tv Governors Hold Discussion on Infrastructure CSPAN December 3, 2021 1:27am-2:30am EST
briefing to talk about the congressional agenda. and at 2:00 p.m. a discussion on healthcare policy with the head of the center for medicaid and chip services. everything is also available to watch at c-span.org or on a free mobile app next governors talk about the infrastructure needs other states in the importance of the recently passed 1.2 trillion dollar infrastructure.
[silence] >> good afternoon everyone and welcome back to her final work session of the pre-before we begin i would like to thank everyone for the great discussions regarding had today and we will continue in the next couple of days. during the session will hear directly from governors and how they plan to implement the federal funding for infrastructure improvement as a result of the passage of the infrastructure jobs act read over the past year governors across the country have played a crucial role of advocating for the passage of ii ja and look forward to continuing to work with our partners to ensure that were meeting the demands of the country's infrastructure needs. governors have been leaders to revitalize amicus transportation system, electric grids broadband access and cybersecurity however, there is more work to be done. with that i would like to introduce to the stage and i alo virtually first of all our mda
chairman arkansas governor asa hutchinson. >> we also have ourha former chr who we heard from earlier larry hogan. we have louisiana governor -- [applause] >> the governor of guam. [applause] and pennsylvania's governor tom wolf. to moderate today's conversation we have aviation a administration administrator and globallo chair jane barbie. >> thank you for joining us today and governor hutchison i'm going to turn over to you to get us started. >> thank you i want to express appreciation at the mta for
hosting the summit. also administrator jane garvey for being the team moderator of it. but my fellow governors for taking the time and trouble to talk about this important issue facing our state in the coming years. there is probably not a more important and timely panel discussion than the summit on infrastructure. i appreciate each of youra being there, thanks for leading the efforts in your state and leading the discussion today. i'm very proud that the nga stood tall and supported the bipartisantr infrastructure bil. it made it through all the roadblocks and signed into law. those who criticize this investment say only a portion goes to highways and bridges. i know there are parts that i don't agree with in the bill but
congress widely broadened the definition of infrastructure and as governors we have to increase investment and water projects, broadband, power infrastructure, cybersecurity and airports. and that is today's world and the breath of the investment from this bill is a positive ans not a negative. the bill emphasizes planning as states we need to share ideas and best practices on the best way to include the private sector and public partners and the best strategy for investment of these funds. we are starting the process in arkansas but we have time to get it done because of the length of the investment and the impact of this bill. i know the mga will be helpful
to guide us on best practices. i am delighted to learn from the other governors on this panel of what's happening on your states and your plans for the infrastructure funding. i will make additional comments before i do the formal introductions. i looked at the arpa funds and in arkansas we had $1.5 billion. i thought that would be sufficient to get us with all the investment and rural broadband in our water projects but the arpa funding from our standpoint was diverted to deal with the consequences of the delta variant. at a time when i was looking at 1.5 billion that we had adequate resources but the variant and the resources to her hospital staff and other health needs depleted the arpa funds. for that reason the infrastructure funds that are
now flowing will be critically important to help us to get to where we need to be in rural broadband and the other investments. the other point i would make is a nationally significance of ths bill itself before the bill passed we had the bridge the i-40, interstate 40 bridge over the mississippi river between tennessee and arkansas. it was closed for two months to cause an inspection reveal a critical fault in the bridge. it had to be closed for safety and that disrupted our supply chain and were mostly. even before christmas got here. it just illustrates the need for the investment in the inspection of our bridges and if they cross state lines and the infrastructure bill helps us to get to where we need to be in terms of supporting efforts. let me come back to our guest today. i am so delighted to see you
again. jane is the global chairman of arabian infrastructure. i knew her in public service. she served as the 14th administrator, the federal aviation administrator from august of 1997 to august of 2002. she was the first faa administrator to serve a full five-year term in the first female to lead the agency. not only did she leave the agency for five years but during the toughest times imaginable she led the faa through the preparation through y2k in jane and i share a common experience she led the faa during and after the september 11 attacks pre-there is not a tougher job to have responsibility for bringing back our flights after 9/11 attack. i saw her in action and she can lead under pressure.
her awards include designation of 100 heroes in aviation history as part of the first flight centennial celebration. that is pretty cool. good to see you and thank you for moderating the panel. larry hogan has already been introduced as previously serving as nga chair and he did an outstanding job he like the governor of maryland in 2015. he was overwhelmingly reelected to a secondd four-year term with the most votes of any gubernatorial candidate and maryland. he is only the second republican governor to be reelected in a 242 history of the state. i want to recognize his leadership on infrastructure as well. that was his chair's initiative while he was mta chair. then we have governor john bel edwards. i want to thank you for hosting me in your absence to the lsu
arkansas game. >> thank you for beaten us. >> i'm so proud of your service john bell. 56 governor of louisiana is reelected in 2019. i have to say he was reelected in a red state which means you are a powerhouse there. he's had a distinguished career. i love that he graduated from west point in 1988. accepted the commission and attended the u.s. army and eight years of active duty he earned the airborne ranger and jet master status and a rifle company in the 82nd airborne division at fort bragg. he has some ofl the best at his governors residence and a great garden and i got to enjoy them all. thank you john. we are really honored to have
the ninth governor of guam. the first woman elected governor. she began her political careeror in 1994 when she was elected to the guam legislature. as a senator she served as majority leader and chairman on the committee on rules and health. she wrote legislation and created guam's healthy future fund advanced restaurants and bars. she's a registered nurse and supported initiatives that increase salaries for nurse salaries and we are delighted to have her join us today. then we have governor g tom wol. tom we haven't been able to see you lately much great to have you on this panel and we appreciate your leadership. he was elected pennsylvania's 47th governor in january 2015 and is for staying off this from
accepting gifts from lobbyists. before he became governor tom bought the family business the wolf organization which distributes lumber and other billing products in more than quintupled in size under his leadership. he donates his salary to charity and refuses to state pension. would everyone join in welcoming the panelist and alternate over to jane garvey. [applause] >> taking very much is wonderful this is a real privilege to be on the stage and moderating a panel with such distinguished leaders. it's been a very timely discussion. i love some of the comments i've heard today and unprecedented. imagine hearing that about transportation infrastructure. unprecedented funding. governor hogan i love your comment about generational
mission. this allows us to move forward on a generational mission and that is something that i think we don't want to lose d site of. that is wonderful as well. we also know while this bill is being greeted with enthusiasm and hope, the real work lies ahead. transforming all of the aspirational legislative language into real projects, into real tangible benefits to the american people. it really rest with the state and territory in the governors who are sitting on the stage and their colleagues throughout the united states. the real work begins in the states in the territories. that limitation of all of that lies ahead. today's session gives us an opportunity to hear from the governors both the challenges that they are facing, how they are thinking about
implementation and what their priorities might be. i am very eager as i know so many of you are to hear from the governors. we arean going to start with governor hogan and then moved on to all the governors. i told the governors, i think of the easiest job at this day this is a wealth of information and i'm eager to hear it. governor hogan. >> taking very much and thanky you, mr. chairman for putting this together. i am very pleased to have my fellow governors here and i want to thank the mda for hosting a here. and thank everybody for all their incredible work to get us to this point. not only for p the summit but wh getting the bipartisan infrastructure bill done. i know a lot of people in this room had a lot to do with that.
we finally got it done and is going to be a a game changer and is going to enable us to move forward on a transformational project we are still waiting for more guidance from the federal government we will be talking more tomorrow. we don't know the exact timing and exactly what strings are going to be attached to the money. the devil is in the details pre-there is no question it will enable us to do more for states and working together regionally to get things done for our state. we talked earlier, we've been really focused on infrastructure and the great transportationy. secretary. i think you heard from them earlier today. we've been getting a lot done we've been resurfacing 85% of the system and building bridges and fixing bridges in the
american legion bridge that connects the two states together and the huge improvement to airports. we've already made a lot of progress. we move forward on the top priority projects of every one of our 24 jurisdictions for seven years. his a lot ofng things in the pipeline this funding, we haven't made final decisions about how to spend every petty it will enable us to that entire highway system before we leave office we will try to move forward on the big projects and move forward on a lot of other things. not just transportation but our water system and resiliency in efforts thates were doing. it'll be transformational and
i'm anxious to hear from my fellow governors about their ideas and what they're getting is a form and am looking forward to the discussions. hopefully our budget guys and we want sees the money until next year and exactly when and how much. we do infrastructure planning years in advance. we will find a way to utilize every penny that we receive and we will put it to good use. exactly how we're going to do that is not quite decided. >> thank you jane and larry it's great to be in the great state of maryland -- [laughter] >> we are happy for your service even though you didn't make it to the naval account. [laughter]
>> i'm representing west point and just for the record. >> i would not wear that out later as you're going downtown. >> there is a beautiful portrait and i want you to know the mustache before i got in the room. this is a great topic and there is so much in the bill especially if you're from louisiana where you're the most challenged in the country when it comes to climate change.e 2000 miles of coast since 1930. that is a football field an hour onon average. we have had five hurricanes in the last two hurricane i season. too tied to the strongest ever that made landfall in louisiana. we are still suffering greatly.
when we build back we always try to build back better. but if you don't have the resources to do it is mostly talk. we will have opportunities to do that and were excited. a lot of our people don't have broadband because they don't live in areas or they can't afford it or if they do maybe they lack literacy skills or devices. all of that is i going to be addressed to a degree that would not ofdn been possible but for e infrastructure bill and were excited about that. this money there we have more than our fair share of those. methane emissions are occurring because of that. we will be able to do that but roads and bridges, $6 million over five years that is about a 20% increase of what we would normally get from the formula. a little less than 5 billion of that would be for roads and a billion more for bridges. that is really important for usr
in louisiana. unfortunately despite our very best efforts we have a 14 or billion dollar backlog andil necessary infrastructure included. the work there is multi-mobile in the mississippi river is one of the biggest advantages that we have and you try to compete not just with other states with the rest of the world. we have to b make sure it's deep enough in the biggest vessels can come up in the container terminals there that we need to service the third of the country. in the anti-inflationary and those sorts of investments. this will give us an opportunity to do things that we would not be able to do otherwise in my last point before i give up on the introductory. this is going to be altransformational and i play te bipartisan nature which became a
reality also is going to be transformational in this indication that we could do more things like this and i know ever since it passed it seemed like the two sides went back to the quarters but at least they know it is possible for them to come together in washington and you really important work. i'm not sure what happened without the governors larry hogan working so hard on the infrastructure and woman governors and senators and congresspeople irrespective a party to talk about what the infrastructure package really will need to look like at the end of the day in the discussion that we had that's what this bill look like. you did a good job. thank you very much. >> you helped make it happen. >> that is such an important point, it's a bipartisan nature that would not really seen before. i thank you, is well taken and
we should take to heart to continue the bipartisan relationship. that is the challenge. >> thank you a before i begin i wanted to thank the national governors association for your leadership in thehe participants in getting the governors altogether and waking up at one into the morning so i can be pat of the zoom meeting and i also want to thank the leadership of governor hogan and now governor hutchinson has to take the ball down to the end of the football field. we are also very grateful for the generosity of the federal government and the national aid thatme we've gotten from eit to arp to the cares act and now the
infrastructure bill. i also want to let you know that guam saying is guam is where america's dayme begins. in the timing differences. i want youou all to know that i have the answers already ahead of all of you. we predicted the presidency way before the last polling was closed and i was trying to get a hold of the president elect then joe biden to let him know to relax because he won but he did not take my call. but i also wanted to say president biden and vice president harris for their passion and their compassion to buildn back better and to put money in the hands of the americans in that guam has been
building a medical healthcare complex. covid has showed us our system is very fragile and we don't have the luxury of going to another state. we are in the pacific ocean between asia and the united states. were very much in the mercy of asian development in asian countries. medical aid very good complex will put the investment back into the hands of our people. >> those are the three main categories that we have two prioritize.
our economy is very much dependent on tourism and is dependent on international travel. that is different from here in the united states where you have domestic tourism. i know a lot of people go to louisiana. i've been to new orleans mardi gras i had a nice time. i was not governor then. but i enjoyed my time. we are very dependent in the asian market and when we look at our economy and tourism and how it went from pre-covid over 1.5 million tourists which is good for us to 0. we are also looking at economic diversity and were trying to bring in different investors and certainly having a good safe road system in a good hospital care there and so forth would entice and interact these investors. that's how we prioritize it. economic recovery, climate resiliency and having a good sound medical complex to put the investment into the hands of our people. >> very good. thank you. >> first of all let me say thank you for a hosting. your great help in getting this pass. i want to thank them for helping this meeting. were the fifth-largest in the country and with the keystone
state. that means just about every piece of anything coming out of the port of baltimore and the east coast has to come to pennsylvania. there are three main interstates going east to west 76 and 80 and two of the three come from pennsylvania. the three-way comes in pennsylvania too. this infrastructure bill is huge importance to us. we need to make sure our roads and bridges and as the secretary pointed out the third highest number of bridges in the united states. we need to make sure the roads and bridges work. like every other state we need broadband and we need to make sure everybody is served in rural as well as urban areas and everybody in the 21st century
needs to be connected with internet broadband is the key. our water systems. we need to make sure our electric grid is up to speed. we need to make sure we have the anbersecurity in the age of the connectedness. it is so important to everybody the united states but there's nowhere like pennsylvania we need all the things that this bill brings and i was one year strong supporters for lobbying. this is really important there are some folks that say we should not be spending this amount of money but we've been putting this offer far too long. decades. i was in business before i took this job. this is my second year politics. there was never anything that we can make an investment but we turn borrow money to produce a much bigger return. there is nothing that we can do as a nation to make this
investment no matter how we get this money to invest and increase productivity. we are cheating ourselves and we don't do this. i am very proud of president biden and very grateful for what you and the governor association has done to make sure we make this really important investment for a future. >> thank you very much. it's really exciting to hear that you've targeted or begun to think about areas where you know you will need the funding that will be available. someone mentioned there are 59oo new programs. i had not looked at in that detail but that's a big number. a big change in what we seen
before. i do understand that the government dot and energy will be issuing guidance as opposed to regulation which is encouraging because that will allow us to begin to understand what thehe h criteria will be ad how to respond to that. that's really positive. they get in terms of the new programs. you mention broadband. are those others that you heard about or your staff is talked about or you think that we have to focus on that were spent some time on.
>> let me touch on some things that my colleagues have touched on. they were a big part of the partisan infrastructure initiative and all of our fellow governors were not with us today for the governors came together republicans and democrats and pushed from the beginning and i think you had a big impact on making that happen. everything that we put in our mta initiative and all the governors came to agree on ended up in the final bill which is great. there's a lot of programs that can help us a week prior to this we invested $400 million in trying to get broadband to everything a person who doesn't have access to high-speed internet and a lot of the programs we've been working with are able to move forward and move up in the priority list. one of the things that are initiative the mta pushed for was cyber it was not the republican bill or the way we got republicans agreed to add things the tunnels and airports like some green energy stuff and
resiliency. we got democrats to say let's not put all the social stuff and one bill for that talk about were protecting the grid and taking care coastal flooding and fixing the transportation infrastructure and water systems. it really was a collapse we talk about the t bipartisan bill. we had to drag both sides into the middle. i think the republican side was 600 million, roads, bridges and tunnels and the democrats multiple times wrote a separate bill and the president smartly agreed to say let's get the bill done, where we confided agreement in ad bipartisan way. that's what happened in i want to take all of our colleagues on both sides of the aisle for helping in our friends in congress who had standup to do it and pressure from both sides. both leaderships at the deal got done from the middle. we started off the conversation by saying maybe this is
something we should do in the future. i think all of us sitting on the stage really believe in common sense bipartisan solution bringing people together. it is what governors are really good at. it is what washington is not so good at. this is the first time that i remember instead of just pointing fingers and arguing back and forth that we sat down and hammered out an agreement on something really important. andn america. ..
with those public private partnerships. we are all getting a lot of money from this. but is not an infinite amount and not nearly what the engineers are saying that we need to address our infrastructure gaps. so we need some way to attract private sector money to augment what we have going from the federal government. so something that looks like a special-purpose authority that most states have set up one way or another that serves in the infrastructure bank where you can fool the resources that you have with the expertise and then also use
the money that comes from the federal government to leverage so that you have this money into the future this is the kind of thing that i love doing but it is important projects banks like this that would actually make the banks accountable. and within a very short time we could become self-sufficient. look at infrastructure that survives a really good bill. >> i agree with tom and the issue of sustainability and
implementation we have that down with public-private partnership, working with other people and collaborating and communicating and relationships and so forth. but for us how do we sustain it or become more self-sufficient and may be ten years from now we may or may not get the federal monies. so what we're doing and want is one —- in guam is to form an economic cushion. what we're doing is looking at we are here located
geographically. we are the first line of national security defense. we have a lot of military activity in guam. we have a lot of construction going on. that is with economic revenues. but more importantly if we are geographically located where we can take advantages of the need of a redundant telecommunications, then they should go up north to the united states now they are looking for an alternative source which would be redundancy. so we say guam is the place. we are a stable government. we are connected very much to the united states. the standards of practice are very good.
actually we have a lot of landing cables coming from asia. we are trying to set up a robust data center we are trying to attract google and microsoft and amazon to use us with their tools and conduit. what we are pursuing because of the fragile supply chain and the military there and then to establish the part. so we are working with
companies. my point is committee think we need to be very creative and innovative of diversification. the other thing that is my biggest pet peeve is aquaculture i want want to be the center of aquaculture. there are billions and billions of money in that industry. we would have food security and then we would be self sustained with the stabilization. >> and you like to advance some of those goals? >> and then to you say take what it says and makes the program so it meets that.
aquaculture decreases carbon monoxide. [laughter] are carbon dioxide. and with the mission into the air. so i think that would fit into the carbon dioxide eligibility. >> i thank you are on to something. [laughter] talk about the resilience. it is such a challenge for your state you see some potential quick. >> we absolutely do. without a doubt we have the most robust climate adaptation program anywhere in the country where we are investing a minimum of $50 billion to do projects that restore the coast but also offer more protection.
i gave you the bad news with land loss but the good news when the projects are completed those under design and construction we will be building more land in the louisiana and then we are losing but you have to have the resources to make that happen. you need the workforce and it has to be science -based. but the other thing is we know that this works. hurricane ida took a similar path to hurricane katrina. you did see all the things that we saw with hurricane katrina because of the infrastructure investments that have happened since then. we generously thank you over $14 billion for the most complex set of late - - levies and pumps and we know that they work. and those systems are needed
and are built across south bc and is so the emphasis on resiliency is spot on from my perspective. what can we do to make sure the lights don't go out? and if they do how to get them turn back on quicker. and is not just about your comfort with air-conditioning. although that is important in south louisiana in august. but if hospitals cannot stay open because the water systems fail or they have received damage themselves and then they lose power and then the last two years even with patients. so to make the whole system more resilient part of new orleans never lost power and they have a micro grid fueled by solar and never lost power. we have to do more things like
this. other parts of that will come later but it is incredibly important that these are going all around the country. we'll have that exportable commodity. in the expertise to develop now. >> i think one of them has to do with best practices i have heard this already. this is terrific. >> i just want to follow up on private sector investment in that is critically important that something we are big believers been doing for seven years also a big part of the infrastructure initiative and the summit we held around the
country and australia where they do a really good job to utilize private sector investment. and with the unique part of it with the infrastructure banks but the whole idea there is in addition to the federal money the unlimited amount of investment dollars that to invest in infrastructure that we need to leverage and capitalize to do even more that's not just relying on taxpayers. we have done that here. we have public private partnership to help us increase productivity and put people to work. and the largest light rail project in the washington metro area. and then connecting west virginia and the beltway with
a private partnership there are dollars comedian. australia does a ton of this so does canada. and then to leverage private sector investment. it with that chair initiative. and then to have that disagreement with the republican colleagues said with my democratic friends that we should be doing those with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle said yes. >> and we have a challenge in pennsylvania with the state of denial olivia funded transportation and investment
in the past is the fossil fuel tax. cars and trucks are getting more fuel-efficient but general motors will leave and make the internal combustion engine so that is how we are funding the infrastructure. and with that series of cash flows coming in. >> and like the gas tax with no gas. [laughter] >> . >> it's a hard fact. >> are then to provide the funding so then if they have the toll highways they make it hard to do the things to create the cash flow and he sees virtue and investing.
>> i like that. [laughter] >> and then looking for a contractor. [laughter] and then to come up with some alternative and one of the next things is to figure out how we create that cash flow with the private sector investment with the federal and state governments with the funding that we need to make sure we have the future because based on what we are doing the way we do it now we don't have a future. >> and then that you mentioned a while ago and then the governor mentioned it. and when the rules are
written, first of all they need to be written and then left alone. and then to start planning now and then and then to have the flexibility to do all of the above as it works for us. i don't have the population debate on —- density to do what you have done but we do have some projects we can do with public-private partnerships. because we have the first bridge replacement done in our state's history that we started a couple years ago. if we are ever going to build a new bridge along the i tend connecting los angeles california with the east coast of florida then the public will have to play a part in that. i am optimistic the rules will not be written in a way that
prevent us from taking advantage of that opportunity. otherwise i don't know how we will deliver that project. that is a 2 million-dollar project in and of itself. and with that private sector i don't know how. >> keep in mind. if you're not asking the private sector, we just need to stop the public sector. >> and then to buy that cost so there is a toll it is as low as it can be the business plan does not work if they just give you something. so we are hopeful and optimistic. the other point i want to make i directed all cabinet agencies have a part to play in the infrastructure investment jobs act contact your counterparts.
>> they may not even see it from your perspective and to be less likely to be. >> and then to have the flexibility. and then they can't be too complex with a lot of flexibility. but then we have to be a partner with the rulemaking so the bill is great and the regulations are to be important. >> implementation is a challenge make the guidance clear to give it enough flexibility to the state is there were rule to pull
together these great ideas like the banks and the issue of how you keep diversifying your economy and so forth is there a role with that? >> i think absolutely the nga staff does an incredible job it's a great resource for us and gathering all of the input around the states and territories what we are concerned about what they should be addressing during covid we all got together and shared thoughts and best practices thinking this is another time we should be gathering and sharing best practices and information. so i think nga should help us do that. >> i see that as a strong voice and president biden did
say that the state governors will make this happen. so that is a strength we should all leverage to unite all of us going forward not just to the white house but the governor's we all have a representative that vote we don't have a senate because we are not a state we are a territory. we don't have as much of a strong voice as my other colleagues through their senators and house of representatives. but certainly nga for me has been a strong driver and influence. look at we were discussing
what we wanted was for the governors to have discretionary power over the aarp and that happened. in my senator is very upset because they cannot appropriate the $596 million that was given to us. but that is what nga was constantly saying so that whenever we had any meetings with the white house. i remember that. >> they didn't always like it when i said that. but the point is they do have a very strong role to play. not just the infrastructure bill that the build back better and those are beneficial to the people. >> they might have a senator
but they have a great governor. [laughter] >> yes. thank you. [applause] >> in looking at the clock that was not working for a while. >> that i hope you for you go i at least one of you will comment on how do we keep the sense of bipartisanship going? is there a way? you have done an incredible job of that and it was heartening for those of us watching the bill and the discussions to see that role you played to pull people together. >> i believe nga is the catalyst for all of that. and the seminar for new governors and i didn't really
know. and those that you could not tell him blue and red jerseys and everyone was sharing meant to be on the executive committee and i really believe that nga we don't always agree i don't agree with my wife on everything. [laughter] but we do collaborate better than they do in the house are in the senate are mostly legislative bodies and we can set an example but we have to push washington. and this is one perfect example that it is possible that it is still the exception to the rule and how to continue the momentum from this working across the aisle.
>> but i think the role of governor puts us in a different position we have to get things done so i think we all work with legislatures in the opposite party and we got things done. maybe there is greater bipartisanship out there that we are led to believe because states do get things done at the state level and county level and some of that dysfunction is a little overblown but the governor's position in and of itself lends to that bipartisanship in the national governors association bringing executives together helps that spirit. >> having been a member of the state legislature and now
governor with 105 members of the house you with the house of representatives of washington you are not personally responsible you are not. you can always justify your vote but if you are the one and only governor nothing happens if you take that approach i would've been a legislator and a governor for eight years so we need for people in congress to not take that approach to feel they are personally responsible although it becomes too easy to just say no.
my voters not only to account i have a district i don't have to worry about. that leads to too much dysfunction but the bright spot over the last several years has been this bill maybe this points the way forward. >> i think everyone is right. but i feel our constituents , the people in our state those of washington dc in the white house should also have the attitude that it is the people of the nation that will benefit and it doesn't matter if you are democrat or a republican i ran as a democrat but i want was a governor for everybody not just the democrats. so with that kind of attitude, it will benefit that constituents and how it will benefit so therefore we have
to work together. >> it sounds simple but doing it is hard work. but done through nga i think it would go forward and the outcome will be so great people start thinking way. >> i forget that because. [laughter] >> thank you to the governors this is a great discussion we have a lot to ahead of us but we have a high degree of confidence and i am delighted to say we are finishing two seconds ahead of schedule. [laughter] [applause] >> thank you for a great day enjoy your evening and we'll