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tv   NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg on Alliances Value  CSPAN  September 17, 2018 10:52pm-11:49pm EDT

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>> secretary general jens stoltenberg talked about the value of the nato alliance and the importance of relations with the u.s. his remarks came at an event hosted at the heritage foundation. this is 50 minutes. caught back >> good morning. how is everyone? welcome to the heritage foundation. to our ambassadors, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the heritage foundation. with this week marking the 17th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks on the united state, there is no better reminder for americans when nato was so incredibly important to our security and that of our allies. we will never forget that soon after the attack, nato invoked
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its mutual defense clause, article v for the first time in the alliance's history. our nato allies immediately provided security, support and resources to help patrol and secure america's fierce pace and waterways. for those of us who were living and working in washington at that time, we will never forget. and since 2001, and has been in afghanistan where america's allies in nato have sacrificed considerably. nato troops have fought alongside u.s. troops there. since 2001, over a thousand of our nato part others have made the ultimate sacrifice. the united states and nato are
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partners in promoting democratic values around the world and working together to provide security and prosperity for our allies. we share these allies was strong commitment to the rule of law, human rights, economic freedom and democracy. nato is also an alliance that has created the conditions for economic prosperity in europe and thanks to the security it has provided over a decade. this relationship provides untold benefits for the u.s. economy and by extension, the american worker. for these reasons and others, it is my personal honor to welcome secretary jens stoltenberg today. by the time he became nato's 13th secretary general in october 2014, russia had just invaded ukraine and annexed crimea only months before.
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iss had just taken muscle and was on the march to baghdad. and nato is preparing to transition from a combat mission into a training mission in afghanistan. talk about hitting the ground running. under the leadership he's been able to guide the alliance through these challenging times. under his watch, nato members have increased their defense spending. the alliance posture in eastern europe has been bolstered to counter russian aggression in a new nato training mission in iraq has been established as part of the global coalition to defeat pacers. there has been a renewed focus inside the alliance to face nontraditional threats like cybersecurity and hybrid warfare. since its creation in 1949, the
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north atlantic's treaty organization has done more to promote democracy and peace in europe than any other organization and has served as one of our greatest allies. for this reason and many more, we look forward to the future and that nato stays ready, resource and relevant. so please join me in welcoming the secretary-general, jens stoltenberg. thank you so much. [applause] >> so, good morning to you all. let me start by thanking ms. jones for this very generous introduction and also for having me here today and let me speak to this audience.
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i'd also like to thank the heritage foundation for the very important work you do and for your steadfast support over many years for the values that nato holds so dear. i will be quite brief in my introduction. but then i would be more than happy to answer questions and respond to your comments afterwards. today i will address the issue of why nato is important, the value of nato. nato is important for europe. that is why they recognize and why they understood. that nato is also very important for united states. let me mention three reasons why nato is important also for the united states. first come the peace and stability in europe are of vital importance by proving interest
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to the united states. second, nato allies share in support values which are at the heart of the american society. third, nato allies boost america's military power. so first, nato was forced in the aftermath of two world wars, which led to 90 million lines lost and widespread economic devastation. when we consider nato's value today, we need to take into account the devastating loss of life and economic costs of the major war in europe. for nearly 70 years, nato's help to preserve peace and stability in europe. this has provided the foundation for unprecedented prosperity.
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for all nato allies, including the united states. europe and north america together present path of the world's economic output. and while we now see some disagreement that the tariffs, it does not change the fact that europe and north america are each other's biggest trading partners. so peace and stability in europe are the foundation for continued prosperity on both sides. second, we share fundamental values to protect and defend together. democracy, individual liberty and the value of law. they are the foundations of our free societies.
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but they are also the foundations or engagement with the rest of the world. these values are not meant for other countries in need them to join our alliance. after the berlin wall came down, countries and the baltic states all joined with nato and more countries aspire to join and many have already followed. ...
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>> america's allies also have capable aircraft to enhance the defense and achieve peace. furthermore with the personnel many of them working in close coordination with their counterparts. to be the eyes and the ears. and from tracking submarines
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major allies in europe with 28 mean operating bases. and then to project power playing clear strategic u.s. africa command is based not in africa but in germany. then to be headquartered in naples italy. and then as u.s. troops are wounded in iraq or afghanistan
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but i was told never in his career there were not native allies at the sites. this week and this marks the 911 attacks on the united states. and then article five with those european soldiers with
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united states and afghanistan. more than 1000 of page ultimate price. but also with that global coalition against basis with the assertive russia. and then to call upon its allies no other power in the world with so many allies. so with that prosperity and values but it is clear.
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all of the allies to stop the cuts to the defense budgets to increase spending and to move 2% of gdp. and then with 2%. this is the fourth consecutive there. but we still have a long way to go.
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president trump has been outspoken. and i have thanked him for leadership on defense spending. since president trump took office across europe and canada have spent an additional 41 million with u.s. dollars. with all of the allies on defense spending. this is the main focus. and to work with intensity for all allies. in the answer to the world we to do. to safeguard the freedom and
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security of 1 billion citizens. yes we have our differences and robust debate with the ongoing fight against terrorism we have always been united with the defense mission that is why nato has been most successful with the most viable alliance in history it embodies the vital task and with prosperity. and our freedom. and in north america. thank you so much.
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[applause] >> that was a comprehensive view of the united states and to spend decades at the heritage foundation and we are just very privileged and honored to have you here today. and i will asked the first question. so russia is clearly militarizing the arctic.
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bases have been opened. and we would be very interested in what you think. >> and with those first impressions. not only the arctic. but it does have some consequences. for instance we are in phase
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one -- investing in the capability we have just agreed with the headquarters in north virginia norfolk virginia. and we are also doing more to improve surveillance or common sense. in the north atlantic like norway. but i'm calling from a country and so you have to remember that the arctic north of the
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arctic circle which does include norway. or with the north atlantic. having said all of this to highlight the following to have high intentions in the high north it is important to keep the tensions down in the high north. we worked together and at the daimlerchrysler in.
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and then there is no contradiction at the same time. >> now we will open it up to the audience. people with microphones. identify yourself very briefly. keep the questions brief we appreciate that. we only have so much time. >> i'm director foreign policy center here at the heritage foundation. thank you secretary mr. stoltenberg for your importance of nato to the alliance. ms. parliamentarian and chairman of four affairs committee recently proposes to
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name the new nato headquarters after senator john mccain. and to have bipartisan support on this side of the atlantic or on other sides. so tell us what you thought about this proposal personally and if nato thinks of this idea? >> i very much respect senator john mccain for many reasons. not the least because of his and with that transatlantic bond. with brussels and munich. with lifelong career and also
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to participate in the funeral senator mccain a couple weeks ago. and i know that the allies respect him very much and his memory. to have additional naming of buildings with a lot of precedent we have not introduced that tradition so i am certain if we can honor john mccain. and we honor him every day.
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>> we hear criticism from washington about contribution and its level of defense spending. i'm interesting how you see the trends in germany in your dialogue with germany. that the nato allies in the east could provoke a conflict with russia? so with that alliance and for many, many decades.
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with a defensive response. with russia to be responsible for it. and therefore with that defensive alliance. we all agree and that nato summit in july and then germany has started to increase defense spending.
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but it is significant and just to be helpful to mobilize the armed forces. and i welcome that and the german economy is so big. and with the total defense spending. so not so much with defense spending the three-quarter contributions and capabilities and germany is contributing for instance and they are responsible and with that
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league of nations and inco civil but also those groups. so the short answer is yes germany should do more but it does agree about the defense. so what about the protest possible? >> we have a great thing with the georgian president in brussels.
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with the importance of strengthening the partnership between nato and georgia. and nato strongly supports the integrity of georgia. of course we don't in any way recognize the presence of the russian forces. that georgia, we help them with implementing reforms and political support and practical support to establish a training center in georgia. and to help with the reforms of security institutions. georgia is making progress.
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we welcome that. we continue to support georgia and help georgia. with the integration through the membership of nato. also to be extremely grateful for georgia for nato. it participated in nato exercises to contribute to the response force. and then contributing the troops and to strengthen the partnership and to talk about what nato is doing and how important it is. so let me shift that question to public diplomacy.
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it has been over 30 years since the cold war ended. the challenges today from russia on the one hand are similar on the other are entirely different. the younger people who were not alive during the cold war are asked support in military operations on behalf of nato. can you say a few words how we need to go beyond to make the case with states and politicians and experts to the public at large how important nato is for younger people? >> but with the new generation. of course that is a different thing for them but the good news is actually it is strong
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support for nato and that support has increased 60 something percent and in those european allied countries. and at that historic high level. and without bipartisan support. and at least with that collective defense in europe but it is able to respond to those challenges.
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and with the cybercapabilities in the response. and with that new challenge to play a key role in the reason we are in afghanistan is for a safe haven. and now so now i can sell it also helps to respond to any crisis and help to implement
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between turkey. to throw off illegal migration. >> can you talk about and how you see this information? to see how russia tries to metal in our democratic political process and also
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through this information using social media. are the republic of macedonia. and they have through the 30th of september. and then to become a common member. and with that public of macedonia and also montenegro. and then to use edi to use this information with the political process.
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this is part of cyberdefense. and responding to this information and the best way with the propaganda then what we try to do and to be sold to the headquarters. and also those different member states. and to see the dangers of that political process. i also strongly believe and
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then to spread that information and propaganda. that is to ask that difficult question. and it is extremely important and that was integral to the political process. >> i'm wondering if you can discuss the situation turkey was in. and also to buy the f35.
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and there is a disagreement on this issue. and it was a national decision. and this is the systems that work together is also discussed in washington it is possible to find a solution
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and to be part of that f35 program. there is dialogue between turkey and for this dialogue and with the summit in july and april. and for many reasons. and to see how that is bordering iraq. that is so important to the fight infrastructure basis and
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with that success and dealing with the refugee crisis. and with that important with the eu and turkey with those migrants but without that comparison. and to understand and to see those terrorist attacks in turkey so yes it is a challenge.
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and then to combine with the f35. and then it is important to recognize the importance. >> thank you for doing this. the contributions and capabilities but with respect to burden sharing has been placed in financial terms? can you give us your thoughts if that is a risk of member states to the detriment of nato? >> partner sharing is not only
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spending that the contributions to send troops to afghanistan. to that eastern part of the alliance in those capabilities. but it's also about money and spending so in financial terms we are also discussing spending nato. then with the cold war. and i have told many audiences like this before as the finance minister in norway.
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and that was the natural thing to do. then to increase the defense spending. and then to increase defense spending. and then call on the allies to invest more. they spent 3% of gdp. and the good news is it really started to move. you spend that on defense. and also to spend less and as
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i said last year 5.2%. and since trump became president nato and european allies 41 billion u.s. dollars. so we are pushing for more but with that issue of spending. and with the european union. and the and to develop and
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also to address the fragmentation of the defense industry. this is not developed into an alternative. and should welcome those eu efforts and from european leaders this is not about duplicating or strengthening. we should welcome it. with the european corporation on defense. and in europe they have seven.
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and with that test corporation. and with that defense industry. and the eu efforts on defense commemorate if you look at the figures when the u.k. leaves eu 8% of of expenditures come from the non- eu allies. with norway and iceland. and the counterbalance.
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and with any credible defense with those capabilities and then to defend europe. i believe in the stronger eu efforts of defense that this is complementing. >> and that nato strategic concept a lot has happened with the russian intervention of syria. it is time to update the strategic concept? to make some argue in favor of that. and some people like to do that.
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as long as we are able to but we have proven because of the cold war. and that troops of the eastern part. and with that nato response force. and with that initiative. and those air squadrons.
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it comes more to cyberand hybrid and so on. not saying it with that concept but actions are the most important thing. >> we are trying for one more. >> last week and for russia.
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[inaudible] thank you. >> and to be invested in many different parts. and intelligence. and to undermine what nato is doing. then to invest that capability organizing the armed forces with those formation with the ongoing russian exercises. and has been willing to use
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military force against neighbors that is why has the biggest reinforcement and then playing biplane with what russia is doing it is not speaking the cooperation from russia. there is no cooperation and at the same time seeking dialogue to reduce tensions and coming
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from norway and at the same time. even the part of the cold war. and with the russian military up in the north. but that was not despite that. and with the platform to engage with russia.
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we will all be users. and to find the balance. at the same time with arms control thank you very much and thank you for your time for coming here. and maybe we can make this a regular event annual on the stage or at the heritage foundation. we appreciate your speech and the time you have spent with the audience here. please join me in a round of
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applause. [applause] [inaudible conversations]
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minutes. [inaudible conversations] >> if witnessnd

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