tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN August 25, 2015 8:00am-10:01am EDT
well educated class as they look at those developments? do you have any sense? can you make any comments? how do you see the situation speak with you mean situation, and pass on cross-cultural relations? >> cross-strait -- >> a powerbook or behavior or whatever we want to call it, creating artificial islands with national security implications. ..
try to discuss chinese behavior as more assertive. i think the taiwanese perception or analysis about the extra motivations behavior of china, whether it has become more assertive or a transitional period of a new status as a major power or whether it's the individual leadership or whether it's a certain role played by citizens. more discussions in taiwan if you want to put in the context about cheney's behavior.
>> with that, we please join me and thinking professor tse-kang leng. [applause] and thank you all for coming very much. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] >> saturday march the 10th 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina. today we feature pulitzer prize-winning journalist ronnie greene on his boat, =tranfour it examines the case of six unarmed citizens shot after in katrina.
>> they told us they would take us to shelters where they could get help and get the seniors to help good they loaded us up on this military trucks. then they declared the city of new orleans and jefferson parish a war zone and it still didn't sink in that we were the prisoners of war. >> you can describe it. it's your whole life gone.
nothing but samet left and rubble. all your friends, family, everybody's gone and now it's a year later in the family and friends you don't see anymore that you used to see. of a feeling. you don't forget it. won't forget the rest of your life. >> i know all of the state level, federal level and all other levels. i hold it for you to represent me on a local level. i don't know where else to go. i don't know what else to do.
it should start in just a moment here this work at a discussion on the evolution of cloud, mobile and data technology and how it can be used by federal agencies to provide better service and increase product today. it should start in just a moment. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] >> good morning, everybody. welcome. my name is chris worker. and the boys behind the center --
[inaudible] look, there are a.m. that picture is getting little. almost doesn't look like me. look, we are on c-span. they sent me a note late last night. we are the only thing on c-span right now. so we will see what happens. before we get to the real stuff, we have some business items to go through. one is we want to thank you for being here. we want to thank our sponsors, cisco, and cisco, to be bma and software if you want to get to them. if you are tweeting, we actually encourage that. i used to think people were paying attention. now i'm assuming they are tweeting. we are using the hash tag gl
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okay, we're done. can somebody define internet things for me. chris paul thomas on my live show last week. go do it formally. >> internet things is the connection of devices in the network that provides using internet protocol to enable for massive numbers of things. >> i keep thinking of it like the soda machines that now he can know whether they say i'm not a soda or something like that for my refrigerator can say it's no longer good.
does that kind of thing work? >> that's a perfect example. it's everything from soda machine to medical devices to the thermos on the wall to the light center to road centers. it goes into connecting to vehicle communications, et cetera. it expands and eventually gets everything. you have the next level of the internet of things and then we get really scared. >> so we are going to talk about what this means for government specifically because a lot of the connected roads, wouldn't it be awesome if you came up to a stoplight and could automatically go through. all of those things are the types of things we talk about. we will start off talking about how internet of things is waving government project today.
coming up right now is to no-caps there, vice president of the information technology and innovation foundation and director of the center for data innovation. thrilled to have him here. [applause] >> good morning, everyone. it's a pleasure to be here. i want to think the organizer, scott lou, for putting this together. my name is daniel castro, direct or for the center data innovation which is a think tank in washington d.c. focused on how data-driven innovation is tried in treatment and quality of life and helping grow the economy. our focus is on helping policymakers understand what all these changes are going on with technology right now, the changes going on with data and how they can construct smart public policies that accelerate
changes so they can enjoy benefits. what i want to do today is talk about how the internet can help improve product targeting government and generally what we should think about the internet, how did we'll impact organizations and us as individuals. starting with the definition, and the one i have is ordinary objects enhanced with internet comic dignity. some people think of why does my toaster need to be on the internet. this is a classic example. i agree your toaster should not the on the internet. so we will move from that example to things that actuall have an impact. this is important. when we talk about the magnitude of the trend, this is something we expect will redefine society, organizations, individual lives. right now there's around
16 billion connection devices. we expect by 2020 there'll be 40 billion devices. as an example 150 million internet connected cars. we talk about your phone and now it's just a phone again and we will see many types of devices and objects. you're smart toaster is just your toaster or whatever the thing will be. we really see transformation here in many different areas. first talking about the internet transforming different industries. a few examples here. we can start with factories. the idea of smart factories is something that's redefining how manufacturing is done. companies like toyota or bowling want to know every single turn of a screw in a factory. they want to measure that i'm a core that can automate the
entire process. for example things like recalls when you look at recalls that happen right now, instead of having to recall 10,000 vehicles they are able to figure out what went wrong in the manufacturing process and pinpoint a few that they have to go out based on serial numbers and make those repairs. that changes how organizations and companies approached things faster. on the left is the rio pinto, one of the largest mining companies in the world did they've created some thing they've called the mind of the future. they've equipped all of their minds the sensors and automated track is another machinery's so while the data is can't really find back to the command center part of australia where they get a real-time view of how companies work in real-time. when they approach my name, which is a very -- traditionally
very physical chemistry at all about data now. this is how they really operate and this is how they define their success. on the right i have a picture of a smart play and it is very interesting. and agriculture seen the rise in precision agriculture if you look at companies like john deere, they are making smart vehicles right now. not somebody in the field. gps enabled trappers are precisely based on climate conditions, soil test measurements, predictions about what grows best in what location based on predictions about commodity markets. this is a very data intensive process and centers in the field for precision agriculture because they figure out how much is on the field right now. they are able to add how much
fertilizer has been put down and make adjustments based on wind conditions. very data-driven. this is changing how organizations work. if you go to agriculture conferences, they recognize it is just agriculture. just the way they do business. on the left is an example of a device for improvising. basically you can turn any car made after 1994 into a smart vehicle. plug-in in the onboard diagnostics controller port on your car, which every car has. the one when you see a check engine light you take it to a dealer and they say what's wrong. plug back in and do remotely start your car, roll down the windows, do all things remotely on a collar that he didn't think
you could do but you can if you have internet connectivity. with a simple device, just plug it in and have remote controls. lots of changes in the transportation industry both for this kind of remote control and convenience is as well as improvement in safety. we also talk about fundamentally transforming cities. desire some of the devices we see on the market today. you've actually seen it around. they are solar powered. they have trash compactors and recycling compactors in there. what is interesting is they measure whether or not they are full about the sanitation crew know when it's time to pick them up. this may not seem like much but
because their capacity, they are able to cut 12 pickups per week to two pickups per week with having data sensors so they reduce cost there. the top rate is an air quality egg. when you go outside you should get air quality information about the city. if you're lucky you're getting it about a neighborhood. this is an air quality sensor you can have in your home, in your office with medical information. once we have this we can start doing new things. if you bike to work you can bike not only based on the best traffic condition but the best air quality. this is something that changes how people operate. on the bottom right are parking sensors deployed in san francisco and other cities they give you real-time information on whether a parking spot is occupied. when you look at traffic albums
that cities have and congestion and omissions on rose, a lot of people caused this by looking at parking spots. with this, you cannot real-time ridings where the closest parking spot eliminate and reduce times on the road. on the left, this is a bridge in south korea. this is one of the first bar bridges and it's no longer one of the first ones. there's many others like this. clearly one in maryland. we know in the united states that the issue of crumbling infrastructure and it costs a lot to repair it and so we continue to put it off and so we have to do inspections. there's not that many bridges. it takes a lot of human time to go figure out what's wrong. we often miss problems before we
find it. what you can do is bridges have sensors equipped so they can detect vibration in using these vibrations you can figure out when a bridge is likely to fail and intervene before it happens. we saw in minnesota the bridge there recently outside los angeles. using connected devices we can get real-time information about which should be replaced sooner. i pressed the button that everyone told me not to press. i pressed it again. the internet -- it's a really interesting way. most people are familiar with the past thermostat. now they have a whole line of devices, my favorite is a smoke alarm or smoke detector and
carbon max i detect her. it's not just a smoke detector connected to the internet. what it does is working together with the rest of your home system, if there's a fire detected in your home come in as i should turn up the air conditioner because blowing air into a flame is a bad idea. these actually have big implications for housing in safety. the bottom left is a device that outside with all lightest smartphone devices. this one is around detecting specifically detect and monitor usage in your home. if you look at some types and the little device attack vibration and when you use the sink in the bathroom versus the
toilet versus the shower, all of these have different vibration signals. by listening to the vibration, the device can measure water usage in the entire house. they can also tell you things like if you have a leak. if you have a vacation home and you're away from the away from it must be your company might want to know if this water running or a problem in your home. this has implications for you knowing that, but for insurance. when you look at what insurers have seen now, water damage is one of the top claims. if you can start measuring this, you can start reducing costs for individuals and start changing how the industry works and how it plays. finally on the right we have the smart lightbulb. of course you can control it just ran your smartphone. you can also use these life. they are colorful, to signal to
you. part of the internet is having feed that. maybe you have a light turn a different color when it's raining outside or in light turn a different color based on some kind of signal u.s. had absolute alert you. on the top bribery at amazon .co which is the new product about the ubiquitous common activity in many homes. i jus want to highlight some interesting products here. hello cat is a smart pill bottle, basically lets you know when it's time to take your medicine. this is important for a lot of people. fixing the problem with this simple device like this is very powerful. on the left you have business devices and how many people in this room are wearing a neck to the tracker right now.
already you see this transformation. on the right is an activity tracker that can tell you if it's moving, if they've rolled over, on her back or stomach. same thing for adults. you can make sure somebody is moving around so people can stay in their homes longer. this is one of the first fda approved wearables called by "the guardian." i just saw last friday new research coming out about people with parkinson's. one of the problems with parkinson's is failure of gates. they try to take a step in that link doesn't work, but that doesn't work and they fall over this can be a huge problem because you don't know when this
will happen in elderly people have these injuries from falls. using a smartphone you can detect when this is about to happen or when people experience symptoms and they can provide coaching so they can say take larger steps or provide intervention when it happened so you experience challenges. i will coach you through it. it increases people's independence and addresses the health condition with lots of interesting innovations like this all the time. why does all this really matter? as government employees would you have to understand not just the technology but the trends and how will have an impact. one common better data means better decisions. your data is three things. it's more accurate, more granular so you can grab more and it's more timely with
real-time information. you have to think what can i do when i have other data. second ioc allows for nation. there's lots of ways we see automation. some of the feedback with a smoke alarm going off can be controlled through changing the temperature from your smartphone. some of it is artificial intelligence. talking about automation based on artificial intelligence. this is the thermostat saying i will automatically based on what i believe to be. >> the other that applies here comes back to you can't manage what you can't measure. i do suspect if you can measure better you can manage better. that is something a lot of people should be thinking about.
the really interesting thing is how can government leverage the internet. the first thing as new technology to solve old problems. you need to have strategic alignment between what technology can do with the mission mission of the organization is. when you have this, you can see great results. st. louis, missouri, the public transportation system at a metro bus. they started using electronic centers about when the systems would fail. they looked at oil pressure temperatures and basically were able to do preventive maintenance to reduce downtime. they were able to have service center and increase reliability of the system. longer vehicle serviced by and they were able to save $5 billion per year. so it's a substantial impact.
we think about disrupting how we do things in government. right now labor policies favor the hour and take breaks based on how long people were. maybe break should be based on how much physical activity you do for jobs like police officers. sitting in a patrol car versus walking for eight hours is very different. maybe we can rethink how we do labor based on these technologies. we need to think how we can make smart default. california decided by 2025 all water meters have to be apart. we can see a big impact. is partnered with i tried to employ smart readers throughout the city to cope water left a 50%. they can expand who can access water. they start to think how they can
make this the default for other areas where we invest in government whether its roads, buildings or any new program. we talk about building partnerships with the private sector. anyone in government familiar with per euro device. how about work. we talk about the big change. all of this will not be owned by government. the government leverage technology they don't own. building partnerships, leveraging data sources. this is an example of a company called least meter who were originally using video and find people to point a smartphone at a window, stream the video they reduce analytics to track the volume of people so government wants to know this, business wants to know this.
they've replaced the video and are not just using sensor because they were concerned about privacy. but it's the same thing. can they measure volume in specific locations. the government itself is thinking about the data divided. window about the digital divide and the idea to have and have-nots when it comes to technology but there's also a data divided in terms of community and location another fact her. how can government help ensure the benefit shared by everyone. this right here is an example of a technology used to detect gunfire and right now in washington d.c. there's 300 sensors around the city. this has put out for the "washington post" or the dark areas are where there is no shock which is surprisingly large number of gun fire in d.c. one of the interesting things
here in 2011 the white house was hit by gunfire and it was discovered by a bullet in the white house. the question was why didn't a city that has all of the shots fired, why did this not get detect it? you can tell when we look at a map that nobody thought the sensors were ever measured. the technology available was in a fight and in this case to a wealthy area. think about how we make sure the internet applies to help the widest set of individuals. but talk about collaboration and coordination. especially locals asked themselves why did we create huber. if you think about this, the
problem that huber tried to solve, the problem of matching passengers to drivers attacks the problem. cities and states knew they had. they were familiar with really not elegy. they done this in the past and were close to the problem but they didn't solve it. there's a number of reasons. i would say the number one reason is because they were thinking only about their own needs. they were saying all these other cities have the same problem. maybe we should come together and solve the problem. maybe we should come together and build technology we can all use. there's really an interesting model if you look at the cia they've created the venture capital arm that fun services useful to the intelligence community. can we do something like that for the rest of government?
federal government, state and local. that's a really big opportunity to think about how we collaborate and in the short-term we need need to work together. thinking outside the primary domain because the internet is not about building 50 or 100 versions of the same application shared services will be critical in those days. finally coming back to product david e. it's about pursuing efficiency. when we talk about innovation we get hung up on the creativity side. government can't use that destruction. we can't just settle for doing cool things with technology. we need to increase government or the committee. increasing output in decreasing output. decreasing costs for government. this comes back to the big challenges in government and one
i'm not talking about right now because that's her talk about things like automation like moving jobs and when we talk about things like smart bridges, we talk about reducing bridge inspectors. this right here in chicago map of their snowplow with real-time information about where the snowplow czar. this has a reduction on their calls on her because people say when is it coming in now they can see it. they can't gain product to the deep benefit unless they are out there trying to figure out how they can translate this. one of the challenges at the back to u.s. rethink about the internet, the short term we see what we can do with technology and how it can enable new opportunities. in the long-term it comes back to the big challenges we have in government around managing i.t., which is how we work with the
budget we need and how do we get the budget we need. how do we manage large i.t. projects. we have to solve problems if we want to succeed. i want to have you on about domestic note which is the huge potential to change how we do that. let me stop there. i have my information. i'm happy to talk further. we are putting out a report in a few weeks calling for a national strategy and laying out the case for this similar to what we saw for broadband. if you're interested i encourage you to sign up. >> thank you very much. [applause] there is no one ready for the first question so i'll do it. how many folks are doing anything in internet -- look at
that. of course the google class right here. for folks who are not just the first steps to try and think how in the world to deal with all that is changing so fast. what should they be thinking about. >> that's a great question. [inaudible] >> that's true. i think there's some missing skill when it comes to i.t. projects. coordination and collaboration are two very different problems. if you think about networks, if you want to collaborate with someone, you have to get them to do something they are not willing to do or they don't want to do or trust. it's all about building trust. one of the challenges is loading trust. having partnerships outside the
immediate scope. if someone else is doing a project they have to share budget. no one will be happy unless they trust each other. a second site is coordination if you do something someone else in government doing the exact same thing somewhere else then you figure out who they are, you have to build the links and find them so when you do something you build it in harmony. it's two very different problems they have to figure out how to do well and it's a big challenge. >> any questions out there? awesome, thank you. >> in daniel come a fantastic presentation. my question is what is the balance between battle in the wireless restroom to enable the i.t. marketplace?
>> i don't have an answer to that. i have people looking number spectrum issues. it cannot depend on on the application and the situation. if you look for example at first responders right now, they have what we thought was once back from them and they talk about police battery cameras in that completely changes how well do this. it's really up in the air right now how this will work. right now we won a lot of spectrum and interoperable standards for how we transmit this. in government as we build out the first night outside the traditional first responder capabilities. for example, the sensors and the va hospitals deploy these so there's an earthquake they can
figure out if they need to evacuate because it hasn't been severe enough. the va application with the first responder use. the question is that they build a system like that, do they use public airwaves, first met, something else they acquire. unfortunately there's not an end. >> there's an earthquake in california and for the first time because so many people have devices on their arms, they can tell how many people got woken up by the earthquake which gave the survey how far it is traveling and all of a sudden they can find that out in some way, shape or form. there's a lot more data. >> we just had their synonymy problems. they worked with the government
and they said publicly they would never do this in the united states. they were able to enable data analytics to figure out where people went so they can figure out where people need the services and there's huge opportunities to use that data in emergency situations and how you break the class and use that in a situation. but there's huge implications. >> daniel castro from the information technology and innovation. thank you, daniel. appreciate it. a lot of the innovation is on the state and local level where they figure out how to do this and coming up on stage right now is william wallace, executive dirt -- [inaudible] >> thank you.
that's great. thanks for the chance to be here. nice to see so many people out here early in the morning. i'm going to start talking about what it takes to build a smart city. i come from an organization nonprofit. we've been inspired by the national science foundation to begin thinking about next-generation applications that take advantage of the generation networks as they evolve. we're a little bit where we were when the internet came out figuring out what to do before the first browser arrived. we are in the process of creating applications across benefit areas like health care, transportation, working to do that. our goals are to create 60 transformative applications over the next three to four years working across 200 committee smart christ as their applications can be tried and proven well in it into the
actual application. we find early examples like chattanooga, kansas city, where fiber exists but there's quite a number of economic benefits occurring through job creation technology, ecosystem startups and so on. i talk about our view of the evolving infrastructure to support the internet of things in cities and give examples in end by talking about structures in place to help cities implement internet of things applications. i'll skip a few slides and finish on time here. when we think about the internet of things, daniel did a wonderful job of laying out the cases for these every think about intelligent sensors and
local storage is something above a massive poster going to a distant cloud. most importantly fannie mobley c. networks that support requirements of real-time applications. you need these components to create a smart adaptive network and today we are focused on three components. adaptable virtualize about networks increasing so developers can control the characteristics of their networks and finally what we call computing storage. the big data users means quick data and it means slice data, which is secure data or you can create different channels. big for streaming and you see many cases able to support virtual orality applications and
trade workers and displaced means as i mentioned security. today the infrastructure makes some of this capability is hard to deliver because there's many router hops between the end-user whether it's a government agency, government from the small business or home owner. as many as 15 router hops and we are focused on moving to a gate where possible like we've seen in chat newco, tennessee between the end-user and the first router but we are also looking for computing and storage so the response time is in the milliseconds instead of seconds. this is proving valuable for the applications we are hoping for going forward. the national science foundation has funded a number of buffers along the lines, roughly 55 universities across the country
to a program of network innovation that they focus on computing capabilities and highly secure networks that enable applications we all want in cities for internet of things. skip a few slides here. review the city as a living organism. think of the senses with the peripheral nervous system provided by gateway wireless. central nervous system itself. the central brain by local cloud computing and connections are the 10 gigabit connection would like to see across institutions in the cities. the exercise in the form of hacker cons. we did many across the country and finally we integrate activities by creating
accelerator teams to develop applications that take advantage of internet of things and deliver services as daniel so well described. i will provide a few other examples. this is the gigabit frontier we are working on. the amount of data node in the vertical access in the amount of times it takes to move the data. we have on our website different applications at various stages of development that we move along the frontier to those applications. the kind of capabilities our big data, visual data and exploitation to see what the big data are saying with virtual reality engaging applications, real-time low latency. extremely reliable networking very collaborative across
distances. let me give a few examples. we've been cohosting. dr. soaker rate has been involved with the team challenge focused on internet of things applications in city services. i want to flip through a few examples and then we have time to take a few questions. gas is basically deployed in chattanooga so allergy sufferers can know where the pollen count is highest and avoid walking in those areas putting in place 20 sensors that the multitrack allergies that colin the smaller particulates and transmit is to visual tools and cell phones of residents were no work where to go and where not to go. another project underway called
the array of things in chicago arena number of sensors to track air measures to human activity and whether. this is a large consortium of university of chicago at argonne labs. they basically let they basically that users were to walk and where not to walk for pollution levels but in terms of safety as well as down the road. this is a massive set of sensors that have been deployed and will be used increasingly. another example in portland you may have heard about this one and optimizing analytics to compare auto traffic versus bus traffic versus pedestrian traffic and looking at the impact of combinations of the forms of traffic on air quality and congestion.
in san francisco there is a strong focus on reducing the footprint of new buildings. 50% of buildings -- 50% of pollution comes from building and the developers understand that the focus on making sure the open database available and used by developers to minimize the footprint. wide rover is a wisconsin-based networking capability that enables ambulances to communicate on the way to the emergency room and prioritizes traffic so.as in the emergency room immediately see vital signs for the patient and begin to diagnose and treat patients before they get to the emergency
room. it enables them to get a head start on the patient treatment. cincinnati has been focused on water management are having real-time sensors with supply and demand of water that help minimize pollution offers. this is something as daniel said so eloquently, it is doing traditional city services better and this is one of our favorite examples. in chattanooga to fiber network connected 100,000 homes and businesses. one of the apps is a smart grid. because the electric utility and power board is able to connect its houses and substations are fiber, it has a six milliseconds latency and is able to reduce the outages to ration by 65%.
in the past the storm would come through an residence or home businesses would be out electricity for hours and the days, weeks and now it's in the minute. as an electronic map that shows the storm coming through and automatically coming back on. this has been a competitive advantage for chattanooga where they have created new jobs and part of it is due to companies because of the fiber for telecom but also for power itself. the demand response in new york city to integrate demand response systems so both buildings can be optimized in the pressure could be taken off the grid. this is another great one. this is wi-fi powered drones.
drones being used to support first responders. in this case a forest fire. you probably saw it in the spring the drones were enabled to help guide firefighter after his to put out the fires. we scratch the surface of the fact cavities. we move more towards education application. a great example of what you can do with a network. professors and usc were teaching them high school students biology 18,000 miles away the big enough hike with lotus lake hughes, student could see images and video conference. we take major research capabilities from a big city to city with medium-sized kinds of educational opportunities
available for cities across the country. virtual reality is they. one of the first applications is training. in this case there is a group of professors who create virtual reality modules for sustaining workers are workers learning to provide solar and wind elements to energy are trained and badged in real-time as opposed to having to come to physical classrooms. finally, remote physical therapy. one of our professors in missouri has created remote physical therapy capabilities said they can have their physical therapy managed remote and monitored with other measurements of the physical therapist can adjust the training to meet requirements. so there is some examples.
i mentioned to case studies. chattanooga in kansas city. the couple elements make the cities work well in terms of solutions. one is a broad-based accelerator group that involve citizens across the city, who schools, libraries, public sector representatives. they made sure the infrastructure connects not just business in office but institutions in a constant stream to create new applications. this is not a competitive marketplace for the private marketplace. there are great ideas that can be borrowed in u.s. cities.
they started with playbook and cool bullfighter kimmit vintage of the new fiber infrastructure. they mobilized leaders to identify capability areas like smart grid, helping develop new applications in those areas. just to wrap up the characteristics of cities to get their arms around traditional city challenges are those that establish a broad-based accelerator group picture is future proofed and where possible opening. a little bit like you want to have in place an infrastructure that can grow as the billions of billions of devices grow. they stimulate it to deduce to unleash unbelievable creativity with devices and developers across the city and of course
beg, borrow steal ideas from other cities or countries to solve problems the best way. with that, i will wrap up on time and if we have time for one or two questions i can do that or we can move on. [applause] >> to mention the playbook. is that available someplace so folks can check? >> most definitely. the categories are applicable to federal government. if you go to kansas city and punch in the playbook, you will find it. the chattanooga forward is to use the new technologies deployed to solve the city challenges. [inaudible]
they did a great job working with us putting it together. so thank you. let me introduce the program manager for information technology with the u.s. postal service. they want to walk around or go up there? they want to use of this? >> which they want to do? we are flexible. we can do whatever you want. we are here to make you happy.
>> good morning. so we're having a conversation about whether i wanted to come how want to handle the display. is often the postal service has an opportunity to standstill. so forgive me if i wander during the conversation. i only brought to slice because of hoping this can be even though this is a large group, and engaging dialogue for a watch us on talking and we will see if we can get a conversation going. the united states postal service has over 600,000 employees. like a mission when start all of you are probably our customers. anyone receive mail yesterday ask hundred and? did anyone receive a package on sunday? a few of us. that very package delivery is an
example of the internet of things or the internet of postal things in work. the united states postal service traditionally would come to your home five, six days, depending on what's going on. this ad of his seventh day delivery is truly around us taking advantage of the internet of things. i will mention two things. this is the first one. united states postal service has over 250,000 mobile delivery devices that are going to deployed throughout our network. with that comes tremendous amount of data. we are responsible for about 39 terabytes of information. what that means is every single package, every single product that comes to our network, moment it's ingested into the maelstrom to the minute it comes to your home we're tracking at each step. there's mobile delivery devices are going to allow our letter
carriers to have the ability to reroute the package in the of transit to you said months am going to be home. like youtube delivered to a different address. those devices will enable us to do that. it will allow us to support things like kennett.gov. anyone aware of jeanette.gov? anyone here from gsa? okay. perfect. united states postal service is the connect all department with the gsa to bring substance to kennett.gov. the u.s. postal service is also looking for what we can do with our federal agency partners to bring together new citizens product. connect.gov is one example. what we're doing is actual allowing our citizens use of credentials that they've established in one agency giving
be available in an agency. again we are connecting, starting with their own internet of things at the postal service without delivery devices and we are moving into the consumer space of connecting those devices. anyone in the room wearing a track or of any? you have a gps, google glass, anyone? yes, yes, yes. accounted for all brought with me. i have three of them with me up here. every one of us probably has at least two devices that we are knowingly and willingly submitting tracked and monitored on. water intake, gps from your morning run. so as we continue to ourselves have been able us to be tracked, think of how useful that is the organizations like the postal service or like the cable
company, right was right now we're expecting all of us to have them serve us better do something about what you're paid to do to serve the federal space as well as a better product offer. so for the postal service, i'll use the example of us trying to deliver to you. let's say i have a special delivery of your new iphone next coming and you've asked me to deliver it to you after building but it has a signature and it needs to be signed. a carrier, again, think with me for a moment, a letter carrier is coming to your workplace but you're not actually there. wouldn't it be great if i could let you know that, 15 minutes out from to the editor at the coffeeshop around the corner you turn around and collected often depicted up to make sure pick it
up to make sure you receive the important item? or that you could go ahead and alert us and let us to you can actually have the admin you know in the office could sign on your behalf? currently we cannot do come in the fall you will see us begin the process of allowing you to wager signature and provide us a signature electronically online. as we play the sport and you become more connected to the mail stream, just as it is more connected you, it enables a number of products and innovations that we haven't even imagined. we are an r&d arm of the postal service so we worked to great those opportunities. we look at all of the things that are already in the network and we decide this is actually an opportunity for us to create efficiencies to continue to streamline our processes and to better serve the consumer market. those are the areas we have the
opportunity to focus on and to grow. >> maybe it will only be one slide today. every go. -- there we go. the postal service has over 40,000 retail locations. with one of the largest retail footprint of anyone. and with that comes about 3000 local point-of-sale devices. have any of you been a post office? anybody went to buy stamps? you had this mail package. it's very important for us to try to continue to come in the process of streamlining our processes, not to the that customer satisfaction. our goal is to serve you very well. we want to keep the experience besides possibly begin knowing
at times it's not your favorite placplace to be great if you evr noticed the line to begin to develop in your post office and somewhat actually, away from behind the counter and walked out into the lobby and begin to serve people. more and more as we established more of these internet of connected devices and postal service we will be able to take a further after if you've ever seen them, it looks like your iphone, it's an ios enabled device, mobile point of sales and they will walk right out into the lobby and they were transact with you in an effort to serve you better, to me out of the line and increase customer satisfaction. we have taken those into the parking lot, if you've ever seen maybe some of you might have filed your taxes ultimately this year. a few of us. so they will actually be after ingesting the mail and getting those postmarks put onto your item at that point in time so there's not a delay in
processing. so it became to the post office and it was 11:58 u.s. to get credit for putting it in on time. that's all enabled to these connected devices in the internet of things. additional things you will see in the next year from us as we expand into the facilities to enable more and more mobile transactions, we've also realized core two that is not who you are. is to create a digital reflection of everything that happens in the physical mail today, then what do we knew just what we know more than anything in the physical today? from a postal service perspective i know you are and i know where you live. those are the two key pieces that we need. so it we can play that forward and allow you to have that same level of confidence in the digital space as he did in the physical around your identity and who it is you're interacting
with and what the content our, truly like an item that is not an open or transferred when you get your first class mail, you know when it is you tha that is sealed and protected against inspection. that's all very important to get your milk comes to us an that is open, what's the first thing we do? you typically think for a moment about what was in your? what may not be here any longer, right? as we create that same level of protection and security and authenticity of the content you're receiving, in the digital space things like our electronic postmark services, you will see us revitalize and you will see a lot of unique ingenuity about that. similar to the last speaker when he talked about some of these things, the thinking comes from sort of the bottom up. so the postal service is going to engage the community to help
us create and grow some of the new initiative. we are creating the identity through our work with connect.gov and the gsa and then we will take services like our electronic postmark web service that will be of the for folks to integrate into the own solution and help didn't take items and postmark them so that you have that continuity of content and non-deviation of information did you know it is you as just editing transmit through secure network to your endpoint. so again what we call it the postal service it's a digital reflection. that's the work that we are working on on your behalf as our customers. i think have just a couple more minutes. i want to make sure that i provide you the opportunity if anyone wants to ask any questions about what we are doing because we are a fairly
large organization and it does have a wide range of impact. so again just to walk back through it. our goal is to continue to offer the citizens of america enhanced services, by the postal service and to facilitate the secure electronic communications through other agencies as well as the public sector. and we are going to do that leveraging all of our existing assets we currently have in place to their 600,000 employees, over 40,000 retail locations, and our 39 petabytes of data we are collecting and using. we want to try to link our existing processes and find new ways to work for the american public. any questions? yes. >> hold on.
>> as he mentioned with 600,000 employees, postal service is pretty labor intensive the a lot of which were talking about obviously will affect the way you do business and the people that you employ the are you working with units across the postal service to think about what the future impact will be on the workforce? >> a great point. the postal service is very actively engaged with its unions to establish what the future state of the postal service, and what we working to do is find new ways to leverage that same employee base. wherever possible we want to find extensions to the work they are doing. so, for example, the scenarios we're working on with the gsa, providing identity for the american public also means there is a necessary proofing component to them. so if any of us have ever gotten, anywhere tsa precheck?
okay. in order t to do that you have o present yourself in person and provide some information about who you more. and what to take event that some of you personalized products you are going to need that service at the postal service, who better to provide that to than the person is coming to your home everyday? the ones that are part of knowing you best get will be looking at doing those services and juicy as begin to do things in the fall. we've got a few test markets going on whether mobile delivery devices. this area in particular used to go out first to facilitate if you go online and want to take advantage of that pilot product that is out it allows you to get some information that's coming in the mail too. so you will see images of the mail pieces. it's pretty interesting if he would lift around if you want to try but, to take offense, just to be able to provide you
information on who you are and your identity. and some of us may not be able to do that online. may be a fallout of a remote proofing scenario. if you could have a knowledgebase question has to be, on what street you lived at, in which the closest intersection to your house, how much is your mortgage, things like that. if you fall out of the process what happens? you can take advantage of the service. we will be proposing for our own products at first that you can come into a retail facility, complete those transactions to upgrade your account, your identity and then in time that you could call that letter carrier to come to your home and complete the transaction for you. we think that will have a tremendous amount of interest for the postal service certainly, a friend of gsa for a net.com and potentially other federal agencies as we move forward. the work they are doing will change. >> part of it involves employees but it it's much larger than th. i know it will come dashing
figure because most of those of innovative place on the planet. i know, stop the process. [inaudible] >> i'm putting it right next to my rockstar. >> and it generally seems like people, we all the change as long as they keep doing things the same we always have been. how do you get people to move into this space where they are changing how they do with the postal service, again, freaks us out? >> it's a great point. our department is a good example of that, even at the postal service. we were originally created as sort of a think tank and an r&d extension and we realized more than anything what we need to do was read bridge across the company, to take those ideas and the ideation that we're working on and find those places where we were going to affect people's
jobs, change things into the deadly and went to invest in the buy-in in advance and help them be part of that vision. i think a big part of it frankly is the marketing component of it. you need to bring illegal along on that journey with you so that they are invested in the process spirit will have a lot more time for questions at the end of this will make sure to find some of your been sitting on your hands. i won't let that happen would it comes to the and i will, but mike mcintyre interface so we will do that later. thank you, kelley, for an awesome job. [applause] let's continue. on my list it's not. hold on. here we go. walker might -- all right. take too. walker white is the president of
-- is right there. thank you very much. >> good morning, everybody. my name is walker white, a little backdrop of a we are and why we're here, we help organizations make better business decisions by providing industries was authoritative i.t. data about that refer to the hardware and software purchases of hardware and software. so why are we here today? because the pattern that we operate for our customers in i.t., we already are doing in the medical device space and one putts with some of the commercial companies in the unit of things space. understand daniel castro talked about some of these countries that were doing remarkable things. john deere, verizon all three of those covers are bdna customers
today. so we, if yo if you have come integrated managed any class of assets this would provide the data he needed it basically, clean, efficient cleaned up the data. i'm all of it of the pragmatic person so i can start long time to give a talk and pictures worth a thousand words, so it's mostly pictures i'm going to go through but just a brief aside on that because it is an exception to every rule. i was in toronto and my laptop broke and you know they are made, like the plastic is jim to get and you do something to pry them apart if you try to fix something. i needed a knife and those like i'll go downstairs and get tonight i went outside in a hotel room and right across from the iconic had put his tray out, will get the food left on but there was a knife and does to anything about like i'll just grab a knife. i bent over to pick it up and it comes out of the door to go down to the gym, so this picture did
not tell the story that is hoping it would tell. and i was reaching for history of half eaten food and it just didn't come across well. so anyway, we will jump into the pictures. history is a very valuable teacher if we are willing to take the lessons of history. all of you are probably very, with the adoption curve of technology. we see it certainly in the areas of facebook and cell phone adoption, but these adoption curves of excess for a long, long time. whether it's radio, television, color tv, vcr. it's really remarkable the rate of adoption of new technologies. but in the little secret of an organization that needs to manage devices that are being adopted very, very rapidly, the management of these devices tend to lag behind the adoption curve and you get kind picture that looks a little bit like this.
where in our rush to basically bring in new technology our ability to keep control of those things in our environment tends to lag behind. we see this most recent in virtualization were virtual vision got out of the lab before ever ever expected it to. there was huge cost inside organizations. while still saving people a lot of money but introducing a whole new set of things, and those things in the gap between our ability to doubt that an orderly demands that confronted were really present with three primary things we run into. one of them is of course the first and foremost is of course risk. security risk, risk to the apartment, business, operational and someone. there was a great demonstration just done with remote takeover of a jeep grand cherokee. so much of it over, drove it, hit the brakes and slow. i drive a jeep grand cherokee and i think what's great about that is actually when i get pulled over next time i would be
like it wasn't me, right? just some guy in his pajamas driving my car. i'm looking forward to that. the second thing that leads to that is that rapid adoption, you started building inefficiency, those inefficiencies, and we don't didn't realize the benefits with a lot of these systems. and ultimately it introduces a net new stream of calls and bill mentioned earlier about the united states. one of the risk of intent states in internet of things is with us huge deal with dragging behind us, the legacy of hardware and software and systems and skills. if you look over at my daughter was in thailand this year and she was amazed when she came back which is entire primary season that the amount of automation of able to her in thailand which could get that in san francisco. what's going on here? i said, not my job, sweetheart.
so my point is that there is, as a pragmatist, there is, and a technologist i do love you i do love technology but pragmatically, workstations and he demanded that is a large gap between our ability to bring this up in any really control it and manage it. i suggested to there's a middleground and dan castro said earlier in his briefing, he said the internet of things means better data and better data means better decisions. a tagline that the company is better data better decisions. it is lose the business we are in. and the way that we make better decisions about this is just starting to understand. the first step in this process is what i would term measurement. forget about trying to manage it, trying control of the devices that make it adopted the how about just an doing what
devices on there? step one, the first, admit you have a problem, if you will, right? and dan also said peter drucker famous line, you can't measure what you can't measure to give us to the measure these things first. this pattern basically, the pattern that bdna utilizes an enterprise i.t. space of hardware, software and the purchase of hardware and software is the same thing would bring to medical devices and internet of things is the first episode got to be able to understand what's in that department site to make sense of it like associate with that, and rich data about the sensor, the phone, the car, a toaster, whatever the case may be so we can bring some sense to it. what does helps us to do on that journey basically is first and foremost it bridges that gap between the rapid adoption of these technologies at our ability to manage it. it doesn't eliminate risk but it
reduces our risk because we have better information to make better decisions basically. we brought in all these sensors, we brought in all these devices, these devices have just entered a security vulnerability. how many do we have in the environment was what we have to do about it? let's not start a fire in the swing of her something to burn. it will help us identify inefficiency. not rectify those but identified inefficiencies. why isn't spending time like lashing these things together? and finally it helps us to control costs. again not reduce cost but control costs. it's a very important step to get to a point where we manage these devices, we are in a position to reduce risk. we are in a position to eliminate inefficiencies working more efficiency and we're in a position to actually reduce the cost. as an interim step when what to take advantage of that cost curve, and the best part of i.t.
is adoption curve and it's also the bane of our existence. those two things collide with one another. so that's kind of a middleground basically is that i think they're very pragmatic standpoint we want to bring these technologies and. we want to eventually be able to manage and we've go got to go ta lease measured environment where we are today. so just a quick keep, let's get started. first and foremost one thing you cannot do is take your head in the sand. who knows how long the ipad has been around? anyone? just draw out a number, number of years. eight, 10? five years. ed sullivan five years since the ipad was released from april 3, 2010. think about your immediate reaction to it was like i've always had this thing, right? but it's not been that way.
it's just been five years and is because the adoption, so they go like of course, my kid is like where's the ipad? it's ridiculous. so we have to embrace the philosophy of the market and adoption of these new technologies. because if we don't, we will fall further and further behind detail, the legacy we drive with us is going to overwhelm us. once more into the breach we have to go forward. second thing you've got to start with the basics the you got to start with the basics of understanding what is in the environment, which are bringing in. again this is not a problem of, we run into with the adoption of radios or tv, maybe a handful of organizations do, consumer devices. they are individually managed it but as organizations, as the state of tennessee for us the u.s. postal service you have the response with a set of assets which are your responsibility.
so you need to at least understand what they are, what are they doing excellent, not necessary i will go turn dials arreally understand what's in tt department. the last thing i would leave you with you you today just in timer my 10 minutes is demand that works. my point on this is get out, if i could buy one thing for the next five years to make a ton of money in internet of things it would be snake oil. because a ton of it is going to get sold, right? the promises that are going to be made are going to be just stunning. and the trough of disillusionment on those investment is going to be remarkably deep. so i think it is fair at this day in age with technologies where they are, the way these technologies can be adopted that
we don't need to be buying into systems that we just assume are going to work. i think it is absolutely necessary to demand, and i say this from the commercial side, to demand of the commercial marketplace these technologies work, that you can see them live, and perhaps most important that you can see them at scale. because it is one thing to come in here and she a toaster and like hey, look, go toast is brown, a pot soda. that's great. do that for 50,000 toasters across an entire organization. that is, can we operate these systems to scale? with that i will, i guess you, they're as good a couple of questions. >> that's a lot of toast. i keep coming back to the mindset because you guys see a lot of this. you want into organizations agenda okay, they're going to really struggle or the kind of kid if so, the folks who get it,
what do they get? >> okay. that's a loaded question. so when we -- [inaudible] >> right, absolutely. i think the mindset is, i think it was bill wallace who said there's a natural curiosity and organizations, and you see it in the individuals, the leadership individuals of organizations, which is a cultural element of an workstation wants to adopt these technologies and take advantage of it. and i actually, while i was a technologist for most of my career, it is something i look for but now i weigh that against the pragmatic aspects of it, which is there is real cost associate with these investments but there' there is real gain td and i think both dan and kelley and will all get some real good examples of that. so it is a mindset, a cultural aspect of it, sure it is
something that can be embedded in an organization. [inaudible] >> thank you very much. [applause] >> christie of, not a name for what a comic book. where are you, chris? chris? , the. your name sounds like you should be in a comic book. chris steele. chris steele is that they get a solutions architect with software ac. chris, takeover. literature photo. my goodness. >> thank you. so yes, i am chris steele. achieves solution architect -- i
am a cheap solution architect. the german company of all heard of, we were set up to a half years ago to do business with the federal government acted in good to about some of the essential to getting ready for the internet of things. first out like to throw this question out to all of you is where are you appear in terms of adoption of iot? are you invested and deployed are you sort of down the chain a little bit to maybe even the bottom what it's not relevant to us now but maybe it will be in the future? there was a poll and what they found out is as we just heard gunfighters or early in the adoption face. we're just starting out that curve right now. what you need to assess is where you are, where you want to be and what it is you want to do
and need to do in order to prepare. because i think like the ipad, this is going to be another one of those technologies that's good to take off very fast and then by 10 years went so it gets up on stage and ask hey, when is a person you guys are doing something with iot, you'll be saying that was like a nice i think, '80s, '90s. maybe not. in terms pacifica with agencies, you know, what's the biggest they're out there? why are you hesitant to jump in? because that's all we are saying as we talk to different agencies across the board we are hearing a lot of hesitation. in a lot of ways that a lot of good things because in some ways technology isn't there for that particular agency. in other ways we people are just waiting for someone else to jump in. they keep asking as well, what
are they doing? how are they doing it? a lot of hesitation. at some point someone will jump in and your agency needs to be ready to be able to follow. that's what we will talk about today. first and foremost, the biggest thing we were talking about earlier was the adoption curve, but what is the benefit? wide we went to get on early and what is iot going to promise? if you look at response times, start with that, if you look at, take a particular event, right? up to that event the more data you have, the more knowledge, the more benefit, opportunity you can get out of it. you can prepare for it. if you think of something like 9/11, a very well-known event, had we had more information up
front, we could have had the opportunity to actually prevent that event. as we move closer to the event, the opportunity to do something about it decreases, okay? after the event you have the reaction. if unable to respond quickly, i can alleviate the impacts. we were able to get fire engines there. we have time. we did get a lot of people out of those buildings, okay? had those firefighters not been there, many more lives would have been lost. so it's pretty easy to extrapolate how that curve works, and it's the same on the other end. taking opportunity, knowing something up front, knowing which way the stockbug is going to go, i can move my investments and i can get a lot of benefit out of that. but as we are going to see --
oops. these reaction windows that i'm talking about, okay, they continued to shrink. we have less and less time to react. these curves are getting squished inside and what we're finding now is our technology isn't able to keep up. and the road is where the benefit of iot comes in. when i have the ability to put sensors out there to integrate data streams from all these different data sources, to be able to simultaneously correlate events that are happening within my network, within the social media realm, within my external agencies and other departments, when i can bring all that data together and be able to make sense of it and use it, then i can get back ahead of the curve. i can start to turn anything
into an opportunity. i can reduce the impacts. i've got a much quicker reaction time. over all, the benefits, you know, youngest improved situational awareness. which i put sensors out there, when integrate all the different data, i can start to see a bigger picture. i can understand more what's going on. i can be proactive in my cybersecurity stands. so i understand exactly what's happening to i could start to lock things down. i can prevent things like we're doing across the agencies are not going to name names but we all know what's happened recently. combating fraud, waste, and abuse. i mean, in this day and age we seem to see that more and more everywhere we turn. we are saying the side effects
of all the waste, of the insider threats, abuse that they were able to tie all the information, and we have the information we actually do. the problem is we can't correlate it now. we don't do it in love and we miss things. think about being able to proactively be alerted that an employee's behavior has changed. he starting to come in earlier. he is staying late on a weekend. is accessing systems that he doesn't know what access. if you take control all those data points together then you can start to look into the and take action, prevent something bad before it happens. and then finally over all, just achieve a more proactive stance. be able to take actions before something occurs, prevent anything from happening. now, to do all that when you
start to talk about iot, we all know that means big data. that means lots and lots of sensors, lots and lots of different data streams of different sources. and being able to manage that but not just being able to manage it statically. you need to be up to manage it in real-time. so can i get a quick show of hands, how many have heard of -- anybody? that's a good amount the coming of you are using it at your agency? got a couple guys. that's great. that's a great first step. it's a good whipping able to analyze the data did you bring it in, you put on the filesystem, and pushes it out to all these compute resources, it churns and in a couple of minutes, couple hours, a couple days it gives you some answers that you wouldn't be able to get through traditional methods. however, that's not really
real-time. that's still batch. as we move forward that's not really good enough to be able to start to take these rocket type actions. what we need to do is when you to start thinking about technologies that will allow us to process all the data in real-time, to be able to crunch millions and millions of transactions that can correlate events across different data streams so that i can see what's happening on the sensor, see what is happening out there in the social media sphere, bring a lot together and gain new insight. in order to do that you need something that's going to allow you to process that in real-time using something they called streaming analytics. has anybody heard that buzzword yet? okay. so that's what that's about. that's not being able to ingest all this data and process it as
it is streaming by the if you think of all the sedated as sort of a haystack flowing through the networks and you're trying to pick out those pins and the affluent haystack, okay? i don't have time to keep dumping it into a database, run the analysis and then go back and do it over and over again. i need to be able to just pin point those as they are flying by and discard all the noise. that's what streaming analytics is all about. i want an architecture that's going to be able to allow me to not only run the analysis on that, but gain insight. so i need to provide a visualization capability public that is going to allow me to see what's happening with the analytics, to be able to proactively take action to do some predictive analytics. so if i look a little disheveled up here, it's because iran from mcpherson square to hear
because america was late. they kept stopping. now, they've got sensors all over that thing. the data is there. they could've provided to me. i could've seen, i would have drove that i still got a car with a queens tie plates i could've whipped and 66. i just did want to part. the point is that the data is there. our processing it in real-time, we are not able to take advantage and that's what streaming analytics will allow us to do. if i could see that data and if i had the predictive capabilities say that the train ahead of me was doing the same thing, so i'm not going to just update with each station, you are five minutes late, i your five minutes later, to look up to my destination site you are going to be really late today, better drive.
so i'm running out of time, but one of the things i want to leave you with are just a couple more technical aspects to keep your ears open for things that you want, you want to keep an eye on as you move forward. i know a lot of you are not waiting for iot today, but as you do, things that are going to make the processing of all this data all this data implementable are things like event driven architectures. we need to get away from the traditional red cross response that we have now, most of our technology is based upon. it's not that stupid we need event driven architecture those are going to allow us to skip it we need complex event processi processing, okay? outlook of a lot of you have heard of it. it's relatively new. where they're looking at
millions of transactions a second, we need to go in and grab the technology and be able to use it here in our iot environment. in memory computing, so that's another, now that we are getting all that dated and we want to analyze it in real-time, it means we've got to do it in memory. we can't go to disk anymore. we've got to be able to increase the amount of the double memory we have our application to be able to process all these large data. i real-time analytic query language, we need something that will be able to allow us to run queries across streaming data. so as this comes an in a want te able to look at time when does the i want to be able to say if you can ask happens and event y happens within 30 seconds of each other, and within one mile of each other, then do this.
okay? that's going to again require new technology. i want to be able to integrate, so again, we went through the first phase over the last 10 years where we started breaking down our enterprise silos and started integrating that data within our agencies. so now we can talk within the agency and in between various agencies the next generation of integration is going to require us to integrate with everything. i need to be able to talk to twitter. i need to be able to talk to facebook. i need to be able to talk to that ocean void that is look at the in the mid-atlantic. i need to be able to talk with all of these devices, your cell phone, your car, everything. visualization, again, i need to go to visualize office. adding that it is so good i can't visualize.
i need to make sense of it and to to make proactive actions as a human i need to be able to understand the date and, therefore, i need to be able to see it. gh-performance messaging are. anybody out there running efp right now, doing some messaging? okay. that is going to become the new norm, okay? as we start to process all these different events, we need to move to technologies like message buses. again they are not scalable enough to handle that. and then finally some sort of bpm tool. so a workflow engine that going to allow me to take proactive action. so we are getting away from the point where humans can respond fast enough to these events. we need to automate them. we need to have an intelligent workflow engines that can
correlate all these different events, make decisions and then take action. so maybe within a cybersecurity scenario, once i see these different events as i see user x try to log into the system and that system and that system, you know, five consecutive failures across the board, i'm automatically going to shut down his account, lock them out, block that ip address that's coming from another country that keeps probing and on these different things. i need to be able to do this in real-time. and again what we're going to do is we're going to -- we might take a proactive action, we might therefore alert system administered to come into an investigation. we can open up the ticket, to all the things we need to do to stay in compliance. but feel that we were going to be able to do that is through an intelligent tool that's going to automate all of those different
workflow capabilities. how am i doing on time? [inaudible] could be. so with that, i'd like to open it up for questions. >> we have time for one. >> good morning. you mentioned agencies breaking down silos within them. there's a concern about the agencies themselves being filed. it just occurred to me with all these vehicles running around because the democratic agencies, why are they not telling us where -- the potholes are? when are we going to get to the point where we to integrate, probing niger question, but it
seems like we haven't gotten past that. more day in my agency but that doesn't carry over into the of agencies that agencies that can also use that dated to help us. >> that's a great question. [inaudible] >> dubrovnik that up, why are not not make more this data a double to the public in general? why isn't anybody with my google maps so when i go on there either is natural faster than taking my car could i think we've taken the first step with data.gov when we are making it available but over the last year or two we have seen a decrease in the number of that data going out to get those of you in agencies that do have that type of data that can be made open to the public, i encourage you to go back to your senior management and push them to get this put out on data.gov and some of his other places so that developers out there like me can
go in, get our hands on it and make it useful. [applause] >> thank you. we're going to take a quick break and allow everyone to sort of band together and form a little bit. we will pump fak the temperaturp just a touch. when we come back we will be taught the summons security applications. with all these things connected and what can possibly go wrong? security applications as well but all that, come back in like 10 minutes. is at work? 10 minutes. restrooms that way. we will see you back here in 10 minutes. [inaudible conversations] >> way short break in this discussion on the internet of things looking at the use of smart technology to connect
government services. this is hosted by the group govloop. if you missed any of what's been said so far you can see it all on our website, go to c-span.org. live coverage will continue after this break. in the meantime while at the moment will show you opened remarks from this conference which began shortly after 8 a.m. >> a pleasure to be here. i want to thank the organizers govloop for putting this together. so my name is daniel castro, the director of the center for data innovation which is a think tank in washington, d.c. focused on how data-driven innovation is the driving improvement in quality of life and helping grow the economy. at our focus is really on helping policymakers understand what all these changes are that are going on in technology right now, what changes that are going on with the data and how they can construct smart public policies that can accelerate these changes so we can enjoy
the benefits. what i want to do is talk to you about how the internet of things can help improve productivity in government and just generally what should we be think about, how will this impact different organizations, how this will impact us as individuals. so i definition, the ones i have is ordinary objects embedded with enhanced with internet connectivity our net worth connectivity. some people think why does my toaster need to be on the internet? is a classic example. your toaster, should not be on the internet. we talked about in it of everything. i don't think we'll be talking toasters. we will move on to things that i could have an impact. this is important. when we talk about the magnitude of this trend, this is something we are expecting that will redefine society, organizations, jewish or individual life. right now there's around
16 trillion connected devices that respect by 202,040,000,000,000 connected devices. as in step with 150 million internet connected cars. this is what we talked about coming of your phone, smartphone, now it's just a phone again. same thing with many other types of devices and objects. it's not your smart toaster, it's just your toaster or whatever this thing will be. we are seeing a transformation in many different areas. talking by the end of the things transforming different industries. let me give you a few examples. we can start with factories to the idea of smart factories is really something that is redefine how manufacturing is being done. when you look at companies like toyota or boeing, they want to know every single screw in the fact of the they want to build record that and want to automate this entire process. this changes how these
organizations work. for example, in things like recall. when you look at recalls that are happening right now, instead of having to recall 10,000 vehicles, they're able to figure out exactly what went wrong in the manufacturing process and then put a few giggles that had to go out based serial numbers, based on window manufactured and all those out and make those repairs the that changes or stations approach manufacturing. on the left this is one of the largest mining companies in the world. they could something they call the mind of the future. with your dentist that equipped equipped all of their mines all around the world with such as. they've automated their tractors and other machinery so all this data is constantly flowing back to the command center in australia where they will apply analytics to get a real-time fuel for other companies working in real-time. when they approach a mine which is a very physical industry,
it's now all about data. they are transferring terabytes of data across the world every day. this is how they operate and this is how they define thanks. on the right by that picture of a smart client that is very interesting. in agriculture, if you look at companies like john deere, they are making really smart vehicles right now. it's that something is just dragged into field. is gps enabled doctors that are very precisely laying siege based on climate conditions, based on soil test measures, based on predictions about what seed grows best in what location based on predictions about commodity markets. all this is a very data intensive process ended using sensors in the field for precision agriculture. they can forget how much moisture, how much more to need to add? they can figure out what seed,
how much fertilizer, how can make adjustments based on the wind conditions? again very data-driven, and this is changing how these organizations work. if you go to agriculture comfort is, we talk about precision agriculture but there recognizing 10 years from now it's just the way they do business. on the left this is an example of a device from verizon. it's basically a card made after 19 and four into a smart vehicle. you plug it in to the onboard diagnostic controller port on your car, which every car has, the one we see a little check engine light, that's what they plug into to see what's wrong. you plug it in and you can actually do things like remotely start your car, roll down the windows, to all the things remotely on a car that you didn't think you could do that
you actually can if you internet connectivity. so it's a simple device. just plug it in and your remote control of a car. we are seeing lots of changes in the transportation industry as we had introduction of connected vehicles. both for these kind of remote control and convenience factors as well as really improve safety. we are also talk about the end of the things fundamentally transforming cities. so you look, to show the devices we see on the market today. on the top left this is a big belly smart dash can. that are quite common. they are solar powered. and trash compactors and recycling compactors. what's interesting is they measure whether or not they are full and then they let the sanitation crews know when it's time to pick up a. this may not seem like much because there's this big, on a
campus like boston university, probably about 12 pick up a week to two pickups a week just by having the data. on the top right this is an air quality. so the idea is right now when you go outside and you usually get air quality information about the city. if you're lucky you're getting it about maybe a neighbor. this is an air quality sensor that you in your home. in your office. ya michael information about climate information and once we have this we can start doing new things. if you bike to work you can bike not only to know what the best traffic is that with the best air quality district so this is something have people operate. on the bottom right, these are parking sensors that are being deployed in san francisco and other cities that just give you real-time information on whether not a parking spot is occupied. so when you look at traffic