legal cause to attack after declaring war on russia was a war of 1871 that germany won quickly against the french army so the idea that they would be home by christmas that germany thought they could quickly arrived in paris and force a treaty then take a little more territory and the conflict would be over. nobody imagined that it would be a stalemate of bloodshed of the previously unknown scale.
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and there was a sense of knowledge said it would be a cataclysmic confrontation just in the first weeks when the combat began on the western front it was very effective defensive weapons so like barbwire, machine-gun, rifles that are good for holding a position that not breaking through. as the war developed each side attempted to find weapons to counter the very strong defensive position that was opposite them in the western front. this ticket number of developments like poison gas, the flame thrower, the tank, guns on airplanes, all of which were aimed to get
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over the trenches in some ways though they tried to highlight these technologies and rehab of map what it was like to be in the interior of the tank. this required six men in a very, very cramped conditions technology took different turns. one of the biggest results of the changes of warfare were casualty's it just drove up the numbers. one of the reasons that neither side was willing to back down because they tried to make the sacrifice worth something to come up with the reason that so many men had given their lives for
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something and it meant something. so that was helping to drive that technological innovation that would finish off the opposition to the to peace. and then to defeat the enemy in such a way to have no choice. , but it would not be a? fight. that it would be hers j.j. european event to share the balance of power within the european society and why -- and the way it was structured. they knew they would collapse but they could not stop once ameritech joint so
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they ask a civilian government to go into a piece of the kaiser went into exile for the unconditional surrender and ultimately the treaty signed was the treaty of versailles the germans were forced to a knowledge they were responsible for the of four to pay the war indemnity to reimburse france and britain for the cost of the war. and partially that kills to lead to the second world war because of the hitler campaign promising he will change the treaty which germans would view as unfair they did not see themselves as solely responsible.
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. . every religion involved battles and bloodshed resulting in a permanent bond between war and faith. this program is about an hour.


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