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tv   BOOK TV  CSPAN  August 16, 2015 10:53am-12:01pm EDT

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it's a subscription service for books. several competitors are working in this area and one of those companies is called oyster. matt schatz is with oyster books and mr. schatz how are you structured? what is oyster #. guest: we are the go to reading app for people like to read books on their mobile devices and either want to spend $9.95 a month to read an unlimited selection of over 1 million titles and also now for people who prefer to buy their e-books one by one. we are available on the iphone, we are available on the iphone, the ipad and all android devices, any device with a browser. host: so you started off as a subscription service. guest: correct, 995 per month and you get books from whom. guest: we work with many many publishers and distributors, we we have over 1 million books
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now,. host: so in a sense is it like a library? guest: what we are really focused on something that we don't think others are which is re-creating that great corner bookstore and bringing it to mobile devices which we believe is the most common way that people read. we do that with an emphasis on the beautiful design, easy and intuitive user experience, great book recommendations from dedicated editorials and our design team. spee1 where did this idea for oyster come from? spee2 it was was formed in the summer of 2012 we introduced our first consumer product which is our iphone app and the summer of 2013. it was founded by three guys, i think there are two things going through their mind, number one they didn't see any reading
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experience that they thought was a great mobile reading experience. phones, tablets, devices, tablets, devices that people have with them all the time are very natural platform for reading and they didn't think there was a reading space they're happy with. in addition addition they looked at what was happening elsewhere, the subscription model is and saw that wasn't happening with books either. at its core the subscription service lets the reader try a book without having to decide whether or not to do via book and that actually is incredibly powerful with what people read. host: why not have all major publishers? spee2 first of all we all working with all the major publishers today, if not on our subscription subscription business than on our retail store which we launched last month. we have all the leading publishers with us and we have
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their entire e-book catalog for sale, i think it's there to say that in general the publishing industry has been very receptive and have been happy with what we're doing. were happy with our partnership with them and on the subscription side we have three of the big five publishers, we have all the harry potter books, we have i'm guessing about 18 to 20 top publishers. we've been a round for a couple of years. host: so inexpensive competing with booksellers, libraries, and amazon, is that fair. guest: yeah i guess in a way that's true, in a way we think about it subscription and retail, and libraries are all nicely coexist for many years to come just as print and digital will coexist for many years to come.
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writers want to re-reach as many readers as possible and there is not i1 size fits on answer as to how it's going to be done in the future. we think oyster will be a major force that connection going forward. host: if a reader goes to oyster, take the book off the bookshelf off the digital books shelf how does the writer get paid? does the writer get revenue from that reader pulling his or her book? guest: we deal directly with the publisher so i can speak to that piece of it, generally the way it works is a winner reader reads past a certain point in the book and that the negotiated contract term but it's an industry standard, that triggers something that says we pay the publisher for that sale. the publisher would then pay the author in the traditional and typical ways they pay the author but that's between the publisher and the author. >> kenna reader keep a book on his or her bookshelf digitally
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or do they have to return it to oyster question mark. >> as long as they are paying the $9.95 a month 95 cents a month they have on limited and ongoing access to the book, so there is no sort of timer rental component. it doesn't disappear in two weeks, there's no q or waiting for the book. if book. if they stop paying the monthly subscription. there is no permanent ownership if you access the book through our subscription model. we also have a retail store so if you want to buy your book or have permanent ownership in e-book form you can do that as well. host: why did you go to the retail store as well question mark. guest: well we really want to serve all readers, we we can appreciate that some readers love our subscription models and others that may not be ready to try. we are happy to be agnostic, we want to build the best reading experience on the mobile device and we want to serve all the readers.
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we can also appreciate that even within books, there are books that have a built-in audience and authors who have a built-in audience and so than as a new book out, it makes perfect sense of the model, their other books that don't have a built-in audience or don't get a lot of marketing support and or that have been around for a long time and they could use a lot of help. we think subscription is a great way to do that. we see that readers in our subscription model are reading a large array of books that aren't typically being sold in retail. host: what is your background? guest: my background originally, i have an mba, i'm a business guy as opposed to the classic english lit. i grew up reading books for a long time after i got my mba in
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2005 i was asked to join random house. >> : .
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with oyster books. if his booktv on c-span2. >> i was watching him all of a sudden i looked out the window and i had to run down the days
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to get my brothers and sisters then i came back -- [inaudible] i couldn't get here fast enough. everything was getting in the way and i couldn't realize what was going on. i started running his greening up and down the street but i couldn't see my house until i got in the house. >> the plane crash occurred junior 161965 and occurs early that morning at 9:30 a.m. the plane went down at 20th and pine street in the northeast end of wichita. he crash landed in a section of wichita typically referred to as the african-american community. 97% of the african-americans were living in the section of wichita so it goes down to 20 and empires three away talk in a 500 foot-high fireball involves the entire block. 14 homes immediately destroyed in the fires everywhere, destruction everywhere and 30 lives are lost through the
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tragedy. i found anything in the historical record the businesses why did get to the attention it deserves. but i did find is a lot going on in 1965 america. i addressed three wars occurring. the war in vietnam in a massive amount of our troops have been in under london b. johnson. the war on poverty declined by lyndon johnson and of course the war for equality. all of that is consuming headline for notches 1965 but seemingly the entire decade. these are the times i set up for the 1960s because these were turbulent times. everything in selma, racism was ubiquitous across the nation. because of that discretion and of itself did not get the attention it deserves because it happened end quote and grow small town u.s.a. wichita kansas
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butte i arrived in 2003. i've never been to kansas before. i'd no idea what the history of kansas was. i knew the "wizard of oz" and todo and that was about it. you can imagine me take it in my surrounding and listening to instruct yours were there. there's something called the first-term airmen center and during this time it is and then briefing. i learned about the history of the city and all these things have happened and there's a short lawyer about this is where the first non-national disaster occurred and i asked a question about that and i didn't get the answers i wanted and i didn't get the answer i wanted then. i found there was no substantial history there. i could not believe 30 lives were taken, no memorial and is and remains the non-national disaster in history there is not. that started my initial entry
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quick deployment to iraq and various other things in the air force had it not time dive into it more. i became a police officer in a station break there in that community rep at 20th and time. i got to know the people over the ears than i got to hear the misconception admits that where there and down the street wichita state university the archives. that essentially begins a story for me to learn more about it. >> this is an amazing story from the standpoint of the men in and of themselves who were never supposed to be in wichita. at the last minute they get orders to head to wichita in the taken unique refueling mission called ironically operation lucky number. they arrived in wichita on a tuesday which was january 12th and from that time they are not able to take off due to weather. terrible weather in kansas at the time. finally captain smock, the leader, commander of the crew
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asked for approval to take off of saturday january 16. we just want to get back home. they were stationed in oklahoma and said we want to get back home. go ahead. you have approval to do the mission. it is a unique refueling mission. they were supposed to hook up with the b-52 bomber, the long-range bomber for the refuel bomber and had back to clinton sherman air force base in oklahoma. the problem arises that morning about 11 degrees outside in the men arrived at the baseball before 8:00 a.m. they get ready to go in at 9:27 a.m. they depart. they leave the runway with 31,000 gallons of jet you'll and three minutes into the flight the pilot calls mayday, mayday, mayday and are never heard from
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again. that is essentially where the story begins on the junior 16th morning the seven men who are essentially fighting for their lives in this plane now over wichita in a crowded neighborhood. these are well conditioned men. the commander had 12 years in the air force. that is one of the things that help looking at rumors that came about as checking the service jacket for captain smock and really looking at how season they were, how good they were pilot. but when disaster strikes, sometimes skill doesn't matter. they only had a matter of seconds and it was simply impossible. when i arrived in the neighborhood before talking to people and ask them what happened, did make it came out immediately a few years ago as a crash to kill african-americans. you can understand how that can be stimulated over the years but
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it was simply untrue. that is one of the rumors that came about because a lot of african-americans were living in this crumbled section. the rumor was the plane crashed on purpose and a crash to kill african-americans and now is exacerbated by the people who came into the community right after the tragedy. there was the complaint that went about that once the investigators were done, once police picture from the community there was no one there to protect the big guns in the sense that people would come in their souvenir hunters everywhere and people spreading the rumors and why it occurred and said that cost a lot of debate comes to be upset. the rumors began to stir. a crash because there was a parachute back in the engine. a crash because the pilots were
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inebriated. all these things came about that are terrible when you understand the event in the true facts that are there and terrible when you understand what the families are going through and she hear these things come about via that is what happens when there's no one there to clear the misconception to look at the record and produce a substantial history on it and that something i didn't find while i was there and that prompted me to do something about it. the air force of course that our pilots didn't do anything wrong and that fence. they were performing a routine training operation which was a refueling operation and they were right in that sense. the federal government had a difficult time responding to this event and i say that in the sense there was a federal torts claim act that limited the amount of compensation that the m.'s could receive. a $5000 cap. that's not a lot. when you talk about 23 victims on the ground that's not a lot in compensation issued out.
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the federal government had to deal with that. air force had her preparation payments or thousand dollar monthly payment in the community. data command post at 21st. this is for anyone who could come in come the sign paperwork and get some type of reprieve, some type of payment for their immediate concerns. as they do this, they find not very many people want to come and sign paperwork. they don't want to receive a thousand dollars and they didn't understand why they recruit jim garman, one of the only african-american recruited at the time to help out with the community and understand they don't trust the government. they had a tough time assisting the people because there is such mistrust there. the federal government has a tough time because there's cap simply is. it takes one man, werner schreiber went to law school in topeka and he helps to let the $5000 bid. by that time most big guns had
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litigation through their own attorneys. justice lewis been one of them and they looked the least they could receive compensation outside of the administrative claim process. it really didn't help that it does and not added to the tragedy because in the end most received a few thousand dollars for the loss of a loved one with the lowest payment was $400 for the life of an adult $700. we're not talking about great amounts issued out. in many cases the loss of property or property damage paid more than loss of a loved one paid monetary compensation can never equate to loss of life. in this case it created that are nice because they did not feel there is restitution. in many cases, the same across the board with e. janine or has
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been gets a knock on the door and realizes it's the air force and the chaplain and she can't the heartbreaking news that her husband has now perished and she is given a thousand dollars by the colonel who is there. he hands her that infest this is for your current affairs. please get those in order but don't think about suing. one of the last thing he says as he departs her home. other than that she doesn't receive anything aside and benefit from her husband and that was bad. on the other side and inhibitor lost her brother who's on the plane. in this particular tragedy she remembers specifically in something i put in the bug the western union telegram that she still has to this day a telegram saying sorry for your loss. danny was killed on the plane tonight is the last they heard.
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they found me. i find i still didn't know how the plane crashed. they had no idea permits and misconceptions in place 50 years later. they didn't receive any compensation and we know that the guns did not receive any compensation. you can see how this continued to fester over years on the open wound. i'd like to say the community wrote this book. i started out with what was really going to be an article about it and i got phone calls from across the country from people who live in arizona, living the next and live in d.c. boston and other areas he said i have someone who perished for a new someone and i was there at the time and i want to tell you my story. what initially started as an article turned into a book from their because of the stories that began to pour in. one of the challenges we have is
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getting the primary source material. if it's not there in the record, how do you create the story? i was fortunate that the community and the united states elixir at her country contacted me, gave me their story and after a couple years the air force gave me the report after a four-year request. this is a heavily redacted report finally given to me. of course there's mistrust their on what i would do what the report of what i wanted to share. i wanted the truth to be out. what happened in that sense is a technical term in the aviation community caught unscheduled writer diffraction. when a plane takes off and has unscheduled rudder deflection, the largest control service on the plane either ms. ryder left in whichever way it is that turns the nose of the plane. this particular case with a
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malfunction in a combination of cap the autopilot malfunctioning chance the router in one direction or plane turns upside down and heads into a nosedive. they were fortunate enough to recover engines and test those at tinker air force base and also recover the tail section they could pass and be able to determine this is why the plane crash occurred to the autopilot while functioning in combination with the writer caused this to happen. in the report i was able to find this was talked about in days prior to the crash between the pilot and the other pilot on the b-52 is that i see that you're rather its squarely. it's moving back and forth and so they are communicating. it is scary when you read the report because you know that ultimately led to the accident occurring.
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it's tough to answer for 1965 and i don't know why the families did not get copies of the accident report. i make copies of the report and send it to the families to say these are the finding them at the air force found. there is one good reason for the reduction and that is you don't want personal information of the crewmen to be out there there's a lot of personal information. the other thing to keep in mind is that still flying today so there's certain things there'll not released to the public in terms of the airplane and keep secrets about functionality that they didn't want the public to know at the time. other than that i don't have an aunt or for why the community at large and specifically why families didn't get a report because i know some of them petitioned the air force for it and as i said it took a four-year request for me to get a copy of it but i was so glad i got a copy because now families can say definitively this is what happened on the plane.
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this is a great quote from judith turman. in the boat she says remembering and telling the church about the terrible tragedies, those are prerequisites both for the hearing of individual that comes. we need to talk about these things but also the restoration of the social order and a lot of times we miss that for things to go to normal we need to talk about them and every time i speak about the event in a community setting i can see families come out and talk about it indicates that a sense that we are getting the software chess. many families come in many loved ones around today who never spoke about it and now they have an avenue to talk about it.
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>> one mike speeten we met with mark wahlgren summers about his book translates which examines the role fear plays in reconstruction following the civil war. >> i've been facing reconstruction in a lot of years. i've been tracing down corruption in the way the newspapers got the wrong story. the book about "a dangerous stir," about paranoia, i was dealing with america coming out of the most devastating war it had. three quarters of a million americans died in this war, an incalculable number. for that virtually all of our wars in the middle of the 20th century put together. i was looking at the way people respond to how you put the country back together again. for many historians the idea is likened the two sides come together? why wasn't there a compromise between those that wanted to do as little reconstructing as
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possible and those who did in a radical way. why wasn't there a reasonable alternative? for a reasonable alternative unique reasonable people. what happened to just about everybody out there has wild paranoid fantasies that people are out to undermine the republic? what if they think the people they deal with are people not disagreeing with them about political positions are part of a conspiracy to destroy american freedom and that they are bent on mass unless they begin to have evidence this is the case. wars don't just cause tremendous physical habit could harm to human beings. they do. they don't just destroy towns. they destroy conceptions. they destroy people's sense of rationality. things you believe the impossible suddenly become very possible and then you see them
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anywhere. you imagine what is happening if you are a white plan for a southerner and when christmas comes there's an uprising of the former slaves and they are going to kill everybody said that they can get hold of their land, that they are going to bush or men, women and children. you imagine breathing not. among what things you do is to start reading the former slaves cap and can take their guns in our fingerprint of their right to bear arms. you clamp down and you do a little judicious scaling. nothing remotely like that. was there any reality to the fear that black people set free after the end of the war were going to go their masters are their masters wise and butcher them? the start of bath?
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of course not. the only blood that's in the south were white folks killing black folks because while they were slaves they were property. they had value, respect for property, but now they are not property. they are fair game. imagine the louisiana were on the course of 10, 20 years you've got 2500 black people getting killed by white people. imagine 500 racially motivated assault and killing south or a white against black. that is the reality out there. you know what iraq was sprayed in 2003, 2004. iraq in 2004 is the louisiana in 1868. it's bloody, ugly and terrifying and this is going on. it is a scary time. you couldn't imagine once the war was over the president of
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the united states to be killed by an assassin who meant to decapitate the government of competitors they could rise again. you wouldn't imagine anybody has an assassin would believe abraham lincoln intended to make himself emperor and was a threat to the republic and he was like brutus killing caesar. but that's the reality of john wilkes booth. you can believe maybe andrew johnson was part of the conspiracy to finish off the successor so he could get to the top. you could believe there was part of a long-standing conspiracy by the democratic party to kill any president who wasn't a democrat. you may say that's crazy you say. since the democratic party was founded under andrew jackson, who were the president of the opposition party. the first was henry harrison and
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within a month he died in our face. they said it was pneumonia. next to zachary taylor and he's not in the way of the south and he died in office. how convenient it was. then there was abraham lincoln. quite a nice pattern. you've got prominent democrats saying you should elect democrats because you can guarantee they won't die in office. what kind of message does that end? you are beginning to sense there might be a wider, broader conspiracy out there. people believed it. they thought it was there. it is all part of a mindset. if you call the president of the united states who believes members of congress are out to kill him, who compares himself to christ, who thinks members of the congress plan to kill
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8 million americans in the south, we are talking about the love of rationality that is incredible supposing the president of the united states said today well, you want me to say who are players of the united states? i say mitch mcconnell. i say speaker boehner. i say the heads of fox news and all of their kind are traitors of the united states. are you aware the plan of the united states congress is to kill at least 8 million americans? but suppose it congress, the body that claims himself to be the congress that the united states, suppose the president of the united states said that. this guy needs to be carried off to the cookie factory. this person belongs in a rubber room. he would say this is a serious
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nutcase. andrew johnson in 1866, president of the united states is doing exactly that. may think this is rational. i think this is very dangerous. the guy that looks that way, you're beginning to laugh if he is calling it the alleged congress or a body hanging on the edge of government that declares itself to be of congress, you might ask what is he going to do about it? is he going to use the army to toss it out and put in the congress he wants? if possible, don't you think? it could have been, don't you think? that is when you begin to get into a cold sweat. america 1866. andrew johnson was a brave patriotic able talented tennessee slaveholding
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politician who stood by the american flag when others but not to the stars and became a military governor during the war, became president when abraham lincoln was assassinated. a democratic president elected on an essentially republican ticket to balance it off in 1864. andrew johnson's courage, principle, believes the constitution binds government in our real and sincere. his contempt for black people is also very real, very sincere. andrew johnson wanted to bring the concept together as fast as possible as a way of making sure that the bitterness of the war would not continue. in 1865 used his presidential authority to start the process with state governments run by white southern conservatives to dominate the south and in fact
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even if johnson didn't want it come as something as to slavery as possible would be imposed upon free black people. when the congress tried to adjust and change this, not to give blacks the vote, to give them essential basic right to hold property, to testify in court committed that johnson that johnson was on their side. when johnson vetoed the civil rights bill became clear he was not only not on their side but was even making arguments suggesting that congress had no right to pass such a bill because the southern states are not represented in a might not even be illegal congress. this is a man in other words who again and again rejects compromise in the most violent turns. in february 1866 people make a speech in which he will declare
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the congress plans to kill 8 million white southerners feared he will declare a conspiracy against his life that leading members of the congress are traitors to the united states and he was charged the congress may not be illegal congress. the result is members of congress increasingly see him as a person you can't negotiate with, you can't deal with than a person who may have designs to overthrow the republic. in the meantime, johnson believes the congress instills people who want to create not a free american but a dangerously different terrain at: america run by northern financiers and businessmen and wild eyed fanatics who believe in the equality of mankind. you've got two groups and by 1867 the fear out there is so
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great people in the congress are terrified of what happened when andrew johnson has full control. as long as the defense were department is headed by secretary of war edwin stanton, you are okay. these people will never sell you out to the enemy. they will never let andrew johnson used the army to overthrow the republic in undue reconstruction. but when the president fire secretary of war in violation of the law of congress immediately your thought is this is step one towards a coup d'état and thaddeus stevens on the floor of the congress stomps around and says didn't i warn you were a danger of leniency due to you if you don't kill the beast, it will kill you. that more than anything else is why you impeach this man because
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you're afraid he gets a hold of the army. the public we can auction it on and that is one reason by andrew johnson was acquitted by one vote because johnson gives guarantees to a number of wavering senators that the person in charge of the person they can trust and general grant can trust that is not going to do those things they were afraid of. the number of the wavering senators decide they will vote to acquit him which is why he escapes conviction by one vote. 35 votes to convict named team to acquit. without seven republican senators that wouldn't happen. what is reconstruction looking like?
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when reconstruction is done with, the advance of happen after enduring civil war are turned on us. you could go to a black family in 1900 say you know you no longer can vote in the south because they've taken that away from you. you are discriminated against. you are shut into jim crow environment out there. any white man that wants to go after them and no jury will convict them. what you better off than slavery? they look at you and say you're crazy. what are you talking about? people can't sell off my wife, kids, is income apparent that a longer period i can seek other jobs if i want to. schools aren't as good as they were but i can read and write and have a chance to go to school and i didn't have a chance before. is that different from a time
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when he didn't on yourself and you could be beaten for any reason your master wanted. reconstruction made a lasting permitted difference. freedom without full riot is a tremendous thing to be cherished and to be honored. we have to celebrate reconstruction in that sense. if i have anyone walking away with anything in my book they would be too angst. number one, human beings are in many ways not rational and their feelings, fears, drug, hopes can distort what they do. the second thing to keep in mind is what we often forget and reconstruction. reconstruction is not just a second chance for a new birth of freedom. it is that it is also a chance to bind the nation together, to reunite it and in many peoples minds that is a done deal but it
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wasn't a done deal. they didn't know how the story would turn out. they had no idea in 1865 the lack men would be given the vote within the next few years. they had no idea what the outcome was. it seems to me looking back we have to remember that past. >> and now, literary tour of tulsa, oklahoma with the help of our local cable partner cox communications. we started trip with michael wallace who's vote "oil man" went from being a barber to one of the great oil barons of the 20th century. >> frank phillips was an oil man. first and foremost he was an oil man. phillips 66 was the company he
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founded just north of the essentials for, oklahoma which became the headquarters for phillips 66 and today you still see the familiar text effects on many highways and straight and especially in this country as well. phillips 66 has become familiar to many people out here as a coke bottle, that iconic in the mind of many voters. craig got his start in the oil business and a convoluted way. he was not from oklahoma. he was actually born on a nebraska frontier out in the loop valley. the civil war veterans sought in the union army and his parents
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moved out into nebraska territory and that is where he was warned in 1974. they came back shortly after that to their home country in southwestern iowa. that is where frank are up. so they had those basically midwestern bird. came from a big family, many brothers and sisters. he was the oldest and he was the dominant sibling by fire. his ambition was strong, but it wasn't necessarily pointed towards the oil business because there was no oil business to speak of.
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when he was a boy if it's just beginning back in pennsylvania and ohio and new york, the fledgling days of oil. he went to be a barber. he saw the town barber were in the fall striped and a morning coat and he looked like a million bucks and he'd open his barber shop and he just thought that was splendid. so he decided to become a barber, so he left iowa and made a big circle, a swath through the west, midwest and northwest and he did all kinds of things including burberry. he was learning how to barber and he barber and all places many think of it today aspen, colorado. not a sheet, fans the foo foo
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plays. it was a rough-and-tumble town that he barber in mining camps and lumber camps up through the ranch lands out of the frontier in the wild and then he came home to iowa and decided to set up a shop and before long he'll build a barber shops in town. by the time he was 22 feet on the barber shops and he became quite successful. he insisted that the barber's who work for him dressed to the nines commended they carry within certain thing to get to their customers that they splash on some a round in the morning, but they all carried business cards. he also showed his first lash of salesmanship when he invented a
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hair restorative called mountain stage and the principal ingredient was rainwater because phillips noticed in the iowa hog pen the big old boar hogs had this are sold out hair and he was out there watching him one day in a rainstorm. so he decided rainwater might he could with a little bit of a wink bottle of the stuff in it an amazing amount of money. the kicker is he was bald, totally bald so does the proverbial roll selling ice cream at the most. if this man in his early 20s could tell hair restorative to people in big numbers and he was bald, you knew he had been making a success all about him. he was also smart enough to marry that town banker's
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daughter, and she had gibson's daughter who became jane phillips. his father-in-law mentored him, taught him banking business, frank phillips won out in the countryside with a horse and buggy selling on. he became very successful but he had itchy feet, gypsy feet. they like to keep on the move. he came down here into old indian territory. oklahoma didn't become a state until 1907. this is indian territory in early 1900 because the methodist missionary says there's oil down there and this place is booming and they came down and sniffed around and said this looks good. so he got a second oldest
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brother, brought him within and came down here and started invading and and then they went out just railing for oil ended up from there. first of all, frank wasn't born into a dirt poor family. i guess we would call them today a middle-class family if there is such a thing back then close to it. but they were by no means people with great wealth. so what he made he had to make on its own and that is true of all of these people who got involved in the oil business. so when he set up its banking business, they had to make it a total success. and they did. in fact, there is a funny story. lg philips who was not at all like his brother.
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he was and is staring, as forthcoming, as personable as frank. he would have never thought about selling hair restorative. but frank was a risk taker and one day in the bank, a young man came in, cowboy boots, hat and sat down and he looked like a chair key cowboy. he said i want to borrow some money. i want to hire some money. there was a how much do you want? $500. they said was your collateral going to be. he said was collateral? he tried to explain to him what collateral lives, but he didn't quite understand it and he was about to leave and he was
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nervous, didn't want to loose customers so he went to talk to frank and said this guy wants to borrow some money and he doesn't have any collateral. he said he will be all right. lend him the money. the next day he found out the young man was henry starr, ken by marriage to the all-star the outlaw queen and henry starr was one of the best bank robbers in indian territory. he had robbed markets than anybody. sometimes banks today. here he was just panic and by god henry's dart that loan back even before it was due. frank said i told you. you can't go wrong bony mike to out lies and oilmen. this little bit is between the two. the rumor got around her indian territory in the greater oil
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patch of the phillips boys had these things and bank robbers robbed the other banks and a banking with the phillips which probably was true. but that was a grub state getting the banking going on from there they could finance drilling for oil. they did that for quite a while and had small oil companies than they found one, found another. name them for their mother, relatives and did very well. that doesn't mean they didn't sometimes drill a dry hole. every oilman has drilled dry holes. sometimes you drill so many you are just about to give up. i happen to frank a few times. he would say luscious try one more and they would do it and it would hit. by 1917, frank and alan decided it was time to start a proper
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company. 1917 is when they founded phillips petroleum. they opened a big office in new york and by 1927 they were refining their own oil and that is when the phillips 66 retail gasoline when out and all these other cottage buildings started showing up across the land. frank always stayed on the boards of tanks, but he gave up -- he weaned off of banking fairly early on and just devoted his time and energy to the wildcat oil finds and eventually to his company. people for years tried to get him to move his company out of oklahoma. they said you don't want to be down here.
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you get to new york office. what i can move to new york or chicago was clueless. he said not under life. i'm going to stay here in oklahoma. if i could get a man out of my ranch -- discovered a lot of people -- if you crack open frank's chassis would pull out the heart of a 10-year-old boy. so he would get these big-time investors come up were members, bankers, hewitt but then on pullman cars and bring them into oklahoma. they would get off than they would have on these great to and spat and carrying canes and hats and all of this very. to meet them at the station would be people like henry wells who is a retired rank robber and
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they would have to stagecoach pic is guys that and drive them out to some hotel and told so or one of the hotels in bartlett, take them out to willow rock to their ranch in on the way out, guess what would happen? he would have somehow thoughts with bandannas spread their ponies and they would stop to stagecoach and robbed them and take over the men's wallets and watches, jewelry, generally terrorize them a bit and then they would write off and these people were dumbfounded. can you imagine some guy from philadelphia or boston or new york come to stagecoach is the oil to the logic of frank would be standing there with a cigar and there it come in and there is the japanese ballet always with frank.
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he would pour them a drink and they were looking around and on the other table would be their wallet and jewelry laid out in frank would be sitting there last in. they would look at him and he would have a big glass of milk and he would say this is buffalo milk, what keeps you going. and then on the guys got rid of clothes and put on some levis or give them out as to whether and for days they would play cowboy. they would go out shooting. they would go at talking to the indians and at night he would set up their on the mezzanine playing poker and frank would close the deals. there's so many things about frank phillips that were unusual. he was a real dichotomy. i mean, i know this man just as well as anyone but i could never
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figure him out. he was like mercury. i could never come they know, quicksilver. he was such a total contradiction. he could be as predict bolus christmas and turn right around and doing some and totally bull. here was a guy that has such a profound impact on me in turnout -- and engine and he never knew how to drive a car. here was a man who would fire you for though these breach of ethics in a new york second and then probably hire you back at the end of the day. along with the moral code, seemingly straight shooter lout outlaws. he likes to be with outlaws.
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these are the kinds of things that drove frank phillips. you see what i mean is this dichotomy and not really being able to get a hold of them. i got a hold of them enough and i don't think i really wanted to get a hold of them all the way. i kind of liked that aspect of frank's wife. frank phillips passed away in 1950 and he died in atlantic city, a gambler's town. that's where he passed. they brought it back to oklahoma and carried him out to the ran and put him into a monster liam in the where his lady jane, his wife was dairy and frank left orders and this will.
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i've been in that monthly them a few times and it's a beautiful, greek design with tiles, mosaic and his orders or air condition the monster liam and leave all my fishing gear. someday you boys are going to be done a quiet lake catching my bass and i'm going to come down there and tap you on the shoulder and wet my line right next to you. i don't know if that's ever happened yet but that's the way it was done. some years ago phillips merged with another old rival, conoco oil located in park city, oklahoma across the us h. perry. you still have the phillips 66 brand name. still phillips offices in all of these disease and you still see the sign pumping gas, but it not
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the same. like so many businesses that now we have people with mbas and proper education and not quite as color for, a little more predict the ball, great folks, but they are not quiet lake the old oilmen. >> while in austin retired on d.w. carter at home of william sydney porter, author of the shirt story the gift of the magi. i am back >> william sydney porter better
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known as the hummer was a great american short story writer. there were 30400 shirts tories and he was not her having with endings. a good example is a gift of the magi which is probably the most famous story about a poor couple who want to buy each other christmas presents. she has this law which areas hair the sheik had stood by her husband a father for his pocket watch and meanwhile he sells his pocket watch to buy her the columns she's been coveting for her long hair. a lot of people know henry is a new york short story writer. that is where he wrote stories the last 10, 12 years of his life. starting right here in this house. this has been a museum since 1934. what people find when they come here as a middle-class house, three rooms. there's the parlor with cnn right now. there is a bedroom and a dining
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room and a porch that used to be called a sleeping porch. he moved to texas in its early 20th from greensboro, north carolina partly out of wanderlust and because he had a job. he started as a sheepherder on a ranch in deptula south of san antonio after a couple years made his way up to austin and met his wife, had a daughter named margaret inherent austin yet today jobs the word while he was honing his skills as a writer. first as a draftsman at the texas general land office. he was an exceptional illustrator and he drew maps for them and he was known for drawing beans and carrots or is on the perimeter which is something his coworkers thought was -- it is where his life sort of took a twist.
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he was found to be embezzling money. we think about $850 some people said he was guilty. some people said he was sent. some people said he wasn't equipped to be a teller and he was preoccupied writing what have you been in any case he was sentenced to five years in federal prison in columbus, ohio. it looks like he came up with the pen name pretty much concur with being imprisoned. he was really embarrassed by the whole ordeal and try to keep a low profile in prison. that was his way of masking his identity a little bit. he might have toyed with the name prior to prison but i think he adopted it in earnest when he got there and transform himself into becoming a full-time writer. there's a biography called time to write and basically says once he got to prison he was free of the burdens of her life and was able to write. we don't know where the pen name
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came from. a couple of theories. one is a french chemist and sorry if i butchered this name but ocean -- they think he may have cried for them not because they lived in north carolina his uncle ran a pharmacy so he was familiar the drugstore areas. another theory is the attic cat cannot stand named henry. another theory one of his favorite bartenders was named henry in the same kind of deal. there's also think in ohio penitentiary, sort of an anagram from that. a third of the items in your original, the rest are mostly. pieces. in the parlor we have cool items. behind me at the desk he wrote don belong to a friend of his here in town. we have his original dictionary that he brought to texas or
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north carolina that has really worn in an amazing artifact because he is an exceptional vocabulary and it's fun to look through that. we have a piano that his wife played that is here, that is original. music was something that brought o. henry together. they performed together. he was in a quartet and was also his dinner. the only known recording of o. henry's voice is a minute and a half talking about the craft of writing. [inaudible] >> we have a beautiful wicker
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rocking chair that his wife purchased along with the landscape prints here in the house. the story behind not as well have set aside the money to attend the chicago world fair and she decided instead of spending money on herself she would rise things for the family to enjoy so she'd bought these rocking chairs and would like to say the act of selfless as might have been an inspiration. after prison he moved to new york and he was an extremely popular writer of the last 10, 12 years of his life. he had a contract with the new york world newspaper to read a story a week which lasted two and half years. they wrote gift of the magi because that was the weekly story for about two and a half years, it was something people waited for anticipation every
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week. i like to equate it to the christmas during and the radio program. it is the same can't fact what i think is a remarkable thing is a museum since 1934 and he passed shortly after 1910 that literature has changed so much with the introduction of hemingway and fitzgerald. a lot of people thought it was a little kitschy. it works really well in times of them can they paint themselves in a corner and have to pull the rug out. i think over time is maybe not regarded as highly here in the states but we get a lot of visitors from asia, japan, russia for some of these are universal tales that they have tweaked and they resonate across the world. what takes all henry possible as he dealt with the universal themes that gift of the magi.
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everybody knows what it like to rub two nickels together to buy a present for someone. he is also a champion of the marginalized. a lot of his stories in the subject are about regular old people and that is most late in new york. for example, a great story as the cop in the income about a homeless person who is trying to get arrested so he can spend the night in jail and have a warm night and a meal and he ends up in bed fretting ovation in another way. but i think o. henry characters are the number one thing people enjoy when they read a story and a carrot or is he depicts there me a new in telling our stories start of a fictionalized nonfiction. what i wanted people to take away his there's a number of
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stories a steering texas and so that is important to fail and thus gaps. it allows you to talk about one of the first waves of western writers. one of the stories go back early 1903 that compete with stories like the virginian considered the first western story. it is important to tell those. that's the background people don't know. we are so used to the new york city lifestyles tories. i like people to be able to use that as a portal to learn more about austin history. [inaudible] ..


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