tv NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg on Alliances Value CSPAN September 17, 2018 10:52pm-11:49pm EDT
>> secretary general jens stoltenberg talked about the value of the nato alliance and the importance of relations with the u.s. his remarks came at an event hosted at the heritage foundation. this is 50 minutes. caught back >> good morning. how is everyone? welcome to the heritage foundation. to our ambassadors, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the heritage foundation. with this week marking the 17th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks on the united state, there is no better reminder for americans when nato was so incredibly important to our security and that of our allies. we will never forget that soon after the attack, nato invoked
its mutual defense clause, article v for the first time in the alliance's history. our nato allies immediately provided security, support and resources to help patrol and secure america's fierce pace and waterways. for those of us who were living and working in washington at that time, we will never forget. and since 2001, and has been in afghanistan where america's allies in nato have sacrificed considerably. nato troops have fought alongside u.s. troops there. since 2001, over a thousand of our nato part others have made the ultimate sacrifice. the united states and nato are
partners in promoting democratic values around the world and working together to provide security and prosperity for our allies. we share these allies was strong commitment to the rule of law, human rights, economic freedom and democracy. nato is also an alliance that has created the conditions for economic prosperity in europe and thanks to the security it has provided over a decade. this relationship provides untold benefits for the u.s. economy and by extension, the american worker. for these reasons and others, it is my personal honor to welcome secretary jens stoltenberg today. by the time he became nato's 13th secretary general in october 2014, russia had just invaded ukraine and annexed crimea only months before.
iss had just taken muscle and was on the march to baghdad. and nato is preparing to transition from a combat mission into a training mission in afghanistan. talk about hitting the ground running. under the leadership he's been able to guide the alliance through these challenging times. under his watch, nato members have increased their defense spending. the alliance posture in eastern europe has been bolstered to counter russian aggression in a new nato training mission in iraq has been established as part of the global coalition to defeat pacers. there has been a renewed focus inside the alliance to face nontraditional threats like cybersecurity and hybrid warfare. since its creation in 1949, the
north atlantic's treaty organization has done more to promote democracy and peace in europe than any other organization and has served as one of our greatest allies. for this reason and many more, we look forward to the future and that nato stays ready, resource and relevant. so please join me in welcoming the secretary-general, jens stoltenberg. thank you so much. [applause] >> so, good morning to you all. let me start by thanking ms. jones for this very generous introduction and also for having me here today and let me speak to this audience.
i'd also like to thank the heritage foundation for the very important work you do and for your steadfast support over many years for the values that nato holds so dear. i will be quite brief in my introduction. but then i would be more than happy to answer questions and respond to your comments afterwards. today i will address the issue of why nato is important, the value of nato. nato is important for europe. that is why they recognize and why they understood. that nato is also very important for united states. let me mention three reasons why nato is important also for the united states. first come the peace and stability in europe are of vital importance by proving interest
to the united states. second, nato allies share in support values which are at the heart of the american society. third, nato allies boost america's military power. so first, nato was forced in the aftermath of two world wars, which led to 90 million lines lost and widespread economic devastation. when we consider nato's value today, we need to take into account the devastating loss of life and economic costs of the major war in europe. for nearly 70 years, nato's help to preserve peace and stability in europe. this has provided the foundation for unprecedented prosperity.
for all nato allies, including the united states. europe and north america together present path of the world's economic output. and while we now see some disagreement that the tariffs, it does not change the fact that europe and north america are each other's biggest trading partners. so peace and stability in europe are the foundation for continued prosperity on both sides. second, we share fundamental values to protect and defend together. democracy, individual liberty and the value of law. they are the foundations of our free societies.
but they are also the foundations or engagement with the rest of the world. these values are not meant for other countries in need them to join our alliance. after the berlin wall came down, countries and the baltic states all joined with nato and more countries aspire to join and many have already followed. ...
president trump has been outspoken. and i have thanked him for leadership on defense spending. since president trump took office across europe and canada have spent an additional 41 million with u.s. dollars. with all of the allies on defense spending. this is the main focus. and to work with intensity for all allies. in the answer to the world we to do. to safeguard the freedom and
security of 1 billion citizens. yes we have our differences and robust debate with the ongoing fight against terrorism we have always been united with the defense mission that is why nato has been most successful with the most viable alliance in history it embodies the vital task and with prosperity. and our freedom. and in north america. thank you so much.
one -- investing in the capability we have just agreed with the headquarters in north virginia norfolk virginia. and we are also doing more to improve surveillance or common sense. in the north atlantic like norway. but i'm calling from a country and so you have to remember that the arctic north of the
and then there is no contradiction at the same time. >> now we will open it up to the audience. people with microphones. identify yourself very briefly. keep the questions brief we appreciate that. we only have so much time. >> i'm director foreign policy center here at the heritage foundation. thank you secretary mr. stoltenberg for your importance of nato to the alliance. ms. parliamentarian and chairman of four affairs committee recently proposes to
name the new nato headquarters after senator john mccain. and to have bipartisan support on this side of the atlantic or on other sides. so tell us what you thought about this proposal personally and if nato thinks of this idea? >> i very much respect senator john mccain for many reasons. not the least because of his and with that transatlantic bond. with brussels and munich. with lifelong career and also
to participate in the funeral senator mccain a couple weeks ago. and i know that the allies respect him very much and his memory. to have additional naming of buildings with a lot of precedent we have not introduced that tradition so i am certain if we can honor john mccain. and we honor him every day.
but it is significant and just to be helpful to mobilize the armed forces. and i welcome that and the german economy is so big. and with the total defense spending. so not so much with defense spending the three-quarter contributions and capabilities and germany is contributing for instance and they are responsible and with that
with the importance of strengthening the partnership between nato and georgia. and nato strongly supports the integrity of georgia. of course we don't in any way recognize the presence of the russian forces. that georgia, we help them with implementing reforms and political support and practical support to establish a training center in georgia. and to help with the reforms of security institutions. georgia is making progress.
we welcome that. we continue to support georgia and help georgia. with the integration through the membership of nato. also to be extremely grateful for georgia for nato. it participated in nato exercises to contribute to the response force. and then contributing the troops and to strengthen the partnership and to talk about what nato is doing and how important it is. so let me shift that question to public diplomacy.
it has been over 30 years since the cold war ended. the challenges today from russia on the one hand are similar on the other are entirely different. the younger people who were not alive during the cold war are asked support in military operations on behalf of nato. can you say a few words how we need to go beyond to make the case with states and politicians and experts to the public at large how important nato is for younger people? >> but with the new generation. of course that is a different thing for them but the good news is actually it is strong
and then to combine with the f35. and then it is important to recognize the importance. >> thank you for doing this. the contributions and capabilities but with respect to burden sharing has been placed in financial terms? can you give us your thoughts if that is a risk of member states to the detriment of nato? >> partner sharing is not only
spending that the contributions to send troops to afghanistan. to that eastern part of the alliance in those capabilities. but it's also about money and spending so in financial terms we are also discussing spending nato. then with the cold war. and i have told many audiences like this before as the finance minister in norway.
also to address the fragmentation of the defense industry. this is not developed into an alternative. and should welcome those eu efforts and from european leaders this is not about duplicating or strengthening. we should welcome it. with the european corporation on defense. and in europe they have seven.
and with any credible defense with those capabilities and then to defend europe. i believe in the stronger eu efforts of defense that this is complementing. >> and that nato strategic concept a lot has happened with the russian intervention of syria. it is time to update the strategic concept? to make some argue in favor of that. and some people like to do that.
we will all be users. and to find the balance. at the same time with arms control thank you very much and thank you for your time for coming here. and maybe we can make this a regular event annual on the stage or at the heritage foundation. we appreciate your speech and the time you have spent with the audience here. please join me in a round of
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