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tv   Presidents Kennedy and Johnson Speak at the University of Michigan  CSPAN  November 16, 2013 12:45pm-1:01pm EST

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are a little less well-known. the alamo speeches in there are not as well-known. we try to do a little bit of everything to make it interesting. [ applause ] >> i never saw anything like it when i landed. there was broken equipment. there was bodies all over the place. they hadn't yet to bury anybody, even the japanese or the american marines. they were bodies without arms and heads and completely vis rated. there is a smell that you never get over to this day. when i drive by a cemetery and
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especially if they are using recycled water, i think i can smell the dead bodies. >> one of the reasons they took iwojima is they came in and fly 1,000 miles, bumper-to-bumper they had to go over iwojima to get to tokyo. iwojima would forewarn them by radar and they had two planes that could shoot down the injured between them when we were returning. they got so bad that a friend of mine who was there, he told me that they had submarines every 50 miles between tokyo to pick up the flyers. >> the battle for iwojima told by the men who were there told by 5:00 eastern on c-span 3. all weekend long, american history tv is featuring ann arbor, michigan, nicknamed tree
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town because of the tense forestation in parks and residential areas. hosted by the comcast cable partners, c-span's local vehicles recently traveled there. they explored the area's rich history. learn more all weekend here on american history tv. >> i come here tonight to say or two words for this campaign that is am can be into the last three weeks. >> on october 13th, john kennedy had his third of four debates with richard nixon and then the plan was for him to fly to ann arbor and stay here. this was a hotel among other things. stay here and then the next morning start on a whistle staff across the state. then word got out in the
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community that he was going to stay here tonight. students started gathering here. he was supposed to get here about 11:00. instead he got here closer to 2:00. there were students waiting for two hours. his plan was go to go in the side door and sneak in and sleep for the night. he was already late. he had to get up early in the morning. when he heard there was a huge crowd, he couldn't do that. here he is looking at the huge crowd of people and thinking what can i tell them. he thought of the idea of a peace corps. he floated the idea saying to them if you are a doctor or engineer or a technician, would you be willing to go abroad for a year or two and help people with other countries and that would help the cause worldwide. he went on and said that people didn't go to school or college
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just to get better in their life, but to do something for the world. how many of you who are going to be doctors are willing to spend your days in ghana, technicians or engineers, how many are you are willing to work in the foreign service and spend your lives trailing around the world? on your willingness to do that, i'm willing to serve one or two years in the service, on your willingness to contribute part of your to this country, i think it's whether a free society can. i think americans are willing to contribute. in the end it must be far greater than we ever made it in the past. >> that might have been the end of it except that there were people in the audience, particularly a married couple who decided to take it a step further and they ended up with this petition where they got something like 800 signatures.
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the petition was not just we think this is a great idea, but if you set this
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he didn't know it was the idea of the speech. the students here responded like they promised to. and for a long time, i don't know what the latest numbers are, but for years, i know and it's probably still true that the university of michigan we are in the university of michigan stadium. this is where president johnson announced the great society program. which was his major plan for improving the country. he gave it at the 1964
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commencement. it was may 27th. six months after kennedy was shot. johnson had just been in office for six months and he would be running for election his first time to be elected president and this was seen by him and his staff as a good time to roll out the program that was going to be his touchstone of what he wanted to do -- do with the presidency and it would be a big audience, it was not just students faculty and parents, they had school kids from all over the state, all sorts of dignitaries came, and the whole place was filled. >> your imagination and your initiative and your indignation will determine whether we build a society where progress is the
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servant of our needs, or a society where old values and new visions are buried under unbr e unbrideled growth. for in your time, we have the opportunity to move not only toward the rich society and the powerful society, but upwards to the great society. the great society was a whole group of all the programs that johnson was thinking would be a good idea. and of course, he came from a poor background and the reason he has said that he was in go. was that he wanted to help people like himself, where the government could help people. he mentioned in the great society speech, three areas. he mentioned the cities and all the people that people in poverty, the people that live in the cities would need. people in the country, what they need and particularly cleaner air, cleaner water. and also schools. so, he mentioned more money toly
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skoos. headstart, he mentioned. that is a major program. the city things were the ooe, office of economic opportunity. and -- and medicare and medicade, if not for the vietnam war, this guy would have done all this great stuff. we think, wow, johnson moved ahead in working on our problems as a society. but the interesting thing about
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it, a sideline, is that he was clearly doing it for a national a audience. he was not worried about being here in the university of michigan in ann arbor, that was the vehicle. he never mentioned the university of michigan, toward the end of the speech, he made a reference to young people, young people would be involved in this and would you be willing to help me with these things. sort of like kennedy with the peace corp speech. but he never said, will you here in ann arbor. so he was being a statesman in the speech. i think it's interesting that both the major events that are part of our national history of where you will say, both of
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those presidents were a major part of their program and what they did, that they happened here. and i don't think it was an accident. you could say, it could have been somewhere else. yur university of michigan is known for idealistic young people that care about the world. it has a tradition of always being, you know, having lots of discussions on world issues is and having opinions and i think in both cases the presidents johnson and kennedy knew they would get a good response. throughout the weekend, american history tv is featuring ann arbor michigan. our local vehicles traveled there to see more about its history.
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you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every wees weekend on c-span three. >> join american history today on novemb on november 23rd and 24th for eyewitness accounts of the events. we will air president lyndon johnson's address to congress and watch ceremonies and the jfk library in boston and we will take your phone calls. remembering jfk: 50 years after dallas, here on american history tv on c-span3. jacqueline kennedy's time as first lady was do you wanted as never before in images. the tragedy of a grieving widow all in three years. watch our program tonight at
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10:00 p.m. eastern and live on c-span and live, monday, our series continues. >> mrs. johnson, as first lady, loved to show off the texas country and her ho. the guests to the ranch would often informally aly gather in the den. and various heads of state came to visit. we have a few things that speak to her connection to the room. one of the things she wanted to highlight was the native american heritage in the country. we have a small collection of arrowheads here. she had an eye for copper and collected various items through the years and had gifts from various friends. mrs. johnson gave a tour of the house in 1968, and it was filmed and you she featured the china that she purchased the mexico, which you see here, it's careful. and the ranch provided a repite for the johnson, where they can come home and make the connection back to the land and this place that they valued so
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much. >> first lady, lady bird johnson. monday night, live at 9:00 p.m. eastern, on c-span. >> there's some serious scholars in studies. most depositions have their share of nonidealigal courses. but hardliners set the tone in the departments i have seen, and if there's one that is not, i would love to see it. conservative women, modern women, left out. >> her critiques of late century feminism and feminism in culture have led critics to label her
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anti-feminist. your questions for christina hoff sommers and join mark levin. next, author and historiany aii allen smith discusses the battle of new orleans in 1812. and he gives a detailed account of the battle. he argues that the navy's involvement was crucial to an american victory that was overshadowed by jackson's role in the battle this took place in anapolis, maryland. >> i'm the chair of the history department and it's my great pleasure to introduce tonight's


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